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TEJ3M1 Sample Test#1 Ch#1,4

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. __a__ 1. Computers process _____. a. data into information b. information into data

c. data into instructions

d. instructions into data d. printer and

__d__ 2. All of the following are widely used input devices except the _____. a. keyboard and mouse b. microphone and scanner c. digital camera and PC video camera monitor

__b__ 3. The _____ is a small handheld input device that controls the movement of a small symbol on the screen called the pointer. a. keyboard b. mouse c. scanner d. microphone __a__ 4. A _____ looks similar to a floppy disk but has much greater storage capabilities up to about 750 million characters. a. Zip disk b. hard disk c. CD d. DVD __d__ 5. A hard disk provides much _____. a. less storage capacity than a floppy disk or Zip disk b. less storage capacity than a floppy disk but more than a Zip disk c. greater storage capacity than a floppy disk but less than a Zip disk d. greater storage capacity than a floppy disk or Zip disk __a__ 6. A widely used communication device is a _____. a. modem b. CD drive c. USB flash drive d. Zip disk __d__ 7. On a network, the major difference between the server and client computers is that the server ordinarily has _____. a. less power, less storage space, and decreased communication capabilities b. less power, less storage space, but expanded communication capabilities c. more power, more storage space, but decreased communication capabilities d. more power, more storage space, and expanded communication capabilities __d__ 8. People around the world use the Internet to _____. a. communicate with and meet other people b. shop for goods and services information and leisure d. all of the above c. access sources of

__a__ 9. A Web site is _____. a. a collection of related Web pages b. the location from which a Web page originates Web page d. an author of a Web page

c. the source of a

__d__ 10. When a user tells the computer to start a program, the computer copies, or _____, the program from storage to memory. a. runs b. installs c. loads d. executes __a__ 11. Two types of _____ are desktop computers and notebook computers. a. personal computers b. mobile computers c. midrange servers d. mainframes __c__ 12. The most popular type of mobile computer is the _____. a. supercomputer b. handheld computer c. notebook computer d. desktop computer

__d__ 13. Factors that influence a consumers purchasing decision for handhelds include _____. a. size b. screen size c. capabilities of available software d. all of the above __d__ 14. A _____ is more powerful than a workstation, but less powerful than a mainframe.

a. tower computer

b. supercomputer

c. midrange server

d. Tablet PC

__d__ 15. _____ are capable of processing more than 100 trillion instructions in a single second. a. Desktop computers b. Notebook computers c. Midrange servers d. Supercomputers __c__ 16. With _____ software, a home user can play games such as solitaire, chess, and Monopoly; compose music; research genealogy; or create greeting cards. a. reference b. educational c. entertainment d. systems __a__ 17. Many small office/home office users (SOHO) are entering the _____ arena and conduct business on the Web. a. e-commerce b. multimedia c. e-transit d. multidimensional __b__ 18. Examples of _____ are real estate agents, insurance agents, meter readers, package delivery people, journalists, consultants, and students. a. small office/home office users b. mobile users c. large business users d. power users __d__ 19. Examples of _____ include engineers, scientists, architects, desktop publishers, and graphic artists. a. home users b. mobile users c. large business users d. power users __d__ 20. _____ users use the computer network to process high volumes of transactions in a single day. a. Power b. Home c. SOHO d. Large business __a__ 21. The hardware requirements for a _____ user include a workstation or other powerful computer with multimedia capabilities and a PDA or smart phone. a. power b. home c. SOHO d. large business __a__ 22. A(n) _____ is a system that attempts to imitate the behavior of the human brain. a. neural network b. cochlear implant c. camera pill d. electrode implant __d__ 23. Industries use CAM to _____. a. shorten a products time to market d. all of the above b. stay ahead of the competition c. reduce product development costs

__a__ 24. On _____, the electronic components and most storage devices are part of the system unit and other devices, such as the keyboard, mouse, and monitor, normally occupy space outside the system unit. a. desktop personal computers b. notebook computers c. mobile devices d. all of the above __a__ 25. Some computer and chip manufacturers use the term _____ to refer to a personal computer processor chip. a. microprocessor b. parallel processor c. coprocessor d. perpendicular processor

__a__ 26. In the machine cycle steps illustrated in the accompanying figure, the term _____ refers to the process of translating instructions into signals the computer can carry out. a. fetching b. decoding c. executing d. storing __d__ 27. Each tick of the system clock equates to a _____. a. clock shot b. clock spring c. clock rhythm d. clock cycle

__c__ 28. One gigahertz (GHz) equals one _____ ticks of the system clock per second. a. thousand b. million c. billion d. trillion __d__ 29. The greater the number of transistors in a processor chip, the _____ the chip. a. less complex and powerful b. less complex but more powerful c. more complex but less powerful d. more complex and powerful __c__ 30. Most high-performance PCs use some type of _____ processor(s). a. Pentium b. Celeron c. Xeon and Itanium d. Acceleron and Celerium __b__ 31. Less expensive, basic PCs use a brand of Intel processor(s) called the _____. a. Pentium b. Celeron c. Xeon and Itanium d. Acceleron and Celerium __d__ 32. Parallel processing _____. a. speeds processing time b. divides a problem into portions above c. requires special software d. all of the

__c__ 33. _____ is used primarily on mainframe computers and high-end servers. a. American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) b. Unicode Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) d. Multicode

c. Extended Binary Coded

__b__ 34. _____ is a coding scheme capable of representing almost all of the worlds current written languages, as well as classic and historical languages.

a. American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) d. Multicode

b. Unicode

c. Extended Binary Coded

__c__ 35. Memory stores _____. a. the operating system and other system software b. application programs that carry out a specific task c. the data being processed and the resulting information d. all of the above __b__ 36. A(n) _____ is the basic storage unit in memory. a. byte b. address c. kilobyte d. RAM __d__ 37. _____ is the most common type of volatile memory. a. ROM b. Flash memory c. CMOS d. RAM __a__ 38. Rambus DRAM (RDRAM) chips are another type of DRAM chips that are much faster than SDRAM chips because they _____. a. transfer data twice for each clock cycle b. are synchronized to the system clock c. do not have to be re-energized as often d. use pipelining techniques __a__ 39. A _____ has pins on opposite sides of the circuit board that connect together to form one set of contacts. a. DIMM (dual inline memory module) b. SIMM (single inline memory module) c. RIMM (Rambus inline memory module) d. CIMM (Cantus inline memory module) __b__ 40. Generally, home users running Windows XP and using basic application software such as word processing should have at least _____ MB of RAM. a. 64 b. 128 c. 256 d. 512 __c__ 41. _____ is a cache separate from the processor chip on the motherboard. a. L1 cache b. L2 cache c. L3 cache d. L4 cache __c__ 42. A nanosecond (abbreviated ns) is one _____ of a second. a. thousandth b. millionth c. billionth d. trillionth __a__ 43. A sound card _____. a. enhances the audio-generating capabilities of a personal computer by allowing sound to be input through a microphone and output through external speakers or headset b. converts computer output into a signal that travels through a cable to the monitor, which displays an image on the screen c. connects computers through telephone or cable television lines d. connects other computers and peripherals __d__ 44. A network card _____. a. enhances the audio-generating capabilities of a personal computer by allowing sound to be input through a microphone and output through external speakers or headset b. converts computer output into a signal that travels through a cable to the monitor, which displays an image on the screen c. connects computers through telephone or cable television lines d. connects other computers and peripherals __d__ 45. Instead of port, the term _____ sometimes is used to identify audio and video ports. a. bus b. hub c. bay d. jack __a__ 46. The COM port (short for communications port) on the system unit is one type of _____. a. serial port b. parallel port c. USB port d. SCSI port __d__ 47. Bluetooth technology is _____. a. similar to a USB port in that it can connect multiple types of devices that require faster data transmission speeds b. a special high-speed parallel port that allows users to attach peripherals such as disk drives and printers c. a special type of serial port that connects the system unit to a musical instrument d. an alternative to IrDA that uses radio waves to transmit data between two devices __d__ 48. The wider the bus, the _____ the transfer of data.

a. greater the number of transfer steps required and the slower b. greater the number of transfer steps required and the faster c. fewer the number of transfer steps required and the slower d. fewer the number of transfer steps required and the faster __b__ 49. The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) is _____. a. the most common and slowest expansion bus b. a bus designed to improve the speed with which 3-D graphics and video transmit c. a high-speed expansion bus that connects higher speed devices d. a bus that eliminates the need to install cards into expansion slots __a__ 50. The first step in cleaning a computer is _____. a. turn it off, unplug it, and unplug all cables from the ports b. vacuum the fan on the back of the computer case c. wipe the case with an antistatic wipe d. open the case True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. __f__ 51. A CD is an example of an output device. __f__ 52. The average floppy disk can hold more than 80 billion characters. __f__ 53. The electronic components in modern computers are undependable because they have a high failure rate. __t__ 54. With current storage devices, the computer can transfer data quickly from storage to memory, process it, and then store it again for future use. __f__ 55. A client controls access to the resources on a network. __f__ 56. The two categories of software are system software and application software. __t__ 57. The operating system provides a means for users to communicate with the computer and other software. __t__ 58. A utility program allows a user to perform maintenance-type tasks related to managing a computer, its devices, or its programs. __f__ 59. Once in memory, the computer can carry out, or load, the instructions in the program. __t__ 60. Most notebook computers can operate on batteries or a power supply or both. __t__ 61. Tablet PCs support voice input. __f__ 62. Mobile devices usually have disk drives. __t__ 63. Handheld computers often have a specialized keyboard. __f__ 64. The primary input device on a PDA is a mouse. __t__ 65. Many PDAs are Internet-enabled so users can check e-mail and access the Internet. __t__ 66. In addition to basic telephone capabilities, a smart phone allows users to send and receive e-mail and access the Web. __t__ 67. Automobiles most likely contain an embedded computer of some type. __t__ 68. Mobile users often have a notebook computer, Internet-enabled PDA, or smart phone. __f__ 69. Software used by power users usually is inexpensive because of its generic design. __f__ 70. Power users computers seldom have network connections or Internet access.

__t__ 71. The accounting department in a large business uses software to prepare marketing literature such as newsletters, product brochures, and advertising material. __f__ 72. The computer has not changed society today. __t__ 73. More than 70 percent of colleges offer some type of distance learning classes. __t__ 74. An exciting development in health care is telemedicine, which is a form of long-distance health care. __f__ 75. Cameras small enough to swallow sometimes called a cochlear implant take pictures inside your body. __t__ 76. The control unit interprets each instruction issued by a program and then initiates the appropriate action to carry out the instruction. __t__ 77. Comparison operations involve comparing one data item with another to determine whether the first item is greater than, equal to, or less than the other item. __f__ 78. Few of todays personal computers support pipelining. __f__ 79. Registers are part of memory or a storage device, not part of the processor. __t__ 80. The system clock is one of the factors that influences a computers speed. __f__ 81. If buyers purchase an IBM-compatible PC, they will choose a Motorola processor. __t__ 82. Apple Macintosh and Power Macintosh users will choose an Intel processor or an Intel-compatible processor. __f__ 83. A home user surfing the Web will need a faster processor than an artist working with graphics or applications requiring multimedia capabilities such as full-motion video. __t__ 84. A heat sink uses a continuous flow of fluid to transfer the heated fluid away from the processor to a radiator-type grill. __t__ 85. Supercomputers use parallel processing for applications such as weather forecasting. __t__ 86. Human speech is analog because it uses continuous (wave form) signals that vary in strength and quality. __f__ 87. The ASCII and EBCDIC coding schemes are sufficient for Asian and other languages that use different alphabets but are not large enough for English and Western European languages. __f__ 88. The ASCII coding scheme is used primarily on mainframes and high-end servers. __f__ 89. Standards, such as those defined by ASCII and EBCDIC, make it impossible for components within computers to communicate with each other successfully. __t__ 90. A byte (character) is the basic storage unit in memory. __f__ 91. Nonvolatile memory loses its contents when power is removed from the computer. __t__ 92. MRAM retains its contents after power is removed from the computer. __f__ 93. Most business users who work with accounting, financial, or spreadsheet programs, voice recognition, and programs requiring multimedia capabilities should have a maximum of 128 MB of RAM. __t__ 94. The data on most ROM chips cannot be modified hence, the name read-only. __t__ 95. The flash memory chips that store a computers startup information seldom use CMOS technology. __f__ 96. A nanosecond is extremely slow; in fact, electricity travels about one mile in a nanosecond. __t__ 97. Many mobile and consumer devices, such as PDAs, smart phones, digital cameras, and digital music players use flash memory cards.

__f__ 98. Unlike adapter cards that require users to open the system unit and install the card on the motherboard, users can change a flash memory card, such as a PC Card, without having to open the system unit or restart the computer. __f__ 99. Unlike IrDA, Bluetooth devices have to be aligned with each other. __t__ 100. Weighing on average between 2.5 and 8 pounds, notebook computers can run either using batteries or using a standard power supply.