Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 15

UNITED NATIONS

Friday, 7 October 2011

United Nations Climate Change Talks - October 2011 17 October 2011 ATLAPA Convention Centre, Panama City

Daily Programme
Official meetings
Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP)
(Open meeting) 15.00 1. 6th meeting Consideration of further commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol [Agenda item 3] San Blas

Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA)
(Open meeting) Upon conclusion of the AWG-KP Plenary meeting 2. 6th meeting San Blas

Organizational matters [Agenda item 2] Organization of the work of the session [Agenda item 2(b)]

The Daily Programme is available at <http://unfccc.int/>. Participants are kindly reminded to consult the CCTV monitors for any last-minute changes to the Daily Programme. In order to reduce paper consumption, participants are kindly requested to retain copies of documents throughout the sessions.

FCCC/2011/III/OD/7 GE.11-70521
Please recycle

-23. Preparation of a comprehensive and balanced outcome to be presented to the Conference of the Parties for adoption at its seventeenth session to enable the full, effective and sustained implementation of the Convention through long-term cooperative action now, up to and beyond 2012, pursuant to the results of the thirteenth and sixteenth sessions of the Conference of the Parties and recognizing that the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Longterm Cooperative Action under the Convention includes both implementation tasks and issues that are still to be concluded [Agenda item 3] 3.1. A shared vision for long-term cooperative action [Agenda item 3.1] (FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.23, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.25, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.27) Enhanced action on mitigation [Agenda item 3.2] 3.2.1. Nationally appropriate mitigation commitments or actions by developed country Parties [Agenda item 3.2.1] (FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/MISC.6/Add.4, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.11, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.20, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.24) Nationally appropriate mitigation actions by developing country Parties [Agenda item 3.2.2] (FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/MISC.7/Add.5, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/MISC.7/Add.6, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.19, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.26, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.26/Rev.1 ) Policy approaches and positive incentives on issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries [Agenda item 3.2.3] Cooperative sectoral approaches and sectorspecific actions, in order to enhance the implementation of Article 4, paragraph 1(c), of the Convention [Agenda item 3.2.4] (FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.22) Various approaches, including opportunities for using markets, to enhance the cost-effectiveness of, and to promote, mitigation actions, bearing in mind different circumstances of developed and developing countries [Agenda item 3.2.5] (FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.28)

3.2.

3.2.2.

3.2.3.

3.2.4.

3.2.5.

-33.2.6. Economic and social consequences of response measures [Agenda item 3.2.6] (FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.14, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.29, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.30)

3.3. 3.4.

Enhanced action on adaptation [Agenda item 3.3] Finance [Agenda item 3.4] (FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.15, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.16, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.18, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.21, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.31) Technology development and transfer [Agenda item 3.5] Capacity-building [Agenda item 3.6]

3.5. 3.6. 4.

Review: further definition of its scope and development of its modalities [Agenda item 4] (FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/CRP.17) Continued discussion of legal options with the aim of completing an agreed outcome based on decision 1/CP.13, the work done at the sixteenth session of the Conference of the Parties and proposals made by Parties under Article 17 of the Convention [Agenda item 5] Other matters [Agenda item 6] (a) Parties included in Annex I to the Convention undergoing the process of transition to a market economy [Agenda item 6(a)] Parties included in Annex I to the Convention whose special circumstances are recognized by the Conference of the Parties [Agenda item 6(b)]

5.

6.

(b)

7.

Additional matters [Agenda item 7]

-4-

Informal groups of the Convention and Protocol bodies


AWG-KP 10.0010.30 10.3011.30 Spin-off group on Chapter II (LULUCF) (Parties and Observer States only) AWG-KP contact group on item 3 (Open to Parties and Observers) Contadora Contadora

AWG-LCA 10.0010.45 Informal group on cooperative sectoral approaches and sector-specific actions, in order to enhance the implementation of Article 4, paragraph 1(c), of the Convention (agenda item 3.2.4) (Open to Parties and Observers) Informal group on finance (agenda item 3.4) (Open to Parties and Observers) Informal group on various approaches, including opportunities for using markets, to enhance the cost-effectiveness of, and to promote, mitigation actions, bearing in mind different circumstances of developed and developing countries (agenda item 3.2.5) (Open to Parties and Observers) Informal group on enhanced action on adaptation (agenda item 3.3) (Open to Parties and Observers) Informal group on a shared vision for long-term cooperative action (agenda item 3.1) (Open to Parties and Observers) Informal group on policy approaches and positive incentives on issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries (agenda item 3.2.3) (Parties and Observer States only) Informal group on other matters: Parties included in Annex I to the Convention whose special circumstances are recognized by the Conference of the Parties (agenda item 6 (b)) (Open to Parties and Observers) AWG-LCA contact group (Open to Parties and Observers) Cestas

10.0011.30 10.0011.30

Bocas La Huaca

10.0011.30 10.0011.30

Panam Portobelo

10.4511.30

Cestas

10.4511.30

Boquete

12.0013.00

San Blas

Additional Documentation
List of participants The list of participants for this session is available in electronic form at the official website of the secretariat at <http://unfccc.int/>.

-5-

Groups other than the Convention and Protocol bodies


(Closed meetings) Please note that some of the following events will take place at the following venues: European Union Pavilion Room Warszawa 08.0009.00 08.0009.00 08.0009.00 08.0009.00 09.0010.00 09.0010.00 09.0010.00 09.0010.00 13.0014.00 13.0014.00 14.0015.00 18.0019.00 18.0019.00 18.0019.00 18.0019.00 African Group Alliance of Small Island States Delegation of Colombia on behalf of the Highly Vulnerable Countries Delegation of El Salvador on behalf of SICA Countries Delegation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo on behalf of Congo Basin Countries Environmental Integrity Group European Union Coordination Meeting Group of 77 and China Coalition for Rainforest Nations Least Developed Countries Coordination Meeting Group of 77 and China African Group Alliance of Small Island States Delegation of the Plurational State of Bolivia on behalf of ALBA European Union Coordination Meeting Bocas Cestas Warszawa (EU Pavilion) Portobelo Chaquira Bejuco Chocoe Panam La Huaca Chaquira La Huaca La Huaca La Huaca Boquete Cestas Panam

Meetings of observer organizations


(Closed meetings) Please note that some of the following events will take place at the following venues: Sheraton Hotel Room Caleta 09.0010.00 09.0010.00 Room Gran Baru Business and industry non-governmental organizations (BINGOs) Indigenous peoples organizations (IPOs) Caleta (Sheraton) Gran Baru (Sheraton)

-609.0010.00 13.0014.00 Trade unions non-governmental organizations (TUNGOs) Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Cafeteria, ground floor ATLAPA Caleta (Sheraton)

Press briefings
(Media only) 09.0009.30 10.3011.00 12.0012.30 12.3013.00 13.1513.45 14.0014.30 14.3015.00 15.0015.30 Delegation of the Plurational State of Bolivia on behalf of ALBA Delegation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo on behalf of African Group, LDCs and ALBA Climate Action Network International Centro Alexander von Humboldt UNFCCC European Union Friends of the Earth International Delegation of the United States San Lorenzo San Lorenzo San Lorenzo San Lorenzo San Lorenzo San Lorenzo San Lorenzo San Lorenzo

Status report on consideration of agenda items as at 6 October 2011


AWG-KP agenda item 2 2 (a) 2 (b) Organizational matters Adoption of the agenda Organization of the work of the session Agenda adopted Organization of the work agreed Status

-7Contact group on agenda item 3 chaired by Ambassador Adrian Macey (New Zealand), Chair of the AWG-KP Secretariat contact: Ms. Karen Smith (+507 67495938) The Contact group on item 3 has organized its work in five spin-off groups as follows: Spin-off group on Chapter I (Amendments/numbers), co-facilitated by Mr. Leon Charles (Grenada) and Mr. Jrgen Lefevere (EU) Secretariat contact: Ms. Katia Simeonova (+507 67496967) Spin-off group on Chapter II (LULUCF), co-facilitated by Mr. Marcelo Rocha (Brazil) and Mr. Peter Iversen (Denmark) Secretariat contact: Ms. Maria Sanz Sanchez (+507 67496948) 3 Consideration of further commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol Chapter II, Land use, land-use change and forestry (version 6 October 2011, 19.00) This text will be made available at the document counter at 8.30 a.m. Spin-off group on Chapter III (Mechanisms), co-facilitated by Mr. Pedro Barata (Portugal) and Mr. El Hadji Mbaye Diagne (Senegal) Secretariat contact: Mr. Niclas Svenningsen (+507 67497116) Spin-off group on Chapter IV (Basket of methodological issues), facilitated by Mrs. Madeleine Diouf (Senegal), Vice Chair of the AWG-KP Secretariat contact: Mr. Vitor Gois Ferreira (+507 67496768) Spin-off group on Chapter V (Potential consequences), facilitated by Mr. Eduardo Calvo (Peru) Secretariat contact: Ms. Hanna Hoffmann (+507 67496818) 4 Other matters No other matters were raised

AWG-LCA agenda item 2 2 (a) 2 (b) Organizational matters Adoption of the agenda Organization of the work of the session

Status

Agenda adopted Organization of the work agreed

-83 Preparation of an outcome to be presented to the Conference of the Parties for adoption at its sixteenth session to enable the full, effective and sustained implementation of the Convention through long-term cooperative action now, up to and beyond 2012 Contact group on agenda items 3, 4, 5 and 6 chaired by Mr. Daniel A. Reifsnyder, Chair of the AWG-LCA (United States of America) Secretariat contact: Ms. Olga Pilifosova (+507 67494773) The contact group launched informal work on: A shared vision for long-term cooperative action (agenda item 3.1), facilitated by Ms. Margaret Mukahanana-Sangarwe (Zimbabwe), Vice Chair of the AWG-LCA Secretariat contact: Mr. Florin Vladu (+507 67497062) Non-paper on A shared vision for long-term cooperative action (version of 6 October @ 19:30) available at the documents counter after 09:00. This text replaces Consolidated text for a draft decision on a shared vision for long-term cooperative action version 6 October @ 10:00. Nationally appropriate mitigation commitments or actions by developed country Parties (agenda item 3.2.1), co-facilitated by Ms. Karine Hertzberg (Norway) and Mr. Jos Alberto Garibaldi Fernandez (Peru) Secretariat contact: Ms. Katia Simeonova (+507 67496967) Possible elements of draft guidelines for biennial reports of developed country Parties (version of 4 October@20:00) available at the documents counter. This text replaces the version of 3 October@18:00. Possible elements of modalities and procedures for international assessment and review (version of 4 October@20:00) available at the documents counter. This text replaces the version of 3 October@18:00. Co-facilitators summary of discussion on matters relating to paragraphs 3638 of the Cancun Agreements (version of 5 October 2011 @ 20:00) available at the documents counter. Nationally appropriate mitigation actions by developing country Parties (agenda item 3.2.2), cofacilitated by Ms. Karine Hertzberg (Norway) and Mr. Jos Alberto Garibaldi Fernandez (Peru) Secretariat contact: Mr. William Kojo AgyemangBonsu (+507 67496665)

-94 Review: further definition of its scope and development of its modalities Co-facilitators summary of discussion on matters relating to paragraphs 48-51 of the Cancun Agreements (version of 6 October @ 08:30) available at the documents counter. Non-paper on Registry (version of 5 October @ 22:00), available at the documents counter. Possible elements of draft guidelines for biennial update reports of developing country Parties (version of 5 October @ 22:00) available at the documents counter. This text replaces the version of 4 October @ 13:00. Possible elements of modalities and procedures for international consultation and analysis (version 6 October @ 11:30) available at the documents counter. This text replaces the version of 4 October @ 11:00. Policy approaches and positive incentives on issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries (agenda item 3.2.3), facilitated by Mr. Antonio Gabriel La Via (Philippines) Secretariat contact: Ms. Maria Sanz-Sanchez (+507 67496948) 5 Continued discussion of legal options with the aim of completing an agreed outcome based on decision 1/CP.13, the work done at the sixteenth session of the Conference of the Parties and proposals made by Parties under Article 17 of the Convention Cooperative sectoral approaches and sector-specific actions, in order to enhance the implementation of Article 4, paragraph 1(c), of the Convention (agenda item 3.2.4), facilitated by Mr. George Wamukoya (Kenya) Secretariat contact: Ms. Maria Sanz-Sanchez (+507 67496948) Consolidated text provided by Parties on Cooperative sectoral approaches and sectorspecific actions in order to enhance the implementation of Article 4, paragraph 1(c), of the Convention (version 6 October @ 17:00) available at the documents counter. Various approaches, including opportunities for using markets, to enhance the cost-effectiveness of, and to promote, mitigation actions, bearing in mind different circumstances of developed and developing countries (agenda item 3.2.5), facilitated by Ms. Alexa Kleysteuber (Chile) Secretariat contact: Mr. Niclas Svenningsen (+507 67497116)

- 10 6 Other matters Parties compilation on various approaches, including opportunities for using markets, to enhance the cost-effectiveness of, and to promote, mitigation actions, bearing in mind different circumstances of developed and developing countries (version 5 October @ 19:45) available at the documents counter. This text replaces the version of 4 October @ 21:00. Economic and social consequences of response measures (agenda item 3.2.6), facilitated by Mr. Crispin dAuvergne (Saint Lucia) Secretariat contact: Ms. Hanna Hoffmann (+507 67496818) Enhanced action on adaptation (agenda item 3.3), facilitated by Mr. Kishan Kumarsingh (Trinidad and Tobago) Secretariat contact: Ms. Annett Moehner (+507 67497027) 6 (a) Parties included in Annex I to the Convention undergoing the process of transition to a market economy Non-paper by the facilitator on the adaptation Committee (version 5 October @ 12:00) available at the documents counter. Finance (agenda item 3.4), facilitated by Mr. George Brsting (Norway) and Ms. Suzanty Sitorus (Indonesia) Secretariat contact: Mr. Yolando Velasco (+507 67496527) A new paper on long-term finance will be made available during the course of the day. Technology development and transfer (agenda item 3.5), facilitated by Mr. Jukka Uosukainen (Finland) Secretariat contact: Ms. Wanna Tanunchaiwatana (+507 67496490) Draft text for a draft decision (version of 3 October 2011@ 22:45 available at the documents counter. A revised version will be made available during the course of the day. Capacity-building (agenda item 3.6), facilitated by Mr. Jukka Uosukainen (Finland) Secretariat contact: Ms. Alla Metelitsa (+507 67496340) In-depth discussion on Capacity Building work in institutions and initiatives under the convention, Summary by the facilitator (version of 3 October @ 22:00) available at the documents counter. Compilation of draft texts for a draft decision on capacity building (version of 5 October @ 14:00) available at the documents counter.

- 11 6 (b) Parties included in Annex I to the Convention whose special circumstances are recognized by the Conference of the Parties Review: further definition of its scope and development of its modalities (agenda item 4), facilitated by Ms. Margaret Mukahanana-Sangarwe (Zimbabwe), Vice Chair of the AWG-LCA Secretariat contact: Mr. Florin Vladu (+507 67497062) Consolidated views of Parties on Review: futher definition of its scope and development of its modalities (version of 5 October @ 15:00) available at the documents counter. Continued discussion of legal options with the aim of completing an agreed outcome based on decision 1/CP.13, the work done at the sixteenth session of the Conference of the Parties and proposals made by Parties under Article 17 of the Convention (agenda item 5), facilitated by Ms. Maria del Socorro Flores Liera (Mexico) Secretariat contact: Mr. Jane Bulmer (+507 67496099) Other matters: Parties included in Annex I to the Convention undergoing the process of transition to a market economy and Parties included in Annex I to the Convention whose special circumstances are recognized by the Conference of the Parties (agenda item 6 (a) and (b)), facilitated by Mr. Kunihiko Shimada (Japan) Secretariat contact: Ms. Nattley Williams (+507 67496279)

In-session material, including conference room papers (CRPs) containing submissions by Parties, is available on the UNFCCC website at <http://unfccc.int/meetings/ad_hoc_working_groups/lca/items/6189.php>.

Special Announcements
Panama City Tour The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is offering participants guided tours, in Spanish and English, through Casco Antiguo de Panama. Please contact the Panama information desk in the foyer for information on the departure and return time of the Panama City tour.

Announcements
Availability of meeting The demand for meeting rooms is expected to exceed the capacity of the conference rooms premises and priority will be given to meetings directly associated with the negotiating process. The secretariat appreciates participants understanding in this connection. Meetings will therefore only be confirmed at the earliest one day prior to the requested meeting taking place.

- 12 Conference brochures In line with the secretariats efforts towards climate neutrality, the conference brochures Information for Participants and Side Events and Exhibits Brochure are available in electronic format only at: <http://unfccc.int/>. The secretariat encourages all participants to support this initiative by refraining from printing, or printing only the required information if necessary. The making of audio and video recordings, including any external transmission, by Party or observer organization delegations during open and closed official meetings and in designated security zones is not permitted. The secretariat provides audio recordings of official meetings, as required by Parties. Webcasts are provided for open plenary meetings and press conferences. The Meditation Room is located on the first floor of the ATLAPA Convention Centre, behind meeting room Panam. For the duration of the sessions, all official meetings and press conferences will be available live and on demand, with English or floor audio streams. On-demand files will be available shortly after the close of each meeting. Publications that are clearly attributed to a Party or an admitted observer organization that is not exhibiting may be distributed and displayed at the Climate Change Publications Counter, after approval. The counter is located on the ground floor in the foyer of the ATLAPA conference center. For approval, please provide a sample to the Observer Organizations Liaison Team at the Conference Affairs Services Office. The counter cannot manage large volumes, but will assist in changing the range of documents on display. Organizers of Exhibits are requested to display and distribute documents at their own booths. Contact: Ms. Edith Kimotho Tel: +507 6749 7229 <ekimotho@unfccc.int> Online Services@Panama Besides classical website information on <http://unfccc.int>, the secretariat is offering the mobile version of the UNFCCC website <mobile.unfccc.int> and the official iPhone/iPad application Negotiator for the conference. Using the iPhone/iPad application Negotiator, users can: get logistical information about the conference (directories, venue maps, etc.); read the latest documents, agendas and meeting information; view the latest YouTube videos and photos from the conference; join the conference via the Facebook and Twitter channels. Please note: The iPhone/iPad app, Negotiator can be downloaded for FREE via iTunes app store: <http://unfccc.int/iphoneapp>. The secretariat is offering a special online reporting service to the media. On a daily basis, an online video will be made available on the website <http://unfccc.int> summarizing the secretariats daily press briefing. This video can be viewed and downloaded for Podcast. The secretariat is encouraging online media to link to the online video. All videos can be found on <YouTube.com/climateconference> and iTunes. Community tools, such as Facebook, Twitter and Flickr will allow to participate and to respond to the conference in Panama. All links can be found on the Panama conference page on <http://unfccc.int>.

Use of audio/video recording devices by participants at UNFCCC sessions Meditation room

Webcasts of the sessions Climate Change Publications Counter

- 13 Medical and security Emergencies For medical emergencies, please contact the first aid personnel in the Emergency Room located on the first floor of the ATLAPA Convention Centre between meeting rooms Panam and Bocas, just before the entrance to Foyer Teatro Anayansi. For other emergencies, please contact United Nations security staff (wearing either a United Nations uniform or an armband) located at the entrance or call: On-site Security Duty Officer: Tel: +507 6749 7358 Security Participants should ensure that they wear their conference badge in full view at all times, as the security officers may request them to verify their identity. This may lead to some inconvenience, but it is expected that participants will appreciate the need for such arrangements. In order to ensure compliance with building fire regulations, UN Security may ask participants to refrain from accessing meeting rooms or vacate meeting rooms if the room capacity is full. Thank you for your cooperation. Participants are reminded not to leave personal belongings in meeting rooms. The Security office, located next to the Registration Desk in the lobby of the conference center, is responsible for lost and found items. Pigeonholes for the distribution of official documents and messages, which delegates are kindly requested to check at regular intervals, are located next to the Documents Distribution counter. Participants are requested to refrain from distributing non-official material via the pigeonholes.

Building fire regulations

Lost and found items

Pigeonholes for delegates

Delegation nameplates Delegates are kindly requested not to remove country nameplates from the meeting rooms. The secretariat is unable to replace these at short notice and this can lead to serious disruptions at meetings. Facilities for observer organizations The business and industry non-governmental organizations (BINGOs) and the environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs) constituencies have offices located on the first floor of the ATLAPA conference center. BINGO office ENGO office Facilitator: Ms. Norine Kennedy (USCIB) Facilitator: Mr. David Turnbull <nkennedy@uscib.org> (CAN International) <dturnbull@climatenetwork.org> A cafeteria is located on the ground floor of the ATLAPA Convention Centre, next to the Participants Center in the foyer of the Cayucos Bar. There is also a snack bar on the ground floor, located immediately outside the conference venue near Registration (exits 3 and 4). An additional snack bar is located on the first floor of the ATLAPA Convention Centre near the meeting room Bocas. Restaurants Las Hadas, Cafe Bahia and Crostini are located at the Sheraton Hotel. For further information on places to eat in Panama, please visit <http://degustapanama.com> (website available in English and Spanish).

Catering services

- 14 Lost and found items Participants are reminded not to leave personal belongings in meeting rooms. Documents left in meeting rooms and on unattended desks will be removed. The Security office, located next to the main entrance, is responsible for lost and found items. The owners of the following items should claim their object at the Security office: bag chip eyeglasses and cases handkerchief key with key chain Plaza Paitilla Inn room card mobile phone scarf sunglasses umbrellas usb sticks

Key contacts
Executive Secretary Director for Implementation Strategy Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP) Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA) Coordinator, Conference Affairs Services Chief Legal Adviser Liaison with Government delegates and registration; funding for delegations Liaison with observer organizations Conference Spokesperson Ms. Christiana Figueres Mr. Halldr Thorgeirsson Mr. Sergey Kononov Ms. Olga Pilifosova Ms. Salwa Dallalah Mr. Dan Bondi Ogolla Mr. Horacio Peluffo Mr. Warren Waetford Mr. Eric Hall

- 15 -

Other activities
Descriptions of the events listed below have been reproduced as received, and without formal editing. Time Title/Theme Fossil Of The Day Awards Members of the Climate Action Network International will present the traditional "Fossil of the Day Awards" at 6pm at the CAN booth. Moving Planet Photo Exhibit On 24 September, 2011, millions rallied around the world for Moving Planet, an international day of action to move beyond fossil fuels. These photos capture a small selection of over 2,000 actions in 180 countries that were coordinated by 350.org and many allies. Organizer Climate Action Network International Ms. Montana Burgess mburgess@climatenetwork.org +507 6475 2346 350.org Mr. Juan Carlos Soriano juan@350.org +507 60029341 Los Tapices Venue CANInternational exhibit booth outside plenary San Blas

18.00 18.30

All day

Published by the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Bonn, Germany

Оценить