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INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON WETLANDS AND SUSTAINABILITY 2007

THE INFLUENCE OF SALINITY AND MONSOON TO ZOOPLANKTON


BIODIVERSITY OF A COASTAL WETLAND: AN IMPORTANT PARAMETER IN
WETLAND MANAGEMENT

1
zaleha, K And 2bibi Shahida Ahmad Sharifuddin
zaleha@kustem.edu.my
Abstract
Zooplankton is one of the most important group of secondary consumer that links the
primary producer to the upper trophic level such as fishes and crustaceans in coastal
ecosystem. Their diverse communities may serve as food sources for different
marine commercial species that enter coastal wetland during high tide. Zooplankton
community in a coastal wetland was studied to understand the changes of species
diversity, richness and evenness in relation to the salinity and monsoonal changes in
the area. Monthly sampling was carried out during a post- (February to April), pre-
(June to August) and monsoon season (October to December) in 2004 in a lagoon
system, Setiu, Terengganu, facing the South China Sea. Triplicates of zooplankton
samples were collected by vertically hauled of a Kitahara zooplankton net from a
boat at fixed stations in the lagoon. Salinity range was 20 – 34ppt, 27 – 34ppt and 0
– 20ppt during the post-, pre- and monsoon season respectively. Shannon weiner
diversity index, H’ increased significantly towards the lagoon opening that meets the
South China Sea during all seasons in relation to the increase in salinity. Species
diversity was highest during the post-monsoon (H’= 2.06) while it was moderately
low (H’ ranged between 1.48 and 1.99) in other seasons. Changes in monsoon help
the renewal of environment condition that further enhances the secondary
productivity of the wetland as shown by the high abundance of nauplii and copepodid
of planktonic copepods. The dependence of the biological entity such as zooplankton
biodiversity to the salinity and monsoon season is found as an important parameter
to be considered in the coastal wetland management plan as to restore the natural
resources and aquatic food-webs in the wetland.

Keywords:
1
INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AQUACULTURE KOLEJ UNIVERSITI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA, 21030,
MENGABANG TELIPOT, KUALA TERENGGANU, TERENGGANU.Tel: 09 6683235
2
IIUM ENVIROTECH SDN. BHD. LEVEL 3, RESEARCH CENTRE BUILDING, INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC
UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA, JLN. GOMBAK, 53100, KUALA LUMPUR.
INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON WETLANDS AND SUSTAINABILITY 2007

1
INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AQUACULTURE KOLEJ UNIVERSITI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA, 21030,
MENGABANG TELIPOT, KUALA TERENGGANU, TERENGGANU.Tel: 09 6683235
2
IIUM ENVIROTECH SDN. BHD. LEVEL 3, RESEARCH CENTRE BUILDING, INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC
UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA, JLN. GOMBAK, 53100, KUALA LUMPUR.

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