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ENJOY STUDYING CEBUANO To introduce yourself or the people with you in Cebuano, is very straightforward. I am Pedro. Ako si Pedro.

My name is Pedro. Ang akong nga'an Pedro. This is Juan. (besides the speaker) Kini si Juan. He is Juan. Siya si Juan. That is Maria. (far from the speaker) Kan si Maria. ( is pronounced very short and ends abruptly) That is Greg. (far away from them) Kadto si Greg. How are you? Kumusta? I'm fine. Maayo. or Maayo man. What is your name? Unsay imong nga'an? Who are you? Kinsa ka? (a bit impolite) Who is this? (beside the speaker) Kinsa 'ni? Who is that? (away from the speaker) Kinsa 'n? Who is that? (away from the group) Kinsa 'to? Good Morning. Maayong Buntag. or May'ng Buntag. Good Noon. Maayong Udto. or May'ng Udto. Good Afternoon. Maayong Hapon. or May'ng Hapon. Good Evening. Maayong Gabii. or May'ng Gabii. . Good Evening Sir (for greeting old men) Maayong Gabii Manoy. or 'Bii 'Noy. Good Evening Ma'am. (for greeting old women) Maayong Gabii Manang. or 'Bii 'Nang. Happy Birthday! Accepted common adaptation: Happy Birthday! Bisaya (not commonly used): Malipayong adlaw'ng natawhan.

Thank you. Salamat.Thank you very much. Daghang salamat. or Daghan kaayong salamat. When addressing somebody in a casual conversation, it is common for Cebuanos to use common nickname for a certain group of individuals that fall under certain traditional brackets. Manoy or 'Noy - used for old men specially 50 years old or older. Only use this if you are much younger than the person. Very old male (65 and above with white hair) are also often called Lolo or 'Lo (grandpa). Manang or 'Nang - for old women aging 50 and above. Only use this if you are much younger than the person. Very old ladies (65 and above with white hair) are also often called Lola or 'La (grandma). Bai - affectionately given to male friends of the same age level. It is also commonly used to male acquaintances of the same level. Not adviseable for formal conversations. Dodong or 'Dong - used as a standard way of addressing younger males. May be used even for teenagers as long as you are much older than the person. Inday or 'Day - commonly used to address younger females. May be used even for teenagers as long as you are much older than the person. I don't understand. W ko kasabot. Can you understand English? Makasabot ka ug Ininglis? or 'Kasabot ka ug English? Please say it in English. Palihug Ininglisa lang. or English lang Palihug. Please. Palihug. Thanks. Salamat. Speak slowly please. Hinaya'g sulti palihug. Sorry. Sorry. (The bisaya word "pasayloa ko" (forgive me) has a deeper meaning and is not used for a casual sorry, or excuse me) Excuse Me. Excuse Me. Yes. O. No. Dil or D Maybe. Tingali. For a while... Kadal s... or Kadiyot s...

Wait... Huwat...

Nowadays english names for colors are generally used and accepted. There are a few cebuano color words however that are still very commonly used. Black - Itom White - Put Red - Pula, Puwa Blue - Asul, Blue (accepted) Green - Berde, Green (accepted) Yellow - Yellow (adapted) Orange - Orange (adapted) Violet - Violet (adapted) Far - Lay Near - Du-ol Tired - Kapoy Happy - Malipayon Sad - Gu-ol, Magul-anon Alive - Buh Dead - Patay Cheap - Barato Expensive - Mahal Difficult - Lisod Easy - Sayon Heavy - Bug-at Light (weight) - Ga-an Dark - Ngitngit Bright - Hayag Glaring - Suwaw Shiny - Sinaw Fast - Kusog Quick - Paspas Slow Hinay Ugly - Bati'g Nawong, Ngil-ad Tall, Long, High - Ta-as Short, Low - Mub Clean - Limpyo Dirty - Hugaw Rich - Dat / Adunahan (old cebuano) Poor - Pobre / Kabus (old cebuano) Fat - Tambok Thin - Daot, Niwang Shy - Mauwawon Crazy - Bo-ang Kind - Bu-otan Cunning - Mar Intelligent - Utokan, Brayt (adapted from Bright) Dumb - Bog Sharp - Ha-it Dull - Habolan Wet - Bas Dry - Uga Delicious - Lam Sweet - Tam-is Sour - Aslom Salty - Parat Bitter - Pa-it Tasteless - Tab-ang Pungent, Piquant - Halang, Ha'ang Not Delicious - Wa'y Lami (rude) Gross Tasting - Lu-od Hot - Init

I don't know... W ko kahibaw... or Ambot... (a bit impolite) What took you so long? Nganong nadugay man ka? You're too early! Sayoha sad nimo uy! (slightly sarcastic) Common words Good - Maayo (character/condition) / Nindot (appearance ) Bad - Dautan, Maldito, Maldita (character) / Bati, Ngil-ad (appearance) Handsome - Guapo / Ambongan (old cebuano) Beautiful, Pretty - Guapa / Ma-anyag (old cebuano) Ugly - Bati'g Nawong, Ngil-ad Tall, Long, High - Ta-as Short, Low - Mub Clean - Limpyo Dirty - Hugaw Rich - Dat / Adunahan (old cebuano) Poor - Pobre / Kabus (old cebuano) Fat - Tambok Thin - Daot, Niwang Shy - Mauwawon Crazy - Bo-ang Kind - Bu-otan Cunning - Mar Intelligent - Utokan, Brayt (adapted from Bright) Dumb - Bog Sharp - Ha-it Dull - Habolan Wet - Bas Dry - Uga Delicious - Lam Sweet - Tam-is Sour - Aslom Salty - Parat Bitter - Pa-it Tasteless - Tab-ang Pungent, Piquant - Halang, Ha'ang Not Delicious - Wa'y Lami (rude) Gross Tasting - Lu-od Hot - Init Cold - Bugnaw (temperature) / Tugnaw (weather) Painful - Sakit Itchy - Katol Burning pain - Hapdos Tickling Sensation - Gilok Hard - Gah Soft - Humok Fragrant - Humot Foul Smelling - Bah Noisy - Sab Silent - Hilom

Cold - Bugnaw (temperature) / Tugnaw (weather) Painful - Sakit Itchy - Katol Burning pain - Hapdos Tickling Sensation - Gilok Hard - Gah Soft - Humok Fragrant - Humot Foul Smelling - Bah Noisy - Sab Silent - Hilom Nowadays english names for colors are generally used and accepted. There are a few cebuano color words however that are still very commonly used.

Price: How much is this? Tagpila ni? That's forty-five pesos. Tag kwarentay singko. Do you have anything cheaper than that? Naa mo'y mas barato an? That red one is only forty pesos. Kanang puwa tag kwarenta ra. How about that green one? Kan diay'ng green? (Green is more commonly used than the bisaya word "berde") That's more expensive, that's fifty-seven pesos. Mas mahal n, tag singkwentay singko. No discount? Wa'y hangyo? OK, you can have it for fifty-five pesos. Sige, singkwentay singko na lang. Date and time in Cebuano

Asking a question properly in Cebuano What - Unsa When - Kanus-a Where - Asa (place), Hain (location of an object) How - Giunsa Why Ngano Who - Kinsa

Where is my pencil? Hain ang akong lapis? Where is Colon? Asa ang Colon? If the object referred to is also a place in a way like a mall, "Asa" or "Hain" can be used. Example: Where is SM? Asa ang SM? or Hain ang SM? Direction: Where are we now? Asa na ta karon? We are now in Cebu. Nia na ta sa Cebu. Where are we going? Asa ta padu'ong? We're going to Lahug. Padu'ong ta sa Lahug. We will go to Lahug. Mangadto ta sa Lahug. or Moadto ta sa Lahug. Where is the Airport? Asa ang Airport? or Hain ang Airport? The Airport is in Mactan Island. Ang Airport naa sa Mactan. Where is the Comfort Room (toilet)? Hain ang CR? (CR has been adopted in Cebuano and is more common instead of "kasilyas" (toilet). In areas away from the Cities however, the word "kasilyas" is still very common). The CR is on the right. Ang CR naa sa tu-o.

Months: January - Enero February - Pebrero March - Marso April - Abril May - Mayo June - Hunyo July - Hulyo August - Agosto September - Septembre October - Oktobre November - Nobembre December - Disembre Day Of The Week Monday - Lunes Tuesday - Martes Wednesday - Miyerkoles Thursday - Huwebes Friday - Biyernes Saturday - Sabado Sunday - Dominggo General Terms Year - Tu-ig Month - Buwan Date - Petsa Day - Adlaw Week - Semana Now - Karon Today - Karong Adlawa This Week - Karong Semanaha This Month - Karong Buwana

This Year - Karong Tu-iga Next - Sunod Future - Kaugma-on Tomorrow - Ugma Next Day - Sunod Adlaw Next Week - Sunod Semana Next Month - Sunod Buwan Next Year - Sunod Tu-ig Past - Sa una, Miagi Yesterday - Gahapon Last Week - Miaging Semana Last Month - Miaging Buwan Last Year - Miaging Tu-ig Christmas - Pasko New Year - Bag-ong Tuig Holy Week - Semana Santa What date is it now? Unsay petsa karon? Time: 1 o'clock - ala una 2 o'clock - alas dos 3 o'clock - alas tres 4 o'clock - alas kwatro 5 o'clock - alas singko 6 o'clock - alas sais 7 o'clock - alas syete 8 o'clock - alas otso 9 o'clock - alas noybe 10 o'clock - alas diyes 11 o'clock - alas onse 12 o'clock - alas dose

January 13. Enero trese.

dawn - kaadlawon morning - buntag noon - udto afternoon - hapon evening / night - gabi-i midnight - tunga'ng gabi-i hour - oras minute - minuto seconds - segundo time - oras (takna in Old Cebuano) half (30 minutes used in telling the time) - media

What time is it now? Unsa nang orasa karon? Old Cebuano: Unsa na ang takna karon? It's 7:12 AM already. Alas syete dose na sa buntag. Half past 1 o'clock in the afternoon. Ala una y media sa hapon.

10 minutes before 5 o'clock. Menos diyes para alas singko. Counting Fractions of a peso are expressed in Centavos or commonly pronounced "sentabos" and sometimes simplified to "s'tabos", example P 0.25 is baynte singko sentabos or baynte singko s'tabos. Counting Money Old Cebuano 1 usa piso usa 2 duha dos duha 3 tulo tres tulo 4 upat kwatro upat 5 lima singko lima 6 unom sais unom 7 pito syete pito 8 walo otso / otcho walo 9 siyam noybe siyam 10 napu'o diyes / jes napulo 11 onse onse napulo'g usa 12 dose dose napulo'g duha 13 trese trese napulo'g tulo 14 katorse katorse napulo'g upat

15 kinse kinse napulo'g lima 16 dise sais dise sais napulo'g unom 17 dise syete dise syete napulo'g pito 18 dise otso / dise otcho dise otso / dise otcho napulo'g walo 19 dise noybe dise noybe napulo'g siyam 20 baynte baynte kawha-an 30 traynta traynta katlo-an 40 kwarenta kwarenta kap-atan 50 singkwenta singkwenta kalim-an 60 saisenta saisenta kan-uman 70 sitenta sitenta kapit-an 80 otsenta / otchenta otsenta / otchenta kawal-an 90 nobenta nobenta kasiyaman 100 usa k' gatos usa k' gatos usa ka gatos 200 duha k' gatos / dos sentos duha k' gatos / dos sentos duha ka gatos 300 tulo k' gatos / tres sentos tulo k' gatos / tres sentos tulo ka gatos 400 upat k' gatos / kwatro sentos

upat k' gatos / kwatro sentos upat ka gatos 500 lima k' gatos / kinyentos lima k' gatos / kinyentos lima ka gatos 600 unom k' gatos / sais sentos unom k' gatos / sais sentos unom ka gatos 700 pito k' gatos / syete sentos pito k' gatos / syete sentos pito ka gatos 800 walo k' gatos / otso sentos walo k' gatos / otso sentos walo ka gatos 900 siyam k' gatos / noybe sentos siyam k' gatos / noybe sentos siyam ka gatos 1,000 usa k' libo usa k' libo usa ka libo 2,000 duha k' libo / dos mil duha k' libo / dos mil duha ka libo 3,000 tulo k' libo / tres mil tulo k' libo / tres mil tulo ka libo 4,000 upat k' libo / kwatro mil upat k' libo / kwatro mil upat ka libo 5,000 lima k' libo / singko mil lima k' libo / singko mil lima ka libo 6,000 unom k' libo / sais mil unom k' libo / sais mil unom ka libo 7,000 pito k' libo / syete mil pito k' libo / syete mil pito ka libo 8,000 walo k' libo / otso mil walo k' libo / otso mil walo ka libo 9,000 siyam k' libo / noybe mil siyam k' libo / noybe mil siyam ka libo 10,000 napu'o k' libo / diyes mil napu'o k' libo / diyes mil napulo ka libo Sample usage: You: How much is the fare? Pila'y plete?

Jeepney Driver: How many are you? Pila mo kabuok?

* Mga pronounced "manga" denotes plurality of the next word * Among is short for Amo-ang which is the plural for Akong, i.e. "our". The son of my friend's neighbor. Anak sa silingan sa akong amigo. Parts of the body Arms - Bukton Armpit - Ilok Back - Bukobuko Biceps - Braso Body - Lawas Breast - Totoy Buttocks - Lubot Calves - Bagtak Cheek - Aping Chest - Dughan Chin - Suwang Ear - Dunggan Elbow - Siko Eye - Mata Eye brows - Kilay Eye lashes - Pilok Finger - Tudlo Fingernail - Kuko Foot - Ti-il Forehead - Agtang Gums - Lagos Hair - Buhok Hand Kamot Head - Ulo, U'o Heel - Tikod Hip - Bat-ang Jaw - Apapangig Knee - Tuhod Legs - Bati-is Lips - Ngabil Moustache / Beard - Bungot Mouth - B-b Navel - Pusod Neck - Li-og Nose - Ilong Palm - Palad, Pa'ad Shoulder - Abaga Small Finger - Kumingking Sole - Lapa-lapa Stomach - Tiyan Teeth - Ngipon Thigh - Pa-a Thumb - Kumagk Tongue - Dil Waist - Hawak Blood - Dug Bones - Bukog Brain - Utok Heart - Kasing-kasing Intestines - Tina-i Liver - Atay Lungs - Bag Nerves, Veins - Ugat Skeleton Kalabera

You: 3. Tulo. Jeepney Driver: 21 pesos. Baynte uno. RELATIONSHIP Young Sibling-Manghod Male - Lalaki Female Babaye Aunt - Iy-an, Tiy, Tita Brother - Igson nga Lalaki Child (Son / Daughter) - Anak Cousin - Ig-agaw Daughter - Anak nga babaye Elder Sibling - Maguwang Father - Amahan, Papa, Daddy, Tatay Grandchild - Apo Grandfather - Lolo Grandmother - Lola Grandparents - Apohan Grandson - Apo nga Lalaki Granddaughter Apo nga Babaye Husband - Bana Mother - Inahan, Mama, Mommy, Nanay Nephew - Pag-umangkon (nga lalaki) Niece - Pag-umangkon (nga babaye) Parents Ginikanan Relatives - Paryente Sibling - Igson Sister - Igson nga Babaye Son - Anak nga lalaki Uncle - Uy-an, Tiy, Tito Wife - Asawa Acquaintance Ka-ila Boyfriend / Girlfriend - Uyab Enemy - Kontra, Ka-away Friend - Higala (not common), Amigo (male), Amiga (female) Neighbor - Silingan

Connecting relationships in Cebuano or Bisaya is straightforward but may take a little getting used to. Examples: Dad's younger sister - Manghod nga babaye ni Papa. * ni means of My Mother's friend (female) - Amiga sa akong Mama. * Akong is short for Ako-ang which denotes ownership of the speaker, i.e. "my" Our neighbor's children. - Mga anak sa among silingan.

Parts of the House (Mga parte sa balay) Bathroom - Banyo Bed Room - Katulganan Ceiling - Kisame Dining Room - Komedor, Kan-anan Door - Portahan, Poltahan Floor - Salog, Sa'og Garage - Garahe House - Balay, Ba'ay Kitchen - Kusina Living Room - Sala Pillar / Column - Haligi Roof - Atop Room - Kwarto Stairs - Hagdan Toilet - Kasilyas, CR Window - Bintana Wall - Bongbong Objects in the house (Mga butang sa balay) Pillow - Unlan Plate - Plato Radio - Radyo Refrigerator - Ref or Refrigerator (adopted word) Spoon - Kutsara Stool - Bangk Television - TV (Adopted word) Table - Lamisa Watch - Rel Bed - Katre Blanket - Habol Chair - Si'ya, Lingkoranan Clock - Orasan or Relo (Takna-an in Bisaya) Closet - Aparador Cooking Pot - Kaldero Cup - Tasa Curtain Kortina Drawer - Hunos Drinking Glass - Baso Fan - Paypay Fork - Tinidor Frying Pan - Ka'ah Knife - Kutsilyo Laddle - Luwag Mirror - Sa'amin

Taxi - Taksi (adopted word) Truck - Tra'ak Vehicle - Sakyan

ANIMALS

Words related to vehicles Accelerator - Gasolinador Brake - Preno, Brake (adopted) Gasoline - Gasolina Rim - Yantas Spokes - Rayos Steering wheel - Manibela Wheel - Ligid Wings - Pak Types of vehicles Airplane - Eroplano Bicycle - Bisikleta Car - Awto Jeepney - Jeepney or Jeep (adopted word) Motorcycle - Motor Ship / Boat - Barko

Ant - Holmigas Bat - Kwaknit (small), Kabog (large) Bee - Buyog Beetle - Bakukang Bird - Langgam Bird Louse - Bunhok Butterfly - Kab-kab Carabao (Water Buffalo) - Kabaw Cat - Iring Caterpillar - U'od Centipede - Uhipan Chicken - Manok * Rooster - Sunoy * Hen - Himonga-an * Chick - Pis Cockroach - Ok-ok Cow - Baka Crab - Kasag (small), Lambay (large) Crocodile / Alligator - Baya Dog - Ir * Puppy - Itoy Duck - Itik Earthworm - Wati Eel - Bakasi Fish - Isd Flea - Pulgas Frog - Bak Gecko - Tok Goat - Kanding Horse - Kabay House Lizard - Tik Housefly - Langaw Louse - Kuto Monkey - Unggoy Mosquito - Lamok * Mosquito Larvae - Nguyo-nguyo Mouse / Rat - Ilag Octopus - Kugita Pig - Baboy * Sow - Anay * Boar - Butakal * Piglet - Baktin Prawn - Pansat Praying Mantis - Bayng bayng Sea Urchin - Tuyom Shark - Iho Shrimp - Pasayan Snake - Bitin Spider - Kak Squid - Nokos Termite - A'nay Tick - Karapata Tree Lizard - Tabili Turtle - Pawikan Turtoise - B-o

Whale - Balyena

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