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Korea-ADB Conference on Knowledge Sharing and Development Effectiveness Session 3

ADB Knowledge Sharing Program

Connecting, Enabling, and Leveraging

7 October 2011

Ryu Fukui
Advisor and Head, Knowledge Sharing Program, RSDD, ADB

1. Rationale
2. Perspiration and Issues in ADB 3. ADB Knowledge Sharing Program launch


Rationale : Why Knowledge Sharing?

Historical Contexts in Development Aids
(by 70s)

Big Push by sizable investments

Policy Reforms thru. Conditionality by Structural Adjustment lending (from 80s)

Governance, Institutions, Capacities, Information (from 90s)

and Knowledge Management

(from mid 90s)

World Bank launched a concept of Knowledge Bank in late 90s South-South Cooperation concept was reinvigorated in late 90s G20 : Knowledge Sharing as its 9th Pillar Knowledge Sharing becomes a crucial tool to foster

Rationale: Why Knowledge Sharing?

As ADB as infrastructure bank.

ASSETS (physical investments)
-Infrastructure -Education -Environment etc. Lending programs


Capacities in -Individuals -Organizations -Institutions TA programs

Can be much better by Knowledge Sharing 4


.to enhance development effectiveness as development agency

Effective Development for Inclusive & Sustainable Growth

Rationale: Why Knowledge Sharing?

Development Effectiveness as Goal

Knowledge Collection Knowledge Configuration Knowledge Application Knowledge Dissemination

Capacity Development as Outcome Knowledge Sharing as Input

Learning by doing Learning from others Learning from each other

Management Direction and Corporate Framework

Perspiration in ADB

Strategy 2020: Knowledge Solutions as change driver as well as capacity development and partnerships Community of Practice (CoP) : 14 CoPs Capacity Development Framework and Action Plans (revised in 2010) mainstream CD;
strengthen networks/partnerships and learning/Knowledge Sharing on CD

Knowledge Management Action Plan 2009-2011



Notable Projects/Partnerships with New Approaches in Recent years Twinning arrangement: e.g. Cambodia-Vietnam for capacity development on water supply

Perspiration in ADB

Phnom Penh Plan for Development Management CAREC Institute Asia-Pacific COP on Managing for Development
Results (MfDR) Water Forum

Knowledge Hub arrangements: e.g. Asia-Pacific Knowledge partnerships: e.g. Singapore,

Korea, PRC, IDB, SLoCat

Major Issues for Next Steps in ADB

Mainstreaming Capacity Development is yet underway More dialogue-based identification of

knowledge demand in Country Partnerships Strategy is required

Capacity Development by TA projects is to be more result-oriented They are largely input-output

based. Project-based scope limits continuity after TA

Knowledge Works still tend to be regarded marginal Reconciliation with loan-delivery culture is
needed; Incentive systems are to be improved

Information Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing is to developed Knowledge Partnerships are to be more organized and synergized


ADB Knowledge Sharing Program

Mainstream and scale up Knowledge Sharing (KS) as ADBs distinct business line to address capacity gaps in Developing Member Countries (DMCs), thereby enhance development effectiveness

ADB Knowledge Sharing Program

Key Strategies
Value Strategy 1. Visible Business Line Impact

Wide engagement of DMCs and Packaging and Brokering (Honest stakeholders Recognition to ADB as Knowledge Broker) intensive organization Donor supports

2. Result-oriented CD 3. Long-Term Partnerships 4. Cost-effective high quality learning 5. Focus on local application of knowledge

Stronger Linkage with TA and loans

Design and monitoring improvement in CD Development Effectiveness

Easier access to expertise and Institutional experiences where demanded in DMCs Engagement of External Expertise Constant improvement in supply quality

Increased value for money to support CD Provision of knowledge options applicable to DMCs

Enhanced motivation in learning Scaling up of outreach Continuity in CD Thrust to be change agent Recognition to ADB as Regional Knowledge Bank


Strategy 1. Visible Business Line - Knowledge Sharing for Capacity Development as Services
DMC South South Learning
Knowledge Partnerships Lending Program Technical Assistance


IntraRegional Learning

Knowledge Partnerships


Knowledge Partnerships

North South Learning

Multilateral Developmen t Banks

Knowledge Partnerships

Development Agencies

Other regions

Knowledge Sharing

Developed economies

Strategy 2. Result-Oriented Capacity Development

Result oriented logic model
Development goal
CD program objective

Linkage of KnowledgeCapacity DevelopmentInvestments

Knowledge Sharing Services for CD

Learning outcomes
CD program outputs (Knowledge products/services) TA programs for CD

CD program activities
CD program inputs
(Source: World Bank Institute, 2010)

Next generation loan products for Investments



Strategy 3. Long-Term Knowledge Partnership: Leveraging Knowledge Intermediation


Services to DMCs

Networks of Networks External Knowledge


In-country, regional, or global networks of knowledge partners High education sector; Private sector; Development agencies; CSOs, etc. Knowledge on sectors, countries, & region; Understanding on DMCs knowledge demand

ADB Core Expertise/ Experience


Strategy 4. Cost Effective High Quality Learning

Leading Concept: Blended Learning i.e. use of a mix of distance learning technologies to
bring about optimal learning outcomes
One Place, Same Time Face-to-face Classroom Teaching

Multiple Places, Same Time and Different Time

Anywhere, Anytime
Pure eLearning

Distance Learning Blended Learning

(Source: Maguire and Zhang, 2007)



Strategy 5. Focus on Application of Knowledge in Local Context

Support DMC to learn from others as well as to disseminate to others

Application of Knowledge into Local Contexts

Knowledge Dissemination from Local Experiences

ADB Knowledge Sharing Program Focus in 2011-12

Capture Core Capacity Gap Knowledge Demand Offer Matching Knowledge External Partnership Dissemination and Learning Impact on Capacity Sustainability Application to other DMCs

1. Framework Development
(for demand-driven KS)

2. Usable knowledge base (repository systems) 3. Window function to knowledge partners 4. Cost-effective high quality
dissemination/learning 5. Dialogue with donors to support model cases with impact and sustainability


1. Develop and Offer Model Framework for Demand-Driven

Knowledge Sharing to plan, design, deliver, and evaluate
(Tentative) Model Checklist
Capture Core Capacity Gap Knowledge Demand Offer Matching Knowledge External Partnership Dissemination and Learning Impact on Capacity Sustainability Application to other DMCs
Has it been identified by dialogue with DMC? Has Capacity Development been mainstreamed in CPS? Has it been derived from Capacity Development Plan in DMC? Has it been captured with details and diagnosed? Has existing relevant KPS been provided to DMC? Has KPS been developed by incorporating lessons leaned? Is partnership incentivized by core institutional mandates? Is partners expertise relevant to DMCs demand? Is it reaching critical mass in the target beneficiaries? Is it cost-effective without undermining quality in learning? Has Knowledge Sharing been designed to change key agents? Is impact measured as result-oriented? Can Knowledge Sharing be continued for sufficient time? Are local capacity developed to apply knowledge learnt? Can experience and lessons be applied to other contexts? Are experience and lessons known by other DMCs?

Focus in 2011-12


2. Develop Model Knowledge Base (Platform) Usable to KS Service ADBs project experiences include enormous research outputs, knowledge works, lessons learned -- which should be organized in way we can share them with other DMCs Development of repository systems by which ADB officers can search and introduce relevant cases to knowledge demand in DMCs substantially increase effectiveness in offering matching knowledge Model repository system development in collaboration with CoPs 18

Focus in 2011-12


3. Window functions to External Knowledge

Partners & Donors

Focus in 2011-12

Connect knowledge partners to DMCs thru. Regional Dept.s/CoPs Introduce knowledge demand in DMCs thru. Regional Dept.s/CoPs to partners Encourage quality improvement in knowledge supply by long-term relations Connect funding opportunities to support continuous CD thru knowledge sharing Model window function development (Korea KSP, etc.) 19

4. Cost-effective high quality learning programs

Focus in 2011-12

Support convert research outcomes to be developed as KS programs by instruction designing Propose and assist develop an appropriate blended learning format to scale up learning programs Advise means to develop local teaching capacities to sustain the efforts in learning




5. Extend dialogues with donors to support KS cases with impact and sustainability

Focus in 2011-12

Propose donors a framework to capture impact of KS on capacity development Develop model cases that have measurable impact and strategy for sustainability of capacity development Propose pilot funding from existing funding facilities to support those cases


Thank you for listening !

We strive for:

Connecting People Enabling Knowledge Leveraging Effort




Please provide your views and suggestions to:

Ryu Fukui, Adivisor and Head:

Dongxiang Li, Advisor:

Victor You, Principal KS and CD