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Green Development Strategies

Introduction Green development is a land use planning concept that includes consideration of community-wide or regional environmental implications of development, as well as site-specific green building concepts. This includes city planning, environmental planning, architecture, and community building. In Green Development, environmental considerations are viewed as opportunities to create fundamentally better buildings and communities which are more comfortable, more efficient, more appealing, and ultimately more profitable in the longer run. Green Development strategies could include energy and water efficiency, reuse of materials and use of sustainable materials, on-site storm water management, healthy indoor air quality, building preservation and reuse, accessibility to public transportation options, infill and brown-field redevelopment, and smart growth principles. Challenges in Green Development Strategies 1. Misconception and Uncertainty: There is a lack of demand for the green projects from the consumers as there is not much awareness. Consumers tend to overlook the energy efficient appliances and amenities and focus on the space or the view ( garden facing). The brokers, agents are themselves not aware of the idea of green housing and therefore, they do not convey any message regarding the value. 2. Financial Feasibility: Market conditions often make green development projects more challenging from a risk and return point of view as there is more stress on conventional housing as compared to green housing. The developers would not want to lengthen their payback period. 3. Expertise and Resources: In private sector, the process of identifying appropriate architects, construction firms and materials can be long, painful and costly. This delay can lead to higher risks and costs as the deadline and the budget is stringent. 4. In public sector, many are not equipped in terms of green construction and so a delay is expected in terms of permission and approval. Moreover, the building codes designed for the conventional developments do not always allow eco friendly developments. Overcoming Challenges Applying the integrating design approach: It involves the synergy of all stakeholders including designers, engineers, the construction team, environmental planners, and users. They could meet early in the development stages to address project goals, needs, and potential barriers of the project. It will give a wholesome approach. Incentives can stimulate the adoption of green development practices: Motivational tools like an attractive contact with several schemes in the form of monetary and/or non-monetary form. Monetary incentives include tax breaks, grants, vouchers, and rebates. Non-monetary incentives include technical assistance, business planning assistance, marketing assistance, expedited permitting, regulatory relief, preferred loans, guarantee programs, and dedicated green management teams in building and planning departments.

Green Development Strategy adopted in London A Case Municipalities across Ontario, North America and throughout the world are recognizing the significant role that local development can play in impacting the environment. For example, the City structure (location and density of development) and the way in which municipal infrastructure is delivered can have a massive impact on automobile usage, walk-ability, the feasibility of alternative modes of transportation such as transit and cycling, and the avoidance sprawl. At a smaller scale, neighbourhood subdivision design and individual site planning can contribute significantly to energy savings, greenhouse gas reductions, water conservation and natural heritage preservation. At the smallest scale of consideration, individual building construction - both the product and the construction process itself can have a significant impact on the goals for the environment. In partnership with the City of Londons development industry, the Green Development Strategy is intended to address development at each of these levels. At the heart of the green development strategy is the goal of fostering sustainable development that will benefit London and, by taking care of our own backyard, will also benefit the planet. At the heart of the term sustainability, is the notion that development will achieve the greatest balanced benefit from a social, environmental and economic perspective. The Green Development Strategy will seek to foster development that will directly, or indirectly, contribute to: Conserving energy Reducing greenhouse gasses Reducing impact on natural heritage features Conserving agricultural land Conserving water Reducing/managing storm-water runoff Reducing solid waste

In doing so, the strategy will address both new development and existing development (eg. adaptive re-use of existing buildings, infill and intensification of individual sites, retrofitting suburban subdivisions, etc.). The green development strategy includes 1. Building Design: New & Retrofit: The aspects considered included solid waste management system, materials, energy efficiency, demolition of old structures, promoting use of natural heating or cooling materials on the building walls, installing appliances that are energy efficient and solar panels on roofs to sustain energy needs. Buildings need to be LEED Certified. 2. City Structure: Building sustainable communities that reduce green house gas and energy consumption. 3. Community Design: LEED rating for neighbourhood development. The rating system needs to integrate the principles of Smart growth, Urbanism and Green buildings. Decisions were made to use reduce noise levels, Storm water harvesting, habitat creation and removing air quality. The city also promoted the use of cycling and walking to work. 4. Community Infrastructure: Promote the development of community garden having diverse biodiversity of plants and trees.