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JSPL Project, Anugul OATS, BBSR

PILE LOAD TEST (LATERAL LOAD TESTING)


Introduction: This test method covers procedures for testing vertical and batter piles either individually or in groups to determine the load-deflection relationship when subjected to lateral loading. It is applicable to all deep foundation units regardless of their size or method of installation. Testing Procedure: Load Test shall be performed when concrete has reached its required strength i.e. 28 days strength. The Pile head to be chipped off upto 300mm above Cut-off- Level. The test to be conducted at cut-off level. The test area within a radius of 20 ft (6 m) from the test pile or group shall be excavated or filled to the final grade elevation before testing the pile or pile group. Lateral test loads shall be applied at approximately pile cut-off elevation. Bearing plates shall be of adequate thickness to prevent bending under the applied load but shall not be less than 2 in. (50 mm) thick. Lateral loads shall be applied using one or more hydraulic cylinders equipped with spherical bearings. If two or more hydraulic cylinders are to be used to apply the test load, they shall be of the same piston diameter, connected to a common manifold and pressure gage, and operated by a single hydraulic pump.

Loading Procedures: Standard Loading Proceduresunless failure occurs first, apply and remove a total test load equal to 200 % of the proposed lateral design load of the pile or pile group as follows: Percentage of Design Load 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 170 180 190 200 Method Statement _ Pile Lateral Load test Load Duration, min -10 10 15 20 20 20 20 20 20 60 Page

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JSPL Project, Anugul OATS, BBSR 150 100 50 0 Loading shall be continued till one of the following occurs: a) Deflection of the pile head exceeds 12 mm. b) The applied load on the pile is twice the assumed lateral load capacity of the pile in case of a separate test pile and 1.5 times the rated capacity in the case of working pile. Procedures for Measuring Movements: Take required readings at each properly identified gage, scale, or reference point as nearly simultaneously as practicable. Clearly indicate and explain any adjustments made during the tests to the instrumentation or to the data recorded in the field. Also clearly explain any discontinuities in the data. Take and record readings of time, load, and movement immediately before and after the application of each load increment and the removal of each load decrement. Take and record additional readings at 5-min intervals between load increments and load decrements. While the total test load is applied, take and record readings at not less than 15-min intervals. Take and record readings 15 min and 30 min after the total load has been removed. If pile failure occurs, take the reading immediately before removing the first load decrement. Safety Precautions: All operations in connection with pile load testing should be carried out in such a manner so as to minimize, avoid, or eliminate the exposure of people to hazards. Following are examples of safety rules to be followed in addition to general safety requirements applicable to construction operations. Keep all work areas, walkways, and platforms clear of scrap, debris, and small tools, and accumulations of snow and ice, mud, grease, oil, or other slippery substances. All timbers and blocking and cribbing material shall be of quality material and be in good serviceable condition with flat surfaces and without rounded edges. Hydraulic cylinders shall be equipped with spherical bearing plates, shall be in complete and firm contact with the bearing surfaces, and shall be aligned so as to avoid eccentric loading. Reporting: Sl. No. Pile Gr. No. Pile Dia (mm) Area Pile length below Cut-off Level (m) Design Load (MT) (fixed head) Test Load (MT) Gross displacement (mm) 10 10 10 --

Plot the Load vs Gross Displacement curve, Load vs Time curve, Time vs Gross Displacement Curve. The field load displacement data signed by site engineer for initial lateral test has to be attached. According to IS 2911 (part-IV) clause 7.4, the safe pile capacity should be least of the following a) Fifty percent of the final load at which the total displacement increases to 12 mm. b) Final load at which the total displacement corresponds to 5 mm. c) Load corresponding to any other specified displacement as per performance requirements.

Method Statement _ Pile Lateral Load test

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