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COMPUTATION FOR ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESS Wastewater Flow rate : So c Y kd = = = = 600 5 0.6 0.06 = 0.

25 50 m3/hr =
3 1000 m /day

BOD5 influent Mean Cell Residence Time (set, usually 5 - 15 days) Yield Coefficient (assume) Decay Constant; assume, Range = 0.04 - 0.075 d-1, Typical = 0.06 0.75 (Assume Ratio) Food to Microorganism Ratio, range = 0.05 to 1.0

MLVSS/MLSS F/M =

MLVSS =

4000 mg/L

Computation of Effluent BOD5 : Assume Biological Solids in Effluent : 30 mg/L 65% is biodegradable Biodegradable Portion of Effluent Biological Solids: 19.5 mg/L BOD L of cells = 1.42 (Biodegradable Portion of Effluent Biological Soild) = 27.69 mg/L

Degradable Fraction of Volatile Suspended Solids (VSS) BOD 5 of VSS in Effluent = 19.383 1 UY 0.225 1.925926 mg/L 21.30893 mg/L mg/L (1/ c + k d )

0.7

Substrate Concentration, S (F/M)E 100

U = Substrate Utilization Rate

U = Therefore,

= S = =

E = Process Efficiency, 90-95 percent

Total Effluent BOD5

Computation of Aerator Tank Volume

V =

cQY (So-S) X(1+kdc)

345.0427 m3

Compute for Hydraulic Detention Time: = V Q = 0.345043 day = 8.28102564 hours

Quantity Of Sludge That Must Be Wasted Each Day Px = YobsQ(So-S)


P x : net waste activated sludge produced each day, kg VSS/day Y obs : observed yield, g/g = Y 1+k d c = 0.4615385 mg/mg

Px =

276.03 kg VSS/day

based on Total Suspended Solids: Px (SS) = 368.05 kg/day

Compute Sludge Wasting Rate: a. if wasting is accomplished from the aeration tank: Qwa = V c 69.00855 m /day
3

b. if wasting is done from the sludge return line: VX Qwr = cXr =


3 86.2747 m /day

Oxygen Requirement kg O2/day = Q(So - S) f 1 kg 1000 g - 1.42 Px

= F/M =

462.423 kg O2/day 0.434729

Volume of Air Required, assume air contains, 23.2% O2 by weight Theo. Air Rate =
3 1659.619 m /day

Determine Actual Air Requirement assuming 8% oxygen transfer efficiency: = = Design Air Requirement = 20745.24 m /day 14.40642 m /min 28.81283 m /min
3 3 3

34.6042106 kg/min

Power required to meet oxygen requirement requirement, assume transfer rate is 0.8 kg O 2/kW h = 24.08453 kW

75 d-1, Typical = 0.06

Utilization Rate

ficiency, 90-95 percent

e is 0.8 kg O 2/kW h

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