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PRE - I N T E R M E D I ATE

1 December 2010

UNIT 8

Planning

UNIT 12

Products

Starting up
Does the weather become either very hot or very cold in your country? What problems can this cause with the power supply? (For example, when people need extra heating or extra air conditioning?) Are these words usually connected to hot or cold weather? scorching sub-zero blizzard heat wave chilly boiling

Vocabulary 1
Match the words from the text (underlined) to their meaning 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 turmoil wholesale therm strain interconnector analyst spooked peak vital cold snap A B C D E F G H I J business-to-business sales confusion essential expert frightened maximum measure of energy use connection between different gas suppliers problem of high demand short period of cold weather

Vocabulary 2
Put the words from the box in the correct places in the text. importing cause rise term reserve compared climbed weeks

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PRE - I N T E R M E D I ATE

1 December 2010

UNIT 8

Planning

UNIT 12

Products

Big freeze causes jump in power prices


FT Correspondent
Britains winter freeze has combined with temporary supply problems from Europe to (1) .turmoil on the wholesale energy market, with the price of electricity for day ahead delivery jumping by almost 30 per cent overnight. The UK power day ahead price stood at 71.25 per megawatt hour on Wednesday, (2). with 55 on Tuesday, as sub-zero temperatures set in. Wholesale gas prices also (3) over the same 24-hour period, rising from 56p to 62p per therm, marking an increase of 36 per cent over the last month. The simultaneous arrival of winter weather in countries across Europe placed severe strain on the system of interconnectors designed to supply gas across national boundaries. All of the UKs gas imports from Belgium via the Bacton interconnector ceased at 6am on Wednesday and only the timely arrival of supplies from Norway prevented a temporary shortage. Meanwhile, sub-zero temperatures in France, where about a third of households rely on electricity for heating, caused a sudden (4) the countrys demand for power. This was partially served by imports from the UK, with the interconnector joining the two nations being used at its full capacity of 2,000 megawatts on Wednesday. Rebecca Seabury, an analyst at Inenco, an energy consultancy, said the UKs temporary difficulties with (5) gas from the continent had spooked the market during a period of peak heating demand as the population come back to their homes and switch on the heating. On the electricity side, the output from the UKs nuclear power stations is lower than usual because of routine refuelling and maintenance, leading to greater calls on gas and coal fired plants. Britain relies for vital back-up on the Rough gas storage facility, located beneath the North Sea. Its supplies were first called upon two (6) ago and are now about 17 per cent below the level recorded at the same time last year. Ideally, the Rough facility should be holding as much in (7) .as possible for use later this month and in January. Instead, this premature rundown of the UKs only long range gas storage capacity raises the possibility of future worries over supply. If the cold snap holds, then it will likely result in the Rough gas storage facility continuing to run at full capacity, encouraging flows in the short (8).. as opposed to holding the gas to the New Year, said Ms Seabury.

From the Financial Times

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Pearson Education Limited 2010

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MARKET LEADER Premier Website


PRE - I N T E R M E D I ATE

1 December 2010

UNIT 8

Planning

UNIT 12

Products

Reading Comprehension
Read the text and find the answers to these questions. 1 What has caused problems for the wholesale energy market? 2 How much was the increase in wholesale gas prices per therm? 3 At what time on Wednesday did the imported gas from Belgium stop? 4 What percentage of households in France use electricity for their heating? 5 Where is the Rough gas storage facility located? 6 What will happen if the Rough facility continues to run at full capacity?

Grammar
Choose the correct words in italics to complete the sentences in the past simple or the present perfect simple. 1 We have used / used a lot of electricity since last month. 2 The price of gas has risen / rose by 15% over the last year. 3 There were / have been problems with fuel supply in Europe throughout last winter. 4 The temperature hasfallen / fell recently. 5 The weather has been / was bad from the beginning of November until February. 6 They didnt deliver / havent delivered supplies to the shops until Thursday.

Discuss
What sort of plans can a government or a company take to prepare for energy shortages?

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Pearson Education Limited 2010

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MARKET LEADER Premier Website


PRE - I N T E R M E D I ATE

1 December 2010

UNIT 8

Planning

UNIT 12

Products

KEY
Starting up
Cold weather: sub-zero / blizzard / chilly Hot weather: scorching / heat wave / boiling

Vocabulary 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 B A G I H D E F C J

Vocabulary 2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Cause Compared Climbed Rise Importing Weeks Reserve term

Reading Comprehension
1 2 3 4 5 6 Britains winter freeze 6p 6am 33% Beneath the North Sea There could be supply problems in the future.

Grammar
1 2 3 4 5 6 have used hasrisen were has fallen was didnt deliver

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