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1. General notes on style and stylistics.

Stylistics is a branch of general linguistics and deals with two independent tasks: a. The investigation of the inventory of special language media which by their ontological features secure the desirable effect of the utterance. b. Certain types of texts which due to the choice and arrangements of language means are distinguished by the pragmatic aspect of the communication. The two objectives of stylistics are clearly felt as two separate fields of investigation. The inventory of special language media can be analyzed and their ontological features revealed, if presented in a system in which the correlation between the media becomes evident. The types of texts can be analyzed if their linguistic components are presented in their indirection, thus revealing the unbreakable unity and transparency of constructions of a given type. ! The types of texts that are distinguished by the pragmatic aspect of the communication are called functional styles of language (FS). The special media of language which secure the desirable effect of the utterance are called stylistic devices (SD) and expressive means (EM). The first field of investigation, the stylistic devices and the expressive devices touches upon such general language problems as the aesthetic function of language, synonymous ways of rendering one and the same idea, emotional coloring in language, the interrelation between language and thoughts, the individual manner of an author and etc.
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The second field the functional styles discusses general linguistic issues as oral and written varieties of the language, the notion of the literally standard language, the constituents of texts larger than the sentence, etc. In dealing with the objectives of stylistics, certain adjacent disciplines such as literature, psychology, logics and statistics must be touched upon. This is indispensable. Nowadays, no science is entirely isolated from other domains of human knowledge. The word style is derived from the Latin word stylus which meant a short stick, sharp at one end and flat at the other used by the Romans for writing on wax tablets. Now, the word style is used in so many senses. For example, the word is applied to the teaching about how to write a composition, it is also used to reveal the correspondence between thought and expression. It frequently denotes an individual manner of making use of language. The individual style of a writer marked by its uniqueness. It can be recognized by the specific combination of language media and the stylistic devices which in their interaction present a certain system. This system derives from the creative spirit and the elusive thought. Naturally, the individual style of a writer will never be entirely independent of the literally norms and canons of a given period. The style of a writer must be distinguished from the use of language units that the individual has his own manner and habits of using them. The speech of an individual which is characterized by peculiarities, typical of that particular individual is called an idiolect. The individual style of an author is frequently identified with the generic term style, but style is a much border notion. The analysis of an authors language seems to be the most important procedure in estimating his individual style. This is obvious not only because language is the only means available to convey the authors ideas, but also because

writers contribute greatly to establishing the norms of the literally language of a given period.