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2004 Intemtioml Conference on Solid Dielecaics, Toulouse, France, July 5-9, 2004

Partial Discharge Measurement in XLPE Cable Joint by Using VHF Sensor

Xin Li, Chengrong Li, Wei Wang, Bin Wei, Weijiang Wan School of Electrical Engineering North China Electrical Power University Beijing, 102206, P. R. China Abstract: Based on the electromagnetic coupling method, a new kind of clamp current sensor was designed to detect partial discharges (PD) in XLPE cable joint. The sensor is a Rogowski coil with a non-crystal core, its bandwidth is located in very high frequency band (VHF) from lMHz to 60MHz. Our test results both in our laboratory and on-site measurement indicated that the sensor is suitable for PD on-site testing and on-line monitoring in XLPE cablejoint. joint without changing the configuration of accessories. Moreover, it is very simple to install clamp-form sensors on the two sides of the cable joint or on the cable terminals, or on the grounding wires of cables. The measuring circuit used in this technology has no direct electric connection with the power cables, by which power cables not only operate in safety, but also produce a low noise level to the measuring system. Therefore, the VHF metbod has advantages of portable, convenienceand d e t y

Key word VHF sensor; clamp current sensor; XLPE

cablesjoint; partial discharge measuring





In recent years, XLPE power cables have been used on transmission lines and distribution net. According to statistics, more than 500,000 km long XLPE cable has been used in the world. Hence, it is important to keep power cables and accessories in safe for reliable power. Partial discharge in XLPE cables not only induces electrical tree in cable insulation, degrades insulation, but also causes a failure in cable joint. Therefore, PD on-site detection is very necessary for finding out hidden faults on time. Generally, the conventional PD measurement is in low frequency, and has not an effectiveability of anti-noise in the field. As a result, the conventional PD measurement is difficult to be used for on-line detection. As a result, the width of PD pulse in XLPE cables is found to be about Ins lOns[l], which has a wide frequency spectrum up to several hundreds MHz. Therefore, it becomes possible to prevent it kom external interference with very high frequency (VHF).

Aiming at on-line detection of llOkV XLPE cables and cable joint, VHF band ranging from lMHz to 60MHz is adopted to improve the anti-noise ability and the signal-to-noise ratio. Our laboratory results indicate that it is feasible to detect XLPE-cable PD by use of VHF band.

Fig. 1 The configuration of the current sensor The magnetic core of the sensor adopted on high frequency band is made of nickel steel amorphous body material with high ratio of magnetic inductivity, which is able to bear grind and erosion. The core consists of two half rings twisted by winding in series with one integral resistance, which is put into two-half-loop metal shielding box. With one rotating axis and one fixed bolt on the end, the two half ring boxes could be integrated or separated freely. Figure 1 shows the true configuration of the sensor. According to the external diameter size of the 1lOkV XLPE cables, the magnetic core with 114-mm internal diameter is suitable. This makes it very convenient to install the sensor on the cable, shown on fig. 2.

At present, PD detecting methods used in the XLPE cable joint mainly include difference [2], direction coupling [3], distributing voltage capacitance [4] and high-frequency capacitance IS]. Most of them request to put measuring units or sensors into accessories of cables, or to change their configuration when laying cables. However, it is not convenient for the cables t a have been in operation. ht Compared with mentioned above, electromagnetic coupling method using clamp-form VHF sensor is very suitable for on-line PD detection in XLPE cable
0-7803-8348-6/04/S20.00 02004 IEEE.

Authorized licensed use limited to: Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Downloaded on May 10, 2009 at 21:33 from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

Fig. 2 the V H F current sensor on the cable

Once PD happens in insulation and cable joint, the current pulses would flow along the cable shielding layer. While current passes through the sensor, the secondary winding of the sensor can induce current a pulses so that the sensor finally c n detect PD signals. Fig. 3 shows the measuring principal of the sensor, in which M is a mutual inductance of the winding, is a self inductance of the winding, and RS is an equivalent resistance, Cs is an equivalent scattering capacitance, and R is an integral resistance.

cable through a high voltage capacitor. The conventional PD measuring system contains one lOOOpF capacitor, one impedance box and one DST-4 PD detector. The PD source used in the tests was a standard needle-plate model. To make a better comparison, the PD data were put into the oscilloscope so that two measurement data could be shown at the m e time. The typical PD signals are shown in figure 6. From Fig. 6, it i clear that the signals b m VHF s sensor are a consistent with the signals from the conventional sensor according to IEC60270.

Fig. 5 the connection of the experiment


Fig. 3 sensor configure & equivalent circuit The amplitude -frequency response characteristic of the sensor is shown in figure 4, indicating that the frequency band is between lMHZ and 60MHz.

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Fig. 6 (A) signal detected by conventional PD detectoi

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Fig. 4 amplitude-frequencycharacteristic of the sensor LABORATORY EXPERIMENT In order to compare with 1EC60270 method, we did

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our PD tests by using the VHF clampfom sensor and

the conventional sensor in our laboratory. The experimental circuit is shown i figure 5 . n The sensors were installed on the anti-corona IlOkV XLPE-cable with stress cone on the two ends. The VHF sensor was located in the middle of our 2 m long cable. The VHF detecting system comprises one VHF clamp-form current sensor, one preamplifier with the bandwidth kom lMHz to lOOMHz (35dB) and one DL1540L digital oscilloscope with four input channels. The conventional sensor was located in the end of the

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Fig. 6(B) signal detected by the VHF current sensor

ON-SITE TESTING Measurement of Partial Discharge

In order to confirm our VHF clamp-form sensor ability in detecting PD in cable joint, the on-site measurement was carried on at one underground llOkV cable power

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line, as shown in Fig. 7. We installed our W O VHF sensors on the two sides of the oil insulated and extruded 110 kV cable joints for PD signal acquisition. The measuring system included the VHF clampform current sensor, one preamplifier and one DL1540L digital oscilloscope and one laptop computer. The data acquired by the oscilloscope were put into the laptop to be stored through GPIB card. Thus it is convenient to deal with data processing later. We tested 21 cable joints and found that PD only could be detected in three of the cable joints. The typical on-site PD pulses from VHF sensors are shown in Fig. 8. These signals are all in the range O-900r 180-2700f power frequency. Therefore, we believe that the VHF clampform sensor is suitable for the on-site PD measurement in cable joints.

information of the PD signals we got from the field. It is very convenient to get PD and AC phase signals at the same time without any electrical connection with the detected power cable on-site by using our on-site PD detecting system in cable joints.

(1) Our developed VHF clampform sensors are very convenient to be installed on-site testing for cable joints. VHF sensors with clampform have no need of changing the structure of cable and its accessories. (2) Our tested results from the Laboratory and the field indicate that VHF sensors with clampform could measured PD occurred in power cable joints. The method has advantages of portable, safety and anti-noise. (3) It is also indicated from the on-site testing that the background noise level in the field is very high, which decreases the measuring sensitivity of the VHF sensor.

[l] Shim, et al. Digital signal processing applied to the detection of partial discharge. An overview [J]. IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, 2000,16(3) [2] Ginzo Katsuta, et al. Development of a method partial discharge detection in extra-higb voltage cross-linked polyethylene insulated cable lines. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 7,No.3,1992 131 D. Wenzel, et al. Recognition of partial discharges on Power Units by Directional coupling. The 9" ISH, 1995 [4] Th. Heizmann, et al. On-site partial discharge measurements on premoulded cross-bonding joints of 170kV XLPE and EPR cables. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 13, No.2, 1998 [5] Xu Yang, et al. UHF partial discharge detection in cable and cable accessories, Advanced Technology ofElectrical Engineering and Energy, Vol. 21, No.1, 2002 [6] H. Borsi, et al. Monitoring of Partial discharges (PD) in high voltage cables. The 8" ISH, 1993 [7l N.H.Ahmed, et al. On-line partial discharge detection in cables. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 1998, Vol. 5, No.2

Fig. 7 1lOkV XLPE -cable measuring setup for on-site




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Time sldiv
Fig. 8 VHF PD signals detected on site Acquisition of Power Frequency In addition to VHF signal, the phase information of power-frequency signal should be acquired for anti-noise processing and data processing, such as characteristic statistics and pattern identification. In order to get the AC signals from the power cables, we put a small sensor into the VHF box. The frequency band of this small AC sensor w s focused a on 50 Hz. By this sensor, we could obtain the phase

Author mail address: D .Cheng Rong Li r High Voltage & EMC Laboratory School of Electrical Engineering Nortb China Electric Power University Dewai, Zhuxinzhuang, Beijing, I02206 P.R.China

Authorized licensed use limited to: Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Downloaded on May 10, 2009 at 21:33 from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.