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Chemistry420 Problemset#1 DueatthebeginningofclassSeptember15 Nolateassignmentswillbeaccepted. Noname,nograde. Showallofyourworkforeachanswer.PartialcreditwillbegivenandNOcreditwillbeawardedifno workisshown.Becarefultousecorrectsignificantfigures. 1. Lastseason,UniversityofIllinoisrunningbackRashardMendenhallhadrushingeffortsof: 33,139,150,214,76,160,67,85,189,201,88,124,and155yards.Calculatethemeanand standarddeviationofMendenhallsyardspergameperformance. 2. (Skoog110)Thedatainthetablebelowwereobtainedduringacolorimetricdetermination ofglucoseinbloodserum. Glucoseconcentration(mM) Absorbance,A 0.

A 0.0 0.0002 2.0 0.150 4.0 0.294 6.0 0.434 8.0 0.570 10.0 0.704 a. Assumingalinearrelationship,findtheleastsquaresestimatesoftheslopeand intercept. b. UseExceltofindthestandarddeviationsoftheslopeandintercepts.Whatisthe standarderroroftheestimate? c. Determinethe95%confidenceintervalsfortheslopeandintercept. d. Aserumsamplegaveanabsorbanceof0.350.Findtheglucoseconcentrationandits standarddeviation. 3. TheS/Nofasinglescanis1.87foragiven measurement.Assumingnoadditional sourcesofnoise,whatistheminimum numberofscansthatwouldneedtobe collectedandensembleaveragedinorderto achieveaS/Nofover30? 4. (Skoog511)Calculatetheimprovementin S/Ninprogressingfromthetopspectrumto thebottominFigure510(atright).Bywhat factoristheS/Nofthebottomspectrum improvedoverthemiddlespectrum? Skoog,Figure510

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(Skoog62)Calculatethefrequencyinhertz,theenergyinjoules,andtheenergyinelectron voltofanXrayphotonwithwavelengthof6.24. MemorialStadiumlikelyusedtoemployhighpressuremercurylampsfornightgames(it maystillevenaftertherenovation).Inthesebulbs,thethreenativeemissionlinesthatare easilypickedbythehumaneyeare435.8nm,546.1nm,and578.2nm.Whatisthe differenceinenergybetweenphotonsateachofthesewavelengths? SeveralyearsagoIllinoisandWisconsinplayedeachotherinaBigTenbasketballgamewith theIlliniwearingtheirorangeuniformsandtheBadgersdressedinred.WatchingonmyTV itwasdifficulttodistinguishbetweenthetwocolors.Toavoidthisunpleasantsituation,I wanttomakeaninterferencefilterformyscreenthatselectivelypassesphotonsofIllini orange(=603.7nm),whilefilteringouttheannoyingBadgerjerseys. a. Ifthefilteristobaseduponfirstorderinterference,whatshouldbethethicknessofthe dielectriclayer(refractiveindex=1.45)? b. Ifmyfabricationmethodrequiresdielectriclayersofgreaterthan1micron,whatisthe minimumorderofinterferencethatwouldsatisfymyfilteringneeds? c. Whatwouldbetheexactthicknessofthedielectriclayerfabricatedaccordingtopartb?

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8. (Skoog712)Foragrating,howmanylinespermillimeterwouldberequiredforthefirst orderdiffractionlinefor=400nmtobeobservedatareflectionangleof5owhenthe angleofincidenceis45o? (Skoog719)Amonochromatorwithafocallengthof0.78mwasequippedwithan echellettegratingof2500blazespermillimeter. a. Calculatethereciprocallineardispersionoftheinstrumentforfirstorderspectra. b. If2.0cmofthegratingwereilluminated,whatisthefirstorderresolvingpowerofthe monochromator? c. Atapproximately430nm,whatminimumwavelengthdifferencecouldintheorybe completelyresolvedbytheinstrument?

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