Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 768

1

32.973.26-018.2.75
40
681.3.07

..
. ..
..

:
info@williamspublishing.com, http://www.williamspublishing.com
115419, , / 783; 03150, , / 152
, .
40

AutoCAD. : . . . : , 2006.
768 . : . . . .
ISBN 5-8459-0931-7 (.)

, Autodesk,
,
AutoCAD 2004/2005/2006. , .
, ,
, . AutoLISP, Visual Basic for Applications (VBA), Visual LISP
DIESEL, AutoCAD.
AutoCAD
, .
32.973.26-018.2.75

.

, ,
,
Autodesk Press.
Authorized translation from the English language edition published by Delmar Learning, a division of
Thomson Learning, Inc. Copyright 2004
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage retrieval system,
without permission from the Publisher.
Russian language edition is published by Williams Publishing House according to the Agreement with R&I
Enterprises International, Copyright 2006.

ISBN 5-8459-0931-7 (.)


ISBN 1-4018-5135-5 (.)

, 2006
Delmar Learning, 2004

1.

16
21

2.

53

3.

97

4. ACAD.PGP

143

5. ,

157

6.

207

7.

223

8.

241

9.

265

10. AutoCAD

313

11.

369

12. AutoLISP

403

13. Visual LISP

459

14. Visual LISP:

497

15.
Dialog Control Language

515

16. DIESEL:

567

17. Visual Basic

585

18.

619

19.

645

. AutoCAD

666

. AutoCAD

669

. AutoCAD

704

763

16

1.

21
22
22
28
29
35
39
42

2.
?





AutoCAD







3.







LTSCALE

(CELTSCALE)




53
54
57
64
65
66
66
67
78
78
78
79
82
84
88
89
97
98
98
98
98
99
100
105
106
109
110
111
112
115
115
120

124
124
125
125
127
128
129
130
132
133
138
138

4. ACAD.PGP

143
144
151
151
151
152
154

AutoCAD
ACAD.PGP



ACAD.PGP

5. ,

AutoCAD


157
158
159
159
167
169
169
175
178
179
179
180
180
180
180
184
184
184
189
190
191
191
196
196
199
200

6.

7.










8.








9.





201
201
201
202
207
208
209
209
209
210
210
211
216
217
218
218
223
224
224
228
231
231
232
232
232
233
233
236
241
242
243
244
245
247
249
250
253
254
265
266
270
272
272
273
274





MENUECHO




,
AutoLISP
DIESEL

280
294
296
297
298
298
299
299
301
303
303
304

10. AutoCAD

313
314
330
330
331
331
332
332
332
337
341
341
344
345
350
351
354
355
355
356
357
357
360
360
361

AutoCAD






1

2
3
4











11.

369
370
370
370
370
371
374
375
389
389

10

12. AutoLISP
AutoLISP






(sin)
(cos)
(atan)
angtos







defun, setq, getpoint Command
defun
setq
getpoint
Command
AutoLISP
Load
Loaded Applications
History List
Add to History
Unload
Remove
Startup Suit
getcorner, getdist setvar
getcorner
getdist
setvar
list
car, cdr cadr
car
cdr
cadr

390
391
403
404
405
405
405
406
406
406
406
407
407
407
407
407
408
408
409
409
409
410
410
410
411
411
411
412
413
413
417
418
418
418
418
418
418
418
420
420
420
421
423
424
424
424
424

11

graphscr, textscr, princ terpri


graphscr
textscr
princ
terpri
getangle getorient
getangle
getorient
getint, getreal, getstring getvar
getint
getreal
getstring
getvar
polar sqrt
polar
sqrt
itoa, rtos, strcase prompt
itoa
rtos
strcase
prompt

-

if
progn
while
repeat

425
425
425
425
426
430
430
431
432
432
433
433
433
434
434
434
437
437
437
438
438
441
442
443
444
448
448
451

13. Visual LISP

459
460
460
465
469
471
473
477
488
489

Visual LISP
Visual LISP
Visual LISP
Visual LISP
Visual LISP

AutoLISP

, Visual LISP

14. Visual LISP:



ssget
ssget "X"
ssget "X"
sslength
ssname
ssadd
ssdel

497
498
498
500
501
502
502
503
503

12

entget
assoc
cons
subst
entmod

,
entnext
entlast
entsel

15.
Dialog Control Language







key, label is_default
key
label
is_default
fixed_width alignment
fixed_width
alignment
DCL

AutoLISP DCL

AutoLISP
load_dialog
unload_dialog
new_dialog
start_dialog
done_dialog
action_tile
AutoLISP

( row)

504
504
504
505
505
506
508
508
508
508
515
516
516
517
519
519
519
519
519
520
521
521
521
522
522
522
523
524
525
527
527
528
528
528
528
529
529
529
529
532
532
532
532
532
532
532

13


AutoLISP
logand logior
atof rtos
get_tile set_tile
,





width edit_width
width
edit_width

min_value, max_value, small_increment big_increment


aspect_ratio color
AutoLISP
dimx_tile dimy_tile
vector_image
fill_image
start_image
end_image
$value

533
537
537
538
538
541
541
541
541
542
548
548
548
548
552
552
552
552
553
556
556
556
557
557
557
558

16. DIESEL:

567
568
568
569
570
571
574
575
576
577
577
578
578
578
578
580
580
580
581
581
581

DIESEL:

MODEMACRO

, DIESEL
MODEMACRO AutoLISP
DIESEL
MACROTRACE
DIESEL





eq
angtos
eval
fix
getvar
rtos

14

if
strlen
upper
edtime

17. Visual Basic


Visual Basic
Visual Basic
VBA AutoCAD
Visual Basic Editor
Visual Basic



Add
AddCircle
AddLine
AddArc
AddText

VBA
,
GetPoint
GetDistance
GetAngle
PolarPoint AngleFromXAxis
PolarPoint
AngleFromXAxis

18.




AutoCAD

DBCONNECT MANAGER

Read-only ( )
Edit ()







581
582
582
582
585
586
586
587
587
590
590
591
591
592
592
593
594
594
595
596
600
600
601
601
606
606
607
612
619
620
620
620
620
621
622
622
624
625
625
626
629
629
630
630
631
633
633

15

(ASE)
AutoCAD
Quick Query
Range Query
Query Builder
SQL Query
SQL



ASE AutoCAD 2000

AutoCAD 2004/2006 R13/R14

634
635
635
635
635
636
639
639
640
640
640
640
640

19.

,







ang(v)
ang(1,2)
ang(apex,p1,p2)
ang(apex,p1,p2,)


AutoLISP


645
646
646
646
647
647
648
649
650
652
652
653
653
654
654
655
658
659
660
661

. AutoCAD

666

. AutoCAD

669

. AutoCAD

704

763

642
643


AutoCAD, Autodesk, . AutoCAD, , 2,1 80 . 2000
AutoCAD 78 , .
, AutoCAD , ,
. ,
SMLayout ,

, , , ,
.
, . , AutoCAD
, ,
.
,
AutoCAD 2004/2005/2006. .
,
AutoCAD. , , , , ,
, , AutoLISP,
, ,
DCL,
DIESEL (ACAD.PGP). ,
AutoCAD, .
, AutoCAD .
.
AutoCAD, , .
, . , .
, .
, , . ,
AutoLISP, , , , -

17

. , ,
,
, , . :
, ,
. ,
, AutoLISP. , ,
, .
.

1,
, .
, , (.. ) ().

2,
AutoCAD, .

, .

3,
, (acad.lin). .

4, ACAD.PGP

(acad.pgp) AutoCAD.

5, ,

,
. . , , .

6,
. ,
, .

18

7,
, , AutoCAD - .

8,

. ,
, , AutoCAD .

9,
, ,
.

10, AutoCAD

AutoCAD (acad.mnu).
.

11,
,
AutoCAD, . ,
.

12, AutoLISP
AutoLISP
.
.

13, Visual LISP


Visual LISP
AutoCAD , ,
, Visual LISP, Visual LISP.

14, Visual LISP:


AutoLISP, .

15,
Dialog Control Language
(DCL Dialog
Control Language) -

19

. , AutoLISP.

16, DIESEL:
DIESEL,
, MODEMACRO.

17, Visual Basic


VBA (Visual Basic for Application), VBA, Visual Basic, AutoCAD ,
AutoCAD.

18,
, AutoCAD ( ).
.

19,
Geometry Calculator ADS, . ,
. ,
AutoCAD (, MID, CEN, END ..).

Web-
-
stickoo@calumet.purdue.edu,
Web-,
:
1. , ,
.
2. , , .


, , , , Web-
www.cadcim.com http://technology.calumet.purdue.edu/met/tickoo/students/
students.htm.

20

,
.
,
, .

- (. ),
.
(Deepak Maini), (Abhinav Rai), (Saket
Singhal), (Puja Manchanda), (Gurpreet Singh)
.
(Manash Chatterjee)
(Ashvin Ambalia), (Anupama Sharma)
.

!
, , .
, , .
, .
.
Web- . , ,
, ,
.
, ,
. .
:
info@williamspublishing.com
E-mail:
http://www.williamspublishing.com
WWW:
:
: 115419, , / 783
: 03150, , / 152


, :
;
,
;
;
,
;
, ,
.

22


AutoCAD ,
,
. , , .
AutoCAD , . , (0.0, 0.0) (12.0, 9.0), 0 (
), . ,
AutoCAD
. , , , ,
, , , ,
, .
.
.
, , , , , , LTSCALE
. , , ,
, . , ,
.
,
, , , , , ,
(, ).


AutoCAD , Acad.dwt, Acadiso.dwt, Ansi a (portrait) -color dependent plot styles.dwt,
Din a1 -named plot styles.dwt . ANSI, DIN ISO
,
(ANSI American National Standards Institute), DIN ()
(ISO International Organization
for Standardization). ,
Startup ( ), Create New Drawing
( ). - ,
Use a Template ( ) . , . , ,
Create New Drawing Start from Scratch
( ). , , :



CHAMFERA
CHAMFERB
COLOR
DIMALT
DIMALTD
DIMALTF
DIMPOST
DIMASO
DIMASZ
FILLETRAD
GRID
GRIDMODE
ISOPLANE
LIMMIN
LIMMAX
LTSCALE
MIRRTEXT
TILEMODE

23


0.500
0.500
ByLayer
Off
2
25.4
None
On
0.18
0.500
0.500
0
Left
0.0000,0.0000
12.000,9.0000
1.0
1 (
, )
1 (On)

1
Advanced Setup ( ), Create New Drawing (
).
proto1.dwr.

0'-0.00"
0

14496

1
Options (), Tools Options
(), System () Show
Startup dialog box ( ) Startup
( ). Create New Drawing,
FileNew (). Use a Wizard ( )
Advanced Setup ( ), . 1.1. . Units () Advanced Setup.

2
Select the unit of measurement ( ) Engineering (). Precision ()
0'-0.00", . 1.2, Next
(). Advanced Setup,
Angle ().

24

. 1.1. Create New Drawing Advanced Setup

. 1.2. Units Advanced Setup

3
Angle Decimal Degrees ( ), Precision () 0,
. 1.3. Next ().
Advanced Setup, Angle Measure ( ).

4
Angle Measure East ().
Angle Direction ( ), Next ().

25

. 1.3. Angle Advanced Setup

5
Counter-Clockwise ( )
Next (). Area ( ).
(14496 ), 144 96 Width
() Length (). Finish (). , ZOOM All.
, proto1.dwt.

, Quick Setup ( ) Create


New Drawing ( ).

2
c , ,
proto2.dwt.

18.0, 12.0

0.25

0.50

0.125

( )



X ()
,

26

1:
AutoCAD Start from Scratch (
) Create New Drawing ( ).
Default Settings ( ) Imperial (feet and
inches) ( ( )), . 1.4. ,
OK.

. 1.4. Create New Drawing Start from Scratch

2: , ,
LIMITS (). Drawing Limits
( ) Format () LIMITS :
Command: LIMITS
Specify lower left corner or [ON/OFF] <0.00,0.00>: 0,0
Specify upper right corner <12.0,9.0>: 18.0,12.0

: LIMITS
[/] <0.00,0.00>: 0,0
<12.0,9.0>: 18.0,12.0

, , , . , ZOOM () All ().


Snap () Grid (), , Settings
(). Drafting Settings ( ). , Drafting Settings , Object Snap Settings ( ),
Object Snap ( ). Snap and Grid
( ). 0.25 0.25 Snap X spacing ( X) Snap Y spacing ( Y), .
0.5 0.5 Grid X spacing ( X) Grid Y spacing (
Y), OK.

27

SNAP GRID.

, TEXTSIZE :
Command: TEXTSIZE
Enter new value for TEXTSIZE <0.2000>: 0.125

: TEXTSIZE
TEXTSIZE <0.2000>: 0.125

3:
Drawing Units ( ),
. 1.5. FormatUnits ()
UNITS . 0.000
Precision (), Length ( ).
Decimal Degrees ( ) Type () 0.00 Precision (),
Angle (). , Clockwise
( ), Angle.

. 1.5. Drawing Units

Direction Control ( ),
Direction (), East () (. 1.6).
.

4
proto2.dwt, SAVE
(). AutoCAD Drawing Template (*dwt) (
AutoCAD (*.dwt)) Files of type ( ), Save Drawing As (), proto2.dwt File name ( ) Save ().

28

, .
Save Drawing As, , A B.

. 1.6. Direction Control


.
AutoCAD QNEW (),
Standard ().
, , Options (). Startup
( ) Show Startup dialog box, AutoCAD
Create New Drawing ( ).
Use a Template ( ). Select a Template
( ) , Templates
(. 1.7). , Browse
(). Select a template file ( ), , .

. 1.7. , Templates

29

Show Startup dialog box - ,


QNew Select Template (
), . 1.8.
, Templates. , .

. 1.8. Select template,

, proto1.dwt.
AutoCAD , , proto1.dwt.
,
(, PROTOB, 1812
, PROTOC, 2418 ).

. FILEDIA 0, QNEW. ,
.


, . ,
. ,
, , .
. -

30

, , .

3
proto3.dwt
, (. 1.9).

. 1.9. 3

48.0,36.0
0.25
0.012"
4.0

4.0

0
OBJ
CEN
HID
DIM
BOR

Continuous ()
Continuous ()
Center ()
Hidden ()
Continuous ()
Continuous ()

White ()
Red ()
Yellow ()
Blue ()
Green ()
Magenta ()

31

1: , ,

, , .
Create New Drawings ( )
Start from Scratch ( ). .
(. 1.9). , , ,
1 (1.0 ) . 0.012".
3, :
1. LIMITS, Drawing Limits ( )
Format () LIMITS . :
Command: LIMITS
Specify lower left corner or [ON/OFF] <0.00,0.00>: 0,0
Specify upper right corner <12.0,9.0>: 48.0,36.0

: LIMITS
[./.] <0.00,0.00>: 0,0
<12.0,9.0>: 48.0,36.0

2. , , ZOOM
All.
3. , TEXTSIZE .
Command: TEXTSIZE
Enter new value for TEXTSIZE <0.2000>: 0.25

: TEXTSIZE
TEXTSIZE <0.2000>: 0.25

4. , RECTANG. :
Command: RECTANG
Specify first corner point or
[Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]: 1.0,1.0
Specify other corner point or [Dimensions]: 47.0,35.0

: RECTANG

[////]: 1.0,1.0
[]: 47.0,35.0

5. 0.012" Lineweight Control ( ), Properties (). ,


Show/Hide Lineweight (/ ),
.

32

6. ,
LTSCALE .
Command: LTSCALE
Enter new linetype scale factor <current>: 4.0

: LTSCALE
<>: 4.0

2: ,

Dimension Style Manager ( ), . 1.10.
, Dimension Style (
), Dimension (),
Style () Dimension ().

. 1.10. Dimension Style Manager

, DIMSTYLE
. New (), Dimension Style Manager. Create New
Dimension Style ( ).
MYDIM1, New Style Name ( ),
Continue () (. 1.11).
New Dimension Style:MYDIM1 ( :MYDIM1).


, Fit
() New Dimension Style:MYDIM1. 4
Use overal scale of ( ), Scale for
Dimension Features ( ) (. 1.12).

33

. 1.11. Create New Dimension Style

. 1.12. Fit New Dimension Style:MYDIM1


Text () New Dimension Style ( ) Over the dimension line, with a leader (
), Text Placement ( ).


Aligned with the dimension line ( ),
Text () Text Alignment ( ). New Dimension Style ( ),
.


, MYDIM1, Styles
() Dimension Style Manager ( ).
, , Set Current (). , Close
().

34

3:
Layer Properties Manager ( ), Layer Properties Manager ( ),
Layers (), Layer () Format ()
(. 1.13).

. 1.13. Layer Properties Manager

, Layer Properties
Manager. LAYER .
New (),
Layer Properties Manager, Layer1, OBJ.
Select Color ( ), OBJ, (red) OK; OBJ. , New,
, Layer1 CEN. Select
Linetype ( ),
.
, .
Load or Reload Linetypes ( ), Load (). CENTER Available Linetypes (
) OK. Select Color (
), (yellow) OK;
CEN. , .

(, ).
-LAYER.

4:

.
proto3.dwt. , (PROTO3),
, 3.

35


( )
()
() . , , , , . -,
, .
. - .

4
, . 1.14. (3)
, , , . 10,58 . 0,5 1/2"=1".
:

1, -1, 1
0, 0, 1
1, 0, 0
0, -1,0

. 1.14.

36

AutoCAD . , .

1
, LAYOUT.
, Model ()
Layout (), New Layout ( ).
Command: LAYOUT
Enter layout option
[Copy/Delete/New/Template/Rename/SAveas/Set/?] <set>: N
Enter new Layout name <Layout3>: Layout3

: LAYOUT

[/////
//?] <>: N
<Layout3>: Layout3

2
Page Setup - Layout3 ( - 3),
(Layout3). Plot
Device ( ). , . HP LaserJet 4000.

3
Layout Settings ( ) , .
8,511 . , . (Layout3)
, . , ERASE
.

4
VIEW, , . Layer Properties Manager
( ). New (),
Layer1, VIEW. Select
Color ( ), VIEW, (green) OK; VIEW.
, , OK.

5
, MVIEW. Viewports4Viewports ( 4
) View () MVIEW .
, ,
.

37

Command: MVIEW
Specify corner of viewport or
[ON/OFF/Fit/Hideplot/Lock/Object/Polygonal/Restore/2/3/4] <Fit>: 4
Specify first corner or [Fit] <Fit>: 0.25,0.25
Specify opposite corner: 10.25,7.75

: MVIEW

[///////
/2/3/4] <>: 4
[] <>: 0.25,0.25
: 10.25,7.75

, PAPER (), , MSPACE .


Command: MSPACE ( MS)

, ,
0,5, ZOOM.
ViewZoomScale () ZOOM .
Command: ZOOM
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window] <real time>: 0.5XP

: ZOOM
, (nX nXP)
[/ // ///]
< >: 0.5XP

.
.

6
VPOINT , .
View3D ViewsVPOINT VPOINT
.
Command: VPOINT
Current view direction: VIEWDIR=0.0000, 0.0000, 1.0000
Specify a view point or [Rotate] <display compass and tripod>: 0,-1,0

: VPOINT
: VIEWDIR=0.0000,0.0000,1.0000
[] <
>: 0,-1,0

38

7
, MODEL (), , PBORDER .
, , PLINE, ( ).
PSPACE.
PLINE (), Polyline (),
Draw (),
Polyline () Draw (). PLINE
.
Command: PLINE
Specify start point: 0,0
Current line-width is 0.0000
Specify next point or
[Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify next point or
[Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify next point or
[Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify next point or
[Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:

0,8.0
10.5,8.0
10.5,0
C

: PLINE
: 0,0
0.0000

[/////]:

[/////]:

[/////]:

[/////]:

0,8.0
10.5,8.0
10.5,0
C

8
: Model ( TILEMODE 1) -.
, , . 1.18, - . Layout3, (. 1.15). ,
PAN (). , , VIEW. Layout3,
1:1, .

39

. 1.15.



,
.
. -,
( ) ,
.
.
-, () .

5
- ,
. 1.16.
:





1, -1, 1
0, 0, 1
1, 0, 0
0, -1, 0

40

. 1.16. ,

1
AutoCAD .

2:

VPORTS ().
Viewports ( ), . 1.17, Display
Viewports Dialog, Viewports ( ), ViewportsNew Viewports ( 
) View (). Standard Viewports ( ) Four:Equal (: ).
Preview () . Setup () 3D. , : Top (
), Front ( ), Right ( ) SE Isometric ( ). :
(Top) 0,0,1, (Front) 0,-1,0, (Right) 1,0,0,
(SE Isometric) 1,-1,1, .
OK. , proto5.dwt.
VPOINT -VPORTS,
.

3
, . 1.18.

41

4
TEST,
proto5.dwt. , . 1.18.
(. 1.19).

. 1.17. Viewports

. 1.18.

42

. 1.19.




. , , ,
, . , ,
, , , .
. , ,
1/16"=1', 3624 , , , DIMSCALE
LTSCALE, . , , .
, .

43

6
(PROTO6), :

3624 (. 1.20)
1/8"=1.0'
3'
6'
1/4"

0'-01/16"
//
0d00'
X ()
,

1"
.
1/32" (. 1.20)

. 1.20.

1: , ,


. , ()
. ,
LTSCALE DIMSCALE , .
,
, , .

44


:
3624
1/8"=1' 1"=8'
:
X (X Limit)
Y (Y Limit)
3624 , 1/8"=1',
X Limit = 36 8' = 288'
Y Limit = 24 8' = 192'


:
1/4"
1/8"=1'
:

1/8"=1'
1/8"=12"
1"=96",
, 96.
, 1/4" 96 = 24" = 2'

,
:
1/8"=1'
1/8'=12"
1"=96"
:
LTSCALE DIMSCALE
96,
LTSCALE = = 96.
, DIMSCALE = 96
( , DIMTXT DIMASZ, 96.)


:
1/8"=1'
:

45

1/8"=1'
1/8'=12"
1"=96",
1/32 96 = 3"
, ,
AutoCAD,
proto6.dwt.

2:
Drawing Units ( ), Units () Format ()
UNITS . Architectural () Type (), Length ( ).
Precision () 0'-01/16". ,
Clockwise ( ), Angle ( ). Type
() Deg/Min/Sec (//),
Precision () 0d00'. Directional
Control ( ), Direction (). Base Angle ( ) East (),
OK.

3: , ,
, ,

LIMITS. Drawing Limits ( ) Format () LIMITS .
Command: LIMITS
Specify lower left corner or [ON/OFF] <0'-00",0'-00">: 0,0
Specify upper right corner <1'-0",0'-9">: 288',192'

: LIMITS
[/] <0'-00",0'-00">: 0,0
<1'-0",0'-9">: 288',192'

Snap () Grid (), , Settings


(). Drafting Settings ( ). , Drafting Settings , Object Snap Settings ( ),
Object Snap ( ). Snap and Grid
( ). 3' 3' Snap X spacing (
X) Snap Y spacing ( Y), . 6' 6'
Grid X spacing ( X) Grid Y spacing ( Y),
OK.
, SNAP GRID .

46

, TEXTSIZE :
Command: TEXTSIZE
Enter new value for TEXTSIZE <current>: 2'

: TEXTSIZE
TEXTSIZE <>: 2'

LTSCALE, Linetype
Manager ( ), Linetype ( )
Format () LINETYPE .
Show details ( ) 96 Global
scale factor ( ).
, LTSCALE .
DIMSTYLE,
Dimension Style Manager ( ), Dimension
Style ( ), Dimension
(), Style () Dimension ().
New (), Dimension
Style Manager. Create New Dimension Style (
). MYDIM2, New Style Name ( ), Continue
(). New Dimension Style:MYDIM2 (
:MYDIM2).
Fit () New Dimension Style:MYDIM2.
96 Use overal scale of ( ), Scale for Dimension Features ( ).
Dimension Style Manager, . ,
Close ().
PLINE (), Polyline (),
Draw (),
PLINE .
Command: PLINE
Specify start point: 8',8'
Current line-width is 0.0000
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: W
Specify starting width <0.00>: 3
Specify ending width <0'-3">: <Enter>
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 280',8'
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 280',184'
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 8',184'
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: C

: PLINE
: 8',8'
0.0000
[/////]: W
<0.00>: 3

47

<0'-3">: <Enter>

[/////]: 280',8'

[/////]: 280',184'

[/////]: 8',184'
[/////]: C

, proto6.dwt.


,
.
1. ___________.
2. , _____________,
Create New Drawing (
).
3. , _________
Create New Drawing ( ).
4. 3624 ,
1/2"=1', ________ X ________
Y.
5. AutoCAD __________.


.
1. , DIMSCALE, ________.
2. , DIMTEXT, _________.
3. , SNAP, _________.
4.
__________ _________.
5. AutoCAD :
___________, ___________ __________.
6. 2418 , 1=20,
________ X _________ Y.
7. 200150,
(0.00,0.00) (600.00,450.00),
LTSCALE _________.
8. , _______.
9. TILEMODE ________ ________.
10. , , ZOOM __________.

48

1 ()
(protoe1.dwt) .

0'-0 1/16"
0


48'36'

2 ()
(protoe2.dwt) .

36.0,24.0
0.5
1.0
0.25

0.00

0
X ()
,

3 ()
(protoe3.dwt) .



LTSCALE
DIMSCALE

48.0,36.0
0.25
0.03
4.0
4.0
10.58

0
OBJECT
CENTER
HIDDEN
DIM
BORDER

(Continuous)
(Continuous)
(Center)
(Hidden)
(Continuous)
(Continuous)

(White)
(Green)
(Magenta)
(Blue)
(Red)
(Cyan)

49

4 ()
-
protoe4.dwt.

LTSCALE

36.0,24.0
35.0,23.0
1.0
0.5
0.15
( )
1.0
Object

0
Object
Hidden
Center
Dim
Border
Notes

(Continuous)
(Continuous)
(Hidden)
(Center)
(Continuous)
(Continuous)
(Continuous)

(White)
(Red)
(Yellow)
(Green)
(Blue)
(Magenta)
(White)

- ,
. 1.21.

. 1.21. -

50

5 ()
-
protoe5.dwt.


LTSCALE
DIMSCALE

36"24" (. 1.22)
1/2" = 1.0'
1/4"
24
24

0'-0 1/32'
//
0d00"00"
,
1-1/2" .
1/32".

. 1.22. , 5

51

6 ()
-
protoe6.dwt.

24"18" (. 1.23)
1/2" = 1.0'
1" .
0.05"
(. 1.23).

. 1.23. -


1 .dwt, 2 Use a Template ( ), 3 Start From Scratch ( ), 4 72"48", 5 MVIEW.





, :
,
SCRIPT;
RSCRIPT DELAY
;
AutoCAD;
;

.

54

?
AutoCAD ,
AutoCAD,
. , , , Notepad
(), EDIT ( ACAD.PGP , EDIT ). .scr (, plot1.scr)
SCRIPT.
,
, . ,
, , . : - . , , , AutoCAD
,
.

1
,
( script1.scr). , 129 . ( 4.)


LTSCALE
DIMSCALE

. (On)
2.0
0.5
0,0 48.0,36.0

0.125
4.0
4.0

1:
,
AutoCAD , . , ,
, . AutoCAD, 1.
Command: ORTHO
Enter mode [ON/OFF] <OFF>: ON

: ORTHO
[/] <>: ON


Command: GRID
Specify grid spacing(X) or [ON/OFF/Snap/Aspect] <1.0>: 2.0

: GRID
X [///] <1.0>: 2.0
Command: SNAP
Specify snap spacing or [ON/OFF/Aspect/Rotate/Style/Type] <1.0>: 0.5

: SNAP
[/////] <1.0>: 0.5
Command: LIMITS
Reset Model space limits:
Specify lower left corner or [ON/OFF] <0.0,0.0>: 0,0
Specify upper right corner <12.0,9.0>: 48.0,36.0

: LIMITS
:
[/] <0.0,0.0>: 0,0
<12.0,9.0>: 48.0,36.0
Command: ZOOM
Specify corner or window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window] <real time>: A

: ZOOM
, (nX nXP)
[/ // ///]
< >: A
Command: TEXTSIZE
Enter new value for TEXTSIZE <0.02>: 0.125

: TEXTSIZE
TEXTSIZE <0.02>: 0.125
Command: LTSCALE
Enter new linetype scale factor <1.0000>: 4.0

: LTSCALE
<1.0000>: 4.0
Command: DIMSCALE
Enter new value for DIMSCALE <1.000>: 4.0

: DIMSCALE
DIMSCALE <1.0000>: 4.0

55

56

2:
, , , , - , Notepad ().
EDIT ().
AutoCAD , .
MS-DOS (MS-DOS Editor),
<Enter>. 1.
ORTHO
ON
GRID
2.0
SNAP
0.5
LIMITS
0,0
48.0,36.0
ZOOM
ALL
TEXTSIZE
0.125
LTSCALE
4.0
DIMSCALE 4.0

, . ,
, :
; , SCRIPT1.SCR
ORTHO ON
GRID 2.0
SNAP 0.5
LIMITS 0,0 48.0,36.0
ZOOM
ALL
TEXTSIZE 0.125
LTSCALE 4.0
DIMSCALE 4.0

script.scr
. , ,
.scr, . , , (, ORTHO
ON GRID 2.0).

.
, . , , , <Enter>
. , ZOOM
All, , .

57

AutoCAD ,
(;). ,
.


SCRIPT ()
. Select Script File
( ), . 2.1, Run Script (
) Tools (). ,
SCRIPT .
, . . ,
(.SCR). ( ,
.)

3:
1, SCRIPT
, Select Script File SCRIPT1,
Open () (. . 2.1).

. 2.1. Select Script File

,
FILEDIA 0. ,
, :
Command: FILEDIA
Enter new value for FILEDIA <1>: 0
Command: SCRIPT
Enter script file name <current>:

58

2
: FILEDIA
FILEDIA <1>: 0
: SCRIPT
<>:

2
, , .
script2.scr.

Object
Center
Hidden
Dimension
Border
Hatch

(Red)
(Yellow)
(Blue)
(Green)
(Magenta)
(Cyan)

(Continuous)
(Center)
(Hidden)
(Continuous)
(Continuous)
(Continuous)






0.05

1:
,
AutoCAD , .
, . :
Command: -LAYER

: -LAYER


[?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Lweigth/Plot/Pstyle/Freeze/
Thaw/Lock/Unlock/stAte]: N
Enter name list for new layer(s): OBJECT,CENTER,HIDDEN,DIM,BORDER,HATCH

[?////////
//////
/]: N
(): OBJECT,CENTER,HIDDEN,DIM,BORDER,HATCH


[?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Lweigth/Plot/Pstyle/Freeze/
Thaw/Lock/Unlock/stAte]: L
Enter loaded linetype name or [?] <Continuous>: CENTER
Enter name list of layer(s) for linetype "CENTER" <0>: CENTER

[?////////
//////
/]: L


[?] <>: CENTER
() "CENTER" <0>: CENTER


[?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Lweigth/Plot/Pstyle/Freeze/
Thaw/Lock/Unlock/stAte]: L
Enter loaded linetype name or [?] <Continuous>: HIDDEN
Enter name list of layer(s) for linetype "HIDDEN" <0>: HIDDEN

[?////////
//////
/]: L
[?] <>: HIDDEN
() "HIDDEN" <0>: HIDDEN


[?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Lweigth/Plot/Pstyle/Freeze/
Thaw/Lock/Unlock/stAte]: C
New color [Truecolor/COlorbook] <7 (white)>: RED
Enter name list of layer(s) for color 1 (red) <0>: OBJECT

[?////////
//////
/]: C
[/] <7 ()>: RED
() 1 () <0>: OBJECT


[?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Lweigth/Plot/Pstyle/Freeze/
Thaw/Lock/Unlock/stAte]: C
New color [Truecolor/COlorbook] <7 (white)>: YELLOW
Enter name list of layer(s) for color 2 (yellow) <0>: CENTER

[?////////
//////
/]: C
[/] <7 ()>: YELLOW
() 1 () <0>: CENTER


[?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Lweigth/Plot/Pstyle/Freeze/
Thaw/Lock/Unlock/stAte]: C
New color [Truecolor/COlorbook] <7 (white)>: BLUE
Enter name list of layer(s) for color 5 (blue) <0>: HIDDEN

[?////////
//////
/]: C
[/] <7 ()>: BLUE
() 1 () <0>: HIDDEN

59

60


[?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Lweigth/Plot/Pstyle/Freeze/
Thaw/Lock/Unlock/stAte]: C
New color [Truecolor/COlorbook] <7 (white)>: GREEN
Enter name list of layer(s) for color 3 (green) <0>: DIM

[?////////
//////
/]: C
[/] <7 ()>: GREEN
() 1 () <0>: DIM


[?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Lweigth/Plot/Pstyle/Freeze/
Thaw/Lock/Unlock/stAte]: C
New color [Truecolor/COlorbook] <7 (white)>: MAGENTA
Enter name list of layer(s) for color 6 (magenta) <0>: BORDER

[?////////
//////
/]: C
[/] <7 ()>: MAGENTA
() 1 () <0>: BORDER


[?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Lweigth/Plot/Pstyle/Freeze/
Thaw/Lock/Unlock/stAte]: C
New color [Truecolor/COlorbook] <7 (white)>: CYAN
Enter name list of layer(s) for color 4 (cyan) <0>: HATCH

[?////////
//////
/]: C
[/] <7 ()>: CYAN
() 1 () <0>: HATCH


[?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Lweigth/Plot/Pstyle/Freeze/
Thaw/Lock/Unlock/stAte]: LW
Enter lineweight (0.0mm - 2.11mm): 0.05
Enter name list of layer(s) for lineweight 0.05mm <0>: HATCH
[?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Lweigth/Plot/Pstyle/Freeze/
Thaw/Lock/Unlock/stAte]: <Enter>

[?////////
//////
/]: LW
( (0,0 - 2,11 ): 0.05

61

0,05 <0>: HATCH


[?////////
//////
/]: <Enter>

2:
, :
;
;
LAYER
NEW
OBJECT,CENTER,HIDDEN,DIM,BORDER,HATCH
L
CENTER
CENTER
L
HIDDEN
HIDDEN
C
RED
OBJECT
C
YELLOW
CENTER
C
BLUE
HIDDEN
C
GREEN
DIM
C
MAGENTA
BORDER
C
CYAN
HATCH
( , LAYER. .)

, script2.scr.

3:
, ,
Select Script File ( ). Run Script
( ) Tools () SCRIPT . SCRIPT2, Open ().
SCRIPT ,
FILEDIA 0.

62

3
, ,
, 45-
(. 2.2). 45 2- .
, .
script3.scr.

. 2.2. , 45-

1:
,
AutoCAD , . ,
. AutoCAD, , , :
Command: ROTATE
Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0
Select objects: W
Specify first corner: 2.25,5.0
Specify opposite corner: 6.25,9.0
Select objects: <Enter>
Specify base point: 4.25,6.5
Specify rotation angle or [Reference]: 45

: ROTATE
: ANGDIR= ANGBASE=0
: W ( Window (W), )
: 2.25,5.0
: 6.25,9.0
: <Enter>
: 4.25,6.5
[]: 45

63

2:
, AutoCAD, , , . , , , .
, . , .
ROTATE
W
2.25,5.0
6.25,9.0
( )
4.25,6.5
45

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

1
ROTATE

ROTATE AutoCAD, .

2
W

W Window (),
.

3
2.25,5.0

2.25 5.0 X Y
, .

4
6.25,9.0

6.25 9.0 X Y
, .

5
.

6
4.25,6.5

4.25 6.5 X Y .

7
45

45 .

64

,
, . , - Window (),
Window (W) ,
. , .
,
, . AutoLISP.

3:
, script3.scr.

4:
Select Script File ( ),
Run Script ( ) Tools () SCRIPT
() . SCRIPT3,
Open (). ,
, , , 45 . , .
, , , ,
. ,
() .


RSCRIPT
, . ,
. , , , RSCRIPT
, <Esc>. ,
.
, RSCRIPT,
.
ROTATE
W
2.25,5.0
6.25,9.0
( )
4.25,6.5
45
RSCRIPT

RSCRIPT, 8,
( 1-7) .
script3.scr , -

65

. ,
, . ,
, .. . , <Esc>
<Backspace>.

, . AutoLISP.


, , , , , , .
, . ,
, ,
,
. DELAY (), . :
Command: DELAY

Command AutoCAD;
DELAY DELAY ();
.
. ,
2000 , AutoCAD .
, .
, , 32 767 (
32 ). 3 DELAY , 7 8 , :
ROTATE
W
2.25,5.0
6.25,9.0
( )
4.25,6.5
45
DELAY 2000
RSCRIPT

45 . RSCRIPT, 8,

66

2000 ( 2 ). RSCRIPT
, 45 .
, ( 45 ) .


, - , RESUME.
Command: RESUME

,
, . RESUME () ,
, .
, , ('RESUME).
Command: 'RESUME


acad.exe,
AutoCAD. ,
Options ()
autoexec.bat.
, Options.
.
:

/c

, AutoCAD, . acad 2004.cfg

/s

, ,

/b

, AutoCAD

/t

/nologo

AutoCAD ,

/v

, AutoCAD

/r

AutoCAD, ,

/p

67

AutoCAD
AutoCAD, .. ,
. , AutoCAD, :
"C:\Program Files\AutoCAD2004\acad.exe" [ ]
[/t ] [/v ] /b

AutoCAD (MYdwg1), . Run (),


. 2.3.

. 2.3. Run,
AutoCAD

"C:\Program Files\AutoCAD2004\acad.exe" MYdwg1 /b Setup

AutoCAD2004 AutoCAD 2004,


AutoCAD;
acad.exe , AutoCAD;
MYdwg1 ;
Setup .
AutoCAD
(Drawing), temp1, (Setup).

"C:\Program Files\AutoCAD2004\acad.exe" /t temp1 /b Setup

temp1 ;
Setup

"C:\Program Files\AutoCAD2004\acad.exe" /t temp1 "C:\MyFolder" /b Setup

C:\Program Files\AutoCAD2004\acad.exe acad.exe;


C:\MyFolder Setup.

68

AutoCAD
(Drawing), (Setup).

"C:\Program Files\AutoCAD2004\acad.exe" /b Setup

Setup .
, AutoCAD AutoCAD 2004.

AutoCAD, ,
, . , , . ,
Run
, .

, . , "" ,
. , , . .

4
, AutoCAD
, (
script4.scr).


LTSCALE
DIMSCALE

3.0
0.5
0,0
36.0,24.0

0.25
3.0
3.0

Obj
Cen
Hid
Dim

(Red)
(Yellow)
(Blue)
(Green)

(Continuous)
(Center)
(Hidden)
(Continuous)

1:
script4.scr. ,
:

69

GRID 3.0
SNAP 0.5
LIMITS 0,0 36.0,24.0 ZOOM ALL
TEXTSIZE 0.25
LTSCALE 3
DIMSCALE 3.0
LAYER NEW
OBJ,CEN,HID,DIM
L CENTER CEN
L HIDDEN HID
C RED OBJ
C YELLOW CEN
C BLUE HID
C GREEN DIM
( <Enter>)

2: Run
, , . SCRIPT4,
StartRun (),
:
"C:\Program Files\AutoCAD2004\acad.exe" /t EX4 /b SCRIPT4

acad.exe , AutoCAD;
EX4 ;
SCRIPT4 .
, (EX4) (SCRIPT4) . , AutoCAD
ex4.dwt. (SCRIPT4) , .
AutoCAD
(Drawing), SCRIPT4 (. 2.4).

. 2.4. Run,
AutoCAD

70

"C:\Program Files\AutoCAD2004\acad.exe" /b SCRIPT4

SCRIPT4 .
, AutoCAD
AutoCAD 2004.

5
, 3624
8,511 .
. , , Window ().

1:
, ,
, . , , -PLOT (-)
, .
(
).
:
Command: -PLOT
Detailed plot configuration? [Yes/No] <No>: Yes
Enter a layout name or [?] <Model>: <Enter>
Enter an output device name or [?] <HP LaserJet 4000
Series PCL 6>: <Enter>
Enter paper size or [?] <Letter (8 1/2 11 in)>: <Enter>
Enter paper units [Inches/Millimeters] <Inches>: I
Enter drawing orientation [Portrait/Landscape] <Landscape>: L
Plot upside down? [Yes/No] <No>: N
Enter plot area [Display/Extents/Limits/View/Window] <Display>: W
Enter lower left corner of window <0.000000,0.000000>: 0,0
Enter upper right corner of window <0.000000,0.000000>: 36,24
Enter plot scale (Plotted Inches=Drawing Units) or [Fit] <Fit>: F
Enter plot offset (x,y) or [Center] <0.00,0.00>: 0,0
Plot with plot styles? [Yes/No] <Yes>: Y
Enter plot style table name or [?] (enter . for none) <>: .
Plot with lineweight? [Yes/No] <Yes>: Y
Enter shade plot settings [As displayed/Wireframe/Hidden/Rendered]
<As displayed>: <Enter>
Write the plot to a file [Yes/No] <N>: N
Save changes to page setup? Or set shade plot quality?
[Yes/No/Quality] <N>: <Enter>
Proceed with plot [Yes/No] <Y>: Y

71

: -PLOT
? [/] <>: Yes
[?] <>: <Enter>
[?] <HP LaserJet 4000
Series PCL 6>: <Enter>
[?] <Letter (8 1/2 11 in)>: <Enter>
[/] <>: I
[/] <>: L
[/] <>: N
[////] <>: W
<0.000000, 0.000000>: 0,0
<0.000000, 0.000000>: 36,24
( = )
[] <>: F
(x,y) [] <0.00,0.00>: 0,0
? [/] <>: Y
[?] ( ,
(.)) <>: .
? [/] <>: Y
[ / //
] < >: <Enter>
[/] <>: N
?
? [//]
<>: <Enter>
[/] <>: Y

2:
, ,
. , 36"24" 8,5"11".
, , .
Plot
Y
( <Enter>,
)
( <Enter>,
)
( <Enter>,
)
I
L
N
W
0,0
36,24
F
0,0
Y
.
( , (.))

72

2
Y
( <Enter>,
, )
N
N
Y

,
. , ,
. , , . , ,
, ,
- . ,
, ,
.

1 ()
, 288'192'
36"24". 1/8"=1'. (
script9.scr.) , AutoCAD
HPGL; HPGL-Plotter).

6
.
() 5 , ( ) 2 (. 2.5).
.

. 2.5. 6

73

.
,



(Blue)
8.0
8.4
5,5

( )




(Green)
5,8.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

()





(Red)
5,5
0.5
0.0
3.5
5

()





(Cyan)
5,5
0.35
0.0
3.5
2

1:
,
. . .
, ,
clock.scr. :
Command: -COLOR
Enter default object color [Truecolor/COlorbook] <BYLAYER>: Blue
Command: DONUT
Specify inside diameter of donut <0.5>: 8.0
Specify outside diameter of donut <0.5>: 8.4
Specify center of donut <exit>: 5.5
Specify center of donut <exit>: <Enter>
Command: -COLOR
Enter default object color [Truecolor/COlorbook] <BYLAYER>: Green
Command: PLINE
Specify start point: 5,8.5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: Width

74

2
Specify starting width <0.00>: 0.25
Specify ending width <0.25>: 0.25
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: @0.25<270
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: <Enter>
Command: -ARRAY
Select objects: Last
Select objects: <Enter>
Enter the type of array [Rectangblar/Polar] <R>: Polar
Specify center point of array: 5.5
Enter the number of items in the array: 12
Specify the angle to fill(+= ccw, -= cw) <360>: 360
Rotate arrayed objects? [Yes/No] <Y>: Y
Command: -COLOR
Enter default object color [Truecolor/COlorbook] <BYLAYER>: Red
Command: PLINE
Specify start point: 5,5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: Width
Specify starting width <0.5>: 0.5
Specify ending width <0.5>: 0
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: @3.5<0
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: <Enter>
Command: -COLOR
Enter default object color [Truecolor/COlorbook] <BYLAYER>: Cyan
Command: PLINE
Specify start point: 5,5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: Width
Specify starting width <0.5>: 0.35
Specify ending width <0.35>: 0
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: @3<90
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: <Enter>
Command: SCRIPT
ROTATE.SCR

: -COLOR
[/] <BYLAYER>: Blue
: DONUT
<0.5>: 8.0
<0.5>: 8.4
<>: 5.5
<>: <Enter>
: -COLOR
[/] <BYLAYER>: Green
: PLINE
: 5,8.5

[/////]: Width
<0.00>: 0.25
<0.25>: 0.25

[/////]: @0.25<270
[////

75

/]: <Enter>
: -ARRAY
: Last
: <Enter>
[/] <>: Polar
: 5.5
: 12
(+= , -=
) <360>: 360
? [/] <>: Y
: -COLOR
[/] BYLAYER>: Red
: PLINE
: 5,5
[////
/]: Width
<0.00>: 0.5
<0.25>: 0
[////
/]: @3.5<0
[////
/]: <Enter>
: -COLOR
[/] <BYLAYER>: Cyan
: PLINE
: 5,5
[////
/]: Width
<0.00>: 0.35
<0.25>: 0
[////
/]: @3<90
[////
/]: <Enter>
: SCRIPT
ROTATE.SCR

, clock.scr. (-),
, . :
. , . , COLOR () ARRAY ()
. :
Color
Blue
Donut
8.0
8.4
5,5

76

2
<Enter>
Color
Green
Pline
5,8.5
W
0.25
0.25
@0.25<270
<Enter>
Array
L
<Enter>
P
5,5
12
360
Y
Color
Red
Pline
5,5
W
0.5
0
@3.5<0
<Enter>
Color
Cyan
Pline
5,5
W
0.35
0
@3<90
<Enter>
Script
( ,
ROTATE.SCR
)

clock.scr , AutoCAD. rotate.scr. : ,


AutoCAD,
(rotate.scr) . Options ().

2: ,
ROTATE.SCR, , . ,

77

ROTATE (), ,
. AutoCAD, .
Command: ROTATE
Select objects: L
Select objects: <Enter>
Specify base point: 5,5
Specify rotation angle or [Reference]: -2
Command: ROTATE
Select objects: C
Specify first corner: 3,3
Specify other corner: 7,7
Select objects: Remove
Remove objects: L
Remove objects: <Enter>
Specify base point: 5,5
Specify rotation angle or [Reference]: -5

: ROTATE
: L
: <Enter>
: 5,5
[]: -2
: ROTATE
: C
: 3,3
: 7,7
: Remove
: L
: <Enter>
: 5,5
[]: -5

,
rotate.scr. , , :
Rotate
L
<Enter>
5,5
-2
Rotate
C
3,3
7,7
R
L
<Enter>
5,5
-5
Rscript

78

rotate.scr. clock.scr.
rotate.scr, rotate.scr. ,
AutoCAD, clock.scr rotate.scr.
AutoCAD .


AutoCAD
. ,
. , .
, , AutoCAD. , ZOOM
() PAN () , . , . ,
. ,
,
.
, , . , ,
. , .


,
, , .
, ,
AutoCAD. , , ,
, . , , , , .
, AutoCAD, .
- , ,
, .


AutoCAD MSLIDE. FILEDIA 1, MSLIDE
Create Slide File (. 2.6),
. FILEDIA 0,
MSLIDE .

79

. 2.6. Create Slide File

Command: MSLIDE
Enter name of slide file to create <Default>:

: MSLIDE
< >:

Command: MSLIDE
Slide File: <Drawing1> SLIDE1

Drawing1 , ;
SLIDE1 .
AutoCAD slide1.sld.

MSLIDE, , , . ,
, .
MSLIDE .


, VSLIDE .
Select Slide File ( ), . 2.7.
, , Open ().

80

.
FILEDIA 0,
.
Command: VSLIDE
Enter name of slide file to create <Default>:

. 2.7. Select File Slide

Command: VSLIDE
Slide File: <Drawing1> SLIDE1

Drawing1 , ;
SLIDE1 .

,
, REDRAW (), .
,
REDRAW. , GRID, ZOOM ALL REGEN
, .
. AutoCAD
, . , , , .

81

7
, 15- (. 2.8).

. 2.8.

1:
MSLIDE. Create
Slide File ( ). (, SLADE1), , Save ().
. . 2.8 , SLIDE1, SLIDE2, SLIDE3 SLIDE4. ,
AutoCAD. .

2:
, . EDIT
( ACAD.PGP , EDIT ).
.SCR.
, , . 2.8, . SLDSHOW1.
VSLIDE SLIDE1
DELAY 15000
VSLIDE SLIDE2
DELAY 15000
VSLIDE SLIDE3
DELAY 15000
VSLIDE SLIDE4
DELAY 15000

82

3:
, Run Script ( )
Tools () SCRIPT ()
. Select Sript File ( ).
SLDSHOW1, Open (). .


VSLIDE SLIDE1,
( 7), SLIDE1 . 15000 SLIDE2. ,
. . . AutoCAD ,
.
, .
(*).
VSLIDE SLIDE1
VSLIDE *SLIDE2
DELAY 15000
VSLIDE
VSLIDE *SLIDE3
DELAY 15000
VSLIDE
VSLIDE *SLIDE4
DELAY 15000
VSLIDE
DELAY 15000
RSCRIPT

SLIDE1
SLIDE2
15-
SLIDE2
SLIDE3
15-
SLIDE3
SLIDE4
15-
SLIDE4
15-

8
,
2- SLD1, SLD2 SLD3.
, . 2.9.
:
C: ;
Program Files ;
AutoCAD 2004 , AutoCAD;
SUBDIR1 , ;
SUBDIR2 , ;
SUBDIR3 , ;
SLD1 , SUBDIR1;

83

SLD2 , SUBDIR2;
SLD3 , SUBDIR3.

. 2.9.

,
8.
VSLIDE "C:/Program Files/AutoCAD 2004/SUBDIR1/SLD1.SLD"
DELAY 2000
VSLIDE "C:/Program Files/AutoCAD 2004/SUBDIR2/SLD2.SLD"
DELAY 2000
VSLIDE "C:/Program Files/AutoCAD 2004/SUBDIR3/SLD3.SLD"
DELAY 2000
RSCRIPT

1
VSLIDE "C:/Program Files/AutoCAD 2004/SUBDIR1/SLD1.SLD"

VSLIDE, , SLD1.
VSLIDE. , .

2
DELAY 2000

DELAY (), ,
2- .

3
VSLIDE "C:/Program Files/AutoCAD 2004/SUBDIR2/SLD2.SLD"

VSLIDE, , SLD2,
SUBDIR2. ,
.

5
VSLIDE "C:/Program Files/AutoCAD 2004/SUBDIR3/SLD3.SLD"

VSLIDE, , SLD3,
SUBDIR3.

84

7
RSCRIPT

RSCRIPT, ,
. , , <Esc>
<Backspace>.


AutoCAD SLIDELIB,
. SLIDELIB :
SLIDELIB ( ) <( )

SLIDELIB SLDLIB <SLDLIST

SLIDELIB SLIDELIB, AutoCAD;


SLDLIB ;
SLDLIST .
SLIDILIB AutoCAD. (SLIDILIB.EXE) , . , . ,
- EDIT ( ACAD.PGP ,
EDIT ). , ,
. ,
, .SLD.

DOS 5.0 ,
, :
C:\AutoCAD 2004\SLIDES>DIR *.SLD/B>SLDLIST

DOS
md (make directory) cd (change directory).
, SLDLIST,
SLIDES.
, .

85

SLIDILIB , , . 9 SLIDILIB SLDLIST


SLDLIB:
C:\>SLIDELIB SLDLIB <SLDLIST

. -
, , , SLIDILIB.
, , . ,
, . VSLIDE
DELAY.
.
. , , , .

9
SLIDELIB, 2,5- . ( : SLDLIST (
), SLDSHOW1 ( ), SHOW1 ( )). front ( ), top ( ), rside ( ), 3dview
() isoview ().
. 2.10, .

. 2.10.

:
C ;
Dwg-Files , ;
Proj-A ;
Proj-B ;
Slide-Files , Slidelib.exe
sldlist.

86

1
,
. , , Slide-Files. , (
EDIT). ,
. ,
, .SLD. ,
SLDLIST ( 9):
C:\Dwg-Files\Proj-A\front
C:\Dwg-Files\Proj-A\top
C:\Dwg-Files\Proj-A\rside
C:\Dwg-Files\Proj-B\3dview
C:\Dwg-Files\Proj-B\isoview

2
,
SLIDELIB. sldshow1.
, (SLDLIST) SLIDELIB, , Slide-Files.
, .
SHELL () AutoCAD,
OS Command: <Enter>.
AutoCAD Shell Active, . 2.11.
DOS, ProgramsMS-DOS Prompt ( MS-DOS).
Command: SHELL
OS Command: <Enter>

SLIDELIB,
, :
C:\Dwg-Files\Slide-Files>SLIDELIB sldshow1 <sldlist

SLIDELIB AutoCAD;
sldshow1 ;
sldlist .
, Slide-Files.

. 2.11. AutoCAD Shell Active

87

3
, , . SHOW1.
VSLIDE sldshow1(front)
DELAY 2500
VSLIDE sldshow1(top)
DELAY 2500
VSLIDE sldshow1(rside)
DELAY 2500
VSLIDE sldshow1(3dview)
DELAY 2500
VSLIDE sldshow1(isoview)
DELAY 2500
RSCRIPT

4
Select Script File, . 2.12. Run Script ( ) Tools ()
SCRIPT () .
SCRIPT , FILEDIA 0.
Command: SCRIPT
Enter script file name <default>: SHOW1

. 2.12. Select Script File

88


, (
). AutoCAD AutoLISP, . :
(C:REPLAY FILENAME TYPE [<XOFF> <YOFF> <XSIZE> <YSIZE>])

C:REPLAY AutoLISP, Replay;


FILENAME ( ),
(/),
. ;
TYPE (, Bmp, Tif Tga).
;
XOFF X (.. 0,0);
YOFF Y ;
XSIZE ( X)
( ). ,
SAVEIMG;
YSIZE ( Y) ( ). , SAVEIMG.
AutoCAD BIGLAKE.TGA, (. 2.13).

. 2.13. ,

89

, AutoCAD 2004 , .
Windows 2000 Windows XP, C:\Documents and Settings\Owner\Local Settings\
Application Data\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2004\R16.0\enu\textures. Windows 98 C:\Windows\
Application Data\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2004\R16.0\enu\textures.
, .
Windows 98
.
(C:REPLAY "C:\Documents and Settings\Owner\Local Settings\Application
Data\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2004\R16.0\enu\textures/BIGLAKE" "TGA" 150 50 944 564)

C:REPLAY AutoLISP, Replay;


C:\Documents.../BIGLAKE ,
;
"TGA" ;
150 ( X) , ;
50 ( Y) , ;
944 ( X) ,
;
564 ( Y) ,
.


(replay.scr),
AutoCAD ( *.bmp) . F_ FRAME, R_ RENDERED. , BMP A.
VSLIDE A:\SLIDES\F_ROLL
DELAY 3000
(C:REPLAY "A:/RENDERS/R_ROLL" "BMP" 00 944 564)
DELAY 3000
VSLIDE A:\SLIDES\F_BKCASE
DELAY 3000
(C:REPLAY "A:/RENDERS/R_BKCASE" "BMP" 00 944 564)
DELAY 3000
VSLIDE A:\SLIDES\F_MOUSE
DELAY 3000
(C:REPLAY "A:/RENDERS/R_MOUSE" "BMP" 00 944 564)
DELAY 3000
VSLIDE A:\SLIDES\F_TABLE2
DELAY 3000
(C:REPLAY "A:/RENDERS/R_TABLE2" "BMP" 00 944 564)
DELAY 3000
RSCRIPT

90


,
.


1. AutoCAD ________,
AutoCAD .
2. ________ AutoCAD
________, .
3. ________.
4. ,
, ________.
5. DELAY ________ .


6. - ________ , .. , , , .
7. , ________ .
8. ________.
9. ________.
10. AutoCAD , . AutoCAD, ________.


1. ________ ,
.
2. ________
.
3. ,
________.
4.
________.
5. ,
________.

91

6. ________ ,
.
7. ________ ,
.
8. ________
.
9. , - ,
________.


10. AutoCAD ________,
.
11. ________, ,
.
12. ________, .
13. MSLIDE, ,
________, ________.
14. , , ________ .
15. - , ________
, , .
16. , ,
________ .
17. ________ . - , , , ________.
18. ________ . ,
, , ,
.

92


2 ()
, :


LTSCALE



2.0
0.5
0,0
18.0,12.0

0.25
2.0
2

0.75

3 ()
, ,
. script3.scr.
Contour
Spipes
Wpipes
Power
Manholes
Trees

(Red)
(Yellow)
(Blue)
(Green)

(Magenta)
(Cyan)

(Continuous)
(Center)
(Hidden)
(Continuous)
(Continuous)
(Continuous)

4 ()
, :



LTSCALE

0,0
24,18
1.0
0.25
. (On)
. (On)

0.02
0,0 24,0 24,18 0,18 0,0
1.5
0.00
0
X ()
,

93

Obj
Cen
Hid
Dim

(Red)
(Yellow)
(Blue)
(Green)

Continuous
Center
Hidden
Continuous

5 ()
,
. ( ;
.)
Window ().
(0,0 24,18).
.
.
(0.0,0.0).
(8.5,11 , /).
90 .
.
().

6 ()
,
.
10 (. 2.14). .

. 2.14. 6

94

7 ()
, , . 2.15. , ,
, ,
. ,
. 5 .

. 2.15. 7

2,4

8,4

2,4

1.0

8,4

1.0

5,1

5,7

5,1

1.0

5,7

1.0

( .
, .
,
.)

95


8 ()
, . 2.16, , . 5- . ( ,
. , .)

. 2.16. ,

9 ()
, 8,
SLDLIST2, SLDLIB2. SHOW2, , 5-
.


1 SCRIPT, 2 , 3 SCRIPT, 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 MSLIDE, 9 VSLIDE, 10 SLIDELIB.


, :
;
;
;
LTSCALE
;

;
;
;
;

;
;
.

98


AutoCAD , 38
, ISO.
acad.lin. AutoCAD
.


:
.


, (*), . .
, , , .
:
* ,

*HIDDENS, __ __ __ __ __ __

* ;
HIDDENS ;
, ;
__ __ __ __ .
.
, AutoCAD
, . , , ,
. , LINEFCX . , DASHDOT , .
.
, , .
LINETYPE () ?
. 47 .


, , .
:
,

99

,.75,-.25,.75

;
, ;
.75,-.25,.75 .
.
, AutoCAD, .
, .
12 , 80- .


. ,
:
( );
( , 0);
( ).

___ . ___ . ___ . ___

. ( , 0);
( );
___ ( ).
.
, 0.5, 0,5 .
, , .
, -0.2, ,
0,2 . .

,.5,-.2,0,-0.2,.5

0 ( );
-.2 ( );
.5 ( ).

100


,
. , . ,
. ,
:
(, Notepad);
acad.lin;
LINETYPE ().
, ,
.

1
DASH3DOT (. 3.1), :
0,5;
0,125;
;
0,125;
;
0,125;
;
0,125.

. 3.1. DASH3DOT


1:
.
- (, Notepad), DASH3DOT.

101

(,). , .
, ,
DASH3DOT, .
*DASH3DOT,___ . . . ___ . . . ___
,.5,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125

newlt.lin Support.

2:
, Linetype Manager
( ), Linetype ( ) Format
(). Load or Reload Linetypes (
), Load (), Linetype Manager.
File Select Linetype ( ), . 3.2,
File (). newlt.lin Open ().
Load or Reload Linetypes. DASH3DOT Available Linetypes ( )
OK. Linetype Manager.
DASH3DOT , Current ().
OK.

. 3.2. File Select Linetype

acad.lin
1: acad.lin
,
(, Notepad).
acad.lin , .

102

acad.lin :
*BORDER,__ __ . __ __ . __ __ . __ __ . __ __ . __ __ . __
A,.5,-.25,.5,-.25,0,-.25
*BORDER2,__ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ .
A,.25,-.125,.25,-.125,0,-.125
*BORDERX2,___ ___ . ___ ___ . ___ ___ . ___ ___ . ___ ___ .
A,1.0,-.5,1.0,-.5,0,-.5
*CENTERX2,______ __ ______ __ ______ __ ______ __
A,2.5,-.5,.5,-.5
*DASHDOT,__ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ .
A,.5,-.25,0,-.25
*DOTX2,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A,.25,-.125
*HIDDEN2,_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
A,.125,-.0625
*HIDDENX2,____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____
A,.5,-.25
*PHANTOM,_____ __ __ _____ __ __ _____ __ __ _____
A,1.25,-.25,.25,-.25, .25,-.25
____ ____
__________
____
*PHANTOMX2,__________
*GAS_LINE,Gas line, ----GAS----GAS----GAS----GAS----GAS---A,.5,-.2 ["GAS",STANDARD,S=.1,R=0.0,X=-0.1Y=-.05],-.25
*ZIGZAG,Zig zag /\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/
A,.001,-.2 [ZIG,ltypesp.shx,x=-.2,s=-.2],-.4,[ZIG,ltypesp.
shx,r=180,x=.2s=.2],-.2
*DASH3DOT,___ . . . ___ . . . ___
,.5,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125

. DASH3DOT ( ___ . . . ___ ).


.

2:
, , LINETYPE. , . ,
, . 3.3.

LTSCALE , .

103

. 3.3. , DASH3DOT

LINETYPE
1:
LINETYPE, .
-LINETYPE (-) Create ().
Command: -LINETYPE
Enter an option [?/Create/Load/Set]: Create

: -LINETYPE
[?///]: Create

, .
Enter name of linetype to create: DASH3DOT

FILEDIA 1, Create or Append Linetype File, . 3.4.


0,
.
Enter linetype file name for new linetype definition <default>: Acad

, :
Wait, checking if linetype already defined...
"Linetype" already exists in this file. Current definition is:
alignment, dash-1, dash-2, ____ .
Overwrite?<N>

104

, ...
" " . :
, -1, -2, ____ .
? <>

. 3.4. Create or Append Linetype File

, Y. , , <Enter>,
N. , . , , .
Descriptive text: *DASH3DOT,___ . . . ___ . . . ___
Enter linetype pattern (on next line):
,.5,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125

: *DASH3DOT,___ . . . ___ . . . ___


( ):
,.5,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125


*DASH3DOT,___ . . . ___ . . . ___

, , . ,
DASH3DOT. *DASH3DOT ;
47 .
( ___ . . . ___ ),

105

- .
.


,.5,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125

.
AutoCAD , .
,
LINETYPE Create. , ,
. (.5 0.5)
, (-.25 -0.25) . . , 0.5
0.5 . -0.25, 0.25
. , , (.). 1.
.5
-.125
0
-.125
0
-.125
0
-.125

0.5
0.125

0.125

0.125

0.125

, (DASH3DOT) acad.lin.

2:
(DASH3DOT), LINETYPE
() Linetype Manager ( ),
Linetype ( ) Format ().
-LINETYPE Load ().


, , . ,
( __ ). ( ), ( ).
.
, .
DASH3DOT.
1.0 (.5 + .125 + .125 + .125 + .125 = 1.0). 1.0,
(. 3.5). 1.0 ,
DASH3DOT. AutoCAD

.

106

, . 0.5,
0.25.
. 3.5, , ,
.

. 3.5. DASH3DOT

LTSCALE
, DASH3DOT 1.0 (.5 + .125 +
+ .125 + .125 + .125 = 1.0). , 1.0, , (. 3.6).
, ,
LTSCALE . LTSCALE ().
Command: LTSCALE
Enter new linetype scale factor <default>:

: LTSCALE
< >:

LTSCALE 1.0. 0.75, 0.75


(1.0 0.75 = 0.75). 0.75 , DASH3DOT ( ___ . . . ___ )
(. 3.7 3.8).

. 3.6. LTSCALE = 1

. 3.7. LTSCALE = 0.99

107

108

. 3.8. LTSCALE = 0.75

.
AutoCAD 12,9. . 3.9 DASH3DOT, .
12,9. 48,36,
. , ,
LTSCALE.
,
.
. . 3.9,
.
LTSCALE
, X, (12.00). ,
,
.
LTSCALE =
= /12.00

109

. 3.9. DASH3DOT LTSCALE

48,36;
LTSCALE = 48/12 = 4;
36,24; 1/4"=1';
LTSCALE = 12 4 (36 / 12) = 144.


, . , 48"36" 48 36 1:1.
LTSCALE 1. acad.lin
, , 0.25.
, 1:1 0.25.
, 1/8"=1',
48"36", LTSCALE 96 (8 12 = 96). LTSCALE 96
96 . ,
24 (0.25 96 = 24). 384'
288' 48"36", 1:96.
, 24",

110

0,25 (24/96 = 0,25). ,


1/8", 12" (1/8 96 = 12).
LTSCALE =
, ,
48" 36" .
, ,
, LTSCALE. ,
45" 34", :
= 48/45= 1,0666;
LTSCALE = LTSCALE = 96 1,0666 =
= 102,4.
LTSCALE =

LTSCALE .

(CELTSCALE)
CELTSCALE, LTSCALE, . ,
CELTSCALE . , CELTSCALE 0.5, , , 0.5. CELTSCALE. . 3.10,
(a) 1, () 0.5.
CELTSCALE 0.5, .
LTSCALE . ,
LTSCALE 2, ,
, .
CELTSCALE LTSCALE. . 3.10 () ,
LTSCALE = 1 CELTSCALE = 0.25. LTSCALE CELTSCALE = 2 0.25 = 0.5.

. ,
Properties (), Properties (),
Standard ().
CHANGE () ltScale.

111

. 3.10. CELTSCALE


(LTSCALE) ,
.
. 3.11 (), DASH3DOT
.
, .
CELTSCALE, . ,
. , , DASH3DOT DASH3DOTX, .
*DASH3DOT,___ . . . ___ . . . ___ . . . ___
,.5,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125
*DASH3DOTX,______ . . . ______
,1,-.25,0,-.25,0,-.25,0,-.25

DASH3DOT ,
DASH3DOTX , . , . . 3.11 () , DASH3DOT
DASH3DOTX.

.
, LTSCALE. , LTSCALE 0.5, DASH3DOT 0.5, DASH3DOTX 1.0 .

112

. 3.11. , DASH3DOT DASH3DOTX


, , acad.lin.
- ,
acad.lin.
, Notepad. MS-DOS
EDIT ( , acad.pgp , EDIT
). , BORDER,
0,5 0,75, acad.lin, ,
. acad.lin,
border centerx2.
;; AutoCAD Linetype Definition file, Version 2.0
;; Copyright 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996 by Autodesk, Inc.
;;
*BORDER,Border __ __ . __ __ . __ __ . __ __ . __ __ .
A,.5,-.25,.5,-.25,0,-.25
*BORDER2,Border (.5x) __.__.__.__.__.__.__.__.__.__.__.
A,.25,-.125,.25,-.125,0,-.125
*BORDERX2,Border (2x) ____ ____ . ____ ____ . ___
A,1.0,-.5,1.0,-.5,0,-.5
*CENTER,Center ____ _ ____ _ ____ _ ____ _ ____ _ ____
A,1.25,-.25,.25,-.25
*CENTER2,Center (.5x) ___ _ ___ _ ___ _ ___ _ ___ _ ___
A,.75,-.125,.125,-.125


*CENTERX2,Center (2x) ________ __ ________ __ _____
A,2.5,-.5,.5,-.5
*DASHDOT,Dash dot __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __
A,.5,-.25,0,-.25
*DASHDOT2,Dash dot (.5x) _._._._._._._._._._._._._._._.
A,.25,-.125,0,-.125
*DASHDOTX2,Dash dot (2x) ____ . ____ . ____ . ___
A,1.0,-.5,0,-.5
*DASHED,Dashed __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ _
A,.5,-.25
*DASHED2,Dashed (.5x) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
A,.25,-.125
*DASHEDX2,Dashed (2x) ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___
A,1.0,-.5
*DIVIDE,Divide ____ . . ____ . . ____ . . ____ . . ____
A,.5,-.25,0,-.25,0,-.25
*DIVIDE2,Divide (.5x) __..__..__..__..__..__..__..__.._
A,.25,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125
*DIVIDEX2,Divide (2x) ________ . . ________ . . _
A,1.0,-.5,0,-.5,0,-.5
*DOT,Dot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A,0,-.25
*DOT2,Dot (.5x) ........................................
A,0,-.125
*DOTX2,Dot (2x) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A,0,-.5
*HIDDEN,Hidden __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
A,.25,-.125
*HIDDEN2,Hidden (.5x) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
A,.125,-.0625
*HIDDENX2,Hidden (2x) ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____
A,.5,-.25
*PHANTOM,Phantom ______ __ __ ______ __ __ ______
A,1.25,-.25,.25,-.25,.25,-.25
*PHANTOM2,Phantom (.5x) ___ _ _ ___ _ _ ___ _ _ ___ _ _
A,.625,-.125,.125,-.125,.125,-.125
____
____ _
*PHANTOMX2,Phantom (2x) ____________
A,2.5,-.5,.5,-.5,.5,-.5
;; ISO 128 (ISO/DIS 12011)
;; ISO
;; 1 .
;; ISO,
;; ,
;; (, 0,5 ltscale = 0.5).
;;

113

114

*ACAD_ISO02W100,ISO dash __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
A,12,-3
*ACAD_ISO04W100,ISO long-dash dot ____ . ____ . ____ . ____ . _
A,24,-3,.5,-3
*ACAD_ISO14W100,ISO dash triple-dot __ . . . __ . . . __ . . . _
A,12,-3,.5,-3,.5,-3,.5,-3
*ACAD_ISO15W100,ISO double-dash triple-dot __ __ . . . __ __ . .
A,12,-3,12,-3,.5,-3,.5,-3,.5,-3
;;
;; .
;; ltypeshp.lin AutoCAD 13,
;; acad.lin AutoCAD 14.
;; ltypeshp.shx.
;;
*FENCELINE1,Fenceline circle ----0-----0----0-----0----0-----0-A,.25,-.1,[CIRC1,ltypeshp.shx,x=-.1,s=.1],-.1,1
*FENCELINE2,Fenceline square ----[]-----[]----[]-----[]----[]--A,.25,-.1,[BOX,ltypeshp.shx,x=-.1,s=.1],-.1,1
*TRACKS,Tracks -|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|A,.15,[TRACK1,ltypeshp.shx,s=.25],.15
*BATTING,Batting SSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSS
A,.0001,-.1,[BAT,ltypeshp.shx,x=-.1,s=.1],-.2,[BAT,ltypeshp.shx,
r=180,x=.1,s=.1],-.1
*HOT_WATER_SUPPLY,Hot water supply ---- HW ---- HW ---- HW ---A,.5,-.2,["HW",STANDARD,S=.1,R=0.0,X=-0.1,Y=-.05],-.2
*GAS_LINE,Gas line ----GAS----GAS----GAS----GAS----GAS----GAS-A,.5,-.2,["GAS",STANDARD,S=.1,R=0.0,X=-0.1,Y=-.05],-.25
*ZIGZAG,Zig zag /\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/
A,.0001,-.2,[ZIG,ltypeshp.shx,x=-.2,s=.2],-.4,[ZIG,ltypeshp.shx,
r=180,x=.2,s=.2],-.2

2
, newlint.lin,
VARDASH, :
1,0;
0,25;
0,75;
0,25;
0,5;
0,25;
;
0,25;
0,5;
0,25;
0,75.

115

1:
, VARDASH.
*VARDASH,____ ___ __ . __ ___ ____
,1,-.25,.75,-.25,.5,-.25,0,-.25,.5,-.25,.75,-.25

2:
, Linetype ( )
Format () LINETYPE . ,
, . 3.12.

. 3.12. , VARDASH


AutoCAD .
: ( )
. . ,
(),
.
.
, , , . ,
(Fence ).
, , .


,
, . 3.13.
:
["", , , ,
X, Y]

116

. 3.13.

. , .
( ).
. , . ( ) .
. , ,
, 0.
, . . 3.13, , 0,1 .
. , .
, , AutoCAD. a.
, . r.
, .
.
X.
, . ,
. , . 3.13,
0,05.
Y.
, .
, Y. , . 3.13,
Y 0,05. ,
0,05 .

3
,
Fence.
0,75. 0,1,
0,05 (. 3.14).

117

. 3.14.
3

1:
,
.
.
, , . :
Fence;
(Standard);
0,1;
0;
X 0,05;
Y -0,05;
0,75;
0,575.

2:
-
. acad.lin
.lin. fence.lin
( 3). NEWFence1.
*NEWFence1,New fence boundary line
A,0.75,["Fence",Standard,S=0.1,A=0,X=0.05,Y=-0.05],-0.575

A,0.75,-0.05["Fence",Standard,S=0.1,A=0,X=0.05,Y=-0.05],-0.525

118

3:
, Linetype ( ) Format () LINETYPE .
- , (. 3.15). ,
. ,
, , (),
(. . 3.15).

4:
, , 0 ( = 0). , NEWFence1
, , , (Fence) (..
0 ). ,
(. 3.16), , , (R = 0).
NEWFence R = 0:
*NEWFence2,New fence boundary line
A,0.75,["Fence",Standard,S=0.1,R=0,X=0.05,Y=-0.05],-0.575

. 3.15. = 0

5:
. 3.16 ,
, . , AutoCAD , ( )
.

119

. 3.16. R = 0

, . , . . 3.17 NEWFence,
. , , . 3.18.
NEWFence :
*NEWFence3,New fence boundary line
A,0.75,-0.287["Fence",Standard,S=0.1,X=-0.237,Y=-0.05],-0.287

,
R = 0. , ,
.

. 3.17. ,

120

. 3.18. ,



.
, ,
, , X Y.
:
[ , , , ,
X, Y]

(. 3.19).

. 3.19.

121

. , . , .
. (.shx),
, . ,
, AutoCAD. SHAPE
(), (.shp).
. , . 1,
, ( .shp).
. , .

, AutoCAD.
a. , .
r. , . .
X. , . ,
. , . 3.19,
0,2.
Y. , .
, Y. , . 3.19,
Y 0.

4
, ( (Manhole); MH)
. 0,1, 0,75, 0,2.

1:
, . .
, , ,
. , , :
MH;
mhole.shx ( );
0,1;
0;
X 0,2;
Y 0;
0,75;
0,2.

122

. 3.20. ( 4)

2:
-
. , , .shp. mhole.shp, 4.
MH. ( 11.)
*215,9,MH
001,10,(1,007),
001,10,(1,071),0

3:
( .shp), COMPILE (). Select Shape or Font File ( ),
. 3.21. FILEDIA 0,
. , :
Command: COMPILE
Enter shape (.SHP) or PostScript font (.PFB) file name: MHOLE

: COMPILE
(.SHP) PostScript (.PFB): MHOLE

4:
. acad.lin
.lin.
mhole.lin, 4. MHOLE.
*MHOLE,Line with Manholes
A,0.75,[MH,MHOLE.SHX,S=0.10,X=0.2,Y=0],-0.2

123

. 3.21. Select Shape or Font File

5:
, , Linetype ( ) Format () LINETYPE .
. -
, .
: ,
. . 3.22
MHOLE , ,
().

. 3.22.

124

. 3.23.


AutoCAD ( acad.pat),
67 . , .
, - ,
AutoCAD, .
acad.pat
, .
, , .
.


,
(*). , . . .
, :
* , [ ]

* ;
;
.
,
. ; .

*DASH45, 45

DASH45 ;
45 .

125


,
. ,
:
, X, Y, D1, D2, [ ]

;
X X- ;
Y Y- ;
D1 ( X);
D2 ( Y);
( ).

45,0,0,0,0.5,0.5,-0.125,0,-0.125

45 ;
0 X;
0 Y;
0 X;
0.5 Y;
0.5 ( );
-0.125 ( );
0 ( );
-0.125 ( );
0.5,-0.125,0,-0.125 .


X Y. ,
. ,
(. 3.24), , .
,
X Y.
HATCH LINES

HATCH ANGLE

+X AXIS

,
X Y. . 3.25 , X = 0 Y = 0. . 3.25
X = 0 Y = 0,25.

126

. 3.24.

. 3.25.

X Y. X (Delta-X)
. , 0 , X 0,5,
X (0,5) . ,
45 , X (0,5) , 45 (. 3.26).
Y . ,
Y 1,0,
1,0 (. 3.26).

127

. 3.26.


, . X Y.
X Y (. . 3.26). , . , , , , , ,
. 3.27. ,
, , . . 3.27 a ,
AutoCAD. ;
. . 3.27 ,
, .

. 3.27. , ,

128


,
.
, .
.

5
, . 3.28.
:
HATCH1;
: X = 0, Y = 0;
0,5;
0;
(Continuous).

1:
acad.pat
, - ( Notepad MS-DOS). acad.pat,
AutoCAD2004\SUPPORT, :
*HATCH1, 5
45,0,0,0,.5

45 ;
0 X;
0 Y;
0 ;
.5 .
. ,
, 45 .
X Y, ,
. X
Y 0,5 1,0,
0,5 1,0. , . 3.28, .

2:
Boundary Hatch and Fill ( ), Hatch (),
Draw (), Hatch () Draw ().
Predefined () Type ().

129

. 3.28.

Pattern
() Hatch Pattern Palette ( ), [...],
Pattern. .
Boundary Hatch and Fill. ,
, Scale ()
Angle ().
Boundary Hatch and Fill, BHATCH
() . , ,
-HATCH (-).



,
, .
HATCH (),
.
, ,
- , HATCH1, 5. ,
HATCH1. . 3.29 0 1,0. 0,
, .
, 1,
, . . 3.29 , 0,5.
, 0,25 (0,5 0,5 = 0,25).
. 3.29 , 45
1,0 0,5 .
, ,
-HATCH (-).

130

. 3.29.


,
.
. , ,
, , . , , ,
. 6 ,
.

6
, . 3.30.
, , C:\Program Files\Hatch1,
. :
HATCH2;
0;
: X = 0, Y = 0;
(D1) 0,25;
(D2) 0,25;
0,5;
0,125;
0,125.

131

D1=0.25

D2=0.25

0.125

0.125

0.5

0.125

. 3.30. ,


acad.pat
, - ( Notepad MS-DOS). acad.pat
EDIT (). :
* ,
, X, Y, D1, D2, [, ......]

, 6, :
*HATCH2,
0,0,0,0.25,0.25,0.5,-0.125,0,-0.125,0,-0.125

0 ;
0 X;
0 Y;
0.25 ( X);
0.25 ( Y);
0.5 ;
-0.125 ( );
0 ( );
-0.125 ( );
0 ( );
-0.125 ( ).

132


, ,
AutoCAD Support ,
. , ,
.
Program Files
Hatch1. acad.pat,
HATCH2.
, .
Options (), Options ()
. , .
, , Options () Tools ()
OPTIONS () . Search paths, file names and file locations ( ,
), Files (). ,
Support File Search Path ( ), . 3.31.
, Add ().
C:\Program Files\Hatch1 ,
Browse (). Apply () , OK.
.

. 3.31. Options

133

, , 5.
, , . 3.32. ,
. 3.32 a 0 1,0, . 3.32 45
0,5.

. 3.32. ,

,
,
. , , , , .
, .
, , ,
. , ,
. , , , ,
. , ,
. , . 7
.

7
, . 3.33.
:
HATCH3;
( ) 0,5;
( ) 0,5;

134

0,5;
0,5.
, , : ( ) (, 45 ).

. 3.33.

1:
, . 3.34, :
90 ;
: X = 0, Y = 0;
X (D1) 0;
Y (D2) 1,0;
0,5;
0,5.

. 3.34.

, :
90,0,0,0,1,.5,-.5

135

90 ;
0 ;
0 Y;
0 X;
1 Y;
.5 ( );
-.5 ( ).

2:
(. 3.35) :
0 ;
: X = 0, Y = 0,5;
X (D1) 0;
Y (D2) 1,0;
0,5;
0,5.

. 3.35.

. 0 ,
90 . , :
0,0,0.5,0,1,.5,-.5

0 ;
0 ;
0.5 Y;
0 X;
1 Y;
.5 ( );
-.5 ( ).

136

3:
, ( X) ( Y), () ().

. 3.36. , 45

45 ;
: X = 0, Y = 0;
X (D1) 0,7071;
Y (D2) 0,7071;
0,7071;
0,7071;

,
:
45,0,0,.7071,.7071,.7071,-.7071

45 ;
0 ;
0 Y;
.7071 X;
.7071 Y;
.7071 ( );
-.7071 ( ).

4:
acad.pat . acad.pat EDIT.

137

acad.pat, , 5, 6 7.
*SOLID, Solid fill
45, 0,0, 0,.125
*ANGLE, Angle steel
0, 0,0, 0,.275, .2,-.075
90, 0,0, 0,.275, .2,-.075
*ANSI31, ANSI Iron, Brick, Stone masonry
45, 0,0, 0,.125
*ANSI32, ANSI Steel
45, 0,0, 0,.375
45, .176776695,0, 0,.375
*ANSI33, ANSI Bronze, Brass, Copper
45, 0,0, 0,.25
45, .176776695,0, 0,.25, .125,-.0625
*ANSI34, ANSI Plastic, Rubber
45, 0,0, 0,.75
45, .176776695,0, 0,.75
45, .353553391,0, 0,.75
45, .530330086,0, 0,.75
*ANSI35, ANSI Fire brick, Refractory material
45, 0,0, 0,.25
45, .176776695,0, 0,.25, .3125,-.0625,0,-.0625
*ANSI36, ANSI Marble, Slate, Glass
45, 0,0, .21875,.125, .3125,-.0625,0,-.0625
|
|
*SWAMP, Swampy area
0, 0,0, .5,.866025403, .125,-.875
90, .0625,0, .866025403,.5, .0625,-1.669550806
90, .078125,0, .866025403,.5, .05,-1.682050806
90, .046875,0, .866025403,.5, .05,-1.682050806
|
|
*ZIGZAG, Staircase effect
0, 0,0, .125,.125, .125,-.125
90, .125,0, .125,.125, .125,-.125
*HATCH1,Hatch at 45 Degree Angle
45,0,0,0,.5
*HATCH2,Hatch with Dashes & Dots
0,0,0,.25,.25,.5,-.125,0,-.125,0,-.125
*HATCH3,Triangle Hatch
90,0,0,0,1,.5,-.5
0,0,0.5,1,.5,-.5
45,0,0,.7071,.7071,.-7071

Hatch3.pat ( , , 5), . ,
(HATCH3), . 3.37. , . 3.37 a , 0 0,5, . 3.37
45 0,5.

138

. 3.37. , HATCH3


AutoCAD acad.pat. . , -
, acad.pat. , . , ,
, customh.pat.
1. acad.pat acadorg.pat.
2. customh.pat acad.pat.
, acadorg.pat
acad.pat.


, acad.pat. ,
, . ,
, .
:
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. , , , AutoCAD. Options
(). AutoCAD
Boundary Hatch and Fill ( ).

139

*HATCH3,Triangle Hatch
90,0,0,0,1,.5,-.5
0,0,0.5,1,.5,-.5
45,0,0,.7071,.7071,.-7071

, EXPLODE (). ,
.
, . , , 100 ,
. ,
99 .
, .
- , .

, , Support File Search Path ( ), File () Options ().



AutoCAD Preview Area () Hatch Pattern Palette ( ). , [...],
Boundary Hatch and Fill (
). ,
.


,
.


1.
________.
2. , , ________.
3. ________.
4. , ________ , .
5. ________.
6. LINETYPE _____.
7. ________. (/)
8. ________.
9. ________ .

140


10. , ________.
11. acad.pat ________ .
12. ________.
13. , ________ ________.


1. ________.
2. ________ .
3. AutoCAD ________.
4. AutoCAD , ________.
5. ________.
6. ________.


7. ________.
8. ________.
9. , ,
________.
10. , ,
________ , .
11. , , ________.
12. , AutoCAD ________.
13. , ________ , ________.

141


1 ()
LINETYPE, DASH3DASH,
:
0,75;
0,125;
0,25;
0,125;
0,25;
0,125;
0,25;
0,125.

2 ()
, newlt2.lin, DASH2DASH, :
0,5;
0,1;
0,2;
0,1;
0,2;
0.

3 ()
. (
), . 3.38 a.
HW (Hot Water), - , .
. (),
. 3.38 . , ,
..

. 3.38.

142


4 ()
, . 3.39, .

. 3.39. 4

5 ()
, . 3.40, .

. 3.40. 5


1 LTSCALE, 2 47, 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 Create, 7 , 8 acad.lin, 9 CELTSCALE, 10 , 11 67, 12 acad.pat,
13 X Y.

ACAD.PGP


, :
ACAD.PGP;
ACAD.PGP;
, ;
PGP-,
REINIT.

144

AutoCAD
AutoCAD acad.pgp, ( )
AutoCAD. AutoCAD , Windows 2000 Windows XP, C:/Documents and Settings/Owner/Application
Data/Autodesk/AutoCAD 2004/R16.0/enu/support. , Windows 98,
C:/Windows/Local Settings/Application Data/Autodesk/AutoCAD 2004/
R16.0/enu/support. acad.pgp
. , ,
DEL (Command:DEL),
.

AutoCAD. , LINE () L. L (Command:L), AutoCAD
, LINE. acad.pgp
, . acad.pgp. , .
; AutoCAD AutoCAD 2004
;
; Copyright (C) 1997-2002 by Autodesk, Inc.
; ,
; , AutoCAD
; acad.pgp.
; -- -; AutoCAD
; , , Windows,
; .
; ,
; AutoCAD,
; , .
; -- -; AutoCAD,
;
; acad.pgp.
; AutoCAD,
; .
; acad.pgp
; .
; :
; < >,[< >],< >,[*]
< >,
; :
; 1:
; 2:
; 4: "" ( )

ACAD.PGP
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;

8:
.
2 4 ;
, 2.
0(
), 1 ( ),
3 ( ) 5(
). 2 4
, AutoCAD
.
8 , DEL,
(" .dwg").
,
-.

, "8" .

CATALOG,
DIR /W, 8,File specification:,
DEL,
DEL,
8,File to delete:,
DIR,
DIR,
8,File specification:,
EDIT,
START EDIT,
9,File to edit:,
SH,
,
1,*OS Command:,
SHELL,
,
1,*OS Command:,
START,
START,
1,*Application to start:,
TYPE,
TYPE,
8,File to list:,
; Windows
; ,
; AutoLISP (STARTAPP).
EXPLORER,
NOTEPAD,
PBRUSH,

START EXPLORER,
START NOTEPAD,
START PBRUSH,

1,,
1,*File to edit:,
1,,

; :
; <>,*< >
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;

.
1.
.
<Ctrl>,
. : Control N,
Control O, Control P Control S New, Open, Print Save.
2. , ,
.
3. , ,
. : R Redraw,
RA Redrawall, L Line, LT Linetype.
4. ,
, .
: B Block, -B -Block.

145

146

; : AA Area, T Mtext, X Explode.


; -- AutoCAD -; .
3A,
3DO,
3F,
3P,
A,
ADC,
AA,
AL,
AP,
AR,
-AR,
ATT,
-ATT,
ATE,
-ATE,
ATTE,
B,
-B,
BH,
BO,
-BO,
BR,
C,
CH,
-CH,
CHA,
COL,
COLOUR,
CO,
D,
DAL,
DAN,
DBA,
DBC,
DCE,
DCO,
DDA,
DDI,
DED,
DI,
DIV,
DLI,
DO,
DOR,
DOV,
DR,

*3DARRAY
*3DORBIT
*3DFACE
*3DPOLY
*ARC
*ADCENTER
*AREA
*ALIGN
*APPLOAD
*ARRAY
*-ARRAY
*ATTDEF
*-ATTDEF
*ATTEDIT
*-ATTEDIT
*-ATTEDIT
*BLOCK
*-BLOCK
*BHATCH
*BOUNDARY
*-BOUNDARY
*BREAK
*CIRCLE
*PROPERTIES
*CHANGE
*CHAMFER
*COLOR
*COLOR
*COPY
*DIMSTYLE
*DIMALIGNED
*DIMANGULAR
*DIMBASELINE
*DBCONNECT
*DIMCENTER
*DIMCONTINUE
*DIMDISASSOCIATE
*DIMDIAMETER
*DIMEDIT
*DIST
*DIVIDE
*DIMLINEAR
*DONUT
*DIMORDINATE
*DIMOVERRIDE
*DRAWORDER

ACAD.PGP
DRA,
DRE,
DS,
DST,
DT,
DV,
E,
ED,
EL,
EX,
EXIT,
EXP,
EXT,
F,
FI,
G,
-G,
GR,
H,
-H,
HE,
I,
-I,
IAD,
IAT,
ICL,
IM,
-IM,
IMP,
IN,
INF,
IO,
L,
LA,
-LA,
LE,
LEN,
LI,
LINEWEIGHT,
LO,
LS,
LT,
-LT,
LTYPE,
-LTYPE,
LTS,
LW,
M,
MA,
ME,
MI,

*DIMRADIUS
*DIMREASSOCIATE
*DSETTINGS
*DIMSTYLE
*DTEXT
*DVIEW
*ERASE
*DDEDIT
*ELLIPSE
*EXTEND
*QUIT
*EXPORT
*EXTRUDE
*FILLET
*FILTER
*GROUP
*-GROUP
*DDGRIPS
*BHATCH
*HATCH
*HATCHEDIT
*INSERT
*-INSERT
*IMAGEADJUST
*IMAGEATTACH
*IMAGECLIP
*IMAGE
*-IMAGE
*IMPORT
*INTERSECT
*INTERFERE
*INSERTOBJ
*LINE
*LAYER
*-LAYER
*QLEADER
*LENGTHEN
*LIST
*LWEIGHT
*-LAYOUT
*LIST
*LINETYPE
*-LINETYPE
*LINETYPE
*-LINETYPE
*LTSCALE
*LWEIGHT
*MOVE
*MATCHPROP
*MEASURE
*MIRROR

147

148

ML,
MO,
MS,
MT,
MV,
O,
OP,
OS,
-OS,
P,
-P,
PA,
PARTIALOPEN,
PE,
PL,
PO,
POL,
PR,
PRCLOSE,
PROPS,
PRE,
PRINT,
PS,
PTW,
PU,
-PU,
R,
RA,
RE,
REA,
REC,
REG,
REN,
-REN,
REV,
RM,
RO,
RPR,
RR,
S,
SC,
SCR,
SE,
SEC,
SET,
SHA,
SL,
SN,
SO,
SP,
SPL,

*MLINE
*PROPERTIES
*MSPACE
*MTEXT
*MVIEW
*OFFSET
*OPTIONS
*OSNAP
*-OSNAP
*PAN
*-PAN
*PASTESPEC
*-PARTIALOPEN
*PEDIT
*PLINE
*POINT
*POLYGON
*OPTIONS
*PROPERTIESCLOSE
*PROPERTIES
*PREVIEW
*PLOT
*PSPACE
*PUBLISHTOWEB
*PURGE
*-PURGE
*REDRAW
*REDRAWALL
*REGEN
*REGENALL
*RECTANGLE
*REGION
*RENAME
*-RENAME
*REVOLVE
*DDRMODES
*ROTATE
*RPREF
*RENDER
*STRETCH
*SCALE
*SCRIPT
*DSETTINGS
*SECTION
*SETVAR
*SHADE
*SLICE
*SNAP
*SOLID
*SPELL
*SPLINE

ACAD.PGP
SPE,
ST,
SU,
T,
-T,
TA,
TH,
TI,
TO,
TOL,
TOR,
TR,
UC,
UCP,
UN,
-UN,
UNI,
V,
-V,
VP,
-VP,
W,
-W,
WE,
X,
XA,
XB,
-XB,
XC,
XL,
XR,
-XR,
Z,

*SPLINEDIT
*STYLE
*SUBTRACT
*MTEXT
*-MTEXT
*TABLET
*THICKNESS
*TILEMODE
*TOOLBAR
*TOLERANCE
*TORUS
*TRIM
*DDUCS
*DDUCSP
*UNITS
*-UNITS
*UNION
*VIEW
*-VIEW
*DDVPOINT
*VPOINT
*WBLOCK
*-WBLOCK
*WEDGE
*EXPLODE
*XATTACH
*XBIND
*-XBIND
*XCLIP
*XLINE
*XREF
*-XREF
*ZOOM

; ,
; AutoCAD 13.
AV,
*DSVIEWER
CP,
*COPY
DIMALI,
*DIMALIGNED
DIMANG,
*DIMANGULAR
DIMBASE,
*DIMBASELINE
DIMCONT,
*DIMCONTINUE
DIMDIA,
*DIMDIAMETER
DIMED,
*DIMEDIT
DIMTED,
*DIMTEDIT
DIMLIN,
*DIMLINEAR
DIMORD,
*DIMORDINATE
DIMRAD,
*DIMRADIUS
DIMSTY,
*DIMSTYLE
DIMOVER,
*DIMOVERRIDE
LEAD,
*LEADER
TM,
*TILEMODE

149

150

; , "/URL"
; AutoCAD 14
SAVEURL,
*SAVE
OPENURL,
*OPEN
INSERTURL,
*INSERT
; , AutoCAD 2000:
AAD,
*DBCONNECT
AEX,
*DBCONNECT
ALI,
*DBCONNECT
ASQ,
*DBCONNECT
ARO,
*DBCONNECT
ASE,
*DBCONNECT
DDATTDEF,
*ATTDEF
DDATTEXT,
*ATTEXT
DDCHPROP,
*PROPERTIES
DDCOLOR,
*COLOR
DDLMODES,
*LAYER
DDLTYPE,
*LINETYPE
DDMODIFY,
*PROPERTIES
DDOSNAP,
*OSNAP
DDUCS,
*UCS
; , AutoCAD 2004:
ACADBLOCKDIALOG,
*BLOCK
ACADWBLOCKDIALOG,
*WBLOCK
ADCENTER,
*ADCENTER
BMAKE,
*BLOCK
BMOD,
*BLOCK
BPOLY,
*BOUNDARY
CONTENT,
*ADCENTER
DDATTE,
*ATTEDIT
DDIM,
*DIMSTYLE
DDINSERT,
*INSERT
DDPLOTSTAMP,
*PLOTSTAMP
DDRMODES,
*DSETTINGS
DDSTYLE,
*STYLE
DDUCS,
*UCSMAN
DDUCSP,
*UCSMAN
DDUNITS,
*UNITS
DDVIEW,
*VIEW
DIMHORIZONTAL,
*DIMLINEAR
DIMROTATED,
*DIMLINEAR
DIMVERTICAL,
*DIMLINEAR
DOUGHNUT,
*DONUT
DTEXT,
*TEXT
DWFOUT,
*PLOT
DXFIN,
*OPEN
DXFOUT,
*SAVEAS
PAINTER,
*MATCHPROP
PREFERENCES,
*OPTIONS
RECTANGLE,
*RECTANG
SHADE,
*SHADEMODE
VIEWPORTS,
*VPORTS

ACAD.PGP

151

ACAD.PGP
AutoCAD (acad.pgp)
, . , . ,
; AutoCAD. acad.pgp :
, .

, acad.pgp, .
(;). , AutoCAD
, .
- ,
AutoCAD , .



, .
:
< >,[ ],
< >,[*],< >

. ,
AutoCAD. , goword
, Word
(Command: goword). ,
AutoCAD.
AutoCAD, PGP- . ,
,
. , , . (, hello ,
.) ,
.
. , . , DOS DEL, , acad.pgp, DEL. ,
:
(DEL, DIR, TYPE, COPY, RENAME, EDLIN ..);
(WORD,
SHELL ..);
.

152

. , 8
1. :

( )

. , ,
. ,
. ,
(*). , EDIT NEW.PGP
EDIT NEW ,
. ,
<Enter>. (, DIR,
DEL TYPE), , , . <Enter> <Spacebar>
().


,
AutoCAD. <Enter>, . AutoCAD , . AutoCAD (acad.pgp). (, L,
*LINE). (L) ;
AutoCAD (*LINE). AutoCAD
,
. . , , . ( ) AutoCAD, AutoLISP,
, .

1
AutoCAD AutoCAD (acad.pgp).

GOWORD

(Winword),
C:\Program Files\Winword

RN

DOS

COP

DOS

153

ACAD.PGP

EL

Ellipse

Trim

CO

Copy

CH

Chamfer

Offset

ST

Stretch

Scale

MI

Mirror

acad.pgp
ASCII. EDIT
() ( , acad.pgp)
- , , Notepad Wordpad.
acad.pgp, , ( 1). , ,
, . ,
, .
DEL,DEL,
DIR,DIR,
EDIT,START EDIT,
SH,,
SHELL,,
START,START,

8,File to delete:,
8,File specification:,
8,File to edit:,
1,*OS Command:,
1,*OS Command:,
1,Application to start:,

GOWORD,
RN,RENAME,
COP,COPY,
DIMLIN,
DIMORD,
DIMRAD,
DIMSTY,
DIMOVER,
LEAD,
TM,
EL,
CO,
O,
S,
MI,
ST,

START WINWORD,1,,
8,File to rename:,
8,File to copy:,
*DIMLINEAR
*DIMORDINATE
*DIMRADIUS
*DIMSTYLE
*DIMOVERRIDE
*LEADER
*TILEMODE
*ELLIPSE
*COPY
*OFFSET
*SCALE
*MIRROR
*STRETCH

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

8
GOWORD, START WINWORD,1,,

GOWORD
Windows (WINWORD). (winword.exe)
Program Files.

154

9 10
RN,RENAME, 8,File to rename: ,
COP,COPY, 8,File to copy: ,

9 RENAME (), COPY (). 8


() , File to rename
File to copy, , .

18 19
EL, *ELLIPSE
CO, *COPY

18 (EL) ELLIPSE (),


(CO) COPY.
. ,
.

, , . , , S, *SCALE. , , .

ACAD.PGP
ACAD.PGP - , . .
AutoCAD, . acad.pgp. , acad.pgp
REINIT.
-,
AutoCAD ( acad.pgp).
REINIT Re-initialization, . 4.1.
,
. AutoCAD . 4.1.
,
Re-initialization
,
.

- acad.pgp,
. , AutoCAD.

ACAD.PGP

155


,
.
1. acad.pgp _______
AutoCAD ________.
2. ________.
3. AutoCAD, ,
________.
4. ________.
5. AutoCAD ________.


, .
1. , , . (/
)
2. AutoCAD , . (/)
3. AutoCAD. (/)
4. 8. (/)
5. , ,
. (/)
6. AutoLISP . (/)
7. acad.pgp AutoCAD.
(/)
8. acad.pgp ASCII. (/)

1 ()
AutoCAD AutoCAD (acad.pgp).

MYWORDPAD

WORDPAD,
C:\Program Files\Accessories

MYEXCEL

EXCEL, C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office

CD

CHKDSK

FORMAT

FORMAT

156

BL

BLOCK

INS

INSERT

DIS

DISTANCE

TE

TIME

LTS

LTSCALE

EXP

EXPLODE

GR

GRID


1 QUIT, , 2 REINIT, 3 , 4 , 5 .


,
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
.

158

AutoCAD
AutoCAD. AutoCAD , acad.mnu. AutoCAD.
acad.mnu AutoCAD, , . , Draw (), Modify
().
, (
, , ).
, .
AutoCAD
, .
acad.mnu . , , . ,
. , , ,
. , .mnu, MENU ().
- , Wordpad
Notepad. ,
. AutoCAD
.
***SCREEN
***TABLET(n)
***IMAGE
***POP(n)
***BUTTONS(n)
***AUX(n)
***MENUGROUPE
***TOOLBARS
***HELPSTRING
***ACCELERATORS

n 1 4
n 1 499 ( n = 0
500 999)
n 1 4
n 1 4

. ( ) 499 .
.

***TABLET1
***TABLET2
***TABLET3
***TABLET4

, ...

159


***BUTTONS1
***BUTTONS2
***BUTTONS3
***BUTTONS4


***AUX1
***AUX2
***AUX3
***AUX4


***POP0
***POP1
***POP2
***POP3
***POP4
***POP5
***POP6
...
***POP497
***POP498
***POP499


acad.mnu. AutoCAD ( , ). ,
, .
- , ,
, .
, ,
, (. 5.1).
499 , POP1, POP2, POP3, ...,
POP499.


, ,
, .
,
. , ,
, ,
. ,
.

160

. 5.1.

, , , . ,
, . ,
1.

LINE
Command: LINE
Specify first point: .
Specify next point or [Undo]: .
LINE
<Enter>

CIRCLE (C,R)
Command: CIRCLE
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan
radius)]: .
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]: .

.
CIRCLE
<Enter>

<Enter>

<Enter>

, ...

CIRCLE (C,D)
Command: CIRCLE
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan
radius)]: .
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]: D
Specify diameter of circle: .

:
CIRCLE
<Enter>

<Enter>
D
<Enter>

<Enter>

CIRCLE (2P)
Command: CIRCLE
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 2P
Specify first end point of circle's diameter:
.
Specify second end point of circle's diameter:
.

:
CIRCLE
<Enter>
2P
<Enter>

<Enter>

<Enter>

ERASE
Command: ERASE

:
ERASE
<Enter>

MOVE
Command: MOVE

:
MOVE
<Enter>

161

162

C,R ( ) C,D ( ) CIRCLE


() . , , . Diameter
(), D. ,
. 2P ( ), CIRCLE.
AutoCAD, , , .
(
Wordpad Notepad). EDIT ().
AutoCAD ,
. .
.mnu. , . . ,
, .

EDIT , acad.pgp ,
AutoCAD.

1
AutoCAD , .
LINE
PLINE
CIRCLE
CIRCLE
CIRCLE
CIRCLE

C,R
C,D
2P
3P

ERASE
MOVE
COPY
STRETCH
EXTEND
OFFSET

REDRAW
REGEN
ZOOM ALL
ZOOM WIN
ZOOM PRE

. 5.2.

SAVE
QUIT
PLOT

163

, ...

1:
, . . 5.2
. ; , : POP1, POP2, POP3
POP4, . 1.
, .

2:
***POP1
[DRAW]
[LINE]*^C^CLINE
[PLINE]^C^CPLINE
[--]
[CIR-C,R]^C^CCIRCLE
[CIR-C,D]^C^CCIRCLE \D
[CIR-2P]^C^CCIRCLE 2P
[CIR-3P]^C^CCIRCLE 3P
***POP2
[EDIT]
[ERASE]*^C^CERASE
[MOVE]^C^CMOVE
[COPY]^C^CCOPY
[STRETCH]^C^CSTRETCH;C
[EXTEND]^C^CEXTEND
[OFFSET]^C^COFFSET
***POP3
[DISPLAY]
[REDRAW]'REDRAW
[REGEN]^C^CREGEN
[--]
[ZOOM-All]^C^CZOOM A
[ZOOM-Window]'ZOOM-W
[ZOOM-Prev]'ZOOM PREV
[~Exit]^C
***POP4
[UTILITY]
[SAVE]^C^CSAVE;
[QUIT]^C^CQUIT
[----]
[PLOT]^C^CPLOT
[EXIT]^C^CEXIT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33

1
***POP1

POP1 .
AutoCAD (***), ( POP1).

164

2
[DRAW]

DRAW ,
.
, , . DRAW (. 5.3), ,
, EDIT, .
, , . 5.3.
,
Draw
. , , .
, , ,
80 . 16 ,
5 . ,
AutoCAD , 80-
, . .
, ,
. ,
. . , [DRAW]
, DRAW (POP1)
(POP2).

***POP1
[LINE:]^CLINE
[PLINE]^CPLINE
[CIRCLE]^CCIRCLE


( POP1)

.
. 1 DRAW , EDIT,
DISPLAY UTILITY .

3
*^C^CLINE

(*), , <Esc> <Ctrl+C> . ^C^C


. LINE AutoCAD,
.
*^C^CLINE

, ...

165

* ();
^C^C ;
LINE AutoCAD.

5
[--]

, , (--). , , . , ( ***POP), , .

24
[ZOOM-Window]'ZOOM W

('), ZOOM (),


ZOOM Window (). , . , ZOOM Window (. 5.4),
AutoCAD
.

. 5.4 Display

[ZOOM-Window]'ZOOM W

W Window ();
ZOOM AutoCAD;
' , .

26
[~Exit]^C

. (~), ( ). .

. -
, . ,
[~OSNAPS]^C^C$S = OSNAPS OSNAPS .

29
[SAVE]^C^CSAVE;

(;), SAVE (),


ENTER. ;
.
[SAVE]^C^CSAVE;

166

SAVE AutoCAD;
; , ENTER.

31
[----]

.
. ([-]),
AutoCAD .

33
[Exit]^C

^C
, . AutoCAD, .
, :
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. <Esc>.
5. .


. - (, POP16)
, ,
.
(//). AutoCAD , .
(ENTER); .

, , ,
AutoCAD , .
,
. AutoCAD,
1, , .
AutoCAD

Command: LINE

[LINE]^C^CLINE

Command: CIRCLE
Specify center point for circle or
[3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]:

[CIR-C,R]^C^CCIRCLE

, ...
AutoCAD

Command: CIRCLE
Specify center point for circle or
[3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]: D
Specify diameter of circle:
Command: CIRCLE
Specify center point for circle or
[3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 2P
Specify first end point of circle's
diameter:
Specify second end point of circle's
diameter:
Command: ERASE
Command: MOVE

[CIR-C,D]^C^CCIRCLE;\D

167

[CIR- 2P]^C^CCIRCLE;\2P

[ERASE]^C^CERASE
[MOVE]^C^CMOVE


, AutoCAD acad.mnu ( , acad.mnu
). , , MENU.
MENU () Select Menu File ( ), . 5.5.
, , Open ().

. 5.5. Select Menu File

168

,
FILEDIA 0.
Command: FILEDIA
Enter new value for FILEDIA <1>: 0
Command: MENU
Enter menu file name or [.(for none)] < >: PDM1

:
PDM1 ;
< > .
MENU,
. (.mnu),
AutoCAD . MNC MNR. AutoCAD
:
.mnc
.mnr

(.mnu), AutoCAD
.mnc .mnr. .mnc . .mnr ,

.mns

AutoCAD .mns.
ASCII,
.mnu,
. .mnu,
AutoCAD .mns

,
, , (
acad.mnu) , ,
.
, Select Menu File (
), MENU . acad.mnu
Support, Open ().
, FILEDIA 1.
, - , (\). , .
(\) .
, , . , ,
. .
, , , , ,
. , , 21 .
, ,
.

, .
80 .

, ...

169

, AutoCAD. , ,
.
TEXT
TEXT ,
, .
SKETCH
SKETCH, .

1
, AutoCAD. . 5.6.
DRAW
LINE
PLINE
ELLIPSE
POLYGON
DONUT

EDIT
FILLET0
FILLET
CHAMFER
STRETCH
EXTEND
OFFSET

DISP/TEXT
TEXT,C
TEXT,L
DTEXT,R
ZOOM WIN
ZOOM PRE

UTILITY
SAVE
QUIT
END
DIR
PLOT

. 5.6. 1


. , .
, , , 21
. ,
,

170

. , , , .

, .
, , .
AutoCAD , . , -> , <-
. , , .

--

. .
: [Triang:]^C^Cline;1,1;+3,1;2,2;

->

, ;
.
: [-> Draw]

<-


. .
: [<-CIRCLE 3P]^C^CCIRCLE;3P

<-<...

, .
.
: [<-<-Center Mark]^C^C_dim;_center

$(


DIESEL.
.
: $(if,$(getvar,orthomode),Ortho)

, , ;
.
: [~Application not available]

!.

&

, ,
. , [W&Block]
Wblock. ,

/c

, ,
. , [/BW&Block]
Wblock. ,

\t

, ,

, ,
.
: [--]

, ...

171

, 80 . , 10
, 8 .
, , , AutoCAD .
:
1. ***POP1 ***POP16.
.
2. ,
, .
3. 999 . , . , 999, .
4. , ,
. , ,
. , 35
, , , .

2
, , . 5.7.
.

. 5.7. 2

1:
2. , .

172

***POP1
[DRAW]
[LINE]^C^CLINE
[PLINE]^C^CPLINE
[->ARC]
[ARC]^C^CARC
[ARC,3P]^C^CARC
[ARC,SCE]^C^CARC;\C
[ARC,SCA]^C^CARC;\C;\A
[ARC,CSE]^C^CARC;\C
[ARC,CSA]^C^CARC;\C;\\A
[<-ARC,CSL]^C^CARC;C;\\L
[->CIRCLE]
[CIRCLE C,R]^C^CCIRCLE
[CIRCLE C,D]^C^CCIRCLE;\D
[CIRCLE 2P]^C^CCIRCLE;2P
[CIRCLE 3P]^C^CCIRCLE;3P
[--]
[Exit]^C
***POP2
[BLOCKS]
[BLOCK]^C^CBLOCK
[INSERT]*^C^CINSERT
[WBLOCK]^C^CWBLOCK
[--]
[Exit]^C
***POP3
[UTILITY]
[SAVE]^C^CSAVE;
[QUIT]^C^CQUIT
[PLOT]^C^CPLOT
[--]
[Exit]^C

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33

5
[->ARC]

(ARC), ->.
, . , ( 612),
, . 5.8.

12
[<-ARC,CSL]^C^CARC;C;\\L

ARC,CSL,
<-,
. , ,
.

. 5.8. Draw
Arc

173

, ...

13 17
[->CIRCLE]
[<-CIRCLE 3P]^C^CCIRCLE;3P

->,
CIRCLE, , . <-,
CIRCLE 3P, , .
CIRCLE
(. 5.9).

. 5.9. Draw Circle

2:
exm2.mnu. MENU (). DRAW, BLOCKS UTILITY.

3
, ,
. 5.10.

. 5.10. 3


3. , .
***POP1
[CIR-DIM-DISP]
[->CIRCLE]
[CIRCLE C,R]^C^CCIRCLE

1
2
3
4

174

[CIRCLE C,D]^C^CCIRCLE;\D
[CIRCLE 2P]^C^CCIRCLE;2P
[CIRCLE 3P]^C^CCIRCLE;3P
[->Dimension]
[->Linear]
[Horizontal]^C^C_dimlinear
[Vertical]^C^C_dimlinear
[Aligned]^C^C_dimaligned
[Rotated]^C^C_dimrotated
[Baseline]^C^C_dimbaseline
[<-Continue]^C^C_dimcontinue
[->Radial]
[Diameter]^C^C_dimdiameter
[Radius]^C^C_dimradius
[<-<-Center Mark]^C^C_dimcenter
[->DISPLAY]
[REDRAW]^C^CREDRAW
[->ZOOM]
[...Win]^C^C_ZOOM;_W
[...Cros]^C^C_ZOOM;_C
[...Pre]^C^C_ZOOM;_P
[...All]^C^C_ZOOM;_A
[<-...Exit]^C^C_ZOOM;_E
[<-PAN]^C^C_Pan

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28

8 9
[->Dimensions]
[->Linear]

->,
Dimensions, ,
. ->,
Linear,
. . 5.11,
Linear Dimensions. ,
1015,
Linear. , Linear
Radial Dimensions.

. 5.11. CIR-DIM-DISP Dimensions

16
[->Radial]

, , 17, 18 19.

19
[<-<-Center Mark]^C^C_dimcenter

<-<-, , Radial Dimensions.

, ...

175

27 28
[<-...Exit]^C^C_ZOOM;_E
[<-PAN]^C^C_Pan

<-, ...Exit,
ZOOM (. 5.12). <-,
PAN, DISPLAY.

. 5.12. CIR-DIM-DISP Display



, 499 ( ,
999). ***POP0 ***POP500***POP999.
.
.
, ,
. .
1. ***POP0
***POP500***POP999. , ,
.
2. . , , ,
.
3. 0 $P0=*.
POP500POP999
. ,
AutoCAD, GRIPS, CMDEFAULT, CMEDIT CMCOMMAND. ,
POP500 , ***GRIPS POP500. (
GRIPS 1, -
( ).) , , ,
. AutoLISP ADS.
4. 499 ;
, . , , .
5. , ,
.
, -

176

, . ,
21 , , , .
6. Default, Edit
Command,
SHORTCUTMENU. 0, R14 Default, Edit Command .
11.

4
AutoCAD, . AutoCAD, .
( BUTTONS).
Osnaps
Center
Endpoint
Intersection
Midpoint
Nearest
Perpendicular
Quadrant
Tangent

Draw
Line
PLINE
CIR C,R
CIR 2P
ARC SCE
ARC CSE

DISPLAY
REDRAW
ZOOM
...Win
...Cen
...Prev
...All
...Ext
PAN

None


4. , .
***AUX1
;
$P0=*
***POP0
[Osnaps]
[Center]_Center
[End point]_Endp
[Intersection]_Int
[Midpoint]_Mid
[Nearest]_Nea
[Perpendicular]_Per
[Quadrant]_Qua
[Tangent]_Tan
[None]_Non
[--]
[->Draw]
[Line]^C^C_Line
[PLINE]^C^C_Pline

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

177

, ...
[CIR C,R]^C^C_Circle
[CIR 2P]^C^C_Circle;_2P
[ARC SCE]^C^_ARC;\C
[<-ARC CSE]^C^_ARC;C
[--]
[->DISPLAY]
[REDRAW]^C^_CREDRAW
[->ZOOM]
[...Win]^C^C_ZOOM;_W
[...Cen]^C^C_ZOOM;_C
[...Pre]^C^C_ZOOM;_P
[...All]^C^C_ZOOM;_A
[<-...Exit]^C^C_ZOOM;_E
[<-PAN]^C^C_Pan
***POP1
[SHORTCUTMENU]
[SHORTCUTMENU=0]^C^CSHORTCUTMENU;0
[SHORTCUTMENU=1]^C^CSHORTCUTMENU;1

19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36

10
***AUX1

AUX1 ; ***
. , , .

2 3
;
$P0=*

(;) -
( ). - $P0=*.

4 5
***POP0
[Osnaps]

POP0 ,
. Osnaps .
, , . .

6
[Center]_Center

_Center .
AutoCAD (_),
AutoCAD .
- , ( )
, . 5.13.

178

, ,
.

,
.

33 34
***POP1
[Draw]

***POP1 . POP1, POP2, POP3 ..


,
.

. 5.13.
4

,
AutoCAD. LINE (), . ( . 5.14.)
LINE
Continue
Close
Undo
CIRCLE

ZOOM All
ZOOM Win
ZOOM Pre
PAN
DBLIST

ELLIPSE

STATUS

TIME
LIST
DISTANCE
AREA

. 5.14. 2


, , ,
. , , ,
21 . , ,

, ...

179

. , , , .
AutoCAD .
, AutoCAD. , ,
- .
.
, , AutoCAD . ,
- .


(**),
. ,
. ,
. :
**

** (**), ;
.

31 .
, ,
($), (-) (_).
.
.


. , , ($), .
, , Pn,
n . (=),
, . (**). :
$=

$ ;
() ;
= ;
.

180

$P1=P1A

$P1 ;
P1A .



. , P1A, DRAW-ARC, 1 DRAW-ARC. ,
DRAW-ARC, .
AutoCAD $Pn=*.
$Pn=*

P , ;
n ( 1 10);
* .


, , () .
, ,
, .


, ,
:
$S=X $S=LINE

S , ;
X , ;
LINE , .
($S=X) X, , , .
, X, 21,
. ($S=LINE) LINE,
.

$1=IMAGE1 $1=*

, ...

181

$1=IMAGE1 IMAGE1;
$1=* .
. ($1=IMAGE1) IMAGE1, , . ($1=*)
.

5
, AutoCAD.
ARC CIRCLE .
LINE
PLINE
ARC
ARC 3P
ARC SCE
ARC SCA
ARC CSE
ARC CSA
ARC CSL
CIRCLE
CIRCLE C,R
CIRCLE C,D
CIRCLE 2P

BLOCK
INSERT
WBLOCK

QUIT
SAVE
PLOT

1:
, . 5.15, . ARC CIRCLE ,
.

. 5.15. 5

182

2:
5. , .
***POP1
**P1A
[DRAW]
[LINE]^C^CLINE
[PLINE]^C^CPLINE
[--]
[ARC]^C^C$P1=P1B $P1=*
[CIRCLE]^C^C$P1=P1C $P1=*
[--]
[Exit]^C
**P1B
[ARC]
[ARC,3P]^C^CARC
[ARC,SCE]^C^CARC \C
[ARC,SCA]^C^CARC \C \A
[ARC,CSE]^C^CARC C
[ARC,CSA]^C^CARC C \\A
[ARC,CSL]^C^CARC \\L
[--]
[PREVIOUS]$P1=P1A $P1=*
**P1C
[CIRCLE]
[CIRCLE C,R]^C^CCIRCLE
[CIRCLE C,D]^C^CCIRCLE \D
[CIRCLE 2P]^C^CCIRCLE 2P
[--]
[PREVIOUS]$P1=P1A $P1=*
***POP2
[BLOCKS]
[BLOCK]^C^CBLOCK
[INSERT]^C^CINSERT
[WBLOCK]^C^CWBLOCK
[--]
[EXIT]$P1=P1A $P1=*
***POP3
[UTILITY]
[SAVE]^C^CSAVE
[QUIT]^C^CQUIT
[----]
[PLOT]^C^CPLOT
[----]
[Exit]^C

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47

, ...

183

2
**P1A

**P1A P1A.
(**), , ,
. . P1A, 5.16. . P , . 1 .
Arc, , (POP1), A Draw
.

6
[--]

, ,
. , ,
. , . , [--]^C^CLINE, ^C^CLINE .

7
[ARC]^C^C$P1=P1B $P1=*

$P1=P1B, , P1B
(1), . , $P1=*,
.
, CIRCLE (POP1) DRAW,
, CIRCLE,
. CIRCLE
, , CIRCLE.
, POP1, $P1=*, AutoCAD. CIRCLE (POP1),
CIRCLE .

21
[EXIT]^C

. ,
(DRAW).
, , ARC
DRAW. , .
, , .
[EXIT]$P1=P1A $P1=* ^C^C

184

29
[PREVIOUS]$P1=P1A $P1=*

$P1=P1A, , P1A,
.
$P1=. $P=*, ,
, P1A.

.
, ( POP1 POP8). LISP 5 .
. , $P7=P7A $P=* P7A,
POP6. POP6 POP7.

3:
,
MENU (). , , .


AutoCAD () .
, MENU.
, MENULOAD
( AutoCAD 2006 CUILOAD). AutoCAD
,
. , Windows , .
AutoCAD
. , , , . ,
.
, AutoCAD.


.

***MENUGROUP

***TOOLBARS

***HELPSTRING

***ACCELERATORS

185

, ...

6
Windows. . 5.17,
: POP1 (MyDraw) POP2 (MyEdit).

. 5.17. 6

1:
- .
mymenu1.mnu.
, .
***MENUGROUP=Menu1
***POP1
[/MMyDraw]
[/LLine]^C^Cline
[/Ccircle]^C^Ccircle
[/AArc]^C^Carc
[/EEllipse]^C^Cellipse
***POP2
[/EMyEdit]
[/EErase]^C^Cerase
[/CCopy]^C^Ccopy
[/MMove]^C^Cmove
[/OOffset]^C^Coffset

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

1
***MENUGROUP=Menu1

MENUGROUP Menu1, .
MENUGROUP. ( Menu1) , 32 ,
. MENUGROUP.
*** (***MENUGROUP).

2
***POP1

POP1 . , 37. , , 9 13, 2.

186

3
[/MMyDraw]

/M ,
. , , .
AutoCAD ,
. MyDraw .
, , (
/M). , ,
.

4
[/LLine]^C^CLine

/L .
Line, ,
. ^C^C , Line LINE (), AutoCAD. ,
. 4 LINE.

2:
mymenu1.mnu. Customize
Menu ( ) Tools () MENULOAD
.
Menu Customization ( ), . 5.18.

. 5.18. Menu Customization ( Menu Group)

, ...

187

(mymenu1.mnu) File Name


( ). Select Menu File ( ), Browse (). ,
OK. Menu Customization.
, Load ().
Yes (). (Menu1)
Menu Group ( ).
, :
Command: FILEDIA
Enter new value for FILEDIA <1>: 0 ( .)
Command: MENULOAD
Enter name of menu file to load: MYMENU1.MNU

FILEDIA 0, , AutoLISP:
Command: (SETVAR "FILEDIA" 0)
Command: (Command "MENULOAD" "MYMENU1")

3:
Menu Customization ( )
Menu Bar ( ), (. 5.19).
Menu Groups ( ) Menu1; , (Menu1), Menus ().
(MyDraw),
. , Format, Format () Menu Bar ( ).
(MyDraw) , Insert ().
MyDraw , .

. 5.19. Menu Customization ( Menu Bar)

188

. , MENUCMD ( AutoLISP), .
Command: (MENUCMD "P5=+Menu1.POP1")
Command: (MENUCMD "P6=+Menu1.POP2")

. 5.20. ,
MENUCMD

, AutoCAD
(. 5.20). MyDraw , .
, MyEdit , .
MENUCMD AutoLISP,
P5 ,
POP1. POP1 (MyDraw) . , Menu1 (MENUGROUP),
1 . MENUGROUP
(.).

4:
(, MyDraw),
Menu Customization ( ) Menu Bar ( ).
Menu Bar ( ) , , Remove ().

5:
Menu Customization ( )
. , Customize
Menu ( ) Tools () MENULOAD
MENUUNLOAD . Menu Group ( ). Menu1,
Unload (). AutoCAD .
, Close ().
,
:
Command: FILEDIA
Enter new value for FILEDIA <1>: 0
Command: MENUUNLOAD
Enter name of MENUGROUP to unload: MENU1.MNU

MENUUNLOAD . - , .
:
Command: (MENUCMD "P5=")

,
(P5, MyDraw). , P5
.
MENU, acad.mnu.

, ...

189


AutoCAD Windows . , , AutoCAD
, .
, CIRCLE (), acad.pgp. ,
<C>, COPY (). COPY,
. <C> <Shift>,
. , <Shift>, , , <C>, AutoCAD
COPY. .

7
, .
<Ctrl+E> ([CONTROL+"E"])

( ELLIPSE)

<Shift+C> ([SHIFT+"C"])

( COPY)

<Ctrl+Q> ([CONTROL"Q"])

( QUIT)

1:
,
, 7.
***MENUGROUP=Menu1
***POP1
**Alias
[/MMyDraw]
[/LLine]^C^CLine
[/CCircle]^C^CCircle
[/AArc]^C^CArc
ID_Ellipse [/EEllipse]^C^CEllipse
***POP2
[/EMyEdit]
[/EErase]^C^CErase
ID_Copy [/CCopy]^C^CCopy
[/OOffset]^C^COffset
[/MMove]^C^CMove
***ACCELERATORS
ID_Ellipse [CONTROL+"E"]
ID_Copy [SHIFT+"C"]
[CONTROL"Q"]^C^CQuit

190

.
ID_Copy [SHIFT+"C"] . (ID_Copy)
, ,
. (SHIFT+"C") ,
(SHIFT) (C).
(, ESCAPE)
.
, . ,
, , . [CONTROL+"E"] ["ESCAPE"].
, ,
[SHIFT+CONTROL+"L"]. , ,
, [CONTROL"Q"]^C^CQuit.

2:
.mnu.
, MENU. , <Shift+C> COPY,
<Ctrl+E> ,
. <Ctrl+Q>
QUIT. ,
6, .


, . .

F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
F10
F11
F12
HOME
END
INSERT
DELETE

F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
F10
F11
F12
HOME
END
INS
DEL

NUMBERPAD0
NUMBERPAD1
NUMBERPAD2
NUMBERPAD3
NUMBERPAD4
NUMBERPAD5
NUMBERPAD6
NUMBERPAD7
NUMBERPAD8
NUMBERPAD9
UP
DOWN
LEFT
RIGHT
ESCAPE

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
UP-ARROW
DOWN-ARROW
LEFT-ARROW
RIGHR-ARROW
ESC

, ...

191

CONTROL

<Ctrl>

SHIFT

<Shift> ( )

COMMAND

Apple Macintosh

META

- UNIX


(, ***TOOLBARS).
.
. :
***TOOLBARS
**MYTOOLS1
TAG1 [Toolbar ("tbarname", orient, visible, xval, yval, rows)]
TAG2 [Button ("btname", id_small, id_large)]macro
TAG3 [Flyout ("flyname", id_small, id_large, icon, alias)]macro
TAG4 [control (element)]
[--]

***TOOLBARS , MYTOOLS1 , .
, :
TAG1, TAG2, TAG3, TAG4 [--]. ,
(TAG1), . Toolbar, , , . .
tbarname

, .
, - , (-) (_)

orient

, .
: Floating, Top, Bottom, Left Right.

visible

, .
Show Hide.

xval

, X . X

yval

, Y . Y

rows

192

, (TAG2),
. Button, , , .
.
btname

, , .
, - , (-)
(_)

id_small

, (ID string) (
1616 ). , - , (-) (_).
id_small
(, RCDATA_16_CIRCLE).

id_large

, ( 3232 ).
, - ,
(-) (_). id_large
(, RCDATA_32_CIRCLE)

Macro

(TAG2), , ().
^C^CLine. ,

, (TAG2), ,
. Flyout , . .
flyname

, ,
. , - ,
(-) (_).
, ,

id_small

, (ID string)
(
1616 ). , - , (-) (_).
id_small
(, RCDATA_16_CIRCLE)

id_large

,
( 3232 ). ,
- ,
(-) (_). id_large
(, RCDATA_32_CIRCLE)

, ...

193

icon

, ,

.
ownicon othericon.

alias

, . **aliasname

macro

(TAG3), ,
,
(). ^C^Cline.
,

(TAG4)
. Control, ( ). .
element

:
Layer () ;
Linetype ( ) ;
Color () .

([--]) .

8
, LINE, PLINE, CIRCLE, ELLIPSE ARC.
MyDraw1 (. 5.21).

. 5.21. Customize MyDraw1 8

194

1:
- . , .
ID .
MENUGROUP=M1
***TOOLBARS
**TB_MyDraw1
ID_MyDraw1 [_Toolabar("MyDraw1", _Floating, _Hide, 10, 200,1)]
ID_Line [_Button("Line", RCDATA_16_LINE,
RCDATA_32_LINE)]^C^C_Line
ID_Pline [_Button("Pline", RCDATA_16_Pline,
RCDATA_32_Pline)]^C^C_Pline
ID_Circle [_Button("Circle", RCDATA_16_CirRAD,
RCDATA_32_CirRAD)]^C^C_Circle
ID_ELLIPSE [_Button("Ellipse", RCDATA_16_EllCEN,
RCDATA_32_EllCEN)]^C^C_ELLIPSE
ID_Arc [_Button("Arc 3Point", RCDATA_16_Arc3Pt,
RCDATA_32_Arc3Pt)]^C^C_Arc

2: ,
.mnu.
MyDraw1, MENULOAD. , ,
, .
(MyDraw1) . Customize (),
Toolbars ( ) View (), MyDraw1 Menu Group ( ).
MyDraw1, Toolbars (
).
.
MENULOAD MyDraw1,
MyDraw1 , -TOOLBAR.
Command: -TOOLBAR
Enter toolbar name or [ALL]: MYDRAW1
Enter an option [Show/Hide/Left/Right/Top/Bottom/Float] <Show>: S

: -TOOLBAR
[]: MYDRAW1
[//////]
<>: S

AutoCAD id_small
id_large ICON, AutoCAD 2004
RCDATA.

, ...

195

9
. MyDraw2 : Circle Arc.
Circle Radius, Diameter, 2P 3P
(. 5.22). Arc , 3 Point, SCE
SCA (. 5.23).

. 5.22. Circle MyDraw2

. 5.23. Arc
MyDraw2

1: ,
- . :
***Menugroup=M2
***TOOLBARS
**TB_MyDraw2
ID_MyDraw2 [_Toolbar("MyDraw2", _Floating, _Show, 10, 100,1)]
ID_TbCircle [_Flyout("Circle", RCDATA_16_Circle,
RCDATA_32_Circle, _OtherIcon, M2.TB_Circle)]
ID_TbArc [_Flyout("Arc", RCDATA_16_Arc, RCDATA_32_Arc,
_OtherIcon, M2.TB_Arc)]
**TB_Circle
ID_Circle [_Toolbar("Circle", _Floating, _Hide, 10, 150,1)]
ID_CirRAD [_Button("Circle C,R", RCDATA_16_CirRAD,
RCDATA_32_CirRAD)]^C^C_Circle
ID_CirDIA [_Button("Circle C,D", RCDATA_16_CirDIA,
RCDATA_32_CirDIA)]^C^C_Circle;\D
ID_Cir2Pt [_Button("Circle 2Pts", RCDATA_16_Cir2Pt,
RCDATA_32_Cir2Pt)]^C^C_Circle;\2P
ID_Cir3Pt [_Button("Circle 3Pts", RCDATA_16_Cir3Pt,
RCDATA_32_Cir3Pt)]^C^C_Circle;\3P
**TB_Arc
ID_TbArc [_Toolbar("Arc", _Floating, _Hide, 10, 150,1)]
ID_Arc3PT [_Button("Arc,3Pts", RCDATA_16_Arc3PT,
RCDATA_32_Arc3PT)]^C^C_Arc
ID_ArcSCE [_Button("Arc,SCE", RCDATA_16_ArcSCE,
RCDATA_32_ArcSCE)]^C^C_Arc;\C
ID_ArcSCA [_Button("Arc,SCA", RCDATA_16_ArcSCA,
RCDATA_32_ArcSCA)]^C^C_Arc;\C;\A

196

ID_TbCircle [_Flyout("Circle", RCDATA_16_Circle,


RCDATA_32_Circle, _OtherIcon, M2.TB_Circle)]

M2 (***MENUGROUP=M2), TB_Circle
. M2.TB_Circle TB_Circle, M2. M2
, Circle , , .
ID_CirDIA [_Button("Circle C,D", RCDATA_16_CirDIA,
RCDATA_32_CirDIA)]^C^C_Circle;\D

CirDIA , Circle-Diameter. .

2: ,
MENULOAD, MyDraw2 .


AutoCAD Windows
. , , CIRCLE ARC, :
***HELPSTRINGS
ID_Copy [ .]
ID_Ellipse [ .]

***HELPSTRING , . ,
, (ID_Copy) , .
12 . - , AutoCAD
, ***HELPSTRINGS. , , .


AutoCAD , . ,
, . ,
. ,
, , , . .

, ...

197

10
(MyToolbar1), Line, Polyline, Circle ( Center Radius), Arc ( Center,
Start End), Spline Paragraph Text (MTEXT).
Line, , , ,
.

1
Customize (), Toolbars (
) View (). ,
TBCONFIG .

2
New (), Toolbars (
). New Toolbar ( ).

3
(MyToolbar1)
Toolbar name ( ), ,
OK (. 5.24). Toolbars (
) Customize ().

4
, , MyToolbar1.
.

. 5.24. Customize New Toolbar

198

5
Commands () Customize (),
. 5.25. Categories
() Commands ().

6
Draw () Categories ().
Commands () Customize () Draw.

7
Line () MyToolbar1.
Polyline (), Circle ()
( Center () Radius ()), Arc () ( Center (), Start
(), End ()), Spline () Text () (Multiline text (
)).

8
Categories () Dimension ()
MyToolbar1 ,
(. 5.25).

9
,
Customize (), Close (). AutoCAD.

10
, , .

. 5.25. MyToolbar1 Customize

, ...

199



1
, , . Line
(), MyToolbar1.

2
-
Customize () .
Customize (). Line, MyToolbar1. , Line (),
. 5.26.

3
, Button Editor (
), Edit (). , . ,
Line , .
Circle . Erase.

4
.
, .
, L.

. 5.26. Button Properties Customize

200

. 5.27. Button Editor

5
Save As ( )
Tutorial MyLine. Button Editor
( ), Close (). Save
() Save As ( ) .

6
MyLine Name (),
Button Properties ( ) Customize ().
, .
, Apply (). AutoCAD, . ,
.


1
Customize (),
- Customize () .

2
Spline MyToolbar1.
OK.
. , , . AutoCAD,
.

, ...

201


Customize (), Toolbars (
) View (). Toolbars ( )
, , Delete ().
.


1
Ordinate Dimension (
), Dimension (),
MyToolbar1. Customize (),
- Customize
() Toolbars ( )
View (). Commands ()
Dimensions () Categories (). ,
, Commands ().

2
Ordinate Dimension ( ), Commands (), MyToolbar1.
MyToolbar1.
, ,
acad.mns acad.mnr. acad.mns.
***MYTOOLBAR1
ID_MyToolbar1_0 [_Toolbar("MyToolbar1", _Floating,
_Show, 512, 177, 1)]
ID_Line_0 [_Button("MyLine", "RCDATA.bmp",
"RCDATA_24_LINE")]^C^C_line
ID_CircleCenterRadius_0 [_Button("Circle Center Radius",
"RCDATA_16_CIRRAD", "RCDATA_24_CIRRAD")]^C^C_circle
ID_Polyline_0 [_Button("Polyline", "RCDATA_16_PLINE",
"RCDATA_24_PLINE")]^C^C_pline
ID_ArcCenterStartEnd_0 [_Button("Arc Center Start End",
"RCDATA_16_ARCCSE", "RCDATA_24_ARCCSE")]^C^C_arc_c


, .

1
Customize (),
Customize () . Toolbars ( )
New (). New Toolbar (
). (, MyToolbar2) , OK.

202

2
Commnads () Flyouts ( ) Categories
().
Commands ().
Draw ()
. 5.28. MyToolbar2. , ,
MyToolbar1
, .

3
User Defined ( ) Categories
(). Commnads ().
User Defined Flyout MyToolbar2.
User Defined Flyout, MyToolbar2;
AutoCAD. Customize (), . Flyout
Properties ( ), Inquiry ()
Apply (). Inquiry .
(. 5.29).


1
Customize (), Toolbars (
) View (). Keyboards ()
Draw Menu ( ) Categories
(). Commands ().

. 5.29. Customize

, ...

203

2
Press new shortcut key, ,
. <Ctrl>, , ,
.
<Ctrl+Shift>. , <Ctrl+Shift> ,
, <L>. ,
Show All ( ).

3
,
Assign () (. 5.30), Customize
(), Close ().
LINE (), <Ctrl+L>.

, Windows, , <F10>, <Ctrl+F4>, <Ctrl+F6> <Ctrl+Alt+Del>.


, AutoCAD. - .
-
AutoCAD, Currently assigned to.

. 5.30. Keyboard Customize

204


,
.
1. ________.
2. ________.
3. ________.
4. ________ .
5. ________ .
6. - , ________.
7. ________ , ________
.
8. AutoCAD ________.
9. ________ .
10. ________ , .
11. ________ Default, Edit
Command .
12. ________.
13. Customize ________
________.


.
1. ________ .
2. ________ .
3. _________
.
4. , ([--]),
________ ________ .
5. (~),
_______.
6. , , ________
.
7. ________ .
8. ________.
9. Windows
, . (/)
10. (MENUGROUP). (/
)

, ...

205

11. ________.
12. , , ________
( AutoLISP).

3 ()
, AutoCAD.
( . 5.31.)
LINE
CIRCLE C,R
CIRCLE C,D
ARC 3P
ARC SCE
ARC CSE

DIMLINEAR
DIMALIGNED
DIMRADIUS
DIMDIAMETER
DIMANGULAR
QLEADER

TEXT
TEXT
TEXT
TEXT
TEXT
TEXT

LEFT
RIGHT
CENTER
ALIGNED
MIDDLE
FIT

. 5.31.

4 ()
, AutoCAD.
LINE
PLINE
CIRCLE C,R
CIRCLE C,D
ELLIPSE AXIS ENDPOINT
ELLIPSE CENTER

BLOCK
WBLOCK
INSERT
BLOCK LIST
ATTDEF
ATTEDIT

5 ()
Windows.
: POP1 (MyArc) POP2 (MyDraw). MyArc ARC . MyDraw,
, LINE, CIRCLE, PLINE, TRACE, DTEXT MTEXT
.

206

6 ()
.
MyDrawX1
Draw Modify. Draw , ( Draw). , Modify
, ( Modify).

7 ()
, AutoCAD.
LAYER
LAYER
LAYER
LAYER
LAYER
LAYER

NEW
MAKE
SET
LIST
ON
OFF

SNAP 0.25
SNAP 0.5
GRID 1.0
DRID 10.0
APERTURE 5
PICKBOX 5

UCS WORLD
UCS PREVIOUS
VPORTS 2
VPORTS 4
VPORTS SING.


1 acad.mnu, 2 MENU MENULOAD, 3 , 4 499 ,
5 4 , 6 , 7 ->, <-, 8 ***, 9 <-<-, 10 !, 11
SHORTCUTMENU, 12 **, 13 TBCONFIG.


, :
;

;
.

208


(image tile menu), (icon
menu), , () .
AutoLISP . ,
AutoCAD.
, ,
, . , , .
, (. 6.1). , . ,
, .
(. . 6.1).
,
. ,

.
- , AutoCAD ,
(. . 6.1). ,
, ( , ).
.
, , . , <Esc>, Cancel () -
.

. 6.1.

209

, , , 20 . , ,
, Next () Previous
(), . , . ,
.


(**),
. , .
,
. :
**

** (**), ;
.

31 .
, ,
($), (-) (_).

.
.


. , , ($),
.
I. (=), , . (**).
:
$=

$ ;
() ;
= ;
.

210

$I=IMAGE1

$I ;
IMAGE1 .



()
. , IMAGE1 ,
, .
AutoCAD
$I=*

I , ;
* .


***IMAGE, .
(***IMAGE), .
***IMAGE

*** , ;
IMAGE .
, , . (, **PARTS **IMAGE1).
**IMAGE1

** , ;
IMAGE1 .
, . (, [PLC-SYMBOLS]) - . , , .
,
( ) , .
***IMAGE
**BOLTS
[HEX-HEAD BOLTS]
[BOLT1]^C^CINSERT;B1


(BOLTS)

BOLT1 ; B1

211

,
, , . () ,
.
. , , ,
:
1. , ,
. MSLIDE
, , .
, .
,
ZOOM () Extents () Window
().
2. , , , , .
. , , .
3. , , . ,
, .
4. , ,
. PAN.
5. ,
, . ,
.
6. , , 1,5:1 (.. 1,5:1). ,
1,5 , 1 . , 1,5:1, , ,
, .

1
, , , (
), . 6.2. .

212

. 6.2. ,
PLC SYMBOLS
NO (NORMALLY OPEN)
NC (NORMALLY CLOSED)
COIL


( )
( )

ELECTRIC SYMBOLS
RESIS (RESISTANCE)
DIODE
GROUND


()

()

1:
, , , WBLOCK. MSLIDE
,
. INSERT.

2:
,
. . 6.3
, 1.

. 6.3. 1

213

2:
EDIT - , , Notepad Wordpad. ,
, .
***POP1
[ELECTRIC]
[PLC-SYMBOLS]$I=IMAGE1 $I=*
[ELEC-SYMBOLS]$I=IMAGE2 $I=*
***IMAGE
**IMAGE1
[PLC-SYMBOLS]
[NO]^C^CINSERT;NO;\1.0;1.0;0
[NC]^C^CINSERT;NC;\1.0;1.0;0
[COIL]^C^CINSERT;COIL
[ No-Image]
[blank]
**IMAGE2
[ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS]
[RESIS]^C^CINSERT;RESIS;\\\\
[DIODE]^C^CINSERT;DIODE;\1.0;1.0;\
[GROUND]^C^CINSERT;GRD;\1.5;1.5;0;;

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

1
***POP1

***POP1 .

2
[ELECTRIC]

[ELECTRIC] POP1. .

3
[PLC-SYMBOLS]$I=IMAGE1 $I=*

$I=IMAGE1 IMAGE1,
$I=* .

5
***IMAGE

***IMAGE, , . ;
AutoCAD .

6
**IMAGE1

**IMAGE1, , .

214

7
[PLC-SYMBOLS]

, 3 ([PLC-SYMBOLS]$I=IMAGE1
$I=*), AutoCAD IMAGE1
(. 6.4). 7.
, .
.

. 6.4. PLC-SYMBOLS

8
[NO]^C^CINSERT;NO;\1.0;1.0;0

NO, , .
. . , ,
. NO , .
(\) ,
( ). 1.0 X.
1.0 Y, 0 .
[NO]^C^CINSERT;NO;\1.0;1.0;0

NO ;
\ , ;
1.0 X;
1.0 Y;
0 .
,
INSERT (), NO .
, .

. 6.5. ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS

215

10
[COIL]^C^CINSERT;COIL

, .
.

11
[ No-Image]

No-Image. , AutoCAD ,
, .

12
[blank]

blank (), ( )
.

15
[RESIS]^C^CINSERT;RESIS;\\\\

, , RESIS, . 6.5. (\) ,


. X Y. ,
, .
[RESIS]^C^CINSERT;RESIS;\

[RESIS]^C^CINSERT;RESIS

, , , .

16
[DIODE]^C^CINSERT;DIODE;\1.0;1.0;\


. , .

17
[GROUND]^C^CINSERT;GRD;\1.5;1.5;0;;

(;). , 0, ENTER
. ENTER INSERT.
, . , .

216

, . - ,
, Files () Options ().
. ,
([GROUND]*^C^CINSERT;GRD;\1.5;1.5;0;;), , .
, .
$I=*, ,
.
, <Esc>. , , AutoCAD.

.

4:
pdm1.mnu. (.mnu). , .


, AutoCAD acad.mnu ( , acad.mnu
). , MENU. ,
, MENULOAD,
. MENU.
Command: MENU

MENU Select Menu File


( ). , ,
Open ().
,
FILEDIA 0.
Command: FILEDIA
Enter new value for FILEDIA <1>: 0
Command: MENU
Enter menu file name or [.(for none)] < >: PDM1

PDM1 ;
< > .
MENU,
. (.mnu), AutoCAD .
MNC MNR.

217

5:
MENU. , Select Menu File (
). pdm1.mnu Open (),
. 6.6.

, , , .
, . , , .

. 6.6. Select Menu File

(acad.mnu), Select
Menu File ( ), MENU .
acad.mnu, C:\Documents and Settings\Owner\
Application Data\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2004\R16.0\enu\support.
Windows 98, C:\Windows\
Local Settings\Application Data\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2004\R16.0\enu\support.

, AutoCAD. ,
.
TEXT
TEXT ,
, .

218

SKETCH
SKETCH, .

1
, . 6.7.
,
.
PIPE FITTINGS
GLOBE-P
GLOBE
REDUCER
CHECK





()

ELECTRIC SYMBOLS
BATTERY
CAPACITOR
COUPLER
BREAKER

. 6.7. 1


, , . , ,
. , . 23
. , , . , ,
.


[slidename]. , ,
, .
, .

219

[slidename, label]. slidename ,


. , , (label). ,
[BOLT1,1/2-24UNC-3LG]. BOLT1 ,
1/2-24UNC-3LG , .
[slidelib(slidename)]. slidename , slidelib. ( )
, (slidename)
.
[slidelib(slidename,label)]. slidename
, (slidelib). , (slidename) .
[blank]. ,
.
(.. ).
[ label]. , AutoCAD
, . , [ EXIT]^C,
EXIT.
(^C), .
.

2
, ,
115.
BLOCK
WBLOCK
ATTDEF
LIST
INSERT
BL1
BL2
BL3
BL4
BL5

BL6
BL7
BL8
BL9
BL10

BL11
BL12
BL13
BL14
BL15

1:
, , . .

220

2:

. . 6.8.
Insert ,
.

. 6.8. 2

3:
.
, 2. . , .
***POP1
[INSERT]
[BLOCK]^C^CBLOCK
[WBLOCK]^C^CWBLOCK
[ATTRIBUTE DEFINITION]^C^CATTDEF
[LIST BLOCK NAMES]^C^CINSERT;?
[INSERT]^C^C$I=IMAGE $I=*
[--]
[ATTDIA-ON]^C^CSETVAR ATTDIA 1
[ATTDIA-OFF]^C^CSETVAR ATTDIA
***IMAGE
**IMAGE1
[BLOCK INSERTION FOR EXAMPLE-2]
[BL1]^C^CINSERT;BL1;\1.0,1.0;\
[BL2]^C^CINSERT;BL2;\1.0,1.0;0
[BL3]^C^CINSERT;BL3;\;;\
[BL4]^C^CINSERT;BL4;\;;;
[BL5]^C^CINSERT;*BL5;\1.75
[BL6]^C^CINSERT;BL6;\XYZ
[BL7]^C^CINSERT;BL7;\XYZ;;;\0

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

221


[BL8]^C^CINSERT;BL8;\XYZ;;;;;
[BL9]^C^CINSERT;BL9;\ XYZ;;;;\
[BL10]^C^CINSERT;*BL10;\XYZ;\
[BL11]^C^CINSERT;BL11;\XYZ;1;1.5;2;45
[BL12]^C^CINSERT;BL12;\ XYZ;\\;;
[BL13]^C^CINSERT;*BL13;\\45
[BL14]^C^CINSERT;BL14;\C;@1.0,1.0;0
[BL15]^C^CINSERT;BL15;\C;@1.0,2.0;\

22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29

1
***POP1

.
, 2 10.

12
***IMAGE

13
**IMAGE1

IMAGE1 , , 14 29.

15
[BL1]^C^CINSERT;BL1;\1.0,1.0;\

BL1, , INSERT, AutoCAD.


INSERT AutoCAD;
BL1 ;
1.0,1.0 X Y.

4:
imex2.mnu.

5:
, MENU.


,
.
1. ________.
2. ________ , .
3. ________.

222

4. AutoCAD ________.
5. ________.


.
1. , ,
________.
2. ________ .
3. , ________.
4. _________ .
5. , , ________
.
6. _______ .
7. , , ________ ,
.
8. ________ .

2 ()
:
B1

B4

B7

B2

B5

B8

B3

B6

B9

3 ()
, AutoCAD.
, , .
LINE
PLINE

CIRCLE C,R
CIRCLE C,D
CIRCLE 2P

4 ()
. .
B1

B4

B7

C1

C4

C7

B2

B5

B8

C2

C5

C8

B3

B6

B9

C3

C6

C9


1 , 2 , 3 **, 4 $I=*, 5 ***IMAGE.


, :
;
;
.

224


AutoCAD - . , ,
. -
, .
-
AutoCAD.
. AutoCAD
, . -
12 . 7.1.

. 7.1. - 12

AutoCAD ,
acad.mnu.
AutoCAD .

- .


(BUTTONS1, BUTTONS2,
BUTTONS3 BUTTONS4) (AUX1, AUX2, AUX3 AUX4)
. ,
. - (, ),
AutoCAD ,
BUTTONS1. ,
, , - .
. (BUTTONS2, BUTTONS3 BUTTONS4),
( ).

AUX1
AUX2

BUTTONS1
BUTTONS2

AUX3

BUTTONS3

AUX4

BUTTONS4

225

+
-
<Shift> , , -
<Ctrl> , , -
<Shift> <Ctrl> , , -

( ) ,
AutoCAD. , .
. , - .
, ,
, , .
-
.

, ***AUX ***BUTTONS1, , SHORTCUTMENU


0. - , . , ***AUX
***BUTTONS1 ,
MBUTTONPAN 0.

1
, AutoCAD.
- 12 (. 7.2), 1 . ( bm1.mnu.)

. 7.2. -

226

2
4
6
8
10
12

RETURN
CURSOR MENU
ORTHO
INT,END
CIRCLE
ZOOM Prev

3
5
7
9
11

CANCEL
SNAP
AUTO
LINE
ZOOM Win

1:
EDIT -
. ,
1. .
***BUTTONS1
;
^C^C
$P0=*
^B
^O
AUTO
INT,ENDP
^C^CLINE
^C^CCIRCLE
'ZOOM;Win
'ZOOM;Prev

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

1
***BUTTONS1

***BUTTONS1 .
- .

2
;

(;), 2. - ,
RETURN, . RETURN .

3
^C^C

, , (^C^C). 3. -
.

227

4
$P0=*

, , POP0, . , POP0 . 4. -
,
.

5
^B

, , . 5. , . , <Ctrl> , ,
<B>.

6
^O

, ,
(ORTHO) . 6.
- .

7
AUTO

AUTO, . - .

8
INT,ENDP

, , INT, (Intersection Osnap), ENDP, (Endpoint Osnap).


- . AutoCAD .
, AutoCAD , .

9
^C^CLINE

LINE (),
9.
LINE.

228

10
^C^CCIRCLE

CIRCLE (),
10. CIRCLE
.

11
'ZOOM;Win

, , ZOOM
() Window ().
- .

' , ZOOM ;
ZOOM AutoCAD;
; , RETURN;
Win Window () ZOOM ().

12
'ZOOM;Prev

, , ZOOM
(Prev). .

2:
bm1.mnu, , MENU
().

,
- , , , . . , - ,
2, 3 4. .
,
. , , 3,
4. , , ,
- . .
MENU. ,
MENULOAD AUXn BUTTONSn .


- AutoCAD :
1) ;
2) .

229

, . ,
, :

^C^CLINE

, -
. , AutoCAD , . ,
, . , , :

^C^CLINE;\

LINE (;) (\). , <Enter>,


,
. , AutoCAD
. , , , -
, ( From ())
.
( To ()).

2
, AutoCAD.
- ,
. 7.3. , ,
( ).

. 7.3. -

230

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

PICK
ENTER (RETURN)
ERASE ( SI NEAR)
INT,ENDP
LINE
PLINE
CIRCLE

1:
, 2.
, .
***BUTTONS1
;
^C^CERASE;SI;NEAR;\
INT,ENDP;\
LINE;\
PLINE;\
CIRCLE;\

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

3
^C^CERASE;SI;NEAR;\

ERASE (SI) (NEAR). (\) , . - . -


,
AutoCAD .

SI ;
NEAR ;
\ .

4
INT,ENDP;\

, , INT, (Intersection Osnap), ENDP,


(Endpoint Osnap). - .
AutoCAD .
, AutoCAD , . ,
. ,
, - AutoCAD
.

231

INT ;
ENDP ;
\ .

7
CIRCLE;\

, , .
(\) ,
. 7. -
, .
, .

2:
, , MENU.

, , .
, (\),
. ,
,
, .

INSERT;B1\\\0

\ ;
\ X;
\ Y;
0 .


, . .


(**),
. ,
. ,
. :
**

232

** (**), ;
.

31 .
, ,
($), (-) (_).

.
.


.
, , ($), .
B.
(=), , . (**).
:
$=,

$ ;
() ;
= ;
.

$B=BUTTON1

$B ;
BUTTON1 .


, , .
. ,
, , .


, ,
:
$S=X $S=INSERT

233

S , ;
X , ;
INSERT , .
($S=X) X, . , X,
21, .
($S=INSERT) INSERT,
.


:
$P1=P1A $P1=*

$P1=P1A P1A;
$P1=* .
($P1=P1A) P1A,
1. ($P1=*)
.


:
$1=IMAGE1 $1=*

$1=IMAGE1 IMAGE1;
$1=* .
. ($1=IMAGE1) IMAGE1, . ($1=*)
.

3
-
. bm3.mnu. ,
, :
1

1.
2. ENTER
3. OSNAPS
4. ZOOM1
5. B1
6. B2

1.
2. ENTER
3. IMAGE1
4. EXPLODE ()
5. B1
6. B2

234

OSNAPS POP1, ZOOM1


.
IMAGE1, IMAGE,
, .

. 1
5, 2 6. B1
AutoCAD - , B1. , B2
AutoCAD , , - . ,
B1 B2, . 7.4.

. 7.4. , -

1:
EDIT.
, 3.
, .
***BUTTON
**B1
;
$P1=*
$'ZOOM;Win
$B=B1
$B=B2
**B2
;
^C^C$I=IMAGE1 $I=*
EXPLODE;\
$B=B1
$B=B2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

235

2
**B1

, , B1.

4
$P1=*

, POP1.

5
'ZOOM;Win

, , ZOOM
() Window ().

8
**B2

, , B2.

10
^C^C$I=IMAGE1 $I=*

, IMAGE1, IMAGE. $I=*


.

^C^C$ ;
I=IMAGE1 IMAGE1;
$I=* .

11
EXPLODE;\

, . - , .
, , ,
, .

EXPLODE AutoCAD;
; (;), ENTER;
\ ,
.

12
$B=B1

B1 ,
, - .

236

13
$B=B2

B2 , , - .

2:
bm3.mnu, ,
MENU.


(AUX1,
AUX2, AUX3 AUX4). (***AUXn)
, . .
, . BUTTONS1 AUX1,
BUTTONS2 AUX2 .. . + (.. ).
, .
+ .

AUX1
AUX2
AUX3
AUX4


<Shift>
<Ctrl>
<Shift+Ctrl>

+ .

AUX1



<Shift>
<Shift>
<Ctrl>
<Ctrl>
<Shift+Ctrl>
<Shift+Ctrl>

AUX2
AUX3
AUX4

, . ,
.
.

237

4
, AutoCAD ( aux1.mnu).

AUX1

MOVE ()

AUX2

COPY ()

AUX3

ERASE ()

AUX4

SCALE ()

1:
- EDIT. , 4. , .
***AUX1
MOVE
***AUX2
COPY
***AUX3
ERASE
***AUX4
SCALE

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

1
***AUX1

AUX1 , . AutoCAD
.

2
MOVE

MOVE () (AUX1). MOVE


.

3
. ,
.
.

2:
aux1.mnu, ,
MENU.

238


,
.
1. - ,
________ ________ .
2. ________ .
3. ________ .
4. _________ .
5. -
________ ________ AutoCAD.


.
1. -
AutoCAD ________ ________ .
2. , - , ,
, ________.
3. -
_________ , .
4. , , ________.
5. LOAD, , , ________.

1 ()
, AutoCAD. 10 , . 7.5,
1 .
1,00 0 . bme1.mnu.
1.
4. OSNAPS
7. INSERT B3
10. ZOOM Previous

2. RETURN
5. INSERT B1
8. ZOOM Window

3. CANCEL
6. INSERT B2
9. ZOOM All

1. B1, B2 B3 .
2. , Osnap .
3. ZOOM Previous ZOOM Window
ZOOM.

239

. 7.5. - 10

2 ()
- 10 . , ,
. 7.6. bme2.mnu.

. 7.6. , -

240

1.

1.

2. Enter

2. Enter

3. LINE ()

3. IMAGE1

4. CIRCLE ()

4. IMAGE2

5. OSNAPS

5. P2 ( )

6. ZOOM () Window ()

6. P3 ( )

7. ZOOM () Previous ()

7. INSERT ()

8. ERASE ()

8. EXPLODE ()

9. B1

9. B1

10. B2

10. B2

, :
1) OSNAPS 1 0 ( );
2) 2 3 2 3;
3) IMAGE1 IMAGE2 , IMAGE.
, .


1 , , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 ,
.


, :
;
;
;
;

.

242


.
,
.
- . (. 8.1), AutoCAD, .
AutoCAD : TABLET1,
TABLET2, TABLET3 TABLET4. AutoCAD . , , .
(TABLET1) 225 ,
225 .
32 766 .
AutoCAD, ,
. ,
TABLET2, RENDER, SOLID MODELING, USCICON,
DISPLAY, INQUIRY, LAYER, DRAW, ZOOM PAPER SPACE. TABLET3 , . TABLET4 TEXT, DIMENSIONING, OBJECT SNAPS, EDIT, UTILITY, XREF SETTINGS.
(. 8.2),
TABLET1, TABLET2, TABLET3 TABLET4.

. 8.1.

243

. 8.2. AutoCAD


.
1. , .
, .
.
, ,
. Dimension (),
,
Linear ().
Linear .
, .
2. , AutoCAD.
. , , AutoCAD,
Baseline Dimension ( ) Continue Dimension (
). , ,
.
3.
. , , ,
.

244


AutoCAD ,
. , AutoCAD.
: TABLET1, TABLET2,
TABLET3 TABLET4. . . , .

. TABLET
(). MENU ()
, .
, .
,
. ,
.
1. , AutoCAD .
2. , .
3. , , - .
, ..
. , .
4. , TABLET1,
TABLET2, TABLET3 TABLET4. .
, .
5. , , ,
. , , .
6. TEXT (),
, ,
, .
7.
().
, ,
.

245


,
AutoCAD , . .
AutoCAD,
. , , 1.

1
, .
. 8.3. , .
tm1.mnu.
LINE
CIRCLE C,D

CIRCLE
ERASE

PLINE
CIRCLE 2P

1:
. 8.3 ,
, - . ,
TABLET1.
, Notepad Wordpad.
, TM1, .MNU.
, .
***TABLET1
^C^CLINE
^C^CPLINE
^C^CCIRCLE
^C^CCIRCLE;\D
^C^CCIRCLE;2P
^C^CERASE

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

. 8.3.

246

2:
1
***TABLET1

TABLET1 .
(***).

*** , ;
TABLET1 .

2
^C^CLINE

^ C ^ C ; L I N E
AutoCAD. ^C LINE .

^C^C ;
LINE AutoCAD.

3
^C^CPLINE

^C^C ; PLINE
AutoCAD.

4
^C^CCIRCLE

^C^C ; CIRCLE
AutoCAD. . , -
.

5
^C^CCIRCLE;\D

, , ^C^C , CIRCLE AutoCAD. ,


CIRCLE () ,
. \D. (\) D ,
, (;).
,
. , D,
.

CIRCLE AutoCAD;
; , RETURN;
\ ;
D Diameter ().

247

6
^C^CCIRCLE;2P

^C^C ; CIRCLE
AutoCAD. ENTER RETURN. 2P CIRCLE (),
.

7
^C^CERASE

^C^C ; ERASE
AutoCAD, .

, ,
. , T1-6, ,
.
[T1-6]^C^CCIRCLE;2P,

[T1-6] ,
;
T1 (1);
6 (6).

.
, ,
.


, , Wintab, . AutoCAD
, .
TABLET (). (. . 8.3)
, . TABLET, CFG (Configure) . , , . 8.4.
Command: TABLET
Enter an option [ON/OFF/CAL/CFG]: CFG
Enter number of tablet menus desired (0-4) <current>: 1
Do you want to realing tablet menus? [Yes/No]: <N>: Y
Digitize upper left corner of menu area 1; P1
Digitize lower left corner of menu area 1; P2
Digitize lower right corner of menu area 1; P3
Enter the number of columns for menu area 1: 6

248

Enter the number of rows for menu area 1: 1


Do you want to respecify the Fixed Screen Pointing Area?
[Yes/No]: <N>: Y
Digitize lower left corner of Fixed Screen Pointing Area: P4
Digitize upper right corner of Fixed Screen Pointing Area: P5
Do you want to specify the Floating Screen Pointing Area?
[Yes/No]: <N>: N

: TABLET
[ON/OFF/CAL/CFG]: CFG
(0-4) <>: 1
? [/]: <>: Y
1; P1
1; P2
1; P3
1: 6
1: 1
- ?
[/]: <>: Y
- : P4
- : P5
- ?
[/]: <>: N

. 8.4. ,

, P1, P2 P3, (90 ).


, AutoCAD
- .

249

- .

, .
. ,
, ,
.


AutoCAD acad.mnu (
, acad.mnu
). , , MENU.
Command: MENU

MENU
Select Menu File ( ), . 8.5. , , Open (). , FILEDIA 0.
Command: FILEDIA
Enter new value for FILEDIA <1>: 0
Command: MENU
Enter menu file name or [.(for none)] <>: PDM1

:
PDM1
<>
MNC MNR.

. 8.5. Select Menu File

250

1 ()
, AutoCAD.
, . tm1.mnu.
LINE
CIRCLE C,R
ARC C,S,E
ELLIPSE
DONUT

TEXT-Center
TEXT-Left
TEXT-Right
TEXT-Aligned

, . 8.6. .

. 8.6. 1


, .
, , . , ,
, . , . , , ,
.
,
(, L- T- ).

. 8.7.

251

,
.

2
, . 8.8.
. 8.9 , . , tm2.mnu.

. 8.8.
2

***TABLET1
^C^CLINE
^C^CPLINE
^C^CCIRCLE
^C^CCIRCLE;\D
^C^CCIRCLE;2P
***TABLET2
^C^CERASE
^C^CZOOM;W
^C^CMOVE
^C^CZOOM;P
^C^CCOPY
^C^CZOOM;A
^C^COFFSET
^C^CPAN
***TABLET3
;
;
'REDRAW
'REDRAW
'REDRAW
***TABLET4
5\
6\
7\

. 8.9.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

252

8\
9\
,\
WINDOW
0\
1\
2\
3\
4\
.\
CROSSING

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36

16

, 1.

9
^C^CZOOM;W

ZOOM AutoCAD;
; , RETURN;
W Window () ZOOM ().
:
^C^CZOOM W

ZOOM W ,
RETURN.

17 18
;

(;) RETURN.
, RETURN .

1921
'REDRAW

REDRAW AutoCAD,
. , REDRAW ^C^C . ^C^C,
. ,
, .
('), , REDRAW .

23
5\

(\) , . - , 5 RETURN.

253

, , 5,6.
, - ,
. RETURN .


, MENU, . ,
AutoCAD. , , .
, , 4
(. . 8.8) , ,
, . 8.10.

. 8.10. 4

, , TABLET4, . .
, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Window . .
. 8.11.

. 8.11. 4

, 3 .
, ,
. 8.8. , , ,
(. 8.12).
TABLET3 . (;) .
, (;) .

254

, REDRAW . ,
, ENTER.
, , REDRAW.

. 8.12. 3

. AutoCAD (acad2004.cfg).
- ,
, .


MENUCTL . MENUCTL 1, AutoCAD $S=CMDNAME, CMDNAME , . , LINE
() , CMDNAME LINE .
, . , , , , ARC.
ARC () . , - (, MYARC), AutoCAD
. MENUCTL 1.
0, $S=CMDNAME .

255


,
.
1. ________ ________.
2. ________
.
3. ________.
4. _________ .
5. , ,
________.


.
1. ________ .
2. ________ .
3. , , _________
.
4. ________ .
5. _________ ,
.
6.
_________.
7. ________.

2 ()
,
:
BX1
BX2
BX3
BX4

BX5
BX6
BX7
BX8

BX9
BX10
BX11
BX12

3 ()
, AutoCAD:
LINE
PLINE
ARC
CIRCLE
ELLIPSE
POLYGON

ZOOM-Win
ZOOM-Dyn
ZOOM-All
ZOOM-Pre
ZOOM-Ext
ZOOM-Scl

DIM-Horz
DIM-Vert
DIM-Alig
DIM-Ang
DIM-Rad
DIM-Cen

256

4 ()
, , (. 8.13). ,
.

. 8.13. 4

5 ()
, . 8.14. , .
, .

. 8.9. 5

257

6 ()
, . 8.15.
,
.

. 8.15. 6

7 ()
( ) , . 8.16. ,
.

. 8.16. 7

258

. 8.17. 1

.
, .

259

. 8.18. 1

.
, .

260

. 8.19. 2

.
, .

261

. 8.20. 4

.
, .

262

. 8.21. 5

.
, .

263

. 8.22. 6

.
, .

264

. 8.23. 7

.
, .


1 , - , 2
225, 32766, 3 ***, 4 ,
5 .


, :
;
;
;

;
, ;

;

;

;
AutoLISP DIESEL.

266


AutoCAD
. , Options
(), ToolsOptions (). Display () Display screen menu (
). , .
AutoCAD. AutoCAD, (****)
(. 9.1).
,
- . ,
. , ,
. ,
( ) .
, ,
. , , .. , ,
.

. 9.1. , AutoCAD

267

,
.
[LINE

] $S=X $S=LINE ^C^CLINE

[LINE
] $S=X $S=LINE ^C^CLINE ;
[LINE
] ;
$S=X $S=LINE ^C^CLINE .

1
, AutoCAD (
sm1.mnu).
LINE
CIRCLE C,R
CIRCLE C,D
CIRCLE 2P
ERASE
MOVE

. 9.2.
MENU-1, .
, .
- , ,
.mnu.
sm1.mnu, sm1 , .mnu .

. 9.2.

. 9.3.

, 1.
,
.
***SCREEN
[ MENU-1 ]
[
]
[
]
[LINE
]^C^CLINE
[
]

1
2
3
4
5
6

268

[CIR-C,R ]^C^CCIRCLE
[CIR-C,D ]^C^CCIRCLE;\D
[CIR-2P ]^C^CCIRCLE;2P
[
]
[ERASE
]^C^CERASE
[MOVE
]^C^CMOVE

7
8
9
10
11
12

1
***SCREEN

***SCREEN . , , .
- , , ***TABLET1 ***POP1.

2
[ MENU-1 ]

(MENU-1). , ,
. . , ,
.

3 4
[

. . , ([]). ; , - .
, ,
([]). , .

5
[LINE

]^C^CLINE

LINE . ^C ( ) , ^C .
CANCEL (^C^C) ,
. CANCEL
AutoCAD. , , , .
LINE (), (.. ).
LINE, RETURN.

[LINE
] ;
^C CANCEL;
^C CANCEL;
LINE AutoCAD.

269

7
[CIR-C,R ]^C^CCIRCLE

, ,
. , . , ^C^C ( )
. CIRCLE AutoCAD, . , CIRCLE, RETURN ( ,
<>).

[CIR-C,R ] ;
^C CANCEL;
^C CANCEL;
CIRCLE AutoCAD.

8
[CIR-C,D ]^C^CCIRCLE;\D

, ,
. , . , ^C^C ( )
.

^C CANCEL;
^C CANCEL;
CIRCLE AutoCAD;
; (;), RETURN;
\ , ;
D Diameter ().
CIRCLE (;), (\) D, Diameter. (;),
, RETURN ,
. ,
. D Diameter (), RETURN.
, . , .
[CIR-C,D ]^C^CCIRCLE \D

CIRCLE (\)
, RETURN.

9
[CIR-2P

]^C^CCIRCLE;2P

^C^C . ,
CIRCLE, RETURN. 2

270

,
. , , , RETURN . ,
, . ,
. , , .

^C CANCEL;
^C CANCEL;
CIRCLE AutoCAD;
; (;), RETURN;
2 , .
, , CIRCLE,
. ,
RETURN.
[CIR-2P ]^C^CCIRCLE 2P

CIRCLE 2P
RETURN.

11
[ERASE

]^C^CERASE

^C^C, , . ERASE AutoCAD, .

ERASE AutoCAD.

12
[MOVE

]^C^CMOVE

^C^C, , . MOVE AutoCAD, .

MOVE AutoCAD.


, AutoCAD acad.mnu ( , acad.mnu
). , , MENU.
Command: MENU

MENU
Select Menu File ( ), . 9.4. , , Open ().

271

. 9.4. Select Menu File

,
FILEDIA 0.
Command: FILEDIA
Enter new value for FILEDIA <1>: 0
Command: MENU
Enter menu file name or [.(for none)] <>: PDM1


PDM1 ;
<> .
MENU,
. (.mnu), AutoCAD .

1.
, . ,
(.. acad.mnu) , .
2. , acad.mnu, :
Command: MENU
Enter menu file name or [. (for none)] <>: ACAD.MNU
3. - - ,
(\). , .
4. .

272

9
5. , , .
6. ,
.
7. , ,
SCREENBOXES. , , ,
. , ,
, 28, ,
, .

1
,
AutoCAD. sm1.mnu.
PLINE
ELLIPSE (Center)
ELLIPSE (Axis endpoint)
ROTATE
OFFSET
SCALE


, ,
, . ,
,
SCREENBOXES. , , ,
28 . ,
, . , ,
,
. AutoCAD
. , ,
,
.


(**),
. ,
. ,
. :
**

** (**), ;
.

273

**DRAW

DRAW ;
** (**), .

1. 31 .
2. , ,
($), (-) (_).
3. .
4. .


.
, , ($), . , , Pn, n . (=),
, . (**). :
$=

$ ;
() ;
= ;
.

$S=EDIT

S ;
EDIT .

$ , .
$M= , DIESEL .
() :
S , SCREEN ( ).
P0P16 , POP ( POP1 POP16).
I , Image Tile ( ).
B1B4 , BUTTONS ( ) B1 B4.
TIT4 , TABLET ( ) T1 T4.
A1A4 , AUX ( ) A1 A4.

274


. - , . ,
, .
, , .
, :
$S=

$ ($);
S ;
= .
. (.. $S=) .

2
, .
LINE
PLINE
ELLIPSE-C
ELLIPSE-E
CIR-C,R
CIR-C,D
CIR-2P

ERASE
MOVE
ROTATE
OFFSET
COPY
SCALE

, ,
. , ,
, . , . ,
, . , .
. 9.5
. , .
, . (:) .
. , DRAW, , , .
, ERASE EDIT ERASE.
,
(:).

275

. 9.5.

, 1.
, ,
.
***SCREEN
[ MENU-2 ]
[******** ]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[DRAW
]^C^C$=DRAW
[EDIT
]^C^C$S=EDIT
**DRAW
[ MENU-2 ]^C^CS=SCREEN
[******** ]
[
]
[*-DRAW-* ]
[
]
[LINE:
]^C^CLINE
[PLINE:
]^C^CPLINE;\W;0.1;0.1
[ELLIP-C: ]^C^CELLIPSE;C
[ELLIP-E: ]^C^CELLIPSE
[CIR-C,R: ]^C^CCIRCLE
[CIR-C,D: ]^C^CCIRCLE;\D
[CIR-2P
]^C^CCIRCLE;\2P
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[*-PREV-* ]^C^C$S=
[*-EDIT-* ]^C^C$S=EDIT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

276

**EDIT
[ MENU-2 ]^C^C$S=SCREEN
[******** ]
[
]
[*-EDIT-* ]
[
]
[ERASE:
]^C^CERASE
[MOVE:
]^C^CMOVE
[ROTATE: ]^C^CROTATE
[OFFSET: ]^C^COFFSET
[COPY:
]^C^CCOPY
[SCALE:
]^C^CSCALE
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[*-PREV-* ]^C^C$S=
[*-DRAW-* ]^C^C$S=DRAW

32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53

1
***SCREEN

***SCREEN .

2
[ MENU-2

MENU-2
.

3
[******** ]

,
(********).

4-7
[

. . .

8
[DRAW

]^C^C$=DRAW

[DRAW
] DRAW,
, , , .
^C^C , $=DRAW
DRAW .

277

9
[EDIT

]^C^C$S=EDIT

[EDIT
] EDIT . ^C^C
, $S=EDIT EDIT.

10
, , . .

11
**DRAW

**DRAW , ,
1231.

15
[*-DRAW-* ]

*-DRAW-*, . ,
.

18
[PLINE:

]^C^CPLINE;\W;0.1;0.1

[PLINE:
] PLINE: .
^C^C . PLINE AutoCAD.
RETURN. . (\) , . . W PLINE
() c Width (). (0.1)
, (0.1)
. 0,1.

PLINE AutoCAD;
; RETURN;
\ ;
W Width;
; RETURN;
0.1 ;
; RETURN;
0.1 .

19
[ELLIP-C: ]^C^CELLIPSE;C

[ELLIP-C: ] ELLIP-C: . ^C^C


. ELLIPSE AutoCAD. RETURN.
ELLIPSE () c Center ().

278

ELLIPSE AutoCAD;
; RETURN;
C Center.

20
[ELLIP-E: ]^C^CELLIPSE

[ELLIP-C: ] ELLIP-C:. ^C^C . ELLIPSE AutoCAD.


RETURN. ELLIPSE () , .

30
[*-PREV-* ]^C^C$S=

[*-PREV-* ] *-PREV-* .
^C^C , $S=
, .

$S= .

31
[*-EDIT-* ]^C^C$S=EDIT

[*-EDIT-* ] *-EDIT-* .
^C^C , $S=EDIT EDIT
. , EDIT.

$S EDIT;
EDIT .

33
**EDIT

**EDIT , , 3453.

34
[ MENU-2

]^C^C$S=SCREEN

[ MENU-2
] MENU-2.
^C^C , $S=SCREEN
SCREEN .

39
[ERASE:

]^C^CERASE

[ERASE:
] ERASE:. ^C^C
. ERASE AutoCAD, .

279

53
[*-DRAW-* ]^C^C$S=DRAW

$S=DRAW DRAW .
DRAW, .
,
AutoCAD.
DRAW DRAW
. , , . MENU-2
, (. 9.6). ,
, DRAW.

. 9.6.

,
21 . . ,

(. 9.7). 3 .

. 9.7.

280

, , , .
,
21 .

2 ()
, AutoCAD.
sme2.mnu.
ARC
-3P
-SCE
-SCA
-SCL
-SEA
POLYGON-C
POLYGON-E

MIRROR
BREAK-F
BREAK-@
EXTEND
STRETCH
FILLET-0
FILLET
CHAMFER


. (**), ,
.
. ,
. 3 .

3
, ,
AutoCAD.
Draw
LINE
Continue
Close
Undo
.X
.Y
.Z
.XY
.XZ
.YZ

ARC
3Point
SCE
SCA
CSE
CSA
CSL

Edit
EXTEND
STRETCH
FILLET

Dispaly
ZOOM
REGEN
SCALE
PAN

,
. . 9.8 , AutoCAD.

281

. 9.8.

, - , sm3.mnu. sm3.mnu.
,
.
***SCREEN
**S
[ MENU-3 ]^C^C$S=X $S=S
[******** ]$S=OSNAP
[
]
[DRAW
]^C^C$S=X $S=DRAW
[EDIT
]^C^C$S=X $S=EDIT
[DISPLAY ]^C^C$S=X $S=DISP
**DRAW 3
[
]
[*-DRAW-* ]
[LINE
]^C^CLINE
[ Continue ]^C^CLINE;;
[ Close
]CLOSE
[ Undo
]UNDO
[ .X
].X
[ .Y
].Y
[ .Z
].Z
[ .XY
].XY
[ .XZ
].XZ
[ .YZ
].YZ
[
]
[ARC:
]^C^CARC

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

282

[ -3P:
]^C^CARC \\DRAG
[ -SCE: ]^C^CARC \C \DRAG
[ -SCA: ]^C^CARC \C \A DRAG
[ -CSE: ]^C^CARC C \\DRAG
[ -CSA: ]^C^CARC C \\A DRAG
[ CSL:
]^C^CARC C \\L DRAG
[
]
[*-PREV-* ]$S= $S=
[*-EDIT-* ]^C^C$S=X $S=EDIT
[*-DISP-* ]$S=X $S=DISP
**EDIT 3
[*-EDIT-* ]
[
]
[EXTEND: ]^C^CEXTEND
[STRETCH: ]^C^CSTRETCH;C
[FILLET: ]^C^CFILLET
[ Rad
]R;\Fillet
[ Rad 0
]R;0;\Fillet
[FILLET0: ]^C^CFillet;R;0::
Win.
Cross.
Add
Undo
[
]
[*-PREV-* ]$S= $S=
[*-DRAW-* ]^C^C$S=X $S=DRAW
[*-DISP-* ]$S=X $S=DISP
**DISP 3
[*-DISP-* ]
[
]
[ZOOM:
]ZOOM
[ -ALL
]A
[ -WIN
]W
[ -PREV ]P
[ -EXT
]E
[
]
[SCALE:
]ZOOM
[PAN:
]PAN
[REGEN:
]^C^CREGEN
[
]
[*-PREV-* ]$S= $S=
[*-EDIT-* ]^C^C$S=X $S=EDIT
[*-DRAW-* ]$S=X $S=DRAW
**X 3
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]

24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74


[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
**OSNAP 2
[*-OSNAPS-*]
[
]
[Center
]CEN $S=
[Endpoint ]END $S=
[Insert
]INS $S=
[Intersec ]INT $S=
[Midpoint ]MID $S=
[Nearest ]NEA $S=
[Node
]NOD $S=
[Perpend ]PER $S=
[Quadrant ]QUA $S=
[Tangent ]TAN $S=
[None
]NONE $S=
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[*-PREV-* ] $S=

283
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106

3
[ MENU-3
], ,
MENU-3 . ^C^C
, $S=X . , $S=S
S. , 171, 18 .
, ,
. X S , .
[ MENU-3

]^C^C$S=X $S=S

^C^C ;
$S=X ( );
$S=S S.

284

4
[********]$S=OSNAP

, (********);
$S=OSNAP OSNAP. OSNAP, 191,
, .

6
[DRAW

]^C^C$S=X $S=DRAW

DRAW , , X, DRAW.
, DRAW, 11, , .

9
**DRAW 3

DRAW; 3 ,
DRAW 3. , 1 2 . 3 DRAW,
. , S
OSNAP, 3. , (MENU-3)
(********) .
MENU-3 S. ********, OSNAP.

DRAW ;
3 , .

12
[LINE:

]^C^CLINE

^C^C ; LINE
AutoCAD.

13
[ Continue ]^C^CLINE;;

LINE ,
. , , , Continue LINE:
Command: LINE
Specify first point: RETURN (Continue)
Specify next point or [Undo]:

,
, :
LINE
RETURN
RETURN
SELECT A POINT

285

, ,
LINE RETURN.

16
[.X

].X

.X, , X
. , .X , .
.X. , 3943.

[.X
[.Y
[.Z

].X .X ( );
].Y .Y ( );
].Z .Z ( ).

31
[*-PREV-* ]$S= $S=

. AutoCAD , . $S= , $S= , . , ,


16 ([ARC:
]$S=X $S=ARC), :
X, ARC. ARC X . $S= ,
. $S= ,
, 16.

$S= ;
$S= .

33
[*-DISP-* ]$S=X $S=DISP

$S=X , $S=DISP
DISP. , CANCEL (^C^C) . , .
, , . [*-DISP-* ], ,
LINE (). ,
CANCEL ([*-DISP-*]^C^C$S=X $S=DISP),
LINE , *-DISP-* . 32 ([*-EDIT-*
]^C^C$S=X $S=EDIT)
^C^C, . , ,
.

286

38
[STRETCH: ]^C^CSTRETCH;C

^C^C ; STRETCH AutoCAD.


C , ,
.

STRETCH AutoCAD;
; , RETURN;
C .

40
[ RAD

]R;\FILLET

, , FILLET
() Radius (), ,
. ,
, FILLET .

R Radius () FILLET ();


; , RETURN;
\ , ;
FILLET AutoCAD.

41
[ RAD 0 ]R;0;\FILLET

, , FILLET
() Radius (), 0.
FILLET,
.

R Radius () FILLET ();


; ( ), RETURN;
0 ;
; , RETURN;
FILLET AutoCAD.

42
[FILLET0:]^C^CFILLET;R;0;;

FILLET 0, .

FILLET AutoCAD;
R Radius () FILLET ();
; ( ), RETURN;
0 ;
; , RETURN;
; , FILLET.

287

54
[ZOOM:

]'ZOOM

ZOOM.

ZOOM AutoCAD;
' , ZOOM.

90
[Center ]CEN $S=

CEN, , ,
$S= .

CEN ;
$S= .

, , .
: [LINE:

]$S=X $S=LINE

X $S.
, -
AutoCAD, .
: [LINE:

]$S=LINE ^C^CLINE

3 ()
AutoCAD, . 9.9, sme3.mnu. (********) .

. 9.9.

288

4
( ) , (. 9.10)
(. 9.11). , .
tm3.mnu.

. 9.10. 4

. 9.11.

, 4.
, .
***SCREEN
**S
[ MENU-3 ]^C^C$S=X $S=S
[******** ]$S=OSNAP
[
]
[
]

1
2
3
4
5
6

289


[DRAW
[EDIT
[ZOOM
[LAYER

]^C^C$S=X $S=DRAW
]^C^C$S=X $S=EDIT
]^C^C$S=X $S=ZOOM
]^C^C$S=X $S=LAYER

**DRAW 3
[*-DRAW-* ]
[
]
[
]
[LINE:
]$S=X $S=LINE ^C^CLINE
[ARC:
]$S=X $S=ARC
[CIRCLE: ]$S=X $S=CIRCLE ^C^CCIRCLE
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[*-PREV-* ]$S= $S=
[*-EDIT-* ]^C^C$S=X $S=EDIT
[*-ZOOM-* ]$S=X $S=ZOOM
**LINE 3
[LINE:
]^C^CLINE
[
]
[
]
[ Continue ]^C^CLINE;;
[ Close
]CLOSE
[ Undo
]UNDO
[ .X
].X
[ .Y
].Y
[ .Z
].Z
[ .XY
].XY
[ .XZ
].XZ
[ .YZ
].YZ
[
]
[
]
[
]
[*-PREV-* ]$S= $S=
[*-EDIT-* ]^C^C$S=X $S=EDIT
[*-ZOOM-* ]$S=X $S=ZOOM
**ARC 3
[ARC
]
[
]
[ -3P:
]^C^CARC \\DRAG
[ -SCE: ]^C^CARC \C \DRAG
[ -SCA: ]^C^CARC \C \A DRAG
[ -CSE: ]^C^CARC C \\DRAG

7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

290

[ -CSA: ]^C^CARC C \\A DRAG


[ CSL:
]^C^CARC C \\L DRAG
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[*-PREV-* ]$S= $S=
[*-EDIT-* ]^C^C$S=X $S=EDIT
[*-ZOOM-* ]$S=X $S=ZOOM
**CIRCLE 3
[CIRCLE: ]
[
]
[ -C,R: ]^C^CCIRCLE
[ -C,D: ]^C^CCIRCLE \D
[ -2P:
]^C^CCIRCLE 2P
[ -3P:
]^C^CCIRCLE 3P
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[*-PREV-* ]$S= $S=
[*-EDIT-* ]^C^C$S=X $S=EDIT
[*-ZOOM-* ]$S=X $S=ZOOM

**EDIT 3
[*-EDIT-* ]
[
]
[
]
[ERASE
]
[Quadrant ]QUA $S=
[Tangent ]TAN $S=
[None
]NONE $S=
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[*-PREV-* ]$S= $S=
[*-EDIT-* ]^C^C$S=X $S=EDIT

59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110


[*-ZOOM-* ]$S=X $S=ZOOM
**ERASE 3
[ERASE:
[
]
Window
Last
Prev
Cross
Remove
Add
Undo
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[*-PREV-*
[*-EDIT-*
[*-ZOOM-*

]^C^CERASE

]$S= $S=
]^C^C$S=X $S=EDIT
]$S=X $S=ZOOM

**ZOOM 3
[*-ZOOM-* ]
[
]
[
]
[ZOOM:
]ZOOM
[ -ALL
]A
[ -WIN
]W
[ -PREV ]P
[ -EXT
]E
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[*-PREV-* ]$S= $S=
[*-EDIT-* ]^C^C$S=X $S=EDIT
[*-DRAW-* ]$S=X $S=DRAW
***LAYER 3
[*-LAYER-* ]
[
]
[
]
[LAYER:
]^C^CCLAYER
Make
New
Set
Linetype
Color

291
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162

292

[List
]?;;
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[*-PREV-* ]$S= $S=
[*-EDIT-* ]^C^C$S=X $S=EDIT
[*-DRAW-* ]$S=X $S=DRAW
**X 3
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[

]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]

**OSNAP 2
[*-OSNAPS-*]
[
]
[Center
]CEN $S=
[Endpoint ]END $S=
[Insert
]INS $S=
[Intersec ]INT $S=
[Midpoint ]MID $S=
[Nearest ]NEA $S=
[Node
]NOD $S=
[Perpend ]PER $S=
[Quadrant ]QUA $S=
[Tangent ]TAN $S=
[None
]NONE $S=
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[*-PREV-* ]$S

163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213


***TABLET1
$S=X $S=LINE ^C^CLINE
$S=X $S=CIRCLE ^C^CCIRCLE
$S=X $S=ARC ^C^CARC
$S=X $S=ZOOM ^C^CZOOM
$S=X $S=ERASE ^C^CERASE
$S=X $S=LAYER ^C^CLAYER

293
214
215
216
217
218
219
220

1
***SCREEN

***SCREEN . , 1 213.

3
[ MENU 3 ]^C^C$S=X $S=S

$S=X , $S=S S.

7
[DRAW

]^C^C$S=X $S=DRAW

$S=DRAW DRAW, .

12
**DRAW 3

DRAW , 3 ,
. , (MENU-3) (********) .
MENU-3 - S,
. , - ********,
OSNAP .

28
[*-PREV-*]$S= $S=

$S= $S=, , . , ,
.

214
***TABLET1

TABLET1 1.
, 215 220.

215
$S=X $S=LINE ^C^CLINE

$S=X, , X . X

294

, , , . $S=LINE, ,
LINE
. ^C^CLINE , LINE ().
LINE AutoCAD , LINE LINE.
, .

$S=X X;
$S=LINE LINE;
^C^C ;
LINE AutoCAD.

. ,
TABLET1 :
***TABLET1
$S=X ^C^CLINE
$S=X ^C^CCIRCLE
$S=X ^C^CARC
$S=X ^C^CZOOM
$S=X ^C^CERASE
$S=X ^C^CLAYER

214
215
216
217
218
219
220


.
, , .
,
. ,
AutoCAD ,
, , .
, ,
. , ,
, .
.

5
,
( sm4.mnu).
, :

1
2
3
4
5

0.01
0,0
12,0
12,9
0,9
0,0

295

0.25
0.5
12,9

, , , . ,
, .

Command: PLINE
Specify start point: 0,0
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify starting width <0.0000>: 0.01
Specify ending width <0.01>: <Enter>
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:

12,0
12,9
0,9
C

PLINE (), :
PLINE;0,0;W;0.01;;12,0;12,9;0,9;C

Command: SNAP
Specify snap spacing or [ON/OFF/Aspect/Rotate/Sytle/Type] < >:
0.25

SNAP (), :
SNAP;0.25

Command: GRID
Specify grid spacing(X) or [ON/OFF/Snap/Aspect] < >: 0.5

GRID (), :
GRID;0.5


Command: LIMITS
Specify lower left corner or [ON/OFF] < >: 0,0
Specify upper right corner < >: 12,9

LIMITS (), :
LIMITS;0,0;12,9

296

Commnad: ZOOM
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or [All/Center/
Dynamic/Previous/Scale/Window] < >: A

ZOOM (), :
ZOOM;A

,
. NSETUP
, .


[-NSETUP-]PLINE;0,0;W;0.01;;12,0;12;9;C;+
SNAP;0.25;GRID;0.5;LIMITS;+
0,0;12,9;ZOOM;A

4 ()
, UNITS ( sme4.mnu).
:


AutoCAD ,
. ,
<Esc> .
.
,
(*).
[ERASE,W:]*^C^CERASE W

* , ;
^C^C , ;
ERASE AutoCAD;
W Window ().
AutoCAD ,
. ,
ERASE () Window ()
, . <Enter>
, .

297

6
, AutoCAD, sm6.mnu. .
LINE
ERASE
TRIM

LIST
INSERT
DIST

, 6.
, <Ctrl>
<C>.
[-ERASE- ]
[
]
[
]
[LINE: ]*^C^CLINE
[ERASE: ]*^C^CERASE
[TRIM: ]*^C^CTRIM
[LIST: ]*^C^CLIST
[INSERT: ]*^C^CINSERT
[DIST
]*^C*CDIST

, .
, <Esc>.
<Esc> . . , Windows
<Ctrl+Alt+Del>.
, . ERASE () C (Crossing). - .
[ERASE,C:]*^C^CERASE C


MENUCTL,
. 1, AutoCAD $S=CMDNAME, CMDNAME , . , LINE
() , CMDNAME LINE .
, . , , , , ARC. ARC ()
. ,
- (, MYARC), AutoCAD .
MENUCTL 1.
MENUCTL 0, $S=CMDNAME .

298

MENUECHO
MENUECHO 0, , , , , . ,
CIRCLE () _circle Specify
center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: (_
[3T/2T/KKP ( )]:).
MENUECHO 1, AutoCAD Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:.
, MENUECHO 1, _circle
. ^P
. MENUECHO 2, 4 8,
, ^P
DIESEL.


, AutoCAD . , AutoCAD, (_).

[New
]^C^C_New
[Open
]^C^C_Open
[Line
]^C^C_Line
[Arc-SCA ]^C^C_Arc;\_C;|_A

, ,
. acad.mnu, ,
AutoCAD .

7
(. 1) , AutoCAD.
7:
***SCREEN
[ MENU-1 ]
[
]
[
]
[LINE
]^C^C_LINE
[
]
[CIR-C,R ]^C^C_CIRCLE
[CIR-C,D ]^C^C_CIRCLE;\D
[CIR-2P ]^C^C_CIRCLE;2P
[
]
[ERASE
]^C^C_ERASE
[MOVE
]^C^C_MOVE

299



ASCII,
(^). ,
, (SNAP),
, ,
.
[SNAP-TOG]^B

SNAP-TOG SNAP;
^ (^);
B , .

^C ;
^G ;
^H ;
^O ;
^T ;
^E //.
^B , <Ctrl+B> , .. . SNAP-TOG
, .
ACSII. :
^@ ASCII 0;
^[ ASCII 27;
^\ ASCII 28;
^] ASCII 29;
^^ ASCII 30;
^- ACSII 31.


,
AutoCAD:

***
**
[
;
""

,
,
,
, ENTER
,

300

\
_
+
=*
*
$M=
$S=CMDNAME
^B
^C
^D
^E
^G
^H
^O
^P
^Q
^T
^V
^Z

,
, AutoCAD
,

,


, DIESEL
,



(//)



- (MENUECHO)




8
, (
sm8.mnu).
ORTHO

SNAP

GRID

COORDINATE DIAL

TABLET

ISOPLANE

PRINTER

, ,

. ,
:
ORTHO <Ctrl+O>;
SNAP <Ctrl+B>;
GRID <Ctrl+G>;
COORDINATE DIAL <Ctrl+D>;
TABLET <Ctrl+T>;
ISOPLANE <Ctrl+E>;
CURRENT VIEWPORT <Ctrl+V>.

301

-
EDIT. , .
[-TOGGLE- ]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[ORTHO
]^O
[SNAP
]^B
[GRID
]^G
[CO-ORDS
]^D
[TABLET
]^T
[
]
[ISOPLANE ]^E
[CURRENT VIEWPORT]^V

/ ORTHO
/ SNAP
/ GRID
/ COORDINATE DIAL
/ TABLET
/ ISOPLANE



, , (;)
, ENTER. , ,
ENTER. ASCII, (^H). ,
. ^H
. ,
ENTER, :
[9]9X^H

9 ;
9 , ;
X ^H (
);
^H , .
^H ASCII, . , ^H ( )
9. ^H
( ).
. , <Enter>,
.

302

9
, (
sm9.mnu).
0
1
2
3
4

5
6
7
8
9

.
,
X
Y
Z

, 9.
, ENTER.
[-KEYPAD[
[
[
[0]0Y^H
[1]1Y^H
[2]2Y^H
[3]3Y^H
[4]4Y^H
[5]5Y^H
[6]6Y^H
[7]7Y^H
[8]8Y^H
[9]9Y^H
[.].Y^H
[,],Y^H
[]
[X]XX^H
[Y]YY^H
[Z]ZZ^H

]
]
]
]
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
(.)
(,)

X
Y
Z

,
. , [2]2\ 2,
, - . , ,
.
[-KEYPAD[
[
[
[0]0\
[1]1\
[2]2\
[3]3\
[4]4\
[5]5\

]
]
]
]

[6]6\
[7]7\
[8]8\
[9]9\
[.].\
[,],\
[]
[X]X\
[Y]Y
[Z]Z\

303

,

, Single ERASE,

.
[ERASE]*^C^CERASE Single

* ;
Single ERASE (),
.
, ,
, . ^C^C
. ERASE AutoCAD,
. Single , AutoCAD .
ERASE, .
, ( -
), AutoCAD Crossing ( ) Window ().
( , ). ,
Window (). ,
. , ,
.

AutoLISP

AutoLISP. ,
. AutoLISP . ( AutoLISP
12 13.)

10
AutoLISP, .
, AutoLISP.
AutoLISP, . .

304

(DEFUN C:SQR()
(SETVAR "CMDECHO" 0)
(SETQ P1 (GETPOINT "\n ENTER STARTING POINT: "))
(SETQ S (GETDIST "\n ENTER LENGTH OF SIDE: "))
(SETQ P2 (LIST (+ (CAR P1) (CADR P1)))
(SETQ P3 (POLAR P2 (/ PI 2) S))
(SETQ P4 (POLAR P1 (/ PI 2) S))
(COMMAND "PLINE" P1 P2 P3 P4 "C")
(SETVAR "CMDECHO" 1)
(PRINC)
)

, AutoLISP :
[-SQUARE-]
[
]
[
]
[SQUARE:](SETQ P1(GETPOINT "ENTER STARTING POINT:+"));\+
(SETQ S (GETDIST "ENTER LENGTH OF SIDE: "));+
(SETQ P2 (LIST (+ (CAR P1) (CADR P1)))+
(SETQ P3 (POLAR P2 (/ pi 2) S))+
(SETQ P4 (POLAR P1 (/ pi 2) S));+
PLINE !P1 !P2 !P3 !P4 C

AutoLISP ,
, , , , , . ,
AutoLISP
AutoCAD.

DIESEL
, ,
, DIESEL. MODEMACRO , .
DIESEL .

11
,
DIESEL, :
1

Dimtad

Dimtix

Dimscale

,
DIESEL. MENU,
. (DIESEL1) , (. 9.12).

305

***screen
[*DIESEL*]
[DIESEL1:]^C^MODEMACRO;$M=Cust-Acad,N:$(GETVAR,DWGNAME),+
L:$(GETVAR,CLAYER);
[DIESEL2:]^C^CMODEMACRO;$M=PLWID:$(GETVAR,PLINEWID),+
FRAD:$(GETVAR,FILLETRAD),OFFSET:$(GETVAR,OFFSETDIST),+
LTSCALE:$(GETVAR,LTSCALE);
[DIESEL3:]^C^CMODEMACRO;$M=DTAD:$(GETVAR,DIMTAD),+
DTIX:$(GETVAR,DIMTIX),DSCALE:$(GETVAR,DIMSCALE);

. 9.12. 11

DIESEL $M=. AutoCAD


DIESEL, (=); , DIESEL, .

[SCR-MODE]SCREENMODE $M=$(-,1,$(GETVAR,SCRENMODE))

AutoCAD $(-,1,$(GETVAR,
SCRENMODE)). GETVAR SCREENMODE,
1. SCREENMODE 1, DIESEL 0, 0,
1. , DIESEL, SCREENMODE.

306

,
, .. .


,
.
1. , , ,
________.
2. , ________.
3.
________.
4. _________.
5.
________.
6. ________, , .
7. ,
, ________ .
8. ______.
9. , ,
________.


.
1. AutoCAD ________
.
2. ________.
3. , ,
_________.
4. ________ .
5. ,
_________ .
6. , ____.
7. , , ________.
8. ________ ,
.
9. _________ .
10.
_________.

307

5 ()
, AutoCAD (
sme5.mnu).
POLYGON
POLYGON
ELLIPSE
ELLIPSE
CHAMFER
EXPLODE
COPY

(Center)
(Edge)
(Center)
(Axis End point)

6 ()
, AutoCAD. , .
sme6.mnu.
ARC
-3P
-SCE
-CSE
BLOCK
INSERT
WBLOCK
MINSERT

ROTATE
ARRAY
DIVIDE
MESURE
LAYER
SET
LIST

7 ()
,
, .
sme6.mnu.

0
OBJECT
HIDDEN
CENTER
DIM

WHITE
RED
YELLOW
BLUE
GREEN


CONTINUOS
CONTINUOS
HIDDEN
CENTER
CONTINUOS

8 ()
, . 9.13.
OSNAP ********, MENU-8. sme6.mnu.

308

. 9.13.

9 ()
, AutoCAD. LINE
.
.
LINE
Continue
Close
Undo
.X
.Y
.Z
CIRCLE
ELLIPSE

ZOOM All
ZOOM Win
ZOOM Pre
PAN
DBLIST
STATUS

TIME
LIST
DISTANCE
AREA

. 9.14 9.15.

10 ()
, ,
AutoCAD. -
. . 9.16.
LINE
PLINE
CIRCLE C,R
CIRCLE C,D
ELLIPSE AXIS ENDPOINT
ELLIPSE CENTER

BLOCK
WBLOCK
INSERT
BLOCK LIST
ATTDEF
ATTEDIT

. 9.14. 9

. 9.15. 9

. 9.16. 10

309

310

11 ()
, , , . 9.17. -
.

. 9.17. , 11

12 ()
, ,
. B1B15 .
BLOCK
WBLOCK
ATTDEF
LIST
INSERT
BL1
BL2
BL3
BL4
BL5

BL6
BL7
BL8
BL9
BL10

BL11
BL12
BL13
BL14
BL15

13 ()
,
AutoCAD. ARC CIRCLE . .
, . 9.18, . ARC CIRCLE ,
. . 9.19.


LINE
PLINE
ARC
ARC 3P
ARC SCE
ARC SCA
ARC CSE
ARC CSA
ARC CSL
CIRCLE
CIRCLE C,R
CIRCLE C,D
CIRCLE 2P

BLOCK
INSERT
WBLOCK

311

QUIT
SAVE
_____
PLOT

. 9.18. 13

. 9.19.


1 MACRO (), 2 (*), 3 MENUCTL, 4 CMDNAME, 5 MODEMACRO,
6 ^P, 7 (+), 8 , 9 ^H.

10

AutoCAD


, :
ACAD.MNU;
;
;
;
;
.

314

10

AutoCAD
AutoCAD , acad.mnu. .
AutoCAD (. 10.1). . , ***_
(***section_name). ,
***SCREEN. .
***SCREEN
***TABLET(n)
***IMAGE
***POP(n)

***BUTTONS(n)
***AUX(n)
***MENUGROUP
***TOOLBARS
***HELPSTRING
***ACCELERATORS

n 1 4
n 1 499
n = 0, n 500
999
n 1 4
n 1 4






-
-

. 10.1. , AutoCAD

AutoCAD

315

acad.mnu :
///
//
//
//

AutoCAD 2002 Menu


Dec. 15, 2000
Copyright (C) 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992,
1994, 1996, 1997,1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 by Autodesk, Inc.

***MENUGROUP=ACAD
// AutoCAD
***BUTTONS1
// +
// , (POP 500)
// .
// SHORTCUTMENU 0,
// ( 1) .
$M=$(if,$(eq,$(substr,$(getvar,cmdnames),1,5),GRIP_),$P0=ACAD.GRIPS $P0=*);
$P0=SNAP $p0=*
^C^C
^B
^O
^G
^D
^E
^T
***BUTTONS2
// <Shift> +
$P0=SNAP $p0=*
***BUTTONS3
// <Ctrl> +
***BUTTONS4
// <Ctrl> + <Shift> +
// -
***AUX1
// +
// , (POP 500)
// .
// SHORTCUTMENU 0,
// ( 1, " ") .
$M=$(if,$(eq,$(substr,$(getvar,cmdnames),1,5),GRIP_),$P0=ACAD.GRIPS $P0=*);
$P0=SNAP $p0=*
^C^C
^B
^O
^G
^D
^E
^T

316

10

***AUX2
// <Shift> +
$P0=SNAP $p0=*
$P0=SNAP $p0=*
***AUX3
// <Ctrl> +
$P0=SNAP $p0=*
***AUX4
// <Ctrl> + <Shift> +
$P0=SNAP $p0=*
***POP0
**SNAP
// <Shift> + ,
// AUX2 / BUTTONS2. [&Object Snap Cursor Menu]
ID_Tracking [Temporary trac&k point]_tt
ID_From
[&From]_from
ID_MnPointFi [->Poin&t Filters]
ID_PointFilx [.X].X
ID_PointFily [.Y].Y
ID_PointFilz [.Z].Z
|
|
***POP1
**FILE
ID_MnFile
[&File]
ID_New
[&New...\tCtrl+N]^C^C_new
ID_Open
[&Open...\tCtrl+O]^C^C_open
ID_DWG_CLOSE [&Close]^C^C_close
ID_PartialOp
[$(if,$(eq,$(getvar,fullopen),0),,~)Partia&l Load]^C^C_partiaload
ID_Save
[&Save\tCtrl+S]^C^C_qsave
ID_Saveas
[Save &As...]^C^C_saveas
ID_ETransmit [e&Transmit...]^C^C_etransmit
ID_Publish [Publish to &Web...]^C^C_publishtoweb
ID_Export
[&Export...]^C^C_export
|
|
***POP2
**EDIT
ID_MnEdit
[&Edit]
ID_U
[&Undo\tCtrl+Z]_u
ID_Redo
[&Redo\tCtrl+Y]^C^C_redo
[--]
ID_Cutclip [Cu&t\tCtrl+X]^C^C_cutclip
ID_Copyclip [&Copy\tCtrl+C]^C^C_copyclip
ID_Copybase [Copy with &Base Point]^C^C_copybase
ID_Copylink [Copy &Link]^C^C_copylink

AutoCAD
|
|
***POP3
**VIEW
ID_MnView
[&View]
ID_Redrawall [&Redraw]'_redrawall
ID_Regen
[Re&gen]^C^C_regen
ID_Regenall [Regen &All]^C^C_regenall
ID_ZoomRealt [&Realtime]'_zoom ;
ID_ZoomPrevi [&Previous]'_zoom _p
ID_ZoomWindo [&Window]'_zoom _w
ID_ZoomDynam [&Dynamic]'_zoom _d
ID_ZoomScale [&Scale]'_zoom _s
ID_ZoomCente [&Center]'_zoom _c
|
|
***POP4
**INSERT
ID_MnInsert [&Insert]
ID_Ddinsert [&Block...]^C^C_insert
ID_Xattach [E&xternal Reference...]^C^C_xattach
ID_Imageatta [Raster &Image...]^C^C_imageattach
|
|
***POP5
**FORMAT
ID_MnFormat [F&ormat]
ID_Layer
[&Layer...]'_layer
ID_Ddcolor [&Color...]'_color
ID_Linetype [Li&netype...]'_linetype
ID_Linewt
[Line&weight...]'_lweight
|
|
***POP6
**TOOLS
ID_MnTools [&Tools]
ID_Today
[&Today]^C^C_Today
ID_PointA
[&Autodesk Point A]^C^C_^C^C_browser http://pointa.autodesk.com
ID_MeetNow [&Meet Now]^C^C_MeetNow
ID_MnCadStd [->CAD &Standards]
ID_Standards [&Configure...]^C^C_standards
|
|
***POP7
**DRAW
ID_MnDraw
[&Draw]
ID_Line
[&Line]^C^C_line
ID_Ray
[&Ray]^C^C_ray
ID_Xline
[Cons&truction Line]^C^C_xline
ID_Mline
[&Multiline]^C^C_mline

317

318

10

ID_Pline
[&Polyline]^C^C_pline
ID_Polygon [Pol&ygon]^C^C_polygon
ID_Rectang [Rectan&gle]^C^C_rectang
|
|
***POP8
**DIMENSION
ID_MnDimensi [Dime&nsion]
ID_QDim
[&Quick Dimension]^C^C_qdim
[--]
ID_Dimlinear [&Linear]^C^C_dimlinear
ID_Dimaligne [Ali&gned]^C^C_dimaligned
ID_Dimordina [&Ordinate]^C^C_dimordinate
[--]
ID_Dimradius [&Radius]^C^C_dimradius
ID_Dimdiamet [&Diameter]^C^C_dimdiameter
ID_Dimangula [&Angular]^C^C_dimangular
|
|
***POP9
**MODIFY
ID_MnModify [&Modify]
ID_Ai_propch [&Properties]^C^C_properties
ID_Matchprop [&Match Properties]'_matchprop
ID_MnObject [->&Object]
ID_MnExterna [->&External Reference]
ID_Xbind
[&Bind...]^C^C_xbind
ID_Xclipfram [<-$(if,$(eq,$(getvar,xclipframe),1),!.)&Frame]$M=$
(if,$(eq,$(getvar,xclipframe),1),^C^C_xclipframe 0,^C^C_xclipframe 1)
ID_MnImage [->&Image]
ID_Imageadju [&Adjust...]^C^C_imageadjust
ID_Imagequal [&Quality]^C^C_imagequality
ID_Transpare [&Transparency]^C^C_transparency
|
|
***POP10
**WINDOW
ID_MnWindow [&Window]
ID_DWG_CLOSE
[Cl&ose]^C^C_close
ID_WINDOW_CLOSEALL [C&lose All]^C^C_closeall
ID_WINDOW_CASCADE
[&Cascade]^C^C_syswindows;_cascade
ID_WINDOW_TILE_HORZ [Tile &Horizontally]^C^C_syswindows;_hor
|
|
***POP11
**HELP
ID_MnHelp
[&Help]
ID_Help
[&Help\tF1]'_help
ID_ASSIST
[&Active Assistance]'_ASSIST
ID_DevHelp [&Developer Help]^C^C^P(help "acad_dev" "") ^P
ID_Support [&Support Assistance]^C^C^P(help "acad" "asa") ^P

AutoCAD

319

ID_WhatsNew [&What's New]^C^C^P(progn (help "acadwnew")(princ)) ^P


ID_LAssist [&Learning Assistance]^C^C^P(help "acad" "elearning") ^P
ID_AUGI
[Autodesk &User Group International]^C^C^P(command "_browser"
(findfile "augi.htm")) ^P
|
|
***POP500
**GRIPS
// ,
// . . AUX1.
// [&Grips Cursor Menu]
ID_Enter
[&Enter];
ID_GripMove [&Move]_move
ID_GripMirro [M&irror]_mirror
ID_GripRotat [&Rotate]_rotate
ID_GripScale [Sca&le]_scale
|
|
***POP501
**CMDEFAULT [ ]
ID_CMNonLast [&Repeat %s]^C^C;
ID_Cutclip [Cu&t]^C^C_cutclip
ID_Copyclip [&Copy]^C^C_copyclip
ID_Copybase [Copy with &Base Point]^C^C_copybase
ID_Pasteclip [&Paste]^C^C_pasteclip
ID_Pastebloc [Paste as Bloc&k]^C^C_pasteblock
ID_Pasteorig [Paste to Original Coor&dinates]^C^C_pasteorig
|
|
***POP502
**CMEDIT
[ ]
ID_CMSelLast [&Repeat %s]^C^C;
ID_Cutclip [Cu&t]^C^C_cutclip
ID_Copyclip [&Copy]^C^C_copyclip
ID_Copybase [Copy with &Base Point]^C^C_copybase
ID_Pasteclip [&Paste]^C^C_pasteclip
ID_Pastebloc [Paste as Bloc&k]^C^C_pasteblock
ID_Pasteorig [Paste to Original Coor&dinates]^C^C_pasteorig
|
|
***POP503
**CMCOMMAND [ ]
ID_Enter
[&Enter];
ID_Cancel
[&Cancel]^C
|
|
***POP504
**OBJECTS_DIMENSION [ ]
ID_DimText
[->Dim Te&xt position]
ID_DimAbove
[&Above dim line]^C^C_ai_dim_textabove
ID_DimTxtCen
[&Centered]^C^C_ai_dim_textcenter

320

10

ID_DimHome
[&Home text]^C^C_ai_dim_texthome
ID_DimTxtMove2 [&Move text alone]^C^C_aidimtextmove _2
|
|
***POP505
**OBJECT_VIEWPORT [ ]
ID_VpClip
[&Viewport Clip]^C^C_vpclip
ID_Vport_disp
[->&Display Viewport Objects]
ID_Vport_dispon [&Yes]^C^C_-vports _on _p;;
ID_Vport_dispoff [<-&No]^C^C_-vports _off _p;;
ID_Vport_lock
[->Display &Locked]
|
|
***POP506
**OBJECTS_XREF [ XREF]
ID_Xclip
[Xref Cl&ip]^C^C_xclip
ID_XRef
[Xref Ma&nager...]^C^C_xref
***POP507
**OBJECT_MTEXT [ MTEXT]
ID_Mtedit
[Mtext Ed&it...]^C^C_mtedit
***POP508
**OBJECT_TEXT [ TEXT]
ID_Ddedit
[Text Ed&it...]^C^C_ddedit
***POP509
**OBJECT_HATCH [ HATCH]
ID_Hatchedit [&Hatch Edit...]^C^C_hatchedit
***POP510
**OBJECT_LWPOLYLINE [ PLINE]
ID_Pedit [Polyline Ed&it]^C^C_pedit
***POP511
**OBJECT_SPLINE [ SPLINE]
ID_Splinedit [Spline Ed&it]^C^C_splinedit
|
|
***TOOLBARS
**TB_DIMENSION
ID_TbDimensi [_Toolbar("Dimension", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 130, 1)]
ID_Dimlinear [_Button("Linear Dimension", RCDATA_16_DIMLIN,
RCDATA_16_DIMLIN)]^C^C_dimlinear
ID_Dimaligne [_Button("Aligned Dimension", RCDATA_16_DIMALI,
RCDATA_16_DIMALI)]^C^C_dimaligned
ID_Dimordina [_Button("Ordinate Dimension", RCDATA_16_DIMORD,
RCDATA_16_DIMORD)]^C^C_dimordinate
[--]
ID_Dimradius [_Button("Radius Dimension", RCDATA_16_DIMRAD,
RCDATA_16_DIMRAD)]^C^C_dimradius

AutoCAD
ID_Dimdiamet [_Button("Diameter Dimension", RCDATA_16_DIMDIA,
RCDATA_16_DIMDIA)]^C^C_dimdiameter
ID_Dimangula [_Button("Angular Dimension", RCDATA_16_DIMANG,
RCDATA_16_DIMANG)]^C^C_dimangular
[--]
|
|
**TB_DRAW
ID_TbDraw
[_Toolbar("Draw", _Left, _Show, 0, 0, 1)]
ID_Line
[_Button("Line", RCDATA_16_LINE, RCDATA_16_LINE)]^C^C_line
ID_Xline
[_Button("Construction Line", RCDATA_16_XLINE,
RCDATA_16_XLINE)]^C^C_xline
ID_Pline
[_Button("Polyline", RCDATA_16_PLINE,
RCDATA_16_PLINE)]^C^C_pline
|
|
**TB_INQUIRY
ID_TbInquiry [_Toolbar("Inquiry", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 170, 1)]
ID_Dist [_Button("Distance", RCDATA_16_DIST, RCDATA_16_DIST)]'_dist
ID_Area [_Button("Area", RCDATA_16_AREA, RCDATA_16_AREA)]^C^C_area
ID_Massprop [_Button("Region/Mass Properties", RCDATA_16_MASSPR,
RCDATA_16_MASSPR)]^C^C_massprop
[--]
ID_List [_Button("List", RCDATA_16_LIST, RCDATA_16_LIST)]^C^C_list
ID_Id
[_Button("Locate Point", RCDATA_16_ID, RCDATA_16_ID)]'_id
**TB_INSERT
ID_TbInsert [_Toolbar("Insert", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 190, 1)]
ID_Ddinsert [_Button("Insert Block", RCDATA_16_DINSER,
RCDATA_16_DINSER)]^C^C_insert
[--]
ID_Xref
[_Button("External Reference", RCDATA_16_XREATT,
RCDATA_16_XREATT)]^C^C_xref
|
|
**TB_LAYOUTS
ID_TbLayouts [_Toolbar("Layouts", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 350, 1)]
ID_LayNew
[_Button("New Layout", RCDATA_16_LAYNEW,
RCDATA_16_LAYNEW)]^C^C_layout _n
ID_LayTemp [_Button("Layout from Template", RCDATA_16_LAYTEM,
RCDATA_16_LAYTEM)]^C^C_layout _t
ID_PlotSetup [_Button("Page Setup", RCDATA_16_PLTSET,
RCDATA_16_PLTSET)]^C^C_pagesetup
ID_VpDialog [_Button("Display Viewports Dialog", RCDATA_16_VPDLG,
RCDATA_16_VPDLG)]^C^C_vports
**TB_MODIFY
ID_TbModify [_Toolbar("Modify", _Left, _Show, 1, 0, 1)]
ID_Erase
[_Button("Erase", RCDATA_16_ERASE, RCDATA_16_ERASE)]^C^C_erase
ID_Copy
[_Button("Copy Object", RCDATA_16_COPYOB,

321

322

10

RCDATA_16_COPYOB)]$M=$(if,$(eq,+$(substr,$(getvar,cmdnames),1,4),grip),
_copy, ^C^C_copy)
ID_Mirror
[_Button("Mirror", RCDATA_16_MIRROR, RCDATA_16_MIRROR)]
_$M=$(if,$(eq,+$(substr,$(getvar,cmdnames),1,4),grip),
_mirror,^C^C_mirror)
|
|
**TB_MODIFY_II
ID_TbModifII [_Toolbar("Modify II", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 270, 1)]
ID_Draworder [_Button("Draworder",RCDATA_16_DRWORD,
RCDATA_16_DRWORD)]^C^C_draworder
[--]
ID_Hatchedit [_Button("Edit Hatch", RCDATA_16_HATEDI,
RCDATA_16_HATEDI)]^C^C_hatchedit
|
|
**TB_OBJECT_PROPERTIES
ID_TbObjectP [_Toolbar("Object Properties", _Top, _Show, 0, 1, 1)]
ID_CtrlColor [_Control(_Color)]
[--]
ID_CtrlLinet [_Control(_Linetype)]
[--]
ID_CtrlLineW [_Control(_Lineweight)]
[--]
ID_CtrlPStyl [_Control(_PlotStyle)]
**TB_LAYER
ID_TbLayer [_Toolbar("Layers", _Top, _Show, 1, 1, 1)]
ID_Layer
[_Button("Layer Properties Manager", RCDATA_16_LAYERS,
RCDATA_16_LAYERS)]'_layer
ID_CtrlLayer [_Control(_Layer)]
ID_Ai_molc [_Button("Make Object's Layer Current", RCDATA_16_MOLC,
RCDATA_16_MOLC)]^C^C_ai_molc
ID_LayerP
[_Button("Layer Previous", RCDATA_16_LAYERP,
RCDATA_16_LAYERP)]^C^C_LayerP
|
|
**TB_STYLES
ID_TbStyles [_Toolbar("Styles", _Top, _Show, 1, 0,1)]
ID_Style
[_Button("Text Style Manager", RCDATA_16_TXTSTYLE,
RCDATA_16_TXTSTYLE)]'_style
ID_TxtStyle [_Control(_txtstyle)]
[--]
ID_Ddim
[_Button("Dimension Style Manager", RCDATA_16_DIMSTY,
RCDATA_16_DIMSTY)]'_dimstyle
ID_DimStyle [_Control(_dimstyle)]
|
|
**TB_OBJECT_SNAP
ID_TbOsnap [_Toolbar("Object Snap", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 210, 1)]
ID_Tracking [_Button("Temporary Tracking Point", RCDATA_16_OSNTMP,

AutoCAD
RCDATA_16_OSNTMP)]_tt
ID_From [_Button("Snap From", RCDATA_16_OSNFRO,
RCDATA_16_OSNFRO)]_from
[--]
ID_OsnapEndp [_Button("Snap to Endpoint", RCDATA_16_OSNEND,
RCDATA_16_OSNEND)]_endp
|
|
**TB_ORBIT
ID_TbOrbit [_Toolbar("3D Orbit", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 350, 1)]
ID_3dpan [_Button("3D Pan", RCDATA_16_3DPAN,
RCDATA_16_3DPAN)]'_3dpan
ID_3dzoom
[_Button("3D Zoom", RCDATA_16_3DZOOM,
RCDATA_16_3DZOOM)]'_3dzoom
ID_3dorbit [_Button("3D Orbit", RCDATA_16_3DORBIT,
RCDATA_16_3DORBIT)]'_3dorbit
|
|
**TB_SHADING
ID_TbShading [_Toolbar("Shade", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 390, 1)]
ID_2doptim [_Button("2D Wireframe", RCDATA_16_2DOPTIM,
|
|
**TB_REFEDIT
ID_TbRefedit [_Toolbar("Refedit", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 170, 1)]
ID_RefEditor [_Button("Edit block or Xref", RCDATA_16_REFED_EDIT,
RCDATA_16_REFED_EDIT)]^C^C_refedit;
|
|
**TB_REFERENCE
ID_TbReferen [_Toolbar("Reference", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 370, 1)]
ID_Xref
[_Button("External Reference", RCDATA_16_XREATT,
RCDATA_16_XREATT)]^C^C_xref
ID_Xattach [_Button("External Reference Attach", RCDATA_16_XATTAC,
RCDATA_16_XATTAC)]^C^C_xattach
ID_Xclip
[_Button("External Reference Clip",
RCDATA_16_XRECLI,RCDATA_16_XRECLI)]^C^C_xclip
|
|
**TB_RENDER
ID_TbRender [_Toolbar("Render", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 230, 1)]
ID_Hide [_Button("Hide", RCDATA_16_HIDE, RCDATA_16_HIDE)]^C^C_hide
[--]
ID_Render
[_Button("Render", RCDATA_16_RENDER,
RCDATA_16_RENDER)]^C^C_render
|
|
**TB_SOLIDS
ID_TbSolids [_Toolbar("Solids", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 250, 1)]
ID_Box
[_Button("Box", RCDATA_16_BOX, RCDATA_16_BOX)]^C^C_box

323

324

10

ID_Sphere
[_Button("Sphere", RCDATA_16_SPHERE,
RCDATA_16_SPHERE)]^C^C_sphere
ID_Cylinder [_Button("Cylinder", RCDATA_16_CYLIND,
RCDATA_16_CYLIND)]^C^C_cylinder
|
|
**TB_SOLIDS2
ID_TbSolids2 [_Toolbar("Solids Editing", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 250, 1)]
ID_Union
[_Button("Union", RCDATA_16_UNION, RCDATA_16_UNION)]^C^C_union
ID_Subtract [_Button("Subtract", RCDATA_16_SUBTRA,
RCDATA_16_SUBTRA)]^C^C_subtract
ID_Intersect [_Button("Intersect", RCDATA_16_INTERS,
RCDATA_16_INTERS)]^C^C_intersect
|
|
**TB_STANDARD
ID_TbStandar [_Toolbar("Standard Toolbar", _Top, _Show, 0, 0, 1)]
ID_QNew [_Button("New", RCDATA_16_NEW, RCDATA_16_NEW)]^C^C_new
ID_Open [_Button("Open", RCDATA_16_OPEN, RCDATA_16_OPEN)]^C^C_open
ID_Save [_Button("Save", RCDATA_16_SAVE, RCDATA_16_SAVE)]^C^C_qsave
|
|
**TB_SURFACES
ID_TbSurface [_Toolbar("Surfaces", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 290, 1)]
ID_Solid
[_Button("2D Solid", RCDATA_16_SOLID, RCDATA_16_SOLID)]^C^C_solid
ID_3dface [_Button("3D Face", RCDATA_16_3DFACE,
RCDATA_16_3DFACE)]^C^C_3dface
|
|
**TB_TEXT
ID_TbText [_Toolbar("Text", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 320, 1)]
ID_Mtext [_Button("Multiline Text", RCDATA_16_MTEXT,
RCDATA_16_MTEXT)]^C^C_mtext
ID_Dtext [_Button("Single Line Text", RCDATA_16_SINGLE_DTEXT,
RCDATA_16_SINGLE_DTEXT]^C^C_dtext
ID_Ddedit [_Button("Edit Text", RCDATA_16_TEXEDI,
RCDATA_16_TEXEDI)]^C^C_ddedit
|
|
**TB_UCS
ID_TbUcs [_Toolbar("UCS", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 310, 1)]
ID_Ucs
[_Button("UCS", RCDATA_16_UCS, RCDATA_16_UCS)]^C^C_ucs
ID_Dducs [_Button("Display UCS Dialog", RCDATA_16_DDUCS,
RCDATA_16_DDUCS)]^C^C_+ucsman 0
|
|
**TB_UCSII
ID_TbUcsName [_Toolbar("UCS II", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 300, 1)]

AutoCAD
ID_Dducs [_Button("Display UCS Dialog",RCDATA_16_DDUCS,
RCDATA_16_DDUCS)]^C^C_+ucsman 0
ID_UcsMove [_Button("Move UCS Origin", RCDATA_16_UCSMOVE,
RCDATA_16_UCSMOVE)]^C^C_ucs _move
[--]
ID_UcsCombo [_Control(_UCSManager)]
**TB_VIEWPOINT
ID_TbViewpoi [_Toolbar("View", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 330, 1)]
ID_Ddview [_Button("Named Views", RCDATA_16_DDVIEW,
RCDATA_16_DDVIEW)]^C^C_view
[--]
ID_VpointTop [_Button("Top View", RCDATA_16_VIETOP,
RCDATA_16_VIETOP)]^C^C_-view _top
ID_VpointBot [_Button("Bottom View", RCDATA_16_VIEBOT,
RCDATA_16_VIEBOT)]^C^C_-view _bottom
|
|
**TB_VIEWPORTS
ID_TbVpCreat [_Toolbar("Viewports", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 350, 1)]
ID_VpDialog [_Button("Display Viewports Dialog", RCDATA_16_VPDLG,
RCDATA_16_VPDLG)]^C^C_vports
ID_VpSingle [_Button("Single Viewport", RCDATA_16_VPONE,
RCDATA_16_VPONE)]$M=$(if,$(eq,$(getvar,tilemode),1),
^C^C_-vports _si,^C^C_-vports)
|
|
**TB_WEB
ID_TbWeb
[_Toolbar("Web", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 380, 1)]
ID_HlnkBack [_Button("Go Back", RCDATA_16_HLNK_BACK,
RCDATA_16_HLNK_BACK)]'_hyperlinkBack
ID_HlnkFwd [_Button("Go Forward", RCDATA_16_HLNK_FWD,
RCDATA_16_HLNK_FWD)]'_hyperlinkFwd
ID_HlnkStop [_Button("Stop Navigation", RCDATA_16_HLNK_STOP,
RCDATA_16_HLNK_STOP)]'_hyperlinkStop
ID_Browser [_Button("Browse the Web", RCDATA_16_WEB,
RCDATA_16_WEB)]^C^C_browser ;
**TB_ZOOM
ID_TbZoom
[_Toolbar("Zoom", _Floating, _Hide, 100, 350, 1)]
ID_ZoomWindo [_Button("Zoom Window", RCDATA_16_ZOOWIN,
RCDATA_16_ZOOWIN)]'_zoom _w
ID_ZoomDynam [_Button("Zoom Dynamic", RCDATA_16_ZOODYN,
RCDATA_16_ZOODYN)]'_zoom _d
ID_ZoomScale [_Button("Zoom Scale", RCDATA_16_ZOOSCA,
RCDATA_16_ZOOSCA)]'_zoom _s
|
|
***image
**image_3DObjects
[3D Objects]

325

326

10

[acad(Box3d,Box3d)]^C^C_ai_box
[acad(Pyramid,Pyramid)]^C^C_ai_pyramid
[acad(Wedge,Wedge)]^C^C_ai_wedge
|
|
**image_poly
[Set Spline Fit Variables]
[acad(pm-quad,Quadric Fit Mesh)]'_surftype 5
[acad(pm-cubic,Cubic Fit Mesh)]'_surftype 6
[acad(pm-bezr,Bezier Fit Mesh)]'_surftype 8
[acad(pl-quad,Quadric Fit Pline)]'_splinetype 5
[acad(pl-cubic,Cubic Fit Pline)]'_splinetype 6
**image_vporti
[Tiled Viewport Layout]
[acad(vport-1,Single)]^C^C(ai_tiledvp 1 nil)
[acad(vport-3v,Three: Vertical)]^C^C(ai_tiledvp 3 "_V")
[acad(vport-3h,Three: Horizontal)]^C^C(ai_tiledvp 3 "_H")
[acad(vport-4,Four: Equal)]^C^C(ai_tiledvp 4 nil)
|
|
***SCREEN
**S
[AutoCAD ]^C^C^P(ai_rootmenus) ^P
[* * * * ]$S=ACAD.OSNAP
[FILE
]$S=ACAD.01_FILE
[EDIT
]$S=ACAD.02_EDIT
[VIEW 1 ]$S=ACAD.03_VIEW1
[VIEW 2 ]$S=ACAD.04_VIEW2
[INSERT ]$S=ACAD.05_INSERT
[FORMAT ]$S=ACAD.06_FORMAT
[TOOLS 1 ]$S=ACAD.07_TOOLS1
[TOOLS 2 ]$S=ACAD.08_TOOLS2
[DRAW 1 ]$S=ACAD.09_DRAW1
[DRAW 2 ]$S=ACAD.10_DRAW2
[DIMNSION]$S=ACAD.11_DIMENSION
[MODIFY1 ]$S=ACAD.12_MODIFY1
[MODIFY2 ]$S=ACAD.13_MODIFY2
|
|
// SNAP_TO ,
//
// .
// , .
**SNAP_TO 28
[Endpoint]_endp
[Midpoint]_mid
[Intersec]_int
[App Int ]_appint

AutoCAD
|
|
**ASSIST 3
[Last
]_l
[Previous]_p
[All
]_all
[Cpolygon]_cp
[Wpolygon]_wp
|
|
**01_FILE 3
[New
]^C^C_new
[Open
]^C^C_open
[Qsave ]^C^C_qsave
[Saveas ]^C^C_saveas
|
|
**02_EDIT 3
[Undo
]^C^C_u
[Redo
]^C^C_redo
[Cut
]^C^C_cutclip
[Copy
]^C^C_copyclip
[CopyBase]^C^C_copybase
[CopyLink ]^C^C_copylink
[Paste
]^C^C_pasteclip
[PasteBlk]^C^C_pasteblock
[PasteOri]^C^C_pasteorig
[PasteSpe ]^C^C_pastespec
[OLElinks]^C^C_olelinks
|
|
**03_VIEW1 3
[Redraw ]'_redraw
[Redrawal]'_redrawall
[Regen ]^C^C_regen
[Regenall]^C^C_regenall
[Zoom
]'_zoom
[Pan
]'_pan
[Dsviewer]'_dsviewer
[Tilemode]^C^C_tilemode
[Mspace ]^C^C_mspace
[Pspace ]^C^C_pspace
|
|
**04_VIEW2 3
[Hide
]^C^C_hide
[Shade ]^C^C_shademode
[Render ]^C^C_render
[Scene ]^C^C_scene
[Light ]^C^C_light

327

328

10

[Mapping ]^C^C_setuv
[Backgrnd]^C^C_background
[Fog
]^C^C_fog
|
|
**05_INSERT 3
[Ddinsert]^C^C_insert
[Xref
]^C^C_xref
[Image ]^C^C_image
|
|
**06_FORMAT 3
[Layer ]'_layer
[Color ]'_color
[Linetype]'_linetype
[Style ]'_style
[Ddim
]'_dimstyle
[Ddptype ]'_ddptype
[Mlstyle ]^C^C_mlstyle
[Units ]'_units
[Thicknes]'_thickness
[Limits ]'_limits
[Rename ]^C^C_rename
|
|
**ENDSCREEN
|
|
***TABLET1
**TABLET1STD
[A-1]\
[A-2]\
[A-3]\
[A-4]\
[A-5]\
[A-6]\
[A-7]\
[A-8]\
[A-9]\
[A-10]\
|
|
***TABLET2
**TABLET2STD
^C^C_regen
'_zoom _e
'_zoom _a
'_zoom _w

AutoCAD

329

'_zoom _p
[Draw]\
|
|
***TABLET3
**TABLET3STD
|
|
|
<<135
<<135
<<90
<<90
<<45
<<45
|
|
***TABLET4
**TABLET4STD
|
|
***HELPSTRINGS
ID_2doptim
[
: SHADEMODE 2]
ID_3darray
[ : 3DARRAY]
ID_3dclip
[ 3DORBIT Adjust Clipping Planes
( ): 3DCLIP]
ID_3dclipbk [
: DVIEW]
ID_3dclipfr [
: DVIEW]
ID_3dcorbit [ 3DORBIT :
3DCORBIT]
ID_3ddistanc [ 3DORBIT ,
: 3DDISTANCE]
ID_3dface
[ : 3DFACE]
|
|
***ACCELERATORS
// Insert Hyperlink ( )
ID_Hyperlink [TOOLBAR+CONTROL+"K"]
//
[CONTROL+"L"]^O
//
[CONTROL+"R"]^V
ID_SelAll
[CONTROL+"A"]
ID_Copyclip [TOOLBAR+CONTROL+"C"]
ID_New
[TOOLBAR+CONTROL+"N"]
ID_Open
[TOOLBAR+CONTROL+"O"]
ID_Print
[TOOLBAR+CONTROL+"P"]

330

10

ID_Save
[TOOLBAR+CONTROL+"S"]
ID_Pasteclip [TOOLBAR+CONTROL+"V"]
ID_Cutclip [TOOLBAR+CONTROL+"X"]
ID_Redo
[CONTROL+"Y"]
ID_U
[CONTROL+"Z"]
ID_Modify
[CONTROL+"1"]
ID_Content [TOOLBAR+CONTROL+"2"]
ID_dbConnect [CONTROL+"6"]
ID_VBARun
[ALT+"F8"]
ID_VBAIDE
[ALT+"F11"]


, , ,
, , . ,
, SCREENBOXES. , ,
, 21. 21 , , ,
. , 1 255. ,
TABLET1, 255, , , .
, ,
,
. AutoCAD
. .


(**),
. ,
. ,
. :
**

** (**), ;
.

31 .
, ,
($), (-) (_).
.
.

AutoCAD

331


.
, , ($), . ,
S , B , I . Pn,
n . ,
Tn, n
. (=),
, .
(**). :
$=

$ ;
() ;
= ;
.

$S=BLOCK

S ;
BLOCK .


, , :
$S=(1) $S=(2)

1 2 .

$S=X $S=INSERT

S , ;
X , ;
INSERT , .
($S=X) X, , , .
21 ,
. ($S=INSERT)
INSERT, .

332

10


, :
$P(n)=() $P(n)=*

n 1 10 (POP1POP10);
,
.

$P1=P1A $P1=*

$P1=P1A , P1A;
$P1=* , .
($P1=P1A) P1A,
1. ($P1=*),
AutoCAD, .


:
$I=() $I=*

, .

$I=IMAGE1 $I=*

$I=IMAGE1 , IMAGE1;
$I=* , .
. ($I=IMAGE1) IMAGE1,
. ($I=*)
.

1
: TABLET1, TABLET2, TABLET3
TABLET4 (. 10.2). 1 25 ,
( 1 25), 9 , A I. , 1, 255 (259=255).
AutoCAD,
.

AutoCAD

333

. 10.2. AutoCAD

. 10.3 1 AutoCAD.
, - , , ,
.
. . 10.3 , 25 9 .
, , .

- ,
. acad.mnu,
.

1
, . 10.4, TABLET1 custom.mnu.
B10B25 . 1.0 , 0.
- ,
, . , WBlock B10 ,
10 22. , WBlock B17 25. WBlock
1 :

334

10

B10
B11
B12
B13
B14
B15
B16
B17
B18
B19
B20
B21
B22
B23
B24
B25

B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
D
D
D
D
E
E
E
E

22
23
24
25
22
23
24
25
22
23
24
25
22
23
24
25

B-22
B-23
B-24
B-25
C-22
C-23
C-24
C-25
D-22
D-23
D-24
D-25
E-22
E-23
E-24
E-25

. 10.3. 1, 25 9

AutoCAD

335

. 10.4. , 1


. custom.mnu, ,
***TABLET. , ,
. , [A-1] , 1 , .
[A-1]

A ;
1 .
WBlock 10
B-22. B-22 INSERT ()
. TABLET1
:
***TABLET1
**TABLET1STD
[A-1]
[A-2]
[A-3]
[A-4]
[A-5]
[A-6]
[A-7]
[A-8]
[A-9]
[A-10]

336

10

[A-11]
[A-12]
[A-13]
[A-14]
[A-15]
[A-16]
[A-17]
[A-18]
[A-19]
[A-20]
[A-21]
[A-22]
[A-23]
[A-24]
[A-25]
[B-1]
[B-2]
[B-3]
[B-4]
[B-5]
[B-6]
[B-7]
[B-8]
[B-9]
[B-10]
|
|
[B-22]^C^CINSERT;B10;\1.0;1.0;0
[B-23]^C^CINSERT;B11;\1.0;1.0;0
[B-24]^C^CINSERT;B12;\1.0;1.0;0
[B-25]^C^CINSERT;B13;\1.0;1.0;0
[C-1]
|
|
[C-21]
[C-22]^C^CINSERT;B14;\1.0;1.0;0
[C-23]^C^CINSERT;B15;\1.0;1.0;0
[C-24]^C^CINSERT;B16;\1.0;1.0;0
[C-25]^C^CINSERT;B17;\1.0;1.0;0
[D-1]
|
|
[D-20]
[D-21]
[D-22]^C^CINSERT;B18;\1.0;1.0;0
[D-23]^C^CINSERT;B19;\1.0;1.0;0
[D-24]^C^CINSERT;B20;\1.0;1.0;0
[D-25]^C^CINSERT;B21;\1.0;1.0;0
|
|
[E-21]
[E-22]^C^CINSERT;B22;\1.0;1.0;0
[E-23]^C^CINSERT;B23;\1.0;1.0;0
[E-24]^C^CINSERT;B24;\1.0;1.0;0
[E-25]^C^CINSERT;B25;\1.0;1.0;0

AutoCAD

337

custom.mnu, MENU :
Command: MENU
Enter menu file name or [.(for none)] < >: CUSTOM
,
. X Y, .

^C^CINSERT;B22;\1.0;1.0;0

B22 Wblock;
\ , ;
1.0 X;
; , ENTER;
1.0 Y;
; , ENTER;
0 .


, TABLET1STD , . , , AutoCAD, 225.
32 766 . ,
TABLET1STD, 225, , , .
, , , . , AutoCAD
,
. :
$=

$ ;
() ;
= ;
.

$T1=TAB1

$T1 TABLET1;
TAB1 .

338

10

2
custom.mnu, , . 10.5.
, . , AutoCAD
.
, ,
1. ,
, , . custom.mnu,
TABLET1, : TABA TABB. custom.mnu
TABA, . Load TABB
TABB, , .
TABA, Load TABA.

. 10.5. , 1

TABLET1.
***TABLET1
**TABLET1STD
**TABA
[A-1]
[A-2]
[A-3]
[A-4]

AutoCAD
[A-5]
[A-6]
[A-7]
|
|
[B-18]
[B-19]
[B-20]
[B-21]
[B-22]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[B-23]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[B-24]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[B-25]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[C-1]
|
|
[C-21]
[C-22]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[C-23]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[C-24]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[C-25]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[D-1]
|
|
[D-20]
[D-21]
[D-22]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[D-23]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[D-24]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[D-25]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[E-1]
|
|
[E-21]
[E-22]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[E-23]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[E-24]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[E-25]^C^C$S=X $S=INSBLK
[F-1]
|
|
[H-19]
[H-20]
[H-21]
[H-22]^C^C$T1=TABA
[H-23]^C^C$T1=TABA
[H-24]^C^C$T1=TABA
[H-25]^C^C$T1=TABA
**TABB
[A-1]
[A-2]

INSERT;B10;\1.0;1.0;0
INSERT;B11;\1.0;1.0;0
INSERT;B12;\1.0;1.0;0
INSERT;B13;\1.0;1.0;0

INSERT;B14;\1.0;1.0;0
INSERT;B15;\1.0;1.0;0
INSERT;B16;\1.0;1.0;0
INSERT;B17;\1.0;1.0;0

INSERT;B18;\1.0;1.0;0
INSERT;B19;\1.0;1.0;0
INSERT;B20;\1.0;1.0;0
INSERT;B21;\1.0;1.0;0

INSERT;B22;\1.0;1.0;0
INSERT;B23;\1.0;1.0;0
INSERT;B24;\1.0;1.0;0
INSERT;B25;\1.0;1.0;0

339

340

10

[A-3]
[A-4]
[A-5]
[A-6]
[A-7]
[A-8]
|
|
[B-18]
[B-19]
[B-20]
[B-21]
[B-22]^C^CLAYER;SET;OBJECT;;
[B-23]^C^CLAYER;SET;OBJECT;;
[B-24]^C^CLAYER;SET;OBJECT;;
[B-25]^C^CLAYER;SET;OBJECT;;
[C-1]
|
|
[C-21]
[C-22]^C^CLAYER;SET;CENTER;;
[C-23]^C^CLAYER;SET;CENTER;;
[C-24]^C^CLAYER;SET;CENTER;;
[C-25]^C^CLAYER;SET;CENTER;;
[D-1]
|
|
[D-20]
[D-21]
[D-22]^C^CLAYER;SET;HIDDEN;;
[D-23]^C^CLAYER;SET;HIDDEN;;
[D-24]^C^CLAYER;SET;HIDDEN;;
[D-25]^C^CLAYER;SET;HIDDEN;;
[E-1]
|
|
[E-21]
[E-22]^C^CLAYER;SET;DIM;;
[E-23]^C^CLAYER;SET;DIM;;
[E-24]^C^CLAYER;SET;DIM;;
[E-25]^C^CLAYER;SET;DIM;;
[F-1]
|
|
[H-19]
[H-20]
[H-21]
[H-22]^C^C$T1=TABB
[H-23]^C^C$T1=TABB
[H-24]^C^C$T1=TABB
[H-25]^C^C$T1=TABB

AutoCAD

341

TABB 1 .
, H-22, H-23, H-24 H-25, TABA TABB .

^C^C$T1=TABA

^C^C , ;
$T1=TABA , TABA.

2
2 11 9 . . 10.6, 1 11, J R.
, 2, 99 (119=99). ,
, . ,
, TABLET2 . ,
, .
, TABLET2 ,
. ,
. ,
.

1 ()
2, . 10.6.
LINE
PLINE
ARC,CSE
ARC, SCE
ARC,CSA
CIRCLE-C,R
CIRCLE-C,D
CIRCLE-2P

3
3 9 13 . . 10.7 1 9, 1 13. 117
(139=117). , ,
. , ,
.
, . ,
TABLET3 , . , . custom.mnu,
TABLET3, .

342

10

. 10.6. , 2

3

TABLET3 custom.mnu.
3 . 10.7.

30
120
210
330

custom.mnu TABLET3,
- . , ,
.
custom.mnu
TABLET3.
***TABLET3
;
<<30
<<30
<<135
<<135
<<90

. 10.7. ,
3

AutoCAD
<<90
<<45
<<45
;
<<120
<<120
<<180
<<180
<\
<\
<<0
<<0
;
<<210
<<210
<<225
<<225
<<270
<<270
<<315
<<315
;
<<330
<<330
^H
^H
^H
^H
^H
^H
;
;
;
m\
m\
cm\
cm\
mm\
mm\
;
;
;
.\
+\
+\
%%d\
%%d\
;
;
;
,\
,\
%%p\
%%p\
%%c\
%%c\

343

344

10

4
4 25 7 . . 10.8, 1 25, S Y.
175 (725=175). , 4 , .
, TABLET4 ,
.
.

2 ()
TABLET4 custom.mnu.
4 . 10.8.
1. trana.lsp tranb.lsp, AutoLISP. (, trana.lsp tranb.lsp .)
2. SCR1 SCR2.

. 10.8. , 4

^C^C(LOAD "TRANA");TRANA
LOAD TRANA
AutoLISP. TRANA, ,
TRANA. , .
12.

LOAD "TRANA" TRANA;


TRANA AutoLISP.
^C^CSCRIPT;SCR1
SCR1 , SCRIPT AutoCAD,
.

SCRIPT AutoCAD;
SCR1 .

AutoCAD

345


acad.mnu , .
.
, AutoCAD.
***BUTTONS1
$M=$(if,$(eq,$(substr,$(getvar,cmdnames),1,5),GRIP_),$P0=ACAD.GRIPS
$P0=*);
$P0=SNAP $P0=*
^C^C
^B
^O
^G
^D
^E
^T
***BUTTONS2
$P0=SNAP $P0=*
***AUX1
$M=$(if,$(eq,$(substr,$(getvar,cmdnames),1,5),GRIP_),$P0=ACAD.GRIPS
$P0=*);
$P0=SNAP $P0=*
^C^C
^B
^O
^G
^D
^E
^T
***AUX2
$P0=SNAP $P0=*

,
BUTTONS custom.mnu.


***BUTTONS
$P0=*
^C^C
^B
^O
^G
^D
^E
^T


,
,
/ (<Ctrl+B>)
/ (<Ctrl+O>)
/ (<Ctrl+G>)
/ (<Ctrl+D>)
(<Ctrl+E>)
/ (<Ctrl+T>)

346

10

, , , , - . 4- 10- .
- .
- AutoCAD.
BUTTONS, custom.mnu ( custom.mnu acad.mnu).

4
BUTTONS custom.mnu,
- (. 10.9).

. 10.9. , -
1. PICK
2. ENTER

3. ZOOM Win
4. ZOOM Prev

ZOOM Window, 3, , ( ) ,
. .
- , , .
custom.mnu .
- , ***BUTTONS.
custom.mnu, :
***BUTTONS1
;
'ZOOM;WIN;\@2,2
'ZOOM;PRE
^B

1
2
3
4
5

347

AutoCAD
^O
^G
^D
^E
^T

6
7
8
9
10

1
***BUTTONS1

, , BUTTONS1.

2
;

(;) ENTER ,
<Enter> .

3
'ZOOM;WIN;\@2,2

,
. 10.10.
. () 2.0 ( X) 2.0 ( Y) .

' , ZOOM ;
\ , ;
2,2 .
, ,
, - . AutoCAD , .
('), , ZOOM Window
.

. 10.10.

348

10

4
'ZOOM;PRE

, , ZOOM ()
Previous (). ('), ZOOM, .

, ( ***BUTTONS1),
, - .
, . ,
.

5
,
custom.mnu AutoCAD. - (. 10.11), 1
. 1,00 ,
0. ( custom.mnu acad.mnu.)
1.
4. OSNAPS
7. INSERT B3
10. ZOOM Previous

2. ENTER
5. INSERT B1
8. ZOOM Window

3. CANCEL
6. INSERT B2
9. ZOOM All

B1, B2 B3 .
, POP0 .
ZOOM Previous ZOOM Window ZOOM.

custom.mnu:
***BUTTONS
;
^C^C
$P0=*
^C^CINSERT;B1;\1.0;1.0;0
^C^CINSERT;B2;\1.0;1.0;0
^C^CINSERT;B3;\1.0;1.0;0
'ZOOM;Win
^C^CZOOM;All
'ZOOM;Prev
***AUX1
;
^C^C
$P0=*
^C^CINSERT;B1;\1.0;1.0;0
^C^CINSERT;B2;\1.0;1.0;0
^C^CINSERT;B3;\1.0;1.0;0
'ZOOM;Win
^C^CZOOM;All
'ZOOM;Prev

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

AutoCAD

349

. 10.11. , 10-
-

3
^C^C

, 3.
.

4
$P0=*

$P0=*, , , .
AutoCAD . , ,
acad.mnu POP0. , ,
- .
$S=X $S=OSNAPS

$S=X , X, ;
$S=OSNAPS1 , OSNAPS1,
.

5
^C^CINSERT;B1;\1.0;1.0;0

^C^C, , . INSERT AutoCAD, Block


Wblock. 1 , (\) ,
. . 1.0

350

10

X, 1.0 Y. 0, , .

INSERT AutoCAD;
B1 ;
\ , ;
1.0 X;
1.0 Y;
; , ENTER;
0 .

9
^C^CZOOM;All

,
- . ZOOM () All ().

ZOOM AutoCAD;
; , ENTER;
All All ZOOM.

10
'ZOOM;Prev

, , ZOOM
() Previous (). - .

' , ZOOM ;
ZOOM AutoCAD;
; , ENTER;
Prev Previous ZOOM.

11
***AUX1

AUX1 .
, 1220.




AutoCAD (acad.mnu) AutoCAD. acad.mnu

AutoCAD

351

,
AutoCAD. 499 ,
1, 2, 3 ..
AutoCAD 0, 500999. $P0=*.


AutoCAD , , . AutoCAD ,
.
, -> , <- . , , .

--

, ,
.
: [--]

.
.
: [Triang:]^C^Cline;1,1;+
3,1;2,2;

->


.
: [->Draw]

<-


. <- .
: [<-CIRCLE 3P]^C^CCIRCLE;3P

<-<-...

, .
.
: [<-<-Center Mark]^C^C_dim;_center

$(


DIESEL. .
: $(if,$(getvar,orthomode),Ortho)

, , ;
.
: [~Application not available]

, Windows. , , 80 . , 16 , 5 .
, , 80 ,
AutoCAD ,
. , .

352

10

1. ***POP1***POP16.
.
2. ,
, .
3. 999 .
, . , 999, .
4. , ,
. , ,
. , 35 , , , .
5. , AutoCAD , , .

6
4,
NEW-INSERT (. 10.12). NEW-INSERT
4, , .
INSERT-BLOCKS

DOOR1
DOOR2
-------WINDOW1
WINDOW2

WBLOCKS SYMBOLS D.
,
X Y, 1,25, 0 .
acad.mnu. ,
- (, custom.mnu),
.

, custom.mnu
INSERT, ***POP4. ,
INSERT-BLOCK, . 10.12.

AutoCAD

353

. 10.12. POP4

custom.mnu POP4 :
***POP1
**FILE
ID_MnFile [&File]
ID_New [&New...\tCtrl+N]^C^C_new
ID_Open [&Open...\tCtrl+O]^C^C_open
ID_FILE_CLOSE [&Close]
ID_PartialOp [$(if,$(eq,$(getvar,fullopen),0),,~)Pa&rtial Load]
^C^C_partialload
ID_Save [&Save\tCtrl+S]^C^C_qsave
ID_Saveas [Save &As...]^C^C_saveas
ID_Export [&Export...]^C^C_export
ID_PlotSetup [Pa&ge Setup...]^C^C_pagesetup
|
|
***POP2
**EDIT
ID_MnEdit [&Edit]
ID_U [&Undo\tCtrl+Z]^C^C_u
ID_Redo [&Redo\tCtrl+Y]^C^C_redo
ID_Cutclip [Cu&t\tCtrl+X]^C^C_cutclip
ID_Copyclip [&Copy\tCtrl+C]^C^C_copyclip
ID_Copybase [Copy with &Base Point]^C^C_copybase
ID_Copylink [Copy &Link]^C^C_copylink
|
|
***POP3
**VIEW
ID_MnView [&View]
ID_Redrawall [&Redraw]'_redrawall
ID_Regen [Re&gen]^C^C_regen
ID_Regenall [Regen &All]^C^C_regenall

354

10

ID_MnZoom [->&Zoom]
ID_ZoomRealt [&Realtime]'_zoom
ID_ZoomPrevi [&Previous]'_zoom_p
ID_ZoomWindo [&Window]'_zoom_w
ID_ZoomDynam [&Dynamic]'_zoom_d
ID_ZoomScale [&Scale]'_zoom_s
ID_ZoomCente [&Center]'_zoom_c
|
|
***POP4
**INSERT
ID_MnInsert [&Insert]
ID_Ddinsert [&Block...]^C^C_insert
ID_Xattach [E&xternal Reference...]^C^C_xattach
ID_Imageatta [Raster &Image...]^C^C_imageattach
|
[->Insert-Blocks]
[Door1]^C^C_insert;d:/symbols/door1;\1.25;1.25;0
[Door2]^C^C_insert;d:/symbols/door2;\1.25;1.25;0
[--]
[Window1]^C^C_insert;d:/symbols/window1;\1.25;1.25;0
[<-Window2]^C^C_insert;d:/symbols/window2;\1.25;1.25;0

[DOOR1]^C^CINSERT;D:/SYMBOLS/DOOR1;\1.25;1.25;0
, (\) (/). DOOR1, D
SYMBOLS,
D:\SYMBOLS\DOOR1.
D:/SYMBOLS/DOOR1 ( ).
[->Insert-Blocks]
->, , .
3, AutoCAD
.
[<-Window1]^C^C_insert;d:/symbols/window1;\1.25;1.25;0
<-, , .


, 499 ( 999).
***POP0 ***POP500***POP999.
. .
, , . .

AutoCAD

355

1. ***POP0
***POP500***POP999. , ,
.
2. . ,
.
3. 0 $P0=*.
POP500POP999
. ,
AutoCAD, GRIPS, CMDEFAULT, CMEDIT CMCOMMAND. ,
POP500, , ***GRIPS POP500. (
GRIPS 1, -

( ).
, , , . AutoLISP ADS.
4. 499 ;
, . , , .
5. , ,
.
, , . ,
21 , , , .


,
. , ,
, 21. ,
, . , ,
,
. AutoCAD
.


AutoCAD, , .
,
. ,
, . ,
AutoCAD , . ,
.

356

10

$=

$ ;
() ;
= ;
.

$P1=P1A

$P1 ;
P1A .



.
AutoLISP . ,

AutoCAD.
, , , .
. 10.13.
,
, .
, . ,
. , ,
.
. , .
,
, .
, AutoCAD , .
,
, - . .

, , .
, <Esc>, Cancel ()
- , .

AutoCAD

357

, .
. ***IMAGE,
.
(***IMAGE),
.
***IMAGE

*** , ;
IMAGE .


, , , 20 .
, ,
, Next Previous,
. ,
. .
$=

$ ;
() ;
= ;
.

$I=IMAGE1

$I ;
IMAGE1 .


, , . , ,
. , .
17 . , , .
, ,
. , .

358

10

[slidename]. , ,
, .
, .
[slidename, label]. slidename ,
. ,
, (label). ,
[BOLT1,1/2-24UNC-3LG]. BOLT1 , -24UNC-3LG ,
.
[slidelib(slidename)]. slidename , slidelib. ( )
, (slidename) .
[slidelib(slidename,label)]. slidename
, (slidelib).
, (slidename) .
[blank]. ,
. (.. ).
[ label]. , AutoCAD
,
. , [ EXIT]^C, EXIT.
(^C), .
.

7
,
(. 10.14). POP12.

. 10.14. ,

AutoCAD

359

, ,
, .
acad.mnu. acad.mnu, (, custom.mnu), .

, custom.mnu
***IMAGE. , , acad.mnu, POP12 .
POP12, ***IMAGE. , ***IMAGE INSTBLK.
custom.mnu,
.
***POP12
[BLOCKS]
[INSERT]^C^C$I=INSTBLK $I=*
***IMAGE
**INSTBLK
[INSERT CUSTOMIZED BLOCKS]
[BL1]^C^CINSERT;BL1;\1.0;1.0;0
[BL2]^C^CINSERT;BL2;\1.0;1.0;0
[BL3]^C^CINSERT;BL3;\1.0;1.0;0
[BL4]^C^CINSERT;BL4;\1.0;1.0;0
[BL5]^C^CINSERT;BL5;\1.0;1.0;0
[BL6]^C^CINSERT;BL6;\1.0;1.0;0
[ EXIT]^C^C

[INSERT]^C^C$I=INSTBLK $I=*
$I=INSTBLK, ,
INSTBLK, . $I=*
, .

$I=INSTBLK , INSTBLK, ;
$I=* , .
***IMAGE
.
(***IMAGE) .
**INSTBLK
, INSTBLK.
[INSERT CUSTOMIZED BLOCKS]
, , ( ) .
[BL1]^C^CINSERT;BL1;\1.0;1.0;0
BL1, , , . ^C^C -

360

10
, INSERT BL1, 1,0 , 0 .

[BL1] ;
BL1 ;
\ , ;
1.0 X;
1.0 Y;
0 .


AutoCAD , . , ,
, .
, , .
.
, , , .


,
. , ,
, 21. ,
, . , ,
,
. AutoCAD
.
$=

$ ;
() ;
= ;
.

$S=EDIT

$S ;
EDIT .

AutoCAD

361


. - , . ,
, .
, , .
, :
$S=

$ ;
S ;
= .
. ,
(.. $S=), .

(acad.mnu), ,
MENU.
Command: MENU
Enter menu file name or [. (for none)] <SM1>: ACAD.MNU
- - , (\).
, .
(\) .
, , .
,
.
, , ,
. , , , 21,
, , .

8
AutoCAD, ,
. 10.15.

, INSTBLK
. acad.mnu. , custom.mnu,
.

362

10

. 10.15.

, custom.mnu
***SCREEN. **S,
**CUSTOM , . 10.14. custom.mnu, :
***IMAGE
**INSTBLK
[INSERT CUSTOMIZED BLOCKS]
[BL1]^C^CINSERT;BL1;\1.0;1.0;0
[BL2]^C^CINSERT;BL2;\1.0;1.0;0
[BL3]^C^CINSERT;BL3;\1.0;1.0;0
[BL4]^C^CINSERT;BL4;\1.0;1.0;0
[BL5]^C^CINSERT;BL5;\1.0;1.0;0
[BL6]^C^CINSERT;BL6;\1.0;1.0;0
[ EXIT]^C^C
|
|
**SCREEN
**S
[AutoCAD ]^C^C^P(ai_rootmenus)^P
[* * * * ]$S=ACAD.OSNAP
[FILE
]$S=ACAD.01_FILE
[EDIT
]$S=ACAD.02_EDIT
[VIEW 1 ]$S=ACAD.03_VIEW1
[VIEW 2 ]$S=ACAD.04_VIEW2
[INSERT ]$S=ACAD.05_INSERT
|
|
**ASSIST 3
[Last
]_l
[Previous]_p
[All
]_all

AutoCAD

363

[Cpolygon]_cp
[Wpolygon]_wp
|
|
[CUSTOM]^C^C$S=X $S=CUSTOM
**CUSTOM 3
[LISP-]
[ TRANA:]^C^C(LOAD "TRANA");TRANA
[ TRANB:]^C^C(LOAD "TRANB");TRANB
[ ]
[SCRIPT-]
[ SCR1:]^C^CSCRIPT;SCR1
[ SCR2:]^C^CSCRIPT;SCR2
[ ]
[IMAGE-BLK]^C^C$I=INSTBLK $S=*

[CUSTOM]^C^C$S=X $S=CUSTOM
$S=X, ,
. $S=CUSTOM CUSTOM,
custom.mnu.

$S=X , X;
$S=CUSTOM , CUSTOM.
**CUSTOM 3
CUSTOM . 3, ,
, , CUSTOM, . . ,
AutoCAD * * * * .

CUSTOM ;
3 , .
[IMAGE-BLK]^C^C$I=INSTBLK $S=*
$I=INSTBLK INSTBLK, . $S=*
.

$I=INSTBLK , INSTBLK;
$S=* , .

364

10


,
.
1. AutoCAD ________ .
2. 1 acad.mnu ________
________ .
3. , , ________ .
4. _________.
5. 2 acad.mnu ________
________ .
6. ,
________.
7. ________.
8. AutoCAD ________ .
9. 3 acad.mnu ________
________ .
10. 3 _________, , .
11. 4 acad.mnu ________
________ .


.
1. AutoCAD ________
.
2. ________ .
3. _________.
4. ________.
5. ,
_________.
6. ________ .
7. _________
.
8. AutoCAD
_________.
9. , AutoCAD
_________.
10.
, ________ .

AutoCAD

365

11. - _______
, .
12. , ,
, ________.
13. , , , ________.
14. , , , ________.
15. _____.

3 ()
TABLET1 acad.
mnu. . 10.16 1.
VIEW POINTS
0,0,1
1,-1,1

1,0,0
1,1,1

0,1,0
-1,1,1

. 10.16. , 1

4 ()
TABLET1 acad.
mnu. . 10.17 1.
INSERT NO
INSERT NC
INSERT COIL
INSERT RESIS

PLOT 1218
PLOT 1824
PLOT 2436
PRPLOT

SETLAYER OBJ
SETLAYER HID
SETLAYER CEN
SETLAYER DIM

366

10

. 10.17. , 1

5 ()
, AutoCAD (. 10.18).
BUTTONS2 acad.mnu. - 10 ; 1 . 1,0 , 0
. bme1.mnu.
1.
4. OSNAPS
7. NEAR
10. PAN

2. ENTER
5. END PT
8. ZOOM Window

3. CANCEL
6. CENTER
9. ZOOM Prev

. 10.18. ,

AutoCAD

367

6 ()
, . 10.19, 12
acad.mnu.

. 10.19. 12

7 ()
.
13. ,
.
SYMBOL-X
LOGO-1
TBLOCK-1

SYMBOL-Y
LOGO-2
TBLOCK-2

SYMBOL-Z
LOGO-3
TBLOCK-3


1 , 2 25 , 9 , 3 , 4 $P0=*, 5 11
, 9 , 6 , 7 , 8 ,
9 9 , 13 , 10 , 11 25 , 4 .

11


, :
;
,
;
;
;
.

370

11


AutoCAD
. ASCII
.shp. - , Notepad.
, . ,
, .
, .
, . ,
. , . , , EXPLODE (),
.


:
.

:
* , ,

:
*201, 21, HEXBOLT

*201 ;
21 , ;
HEXBOLT .
, (*).
1 255, . ,
, . , , , . , .
, , . ,
, .


. ,
. -

371

(, 012),
(.. ). (,). ,
, 2 000,
.
.
. .
80 . .


, , . 11.1. , , . ,
, . , 0
(.. ). 1 0. ,
. ,
0 1 26,565 (arctg 1/2 = arctg 0,5 = 26,565 ).
, 0 2 45 (arctg 2/2 = arctg 1 =
= 45 ).

. 11.1.

, ,
. , , ,
. , . , , .
15 .
.

372

11

1
, , . 11.2. RESIS.
sh1.shp.

. 11.2.

1:
- .
:
*201,8,RESIS
020,023,04D,043,04D,023,020,0

, .


*201,8,RESIS

*201 ;
8 , ;
RESIS .


020,023,04D,043,04D,023,020,0

0 ,
;
2 ;
0 .
, ,
. (0)
, , -

373

. , , (020), 2,
0. ,
(023) ,
(2) , (3)
.

2:
.shp. ,
COMPILE, .
Select Shape or Font File ( ),
. 11.3, COMPILE .
, . , :
Compilation successful
Output file name.shx contains nn bytes


name.shx nn

.shp
.shx. sh1.shp. , , 49. AutoCAD - , ,
, , .
,
FILEDIA 0.

. 11.3. Select Shape or Font File

374

11

3:
Select Shape File, LOAD
. , , Open
(. 11.4). FILEDIA 0,
LOAD :
Command: LOAD
Enter name of shape file to load or [?]: SH1

SH1 1. .SHX, AutoCAD


. , AutoCAD . SHAPE:
Command: SHAPE
Enter shape name (or ?) <default>:
Specify insertion point:
Specify height <1.0>:
Specify rotation angle <0.0>:

. 11.4. Select Shape File

RESIS.
, , (. 11.5).


, ,
. ,
, .
, .

375

. 11.5. RESIS,


, . .
000
001
002
003
004
005
006
007
008
009
00A 10


( )
( )



( )
( )
,
( )
X-Y ,
( )
X-Y, (0,0) (
)
,

376

11

00B 11
00C 12
00D 13
00E 14

,
, X-Y
, ( )

000:
.

001:
. , ,
. , , .

002:
. ,
, .
1

, , 1 2, 2 3, 3 4
. :
020,002,020,001,020,0

(020) 2 ,
0. (002) , (020) ( ) 2 .
(001) , (020)
2 , 0. .

2
, G, . 11.6.

. 11.6. G

377

1:
-
(, Notepad). CHRGEE; GEE. , , , .
*215,20,GEE
002,042,
001,014,016,028,01A,
04C,01E,020,012,014,
002,018,
001,020,01C,
002,01E,0

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

1
*215,20,GEE

(*) 215.
, ,
, 0, . GEE .

2
002,042,

(002) ( ),
4 , 2.

3
001,014,016,028,01,

001 ( ), 014
1 , 90 ( 4).
016 1 , 6. 028 2 ,
180 ( 8). 01
, .

4
04,01,020,012,014,

04 4 ,
. 01 ,
. 020 2 ,
0 ( 0). 012 , 2. , 014
, 4.

5
002,018,

002 ( ), 018 , 8.

378

11

6
001,020,01,

001 ( ), 020
2 , 0 (
0). 01 , .

7
002,01,0

002 ( ), 01
, . 0
.

.
. . ,
, ,
. , , ,
.

003:
, . , , :
003,2,020,002,002,020,001,020,0

(003) . , (2) , ,
. , , 2, .
:
, , .
, 003,
(020) 4 (22):
003,2,020,002,002,020,001,003,2,020,0

003,2 2;
003,2 2.
, , :

379

004:
,
, , 003. , , ( 1
255).
003,2,020,002,002,020,001,004,2,020,0

003,2 , , 2;
004,2 , , 2.
, 003,
2. , 0,5. (004)
, , 2. , ; , , 2, 2. ,
. , ,
:

005 006:
005 , 006
.

3
005 006.

1:
. 11.7, a , .
, , . 005, ,
006, . . ,
, ,
005 006.
, :
*210,10,POP1
005,005,005,012,006,014,006,016,006,0

005 ( );
012 ;
006 ;
014 ;
006 .

380

11

. 11.7: a) , ; )

( 005) ( 006). ( 005) ,


, AutoCAD , :
Position stack overflow in shape (shape number)

,
( )

, ( 006) , ( 005), :
Position stack underflow in shape (shape number)

,
( )

,
, .

2:
COMPILE
LOAD. SHAPE,
2.

. , ,
.
255 . , , .

007:
, .
007, . .
1 255.

381

*210,10,PO1
005,005,005,012,006,014,006,016,006,0
*211,8,SUB1
020,007,210,030,007,210,020,0

*210 ;
007 ;
210 .
, , . 11.7, .

008: X Y
, . ,
16 ,
15 . , . , 008
009 X Y. 008 :
008, XDISPLACEMENT, YDISPLACEMENT

008, (XDISPLACEMENT, YDISPLACEMENT)

X Y +127 128.
(+),
(). , , , . ,
.

009: X Y
008 X Y. , 009
. (0,0).
009 :
009, (XDISP, YDISPL), (XDISPL, YDISPL), ... ,(0,0)

00 10:
(360 ) ,
, , 45 . 45 , , ,
. 0 7, . 11.8.
:
10,(R,+/-0SN)

382

11

R ;
+/- ( (+) ,
() );
0 ;
S ;
N .

10,(3,-043)

(10) 00,
. (3) .
, .
(+) , . (0) , (4) ,
. ,
. 11.9. ,
:
*214,5,FOCT1
001,10,(3,-043),0

. 11.8.

. 11.9.

383

00 11:
00 11 . ,
. , , :
11,( , , ,
, +/-0S/N)

,
. . 255 ,
0. (+) () ,
, , . (S)
, , N , . .
= (
, ) 256 / 45
= ( ,
) 256 / 45

4
3 , , 20 ( ) 140 ( ).
.
.

1:
, 140 .
, 4, 135
(345=135).
:
= (140 135) 256 / 45 = 28,44 = 28
, 20 .
, 0,
0 .
:
= (20 0) 256 / 45 = 113,7 = 114
,
. ; , ( ).
, .
0.

384

11

3. 255, 0.
:
11,(114,28,0,3,004)

2:
- .
, . 11.10:
*221,8,FOCT2
001,11,(114,28,0,3,004),0

. 11.10.

3:
.shp.
, COMPILE LOAD.
SHAPE.

00 12: ,

00 , .
X Y 127 +127.
127 +127. , 127,
, . , .
= ((2 H)/D) 127,

H ;
D .
2H = D.
, = (D/D)127 = 127.
H = 0.
, = (0/D)127 = 0.

385

. 11.11,
4, 1. , :
( ) = (21/4)127 = 63,5 = 63
, . 11.11.
*213,5,BULGE1
12,(4,0,-63),0

4 X;
0 Y;
- , ;
63 .

00D 13: ,
00D ( 13) , ,
. (0,0). , , . 11.12:
*214,16,BULGE2
13,(4,0,-111),
(0,4,63),
(-4,0,-111),
(0,-4,63),(0,0),0

. 11.11.

. 11.12. ,

386

11

, ,
.
.

00 14:
00 14 ,
, .
, ,
14, .
,

,
.


. . 11.13. , G
, . 11.13. , , .
14,
.
. 11.13 ,
G. ,
14, . ,

.
*215,28,FLAG
002,14, ( 008,(-2,-6),
14, .)
008,(-2,-6),
042,001,
014,016,028,01A,
04C,01E,020,012,014,
002,018,
001,020,01C,
002,01E,
14, ( 008,(-4,-1),
14, .)
008,(-4,-1),
0

387

5
, , . 11.14. HAMMER;
hmr.shp. .
, .

1:
,
.
*204,34,HAMMER
003,22,
002,8,(2,-1),
001,024,
8,(-1,4),
00A,(1,004),
8,(-1,-4),06C,
00C,(4,0,63),
044,8,(17,-1),
00C,(0,4,63),
8,(-17,-1),0

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

. 11.14. ( )

1
*204,34,HAMMER

, (204), , (34), (HAMMER).

2
003,22,

003
(22). -

388

11

,
.

3
002,8,(2,-1),

002 ( ), ( 008) , 2 1
Y. , .

4
001,024,

001 ( ),
(024) , 2 4.

. 11.15. ,

5
8,(-1,4),

( 008) X Y, . X
1, Y 4.

6
00,(1,004),

00 ,
(1). 004 . (0)
, (4) .

7
8,(-1,-4),06

8 ( 008) , X, 1,
Y, 4. (06) 6 , .

389

8
00,(4,0,63),

(00) , X, 4,
Y, 0, 63.
= (2H)/D127 = (21)/4127 = 63,5 =
= 63 ( )

9
044,8,(17,-1),

(044) 4 ,
4. (8) ,
X, 17, Y, 1.

10
00,(0,4,63),

(00) , X, 4,
Y, 0, 63.
= (2H)/D127 = (21)/4127 = 63,5 =
= 63 ( )

11
8,(-17,-1),0

(8) , X,
17, Y, 1. 0 .

3:
.shp.
, COMPILE LOAD.
, SHAPE.


, AutoCAD .
,
, .
, , .
:
;
;
.


:
*0,4,_
_, _, , 0

390

11

*0 ;
4 ;
_ , ;
_ ;
_ ;
: 0 ; 2 ;
0 , .
, ,
:
*0,4,ucm
10,4,2,0

(0), , , .
. (4) , ucm
( , ).
. , .
, .
(10)
. , . 11.16,
10 .
(4) (.. , ). AutoCAD
. , ,
1 , , ,
10 . (2) . : 0 2.
, 0;
( ), 2.
(0) .


, ,
. AutoCAD 10, ASCII.
*10,5,lf
2,8,(0,-14),0

*10 ASCII, ;
5 , ;
lf ;

391

2 ( );
(0,-14) ;
0 , .
(10), ,
, .
(5) , .
(lf) .
(2) , . (8) (008), X Y. (0,-14) .
(.. ) ,
14 . (0) ,
.


, ,
ASCII, . , , 77.
*77,50,ucm

*77 ( ASCII M);


50 ;
ucm .
ASCII, ASCII , .
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55

#
$
%
&
,
(
)
*
+

.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79

8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O

80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103

P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_

a
b
c
d
e
f
g

104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126

h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~

392

11

6
,
. 11.16. . 1 ; .

. 11.16.

1:
, ,
, .
- .
*0,4,uppercase m
10,0,2,0
*10,13,lf
002,8,(0,-14),14,9,(0,14),(14,0),(0,0),0
*77,51,ucm
2,14,8,(-5,-10),
001,009,(0,10),(1,0),(4,-6),(4,6),(1,0),
(0,-10),(-1,0),(0,0),
003,2,
009,(0,17),(-7,-11),(-2,0),(-7,11),
(0,-17),(-2,0),(0,0),
002,8,(28,0),
004,2,
14,8,(-9,-4),0

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

1
*0,4,uppercase m

(0) , . (4) , . .

393

2
10,0,2,0

,
(0) ,
. (2)
( ).
, 0.
(0) , .

3
*10,13,lf

(10) , . (13)
, . (lf)
.

4
002,8,(0,-14),14,9,(0,14),(14,0),(0,0),0

(002 2) , ( ). (8,(0,-14))
X Y, 1 14. ,
14 .
, . ,
. . 14. , , , .
, .
(0,14) ,
14 . . 11.17 D1.

. 11.17.

394

11

(14,0) , 14
( D2 . 11.17). ((0,14),(14,0))
, 14 . (0,0)
009, (0) .

5
*77,51,ucm

(77) ASCII, M. (51)


, . (ucm)
, .

6
2,14,8,(-5,-10),

002, (2),
( ), 14 ( )
. . 11.16, . ,
,
. [8,(-5,-10)],
5 ( 10) 10
( 10).

7 8
001,009,(0,10),(1,0),(4,-6),(4,6),(1,0),
(0,-10),(-1,0),(0,0),

(001) ( ), .

9, 10, 11
003,2,
009,(0,17),(-7,-11),(-2,0),(-7,11),
(0,-17),(-2,0),(0,0),

, , 8,5 . ,
. ,
2 8,5 = 17 , 2.
8,5 . 003
2, . , , 2.

12
002,8,(28,0),

(002) , , 14 (28/2 = 14)

395

. , , ,
4 (14 10 = 4) .
.

13
004,2,

004 2, , 003,2 (.. 2).

14
14,8,(-9,-4),0

, .
8,(-9,-4), , X Y 9
4 , . 0 .

2:
ucm.shp. , COMPILE. . ,
Text Style, Text Style Format, . ,
.SHX, -STYLE . , , -STYLE. ,
MYUCM1 .
Command: -STYLE
Enter name of text style or [?] <Standard>: MYUCM1

:
Specify full font name or font filename (TTF or SHX) <txt>: ucm.shx
Specify height of text <0.0000>: 1
Specify width factor <1.0000>: <Enter>
Specify obliquing angle <0>: <Enter>
Display text backwards? [Yes/No] <N>: <Enter>
Display text upside-down? [Yes/No] <N>: <Enter>
Vertical? <N>: <Enter>

(TTF SHX) <txt>: ucm.shx


<0.0000>: 1
<1.0000>: <Enter>
<0>: <Enter>
? [/] <>: <Enter>
? [/] <>: <Enter>
? <>: <Enter>

MYUCM1.
(. 11.18), MYUCM1,
TEXT () .

396

11

. 11.18.

7
m,
. 11.19. ,
. 1 ;
.

. 11.19. m

1:
, 7.
, , ,
. - .
*0,4,lowercase m
14,3,2,0
*10,13,lf
002,8,(0,-18),14,9,(0,18),(27,0),(0,0),0

1
2
3
4

397


*109,57,lcm
2,14,8,(-11,-14),
005,005,001,020,084,
00A,(4,-044),
08C,020,084,
00A,(4,-0440),
08C,020,084,
00B,(0,62,0,6,004),
00B,(193,239,0,6,003),
006,9,(0,14),(2,0),(0,0),
003,5,07C,004,5,
006,2,8,(27,0),
14,8,(-16,-5),0

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

, , , .

7
005,005,001,020,084,

(005)
.
.

8
00A,(4,-044),

(00) , , . (4)
.
. (0)
. (4) ,
(4) , .

12
00B,(0,62,0,6,004),

(00) , . (0)
,
.

= 0;
= 0;
= (0 0)256/45 = 0;
= 146;
= 4;
= (146 135)256/45 = 62,57 = 62 ( ).

398

11

(62) ,
(0) . (6) . (0)
, (4) , .

13
00B,(193,239,0,6,003),

(00) , . .

= 34;
= 0;
= (34 0)256/45 = 193,4 = 193 ( );
= 132;
= 3;
= (132 90)256/45 = 238,9 = 139 ( ).

,
. , ,
.

14
006,9,(0,14),(2,0),(0,0),

(006)
, , 009.

2:
, , 6.
.

, (.shx)
. , ,
, .

399


,
.
1. , , ________
________.
2.
, ________. ,
. , ________
- .
3. 1 ________,
.
4. ________, .
5. ________, , .
6. , ,
________.
7. - , ______.
8. ________.
9. , , . , ,
________ . ________,
.
10. 001 ________, ________ .
11. , (003), , ________ .
12. 004 ,
. ________ ,
003.

400

11


.
1. , , ________.
2. ( 005) ______
( ________).
3. ,
,
________.
4. , . _________.
5. 16 ;
________ .
6. 00
________.
7. ________ , .
8. 127 ______.
9. 00 _________ , , .
10. _________,
, .
11.
. , ________.
12. , _________ , .
13. , ,
________, .
14. , ________
.
15. 45- , , ________.
16. 10, ASCII, AutoCAD
________.
17. , , ________.
18. SHAPE NAME , ________ .
19. ________, ________.

401

1 ()
,
. 11.20.

. 11.20.

2 ()
, . 11.21.

. 11.21.

402

11

3 ()
G,
. 11.22.

. 11.22. G

4 ()
W,
. 11.23. , .

. 11.23. W


1 , 2 , , 3 255, 4 , 5 0 (), 6 2000,
7 , 8 LOAD, 9 , , 10 , 002,
11 , 12 .

12

AutoLISP


, :
,
AutoLISP;
AutoLISP;
AutoLISP;
AutoLISP;
Load/Unload Applications;
- ;
.

404

12

AutoLISP
AutoLISP, Autodesk, Inc., LISP ( LISP
LISt Processor). ,
(John McCarthy), 1960 ,
The Communications of ACM.
, 1960-, . FORTRAN COBOL. LISP
(AI Artificial Intelligence). LISP Common LISP, BYSCO LISP, ExpertLISP GCLISP, IQLISP,
LISP/80, LISP/88, MuLISP, TLCLISP, UO-LISP, Waltz LISP XLISP. , XLISP
LISP, Common LISP
LISP, AutoLISP. AutoLISP
AutoCAD. , AutoCAD LT
AutoCAD 2.17 AutoLISP , AutoLISP AutoCAD
2.18 .
AutoCAD ,
. , , ,
. , AutoCAD , . ,
AutoLISP,
. AutoLISP
, , .
AutoLISP ,
. , SMLayout,
,
, , , . , ,
AutoLISP, .
,
AutoCAD , . , AutoLISP,
.
. , AutoLISP .
.
AutoLISP . , , AutoLISP
Programmers Reference Manual Autodesk. - -

AutoLISP

405

AutoLISP . AutoCAD, AutoLISP.


AutoLISP
.


. AutoLISP ,
. , , ,
. ,
, . ,
, AutoLISP.
, AutoLISP.

:
(+ 1 2 3 ...)

(+) ,
(+), .. (1 + 2 + 3 +...).
(). . , , . ,
. , ,
, , . (50,0) , .

Command: (+ 2 5)
Command: (+ 2 30 4 50)
Command: (+ 2 30 4 50,0)

7
86
86,0

:
(- 1 2 3 ...)

(-) (1 2).
, , (1 (2 + 3 +...)). 14 28, 14. , . 20
10,0, (30,0) 50.
20,0.

406

12

Command:
Command:
Command:
Command:
Command:

(((((-

28 14)
25 7 11)
50 20 10,0)
20 30)
20,0 30,0)

17
7
20,0
10
10,0

:
(* 1 2 3 ...)

(*) , (*),
.. (1 2 3 ...). , .
, .

Command:
Command:
Command:
Command:
Command:

(*
(*
(*
(*
(*

2 5)
2 5 3)
2 5 3 2,0)
2 -5,5)
2,0 -5,5 -2)

10
30
60,0
11
22,0

:
(/ 1 2 3 ...)

(/) (1/2). , [1/(2 3 ...)]. 200


5,0 4, .. [200/(5,0 4)].

Command:
Command:
Command:
Command:
Command:
Command:

(/
(/
(/
(/
(/
(*

30)
3 2)
3,0 2)
200,0 5,0 4)
200 -5)
-200 -5,0)

30
1
1,5
10,0
40
40,0




:
(1+ )

(1+) ( ) , 1. 1 10,5,
9,5.

AutoLISP

407

(1+ 20)
(1+ -10,5)

21
9,5


:
(1- )

(1-) 1 ( ) , 1. 1 10,5,
11,5.

(1- 10)
(1- -10,5)

9
11,5


:
(abs )

abs () ,
, . abs 20,
20 20.

(abs 20)
(abs -20)
(abs -20,5)

20
20
20,5


(sin)
:
(sin )

(sin) , .
(180 ) 0.

(sin 0)
(sin pi)
(sin 1,0472)

0
1,22461016
0,866027

(cos)
:
(cos )

(cos) , .
(180 ) 1,0.

408

12

(cos
(cos
(cos
(cos

0)
0,0)
pi)
1,0)

1,0
1,0
1,0
0,540302

(atan)
:
(atan 1)

atan 1 , . 1,0
0,785398 .

Command: (atan 0,5)


Command: (atan 1,0)
Command: (atan -1,0)

0,463648
0,785398
0,785398

atan .
:
(atan 1 2)

, (1/
2) , . (0,5) (1,0) atan
(0,5/1,0 = 0,5).

Command:
Command:
Command:
Command:
Command:

(atan
(atan
(atan
(atan
(atan

0,5 1,0)
2,0 3,0)
2,0 -3,0)
-2,0 3,0)
-2,0 -3,0)

Command: (atan 1,0 0,0)


Command: (atan -0,5 0,0)

0,463648
0,588003
2,55359
0,588003
2,55359
1,5708
1,5708

angtos
:
(angtos [ []])

angtos , , .
.

(angtos
(angtos
(angtos
(angtos

0,588003 0 4)
2,55359 0 4)
1,5708 0 4)
-1,5708 0 2)

33,6901
146,3099
90,0002
270,00

AutoLISP

409

angtos (angtos [ []]), ,


, , AUNITS. AutoCAD :

0
1
2
3
4


//

, . AUPREC.
0, .
0,588003 , 0 ( )
4 ( ). 33,6901.


, , . ,
; , . ,
(if (< x 5)) , x 5.
.
, AutoLISP.


:
(= 1 2 ...)

(=) , (1
2). , T.
, nil.

(=
(=
(=
(=
(=

5 5)
5 4.9)
5.5 5.5 5.5)
"yes" "yes")
"yes" "yes" "no")

T
nil
T
T
nil


:
(/= 1 2 ... )

(/=) , (1
2). , T. , nil.

410

12

(/=
(/=
(/=
(/=

50 4)
50 50)
50 -50)
"yes" "no")

T
nil
T
T


:
(<1 2 ...)

(<) , .
(1) (2), T.
, nil.

(< 3 5)
(< 5 3 4 2)
(< "x" "y")

T
nil
T


:
(< = 1 2 ...)

(<=) , .
(1) (2), T. , nil.

(<= 10 15)
(<= "c" "b")
(<= -2 0)

T
nil
T


:
(> 1 2 ...)

(>) , .
(1) (2), T.
, nil.
15 10. , ,
T. 10 , 9, , , 9. , ,
nil.

(> 15 10)
(> 10 9 9)
(> "c" "b")

T
nil
T

AutoLISP

411


:
(>=1 2 ...)

(>=) , .
(1) (2), T. , nil.
78 50. , , T.

(>= 78 50)
(>= "x" "y")
(>= "78" "80")

T
T
nil

defun, setq, getpoint Command


defun
defun AutoLISP.
:
(defun [])

;
.

(defun ADNUM ( ))

ADNUM, -
. , ,
, .
.
(defun ADNUM (a b c))

ADNUM, : a,
b c. a, b c .
(defun ADNUM (/a b))

ADNUM,
a b. .
(defun C:ADNUM ( ))

C:, ,
, AutoCAD. C:
, .

412

12

AutoLISP .
. ,
AutoLISP. (
AutoLISP AutoLISP Programmers Reference.)
abs
ads
alloc
and
angle
antgos
append
apply
atom
ascii
assoc
atan
atof
atoi
distance
equal
fix
float
if
length
list
load
member
nil
not
nth
null
open
or
pi
read
repeat
reverse
set
type
while

setq
setq . :
(setq [ ] ...)

;
, .
, , (, -.)
Command: (setq X 12)
Command: (setq X 6.5)
Command: (setq X 8.5 Y 12)

X 8,5, Y
12.
Command: (setq answer "YES")

answer YES.
setq .
setq
.
(setq pt1 (getpoint "Enter start point: "))
(setq ang1 (getangle "Enter included angle: "))
(setq answer (getstring "Enter YES or NO: "))

AutoLISP , - . , . ,
pi angle , .
(setq pi 3.0)
(setq angle (...))

AutoLISP

413

getpoint
getpoint , X Y ( X, Y Z) .
. getpoint
:
(getpoint [] [])

;
, .

(setq pt1 (getpoint))


(setq pt1 (getpoint "Enter starting point: "))

getpoint AutoLISP.
2D- 3D- (UCS User Coordinate System).

Command
Command AutoCAD
, AutoLISP. AutoCAD . Command :
(Command "_")

Command AutoLISP;
_ AutoCAD.

(Command "line" pt1 pt2 "")

"line" LINE ();


pt1 ;
pt2 ;
"" , RETURN.

Command PLOT () 12- AutoCAD.


(Command plot ...) . AutoCAD 13
,
Command (Command plot ...).

414

12
Command TEXT ()
. , (Command text 4.04
AutoCAD Text)
.
, Command , AutoLISP. getpoint, getstring,
getangle getint. , (Command getpoint ...) (Command getangle ...) . , , . ,
, (, Command text (getpoint) (getdist) (getangle) hello, sailer).

1
,
, ,
. 12.1.

1: AutoLISP
, : , .
,
(. 12.2). ,
, - . 12.1. 123
. . ,
. ,
1, 2 3. .

. 12.2.

, ,
. , .
, (

415

AutoLISP

), . , .
, , . , . , ,
.

1
2
3

1 2
2 3
3 1


123

2: AutoLISP
AutoLISP
. AutoLISP 1. ,
, .
; ,
;
; . P1, P2 P3
; .
(defun C:TRIANG1()
(setq P1 (getpoint
(setq P2 (getpoint
(setq P3 (getpoint
(Command "LINE" P1
)

"\n Enter first point of Triangle: "))


"\n Enter second point of Triangle: "))
"\n Enter third point of Triangle: "))
P2 P3 "C")

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

13
,
. , . , .
. , , .

5
, .
. , .
.

6
(defun C:TRIANG1()

defun,
TRIANG1. C:, ,

416

12

TRIANG1 , AutoCAD. ,
: , TRIANG1
(TRIANG1). TRIANG1 (1, 2 3). AutoLISP,
,
. , (,
Command: !P1). ,
(defun C:TRIANGE1(/P1 P2 P3)).

7
(setq P1 (getpoint "\n Enter first point of Triangle: "))

getpoint, , ,
.
Enter first point of Triangle
( ).
.
setq P1. \n , , , (n newline).

8 9
(setq P2 (getpoint "\n Enter second point of Triangle: "))
(setq P3 (getpoint "\n Enter third point of Triangle: "))

, , . , , 2
3. \n ,
.

10
(Command "LINE" P1 P2 P3 "C")

Command, ,
LINE, , P1 P2, P2 P3.
"C" ( Close) (3)
(1). AutoCAD, AutoLISP,
. P1, P2 P3 .

11
, TRIANG1.
, . ,
.
, .
, , .
.

AutoLISP

417

AutoLISP
.lsp. , , AutoLISP:
. , triang1.lsp , .
AutoLISP .lsp.
. , , , TRIANG1.
AutoLISP, . AutoCAD AutoLISP, .
AutoLISP , .
Load/Unload Application (/ ) (. 12.3),
ToolsAutoLISPLoad (AutoLISP)
Load Application ( ) Tools ().
LSP, VLX, FAS, VBA, DBX
ObjectARX. VBA, DBX ObjectARX
. LSP, VLX FAS , Load/Unload Application. ,
, ,
. ,
(*.lsp) Files of type ( )
. ,
Load ()
.
Load/Unload Application.

. 12.3. AutoLISP
Load/Unload Application

418

12

Load
Load .
,
Loaded Applications History List. ObjectARX .
ObjectARX, .

Loaded Applications
Loaded Applications AutoCAD
, . , , ,
Loaded Applications.

History List
History List AutoCAD ,
Add to History.
, History List
, History List .

Add to History
Add to History , , , History List,
History List.

Unload
Unload Loaded
Applications. , Loaded Applications Unload. LISP
ObjectARX, , .

Remove
Remove History List.
, History List,
Remove.

Startup Suit
, Startup Suit, AutoCAD. Startup Suit
AutoCAD Startup Suit,
. , Add.
, , Startup Suit. ,
History List,
Add to Startup Suit .

AutoLISP

419

AutoLISP LOAD, :
Command: (load "[]_")

Command: , AutoCAD;
load , AutoLISP;
[]_ AutoLISP.
AutoLISP . load _ . , AutoCAD AutoLISP .
load _ . , .
, AutoCAD
(Command: TRIANG1), <Enter>. , , C:,
.
Command: TRIANG1 Command: (TRIANG1)

, AutoLISP,
. , TRIANG1 : LISP, , ,
. (
(//).)
Command: (load "c:/lisp/triang")

Command: (load "c:\\lisp\\triang")

drag-anddrop, Windows.
AutoLISP, Windows Explorer,
AutoCAD. .

1
AutoLISP,
, (. 12.4).
, X Y
.

. 12.4. , P1 P2

420

12

getcorner, getdist setvar


getcorner
getcorner ,
. . .
, , ,
. getcorner :
(getcorner [])

;
, .

(getcorner pt1)
(setq pt2 (getcorner pt1))
(setq pt2 (getcorner pt1 "Enter second point: "))

( ) ,
getcorner,
().
3D-, X, Y Z, Z . Z ,
.

getdist
getdist , - , () . getdist :
(getdist [] [])

, ;
, .

(getdist)
(setq dist
(setq dist
(setq dist
(setq dist

(getdist))
(getdist pt1))
(getdist "Enter distance"))
(getdist pt1 "Enter second point for distance: "))

, . ,
(setq dist (getdist)), . ,
(setq dist (getdist pt1)), (pt1) ,

AutoLISP

421

() . getdist . , , getdist
.

setvar
setvar AutoCAD. .
setvar :
(setvar "_" )

_ AutoCAD;
, .

(setvar
(setvar
(setvar
(setvar

"cmdecho" 0)
"dimscale" 1.5)
"ltscale" 0.5)
"dimcen" -0.25)

2
AutoLISP, ,
. AutoCAD , CHAMFERA
CHAMFERB. CHAMFER () ( )
CHAMFERA CHAMFERB, . ,
,
. 12.5.

(D)
()

. 12.5. , D

422

12

1:

1. .
2. CHAMFERA CHAMFERB.
3. CHAMFER.

x/d = tan a
x = d * (tan a) = d * [(sin a) / (cos a)]

2: AutoLISP
AutoLISP . 3.
, .
; ,
; .
;
(defun c:chamf (/d a)
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(graphscr)
(setq d (getdist "\n Enter chamfer distance: "))
(setq a (getangle "\n Enter chamfer angle: "))
(setvar "chamfera" d)
(setvar "chamferb" (* d (/ (sin a) (cos a))))
(command "chamfer")
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)
)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

7
(setq d (getdist "\n Enter chamfer distance: "))

getdist , .
setq d.

8
(setq a (getangle "\n Enter chamfer angle: "))

getangle , . setq .

9
(setvar "chamfera" d)

setvar d chamfera, AutoCAD.

AutoLISP

423

10
(setvar "chamferb" (* d (/ (sin a) (cos a))))

setvar ,
(* d (/ (sin a) (cos a))), chamferb.

11
(command "chamfer")

Command CHAMFER, .

3: , AutoLISP
.lsp, AutoLISP, , 1.

2
AutoLISP, , . 12.6.
, 1 2 D1 D2.

. 12.6. ,

list
, AutoLISP, list 2D- 3D-.
, list (').

(setq x (list 2.5 3 56))


(setq x '(2.5 3 56))

(2.5 3 56)
(2.5 3 56)

list, ,
. , list, .

424

12

car, cdr cadr


car
car . , car nil. , list
.
car :
(car list)

car , ;
list .

(car
(car
(car
(car
(car
(car

'(2.5 3 56))
'(x y z))
'((15 20) 56))
'( ))
'(list 2 3.0 4))
'(A B C))

2.5
X
(15 20)
nil
2
A

cdr
cdr , . cdr
:
(cdr list)

cdr , , ;
list .

(cdr
(cdr
(cdr
(cdr

'(2.5 3 56))
'(x y z))
'((15 20) 56))
'( ))

(3 56)
(Y Z)
(56)
nil

cadr
cadr ,
: cdr car. cdr , car . cadr :
(cadr list)

cadr , (car (cdr (x y z));


list .

AutoLISP

425

(cadr
(cadr
(cadr
(cadr

'(2 3))
'(2 3 56))
'(x y z))
'((15 20) 56 24))

3
3
Y
56

cadr :
(cadr '(x y z)) = (car (cdr '(x y z))) = car (y z))

y.

car, cdr cadr ,


. . f
'((x y) z w)).
(setq f'((x y) z w))
(caar f) = (car (car f))
(cdar f) = (cdr (car f))
(cadar f) = (car (cdr (car f)))
(cddr f) = (cdr (cdr f))
(caddr f) = (car (cdr (cdr f)))
last f

x
(y)
y
(w)
w
w

graphscr, textscr, princ terpri


graphscr
graphscr
, .
, .

textscr
textscr
, .
, .

princ
princ ( ) . , ( )
. princ :
(princ [ ])

(princ)
(princ a)
(princ "Welcome")

( )
( )
( ) Welcome

426

12

terpri
terpri , .. ,
\n. ,
terpri.

(setq p1 (getpoint "Enter first point: ")) (terpri)


(setq p2 (getpoint "Enter second point: "))

(Enter first point:) .


terpri ; ,
(Enter second point:) , . terpri , (Enter first point: Enter second point:).

3
,
, (. 12.7).

1:

1
3



1. 2 4
2. :
1 2;
2 3;
3 4;
4 1

. 12.7. 1234

427

AutoLISP

X Y 2 4 car cadr.
, car X ,
cadr Y.
X p2
x2 = x3
x2 = car (x3 y3)
x2 = car p3
Y p2
y2 = y1
y2 = cadr (x1 y1)
y2 = cadr p1
X p4
x4 = x1
x4 = car (x1 y1)
x4 = car p1
Y p4
y4 = y3
y4 = cadr (x3 y3)
y4 = cadr p3
p2 p4 :
p2 = (list (car p3) (cadr p1))
p4 = (list (car p1) (cadr p3))

2: AutoLISP
AutoLISP .
3. , .
; ,
;
;
(defun c:RECT1 (/ p1 p2 p3 p4)
(graphscr)
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(prompt "RECT1 command draws a rectangle")(terpri)
setq p1 (getpoint "Enter first corner"))(terpri)
setq p3 (getpoint "Enter opposite corner")"(terpri)
(setq p2 (list (car p3) (cadr p1)))
(setq p4 (list (car p1) (cadr p3)))
(command "line" p1 p2 p3 p4 "c")
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)
)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

428

12

13
,
. (;). , , .

4
(defun c:RECT1 (/ p1 p2 p3 p4)

defun RECT1.

5
(graphscr)

graphscr
( , ). .

6
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)

setvar CMDECHO 0, . CMDECHO 0,


.

7
(prompt "RECT1 command draws a rectangle")(terpri)

prompt , ("RECT1
command draws a rectangle"). terpri , (
) .

8
(setq p1 (getpoint "Enter first corner"))(terpri)

getpoint ,
. setq p1.

9
(setq p3 (getpoint "Enter opposite corner")"(terpri)

getpoint ,
( ). setq p3.

10
(setq p2 (list (car p3) (cadr p1)))

cadr Y 1, car X
p3. list , (..
X Y). setq p2.

AutoLISP

429

11
(setq p4 (list (car p1) (cadr p3)))

cadr Y 3, car X
p1. list , (..
X Y). setq p4.

12
(command "line" p1 p2 p3 p4 "c")

command, , LINE, , p1, p2, p3 p4. c (close) , .. (p4) (p1).

13
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)

setvar CMDECHO 1, .

14
(princ)

princ ( ) . , AutoCAD , . ,
. princ
, .

15
RECT1
.

. ,
, ,
. , , getcorner. :

;
; , getcorner
(defun c:RECT2 (/ p1 p2 p3 p4)
(graphscr)
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(prompt "RECT2 command draws a rectangle")(terpri)
(setq p1 (getpoint "Enter first corner"))(terpri)
(setq p3 (getcorner "Enter opposite corner")"(terpri)
(setq p2 (list (car p3) (cadr p1)))
(setq p4 (list (car p1) (cadr p3)))
(command "line" p1 p2 p3 p4 "c")
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)
)

430

12

3: , AutoLISP
.lsp,
APPLOAD, 1.

getangle getorient
getangle
getangle ,
, . getangle :
(getangle [point] [prompt])

point ;
prompt , .

(getangle)
(setq ang (getangle))
(setq ang (getangle pt1)), pt1
(setq ang (getangle "Enter taper angle"))
(setq ang (getangle pt1 "Enter second point of angle"))

.
, UNITS
ANGBASE ANGDIR. .
X ( ).
ANGBASE.
, , , , , . ANGDIR.
135- , . 12.8, , ,
getangle , 2,35619 .

(setq ang (getangle "Enter angle")) 2,35619


( 135 ).
. 12.8, ,
Y 0 , ,
. getangle
3,92699 ( 135 ). , getangle , , .. ,
ANGDIR. , ANGBASE (. 12.9, ).

AutoLISP

. 12.8, a

. 12.9, a

431

. 12.8,

. 12.9,

(setq ang (getangle "Enter angle")) 3,92699


( 135 ).

getorient
getorient ,
, . getorient :
(getorient [] [])

;
, .

(getorient)
(setq ang (getorient))
(setq ang (getorient pt1))
(setq ang (getorient "Enter taper angle"))
(setq ang (getorient pt1 "Enter second point of angle"))

getorient getangle. ,
. , getorient , X ( ).

432

12

ANGBASE ANGDIR. , . 12.10, , ( ANGDIR ANGBASE ),


135- getorient 2,35619 . , (. 12.10, ), getorient
5,49778 . , ,
Y, getorient , X.

. 12.10, a

. 12.10,

getangle getorient , .
(setq ang (getorient pt1)), pt1 , ,
.
.
180 (3,14159 ). :
= (pi )/180

getint, getreal, getstring getvar


getint
getint , .
. ,
. getint :
(getint [])

, .

(getint)
(setq numx (getint))
(setq numx (getint "Enter number of rows: "))
(setq numx (getint "\n Enter number of rows: "))

AutoLISP

433

getreal
getreal , () . ,
, . getreal
:
(getreal [])

, .

(getreal)
(setq realnumx (getreal))
(setq realnumx (getreal "Enter num1: "))
(setq realnumx (getreal "\n Enter num2: "))

getstring
getstring , . ,
, .
getstring :
(getstring [cr] [])

cr , T Nil.
Nil. T, , . , ENTER.
, .

(getstring)
(setq answer (getstring))
(setq answer (getstring "Enter Y for yes, N for no: "))
(setq answer (getstring "\n Enter Y for yes, N for no: "))

256 . , , , , .

getvar
getvar
AutoCAD. :
(getvar "")

AutoCAD.

434

12

(getvar)
(getvar "dimcen")
(getvar "ltscale")
(getvar "limmax")
(getvar "limmin")

0.09
1.0
12.09,9.00
0.00,0.00

polar sqrt
polar
polar ,
(. 12.11). (.. , ANGBASE
ANGDIR ). polar :
(polar )

;
, ;
.

(polar pt1 ang dis)


(setq pt2 (polar pt1 ang dis))
(setq pt2 (polar '(2.0 3.25) ang dis))

sqrt
sqrt , (. 12.12). sqrt
:
(sqrt )

( ), .

(sqrt
(sqrt
(setq
(setq
(setq
(setq

144)
144.0)
x (sqrt 57.25))
x (sqrt (* 25 36.5)))
x (sqrt (/ 7.5 (cos 0.75)))
hyp (sqrt (+ (* base base) (* ht ht))))

12.0
12.0
7.566373
30.207615
3.2016035


, (. . 12.12).

AutoLISP

435

. 12.11. polar

. 12.12. sqrt

4
AutoLISP,
, (. 12.13). . , .

. 12.13. ,

436

12

1: AutoLISP
AutoLISP -
. AutoLISP 4:
; ,
; .
;
(defun dtr (a)
(* a (/ pi 180.0)
)
(defun c:trgcir (/ r c d p1 p2 p3)
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(graphscr)
(setq r (getdist "\n Enter circle radius: "))
(setq c (getpoint "\n Enter center of circle: ")
(setq d (/ r (sin(dtr 30))))
(setq p1 (polar c (dtr 210) d)
(setq p2 (polar c (dtr 330) d)
(setq p3 (polar c (dtr 90) d)
(command "circle" c r)
(command "line" p1 p2 p3 "c")
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)
)

2: AutoLISP
.lsp, APPLOAD, 1.

3
AutoLISP,
123. (12) (. 12.14). ,
1, L1 .

. 12.14. ,

AutoLISP

437

4
,
. ,
, ,
(. 12.15).

. 12.15. L W

itoa, rtos, strcase prompt


itoa
itoa
. itoa :
(itoa )

, .

(itoa
(itoa
(setq
(setq

89)
-356)
intnum 7) (itoa intnum)
intnum 345) (setq intstrg (itoa intnum))

89
356
7
345

rtos
rtos
. rtos :
(rtos )

, .

(rtos
(rtos
(setq
(setq

50.6)
-30.0)
realstrg (rtos 5.25))
realnum 75.25) (setq realstrg (rtos realnum))

50.6
30.0
5.25
72.25

438

12

rtos . , AutoCAD. rtos :


(rtos [ []])

;
(, ..);
.

strcase
strcase , ,
. strcase :
(strcase [true]),

, ;
true , .
true .
nil, .
nil, .

(strcase "Welcome Home")


WELCOME HOME
(setq t 0) (strcase "Welcome Home" t)
welcome home
(strcase "Welcome Home" a)
WELCOME HOME
(setq answer (strcase (getstring "Enter Yes or No: ")))

prompt
prompt . .
prompt :
(prompt ),

, .

(prompt "Enter circle diameter: ")


(setq d (getdist (prompt "Enter circle diameter: ")))

prompt
.

AutoLISP

439

5
, r1 r2, , d . , ,
X a, . 12.16.

. 12.16. ,

1:

r1;
r2;
d;
a;
c1.

r1;
r2;
, .

1. x1 x2.
2. ang.
3. 2 1.
4. 1, 2, 3 4.
5. r1 1.
6. r2 2.
7. , 1 2, 3 4.

440

12

x1 = r2 r1
x2 = SQRT [d^2 (r2 r1)^2]
tan ang = x1 / x2
ang = atan (x1 / x2)
ala = 90 + a + ang
alb = 270 + a ang
a2a = 90 + a + ang
a2b = 270 + a ang

2: AutoLISP
AutoLISP
. 4.
,
.
;
;,
;
;
(defun dtr (a)
(* a (/ pi 180.00))
)
; dtr
; belt ,
(defun c:belt(/ r1 r2 d a c1 x1 x2 c2 p1 p2 p3 p4)
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(graphscr)
(setq r1(getdist "\n Enter radius of small pulley: "))
(setq r2(getdist "\n Enter radius of larger pulley: "))
(setq d(getdist "\n Enter distance between pulleys: "))
(setq a(getangle "\n Enter angle of pulleys: "))
(setq c1(getpoint "\n Enter center of small pulley: "))
(setq x1 (- r2 r1))
(setq x2 (sqrt (- (* d d) (* (- r2 r1) (- r2 r1)))))
(setq ang (atan (/ x1 x2)))
(setq c2 (polar c1 a d))
(setq p1 (polar c1 (+ ang a (dtr 90)) r1))
(setq p3 (polar c1 (- (+ a (dtr 270)) ang) r1))
(setq p2 (polar c2 (+ ang a (dtr 90)) r2))
(setq p4 (polar c2 (- (+ a (dtr 270)) ang) r2))
;
;
(command "circle" c1 p3)
(command "circle" c2 p2)
(command "line" p1 p2 "")
(command "line" p3 p4 "")
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ))

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33

AutoLISP

441

5
(defun dtr (a)

defun, , dtr (a),


.

6
(* a (/ pi 180.0))

(pi) 180,
( 180 ).

10
(defun c:belt(/ r1 r2 d a c1 x1 x2 c2 p1 p2 p3 p4)

defun, , belt,
, .

18
(setq x1 (- r2 r1))

setq, , ,
(- r2 r1), x1.

19
(setq x2 (sqrt (- (* d d) (* (- r2 r1) (- r2 r1)))))

r2 r1 ( (- r2 r1)),
( (* (- r2 r1) (- r2 r1)).
( (sqrt (- (* d d) (* (- r2 r1) (- r2 r1)))). setq x2.

20
(setq ang (atan (/ x1 x2)))

(atan (/ x1 x2) ,
x1 x2. setq ang.

21
(setq c2 (polar c1 a d))

polar, , c2, 1 d
, .

22
(setq p1 (polar c1 (+ ang a (dtr 90)) r1))

(polar c1 (+ ang a (dtr 90)) r1))


1, 1 r1 -

442

12

, (90 + ) (
(+ ang a (dtr 90))).

28
(command "circle" c1 p3)

command, ,
CIRCLE, 1
, 3.

30
(command "line" p1 p2 "")

command, ,
LINE, , p1 p2.
("") ,
LINE.

3: AutoLISP
.lsp, , , 1.

5
AutoLISP,
, . 12.17. , .

. 12.17. ,

-
- ,
, . - , ,
, , ,
. - ,
, . , -

AutoLISP

443

,
. , . . 12.18 ,
-.

. 12.18. , -


( ),
, .
, (< x y) , . .

444

12

(if (< x y) (setq z ( y x)) (setq z (x y))) , ,


(T) , , (nil). ,
z = y x. , z (x y).
, , AutoLISP.

if
, if (. 12.19) (then); (nil),
if (else). :
(if then [else]),

;
then , , (T);
else , , (nil).

. 12.19. if

(if (= 7 7) ("true"))

true

(if (= 5 7) ("true") ("false"))

false

(setq ans "yes")


(if (= ans "yes") ("Yes") ("No"))

Yes

(setq num1 8)
(setq num2 10)
(if (> num1 num2)
(setq x (- num1 num2))
(setq x (- num2 num1))
)

AutoLISP

445

6
AutoLISP,
. ,
.

1: -

(num1)
(num2)

x = num1 num2

x = num2 num1

num1 > num2,
x = num1 num2 (If num1 > num2 then x = num1 num2)
num1 < num2,
x = num2 num1 (If num1 < num2 then x = num2 num1)
. 12.20 -, .
.

. 12.20. - 6

2: AutoLISP
AutoLISP
. 6.
, .

446

12

;
; .
;
(defun c:subnum()
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(setq num1 (getreal "\n Enter first number: "))
(setq num2 (getreal "\n Enter second number: "))
(if (> num1 num2)
(setq x (- num1 num2))
(setq x (- num2 num1))
)
(princ)
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)
)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

8
(if (> num1 num2)

if, , (> num1


num2). , T ();
, nil ().

9
(setq x (- num1 num2))

, (if (> num1 num2) . num2 num1 .

10
(setq x (- num1 num2))

, (if (> num1 num2)


nil. num1 num2
.

11
)

if.

3: AutoLISP
.lsp, ,
APPLOAD, , 1.

AutoLISP

447

7
AutoLISP,
(. 12.21). , ( ).
.

1: -
. 12.21 -.

.12.21. - 7

2: AutoLISP
AutoLISP 7.
; .
(defun c:cmdnum()
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(setq num1 (getreal "\n Enter first number: "))
(setq num2 (getreal "\n Enter second number: "))
(prompt "Do you want to multiply or divide? Enter M or D: ")
(setq ans (strcase (getstring)))
(if (= ans "M")
(setq x (* num1 num2))
)
(if (= ans "D")
(setq x (/ num1 num2))
)
(if (and (/ = ans "D")(/ = ans "M"))
(prompt "Sorry! Wrong entry/ Try again")
(princ x)
)
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)
)

448

12

3: AutoLISP
.lsp, , APPLOAD. , , 1.

progn
progn if . progn :
(progn 1 2 ...)

if ( ,
). , progn, if, .
, .

(defun c:IFPRGN()
(setq p1(getint " "))
(if (> = p1 5)
(progn (command "line" "2,2" "3,3" "")
(command "rec" "3,3" "6,6"))
(progn (command "circle" "3,3" 1)
(command "line" "3,3" "5,5" ""))
)
)
;

while
while (. 12.22) .
( nil), , while, ,
nil. while :
(while _ ),

_ , ;
, ,
nil.

(while (= ans "yes")


(setq x (+ x 1))
(setq ans (getstring "Enter yes or no: "))
)
(while (< n 3)
(setq x (+ x 10))
(setq n (1 + n))
)

AutoLISP

449

. 12.22. while

8
AutoLISP,
n- . n .
,
(. 12.23).

. 12.23. - 8

1: -


n

n (xn)

450

12


1. : t = 1 c =1.
2. t x t.
3. , c n.

2: AutoLISP
AutoLISP 8.
; n-
;
(defun c:npower()
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(setq x(getreal "\n Enter a number: "))
(setq n(getint "\n Enter Nth power-integer number: "))
(setq t 1) (setq c 1)
(while (<= c n)
(setq t (* t x))
(setq c (1 + c))
)
(princ t)
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)
)

3: AutoLISP
, , APPLOAD.

9
AutoLISP,
, (. 12.24).

. 12.24. ,

AutoLISP

451

, , ,
.

1: AutoLISP
; ,
;
;
(defun c:bc1()
(graphscr)
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(setq cr(getpoint "\n Enter center of Bolt-Circle: "))
(setq d(getdist "\n Dia of Bolt-Circle: "))
(setq n(getint "\n Number of holes in Bolt-Circle: "))
(setq a(getangle "\n Enter start angle: "))
(setq dh(getdist "\n Enter diameter of hole: "))
(setq inc(/ (* 2 pi) n))
(setq ang 0)
(setq r (/ dh 2))
(while (< ang (* 2 pi))
(setq p1 (polar cr (+ a inc) (/ d 2)))
(command "circle" p1 r)
(setq a (+ a inc))
(setq ang (+ ang inc))
)
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)
)

2: AutoLISP
, , APPLOAD.

repeat
repeat n- ,
(. 12.25). n .
repeat :
repeat n,

n , , .

(repeat 5
(setq x (+ x 10))

452

12

. 12.25. repeat

AutoCAD AutoLISP
AutoCAD. , - AutoLISP,
. ,
Startup Suit,
Load/Unload Application (ToolsLoad Application ToolsAutoLISPLoad). Load/Unload Application
.

10
AutoLISP,
. ,
, (. 12.26).

. 12.26. - 10

AutoLISP

453

AutoLISP 10.
;
; , repeat.
(defun c:concir()
(graphscr)
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(setq c (getpoint "\n Enter center point of circles: "))
(setq n (getint "\n Enter number of circles: "))
(setq r (getdist "\n Enter radius of first circle: "))
(setq d (getdist "\n Enter radius increment: "))
(repeat n
(command "circle" c r)
(setq r (+ r d))
)
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)
)


,
.
1. AutoLISP ________.
2. AutoLISP ________.
3. ________ .
4. AutoLISP ________ .
5. setq,
________.
6. LOAD
AutoLISP ________.
7. LISP ________.
8. strcase , , ________.
9. progn ________.
10. setq ________.

454

12


.
1. :
Command: (+ 2 30 5 50)
Command: (+ 2 30 4 55.0)
( 20 40)
(30.0 40.0)
(* 72 2 3 2.0)
(* 7 5.5)
(/ 299 5)
(/ 200 9.0)
(1 9)
(1 18.5)
(abs 90)
(abs 27.5)
(sin pi)
(sin 1.5)
(cos pi)
(cos 1.2)
(atan 1.1 0.0)
(atan 0.4 0.0)
(antgos 1.5708 0 5)
(antgos 1.5708 0 3)
(< "x" "y")
(>= 80 90 79)

________.
________.
________.
________.
________.
________.
________.
________.
________.
________.
________.
________.
________.
________.
________.
________.
________ .
________ .
________.
________.
________.
________.

2. ________ , X Y ( X, Y Z).
3. ________ AutoCAD
AutoLISP.
4. AutoLISP AutoCAD
. (/)
5. getdist , ________ ,
.
6. ________ AutoCAD.
________.
7. cadr ,
: ________ ________.
8. ________ , .. , \n.
9. ________ ,
, .
10. ________ , .

AutoLISP

455

11. ________ , .
, , .
12. _________ AutoCAD.
13. ________ ,
.
14. ________ ,
.
15. ________
.
16. if (> num1 num2). , if ________; , ________.
17. _______ if
.
18. while . ( nil), , while, ________ ,
________.
19. repeat n- ,
. n . (/)

6 ()
AutoLISP, 1 D1, D2
D3 (. 12.27). ,
1 D1, D2 D3.

. 12.27. D1, D2 D3

456

12

7 ()
AutoLISP,
1 2 (. 12.28). 12
. 1 2 L. D1
(D1 = L/4).

. 12.28. ,

8 ()
AutoLISP,
123 (.12.29).
, 1,
L1 .

. 12.29.

AutoLISP

457

9 ()
,
. , (2R), ,
, (. 12.30).

. 12.30. L R

10 ()
, , (N) , (. 12.31).

. 12.31. N- , S


1 , 2 AutoCAD, 3 /=, 4 ,
5 , 6 , 7 APPLOAD, 8
, 9 if, 10 .

13

Visual LISP


, :
Visual LISP AutoCAD;
Visual LISP;
Visual LISP;
AutoLISP;
Visual LISP;

Visual LISP;
Visual LISP
.

460

13

Visual LISP
Visual LISP AutoCAD. AutoCAD 2.0
1980- . AutoLISP
, . , ,
, ,
. , AutoLISP . , ,
AutoCAD . ,
,
. ,
. ,
.
, AutoLISP.
Visual LISP . , ,
, . () . , ,
, .
Visual LISP , . ,
- AutoCAD
.
, . Visual LISP AutoLISP. Visual
LISP, AutoCAD, .
, AutoCAD, Visual LISP.

Visual LISP
Visual
LISP, AutoLISP. , Visual LISP, Visual LISP,
.

Visual LISP
: ToolsAutoLISPVisual LISP Editor
: VLIDE
1. AutoCAD.

Visual LISP

461

2. Tools AutoLISP, Visual LISP Editor.


Visual LISP, VLIDE
. Visual LISP, . 13.1. Visual LISP - Trace, Visual LISP ,
Visual LISP. Visual LISP,
. 13.1, : , , . .

. 13.1. Visual LISP

. Visual LISP . , .
, Visual LISP.
. Visual LISP.
: Debug, Edit, Find, Inspect Run. .
- , , . .
. Visual LISP Console Visual LISP. ,
. ,
Visual LISP, AutoLISP Visual
LISP . , , ($) (+ 2 9.5),
<Enter>. Visual LISP
.

462

13

. -
, , Visual LISP.

Visual LISP
1. New File File. , . 13.2.
Untitled-0, .
2. , Visual LISP.
3. ,
Visual LISP ,
AutoLISP ( Notepad):
;;;
(defun tr1 ()
(setq p1(list 2 2))
(setq p2(list 6.0 3.0))
(setq p3(list 4.0 7.0))
(command "line" p1 p2 p3 "c")
)

4. Save As, File Save Save As.


, triang1.lsp. (. 13.3).

. 13.2. Visual LISP

Visual LISP

463

. 13.3. Visual LISP


1. Visual LISP, .
2. Tools Load Text in Editor. , Load active edit window, Tools. Visual LISP Console
. -
.
3. , (tr1)
( _$). ,
. , .
, AutoCAD,
Activate AutoCAD,
View. AutoCAD.
AutoCAD TR1 .
AutoCAD ,
.13.4.

464

13

. 13.4.

1 ()
AutoLISP, . ,
( )
(. 13.5).

. 13.5. , 1

Visual LISP

465

AutoLISP
Visual LISP AutoLISP,
, .
1. AutoCAD, Visual LISP, ToolsAutoLISPVisual LISP Editor. , VLIDE .
2. Visual LISP, Open File File.
Open file to edit/view.
3. AutoLISP, , Open (). Visual LISP.
4. , Format
edit window Tools.
5. , Load active edit window Tools Load Text in Editor
Tools.
6. , (_$), Visual LISP Console,
<Enter>. nil, , .

Visual LISP
Visual LISP Visual LISP. ,
Visual LISP . ,
(sqrt 37.2) ( _$) <Enter>, Visual LISP 6,09918.
, (setq x 99.3), (+ 38 23.44), (- 23.786 35),
(abs -37.5) (sin 0.333) .
. 13.6, ($).

Visual LISP
1. Visual LISP , <Enter>. Visual LISP
. ,
($).
_$ (setq x 37.5) (setq y (/ x 2))

<Enter>, Visual LISP X Y (. 13.7).


2. ,
, , ($). , X, X
( _$).

466

13

. 13.6. LISP Visual LISP

3. Visual LISP AutoLISP ,


<Ctrl+Enter>.
, , , <Ctrl+Enter>.
$ , , .
<Enter>, . 13.7.
$ (setq n 38) <Ctrl+Enter>
(setq counter (-n 1))

4. , (_$) <Tab>.
<Tab> . , ,
Visual LISP. ,
<Tab>
, . <Shift+Tab>.
5. , (.. _$),
<Esc>. , <Shift+Esc> , , ,
. . ,
(setq x 15), <Esc>, . ,
<Shift+Esc> (setq x 15) , .

Visual LISP

467

. 13.7. AutoLISP Visual LISP

6. <Enter> ,
. ,
, (sin,
( _$), <Enter>. Visual LISP
, Console, , . , .
7. <Shift+F10>,
,
. 13.8. : Cut, Copy, Paste, Clear Console Window, Find,
Inspect, Add Watch, Apropos Window, Symbol Service,
Undo, Redo, AutoCAD Mode Toggle Console Log.
8. Visual LISP
- ,
Visual LISP. , ,
Help Tools. Visual LISP
,
(. 13.9).

. 13.8.

468

13

. 13.9. -

9. Visual LISP ,
Visual LISP Console, (.log). ,
Toggle Console Log File Toggle Console Log
. Visual LISP Console .
10. , Visual LISP
, . , ,
, .
, , , - .
, .
11. , AutoLISP Visual LISP , , Visual
LISP, AutoCAD.
, AutoCAD Mode
Tools. , ,
<Tab>. AutoCAD,
<Enter>. AutoCAD.

Visual LISP

469

2 ()
Visual LISP (
_$):
(+ 2 30 4 38.50)
(- 20 39 32)
(* 2.0 -7.6 31.25)
(/ -230 -7.62 2.15)
(sin 1.0472)
(atan -1.0)
(< 3 10)
(<= -2.0 0)
(setq variable_a 27.5)
(setq variable_b (getreal "Enter a value: "))

Visual LISP
Visual LISP
. , .
, , Visual LISP , .
, Visual LISP . ,
Visual LISP AutoLISP,
, .

Visual LISP.


Visual LISP , Visual LISP. , LISP, DCL
SQL. Visual LISP (. 13.10).
, :
Visual LISP

( )

Visual LISP
, .
Visual LISP .
, :

470

13

Visual LISP

'

"

\n

:
:
:
:
:
:

. 13.10. AutoLISP

, (Command"Line"P1P2 P3"c"), Visual LISP Command Line ,


. (Command"Line" . , (setq p1 setq
p1 .
Visual LISP (setqp1 .

-
Visual LISP -
, Visual LISP. ,
Help Tools. Visual LISP
, .

Visual LISP

471



<Shift+F10>, ,
. 13.11.

. 13.11. ,

: Cut, Copy, Paste, Clear Console


Window, Find, Inspect, Add Watch, Apropos Window, Symbol Service, Undo, Redo, AutoCAD
Mode Toggle Console Log.
.

Cut

Copy

Paste

Find

Go to Last Edited

Toggle Breakpoint

Inspect

Inspect

Add Watch

Add Watch

Apropos Window

Apropos Window

Symbol Service

Symbol Service

Undo

Redo

Undo

Visual LISP
, ,
Visual LISP Formatter. AutoLISP , . ,
.

472

13


, , . .
, , . , Format edit window,
Tools, Format code in Editor Tools.
, Format
selection Tools Format code in Selection
Tools. Tools Tools . 13.12.

. 13.12. Format selection Format edit window


Visual LISP , . , Visual LISP.

; Single-Semicolon
;; Current-Column
;;; Heading 0-Column
;| Inline |;
;_ Function-Closing

,
SingleSemicolon comment indentation
,


,

,
, Insert form-closing comment

Visual LISP

473

. 13.13 .
. , ,
. , , .

. 13.13. ,


, Format options, . 13.14.
, ToolsEnvironment OptionsVisual LISP Format Options. , More options (. 13.15).


, . , .
,
.
. Visual LISP
, . ,
Debug. , Toolbars, Toolbars View,
Debug. Apply ,
Close. Debug . . 13.16
.

474

13

. 13.14. Format Options

. 13.15. Format Options,

. 13.16. Debug

Visual LISP

475

1. , Visual LISP,
triang2.lsp.
;;;
(defun tr2 ()
(setq p1 (getpoint "\n Enter first point p1: "))
(setq p2 (getpoint "\n Enter second point p2: "))
(setq p3 (getpoint "\n Enter third point p3: "))
(command "arc" p1 p2 p3)
(command "line" p1 p2 p3 "c")
)

2. , Format edit window


Tools Format code in Editor
Tools.
3. , Load active edit window Tools. , Load Text in
Editor Tools.
4. Visual LISP , Toggle breakpoint,
Debug. Debug.
Visual LISP .
(setq p2 (getpoint "\n Enter second point p2: "))|

5. Visual LISP Console . , <Enter>.


_$ (tr2)

AutoCAD.
(Enter
first point p1: Enter second point p2:).
, Visual LISP. , , , ,
. 13.17.

. 13.17. , Step into

6. Step into, Debug,


Step into Debug.
Step into, <F8>. -

476

13

, . (. 13.18)
. .
(setq p3 (getpoint "\n Enter third point p3: ")).

. 13.18. Step into ,

7. Step into .
(setq p3 (getpoint "\n Enter third point p3: ")),
. 13.19.
8. Step into .
AutoCAD, (Enter
third point p3:). Visual
LISP. . (getpoint "\n Enter third point p3: ")).

. 13.19. Step into , Step


Indicator

9. , Step into .
,
(getpoint "\n Enter third point p3: ")).
10. Step into . , .
11. , Step over, Debug, Step over
Debug.
<Shift+F8>.
12. Step over ,
. , AutoCAD.

Visual LISP

477

AutoLISP
1.
2.
3.
4.

.
.
.
.

1
LISP,
I- ( ), . 13.20.
1. 1, , ,
.

1:
, ,
, .
, .

P1 ;
L ;
W ;
T1 ;
T2 .

(I- ), . 13.20.

. 13.20. 1

478

13


: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,
10, 11 12.

2: Visual LISP
Visual LISP. ToolsAutoLISP
Visual LISP Editor VLIDE .
, New File File. :
(defun isec ()
(setq p1 (getpoint "\n Enter the starting point of the I-section: ")
l (getdist "\n Enter the length of the I-section: ")
w (getdist "\n Enter the width of the I-section: ")
t1 (getdist "\n Enter the thickness of the flange: ")
t2 (getdist "\n Enter the thickness of the web: ")
p2 (list (+ (car p1) w) (cadr p1))
p3 (list (car p2) (+ (cadr p2) t1))
p4 (list (- (car p3) (/ (- w t2) 2)) (cadr p3))
p5 (list (car p4) (+ (cadr p4) (-l (* 2 t1))))
p6 (list (car p3) (cadr p5))
p7 (list (car p6) (+ (cadr p6) t1))
p8 (list (car p1) (+ (cadr p1) l))
p9 (list (car p8) (- (cadr p8) t1))
p10 (list (- (car p5) t2) (cadr p5))
p11 (list (- (car p4) t2) (cadr p4))
p12 (list (car p1) (cadr p11))
)
(command "PLINE" p1 p2 p3 p4 p5 p6 p7 p8 p9 p10 p11 p12 p1 "")
)

3: Visual LISP
Save Save As File
isec.lsp. , Load Text in
Editor Tools Load active edit window,
Tools. Visual LISP Console
. Visual LISP Console , , Tile Horizontally Window.
- , .
, , . , Format Edit Window,
Tools. ,
. , (isec) _$. , . <Enter>,
AutoCAD , .
, I- , .

Visual LISP

479

1. , Notepad. , APPLOAD
, , AutoLISP.
2. , ,
, MIRROR.
, , MIRROR, .

4: POLAR Visual LISP


,
, , .
POLAR.
d1 2 3, d2
3 4, d3 4 5. , dtr
.
, POLAR.
(defun dtr (a)
(* a (/ pi 180.0))
)
(defun isec ()
(setq p1 (getpoint "\n Enter the starting point of the I-section: ")
l (getdist "\n Enter the length of the I-section: ")
w (getdist "\n Enter the width of the I-section: ")
t1 (getdist "\n Enter the thickness of the flange: ")
t2 (getdist "\n Enter the thickness of the web: ")
)
(setq d1 t1
d2 (- (/ w 2.0) (/ t2 2.0))
d3 (- l (* 2.0 t1))
)
(setq p2 (polar p1 (dtr 0) w)
p3 (polar p2 (dtr 90) d1)
p4 (polar p3 (dtr 180) d2)
p5 (polar p4 (dtr 90) d3)
p6 (polar p5 (dtr 0) d2)
p7 (polar p6 (dtr 90) d1)
p8 (polar p7 (dtr 180) w)
p9 (polar p8 (dtr 270) d1)
p10 (polar p9 (dtr 0) d2)
p11 (polar p10 (dtr 270) d3)
p12 (polar p11 (dtr 180) d2)
)
(command "PLINE" p1 p2 p3 p4 p5 p6 p7 p8 p9 p10 p11 p12 "")
)

480

13

2
Visual LISP, (. 13.21) ( , 1).
: (vpoint v), (h) (a)
.

. 13.21. , 1

1:
, 1, , (Vpoint),
(Extrusion Height) (Angle of Extrusion).
, ,
. ( ), v, h a.
getreal,
, . getangle ,
. ,
EXTRUDE, .

2: Visual LISP
Visual LISP, Tools AutoLISP Visual LISP
Editor VLIDE .
, New File File. ,
, LISP 1
( ).
(defun dtr (a)
(* a (/ pi 180.0)))
(defun isec3d ()
(setq p1 (getpoint "\n Enter the starting point of the I-section: ")
l (getdist "\n Enter the length of the I-section: ")

Visual LISP

481

w (getdist "\n Enter the width of the I-section: ")


t1 (getdist "\n Enter the thickness of the flange: ")
t2 (getdist "\n Enter the thickness of the web: ")
h (getdist "\n Enter Extrusion Height: ")
v (getpoint "\n Enter the Viewpoint: ")
a (getreal "\n Enter Angle of Extrusion: ")
)
(setq d1 t1
d2 (- (/ w 2.0) (/ t2 2.0))
d3 (- l (* 2.0 t1))
)
(setq p2 (polar p1 (dtr 0) w)
p3 (polar p2 (dtr 90) d1)
p4 (polar p3 (dtr 180) d2)
p5 (polar p4 (dtr 90) d3)
p6 (polar p5 (dtr 0) d2)
p7 (polar p6 (dtr 90) d1)
p8 (polar p7 (dtr 180) w)
p9 (polar p8 (dtr 270) d1)
p10 (polar p9 (dtr 0) d2)
p11 (polar p10 (dtr 270) d3)
p12 (polar p11 (dtr 180) d2)
)
(command "PLINE" p1 p2 p3 p4 p5 p6 p7 p8 p9 p10 p11 p12 "")
(command "VPOINT" v)
(commnad "EXTRUDE" "All" "" h a)
(command "ZOOM" "All")
(commnad "HIDE")
)

3: Visual LISP
Save Save As File
isec3d.lsp. , Load
Text in Editor Tools Load active edit window,
Tools. Visual LISP Console
. ,
(isec3d) _$. , .
<Enter>, AutoCAD , ,
, , , , . , AutoCAD
, .

Toggle breakpoint,
Debug. , ,
.

482

13

3
Visual LISP, C-
, . 13.22.
,
, , .

1: Visual LISP
Visual LISP,
ToolsAutoLISPVisual LISP Editor VLIDE .
, New File
File.
LISP , , Notepad. ,
C- .

. 13.22. C-

;; C-
(defun csec ()
(setq p1 (getpoint "\n Enter the point: "))
(setq L (getdist "\n Enter the length: "))
(setq W (getdist "\n Enter the width: "))
(setq t1 (getdist "\n Enter the thickness of flange: "))
(setq t2 (getdist "\n Enter the thickness of web: "))
(setq p2 (list (+ (car p1) w) (cadr p1)))
(setq p3 (list (car p2) (+ (cadr p2) t1)))
(setq p4 (list (- (car p3) (- w t2) (cadr p3)))
(setq p5 (list (car p4) (+ (cadr p4) (- L (* 2 t1)))))
(setq p6 (list (+ (car p5) (- w t2)) (cadr p5)))
(setq p7 (list (+ (car p5) (+ (cadr p6) t1)))
(setq p8 (list (car p1) (cadr p7)))
(command "PLINE" p1 p2 p3 p4 p5 p6 p7 p8 "c")
)

2: Visual LISP
Save Save As File
csec.lsp. , Load Text
in Editor Tools Load active edit window, Tools. Visual LISP Console
. ,
(csec) _$. , .

3 ()
Visual LISP, - , . 13.23. , , (L), (W)
(t1 t2) .

Visual LISP

483

. 13.23. - 3

4 ()
Visual LISP, T- , ,
3. , (vpoint),
.

5 ()
Visual LISP,
L- , . 13.24.
, , ,
.

. 13.24. L- 5

484

13

4
Visual LISP, , .
. 13.25.

. 13.25.

2: Visual LISP
Visual LISP, ToolsAutoLISPVisual LISP Editor
VLIDE . ,
New File File. LISP
, , Notepad. 4. ( LISP
, , .)
;
;
;
(defun TRANA ()
(graphscr)
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(setq L (getdist "\n Enter length of bottom rectangle: "))
(setq W (getdist "\n Enter width of bottom rectangle: "))
(setq H (getdist "\n Enter height of transition: "))
(setq L1 (getdist "\n Enter length of top rectangle: "))
(setq W1 (getdist "\n Enter width of top rectangle: "))
(setq
(setq
(setq
(setq
(setq
(setq

x1
y1
d1
d2
p1
p2

(/ (- w w1) 2))
(/ (a l 11) 2))
(sqrt (+ (* h h) (* x1 x1))))
(sqrt (+ (* d1 d1) (* y1 y1))))
(sqrt (- (* d2 d2) (* y1 y1))))
(sqrt (- (* d2 d2) (* x1 x1))))

Visual LISP

485

(setq t1 (+ l1 y1))
(setq t2 (+ l w))
(setq t3 (+ l x1 w1))
(setq t4 (+ l x1))
(setq pt1 (list 0 0))
(setq pt2 (list y1 p1))
(setq pt3 (list t1 p1))
(setq pt4 (list l 0))
(setq pt5 (list t4 p2))
(setq pt6 (list t3 p2))
(setq pt7 (list t2 0))
(command "layer" "make" "ccto" "c" "l" "ccto" "")
(command "line" pt1 pt2 pt3 pt4 pt5 pt6 pt7 "c")
(setq sf (/ (+ l w) l2))
(setvar "dimscale" sf)
(setq c1 (list 0 (- 0 (+ 0.75 sf))))
(setq c7 (list (- 0 (+ 0.75 sf) 0)))
(setq c8 (list (- 1 (+ 0.75 sf) 0)))
(command "layer" "make" "cctd" "c" "2" "cctd" "")
(command "dim" "hor" pt1 pt2 c1 "" "base" pt3 "" "base" pt4 "" "exit")
(command "dim" "hor" pt4 pt5 c1 "" "base" pt6 "" "base" pt7 "" "exit")
(command "dim" "vert" pt1 pt2 pt2 "" "exit")
(command "dim" "vert" pt4 pt5 pt5 "" "exit")
(command "dim" "aligned" pt1 pt2 c7 "" "exit")
(command "dim" "aligned" pt4 pt5 c8 "" "exit")
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ))

2: Visual LISP
Save Save As File
trana.lsp. , Load Text
in Editor Tools Load active edit window, Tools. Visual LISP Console
. ,
(trana) _$. , .

486

13

5
Visual LISP, , . 13.26, .

. 13.26.

1: Visual LISP
Visual LISP 5.
;
;
; DTR
(defun DTR (a)
(* PI (/ A 180.0))
)
; RTD
(defun RTD (a)
(* a (/ 180.0 pi))
)
(defun tan (a)
(/ (sin a) (cos a))
)
(defun cone-lp ()
(graphscr))
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(setq r2 (getdist "\n Enter outer radius at larger end: ")
(setq r1 (getdist "\n Enter inner radius at smaller end: ")
(setq t1 (getdist "\n Enter sheet thickness: ")
(setq a (getangle "\n Enter cone angle: ")
; ,
;
(setq x0 0)
(setq y0 0)

Visual LISP

487

(setq sf (/ r2 3))
(setvar "dimscale" sf)
(setq ar a)
(setq tx (/ (* t1 (sin ar)) 2))
(setq rx2 (- r2 tx))
(setq rx1 (+ r1 tx))
(setq w (* (* 2 pi) (cos ar)))
(setq rl1 (/ rx1 (cos ar)))
(setq rl2 (/ rx2 (cos ar)))
; x
;
(setq xl (+ x0 rl1)
x3 (+ x0 rl2)
x2 (- x0 (* rl1 (cos (- pi w))))
x4 (- x0 (* rl2 (cos (- pi w))))
)
; y
;
(setq y1 y0
y3 y0
y2 (+ y0 (* rl1 (sin (- pi w))))
y4 (+ y0 (* rl2 (sin (- pi w))))
)
(setq p0 (list x0 y0)
p1 (list x1 y1)
p2 (list x2 y2)
p3 (list x3 y3)
p4 (list x4 y4)
)
(command "layer" "make" "ccto" "c" "1" "ccto" "")
(command "arc" p1 "c" p0 p2)
(command "arc" p3 "c" p0 p4)
(command "line" p1 p3 "")
(command "line" p2 p4 "")
(setq
(setq
(setq
(setq

f1
f2
d1
d2

(/ r2 24))
(/ r2 2))
(list (+ x3 f2) y3))
(list x0 (- y0 f2)))

(command "layer" "make" "cctd" "c" "2" "cctd" "")


(setvar "dimtih" 0)
(command "dim" "hor" p0 p1 d2 "" "baseline" p3 "" "baseline" p2 "baseline"
p4 "" "exit")
(command "dim" "vert" p0 p2 d1 """baseline" p4 "" "exit")
(setvar "dimscale" 1)
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)
)

488

13

2: Visual LISP
Save Save As File
cone-lp.lsp. , Load
Text in Editor Tools Load active edit window,
Tools. Visual LISP Console
. ,
(cone-lp) _$. ,
.


, . , ,
. ,
.
, .
:
1. , , Visual LISP.
Open File File.
2. , Load Text in Editor Tools Load active edit window, Tools.
3. , (tr2) Visual
LISP ( _$). , . , . p1, p2 p3
Watch window,
View.
4. , Visual LISP p1, Watch window, View.
Add Watch, Watch.
1. Watch 1 (X, Y Z).
5. p2 (, ) Add Watch, Watch.
Add Watch OK.
Watch, . 13.27.
, .

Visual LISP

489

. 13.27. Add Watch

,
Visual LISP
, Visual LISP.

Visual LISP, ..
.
Malformed list ( )
. .
Malformed string ( )
, .
Null function ( )
, .
Too few arguments ( )
, .
String too long ( )
SETVAR .

490

13

Too many arguments ( )


.
Invalid argument ( )
.
Invalid argument list ( )
.
Incorrect number of arguments ( )
, ,
.
Incorrect number of arguments to a function ( , )
, .
Function cancelled ( )
<Ctrl+C> <Esc>
.
Extra right paren ( )
.
Exceeded maximum string length ( )
, , 132 .
Divide by zero ( )
.
Divide overflow ( )
, .
Console break ( )
, <Ctrl+C> .
Bad argument type ( )
, .
Bad association list ( )
, ,
.
Visual LISP stack overflow ( Visual LISP)
Visual
LISP. , .
Bad ENTMOD list ( ENTMOD)
, ENTMOD,
.

Visual LISP

491

Bad conversion code ( )


.
Bad entmod list value ( ENTMOD)
, ENTMOD, .
Bad function ( )
.
Bad list ( )
, .
Bad ssget list ( SSGET)
, (ssget "x"), .
Bad ssget list value ( SSGET)
, SSGET, .
Bad ssget mode string ( , SSGET)
, SSGET , .
Base point is required ( )
, getcorner .
Cant evaluate expression ( )
.
Cant open file for input - LOAD failed ( -
LOAD)

.
Input aborted ( )
, .
Invalid character ( )
, .
Invalid dotted pair ( )
, ; .
Misplaced dot ( )
, ; .

492

13


,
.
1. Visual LISP ________ ________.
2. ________ , , .
3. ________ , .
4. ________,
View.
5. ________, Debug.
6. Visual LISP?
1. ____________________
2. ____________________
7. Visual LISP.
1. ____________________
2. ____________________
3. ____________________
4. ____________________
8. Visual LISP.
1. ____________________
2. ____________________
3. ____________________
4. ____________________
5. ____________________


.
1. Visual LISP.
1. ____________________
2. ____________________
Visual LISP?
AutoLISP Visual LISP?
Visual LISP Console?
Visual LISP LISP?
, .
6. LISP ,
Visual LISP?
7. ?
8. Visual LISP :
____________
LISP ______________
_______________
_______________

2.
3.
4.
5.

9. Visual LISP Formatter ?


10. ?
11. ?

Visual LISP

493

12. Visual LISP?


13. , Visual LISP?

6 ()
Visual LISP, , . 13.28. ,
,
. , .

. 13.28. 6

7 ()
Visual LISP,
, . 13.29. ,
, .

. 13.29. 7

494

13

8 ()
Visual LISP, , . 13.30. , , ,
.
VPOINT,
.

. 13.30. 8

9 ()
Visual LISP, , . 13.31, . , L5 = D1, L3 = 1,5*D1, L2 = 10*D1, L1 = L2D1,
L4 = L3+D1.

. 13.31. 9

10 ()
Visual LISP,
, . 13.32. , P0 ( -

Visual LISP

495

/), D1, D2, W


(T).
Center ( ) T W Dim ( ).

. 13.32. 10

11 ()
Visual LISP,
, (. 13.33).
,
.

. 13.33. ,

12 ()
Visual LISP,
, . 13.34. ,
.

496

13

. 13.34. , .
,


1 , , 2 , 3 ,
4 Watch Window, 5 Toggle Breakpoint, 6 ToolsAutoLISPVisual LISP Editor, VLIDE,
7 , , , 8 Standard, Tools,
Debug, View.

14

Visual LISP:


, :
Visual LISP;
ssget, sslength, ssname, ssadd,
ssdel, entget, assoc, cons, subst, entnext, entlast
entmode;
;

.

498

14


Visual LISP
, . ,
Visual LISP , . , ,

, - .
AutoCAD,
,
, .
, . ,
,
Visual LISP Programmers Reference, Autodesk.

ssget
ssget ,
. (, , , ..) , . ssget
:
(ssget [_] [1 2])

_ (w, c, l, p ..);
1 ;
2 .

(ssget)
(ssget "L")
(ssget "p")
(ssget "w" (list 0 0)
(list 12.0 9.0))
(ssget "c" pt1 pt2))




(
0,0 12.0,9,0)
( pt1 pt2)

1
Visual LISP, , ( limmin limmax). ssget.
, .

1: Visual LISP
Visual LISP, ToolsAutoLISPVisual LISP Editor
VLIDE . Visual
LISP, New File File. ,
.

499

Visual LISP:

Visual LISP 1.
, .
;
;, .
;
(defun delall ()
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(setq pt1 (getvar "limmin"))
(setq pt2 (getvar "limmax"))
(setq ss1 (ssget "c" pt1 pt2))
(command "erase" ss1 "")
(command "redraw")
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)
)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

13
,
. , (;).

4
(defun delall ()

defun delall.

6
(setq pt1 (getvar "limmin"))

getvar
(limmin), setq pt1.

7
(setq pt2 (getvar "limmax"))

getvar
(limmax), setq pt2.

8
(setq ss1 (ssget "c" pt1 pt2))

ssget ,
, pt1 pt2. ( .) setq ss1.

9
(command "erase" ss1 "")

command ERASE,
, ss1.

500

14

10
(command "redraw")

command REDRAW,
, .

2: Visual LISP
Save Save As File
delall.lsp. , Load
Text in Editor Tools Load active edit window,
Tools. Visual LISP . - , .
,
13 Visual LISP. , , 13
. , , Format Edit Window,
Tools.
, (delall)
_$ <Enter>. ,
. ,
AutoCAD, Activate AutoCAD Window.
, , , .

ssget "X"
ssget "X" , . , . ssget "X"
:
(ssget "X" _)

X ssget;
_ ,
.

(ssget "X" (list (cons 0 "TEXT")))

(ssget "X" (list (cons 7 "ROMANC")))

(ssget "X" (list (cons 0 "LINE")))

(ssget "X" (list (cons 8 "OBJECT")))

, TEXT,
,
TEXT, ROMANC
, LINE,
, ,
OBJECT

Visual LISP:

501

ssget "X" , . , ,
OBJECT, . -,
, -,
OBJECT.
(ssget "X" (list (cons 0 "LINE")(cons 8 "OBJECT")))

ssget "X"
AutoCAD, ssget "X":

0
2
3
6
7
8
38
39
62
66
210


,
DIMSTYLE



2
Visual LISP, , . , , ssget filter
(ssget "X"). , .

1: Visual LISP
Visual LISP, ToolsAutoLISPVisual LISP Editor
VLIDE . Visual
LISP, New File File. ,
.
Visual LISP 2.
; ,
; .
;
(defun deltext ()
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(setq layer (getstring "\n Enter layer name: "))
(setq ss1 (ssget "x" (list (cons 8 layer) (cons 0 "text"))))
(command "erase" ss1 "")
(command "redraw")
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ))

502

14

2: Visual LISP
Save Save As File
deltext.lsp. , Load
Text in Editor Tools Load active edit window, Tools. Visual LISP
. , . , (deltext) _$
<Enter>. ,
. , AutoCAD,
Activate AutoCAD Window. , , , .

sslength
sslength ,
, , . sslength :
(sslength _)

_ .

(setq
(setq
(setq
(setq

ss1
num
ss2
num

(ssget))
(sslength ss1))
(ssget "1"))
(sslength ss2))

,
, ss1
(1), ss2. ss2

ssname
ssname , . ,
. ssname :
(ssname _ )

_ ;
, .

(setq ss1 (ssget))


(setq index 0)
(setq entname (ssname ss1 index))

,
ss1

0, ssname ,
. 1,
, ..

Visual LISP:

503

ssadd
ssadd ()
. :
(ssadd _ _)

ssadd , , . ( _)
, .

(setq all(ssget))
Selection objects: All
Selection set = 30

All, , , .
.
(setq b(entsel))
Select objects: ,
.
(<entity name: 1ffo5a0> (10.977 4.99 0))
(setq c(car b))
entity name: 1ffo5a0
(setq d(ssadd c all))
(command "erase" all "")

ssdel
ssdel . , ssadd.
ssdel :
(ssdel _ _)

, ,
. .
(setq all(ssget))
Select objects: All
(setq b(entsel))
Select objects: , ,
.
(<entity name: 1ffo5a0> (2.455 5.99 0))
(setq c(car b))
entity name: 1ffo5a0
(setq d(ssdel c all))
selection set = 36
(command "erase" all "")

,
.

504

14

entget
entget .
ssname. entget :
(entget _)

_ , ssname.

(setq
(setq
(setq
(setq

ss1 (ssget))
index 0)
entname (ssname ss1 index))
entlist (entget entname))

, entname, entlist.

assoc
assoc , . assoc :
(assoc _)

AutoCAD;
_ .

(setq
(setq
(setq
(setq
(setq

ss1 (ssget))
index 0)
entname (ssname ss1 index))
entlist (entget entname))
entasso (assoc 0 entlist))

, 0, , entlist.

cons
cons .
:
(cons _ _)

_ ;
_ .

(cons 'x 'y)


(cons '(x y) 'z)
(cons '(x y z) '(0.5 5.0))

(X .Y)
((X .Y) Z)
((X Y Z) 0.5 5.0)

Visual LISP:

505

subst
subst . , .
subst :
(subst _ _ )

_ , ;
_ , ;
.

(setq entlist '(x y x))


(setq newlist (subst '(z) '(x) entlist)

(x y z); subst x, (entlist), z.

entmod
entmod , . :
(entmod _)

_ .

3
Visual LISP,
. ,
.

1:




,

1. ; ssname, .
2. entget, .
3. assocc , 0.
4. cons, ,
.

506

14

5. subst .
6. , entmod.

2: Visual LISP
Visual LISP, ToolsAutoLISPVisual LISP Editor
VLIDE . Visual
LISP, New File File. ,
. Visual LISP 3.
; .
;
; .
;
(defun chgtext1 ()
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(setq newht (getreal "\n Enter new text height: "))
(setq ss1 (ssget))
(setq name (ssname) ss1 0))
(setq ent (entget name))
(setq oldlist (assocc 40 ent))
(setq conlist (cons (car oldlist) newht))
(setq newlist (subst conlist oldlist ent))
(entmod newlist)
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)
)

3: Visual LISP
Save Save As File
chgtext1.lsp. , Load
Text in Editor Tools Load active edit window,
Tools. Visual LISP .
- , .
, (chgtext1) _$ <Enter>. ( ,
.) ,
,
.
<Enter>. , .


, ,
, .
, . ,
. ,

Visual LISP:

507

CHANGE TEXT, . 0,3 .


, Visual LISP
3 , .

1
ssget ssget "X",
ss1. AutoCAD ,
. 7 (setq ss1 (ssget)),
3, ss1.
:
Command: !ss1
<Selection set: 2>

2
, - , .
ssname, . , ssname,
. , 0, ssname ,
1, , ..
(setq name (ssname ss1 0)) ssname
. :
Command: !name
<Object name: 60000018>

3
enget .
(setq ent (entget name))
ent. :
Command: !ent
((-1.< Object name: 60000018> (0 . "TEXT") (8 . "0") (10 4.912227
5.36301 0.0) (40 . 0.3) (1 . "CHANGE TEXT") (50 . 0.0) (41 . 1.0)
(51 . 0.0) (7 . "standard") (71 . 0) ) (72 . 1) (11 6.51227 5.36302
0.0) (210 0.0 0.0 1.0))

(.. CHANGE TEXT), .


, , , (40 . 0.3), .

4
, 40 (.. ), assocc. (setq oldlist (assocc 40 ent)), , assocc, oldlist.
:
Command: !oldlist
(40 . 0.3)

508

14

5
(40 . 0.3) (40), ,
, (0.3). , (0.3) - .
, conlist.
11 (setq conlist (cons
(car oldlist) newht)). , , newht,
0.5, (40 . 0.5).
conlist :
Command: !conlist
(40 . 0.5)

6
, ent, subst. 12 (setq newlisst (subst conlist oldlist ent)).
newlist :
Command: !newlist
((-1.< Object name: 60000018> (0 . "TEXT") (8 . "0") (10 4.912227
5.36301 0.0) (40 . 0.5) (1 . "CHANGE TEXT") (50 . 0.0) (41 . 1.0)
(51 . 0.0) (7 . "standard") (71 . 0) ) (72 . 1) (11 6.51227 5.36302
0.0) (210 0.0 0.0 1.0))

7
.
entmod, 13 (entmod newlist) .

,
entnext
,
. , entnext ,
(entnext(entnext)) . entnext :
(entnext < >)

entlast
entlast ,
. :
entlast

entsel
entsel
.

509

Visual LISP:

:
(entsel [])

4
Visual LISP, , . ,
.

1: -
-, . 14.1,
Visual LISP.

. 14.1. - 4

2: Visual LISP
Visual LISP, ToolsAutoLISPVisual LISP Editor
VLIDE . Visual
LISP, New File File. ,
. ,
.
;
;, .
;
(defun chgtext2 ()
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(setq newht (getreal "\n Enter new text height: "))
(setq ss1 (ssget "x" (list (cons 0 "text"))))
(setq index 0)
(setq num (sslenght ss1))
(repeat num
(setq name (ssname) ss1 index))

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

510

14
(setq ent (entget name))
(setq oldlist (assocc 40 ent))
(setq conlist (cons (car oldlist) newht))
(setq newlist (subst conlist oldlist ent))
(entmod newlist)
(setq index (1 + index))
)
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

7
(setq ss1 (ssget "x" (list (cons 0 "text"))))

ssget "X" .
setq ss1.

8
(setq index 0)

setq index 0. .

9
(setq num (sslenght ss1))

sslenght , ss1.
setq num.

10
(repeat num

repeat , , num .

2: Visual LISP
Save Save As File
chgtext2.lsp. , Load
Text in Editor Tools Load active edit window,
Tools. ,
(chgtext2) _$ <Enter>. , . , , .
<Enter>,
.

5
Visual LISP,
, .

Visual LISP:

511

1: Visual LISP
. 14.2 - .

. 14.2. - 5

2: Visual LISP
Visual LISP, ToolsAutoLISPVisual LISP Editor
VLIDE . Visual
LISP, New File File. ,
.
(defun chgtext3 ()
(setvar "cmdecho" 0)
(setq newht (getreal "\n Enter new text height: "))
(setq ss1 (ssget))
(setq index 0)
(setq num (sslenght ss1))
(repeat num
(setq name (ssname) ss1 index))
(setq ent (entget name))
(setq ass (assocc 0 ent))
(setq index (1 + index))
(If (= "TEXT" (cdr ass))
(progn
(setq oldlist (assocc 40 ent))
(setq conlist (cons (car oldlist) newht))
(setq newlist (subst conlist oldlist ent))
(entmod newlist)
)
)
)
(setvar "cmdecho" 1)
(princ)
)

512

14

3: Visual LISP
Save Save As File
chgtext3.lsp. , Load
Text in Editor Tools Load active edit window, Tools. ,
(chgtext3) _$ <Enter>. , .
, ,

. , .
.

6
Visual LISP, , .
, .

1: Visual LISP
Visual LISP, ToolsAutoLISPVisual LISP Editor
VLIDE . Visual
LISP, New File File. ,
.
(Defun radcir ()
(setq p1(entsel "select the circle")
p2(car p1)
p3(entget p2)
p4(assocc 10 p3)
p5(getpoint "\n Enter the new center point of the circle: ")
p6(cons 10 p5)
p3(subst p6 p4 p3)
);setq
(entmod p3)
);defun

2: Visual LISP
Save Save As File
radcir.lsp. , Load Text
in Editor Tools Load active edit window, Tools. ,
(radcir) ( _$) <Enter>.
, .
, ,
.
, . .

Visual LISP:

513


,
.
1. Visual LISP
, . (/)
2. ________ ,
.
3. ________ . , .
4. ________ , , ,
.
5. ________ ,
. ,
.


.
1. ________ .
2. ________ .
3. ________ .
4. ________ , .
5. ________ .
6. ________ .

1 ()
Visual LISP, . ,
.

2 ()
Visual LISP,
, . , .

3 ()
Visual LISP,
, . ,
, , .


1 , 2 ssget, 3 ssget "X", 4 sslenght, 5 ssname.

15



Dialog Control Language

, :
, ;
;
,
(DCL);
;
;
AutoLISP;
, DCL.

516

15


, (DCL Dialog Control Language),
ASCII, . DCL . , DCL,
. DCL .dcl (, ddosnap.dcl).
, AutoCAD,
AutoLISP. DCL
AutoLISP, . ,
DCL.
, .
DCL , , .
, ,
AutoCAD Customization Guide,
Autodesk. DCL, . ( , AutoCAD ).


, (DCL), , , .
, , , ,
, .
, . 15.1.

. 15.1. Drawing Units

Dialog Control Language

517

. .
, . , AutoLISP
AutoCAD (ADS) ARX. ,
, Cancel (),
, . ,
, , AutoLISP, ADS ARX. , AutoLISP ADS,

DCL, AutoLISP, AutoCAD.
, , AutoCAD. ,
-,
.
, ,
, (AutoLISP ADS), .


() . ,
. , , ,
(. 15.2).

. 15.2.

518

15

, , , , ,
(PDB), AutoCAD.
base.dcl. , . ,
, ,
, . . 15.3.
DCL.

. 15.3.





( )

()

DCL

button
edit_box
image_button
list_box
popup_list
radio_button
slider
toggle
column
boxed_column
row
boxed_row
radio_column
boxed_radio_column
radio_row
boxed_radio_row
image
text
spacer

Dialog Control Language

519

DCL button.
,
. . , , , .
, ,
, . , Cancel
() - .

,
. ,
.


DCL text.
. ,
,
. , , . AutoCAD

.

Cancel, .


, , , . ,
fixed_width, , ,
. , height , key , . : . , fixed_width = true fixed_width
, true , .
, , , , .


. (1, 15, 22), , , , ,
.

520

15

width = 15
height = 10

. , ,
.

aspect_ratio = 0.75

. , ,
, .

key = "accept"
label = "OK"

. . - , .

is_default = true
fixed_width = true

. , is_default = true is_default = TRUE, true, True TRUE.


, ,
. , key, Key KEY.


, AutoCAD
,
(PDB), AutoCAD.
, . , DCL
, .
. , (PDB).
Action
alignment
allow_accept
aspect_ratio
color
edit_limit
edit_width
fixed_height

fixed_width
height
is_canceled
is_default
key
label
layout
list

max_value
min_value
mnemonic
multiple_select
small_increment
tabs
value
width

Dialog Control Language

521

key, label is_default


key
DCL: key
:
key = "accept"
key = "XLimit"

key .
, , .
. , key, .
(key = "accept") key "accept". key,
- .

label
DCL: label

label = "OK"
label = "Hello DCL Users"

- .
label,
, ,
, .
label .
label . , label, . , ,
. label
; .

welcome : dialog {
label = "Sample Dialog Box";

Sample Dialog Box (. 15.4).


label . ,
label, , ; ,
. , . ,
( ). , -
.

522

15

: text {
label = "Welcome to the world of DCL";
}

Welcome to the world of DCL , (. . 15.4).


label .
. , . .

: button {
key = "accept";
label = "OK";
}

is_default
DCL: is_default

is_default = true

is_default .
true.
, <Enter>.
, , . , , . , <Enter>. true,
is_default. , ,
. , .

is_default,
true.

xed_width alignment
fixed_width
DCL: fixed_width

fixed_width = true

523

Dialog Control Language

. ,
,
fixed_width true.
.

alignment
DCL: alignment

alignment = centered
alignment = right

, alignment, . , , , :
left, right centered. alignment left;
. , , alignment top, bottom
centered. centered.

1
(DCL),
, . 15.4.
, .
DCL , 1.
dclwel1.dcl. , .

. 15.4. 1

welcome1 : dialog {
label = "Sample Dialog Box";
: text {
label = "Welcome to the world DCL";
}
: text {
label = "Dialog Control Language";
}
: button {
key = "accept"
label = "OK"
is_default = true
}
}

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

524

15

1
welcome1 : dialog {

welcome1 , . ,
.

2
label = "Sample Dialog Box";

label , "Sample Dialog


Box" , .
.
. , .

35
: text {
label = "Welcome to the world DCL";
}

, .
text, .
label = "Welcome to the world DCL";,
,
. .

913
: button {
key = "accept"
label = "OK"
is_default = true
}

button (). button,


, .
key = "accept", ASCII,
.
(is_default = true) ,
.
<Enter>.
, 14,
.

DCL
DCL, AutoLISP,
AutoCAD. , , DCL,
AutoCAD.
,

Dialog Control Language

525

. DCL
. ,
DCL, . , , :
(load_dialog _)

load_dialog ;
_ DCL (.dcl).

(load_dialog "dclwel1.dcl") (load_dialog "dclwel1")

dclewl1 DCL, .dcl , DCL.

DCL , load_dialog new_dialog, AutoCAD.


, DCL , AutoLISP. (.
AutoLISP DCL .)

, (, welcome1 welcome1.dcl). , new_dialog unload_dialog


. dcl_id. , ;
, , dclid id.


load_dialog DCL, . new_dialog,
:
(new_dialog _ )

new_dialog , ;
_ ;
, load_dialog.

(new_dialog "welcome1" 1)

, dcl_id, load_dialog, 1. DCL, 1,


load_dialog new_dialog. dcl_id, load_dialog, 3.
. 15.5 , :

526

15

Command: (load_dialog "dclwel1.dcl")


3
Command: (new_dialog "welcome1" 3)

. 15.5. ,

, OK . , . fixed_width = true;, .
alignment = centered, . DCL,
,
(. 15.6).

. 15.6. ,

Dialog Control Language

527

welcome2 : dialog {
label = "Sample Dialog Box";
: text {
label = "Welcome to the world of DCL";
}
: text {
label = "Hello - DCL";
}
: button {
key = "accept";
label = "OK";
is_default = true;
fixed_width = true; // ( )
alignment = centered; // ( )
}
}

AutoLISP DCL
, DCL
, DCL, AutoLISP:
(defun c:load_dcl(/ dcl_id )
(setq dcl_id (load_dialog "dclwel2.dcl")) - ( DCL)
(new_dialog "welcome2" dcl_id) - ( )
(start_dialog) - ( )
(princ)
)

:
load_dcl AutoLISP;
dclwel2 DCL, ;
welcome2 , DCL.


base.dcl ,
DCL .
ok_cancel,
OK Cancel (. 15.7). DCL ( 1), ok_cancel:
welcome3 : dialog {
label = "Sample Dialog Box";
: text {
label = "Welcome to the world of DCL";
}
: text {
label = "Dialog Control Language";
alignment = right;
}
ok_cancel;
}

528

15

. 15.7. OK Cancel

, base.dcl. , .
OK
DCL: ok_only
OK Cancel
DCL: ok_cancel
OK, Cancel Help
DCL: ok_cancel_help

AutoLISP
load_dialog
AutoLISP load_dialog DCL, . AutoCAD ,
"dclwel1". (.dcl) .
DCL AutoCAD , .
DCL: (load_dialog _)

(load_dialog "dclwel1")
(load_dialog "dclwel1.dcl")

unload_dialog
AutoLISP unload_dialog DCL, .
dcl_id, DCL.
DCL: (unload_dialog dcl_id)

(unload_dialog dcl_id)

new_dialog
AutoLISP new_dialog
. ,
"welcome1" , DCL.
dcl_id , DCL.
DCL: (new_dialog "_" dcl_id)

Dialog Control Language

529

(new_dialog "welcome1" dcl_id)

start_dialog
AutoCAD AutoLISP start_dialog
, . , , start_dialog
.
DCL: (start_dialog)

done_dialog
AutoLISP done_dialog
. ,
.
DCL: (done_dialog)

(action_tile "accept" "(done_dialog)")

action_tile
AutoLISP action_tile
. action_tile "accept"
(done_dialog), .
"accept" , OK.
DCL: (action_tile _ _)

(action_tile "accept" "(done_dialog)")

AutoLISP

DCL, 1, , , (.. ). ,
AutoCAD , . , AutoLISP ADS
(AutoCAD Development System). , AutoLISP ADS,
DCL, , , , , ,
AutoCAD. AutoLISP
2.

530

15

2
AutoLISP,
(. 1).
DCL, 1. welcome1, : "".
. ,
, , ,
, ,
.
welcome1 : dialog {
label = "Sample Dialog Box";
: text {
label = "Welcome to the world DCL";
}
: text {
label = "Dialog Control Language";
}
: button {
key = "accept"
label = "OK"
is_default = true
}
}

AutoLISP,
DCL (dclwel1) welcome1, OK. ,
.
(defun C:welcome (/ dcl_id)
(setq dcl_id (load_dialog "dclwel1.dcl"))
(new_dialog "welcome1" dcl_id)
(action_tile
"accept"
"(done_dialog)")
(start_dialog)
(unload_dialog dcl_id)
(princ)
)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

1
(defun C:welcome (/ dcl_id)

defun AutoLISP,
welcome. :, , welcome ,
AutoCAD (.. ).
dcl_id.

Dialog Control Language

531

2
(setq dcl_id (load_dialog "dclwel1.dcl"))

(load_dialog "dclwel1.dccl"), , dclwel1.dcl . setq dcl_id.

3
(new_dialog "welcome1" dcl_id)

AutoLISP new_dialog welcome1,


DCL ( 1). dcl_id , DCL.

, AutoLISP (welcome1),
, DCL (welcome1).

46
(action_tile
"accept"
"(done_dialog)"

, DCL ( 1), ASCII- accept


(key = accept). (4 5) . action_tile (done_dialog). AutoLISP , .
done_dialog .

7
(start_dialog)

start_dialog AutoLISP , .

8
(unload_dialog dcl_id)

, , DCL, dcl_id.

9 10
(princ)
)

princ . .
princ , . ,
, welcome.

532

15


( row)
DCL: row
DCL , , .
, , , .


DCL: boxed_row
,
.
. , , .

.

DCL: column
, .


DCL: boxed_column
, .
. , , .

.

DCL: toggle
(), ,
, .
, , ,
. : .
, ,
. , -,
. () .

Dialog Control Language

533

, 1; , 0.


DCL: mnemonic

mnemonic = "U"

,
. ( <Enter>).
- , . ,
, .
, New <N>.
<N> New
. ,
.
mnemonic,
. ,
. , .
; , New
(N), (n) . , ,
, . .

(GUI) . . - .

3
DCL ,
(. 15.8).
, .
, DCL, .
. , . DCL
. . 15.8
, 3.
. ;
(. 15.9).

534

15

. 15.8.

. 15.9.

3.
, .
Osnaps : dialog {
label = "Running Object Snaps"
: boxed_row {
label = "Select Object Snaps"
: column {
: toggle {
label = "Endpoint";
key = "Endpoint";
mnemonic = "E";
fixed_width = true;
}
: toggle {
label = "Midpoint";
key = "Midpoint";
mnemonic = "M";
fixed_width = true;
}
}
: column {
: toggle {
label = "Intersection";
key = "Intersection";

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

535

Dialog Control Language


mnemonic = "I";
fixed_width = true;
}
: toggle {
label = "Center";
key = "Center";
mnemonic = "C";
fixed_width = true;
}
}
}
ok_cancel
}

23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35

3 4
: boxed_row {
label = "Select Object Snaps"

boxed_row , . label = "Select


Object Snaps" Select Object Snaps
. label DCL.

57
: column {
: toggle {
label = "Endpoint";

column DCL,
. toggle
(), . label Endpoint, .

811
key = "Endpoint";
nemonic = "E";
fixed_width = true;
}

key Endpoint. . (mnemonic = "E";)


Endpoint. , Endpoint,
. fixed_width . , , ,
fixed_width true. (}),
, .

536

15

3135
}
}
}
ok_cancel
}

, 31, (), 32 ,
19. 33 boxed_row ( ), 3.
ok_cancel ,
OK Cancel. .
, DCL
, . ,
osnapsh.dlc. ,
AutoCAD . , , AutoCAD, 1. . 15.10 ,
AutoCAD .

. 15.10. AutoCAD, , 3

Dialog Control Language

537

DCL AutoCAD. ,
, . 7, , Windows.
Command: (load_dialog "osnapsh.dcl")
1
Command: (new_dialog "osnapsh" 1)

AutoLISP
logand logior
AutoLISP logand logior (AND) (OR),
.
logand
logand
logand
logand
logand
logand
logand

(2
(8
(6
(6
(1
(1

7)
15)
15 7)
15 1)
4)
5)

2
8
6
0
0
1

logior
logior
logior
logior
logior
logior
logior

(2
(8
(6
(6
(1
(1

7)
15)
15 7)
15 1)
4)
5)

7
15
15
15
5
5

. ,
:

None
Endpoint
Midpoint
Center
Node
Quadrant
Apparent Intersection
Parallel

0
1
2
4
8
16
2048
8192

Intersection
Insertion
Perpendicular
Tangent
Nearest
Quick
Extension

32
64
128
256
512
1024
4096


OSMODE. , 4, .
, . -

538

15

, (1 + 2 + 4 = 7),
OSMODE.
. AutoLISP
logand, ,
. , OSMODE 7,
logand, , .
logand (1 7)
logand (2 7)
logand (4 7)

1
2
4

Endpoint ( )
Midpoint ( )
Center ( )

atof rtos
atof ,
rtos .

(atof "3.5")
(rtos 8.15)

3.5
8.1500

get_tile set_tile
g e t _ t i l e ,
set_tile .

(get_tile "midpoint")
(set_tile "xsnap" value)

4
AutoLISP,
, 3.
AutoLISP 4. , .
;; AutoLISP .
;; osnapsh.dcl.
(defun c:osnapsh ( / dcl_id)
(setq dcl_id (load_dialog "osnapsh.dcl"))
(new_dialog "osnapsh" dcl_id)
;;
;;
(setq osmode (getvar "osmode"))
(if (= 1 (logand 1 osmode))
(set_tile "Endpoint" "1")
)
(if (= 2 (logand 2 osmode))
(set_tile "Midpoint" "1")
)
(if (= 32 (logand 32 osmode))
(set_tile "Intersection" "1")

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

539

Dialog Control Language


)
(if (= 4 (logand 4 osmode))
(set_tile "Center" "1")
)
;; , ,
;; osmode
(defun setvars ()
(setq osmode 0)
(if (= "1" (get_tile "Endpoint"))
(setq osmode (logior osmode 1))
)
(if (= "1" (get_tile "Midpoint"))
(setq osmode (logior osmode 2))
)
(if (= "1" (get_tile "Intersection"))
(setq osmode (logior osmode 32))
)
(if (= "1" (get_tile "Center"))
(setq osmode (logior osmode 4))
)
(setvar "osmode" osmode)
)
(action_tile "accept" "(setvars) (done_dialog)")
(start_dialog)
(princ)
)

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44

1 2
;; AutoLISP .
;; osnapsh.dcl.

, . AutoCAD , .

35
(defun c:osnapsh ( / dcl_id)
(setq dcl_id (load_dialog "osnapsh.dcl"))
(new_dialog "osnapsh" dcl_id)

defun, 3, AutoLISP,
osnapsh.
c:, osnapsh ,
AutoCAD. osnapsh (dcl_id).
4 (load_dialog "osnapsh.dcl"),
osnapsh.dcl . setq
dcl_id. 5 new_dialog "osnapsh", DCL

540

15

( 1 DCL). dcl_id ,
DCL.

8
(setq osmode (getvar "osmode"))

getvar
"osmode",
osmode. setq osmode.
, osmode , ("osmode") AutoCAD.

911
(if (= 1 (logand 1 osmode))
(set_tile "Endpoint" "1")
)

(logand 1 osmode), 9, 1,
OSMODE (1),
. , 7 (1 + 2 + 4 = 7), (logand 1 7) 1. OSMODE 6 (2 + 4 = 6), (logand 1 6) 0. if , ,
(logand 1 osmode). T (true),
, . 10 Endpoint 1, .
, 11, if.
(if (= 1 (logand 1 osmode)) nil,
12 .

24 25
(defun setvars ()
(setq osmode 0)

24 setvars, 25 0 osmode.

2628
(if (= "1" (get_tile "Endpoint"))
(setq osmode (logior osmode 1))
)

(get_tile "Endpoint"), 26,


Endpoint. Endpoint ,
1. , 0.
get_tile (0 1). 27 setq , (logior osmode 1), osmode.
, osmode 0, (logior
osmode 1) 1. , 1, (logior osmode 2) 3.

Dialog Control Language

541

41 42
(action_tile "accept" "(setvars) (done_dialog)")
(start_dialog)

42 (start_dialog) , , "accept". , setvars, OSMODE


.
done_dialog, . Cancel
OSMODE.

,


DCL: radio_button
radio_button , . ( )
. , . ,
, , ,
, .
. , , , . -

. , ,
.


DCL: radio_column
, .
, .
,
.


DCL: boxed_radio_column

, .

542

15


DCL: radio_row

, .
. , , .
,
.
, , .

5
DCL ,
(. 15.11).
AutoLISP, ,
.

. 15.11. 5

DCL ,
. 15.11. dwgunits. , .
Dwgunits : dialog {
label = "Drawing Units"
: row {
: boxed_column {
label = "Select Units";
: radio_column {
: radio_button {
key = "scientific";
label = "Scientific";
mnemonic = "S";
}
: radio_button {
key = "decimal";
label = "Decimal";
mnemonic = "D";
}

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

543

Dialog Control Language


: radio_button {
key = "engineering";
key = "Engineering"
mnemonic = "E";
}
}
}
: boxed_column {
label = "Unit Precision";
: radio_column {
: radio_button {
key = "one";
label = "One";
mnemonic = "O";
}
: radio_button {
key = "two";
label = "Two";
mnemonic = "T";
}
: radio_button {
key = "three";
label = "Three";
mnemonic = "h";
}
}
}
}
ok_cancel
}

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46

4 5
: boxed_column {
label = "Select Units";

4
boxed_column, . label =
"Select Units", 5, Select
Units . Label DCL.

68
: radio_column {
: radio_button {
key = "scientific";

radio_column
, . radio_button
, .
. key -

544

15

scientific. .

911
label = "Scientific";
mnemonic = "S";
}

label Scientific, . (mnemonic = "S";) , Scientific.


S, Scientific,
.
(}), .

4146
}
}
}
}
ok_cancel
}

, 41,
( ), . 43 boxed_column ( ),
44 ,
3 DCL. ok_cancel
, OK Cancel. .
DCL ,
. , dwgunits.dlc,
dwgunits. ,
AutoCAD . AutoCAD 5. . 15.12 , .
Command: (load_dialog "dwgunits.dcl")
5
Command: (new_dialog "dwgunits" 1)

. 15.12. , 5

545

Dialog Control Language

AutoLISP, , , .
, .
;; dwgunits.lsp
;;. dwgunits.dcl
;
(defun c:dwgunits ( / dcl_id)
(setq dcl_id (load_dialog "dwgunits.dcl"))
(new_dialog "dwgunits" dcl_id)
;
;; lunits luprec
;; .
;
(setq lunits (getvar "lunits"))
(if ( = 1 lunits)
(set_tile "scientific" "1")
)
(if ( = 2 lunits)
(set_tile "decimal" "1")
)
(if ( = 3 lunits)
(set_tile "engineering" "1")
)
;
(setq luprec (getvar "luprec"))
(if ( = 1 luprec)
(set_tile "one" "1")
)
(if ( = 2 luprec)
(set_tile "two" "1")
)
(if ( = 3 luprec)
(set_tile "three" "1")
)
;; radio_button
;; lunit luprec
;
(action_tile "scientific" (setq lunits 1)")
(action_tile "decimal" (setq lunits 2)")
(action_tile "engineering" (setq lunits 3)")
;
(action_tile "one" (setq luprec 1)")
(action_tile "two" (setq luprec 2)")
(action_tile "three" (setq luprec 3)")
(action_tile "accept" (done_dialog)")
;
(start_dialog)
(setvar "lunits" lunits)
(setvar "luprec" luprec)
(princ)
)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49

546

15

13
;; dwgunits.lsp .
;; dwgunits.dcl
;

. . AutoCAD , .

46
(defun c:dwgunits ( / dcl_id)
(setq dcl_id (load_dialog "dwgunits.dcl"))
(new_dialog "dwgunits" dcl_id)

4 AutoLISP defun,
dwgunits, dcl_id. :,
dwgunits,
, AutoCAD (.. ). (load_dialog
"dwgunits.dcl"), , dwgunits.dcl
. setq dcl_id. new_dialog, dwgunits, DCL (
1 DCL). dcl_id , DCL.

11
(setq lunits (getvar "lunits"))

g e t v a r
"lunits",
lunits. setq lunits.
, lunits ,
("lunits")
AutoCAD.

1214
(if ( = 1 lunits)
(set_tile "scientific" "1")
)

if ( AutoLISP) , lunits 1.
T (true), , . set_tile, 13,
"scientific" 1,
. 14 if.
if ( = 1 lunits) nil,
14.

Dialog Control Language

547

22
(setq luprec (getvar "luprec"))

getvar "luprec",
luprec. , setq
luprec. , luprec , ("luprec") AutoCAD.

2325
(if ( = 1 luprec)
(set_tile "one" "1")
)

if, 23, , 1 luprec.


T (true), , .
set_tile, 24, "one" 1,
( ).
25 if.
if ( = 1 luprec) nil,
25.

36
(action_tile "scientific" (setq lunits 1)")

"scientific" setq lunits 1.


.
, lunits:
1

Scientific ()

Decimal ()

Engineering ()

Architectural ()

Fractional ()

40
(action_tile "one" (setq luprec 1)")

"one", setq luprec 1.


, .. .

548

15

4347
(action_tile "accept" (done_dialog)")
;
(start_dialog)
(setvar "lunits" lunits)
(setvar "luprec" luprec)

, , "accept". , ,
dwgunits. start_dialog .
(setvar "lunits" lunits) (setvar "luprec" luprec) lunits luprec lunits
luprec, .


DCL: edit_tile
, . ,
.

.

width edit_width
width
DCL: width

width = 22

width
. , , . , width,
. 22.
,
. (22)
, fixed_width.
, width .

edit_width
DCL: edit_width

edit_width = 10

Dialog Control Language

549

edit_width, , , ,
.
0, fixed_width , .
PDB ,
, .

6
DCL ,
, (. 15.13).
Snap
Grid. ,
. 15.13. 6
AutoLISP, ,
.
DCL 6 :
dwgaids : dialog {
label = "Drawing Aids";
: row {
: boxed_column {
label = "SNAP";
fixed_width = true;
width = 22;
: toggle {
label = "On";
mnemonic = "O";
key = "snapon";
}
: edit_box {
label = "X-Spacing";
mnemonic = "X";
key = "xsnap";
edit_width = 10;
}
: edit_box {
label = "Y-Spacing";
mnemonic = "Y";
key = "ysnap";
edit_width = 10;
}
}
: boxed_column {
label = "GRID";
fixed_width = true;
width = 22;
: toggle {

550

15
label = "On";
mnemonic = "n";
key = "gridon";
}
: edit_box {
label = "X-Spacing";
mnemonic = "S";
key = "xgrid";
edit_width = 10;
}
: edit_box {
label = "Y-Spacing";
mnemonic = "p";
key = "ygrid";
edit_width = 10;
}
}
}
ok_cancel

AutoLISP 6.
, , (. 15.14).

. 15.14. AutoCAD 6

Dialog Control Language


;; AutoLISP Drawing Aids
;; dwgaids.dcl
;
(defun c:dwgaids (/ dcl_id snapmode xsnap ysnap
orgsnapunit gridmode gridsnap xgrid ygrid orggridunit)
(setq dcl_id (load_dialog "dwgaids.dcl"))
(new_dialog "dwgaids" dcl_id)
;; snapmode snapunit
;;
(setq snapmode (getvar "snapmode"))
(if (= 1 snapmode)
(set_tile "snapon" "1")
(set_tile "snapon" "0")
)
(setq orgsnapunit (getvar "snapunit")
(setq xsnap (car orgsnapunit))
(setq ysnap (cadr orgsnapunit))
(set_tile "xsnap" (rtos xsnap))
(set_tile "ysnap" (rtos ysnap))
;
;; gridmode gridunit
;;
(setq gridmode (getvar "gridmode"))
(if (= 1 grid mode)
(set_tile "gridon" "1")
(set_tile "gridon" "0"))
(setq orggridunit (getvar "gridunit")
(setq xgrid (car orggridunit))
(setq ygrid (cadr orggridunit))
(set_tile "xgrid" (rtos xgrid))
(set_tile "ygrid" (rtos ygrid))
;; ,
;; AutoCAD
(defun setvars ()
(setq xsnap (atof (get_tile "xsnap")))
(setq ysnap (atof (get_tile "ysnap")))
(setvar "snapunit" (list xsnap ysnap))
(if (= "1" (get_tile "snapon"))
(setvar "snapmode" 1)
(setvar "snapmode" 0))
(setq xgrid (atof (get_tile "xgrid")))
(setq ygrid (atof (get_tile "ygrid")))
(setvar "gridunit" (list xgrid ygrid))
(if (= "1" (get_tile "gridon"))
(progn
(setvar "gridmode" 1)
(setvar "gridmode" 0))
(setvar "gridmode" 0)
)
(action_tile "accept" "(setvars) (done_dialog)")
(start_dialog)
(princ)
)

551

552

15

DCL: slider

, , ( ), , . ,
. , , . , ,
,
APERTURE. , , ,
, .
. . .
, . .

DCL: image
,
.
, ,
. image ,
.

min_value, max_value, small_


increment big_increment
min_value max_value
DCL: min_value max_value

min_value =2
max_value = 15

min_value max_value , (.. slider). , 2,


15. , slider
. min_value 0, max_value 10 000.

Dialog Control Language

553

small_increment big_increment
DCL: small_increment big_increment

small_increment = 1
big_increment = 10

, small_increment big_increment,
,
. , 1, ,
, 1. ,
slider , . , small_increment, (1/100)
, , big_increment,
(1/10) .

aspect_ratio color
aspect_ratio
DCL: aspect_ratio

aspect_ratio = 1

aspect _ ratio - .

(/).
, .
( ), aspect_ratio. ,
5, (.. aspect_ratio)
0,5, 2,5 ( = ). .

color
DCL: color

color = 2

,

. ,
, AutoCAD.
( 2).
, , , vector_image.

554

15

7
DCL ,
(. 15.15).

. 15.15. 7

, . 15.16, .
: (Min ... Max) .
.
OK Cancel. . 15.16,
(Aperture Size) (Select Aperture).

. 15.16. , 7

DCL 7.
, .
aprtsize : dialog {
label = "Aperture Size";
: boxed_row {
label = "Select Aperture";
: column {
fixed_width = true;
: text {
label = "Min Max";
alignment = centered;
}
: slider {

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

555

Dialog Control Language


key = "aperture_slider";
min_value = 2;
max_value = 17;
width = 15;
height = 1;
big_increment = 1;
fixed_width = true;
fixed_height = true;
}
}
: image {
key = "aperture_image";
aspect_ratio = 1;
width = 5;
color = 2;
}
}
ok_cancel;
}

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

11 12
: slider {
key = "aperture_slider";

, (: slider), ( slider). , ,
. (key = "aperture_slider") slider
aperture_slider.

13 14
min_value = 2;
max_value = 17;

min_value,
, slider. , max_value , . ,
2, 17.

1517
width = 15;
height = 1;
big_increment = 1;

slider.
(big_increment = 1;) , .

556

15

22 23
: image {
key = "aperture_image";

, (: image), .
aperture_image.

2426
aspect_ratio = 1;
width = 5;
color = 2;

(aspect_ratio = 1;) . (width = 5)


. 1,
5 (/ = ). (color = 2)
2 ().

AutoLISP
dimx_tile dimy_tile
AutoLISP dimx_tile
X (x_aperture), dimy_tile
Y (y_aperture).
"aperture_image" ,
key (key = "aperture_image").
: (dimx_tile tilename) (dimy_tile tilename)

(dimx_tile "aperture_image")
(dimy_tile "aperture_image")

vector_image
AutoLISP vector_image ( ) . ,
vector_image. AutoCAD
1,1 3,3 ( 1).
: (vector_image x1 y1 x2 y2 )

(vector_image 1 1 3 3 1)

1 1 X Y ;
3 3 X Y ;
1 AutoCAD.

Dialog Control Language

557

fill_image
AutoLISP fill_image
, , ,
.
(
2). (x1 y1) (x2 y2)
.
: (fill_image x1 y1 x2 y2 )

(fill_image 0 0 x_aperture y_aperture)

start_image
AutoLISP start_image , . "aperture_image"
key (key = "aperture_image").
: (start_image)

(start_image "aperture_image")

end_image
AutoLISP end_image , end_image. ,
, "aperture_image".
: (end_image)

(end_image "aperture_image")

558

15

$value
$value AutoLISP, , (, ). 8, $value , setq
aprt_size.
: $value

(setq aprt_size $value)

8
AutoLISP,
, 7 (. . 15.15), . -
. 15.17 15.18.

. 15.17. - 8

AutoLISP 8. , .
;;APRTSIZE.LSP, AutoLISP
;;Aperture Size. DCL APRTSIZE.DCL.
;
(defun c:aprtsize ()
(setq dcl_id (load_dialog "aprtsize"))
(new_dialog "aprtsize" dcl_id)
;
; "aperture",
; X Y
; .

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

559

Dialog Control Language


(setq aprt_size (getvar "aperture"))
(if (> aprt_size 15)
(setq aprt_size 15)
)
(setq x_aperture (dimx_tile "aperture_image"))
(setq y_aperture (dimy_tile "aperture_image"))
(set_tile "aperture_slider" (itoa aprt_size))
(setq x1 (- (/ x_aperture 2) aprt_size"))
(setq x2 (+ (/ x_aperture 2) aprt_size"))
(setq y1 (- (/ y_aperture 2) aprt_size"))
(setq y2 (+ (/ y_aperture 2) aprt_size"))
(start_image "aperture_image")
(fill_image 0 0 x_aperture y_aperture)
(vector_image x1 y1 x2 y1 1)
(vector_image x2 y1 x2 y2 1)
(vector_image x2 y2 x1 y2 1)
(vector_image x1 y2 x1 y1 1)
(end_image)
(action_tile "aperture_slider"
"(draw_size (setq aprt_size (atoi $value)))")
(action_tile "accept" "(do_setvars)(done_dialog)")
(start_dialog)
(princ)
)
; "aperture" aprt_size
(defun do_setvars ()
(setvar "aperture" aprt_size)
)
;
; X Y
; .
(defun draw_size (aprt_size)
(setq x1 (- (/ x_aperture 2) aprt_size"))
(setq x2 (+ (/ x_aperture 2) aprt_size"))
(setq y1 (- (/ y_aperture 2) aprt_size"))
(setq y2 (+ (/ y_aperture 2) aprt_size"))
(start_image "aperture_image")
(fill_image 0 0 x_aperture y_aperture)
(vector_image x1 y1 x2 y1 1)
(vector_image x2 y1 x2 y2 1)
(vector_image x2 y2 x1 y2 1)
(vector_image x1 y2 x1 y1 1)
(end_image)
)

1113
(setq aprt_size (getvar "aperture"))
(if (> aprt_size 15)
(setq aprt_size 15)
)

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54

560

15

. 15.18. AutoCAD , 8

AutoLISP getvar aperture, setq aprt_size. , (if (> aprt_size 15),


, aprt_size 15. ,
(setq aprt_size 15),
aprt_size 15.
, aperture
15, 15.

Dialog Control Language

561

15 16
(setq x_aperture (dimx_tile "aperture_image"))
(setq y_aperture (dimy_tile "aperture_image"))

AutoLISP dimx_tile
( X), setq x_aperture. dimy_tile, , ( Y).

17
(set_tile "aperture_slider" (itoa aprt_size))

AutoLISP i t o a
aprt_size , set_tile "aperture_slider". "aperture_slider",
DCL, slider.

1821
(setq
(setq
(setq
(setq

x1
x2
y1
y2

((+
((+

(/
(/
(/
(/

x_aperture
x_aperture
y_aperture
y_aperture

2)
2)
2)
2)

aprt_size"))
aprt_size"))
aprt_size"))
aprt_size"))

X .

x_aperture 2, aprt_size.
aprt_size ,
aperture.
,
. X .

Y .

22 23
(start_image
(fill_image 0 0 x_aperture y_aperture)

start_image aperture_image,
DCL. fill_image ( 2) .

27 28
(vector_image x1 y2 x1 y1 1)
(end_image)

AutoLISP vector_image (), (x1, y2) , (x1, y1).


end_image .

562

15

2931
(action_tile "aperture_slider"
"(draw_size (setq aprt_size (atoi $value)))")
(action_tile "accept" "(do_setvars)(done_dialog)")

$value , slider, atoi .


draw_size . , DCL,
aperture_slider. do_setvars . draw_size do_setvars
AutoLISP.

36 37
(defun do_setvars ()
(setvar "aperture" aprt_size)

defun do_setvars. setvar


aperture , aprt_size.

42 43
(defun draw_size (aprt_size)
(setq x1 (- (/ x_aperture 2) aprt_size))

draw_size aprt_size,
.


.
1. , (DCL), . (/)
2. DCL . (/)
3. , , AutoCAD. (/)
4. . (/)
5. , DCL, ,
. (/)
6. , DCL, . (/)
7. , , , . (/)
8. is_default, true. (/)
9. load_dialog .
(/)

Dialog Control Language

563

10. , , . (/)
11. , ,
. (/)
12.
. (/)
13. ( ) .
(/)
14. . (/)
15.
. (/)
16. width . (/)
17. slider . (/)
18. . (/)
19. color
. (/)
20. vector_image
. (/)
21. $value , . (/)
22. , ,
, ________, AutoCAD.
23. ________ , .
24. ________
.
25. , ,
, ________.
26. ________ .
27. , , ________.
28. AutoLISP ________
.
29. AutoLISP ________ ,
.
30. AutoLISP ________
.
31. AutoLISP ________
AND ().
32. edit_width , ________.

564

15

33. image () ________ .


34. , max_value, ________.
35. , big_increment, ___
_____ .
36. AutoLISP ________ .

1 ()
(DCL),
, . 15.19. AutoLISP,
, , .

. 15.19. ,

2 ()
DCL Isometric Snap/Grid,
. 15.20. AutoLISP, ,
, .

. 15.20. Isometric Snap/Grid

Dialog Control Language

565

3 ()
DCL ,
(. 15.21). AutoLISP,
,
. ,
, , .

. 15.21. ,

4 ()
DCL , (. 15.22).
AutoLISP, ,
, .

. 15.22. ,

16

DIESEL:


, :
DIESEL
;
MODEMACRO;
DIESEL;
AutoLISP MODEMACRO.

568

16

DIESEL:
DIESEL (Direct Interactively Evaluated String Expression Language)
. , () , MODEMACRO. ,
.
DIESEL ,
AutoCAD. , DIESEL
, AutoLISP DCL. , AutoLISP MODEMACRO MODEMACRO .
DIESEL,
.


AutoCAD
(. 16.1). , AutoCAD.
, . ,
, GRID ().
, MODEL/PAPER
(/). :



. 16.1. ,

. , , . ,
, . ,
( ) AutoCAD
, ().
AutoCAD ( ).
, .
SNAP. SNAP ()
( ) (

).

DIESEL:

569

GRID. GRID ()
, .
ORTHO. ORTHO () .
, .
POLAR. POLAR (-)
, Polar Tracking (
) Drafting Settings ( ).
OSNAP. OSNAP ()
.
. OSNAP
(Off (.) On (.)) .
OTRACK. OTRACK (-) , AutoCAD ,
.
LWT. LWT () . , .
MODEL/PAPER. MODEL/PAPER (/) . , MODEL.
PAPER.

MODEMACRO
MODEMACRO
. , , DIESEL. (
.) MODEMACRO
AutoCAD, -
, MODEMACRO SETVAR. , , Customization AutoCAD. SETVAR
<Enter>.
, MODEMACRO <Enter> .
, . Customization AutoCAD <Enter>,
.
Command: MODEMACRO

: MODEMACRO

Command: SETVAR
Variable name or ?: MODEMACRO

570

16

Enter new value for MODEMACRO, or . for none <"">:


Customization AutoCAD

: SETVAR
?: MODEMACRO
MODEMACRO (.), <"">:
Customization AutoCAD

MODEMACRO , ,
.
Command: MODEMACRO
Enter new value for MODEMACRO, or . for none <"">:
Customization AutoCAD

: MODEMACRO
MODEMACRO (.), <"">:
Customization AutoCAD

MODEMACRO ,
, . ,
Enter new value for MODEMACRO, or . for none <"">:
(.). , MODEMACRO,
, .
Command: MODEMACRO
Enter new value for MODEMACRO, or . for none <"">: .


, ,
: .
: Snap (), Grid (), Ortho (), Polar
Tracking ( ), Object Snap ( ), Object Tracking
( ), Lineweight ( ) Model Space (
) (. . 16.1). X, Y Z, .
,
MODEMACRO . , ,
, AutoCAD. , ,
AutoCAD.
.
, , .
, ,
. , - , . , (DIMSTYLE). , ,

DIESEL:

571

, (TEXTSTYLE) (TEXTSIZE).
(VIEWDIR).
, . ,
, , , . AutoCAD
, .

, DIESEL
MODEMACRO ,
, DIESEL.
DIESEL AutoLISP, . ,
AutoLISP (getvar dwgname).
DIESEL
$(getvar,dwgname). , , AutoLISP, . DIESEL
:
$(_, 1, 2, ...)

$(getvar,dwgname)

getvar DIESEL, dwgname . ,


DIESEL, . , ($)
, dwgname. ($).
DIESEL
MODEMACRO .

1
MODEMACRO,
:
(Cust-Acad);
(DEMO);
(OBJ).
, Cust-Acad,
DEMO, OBJ.
MODEMACRO, . , (Cust-Acad) ,
. .
getvar,
: $(getvar,dwgname). getvar

572

16

$(getvar,clayer). , , MODEMACRO. DIESEL:


Command: MODEMACRO
Enter new value for MODEMACRO, or . for none <"">: Cust-Acad
N:$(GETVAR,dwgname)L:$(GETVAR,clayer)

Cust-Acad

Cust-Acad , .
N:$(GETVAR,dwgname)

N: , . getvar ,
dwgname, , N:.
L:$(GETVAR,clayer)

L: , .
getvar ,
dwgname, .
. 16.2.


. 16.2. , 1

2
MODEMACRO, ,
(. 16.3):
;
;
, .
, TSTYLE:, TSIZE: ETM: .
Command: MODEMACRO
Enter new value for MODEMACRO, or . for none <"">:
TSTYLE:$(GETVAR,TEXTSTYLE) TSIZE:$(GETVAR,TEXTSIZE) ETM:
$(FIX,$(*,60,$(*,24,$(GETVAR,TDUSRTIMER))))

DIESEL:

573

TSTYLE:$(GETVAR,TEXTSTYLE)

getvar , TEXTSTYLE, ,
TSTYLE:.
TSIZE:$(GETVAR,TEXTSIZE)

getvar , TEXTSIZE, ,
TSIZE:.




( )

. 16.3. , 2

ETM:$(FIX,$(*,60,$(*,24,$(GETVAR,TDUSRTIMER))))

getvar
TDUSRTIMER. :
< >.< >

0,03206400 ( )

, , , TDUSRTIMER, 24 (
). , 60
( ).
, , FIX.

, , TDUSRTIMER, 0,03206400. , .
, , .
0,03206400 24 = 0,769536 ;
0,769536 60 = 46,17216 ;
46,17216 = 46.

574

16

MODEMACRO
AutoLISP
DIESEL ( 1 2).
, .
, , DIESEL.
.
,
DIESEL, AutoLISP. ,
DIESEL.
AutoLISP DIESEL, MODEMACRO.

3
AutoLISP, , MODEMACRO,
:
;
;
, .
, , , TSTYLE:, TSIZE: ETM: .
AutoLISP 3.
etm.lsp. , .
(defun c:etm()
(setvar "MODEMACRO"
(strcat
"TSTYLE:$(gertvar,textstyle)"
"TSIZE:$(getvar,textsize)"
"ETM:$(fix,#(*,60,$(*,24,
$(getvar,tdusrtimer))))
)
)
)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

3
(strcat

AutoLISP strcat ,
47, , DIESEL,
MODEMACRO.

DIESEL:

575

4
"TSTYLE:$(gertvar,textstyle)"

DIESEL,
gertvar, textstyle $(gertvar,textstyle) . , STANDARD TSTYLE:
STANDARD. .

6 7
"ETM:$(fix,#(*,60,$(*,24,
$(getvar,tdusrtimer))))"

, , ETM: , . fix DIESEL,


.
AutoLISP ( etm.lsp), . ().
Command: (load "ETM")
ETM
Command: ETM


DIESEL
DIESEL , ,
.
MODEMACRO , . DIESEL .

4
, DIESEL,
(. 16.4).
_1

_2

_3

Dimtad ( )

Dimtix ( )

Dimscale (
)

,
DIESEL. , MENU,
. (DIESEL1)
.

576

16

***MENUGROUP=MENU1
***POP1
[*DIESEL*]
[DIESEL1:]^C^CMODEMACRO;$M=CustAcad,N:$(GETVAR,DWGNAME),+
L:$(GETVAR,CLAYER);
[DIESEL2:]^C^CMODEMACRO;$M=PLWID:$(GETVAR,PLINEWID),+
FRAD:$(GETVAR,FILLETRAD),OFFSET:$(GETVAR,OFFSETDIST),+
LTSCLAE:$(GETVAR,LTSCALE);
[DIESEL3:]^C^CMODEMACRO;$M=DTAD:S(GETVAR,DIMTAD),+
DTIX:$(GETVAR,DIMTIX),DSCALE:$(GETVAR,DIMSCALE);

. 16.4. 4

MACROTRACE
MACROTRACE AutoCAD,
DIESEL. 0 (Off).

MACROTRACE 1 (On). MACROTRACE DIESEL
. , DIESEL,
.

DIESEL:

577

Command: MACROTRACE
Enter new value for MODEMACRO, or . for none <"">:
$(getvar,dwgname),$(getvar clayer)

, getvar
clayer. , ..
MACROTRACE 1, :
Eval: $(GETVAR,DWGNAME)
====>UNNAMED
Eval: $(GETVAR,CLAYER)
Err: $(GETVAR,CLAYER)??

. ,
DIESEL (unnamed), .
DIESEL. ,
.

$?
$?(func,??)
$(func)??
$(++)

DIESEL
DIESEL, AutoLISP, ,

. , , ,
. , . , DIESEL, 10.
.
DIESEL.


: $(+,1,2,3,...)
(+) , (+).
.

$(+,2,5)
$(+,2,5,50.75)

7
57.75

, DIESEL MODEMACRO.

578

16

Command: MODEMACRO
Enter new value for MODEMACRO, or . for none <"">: $(+,2,5)

AutoCAD 7, . , ,
DIESEL, .


: $(-,1,2,3,...)
(-) .
, .

$(-,28,14)
$(-,25,7,11.5)

14
6.5


: $(*,1,2,3,...)
(*) , .

$(*,2,5)
$(*,2,5,3.0)
$(*,2,5,3.25)

10
30
32.5


: $(/,1,2,3,...)
(/) .
, .

$(/,3,2)
$(/,3.0,2,)
$(/,200,5,4)
$(/,200.0,5.5)
$(/,200,-5)
$(/,-200,-5.0)

1.5
1.5
10
36.36363636
40
40


DIESEL , . true (), ; false (),
. , DIESEL.


: $(=,1,2)

DIESEL:

579

(=) . , 1. , 0.

$(=,5,5)
$(=,5,4.9)
$(=,5,-5)

1
0
0


: $(!=,1,2)
(!=) . ,
1.
0.

$(!=,50,4)
$(!=,50,50)
$(!=,50,-50)

1
0
1


: $(<,1,2)
(<) . (1) ,
(2), .. , 1.
0.

$(<,3,5)
$(<,5,3)
$(<,3,0.5)

1
1
1


: $(<=,1,2)
(<=) . (1) (2), 1.
, 0.

$(<=,10,15)
$(<=,19,10)
$(<=,-2.0,0)

1
0
1


: $(>,1,2)
(>) (1)
(2), 1. ,
0.

$(>,15,10)
$(>=,20,30)

1
0

580

16


: $(>=,1,2)
(>=) (1)
(2), 1. ,
0.

$(>=,78,50)
$(>=,78,88)

1
0

eq
: $(eq,1,2)
(eq) , , 1. , 0.

$(eq,5,5)
$(eq,yes,yes)
$(eq,yes,no)

1
1
0

angtos
: $(angtos, [,,])
angtos , , .
.

$(angtos,0.588003,0,4)
$(angtos,-1.5708,1,2)

33.6901
270d0'

AutoCAD :
angtos
0
1
2
3
4



//

(precision) , .
AUPREC.
precision 0, 4.

eval
: $(eval,)
eval DIESEL, , ,
.

$(eval,welcome)
$(eval,$(getvar,dimscale))

welcome
, dimscale

DIESEL:

581

x
: $(fix,)
fix , ,
.

$(fix,42.573)
$(fix,-23.50)

42
23

getvar
: $(getvar,_)
getvar
AutoCAD.

$(getvar,dimtad)
$(getvar,clayer)

dimtad

rtos
: $(rtos,) $(rtos,,,)
rtos .
.

$(rtos,50)
$(rtos,1.5,5,4)

50
1

AutoCAD :

0
1
2
3
4

(precision) , .
LUPREC, LUNITS.
, AutoCAD LUNITS LUPREC, UNITS.

if
: $(if,,then,else])
, , 0, if (then). 0, (else).

582

16

:
;
then , ,
, 0;
else , ,
, 0.

$(if,$(=,7,7),true)
$(if,$(=,5,7),true,false)
$(if,1.5,true,false)

"true"
"false"
"true"

strlen
: $(strlen,)
strlen , , .

$(strlen,Customizing AutoCAD)

19

upper
: $(upper,)
upper .

$(upper,customization)

CUSTOMIZATION

edtime
: $(edtime,,_)
edtime
. , ,
DATE, 2449013 . 85156759. edtime
. , edtime.

D
DD
DDD
DDDD
M
MO
MON
MONTH
YY
YYYY

5
05
Sat
Saturday
1
11
Apr
April
03
2003

H
HH
MM
SS
MSEC
AM/PM
am/pm
A/P
a/p

2
02
23
12
325
PM
am
P
P

DIESEL:

583

$(edtime,$(getvar,date),DDDD","DD MONTH YY - HH:MMAM/PM)

"Monday,28 April 03 - 08:52PM"


getvar (.. ), edtime
.
, edtime.
DDDD","DD MONTH YY - HH:MMAM/PM,

:
DDDD
,
DD
MONTH
YY
HH
MM
AM/PM

Monday
,
28
April
03
08
52
PM



1. DIESEL (Direct Interactively Evaluated String Expression Language)
. (/)
2. MODEMACRO , .
(/)
3. DIESEL . (/)
4. , , . (/)
5. MODEMACRO ,
, . (/)
6. , ,
38. (/)
7. . (/)
8. MODEMACRO ,
, DIESEL.
(/)
9. DIESEL $(getvar,dwgname). (/)
10. DIESEL AutoLISP . (/)

584

16


11. ________.
12. DDD Monday
________.
13. DIESEL $(upper,AutoCAD) ________.
14. DIESEL $(strlen,AutoCAD) ________.
15. DIESEL $(if,$(=,3,2),yes,no) ________.
16. DIESEL $(fix,-17.75) ________.
17. DIESEL $(eq,Customizing,customizing) ________.
18. DIESEL $(/81,9,9) ________.
19. MACROTRACE ________ DIESEL.

1 ()
MODEMACRO,
:
;
.

2 ()
MODEMACRO,
:
;
( dimscale);
, .
, DIMS:, DIMFAC:
ETH:, .

3 ()
AutoLISP,
:
;
( dimscale);
, .

17

Visual Basic


, :
VBA;
Visual Basic Editor;
AutoCAD;
;
AutoCAD.

586

17

Visual Basic
BASIC 1963 . , BASIC
(Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) . 1970- . BASIC Windows 1991
Visual Basic (VB).
. , ,

(GUI), .
, , , ,
.
Visual Basic , , BASIC. , , . , -,
Visual Basic .

Visual Basic
Autodesk Microsoft Visual
Basic for Application (VBA) AutoCAD 14.0. ,
VBA , . VBA
, Visual Basic.
, Microsoft Office,
VBA AutoCAD,
.
VBA , Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Word, Microsoft Access Visual Basic, ActiveX Automation. Microsoft
. ActiveX Automation
AutoCAD Microsoft Excel , ActiveX.
Excel -
AutoCAD. AutoLISP, , . AutoCAD ,
ActiveX, , AutoCAD,
, Object Library.
Visual Basic , BASIC.
, BASIC
, , AutoLISP.

.

Visual Basic

587

AutoCAD ,
, . , .

VBA AutoCAD
Visual Basic , ( .exe).
, , .
VBA . , , ,
,
. , ,
.
, VBA, , , .
AutoCAD , ,
. (IDE Integrated Development Environment).
.

Visual Basic Editor


Visual Basic Editor ,
. , , . Visual Basic, Tools Macros Visual Basic Editor
( Visual Basic). Visual
Basic, . 17.1. Visual Basic Editor (IDE Integrated Development Environment).
, . 17.1, UserForm ( )
Insert ().
.

Project Explorer
Project Explorer ,
, . , ,
. . Project
Explorer, . 17.2, : AutoCAD Objects (
AutoCAD), Forms () Modules (). AutoCAD Objects
ThisDrawing, AutoCAD. Forms Visual Basic, . , Modules
, . , ,
. ,
Project Explorer .

588

17

. 17.1. Visual Basic Editor, Project Explorer, Properties Module (Code),


UserForm Toolbox

. 17.2. Project Explorer

Forms Modules Project Explorer, Insert.


Project Explorer , Project Explorer (
Standard ().

),

Project Explorer ,
Module (Code), . ,
, ,
, Project Explorer, View Code. User form (Code).

Visual Basic

589

Properties ()
Properties () . Visual Basic
, . , , ,
.
, , , ,
, .
,
.
, Properties.
Properties (), . 17.3, , .
, . 17.3. Properties
()
. ,
. Properties , .

Module ()
Module () . , Module () Insert (). Module, . 17.4.
, . Module1.

. 17.4.

590

17

UserForm ( ) Toolbox ( )
UserForm, . 17.5, .
(, ,
..),
. , UserForm ( ) Insert (). ,
Toolbox, . 17.6. , , .

. 17.5.

. 17.6. Toolbox

Visual Basic
Visual Basic VBA. Visual Basic, . AutoCAD
(Application object) (Document object).


, , .
, , AutoCAD. , . Quit, ZoomAll, Runmacro
. Quit ; ZoomAll
.
Runmacro .
, .
,
, ,
.
, .

Visual Basic

591


, , .
, AutoCAD,
, AutoCAD. , .
.
1. Count (), , ( , ).
2. Add (), - () .
3. Close (), . - Items()
, :
Application.Documents.Item(1), 1 .
-, :
Application.Documents.Item(''), ( ).
, :
Documents.Open(_), _ .
, Activate() :
ThisDrawing.Application.Documents ("piston.dwg").Activate
piston.dwg , .
piston.dwg
Visual Basic ThisDrawing.
.


AutoCAD VBA.
VBA .
, AutoCAD . , , .
, , :
1) ;
2) ;
3) .
VBA
. , VBA:
Application.ActiveDocument.ModelSpace.AddArc(Start, End, Angle)

, Application.ActiveDocument ThisDrawing. :
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddArc(Start, End, Angle)

592

17

, ,
, , , .
Visual Basic
( , ),
Windows.
, Toolbox , .
. Toolbox , ,
,
-. , ,
- (OOP Object-Oriented Programming),
, , ++, Visual Basic. ,
Visual Basic , - .
, , .
( ) AutoCAD , ,
. , AddLine . , ,
. , Line,
, Color (), Layer
(), Linetype ( ) Start X ( ).

Add
, Add, AddCircle, AddLine AddText.

, . , ,
. ,
, ,
. .

AddCircle
AddCircle . .
AutoCAD ,
, , ,
, . VBA, , AddCircle.

Visual Basic

593

AddCircle :
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddCircle ,

Set Circle1 = ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddCircle(, )

, ;
, .

ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddCircle(cnt1,10)

cnt1
10. cnt1 .
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddCircle(0,1,3, 8)


(0,1,3) 8.

, AddCircle,
. ,
( ), ,
, . point1 point2 , /
. , 1 . 19.
Basic (#) .
4,94065645841247E-324 1,79769313486232E308
1,79769313486232E308 4,94065645841247E-324.

ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddCircle point1, 3#
Set Circle2 = ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddCircle(point2, 4#)

AddLine
AddLine
, . AddLine :
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine 1, 2

1 , ;
2 , .

ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine(x1,x2)

, x1 x2
(x1 x2 , ).

594

17

ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine(0,1,1, 5,8,0)

,
(0,1,1) (5,8,0).

Add, , AddLine ( - Add) ,


, . Add,
Dim General.

ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine point1, point2


Set Line = ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine(point1, point2)

AddArc
AddArc :
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddArc , , _, _

, ;
, ;
_ , ; ;
_ , ; .

ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddArc point1, 4#, 0#, 1.570796327


ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddArc(cnt1, rad, ang1, ang2)

cnt1
rad. ang1, ang2.
.
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddArc(0,0,0, 8, 3.4, 1.453)

AddText
AddText , . AddText :
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddText _, 1, _

_ , ;
1 , ;
_ , .

ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddText ".063 TYP, 4 Places", point1, 0.25#

Visual Basic

595


(IDE) , , AddLine,
AddCircle , . Visual
Basic, HelpMicrosoft Visual Basic Help.
AutoCAD 2004 Visual Basic, VBA,
AutoCAD, Excel, Word PowerPoint.
AutoCAD 2004 Developer Help Help. . 17.7 ActiveX and VBA
Developers Guide.

. 17.7. ActiveX and VBA Developers Guide


AutoCAD
Visual Basic Editor. , , , VBA
ActiveX Automation. Index
() Search (),

596

17

. VBA
,
Object Browser. Visual Basic
ViewObject Browser. AutoCAD, ,
, AcadModelSpace,
. 17.8.
<F1>, ModelSpace Collection,
,
.

. 17.8. Object Browser

VBA
VBA AutoCAD, ToolsMacroVisual Basic Editor ( Visual
Basic), . 17.9.
, (IDE
Integrated Development Environment), , . IDE
.
VBA .
, Save ()
File (). <Alt> , , . AutoCAD VBA
.dvb.

Visual Basic

597

. 17.9. Visual Basic Editor Tools ()

1
, (5,5,0) 2 (. 17.10). . 17.11.

. 17.10. 1

. 17.11.

598

17

1. AutoCAD , Start from


Scratch ( ) (
).
2. ToolsMacroVisual Basic Editor (
Visual Basic).
3. InsertModule (). , , Restore
Window ( ), .
4. , InsertUserForm
().
Module1 UserForm1.
5. ,
. ,
, , Toolbox.
. 17.12,
( ).
. 17.12. Toolbox,
6. UserForm

CommandButton . Properties (),
. Draw Circle,
First Circle.
, , , Visual Basic, . , , . , ,

CommandButton1_Click(). , Visual Basic - . , 117 .
Visual Basic, 1.
( ). 4
, . , , ,
.


' UserForm1 2
' (5,5,0).
' , Draw Circle
Private Sub CommandButton1_Click()
Dim CenterPoint(0 To 2) As Double
Dim Radius As Double
'
CenterPoint(0) = 5
CenterPoint(1) = 5

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

599

Visual Basic
CenterPoint(2) = 0
Radius = 2
' OLE
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddCircle CenterPoint, Radius
Unload Me
End Sub

11
12
13
14
15
16
17

13
,
. .
Rem ('). .

4
Private Sub CommandButton1_Click()

Sub CommandButton1_Click(), CommandButton1. , . ,


VBA .

5 6
Dim CenterPoint(0 To 2) As Double
Dim Radius As Double

, AddCircle.

912
CenterPoint(0) = 5
CenterPoint(1) = 5
CenterPoint(2) = 0
Radius = 2

. X, Y Z.

15
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddCircle CenterPoint, Radius

AddCircle ModelSpace,
ThisDrawing. , AddCircle (CenterPoint).

, ,
.
.

600

17

16
Unload Me

UserForm1 AutoCAD.

17
End Sub

, 4, .

Module1
Module1.
' Module1
Sub DrawCircle()
UserForm1.Show
End Sub

1
2
3
4

24
Sub DrawCircle()
UserForm1.Show
End Sub

DrawCircle, Macro name ( ) Macros ().


, MacroMacros ()
Tools (). Module1.
Visual Basic Run
Sub/UserForm Run.
, Run Sub/UserForm,
Standard.

,
,
. VBA Get,
.

GetPoint
GetPoint X Y X, Y Z, . - .
, ,
.
GetPoint :
P = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint([], [])

Visual Basic

601

[] , ();
[] , ().
.

pnt1 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint("Enter 1st point")

. pnt1.
pnt2 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint("Enter 2nd point")

. pnt2.

GetDistance
GetDistance . . GetPoint.
GetDistance :
d = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetDistance([], [])

[] , ();
[] , ().

d1 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetDistance(cen, "Specify radius")

,
, . d1.
x = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetDistance(p1, "Specify the height")

,
. x.

GetAngle
GetAngle ( ) .
,
, . , AutoCAD
. GetAngle ,
, .

602

17

GetAngle :
ang = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetAngle([], [])

ang , ;
[] ();
[] ,
().

a1 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetAngle(, "Enter taper angle in degrees")

,
. , , a1.
ang3 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetAngle(p1, "Specify the center point")

, . ang3.

.
,
ANGBASE ANGDIR.
.
X ( , 3). X
ANGBASE, 0.
ANGBASE , 90- .
, , , , . , , ANGDIR. GetOrientation
, GetAngle, ANGBASE ANGDIR. , 3, ,
.

2
, P1, P2 P3,
. 17.13. GetPoint
AddLine. . 17.14 , .
1. AutoCAD , Start from
Scratch ( ) (
).
2. ToolsMacroVisual Basic Editor (
 Visual Basic).
3. InsertModule ().

603

Visual Basic

. 17.13. ,

. 17.14.

2

4. , InsertUserForm
().
5. , . 17.14. ,
Toolbox.
6. , , ,
.
2 , ,
, .
'
' , .
'
' Start.
' pnt1, pnt2 pnt3.
' ().
Private Sub CommandButton1_Click()
UserForm1.Hide
pnt1=ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint(,"Provide the First Point:")
' , GetPoint
' " "
pnt2 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint(pnt1, "Second Point?")
'
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine pnt1, pnt2
pnt3 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint(pnt2, "3rd Point?")
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine pnt2, pnt3
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine pnt3, pnt1
Unload Me
End Sub

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

604

17

16, 11 13
, . .
Rem (').
.

7
Private Sub CommandButton1_Click()

Sub CommandButton1_Click(), CommandButton1.

8
UserForm1.Hide

AutoCAD. UserForm, , , UserForm1. ,


8, UserForm1.Hide.

9, 12 15
pnt1 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint(, "Provide the First Point:")
pnt2 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint(pnt1, "Second Point?")
pnt3 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint(pnt2, "3rd Point?")

15 G e t P o i n t .
- . GetPoint
, ,
.

14, 16 17
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine pnt1, pnt2
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine pnt2, pnt3
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine pnt3, pnt1

AddLine , .
.

18 19
Unload Me
End Sub

UserForm1 ,
AutoCAD .

605

Visual Basic

Module2
Module2.
Option Explicit
Sub Triangle()
UserForm1.Show
End Sub

1
2
3
4

1
Option Explicit

. , , ,
. Variant.

24
Sub Triangle()
UserForm1.Show
End Sub

Triangle,
Macro name ( ) Macros ().
, MacroMacros () Tools
(). 14 Module2.
UserForm2. -, UserForm1, , ,
Module1 UserForm1, . 24 .

3
,
.
1. AutoCAD , Start from
Scratch ( ) (
).
2. ToolsMacroVisual Basic Editor (
 Visual Basic).
3. InsertModule (). , , Restore
Window, .
4. Properties Window,
Standard.
5. Properties , ,
CreateCylinder.

606

17

6. Properties CreateCylinder (Code) , .


7. CreateCylinder (Code) :
Public Sub DrawCylinder()
Dim cen As Variant
Dim r As Double
Dim h As Double
Dim cyl As Acad3Dsolid
cen = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint(, "Specify center point: ")
r = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetDistance(cen, "Specify radius: ")
h = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetDistance(, "Specify height: ")
Set cyl = ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddCylinder(cen, rad, ht)
ThisDrawing.SendCommand ("VPOINT -1,-1,1 SHADEMODE GOURAUD ")
ThisDrawing.SendCommand ("CHPROP ")
ThisDrawing.SendCommand ("LAST ")
ThisDrawing.SendCommand ("C RED ")
ThisDrawing.SendCommand ("UCSICON ")
ThisDrawing.SendCommand ("NOO ")
End Sub

8. Save (), Standard


(). Save As ( ).
cylinder.dvb.
9. VBA, View
AutoCAD.
10. Macros (), ToolsMacroMacros
().
11. Macro name ( ) Macro ()
.
12. Run.
13. , ,
, . , .
VBA . ()
.

PolarPoint AngleFromXAxis
PolarPoint
PolarPoint , ,
, .
:
P = ThisDrawing.Utility.PolarPoint (, , )

Visual Basic

607

, ;
, ;
, .

AngleFromXAxis
AngleFromXAxis ( ),
, . AngleFromXAxis :
ang = ThisDrawing.Utility.AngleFromXAxis(1, 2)

1 ;
2 .

1
, , (. 17.15). - .
,
, . , . 17.16.

. 17.15. , ,

. 17.16.

1

4
Visual Basic, (.. , P1 P2) (. 17.17). . (. 17.18)
TextBox. Toolbox.
1. Visual Basic.
2. ,
Insert.
3. , . 17.18, , Draw SAS Triangle.
.

608

17

. 17.17. ,
(SAS
Side Angle Side)

. 17.18.

3

4. ,
, ,
.
'
Const PI = 3.141592654
Public IncludedAngle As Double '-
Public Angle As Double '
Public Dist As Double '

1
2
3
4
5
6
' .
7
' "Draw SAS Triangle"
8
'
9
'
10
11
Private Sub CommandButton1_Click()
12
UserForm1.Hide
13
'p1 ;
14
'p2 ;
15
p1 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint(, "Enter or select 1st base point:") 16
p2 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint(p1, "Enter or select 2nd base point: ") 17
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine p1, p2 '
18
If TextBox1.Text = "" Then
19
Angle = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetAngle(p2, "Enter angle from horiz.
or select included angle: ")
20
Else
21
Angle = ThisDrawing.Utility.AngleFromXAxis(p1, p2) + IncludedAngle 22
End If
23
If TextBox2.Text = "" Then
24
Dist = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetDistance(p2, "Enter or select dist.
from base point: ")
25
End If
26
p3 = ThisDrawing.Utility.PolarPoint(p2, Angle, Dist)
27
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine p2, p3
28
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine p1, p3
29
Unload Me
30
End Sub
31
32

609

Visual Basic
Private Sub TextBox1_Change()
IncludedAngle = PI - Val(TextBox1.Text)*PI/180 '
End Sub
Private Sub TextBox2_Change()
Dist = Val(TextBox2.Text)
End Sub

33
34
35
36
37
38
39

2
Const PI = 3.141592654

pi (), .
.

35
Public IncludedAngle As Double
Public Angle As Double
Public Dist As Double

, , . , ,
(), . , Double, AutoCAD,
.

712
'
' "Draw SAS Triangle"
'
'
Private Sub CommandButton1_Click()

CommandButton1_
Click(), 12.
- .

13
UserForm1.Hide


AutoCAD. , AutoCAD
, ,
.

1417
'p1 ;
'p2 ;
p1 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint(, "Enter or select 1st base point: ")
p2 = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetPoint(p1, "Enter or select 2nd base point: ")

610

17

AutoCAD, , .

1923 3335
If TextBox1.Text = "" Then
Angle = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetAngle(p2, "Enter angle from horiz. or
select included angle: ")
Else
Angle = ThisDrawing.Utility.AngleFromXAxis(p1, p2) + IncludedAngle
End If
Private Sub TextBox1_Change()
IncludedAngle = PI - Val(TextBox1.Text)*PI/180
End Sub

If ... Then ... Else


TextBox1. UserForm ,
GetAngle.
, TextBox1_Change(), . , AngleFromXAxis, , .

2426
If TextBox2.Text = "" Then
Dist = ThisDrawing.Utility.GetDistance(p2, "Enter or select dist. from
base point: ")
End If


, GetDistance.

3739
Private Sub TextBox2_Change()
Dist = Val(TextBox2.Text)
End Sub

,
,
.

18, 28 29
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine p1, p2
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine p2, p3
ThisDrawing.ModelSpace.AddLine p1, p3

AddLine ,
.

611

Visual Basic

Module3
, Module3.
Option Explicit
Sub SAS()
UserForm1.Show
End Sub

1
2
3
4

2
VBA , (,
P1 P2) , . 17.19.
, . 17.20.

. 17.19. ,
.

. 17.20.

2

3
Visual Basic , (.. , P1 P2)
, . 17.21.
, . 17.22.

. 17.21. ,
.

. 17.22.

3

612

17


AutoCAD 2004/2006 , VBA.
AutoCAD, Sample/VBA,
.


. , .
1. AutoCAD ,
, . (IDE Integrated Development Environment).
(/)
2. Visual Basic, ToolsMacrosVisual
Basic Editor ( Visual Basic). (/)
3. Visual Basic VBA. (/)
4. , , . (/)
5. , ,
, , , . (/)
6. ?
() AddArc
() AddCircle

() AddLine
()

7. ?
() GetPoint
() GetAngle

() GetDistance
()

8. ?
() ActiveDocument
() Application

() AddMethod
()

9. , , ________ .
() (Star)
() (Blank)

() (Dot)
()

10. , AutoCAD Visual Basic, :


() Integrated Aided Environment
() Integrated Design Environment

() Integrated Using Environment


()

Visual Basic

613


.
1. ________ AutoCAD
Microsoft Excel , ActiveX.
2. AutoCAD , ActiveX, , AutoCAD, , ________.
3. Visual Basic ________ .
4. Visual Basic ________, - .
5. ________,
AutoCAD , , .
6. ________ ,
, .
7. Visual Basic Editor IDE (Integrated Development
Environment), ________.
8. ________ ( .dvb) , , ,
Visual Basic AutoCAD.
9. ________ , ,
, ,
.
10. ________ , GetPoint.
11. ________ X ( , 3)
.
12. ________ X Y X, Y Z,
.
13. ________ AutoCAD.
14. ________ , ,
,
.
15. ________
.
16. ________ ( ) .

614

17

4
Visual Basic, , (. 17.23).

. 17.23. ,

5
Visual Basic,
S, (. 17.24). X ANG. P1, S ANG.
AutoCAD.

. 17.24. S, ANG

Visual Basic

615

6
Visual Basic, , ,
N ,
S (. 17.25). .

. 17.25. N , S

7
Visual Basic,
, . 17.26. , ,
.
AutoCAD.

. 17.26. L R

616

17

8
Visual Basic, , . 17.27.
. AutoCAD.

. 17.27. ,

9
Visual Basic, , . 17.28. ,
, .
AutoCAD.
, D1 ( ).

. 17.28.

Visual Basic

617

10
Visual Basic, , . 17.29.

. 17.29.

11
Visual Basic, , . 17.30.

. 17.30.

618

17

1
Visual Basic,
( ), . 17.31.
P0, L1 L2 ID, OD HD.
AutoCAD.
DIS (DIS = 1,25*HD). ,
( ) HID, CEN.
, 0,75 .

. 17.31.

2
320 200 . Q,
. . 17.32, :
X = Q + 160, Z = 240 X, Y = 120 Z R = Z/4. 40 ,

20 . .

. 17.32.


1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 .

18


, :

();
AutoCAD;
;

DBCONNECT MANAGER;
;
;
AutoCAD SQL Environment (ASE)
Query Editor;
,
Link Select;
ASE AutoCAD.

620

18



,
. . , . , , . , .
, ,
. 18.1. ,
. , COMP_CFG,
CPU, HDRIVE RAM. , . , ,
. , .

. 18.1. ,

.
,
. , ,
-.


()
( ), . PARADOX, dBASE, INFORMIX
ORACLE.


,
(. 18.2 18.3).

. 18.2. (
)

621

. 18.3. ( )

. . 18.2
. , ,
. , COMP_CFG (1) PENTIUM350, 4300MB,
64MB .. .

() (. . 18.3).
HDRIVE, . ,
, .

AutoCAD
AutoCAD ,
, AutoCAD. (Links)
,
. , AutoCAD (Labels), , ,
. AutoCAD
:
1. DBCONNECT MANAGER, ,
AutoCAD.
2. External Configuration Utility,
AutoCAD .
3. Data View, , ,
AutoCAD.
4. Query Editor, , SQL. (SQL, Sructured Query Language, .)
5. Migration Tool, , ,
AutoCAD 2004/2006.

622

18

6. Link Select Operation,


, .


AutoCAD, ODBC (Open Database Connectivity) OLE
(OLE DB Object Linking and Embedding Database). AutoCAD
, ,
, .
, , .
, , . , ,
() ,
Windows. ,
, .
, AutoCAD 2004/2006, dBASE, Oracle, Microsoft Access, PARADOX, Microsoft Visual FoxPro, SQL Server.
,
, .

DBCONNECT MANAGER
:
ToolsdbConnect
: DBCONNECT

DBCONNECT MANAGER, . 18.4, dbConnect.
,
. DBCONNECT MANAGER
,
.
.
DBCONNECT MANAGER AutoCAD.
, .
Drawing . 18.4.
, .
DBCONNECT MANAGER
Data Source .
AutoCAD Microsoft
Access (jet_dbsamples.udl).
DBCONNECT MANAGER .

623

1

Microsoft Access . jet_dbsamples.udl, .
1. DBCONNECT MANAGER,
DBCON NECT.
dbConnect, ,
Modify Window.
2. DBCONNECT MANAGER Data Sources ( ),
jet_dbsamples. ,
. 18.5.
.
DBCONNECT MANAGER
Configure (),
. 18.5.
3. Data Link Properties ( ), Connection () (. 18.6).
4. [...],
Data Link Properties ( Connection) Select or enter
a database name ( ).
Select Access Database ( Access), . 18.7. db_samples ( .mdb)
Open ().

. 18.6. Data Link Properties

624

18

. 18.7. Select Access Database

Microsoft Jet, -
, .
, Data Link Properties, , AutoCAD.

5. , ,
Test Connection ( ). ,
Microsoft Data Link (
(Microsoft)), . 18.8.
. 18.8.
6. , OK, Microsoft Data Link
,
OK .
7. ,
jet_dbsamples DBCONNECT MANAGER. , .
.


DBCONNECT MANAGER , ,
AutoCAD. Data View ( ). , Read-only
( ). , . AutoCAD
.

625

Edit (). .

Read-only ( )
,
View Table ( ),
DBCONNECT MANAGER. View Table,
. View DataView
External Table (  ),
dbConnect. , , Read-only,
.

Edit ()
,
Edit Table ( ),
DBCONNECT MANAGER. Edit Table,

.
View DataEdit External Table (  ),
dbConnect.

db_samples.mdb \AutoCAD 2004\Samples.

2
Computer jet_dbsamples
. , , , .
1. DBCONNECT MANAGER, jet_dbsamples
Computer, , . Edit Table (
), . 18.9.
, .
2. Data View ( ), Computer.
, , ,
.
18.9. Edit
3. , - .
Table
.
Tag_Number 24675.
:

626

18
Manufacturer
Equipment_Description
Item_Type
Room

IBM
PIII/450, 4500GL, NETX
CPU
6035

4. Tag_Number 60298 Data View


(. 18.10) ,
:
Manufacturer
Equipment_Description
Item_Type
Room

CREATIVE
INFRA 6000, 40XR
CD DRIVE
6996

. 18.10. Data View

5. , ,
.
, Tag_Number,
Commit () . , , . ,
, . , ,
, . ,
Data View , ,
, .

, Restore () .



() , , AutoCAD. -

627

, .
, , ,
. .
,
Link Template ( ), ,
. ,
, Tag_Number,
Computer. . , .
. ,
, .

3
, Computer jet_dbsamples . Tag_Number.
1. , Computer.
2. DBCONNECT MANAGER.
jet_dbsamples Computer, ,
.
3. New Link Template ( ),
. 18.11, New Link Template (
). ,
New Link Template,
DBCONNECT MANAGER.
4. ComputerLink1.
, Continue (). Link Template ( ).
Tag_Number ,
, , .

. 18.11. New Link Template

628

18

. 18.12. Link Template

5. , . DBCONNECT MANAGER, .
6. , Data View (
) , Computer.
24675 ( Tag_Number),
().
7. Link!
(!) (. 18.13).
Link! (!), Data View.
8. , .
, .
,
.

. 18.13. Link!

629

9. , View Linked Objects


in Drawing ( ),
Data View ( ). .


Data View and Query Options
( ), . 18.14. ,
Data View and Query Options ( ),
Data View.

. 18.14. Data View and Query Options

, , , Automatically Pan Drawing ( ). ,


Automatically zoom drawing ( ), , Zoom factor ( ).
.
Record Indication Settings ( ).

Query Editor ( ) .


.
,
( Tag_Number) ( Room), . Link
Manager ( ).
.

630

18

4
Link Manager, ,
Computer, 24352 24675.
1. , Computer.
2. LinksLink Manager (
) . Link Manager
( ), . 18.15.
3. Column Values ( ), 24352
Value () .
4. (. 18.16) 24675 OK.
5. , OK, Link Manager.

. 18.15. Link Manager

. 18.16. Column Values


, . ,
. , . ,
, .
, .
, Labels (). .
, , ,
AutoCAD. .


AutoCAD. .

631


.
;
.
,
.
, Label Template
( ).
.

5
Computer
, :
) Tag_Number, Manufacturer Item_Type;
) 0.25, Times New Roman,
(Color 18), (Middle-left);
) (Middle Center),
X=1.5 Y=1.5.
1. , , - .
2. DBCONNECT MANAGER, Tools dbConnect
( dbConnect). Computer
jet_dbsamples.
3.
New Label Template ( ) . New Label Template ( ),
. 18.17. , New Label Template,
DBCONNECT MANAGER.
4. ComputerLabel1.
, Continue (),
New Label Template. Label
Template ( ).

. 18.17. New Label Template

632

18

5. Label Template Label Fields ( ). Field ()


Tag_Number, Manufacturer Item_Type ,
Add () (. 18.18).
6. Character ().
Times New Roman 0.25. , Color 18. Properties
() , Middle-left
(. 18.19).
7. Label Offset ( )
Middle center (-) Start: (:). Leader offset: ( :) X Y, 1.5 X: Y: (. 18.20).
OK.
8. , Computer DBCONNECT
MANAGER.
Edit Table ( ) .

. 18.18. Label Template ( Label Fields)

. 18.19. Label Template ( Properties)

. 18.20. Label Template ( Label Offset)

633

9. Data View ( ). ComputerLink1 (


) ComputerLabel1.
10. (), .
,
Links (), Create Attached Labels (
) (. 18.21).
Create Attached Label ( ),
Links (). , . .

. 18.21.

. Data View Create Freestanding Labels (


), .



. , , , .
, AutoCAD.
1. , , .
LabelReload ()
.
2.
, .


,
AutoCAD. , ,
, , . AutoCAD , -

634

18

, . , .
1. Export Template Set ( ),
TemplatesExport Template Set ( )
dbConnect. Look In (),
, .
2. File Name ( )
, Save ().
.
1. Import Template Set ( ),
TemplatesImport Template Set ( )
dbConnect (. 18.22).
2. , Open
().

. 18.22.

,
, , .

(ASE)
SQL (Structured Query Language ) ,
, . SQL (ASE AutoCAD
SQL Environment) , .
. ,
. ().

635

. , ASE , .
ASE, AutoCAD.
, AutoCAD 2004/2006 (SQL). , ,
25 . ,
Query Editor, , , .

AutoCAD
AutoCAD ,
.
. , SQL, Quick Query Range Query,
.
,
, . , Quick Query, ,
Query Builder. , ,
, . . , .
. ,
AutoCAD , , ,
. Query Editor
.

Quick Query
, , .
, , Item_Type
CPU.

Range Query
,
, . , , Room 6050,
6150.

Query Builder
, , . , , Item_Type
CPU, Room 6050.

636

18

SQL Query
, SQL 92. , ,
Item_Type, Room Tag_Number, :
Item_Type = 'CPU' And Room >= 6050 And Room <= 6150 And Tag_Number > 26072

6 , Query Editor.

6
Computer
SQL, Query Editor.
1. DBCONNECT MANAGER,
Computer New Query (
). New Query ( ), . 18.23. New Query, DBCONNECT MANAGER.

. 18.23. New Query

2. ComputerQuery1. , Continue (),


New Query ( ). Query
Editor ( ).
3. Quick Query (. 18.24), Item_Type
Field (), = Equel
Operator () CPU Value ().
, Look up value ( )
Column Values (
). , Store ().

, Execute (),
Query Editor. , ,
.

637

. 18.24. Query Editor ( Quick Query)

4. Range Query (. 18.25) Room Field (). 6050 From ()


6150 Through (). ,
Look up value ( ) Column Values ( ). ,
Store ().
5. Query Builder Item_Type
Show Fields ( ), Fields in table:
( :) Add (). Operator (), Value (), Logical
() , . 18.26.
. , Store ().
6. SQL Query,
.
, .
. Computer Table (),
Tag_Number Fields (), >= Greater than or equal to
(>= ) Operator () 26072 Values ().
, [...],
(. 18.27). , Store
().
7. SQL, Check
(). Information,
. Data View,
, ,
Execute ().

638

18

. 18.25. Query Editor ( Range Query)

. 18.26. Query Editor ( Query Builder)

. 18.27. Query Editor ( SQL Quick)

639

, , .

SQL
, , , - . AutoCAD
, .
, .

ToolsdbConnect (dbConnect) dbConnect. ,


MENULOAD. Menu Customization ( ).
Menu Group ( ), Browse ()
, , Support.
dbcon.mnu Open (). Load
(), Menu Customization.
Menu Bar ( ) dbConnect Menu Group ( ). dbConnect
Menus () Insert ().
.

,
.
1. Export Query Set ( ),
QueriesExport Query Set ( )
dbConnect. Look In (), ,
.
2. File Name ( )
, Save ().
.
1. Import Query Set ( ),
QueriesImport Query Set ( )
dbConnect (. 18.22).
2. , Open
().
,
, AutoCAD ,
.



AutoCAD , , - . , -

640

18

,

Computer, ,
.
, .

, AutoCAD ,
Link Select,
Query . 18.28.

Editor. AutoCAD.
.
, . .
. . 18.28.

, .
Link Select ( ).


. ,
.

.
, , .



.
(Link Select)
, . , , .

641

, Link Select, .
1. Link Select ( ), LinksLink
Select ( ) dbConnect (. 18.29).

. 18.29. Link Select

2. , Select () Do (). Using


() .
3. , , Use Query ( ) Select in
Drawing < ( ).
4. , Execute
(). ,
Select ().
5. Select () Do
().
6. , , . 24, , Finish ().

, Use Query ( ).
, , Select in Drawing < ( ).
Data View ( ), Indicate records in data view ( ).
Indicate objects in drawing ( ),
AutoCAD .

642

18

ASE AutoCAD 2000



AutoCAD 2000 , . AutoCAD 2004/2006, AutoCAD 2000
.
AutoCAD 2004/2006, ,
. ,
, AutoCAD .
, AutoCAD 2004/2006, Link Conversation. AutoCAD asi.ini
.
AutoCAD R13 R14 AutoCAD 2000 ,
.
1. Link Conversation, . 18.30, Link Conversation dbConnect.
2. Old Link Format, :
(R12 R13/R14);
Environment (), Catalog (), Schema () Table ();
, .

. 18.30. Link Conversation

643

3. New Link Format, :


AutoCAD 2004/2006 (, jet_dbsamples);
Environment (), Catalog (), Schema () Table ();
AutoCAD 2004/2006.
4. , Apply (),
OK.

AutoCAD 2004/2006
R13/R14
, AutoCAD 2004/2006, R13 R14 ( R12 AutoCAD 2004/2006 ). , , Save As ( )
(R13 R14). AutoCAD ,
, .


,
.
1. ________.
2. () ________.
3. ____.
4.
AutoCAD. (/)
5. Data View , ,
. (/)
6. AutoCAD
. (/)
7. , , AutoCAD
________.
8. AutoCAD : ______ ______.
9. AutoCAD , . (/)
10. ASE ________.


.
1. SQL , . (/)
2. .
3. ?
4. ()?
5. ________.
6. ________.

644

18

7. _____________
, .
8. .
________.
9. Query Editor , ________, ________, ________ ________.
10. , ,
, . (/)
11. , Query Editor. (/)
12. (Link Select) ______ Query Editor,
, AutoCAD .
13. AutoCAD
________.
14. , AutoCAD 2004/2006, ________
R12.

1 ()
, DBCONNECT MANAGER,
Employee jet_dbsamples
(EMP_ID = 1006, Keyser). ,
.
, , :
EMP_ID
LAST_NAME
FIRST_NAME
Gender
TITLE
Department
ROOM

1064
Joel
Billy
M
Marketing Execute
Marketing
6071

2 ()
Inventory jet_dbsamples SQL, Query Editor. :
1. Furniture.
2. 200 650.
3. Office master.


1 , 2 , 3 dbConnect, 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8
, , 9 , 10 AutoCAD SQL Environment.

19


, :
;
, ,
;
;
,
;
;
AutoLISP .

646

19


(Geometry Calculator) ADS, , . , . ,
, , AutoCAD (,
MID, CEN END).
. , , 3.5^12.5*[234*log(12.5)-3.5*cos(30)].
AutoCAD.

AutoLISP. , AutoLISP ,
, .
CAL, CAL 'CAL ( )
.

,


/ . , / , .
:

2 + 3

15.5 - 3.754

12.34 * 4

345.5/2.125

25.5^2.5

()

4.5 + (4.35^2)

Command: CAL
... >>Expression: (4.5 + (4.35^2))
23.4225

647


, , :

[a,b,c] + [x,y,z] = [a+x, b+y, c+z]


[2,4,5] + [5,4,7] = [2+5, 4+4, 3+7] = [7.0 8.0 10.0]
-

[a,b,c] - [x,y,z] = [a-x, b-y, c-z]


[2,4,5] - [5,4,7.5] = [2-5, 4-4, 3-7.5] = [-3.0 0.0 -4.5]
*

a * [x,y,z] = [a*x, a*y, a*z]


3*[2,8,3.5] = [3*2, 3*8, 3*3.5] = [6.0 24.0 10.5]
/

[x,y,z]/a = [x/a, y/a, z/a]


[4,8,4.5]/2 = [4/2, 8/2, 4.5/2] = [2.0 4.0 2.25]
&

[a,b,c] & [x,y,z] = [(b*z)-(c*y), (c*x)-(a*z), (a*y)-(b*x)]


[2,4,6] & [3,5,8] = [(4*8)-(6*5), (6*3)-(2*8), (2*5)-(4*3)]
= [2.0 2.0 -2.0]
()

a+(b^c)

Command: CAL
... >>Expression: [2,4,3]-[5,4,7.5]
-3.0 0.0 4.5


(CAL)
:

sin()

cos()

tan()

asin()


( 1 1)

acos()


( 1 1)

atan()

ln()

log()

648

19

exp()

exp 10()

sqr()

sqrt()

abs()

round()

trunc()

r2d()

, ,

d2r()

, ,

pi

, 3,14159

Command: CAL
... >>Expression: Sin(60)
0.866025


CAL . , . , ,
. , CAL (cen+end)/2,
(CENter),
(ENDpoint). , ,
2. , ,
.
CAL AutoCAD:
CAL

AutoCAD

END

ENDpoint ( )

EXT

EXTension ( )

INS

INSert ( )

INT

INTersection ( )

MID

MIDpoint ( )

CEN

CENter ( , )

NEA

NEArest ( )

NOD

NODe ( )

QUA

QUAdrant ( )

PAR

PARallel ( )

PER

PERpendicular ( )

TAN

TANgent ( )

649

1
CAL
( ), 34.
, 12 (. 19.1).

. 19.1. CAL

Command: Line ()
Specify first point: 'CAL
>> Expression: (cen+end)/2
>>Select entity for CEN snap:
>>Select entity for END snap: 12
Specify next point or [Undo]: 'CAL
>> Expression: (cen+end)/2
>>Select entity for CEN snap:
>>Select entity for END snap: 12

4 1 3 2,
. 19.1. 'CAL .
('), , (.. ). (cen+end)/2
, (CEN) (END).
,
2. , CAL, ,
,
.


rad.
, , .

2
, (R). , 0,75
(0.75*R), . 19.2.

650

19

. 19.2.

Command: CIRCLE
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
2
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <current>: 'CAL
>>Expression: 0.75*rad
>>Select circle, arc or polyline segment for RAD function:

: CIRCLE
[3T/2T/KKP ( )]: 2
[]: 'CAL
>>: 0.75*rad
>> , RAD:

(>>Expression)
. 0.75*rad. rad , .
0,75. 0,75
.


, , ,
,
pld plt. pld pld(p1,p2,dist). , 12 dist
1. , pld pld(p1,p2,0.7),
1 2 1,5, 12
0,7 1.
plt plt(p1,p2,t). 12, ,
t. t=0, -

651

1. , t=1, 2. ,
t 0, 1 (0<t<1),
. , plt(p1,p2,0.3),
1,5, 0,3*1,5 = 0,45 1.

3
,
pld plt. 12 34 (. 19.3).
p l d p l t . 19.3.
pld(end,end,0.5) 12,
, 0,5 1.

. 19.3.

Command: Circle (),


Draw ()
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 'CAL
>>Expression: pld(end,end,0.5)
>>Select entity for END snap: 1
>>Select entity for END snap: 2
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <current>:

: CIRCLE
[3T/2T/KKP ( )]: 'CAL
>>: pld(end,end,0.5)
>> END: 1
>> END: 2
[] <>:

plt(end,end,0.5) 34, , 0,5*d


3.

652

19

Command: Circle (),


Draw ()
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 'CAL
>>Expression: plt(end,end,0.5)
>>Select entity for END snap: 3
>>Select entity for END snap: 4
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <current>:

: CIRCLE
[3T/2T/KKP ( )]: 'CAL
>>: plt(end,end,0.5)
>> END: 3
>> END: 4
[] <>:


ang ,
. . ang (. 19.4):
ang(v)
ang(p1,p2)
ang(apex,p1,p2)
ang(apex,p1,p2,p)

. 19.4.

ang(v)
ang(v) , . , [2,2,0]. , :

653

Command: CAL
>>Expression: v=[2,2,0] ( v)
Command: CAL
>>Expression: ang(v) (v )
45.0

: CAL
>>: v=[2,2,0] ( v)
: CAL
>>: ang(v) (v )
45.0

v , 45 .

ang(1,2)
ang(1,2) ,
12 . ,
(1,1,0) (4,4,0) :
Command: CAL
>>Expression: 1=[1,1,0] ( 1)
Command: CAL
>>Expression: 2=[4,4,0] ( 2)
Command: CAL
>>Expression: ang(1,2)
45.0

, ,
:
Command: CAL
>>Expression: ang(end,end)
>>Select entity for END snap: 12
>>Select entity for END snap: 12
31.7134 (, )

: CAL
>>: ang(end,end)
>> END: 12
>> END: 12
31.7134 (, )

ang(apex,p1,p2)
ang(apex,p1,p2) , (apex,P1) (apex,P2), (. . 19.4).
:
Command: CAL
>>Expression: ang(end,end,end)
>>Select entity for END snap: ( )

654

19

>>Select entity for END snap: (1)


>>Select entity for END snap: (2)
51.41459 (, )

: CAL
>>: ang(end,end,end)
>> END: ( )
>> END: (1)
>> END: (2)
51.41459 (, )

ang(apex,p1,p2,)
ang(apex,p1,p2,) , (apex,p1) (apex,p2), .
() .


12 34 :
ill(p1,p2,p3,p4)

1 2 , 3 4 , . 19.5. .

4
, 12 34. ,
(. 19.5).
,
, :
Command: Circle ()
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 'CAL
>>Expression: ill(end,end,end)
>>Select entity for END snap: 1
>>Select entity for END snap: 2
>>Select entity for END snap: 3
>>Select entity for END snap: 4
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <current>:

: CIRCLE
[3T/2T/KKP ( )]: 'CAL
>>: ill(end,end,end,end)
>> END: 1


>>
>>
>>

END:
END:
END:
[]

655

2
3
4
<>:

. 19.5.

ill(end,end,end,end)
ille.
, .


, .

5
, , 2 4 (. 19.6).
. ,
(end+end)/2. ,
mee, . 19.6.
Command: Circle (),
Draw ()
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 'CAL
>>Expression: mee
>>Select entity for MEE: 2
>>Select entity for MEE: 4
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <current>:

656

19

. 19.6. mee

6
,
. 0,5.
, . 19.7.

. 19.7. nee

, ,
, 0,5
.
nor(p1,p2), ,
12. nee. , .
.
Command: Circle Draw
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 'CAL
>>Expression: NEA+0.5*nee
>>Select entity for NEA snap:

657

>>Select one endpoint for NEA snap:



>>Select another endpoint for NEA snap:

Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <current>: 0.5

: CIRCLE
[3T/2T/KKP ( )]: 'CAL
>>: NEA+0.5*nee
>> NEA:
>> NEA:

>> NEA:

[] <>: 0.5

7
, .
0,25 . ,
(. 19.8).

. 19.8. dee

, 0,25. , , dist(p1,p2) dee. dee


,
. , dist(end,end).
Command: Circle Draw
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:

Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <current>: 'CAL
>>Expression: 0.25*dee
>>Select one endpoint for DEE snap:

>>Select another endpoint for DEE snap:

658

19

AutoLISP
AutoLISP .
. AutoLISP ,
, - . AutoLISP .

8
,
, , 0,5 . :
.
,
, .
midpoint = (cen+cen)/2.
, , ,
: offset = [0,0.5]. (midpoint+offset) (. 19.9).

. 19.9.

Command: CAL
>>Expression: midpoint=(cen+cen)/2
>>Select entity for CEN snap: .
>>Select entity for CEN snap: .
Command: CAL
>>Expression: offset=[0,0.5]
Command: Circle Draw
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 'CAL
>>Expression: (midpoint+offset)
Specify radius or [Diameter] <current>:

659

: CAL
>>: midpoint=(cen+cen)/2
>> CEN: .
>> CEN: .
: CAL
>>: offset=[0,0.5]
: Circle Draw
[3T/2T/KKP ( )]: 'CAL
>>: (midpoint+offset)
[] <>:

,
offset midpoint:
Command: Circle Draw
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 'CAL
>>Expression: (midpoint-offset)
Specify radius or [Diameter] <current>:

, AutoLISP:
Command: (Setq NEWPORT "(CEN+CEN)/2+[0,0.5]")
Command: Circle Draw
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
(cal NEWPORT) ( )
>>Select entity for CEN snap: .
>>Select entity for CEN snap: .

xyof(p)

X Y (p) ; Z

xzof(p)

X Z (p) ; Y

yzof(p)

Y Y (p) ; X

xof(p)

X (p) ; Y Z

yof(p)

Y (p) ; X Z

zof(p)

Z (p) ; X Y

rxof(p)

X (p)

ryof(p)

Y (p)

rzof(p)

Z (p)

660

19

9
, . , ,
. 19.10.
, .
1, Y 2. - rxof(end),
X, - ryof(end), Y. ,
X Y 3, 0,25 ,
[0.25,0,0].

. 19.10.

Command: Line ()
Specify first point: 'CAL
>>Expression: [rxof(end),ryof(end)]
>>Select entity for END snap: 1.
>>Select entity for END snap: 2.
Specify next point or [Undo]: 'CAL
>>Expression: rxof(end)+[0.25,0,0]
>>Select entity for END snap: 3.

: Line ()
: 'CAL
>>: [rxof(end),ryof(end)]
>> END: 1.
>> END: 2.
[]: 'CAL
>>: rxof(end)+[0.25,0,0]
>> END: 3.



cvunit. ,
,

661

. ,
. acad.unt,
ASCII. cvunit :
cvunit( , , )

Command: CAL
>>Expression: cvunit(100,cm,inch)
>>Expression: cvunit(100,feet,meter)
>>Expression: cvunit(1,feet,inch)

39.3701
30.48
12.0


. , , .

abs()

abs(v)

ang(v)

, X v

ang(p1,p2)

, X p1-p2

cur

cvunit(val,from,to)

(val)
(from) (to)

dee

; dist(end,end)

getvar()

AutoCAD

ill(p1,p2,p3,p4)

p1-p2 p3-p4

ille

, ; ill(end,end,end,end)

mee

, ; (end+end)/2

nee

, , ; nor(end,end)

nor

nor(v)

, XY v

nor(p1,p2)

, XY p1-p2

nor(p1,p2,p3)

, , p1,p2 p3

pld(p1,p2,dist)

, p1-p2 p1 dist

plt(p1,p2,t)

, p1-p2 p1 t*dist. (. t=0,


p1; t=1, p2)

662

19

rad

rot(p,org,ang)

, ang org

u2w(p)

(WCS) (UCS). (. (WCS) () ; (UCS) )

vec(p1,p2)

, p1 p2

vec1(p1,p2)

, p1 p2

vee

vec(end,end)
vee1

;
vec1(end,end)

w2u(p)


,
.
1. / . (/)
2. . (/)
3. ill . (/)
4. dee
. (/)
5. dist(p1,p2) ________.
6. xzof(p) ________ P ;
Y (0.0).
7. nor(v) ________, XY v.
8. ang(v) , ________ v.
9. ________ ,
X P1P2.
10. nee ________.


.
1. AutoCAD.
(/)

663

2. AutoLISP . (/)
3. rad . (/)
4. ang(v) , 12. (/)
5. ?
a)
)
)
)

abs(real)
abs(P1,P2)
abs(val)

6. X Y
?
a)
)
)
)

xyof(p)
zxof(p)
xy(p)

7.
, 12 d 1?
a)
)
)
)

plt(p1,p2,d)
pld(p1,p2,d)
plt(p2,p1,d)

8. Y ?
a)
)
)
)

xyof(p)
xof(p)
yof(p)

9. vec(end,end).
a)
)
)
)

vee
eve
vem

10. ________ , ,
.
11. ________
.
12. ________ , ang org.
13. pld ________.
14. plt ________.
15. , ,
________.

664

19

1 ()
, . 19.11. (L), (H)
(TL), .

2 ()
, . 19.12; .
3, ,
1 2. , . 1 2, , .

. 19.11. 1

. 19.12. 2

3 ()
, . 19.13; .
1. 3, , 1 2. , 1
2 .
2. 4,
12 0,25 .
3. 4.

1 ()
, . 19.14; .
1. 3. ,
3, , 1 2. , 1 2
.

665

2. , 0,75
. 5,
, 3 4.

. 19.13. 3

. 19.14. 1


1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 dee, 6 X Z, 7 , 8 , 9 ang(p1,p2), 10 nor(p1,p2).


AutoCAD

, AutoCAD 2004/
2005/2006, :
1. : Windows NT 4.0 SP 6a
( AutoCAD 2004), Windows 2000 SP 4, Windows XP (Home, Professional
Tablet PC).
2. 256 ().
3. Pentium III 500 (
AutoCAD 2004) 800 ( AutoCAD 2005/2006).
4. 300 .
5. 64 .
6. AutoCAD 10 .
7. ,
, 2,5 .
8. ( ) CD-ROM .
9. 1024768 True Color
().
10. - (
Wintab).
11. Web- Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0.
12. ( ).
13. .

AutoCAD

667

:
1. .
2. .
3. .

AutoCAD
, AutoCAD . , Windows.
,
AutoCAD 2004 ( ).
1. , AutoCAD 2004 .
2. AutoPlay () , AutoCAD 2004
- InstallShield Wizard. (AutoPlay () Windows,
, .. .exe. ,
<Shift> - CD-ROM
.) , , Welcome ( ).
3. Install ().
AutoCAD 2004 Setup, Welcome to AutoCAD 2004 Installation
Wizard. Next () , Autodesk Software License Agreement
( ).
4. , I accept (), Next (), ;
Serial Number ( ).
5. , Next (). ( - AutoCAD 2004.)
, User Information
( ). , Next ().
6. Select Installation Type ( )
(Typical (), Full (), Compact
() Custom ()).
, Full ( ).
AutoCAD.
Next (). Destination
Folder ( ).
7. , AutoCAD. C:\Program Files\AutoCAD 2004.

668

- , Browse ()
. Choose Text Editor ( ), Next ().
8. Notepad
(). , .
Next (); Start Installation
( ).
9. , Next ().
, , , Setup Complete
( ). , Finish ().

AutoCAD

3D

3DARRAY

, .
:
R ;
P


.
:
B ;
C ;
DI
( )
;
DO
( )
;
M
N;
P ;
S , ;
T ;
,
;
W ; , ,

670

3DCLIP

3DCONFIG

(
AutoCAD 2004)

3DCORBIT

3DDISTANCE

3DDWFPUBLISH

DWF (
AutoCAD 2006)

3DFACE

, .
:
First point ( );
I Invisible ()

3DMESH

3DORBIT

3DORBITCTR

,
( AutoCAD 2004)

3DPAN

3DPOLY

(),
.
:
;
C
;
U

3DSIN

, , 3D Studio

3DSOUT

, AutoCAD, , 3D Studio

3DSWIVEL

3DZOOM

ABOUT

AutoCAD,

ACISIN

ASCII ACIS AutoCAD

ACISOUT

AutoCAD ASCII ACIS

ADCCLOSE

(Design Center) AutoCAD

ADCENTER

AutoCAD

ADCNAVIGATE

AutoCAD ,

ALIGN

Adjust Clipping Planes ( )

AutoCAD

671

AMECONVERT

APERTURE

APPLOAD

, AutoLISP, ADS ARX

ARC

.
, .
:
A ;
C ;
D ;
E ;
L ;
R

ARCHIVE

,
( AutoCAD 2005)

AREA

,
.
:
A ;
F (, );
O ;
S

ARRAY

Array (),
Rectangular Array ( ) Polar Array (
)

ARX

, ARX-

ASSIST

.
,

ATTDEF

( ).
:
I Invisible: ;
C Constant: ;
V Verify: ;
P Preset: ,

ATTDISP

.
:
ON ;
OFF ;
N

ATTEDIT

.
:
Y ( );
N ( )

(AutoCAD R12) AutoCAD

672

ATTEXT

ATTREDEF

ATTSYNC

AUDIT

.
:
Y ;
N

BACKGROUND

BASE

BATTMAN

Block Attribute Manager ( ),


BHATCH

Boundary Hatch and Fill (


). .
:
I ;
P ;
S ;
R ;

BEDIT

; , (
AutoCAD 2006)

BACTION


( AutoCAD 2006)

BACTIONSET

,
( AutoCAD 2006)

BACTIONTOOL

, (
AutoCAD 2006)

BASSOCIATE

(
AutoCAD 2006)

BATTORDER

(
AutoCAD 2006)

BAUTHORPALETTE

Block Authoring Palettes (


AutoCAD 2006)

BAUTHORPALETTECLOSE

Block Authoring Palettes ( AutoCAD 2006)

BCLOSE

Block Editor ( AutoCAD 2006)

.
:
C CDF: ;
D DXF: ;
S SDF: ;
O

AutoCAD

673

BCYCLEORDER

BGRIPSET

, ,
( AutoCAD 2006)

BLOCKUPTABLE


( AutoCAD 2006)

BPARAMETER

(
AutoCAD 2006)

BSAVE

( AutoCAD 2006)

BASAVEAS

( AutoCAD 2006)

BVHIDE BVSHOW


( AutoCAD 2006)

BVSTATE

, ,
( AutoCAD 2006)

'BLIPMODE

, .
:
ON ;
OFF

BLOCK

,
.
:
?

BLOCKICON

,
AutoCAD

BMPOUT

.bmp

BOUNDARY

, .
:
A

BOX

,
XY.
:
C ;
CE

BREAK


.
:
F

BROWSER

Web-,

'CAL

CAMERA

( AutoCAD 2006)

674

CHAMFER

CHANGE

.
:
C , , , , ;
P , , , ,
,

CHECKSTANDARDS

, . Check Standards ()

CHPROP

.
:
C ;
LA ;
LT ;
S ;
LW ;
T ;
PL

CIRCLE

.
:
C ( );
3P , ;
2P ;
TTR

CLOSE

,
,

CLOSEALL

. , ,
,

COLOR

.
:
(1255);
;
Byblock
;
Bylayer ,

COMMANDLINE

( AutoCAD 2006)

COMMANDLINEHIDE

( AutoCAD 2006)

COMPILE

PostScript

( ).
:
A
;
D ;
P ;
T ;
(Trim)

AutoCAD

675

CONE

CONVERT

,
AutoCAD R13

CONVERTCTB

CONVERTPSTYLES

COPY

. , ,
.
:
M COPY ()

COPYBASE

COPYCLIP

COPYHIST

COPYLINK


OLE

CUI

; MENU, TOOLBAR CUSTOMIZE (


AutoCAD 2006)

CUIEXPORT/
CUIIMPORT

.cui
( AutoCAD 2006)

CUILOAD/CUIUNLOAAD

/ .cui (
AutoCAD 2006)

CUTCLIP

CYLINDER

.
:
;
E ,

DBCCLOSE

dbConnect Manager

DBLCLKEDIT

. ON,
, .
OFF

DBCONNECT

dbConnect Manager, AutoCAD

DBLIST

DDEDIT

,
,

DDPTYPE

, -

.
:
;
E

676

DDVPOINT

DELAY

. ,

DIM DIM1


AutoCAD

DIMALIGNED

DIMANGULAR

DIMARC

(
AutoCAD 2006)

DIMBASELINE

. ,

DIMCENTER

DIMCONTINUE

. .
,

DIMDIAMETER

DIMDISASSOCIATE

,
,

DIMEDIT

.
:
H ;
N ;
R ;
O

DIMHORIZONTAL

( AutoCAD 2004)

DIMJOGGED

, ; ( AutoCAD 2004)

DIMLINEAR

DIMORDINATE

DIMOVERRIDE

, .

DIMRADIUS

DIMREASSOCIATE

DIMREGEN

DIMROTATED

( AutoCAD 2004)

AutoCAD

677

DIMSTYLE

DIMTEDIT

.
:
A ;
H , ;
;
L ;
R

DIMVERTICAL

( AutoCAD 2004)

DIST

DIVIDE

()
.
:
B

DONUT

DRAGMODE


.
:
ON ;
OFF ;
A ,

DRAWINGRECOVERY/
DRAWINGRECOVERYHIDE

( ) Drawing Recovery Manager (


AutoCAD 2006)

DRAWORDER

DSETTINGS

, ,

DSVIEWER

Aerial View ( )

.
:
R ;
S ;
ST ;
V , ;
A ;
?

678

DVIEW

DWGPROPS

DXBIN

EATTEDIT

Enhanced Attribute Editor ( ), .


, , ,

EATTEXT

.
,
. EATTEXT Attribute
Extraction Wizard,

EDGE

. .
:
D

EDGESURF

ELEV

ELLIPSE


.
.
:
A ;
C ;
I

ETRANSMIT

. EXE-,
, ZIP,

ERASE

EXPLODE

( ,
, , , ,
, )

.
:
CA
();
TA ;
D ;
PO ;
PA ;
Z / ;
TW ;
CL ;
H ;
OFF ;
U DVIEW

AutoCAD

679

EXPORT

EXTEND

.
:
P , , UCS View;
E ;
U

EXTRUDE


. , Z-.
:
P

FIELD


( AutoCAD 2005)

FILL

, , .
:
ON ;
OFF

FILLET


(..
). , , .
:
P ;
R ;
T .

FILTER

FIND

, ,

FOG

GRADIENT

(
AutoCAD 2006)

GRAPHSCR

GRID

.
:
X ;
ON ;
OFF ;
S ;
X Y

680

GROUP

HATCH

.
:
? , acad.pat;
,
acad.pat;
U
( U );
S (.. )

HATCHEDIT

. ,
, .
:
D ;
S ;
P

HELP (<F1>)

HIDE

HLSETTINGS

(
AutoCAD 2004)

HYPERLINK

HYPERLINKOPTIONS

.
:
Y ;
N

ID

IMAGE

AutoCAD

IMAGEADJUST

IMAGEATTACH

IMAGECLIP

,
.
:
? ;
O ;
;
R ;
E ;
REN ;
S ;
C

AutoCAD

681

IMAGEFRAME

IMAGEQUALITY

.
:
H ;
D

IMPORT

AutoCAD

INK...

, AutoCAD c
TabletPC ( AutoCAD 2006)

INKBORDERDISPLAY


( AutoCAD 2006)

INKCOLOR

( AutoCAD 2006)

INKGESTURE

(
AutoCAD 2006)

INKHILITE

( AutoCAD 2006)

INKOLECREATE

OLE- (
AutoCAD 2006)

INKPENWIDTH

( AutoCAD 2006)

INKRECO

( AutoCAD 2006)

INKRLINE

/ ( AutoCAD 2006)

INKTRANSPARENCY

( AutoCAD 2006)

INSERT

INSERTOBJ

INTERFERE

INTERSECT

ISOPLANE

,
.
:
L ;
T ;
R

JPGOUT

JPEG ( AutoCAD 2004)

JOIN

( AutoCAD 2006)

JUSTIFYTEXT

.
:
ON ;
OFF

682

LAYER

LAYERP

. ,
LAYERS. , LAYERP .
,

LAYERPMODE

.
:
ON

LAYOUT

, , .
:
C ;
D ;
N ;
T ;
R ;
SA ;
S ;
?

LAYOUTWIZARD

LAYTRANS

LEADER

,
.
, .
- .
:
A -;
F ( ,
);
U

.
:
? ;
;
S ;
N ;
ON ;
OFF ;
C ;
L ;
LW ;
P ;
PS ;
F , ;
T ;
LO , ;
U

AutoCAD

683

LENGTHEN

LIGHT

.
, , . ,
( , )

LIMITS

( WCS)
.
:
Lower
;
ON ;
OFF

LINE

.
:
<Enter> ;
U ;
C

LINETYPE

,
.
.
:
? , ;
C ;
L ,
;
S

LIST

(, ,
X, Y Z, ..)

LOAD

, , SHAPE

LOGFILEOFF

LOGFILEON

LSEDIT

LSLIB

LSNEW


.
:
DE ;
P
;
T ;
DY

684

LTSCALE

LWEIGHT

MARKUP/MARKUPCLOSE

Markup Set Manager (


AutoCAD 2005)

MASSPROP


- . : ,
, ,
.
,
, .
,

MATCHCELL

(
AutoCAD 2005)

MATCHPROP

MATLIB

Materials Library ( ),
( ) , ( ).

MEASURE

.
:
B ,

MENU

.
,

MENULOAD

Menu Customization ( ),
(
AutoCAD 2006)

MENUUNLOAD

, MENULOAD ( AutoCAD 2006).

MINSERT


.
:
? ;
~

MIRROR

AutoCAD

685

MIRROR3D

MLEDIT

Multiline Edit Tools ( ), ,


.
, - ,
,

MLINE

().
:
J Justification () ,
;
S Scale () ;
ST

MLSTYLE

Multiline Styles,
,
, ,
, .
(, , , )
( , , )

MODEL

Model (
)

MOVE

MREDO

UNDO ( AutoCAD 2004)

MSLIDE

MSPACE

MTEXT

.
,

MULTIPLE

( )

.
:
3points
;
O
;
L
, ;
Z
Z;
V , ;
XY/YZ/ZX

686

MVIEW

MVSETUP

. MVSETUP
TILEMODE. ON (1), ,
, .
TILEMODE OFF (0), .
(TILEMODE OFF):
A ; ,
, ;
C ;
S ;
O (Options) ,
, ,
;
T ;
U

NETLOAD

.dll,
Microsoft .Net Framework ( AutoCAD 2005)

NEW

NEWSHEETSET

New Sheetset ( AutoCAD 2005)

OFFSET

, ,
.
:
;
T (Through) ,

OLELINKS

, OLE-

, .
.
:
ON ;
OFF ;
H (Hideplot) ;
F (Fit) ,
;
L ;
O ,
;
P ;
2 , ;
3 ;
4 ;
R (Restore)

AutoCAD

687

OLESCALE

OOPS

, ERASE
()

OPEN

Select File ( ), .
, ,
,

OPENDWFMARKUP

.dwf AutoCAD, Markup Set Manager (


AutoCAD 2005)

OPENSHEETSET

(
AutoCAD 2005)

OPTIONS

Options (),
AutoCAD

ORTHO

,
.
:
ON ;
OFF

OSNAP


.
:
END ( ,
), , ,
,
;
MID , , , , , , ,
;
INT , , ,
, , , ;
EXT ;
APP , ,
, , , ,
(..
);
CEN , , ;
QUA , ( ,
0, 90, 180 270);
PER , ,
, , , , , , ;
TAN , , ;
NOD ;
INS , , ;
NEA , , ,
, , , ;
QUI ;
NON

OLE-

688

PAGESETUP

PAN

( )

PARTIALCUI

.cui AutoCAD ( AutoCAD 2006)

PARTIALOAD

PARTIALOPEN

PASTEBLOCK

Windows

PASTECLIP

Windows

PASTEORIG

, ,
,

PASTESPEC

Windows

PCINWIZARD

- 2-
Model

PEDIT

, .
( ):
C ;
O ;
J ;
W ;
E (
);
X ,
, , , , ;
F
;
S ;
L ;
U .
( ):
C ;
O ;
E ; ,
() ,
, ;
S ;
D ;
U ;
X

Page Setup Manager,


,

AutoCAD

PEDIT

689

.
:
E ( X);
X
, X
N-, X - ;
S ;
D ;
Mclose M- ;
Mopen M- ;
Nclose N- ;
Nopen N- ;
U ,
PEDIT

PFACE

PLAN

().
:
C ;
U ;
W ()

PLINE

.
,
.
:
A ( ) ;

, , , ;
,
;
C ;
H ;
L ;
U ;
W

PLOT

Plot (), . ,
, ,
,
, . ,

PLOTSTAMP

PLOTSTYLE

690

PLOTTERMANAGER

PNGOUT

PNG (
AutoCAD 2004)

POINT

-,

POLYGON

( ),
.
:
C .
:
I ;
C ;
E

PREVIEW

PROPERTIES

Properties ()

PROPERTIESCLOSE

Properties ()

PSETUPIN

PSPACE

PUBLISH


DWF (Design Web Format)
,

PUBLISHTOWEB

Web- HTML, . , Web-.


Publish to Web, Web-

PURGE

.
:
B ;
D ;
LA ;
LT ;
P ;
SH ;
ST ;
;

QDIM

QLEADER

QNEW

AutoCAD

QSAVE

QSELECT

Plotter Manager,
Add-A-Plotter Wizard Plotter
Configuration Editor

AutoCAD

691

QTEXT

QUICKCALC/
QCCLOSE
QUIT

QuickCalc ( AutoCAD 2006)

RAY

(),
( )

RECOVER

RECTANG

REDEFINE

AutoCAD,
UNDEFINE

REDO

UNDO

REDRAW

,
, ,

REDRAWALL

REFCLOSE

REFEDIT

REFSET

REGEN

REGENALL

REGENAUTO

. :
ON ;
OFF

REGION

( )

REINIT

-, ( ), AutoCAD

RENAME

.
:
B ;
D ;
LA ;
LT ;
S ;
U ();
VI ;
VP


.
:
ON ;
OFF

AutoCAD

692

RENDER

Render,
, .
.

REPLAY

BMP, TGA TIFF

RESETBLOCK


( AutoCAD 2006)

RESUME

REVCLOUD

.
:
Object () ,
;
Arc Length ( ) ,

REVOLVE

()
(, ,
, , ..).
:
;
O
;
X ;
Y Y

REVSURF

RMAT

Materials (),
, .
.
.
AutoCAD

RMLIN

, ,
. (RML Redline Markup Language) , MARKUP

ROTATE

.
:
;
R

AutoCAD

693

ROTATE3D

.
:
2points ;
A (Axis by object) ;
L ,
;
V ;
X/Y/Z ( X,
, Z)

RPREF

Rendering Preferences, , ,
RENDER
. ,
,
.

RSCRIPT

RULESURF

,
,

SAVE

SAVEAS

, ,

SAVEIMG

Save Image,
. , TGA TIFF

SCALE

. .
:
R

SCALELISTEDIT

(
AutoCAD 2006)

SCALETEXT

SCENE

( ) . ,
, ,
,

SCRIPT

()

694

SECTION

SECURITYOPTIONS

(
AutoCAD 2004)

SELECT

, .
:
AU ;
( Add) ;
ALL ;
BOX , ;
C ,
, ;
CP , ,
;
F , ;
G , ;
L ;
;
P ;
R ( Remove) ,
;
SI ;
U ;
W , ,
;
WP , , ,

SETIDROPHANDLER

AutoCAD
( AutoCAD 2004)

SETUV

SETVAR

.
:
?

.
:
3points ;
O ;
Z ()
;
V
;
XY XY ;
YZ YZ ;
ZX ZX

AutoCAD

SHADEMODE

.
:

695

2D ,
;
3D ,
;
3D wireframe
;
H , ;
F , ;
G ;
L Flat Shaded Wireframe;
O Gouraud Shaded Wireframe
SHAPE

.
:
?

SHEETSET/
SHEETSETHIDE

Sheetset Manager (
AutoCAD 2005)

SHELL

AutoCAD

SHOWMAT

SIGVALIDATE

,
( AutoCAD 2004)

SKETCH

.
:
P (Pen)
;
X SKETCH;
Q
SKETCH;
R ;
E ;
C , ;
(.) ()

696

SLICE

.
:
3points , ;
O ,
(, , , );
Z , , Z;
V ,
;
XY , XY;
YZ , YZ;
ZX , ZX

'SNAP

.
:

ON ;
OFF ;
X Y;
R ;
S ( );
T ( )
SOLDRAW

, SOLVIEW

SOLID

, (.. ,
)

SOLIDEDIT

SOLPROF

SOLVIEW

SPACETRANS

AutoCAD ( )

SPELL

, . ,

SPHERE

.
:
R ;
D

AutoCAD

697

SPLINE

SPLINEDIT

.
:
F ,
.
:
;
C ;
O ;
D ;
M ;
P ;
T ,
;
L
;
X ;
C ;
O ;
(Move Vertex) ()
;
R
, ,
;
E ;
U SPLINEDIT

STANDARDS

STATS

Statistics (), .

STATUS

STLOUT

ASCII-
STL

STRETCH

(, )

STYLE

Text Style ( ),

STYLESMANAGER

.
:
.
:
;
C ;
F (Fit tolerance)
;
O -

698

SUBSTRACT

SYSWINDOWS

. Window (),
Windows

TABLE

(
AutoCAD 2005)

TABLEDIT

;
( AutoCAD 2005)

TABLEEXPORT

CSV (
AutoCAD 2005)

TABLESTYLE

(
AutoCAD 2005)

TABLET

.
:
ON ;
OFF ;
CAL ;
CFG

TABSURF

,
,

TEXT

.
:
;
J .
:
A ;
F ;
C ;
;
R ;
TL ;
TC ;
TR ;
ML ;
MC ;
MR ;
BL ;
BC ;
BR ;
S ,

TEXTTOFRONT


( AutoCAD 2005)

TEXTSCR

AutoCAD

TIFOUT

TIFF (
AutoCAD 2004)


( )

AutoCAD

699

TIME

.

.
:
D ;
O ;
OFF ;
R "0"

TINSERT

(
AutoCAD 2005)

TOLERANCE

Geometric Tolerance ( ),

TOOLBAR

TOOLPALETTES

ToolPalettes ( ),

TOOLPALETTESCLOSE

ToolPalettes

TORUS

.
:
R ;
D . ( , .
( )
( ) ,
.)

TRACE

( )

TRANSPARENCY

TRAYSETTINGS

Windows (
AutoCAD 2004)

TREESTAT

,
.
,
, .

TRIM

, .
:
P ;
E ;
U TRIM;
O ;
U

700

UCS


().
:
W ;
N ;
;
G ;
P ;
R ;
S ;
D ;
;
?

UCSICON

, .
:
ON ;
OFF ;
;
N ;
OR
;
P UCS Icon ( ) ,

UCSMAN

UNDEFINE

AutoCAD

UNDO

.
:
N ( U);
C UNDO;
BE , ;
E ;
M (Mark) ;
B (Back)

UNION

UNITS

UPDATEFIELD

( AutoCAD 2005)

UPDATETHUMBSNOW

Sheet Set
Manager ( AutoCAD 2005)

VBAIDE

Visual Basic

VBALOAD

VBA AutoCAD

VBAMAN

, , , ,
VBA

AutoCAD

701

VBARUN

VBA

VBASTMT

VBA- AutoCAD

VBAUNLOAD

VBA

VIEW

View (),
, ,

VIEWPLOTDETAILS

(
AutoCAD 2005)

VIEWERS

VLISP

Visual LISP (IDE)

VPCLIP

VPLAYER

.
:
? , ;
F ,
;
T ,
;
R ;
N , ;
V (Viewport Visibility Default)

VPMAX/VPMIN


AutoCAD ( AutoCAD 2005)

VPOINT

.
:
<Enter> ,
;
V , ;
R

VPORTS

VSLIDE

VTOPTIONS

( AutoCAD 2006)

WBLOCK

702

WEDGE

WHOHAS

WIPEOUT

WMFIN

Windows

WMFOPTS

WMFIN

WMFOUT

Windows

WORKSPACE


( AutoCAD 2006)

WSSAVE

( AutoCAD 2006)

WSSETTINGS

, Workspace
( AutoCAD 2006)

XATTACH

XBIND

()

XCLIP


.
:
ON ;
OFF , ;
C ;
D ;
P , ;
N

XLINE

( ).
:
,
;
H ;
V ;
, ;
B ( , );
O ,

, .
:
.
:
;
C ;
L , ;
CE

AutoCAD

703

XOPEN

XPLODE

, .
:
G .
:
E ;
, , ;
C ;
LA ;
LT ;
I ;
IS

XREF

Xref Manager

ZOOM


.
:
Scale (X/XP)
;
Scale X ;
Scale XP ;
;
C ;
D ;
E ;
S ;
W , , ;
Realtime ( )
-


. ,

AutoCAD

ACADLSPASDOC

ACADPREFIX

ACADVER

ACISOUTVER

AFLAGS

ANGBASE


acad.lsp,
,
AutoCAD
ACADPREFIX , AutoCAD.
.

ACADVER
AutoCAD.
$ACADVER (DXF-),
.

ACISOUTVER ACIS- SAT-, ACISOUT.
40
AFLAGS ATTDEF.
0. AFLAGS :
0 , 1 , 2 , 4 , 8
ANGBASE .
0,0000

AutoCAD

705


ANGDIR

ANGDIR
.
0.
0 , 1

APBOX

APBOX
(AutoSnap). 0
, 1 ( )

APERTURE

APERTURE
. . 10

APSTATE


APBOX . 0

AREA


, AREA,
LIST DBLIST. AREA
.
SETVAR

ASSISTSTATE

ASSISTSTATE Info Palette


( AutoCAD 2005).
0

ATTDIA

ATTDIA
INSERT ( ).
.
0.
0 , 1

ATTMODE

ATTMODE
.
. 0 , 1 ( ),
2

ATTREQ

ATTREQ ,
INSERT , . 0
, , 1 ( )
(
ATTDIA)

AUDITCTL

AUDITCTL (
.adt) AUDIT.
.
0 .adt (
), 1 .adt

706


AUNITS

AUPREC

AUTOSNAP

BACKGROUNDPLOT

BACKZ

BACTIONCOLOR

BDEPENDENCYHIGHLIGHT

BGRIPOBJCOLOR

BGRIPOBJSIZE

BINDTYPE

AUNITS .
. 0 ( ), 1 //, 2 (), 3 , 4
AUPREC
(
).
, 0
AUTOSNAP ,
.
7.
0 , , 1 , 2
, 4
;
( AutoCAD 2005). 0 ; , 1 ;
, 2
; ( ), 3
;
BACKZ

( ).
( ), BACKZ

.
, , Block
Editor ( AutoCAD 2006). 7
, Block Editor (
AutoCAD 2006). 0 ; 1
( )
, Block Editor ( AutoCAD 2006).
141
, Block Editor (
AutoCAD 2006).
1 255. 8

.
. 0
( ), 1

AutoCAD

BLIPMODE

BLOCKEDITLOCK

BLOCKEDITOR

BPARAMETERCOLOR

BPARAMETERFONT

BPARAMETERSIZE

BTMARKDISPLAY

BVMODE

CALCINPUT

CDATE

CECOLOR

CELTSCALE

CELTYPE

707

BLIPMODE . . 0 ( ), 1

BLOCKEDITLOCK

( AutoCAD 2006).
0 ( ), 1
BLOCKEDITOR
Block Editor (
AutoCAD 2006). 0
BPARAMETERCOLOR
, Block Editor
( AutoCAD 2006). 7
BPARAMETERFONT
, , Block
Editor ( AutoCAD 2006).
Simplex.shx
BPARAMETERSIZE
,
Block Editor (
AutoCAD 2006). 1 , 255 . 12
BTMARKDISPLAY (
AutoCAD 2006). 0 , 1
( )
BVMODE , Block Editor
( AutoCAD 2006). 0 ( ), 1 (, )
CALCINPUT
( AutoCAD 2006). 0 , 1 <End>
( )
CDATE

CECOLOR
.
.
BYLAYER (256)
CELTSCALE . . 1.0000
CELTYPE , .

. ByLayer ()

708


CELWEIGHT

CENTERMT

CHAMFERA

CHAMFERB

CHAMFERC

CHAMFERD

CHAMMODE

CIRCLERAD

CLAYER

CLISTATE

CMDACTIVE

CMDECHO

CELWEIGHT
.
. 1
ByLayer () ( ), 2 ByBlock
(), 3
Default ( ) (
LWDEFAULT)
CENTERMT , (
AutoCAD 2006). 0 ( ), 1
;

CHAMFERA
. . 0.5000
CHAMFERB
. . 0.5000
CHAMFERC .
.
1.0000
CHAMFERD .
.
0.0000
CHAMMODE
. 0 ( ), 1

CIRCLERAD , .
0.0000
CLAYER .

. 0
CLISTATE , ( AutoCAD 2006). 1
CMDACTIVE ,
,
, , () .
: 1 , 2
, , 4
( ), 8
, 16 AutoLISP
CMDECHO -
( AutoCAD)
AutoLISP. . 0
, 1
( )

AutoCAD

709


CMDINPUTHISTORYMAX


, ;
INPUTHISTORYMODE ( AutoCAD 2006).
20

CMDNAMES

CMDNAMES
.

CMLJUST

CMLJUST .
. 0
, 1
( ), 2

CMLSCALE

CMLSCALE
. , 3,0
,
, . 0, .
.

. 1.0000

CMLSTYLE

CMLSTYLE
,
. .
STANDARD

COMPASS

COMPASS
.
0 , 1

COORDS

COORDS
. . 0
, 1 ( ), 2 ,

CPLOTSTYLE


. AutoCAD ByLayer
(), ByBlock (), Normal ()
User Defined ( )

CPROFILE

CPROFILE
.
.
Unnamed Profile.

710


CROSSINGCOLOR


( AutoCAD 2006). 3

CTAB

CTAB
(Model ).
.

CTABLESTYLE

CTABLESTYLE
( AutoCAD 2005).
Standard

CURSORSIZE


.
5

CVPORT

CVPORT .

, : 1
, 2

( ), 3
.

DATA

DATA ,
.

DBMOD

DBMOD ,
. .
DBMOD : 0 , 1 , 2
, 4
, 8 , 16

DCTCUST

DCTCUST
.
.

DCTMAIN

DCTMAIN .
\Support.

SETVAR.

.

DEFLPLSTYLE

DEFLPSTYLE
. .

AutoCAD

711


DEFPLSTYLE

DEFPLSTYLE
.
. ByLayer ()

DELOBJ

DELOBJ
, , .

. 1
( ), 0

DEMANDLOAD

,
AutoCAD ,
(..
AutoCAD
). 3

DIASTAT

, DIASTAT,
.
. 0 , 1 OK

DIMADEC

DIMADEC
.
1. 1 , , DIMDEC. 08
, , DIMADEC

DIMALT

DIMALT
. Off (0).
,
DIMALT On (1).

DIMALTD

DIMALTD (DIMension ALTernate units


Decimal places)
( ) ( DIMALT
On). . 2

DIMALTF

DIMALTF (DIMension ALTernate units


scale Factor)
. , , ( ,
DIMALT On).
DIMALTF 25,4.

DIMALTRND

DIMALTRND . 0.00.

712


DIMALTTD

DIMALTTD
. . 2

DIMALTTZ

DIMALTTZ
. / ,
rtos angtos AutoLISP.
DIMALTTZ . 0
( ), 1
, 2
, 3 .
0 3
, .
, 4 ,
. 8 .
12 (4 8)
,

DIMALTU

DIMALTU
, . . 1 , 2
( ), 3 , 4 ( ), 5 ( ), 6 , 7 ,
8 Windows

DIMALTZ

DIMALTZ .

/
, rtos
angtos AutoLISP.
DIMALTZ . 0 ( ), 1
, 2
,
3 . 0 3 ,
. ,
4 , .
8
. 12 (4 8)
,

AutoCAD

DIMAPOST

DIMASO

DIMASSOC

DIMASZ

DIMATFIT

713

DIMAPOST
( / ), ,
, .
DIMAPOST .
.
,
. ()
DIMASO . ( ). Off (0)

. ,
,

; On (1) ( ),

. (, ) .
,
STRETCH TEDIT.
,
.
,


. 0
, 1 , 2 , ( )
DIMASZ (DIMension Arrowhead SiZe)


-
DIMTSZ, 0. ,
, DIMBLK,
DIMASZ. , .
DIMASZ ; 0,18

DIMATFIT
.

. 0 , 1 , , 2 ,
, 3
( )

714


DIMAUNIT

DIMAZIN

DIMBLK

DIMBLK1

DIMBLK2

DIMCEN

DIMAUNIT
.
. 0 , 1 //,
2 (), 3 ,
4
DIMAZIN
. . 0 (
), 1 , 2
, 3

DIMBLK ,
-.

,
- . DIMBLK
(DIMension BLocK). . .
, . ()
DIMBLK1
.
DIMSAH (DIMension Separate Arrow).
, DIMBLK, . . ().

.
DIMBLK2
.
DIMSAH (DIMension Separate Arrow).
, DIMBLK, . . ().

.
DIMCEN (DIMension CENter)

DIMCENTER,
DIMDIAMETER DIMRADIUS. DIMCEN .
.
DIMCEN
. 0.0900.
0 , >0 ,
DIMCEN.

AutoCAD

DIMCLRD

DIMCLRE

DIMCLRT

DIMDEC

DIMDLE

715

, 0.250,
,
0,2500 , <0 ,
, DIMCEN.

. , DIMCEN,
0.2500,
0,25
,
0,25 .
DIMRADIUS DIMDIAMETER ,

DIMCLRD
, .

BYBLOCK (0)
BYLAYER (256). DIMCLRD
SETVAR
, .
. 0
DIMCLRE (DIMension CoLOr Extension)
. DIMCLRE,
DIMCLRD, BYBLOCK (0)
BYLAYER (256). . 0
DIMCLRT (DIMension CoLoR Text) .
DIMCLRT

BYBLOCK (0) BYLAYER (256).
. 0
DIMDEC (
) .
. 4

. ,

( 5
), DIMDLE (Dimension Line
Extension) .
,
DIMTSZ . (
DIMTSZ , ,
(, 45 )).
,
DIMDLE. . DIMDLE 0.0000

716


DIMDLI

DIMDSEP

DIMEXE

DIMEXO

DIMFIT

DIMFRAC

DIMGAP

DIMDLI
, DIMCONTINUE DIMBASELINE.
.
DIMDLI
. 0,38
DIMDSEP ,
.
.
DIMEXE (Dimension EXtension line
Extension)
.
.
0,18
DIMEXO (DIMension EXtension line Offset)

.
.
0,0625
, DIMATFIT
DIMTMOVE. AutoCAD 2004
AutoCAD
AutoLISP.
. 3
DIMFRAC
, DIMLUNIT 4 () 5 (). 0
( ), 1 , 2 (, 3/5).
DIMGAP ,
.
-,
LEADER, DIMGAP.
.
DIMGAP 0,0900
. , () , .
DIMGAP
.
AutoCAD
,
. AutoCAD

,
, , DIMGAP.

AutoCAD

DIMJUST

DIMLDRBLK

DIMLFAC

717


, , DIMGAP:
2*(DIMGAP+IMASZ)
DIMJUST .
.
0
( ), 1
,
2 , 3
,
4
DIMLDRBLK
-. , . ()
DIMLFAC (DIMension Length FACtor)

. , , ,
.
,

DIMLFAC. ,
. . , DIMLFAC , DIMTM, DIMTP
DIMRND. ,
,
, DIMLFAC
2. DIMLFAC
,
DIMLFAC.
,
, .
DIMLFAC , 1.0.

DIMLFAC , AutoCAD
.
.
DIMLFAC . ,
(, <1.0000>).
VPORTS ,
.
AutoCAD , ,
( ) DIMLFAC.

. 1.0000

718


DIMLIM

DIMLIM (DIMension LIMits)


, .. :
On (1) Off (0). On
(1), .
DIMTOL
Off (0). DIMLIM
. Off (0)

DIMLUNIT

DIMLUNIT
, .

. Off (0). 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6
Windows

DIMLWD

DIMLWD
.
.
ByBlock ().

DIMLWE

DIMLWE
.
.
ByBlock ().

DIMPOST

DIMPOST
/ , ,
.
. ( ).
DIMPOST . ,
,
, DIMPOST cm. , 4 ,
4.0 cm.
,
, . ,
(<>),

DIMRND

DIMRND (DIMension RouND) . ,


0.10,

. DIMRND 1,
. . DIMRND
. 0.0000

AutoCAD

719


DIMSAH

DIMSAH (DIMension Separate custom


Arrow Head)
, -
. , DIMBLK1

() , DIMBLK2 . DIMSAH . On
, DIMBLK1 DIMBLK2 (
), Off ,

DIMBLK ( )

DIMSCALE

DIMSD1

DIMSD1 (DIMension Suppress Dimension


line 1)
. . Off

DIMSD2

DIMSD2 (DIMension Suppress Dimension


line 2)
. . Off

DIMSE1

DIMSE1 (DIMension Suppress Extension


line 1) . (..
On), .
. Off

DIMSCALE
,
, , , , ,
- .., ,
, .
1.0000;

.
- (, 2:1),
,
. ,
DIMSCALE
1/2, .. 2/1 2. 0.0

. ,
1.0.
>0
, ,

720


DIMSE2

DIMSHO

DIMSE2 (DIMension Suppress Extension


line 2) . (..
On), .
. Off
DIMSHO (DIMension SHOw dragged dimensions) .
,
. DIMSHO , .
On (1).

,
DIMSHO
Off (0).
,
-
, DIMSHO .

DIMSOXD


, DIMTIX On. ,
DIMSOXD (DIMension Suppress Outside eXtension
Dimension lines) On.
DIMTIX , DIMSOXD , ,
.
, DIMTIX DIMSOXD
, . DIMSOXD , DIMTIX
. DIMSOXD . Off
()

DIMSTYLE

DIMSTYLE .

DDIM DIMSTYLE. DIMSTYLE
.

DIMTAD

DIMTAD (DIMension Text Above


Dimension line) . DIMTAD ,

. .

AutoCAD

DIMTDEC

DIMTFAC

DIMTIH

DIMTIX

721

0 (
), 1
, . ,
,
,
, .
DIMTIH 1.

DIMGAP. 2 ,
, 3
(JIS Japanese Industrial Standard)

DIMTDEC . . 4
DIMTFAC (DIMension Tolerance scale

FACtor)
, ,
DIMTXT. , DIMTFAC 1.0 (,
).
.
0.50,
.
DIMTFAC . 1.0000. ,
, DIMTOL , DIMTM DIMTP ,
DIMLIM
DIMTIH (DIMension Text Inside
Horizontal)
, .
. On DIMTIH ( ), ,
, ; Off DIMTIH ,

DIMTIX . . On
DIMTIX ,
,
, Off ( ) DIMTIX , .

722

,
(
). ,

DIMTM

DIMTM
.


.
,
DIMTOL DIMLIM . DIMTM (DImension Tolerance Minus)
, DIMTP (DIMension Tolerance Plus)
. ,
. DIMTOL
, DIMTM DIMTP
, AutoCAD
. DIMTM DIMTP ,

. DIMTP
(+).
(DIMTM)
(
, ,
, ).
, .
DIMTM
. 0.0000

DIMTMOVE

DIMTMOVE .

. 0 ( ),
1 , 2
-

DIMTOFL

DIMTOFL ,

,
. DIMTOFL ,

,
-.
. Off ()

AutoCAD

723


DIMTOH

DIMTOL

DIMTOL (DIMension with TOLerance)


. DIMTM DIMTP
.
DIMTOL ,
, (.. ). DIMTOL DIMLIM Off ().
DIMTOL
. Off ()

DIMTOLJ

DIMTOLJ
.
. 0 ,
1 ( ), 2

DIMTP

DIMTP (DIMension Tolerance Plus)



.

.
,
DIMTOL DIMLIM .
DIMTOL , DIMTM DIMTP
, AutoCAD
.
DIMTM DIMTP ,
. DIMTP
(+). DIMTP . 0.0000

DIMTOH (DIMension Text Outside


Horizontal) .
DIMTOH ,
. , DIMTOH
, . , DIMTOH , DIMTIH,
,
,
. . On
()

724


DIMTSZ

DIMTVP

DIMTXSTY

DIMTXT

DIMTZIN

DIMTSZ
(), , (,
).
. 0.0000. 0 ,
>0 ().
DIMTSZ*DIMSCALE. ,
DIMSCALE ,
DIMTSZ.


DIMTVP (DIMension Text Vertical Position)

( ).
DIMTAD, . DIMTVP ,
DIMTAD . .

DIMTVP. DIMTVP 1.0, DIMTVP
DIMTAD. , DIMTVP , 0.70,
,
. . 0.0000
DIMTXTSTY
.
. STANDARD
DIMTXT ,
.

. 0.1800
DIMTZIN . DIMTZIN .
0
( ), 1
, 2

, 3
.
0 3
, . ,
4 , . 8
. 12
(4 8) ,

AutoCAD

725


DIMUNIT

DIMUNIT , .
1 , 2 , 3 , 4
( ), 5
( ), 6 , 7 , 8 Windows

DIMUPT

.
DIMUPT
. 0 (Off) ( ),
1 (On) ,

DIMZIN

DIMZIN (DIMension Zero Inch)


, ,
,
. DIMZIN . 0
( ), 1 , 2
,
3
.
, ,
. , , 1'-2/3"
.
1'-0 2/3".
0 3 ,
. , 4 ,
. , 0.2600 .2600.
8 .
4.9600 4.96. 12 (4 8)
,
. , 0.2300 .23

DISPSILH

DISPSILH

.
. 0 ( ),
1

DISTANCE

DISTANCE , DIST.

DONUTID

DONUTID ,
.
0.5000

726


DONUTOD

DRAGMODE

DRAGP1

DRAGP2

DRAWORDERCTL

DRSTATE

DTEXTED

DWGCHECK

DWGCODEPAGE

DONUTOD ,
. , .
, DONUTID , DONUTOD, , , .
DONUTOD 1.0000
DRAGMODE
. 0
, 1 , 2 (
).

DRAGP1 .

. 10
DRAGP2
.
. 25
DRAWORDERCTL (
AutoCAD 2005). 0
, 1
, 2 , 3 1 2 ( )
DRSTATE Drawing Recovery (
AutoCAD 2006). 0
DTEXTED
DTEXT/TEXT
( AutoCAD 2006). 0 ( ),
1
DWGCHECK , ,
AutoCAD. . 0 ( ),
1
DWGCODEPAGE . , AutoCAD.
SYSCODEPAGE,
DWGCODEPAGE
.
DWGCODEPAGE
.

AutoCAD

DWGNAME

DWGPREFIX

DWGTITLED

DYNDIGRIP

DYNDIVIS

DYNMODE

DYNPICOORDS

DYNPIFORMAT

DYNPIVIS

727

DWGNAME , . ,
- ,
DWGNAME .
,
.

DWGPREFIX ,
.

DWGTITLED , . 0 ,
, 1
,
DYNDIGRIP (DYNDIVIS = 2)
( AutoCAD 2006). 0 ,
1 , 2
, 4 , 8 , 16
. 31 ( )
DYNDIVIS (
AutoCAD 2006). 0 ( ), 1 (
), 2 ( DYNDIGRIP). 1
DYNMODE
(
, DYN
) ( AutoCAD 2006). -3
, -2
( ), -1
, 0 , 1
, 2
, 3
DYNPICOORDS , (
AutoCAD 2006). 0 ( ), 1
DYNPIFORMAT , (
AutoCAD 2006). 0 ( ), 1
DYNPIVIS
( AutoCAD 2006). 0
, 1 ( ),
2

728


DYNPROMPT

DYNTOOLTIPS

EDGEMODE

ELEVATION

ENTERPRISEMENU

EXPERT

EXPLMODE

DYNPROMPT (
AutoCAD 2006). 0
DYNTOOLTIPS , (
AutoCAD 2006). 0 Dynamic
Input, 1 ( )
EDGEMODE
TRIM EXTEND. 0
, 1
( )
ELEVATION
( Z)
.
. 0.0000
.cui ( AutoCAD 2006).
EXPERT
. 0
( ), 1
About to regen, proceed? Really want to turn the
current layer off?, 2
, Block already de-fined.
Redefine it? ( BLOCK) A drawing with this
name already exists. Overwrite it? ( SAVE
WBLOCK), 3 , ,
LINETYPE ,
4 ,
, UCS Save
VPORTS Save ,
, 5 , ,
DIMSTYLE ( Save) DIMOVERRIDE
,
.

, Y. EXPERT
, ,
AutoLISP
EXPLMODE
, , EXPLODE.

. 0
, 1

( )

AutoCAD

EXTMAX

EXTMIN

EXTNAMES

FACETRATIO

FACETRES

FIELDDISPLAY

FIELDEVAL

729

EXTMAX
. , ZOOM All
ZOOM Extents. EXTMAX ,

EXTMIN
. , ZOOM All
ZOOM Extents. EXTMIN ,

EXTNAMES
( , ),
.
. 0
AutoCAD 14,
31 , 1 AutoCAD 2000,
255 (
)
FACETRATIO
, ACIS.
. 0 N1
ACIS ( ), 1
N ACIS
FACETRES ,
.
0.010 10.0 ( 0.5).
FACETRES
FIELDDISPLAY ( AutoCAD 2005). 0 , 1 ( )
FIELDEVAL ( AutoCAD 2005).
0 ,
1 OPEN,
2 SAVE,
4 PLOT,
8
ETRANSMITE,
16 .
31 ( )

730


FILEDIA

FILEDIA . . 0 .
, AutoCAD
(~)
. AutoLISP ADS. 1
, ,
AutoLISP/ADS
( )

FILLETRAD

FILLETRAD
.
. 0.5000

FILLMODE

FILLMODE
, , , (
) SOLID.
.
0 , 1
( )

FONTALT

FONTALT ,
, .

AutoCAD .
FONTALT . simplex.shx

FONTMAP

FONTMAP
, , .
,
(;). FONTMAP . Acad.fmp

FRONTZ

FRONTZ
( ).

, FRONTZ .
.

FULLOPEN

FULLOPEN .
.
FULLOPEN .
0 ,
1

AutoCAD

FULLPLOTPATH

GRIDMODE

GRIDUNIT

GRIPBLOCK

GRIPCOLOR

GRIPDYNCOLOR

GRIPHOT

GRIPS

GRIPSIZE

HALOGAP

HANDLES

731

FULLPLOTPATH , (
AutoCAD 2006). 0 ,
1
( )
GRIDMODE GRID ().
. 0
( ), 1
GRIDUNIT
X Y.
REDRAW
REGEN.
. 0.5000,0.5000
GRIPBLOCK
. . 0 ( ), 1 ,

GRIPCOLOR
1 255.
. 5
GRIPDYNCOLOR (
AutoCAD 2006). 140
GRIPHOT
1
255. . 1
GRIPS Stretch (), Move (), Rotate
(), Scale () Mirror ().

. 0 , 1 ( )
GRIPSIZE

1 255.
. 3

HIDE. 0
HANDLES (..
1), . . HANDLES

732


HIDEPRECISION

HIDEPRECISION
.

. 0
; ,
1 ;

HIDETEXT


HIDE. OFF
, ON

HIGHLIGHT

HIGHLIGHT
. , ,

HPANG

HPANG . 0

HPBOUND

HPBOUND , BOUNDARY.
.
0 , 1 ( )

HPDOUBLE

HPDOUBLE (-)
. 0
( ),
1

HPDRAWORDER

HPDRAWORDER (
AutoCAD 2005). 0 , 1
, 2 , 3 ( ), 4

HPGAPTOL

HPGAPTOL (
AutoCAD 2005).
0 ( ) 5 000

HPINHERIT

HPINHERIT ,
MATCHPROP ( AutoCAD 2006). 0
HPORIGIN ( ), 1

HPNAME

HPNAME , . 34 .
. , ( ). , (.).
ANSI31

AutoCAD

HPOBJWARNING

HPORIGIN

HPORIGMODE

HPSCALE

HPSEPARATE

HPSPACE

HYPERLINKBASE

IMAGEHLT

INDEXCTL

INETLOCATION

733

HPOBJWARNING ,
AutoCAD (
AutoCAD 2006).
1 107 374 823. 10 000
HPORIGIN
, (
AutoCAD 2006). 0,0
HPORIGMODE
, ( AutoCAD 2006). 0
HPORIGIN ( ), 1 , 2 , 3

, 4
, 5

HPSCALE
, . .
HPSCALE 1.0000
HPSEPARATE
,
( AutoCAD 2006). 0
( ), 1

HPSPACE
.
.
HPSCALE 1.0000
HYPERLINKBASE , .

. ( )
IMAGEHLT .

. 0 ( ), 1

. 0 ( ), 1 , 2
, 3

URL- Web-,
BROWSER. www.autodesk.com/acaduser

734


INPUTHISTORYMODE

INSBASE

INSNAME

INSUNITS

INSUNITSDEFSOURCE

INSUNITSDEFTARGET

INTELLIGENTUPDATE

ISAVEBAK

,
,
( AutoCAD 2006). 0 , 1

( ),
2
, 4 , 8 ,
. 15

, BASE.
.
.
0.0000,0.0000,0.0000
INSNAME
INSERT.
, (.).

INSUNITS , AutoCAD.
.
0 ( ), 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 ( ), 10 ,
11 , 12 , 13 ,
14 , 15 , 16 ,
17 , 18 ,
19 , 20
INSUNITSDEFSOURCE , -.

0 20. 0.

INSUNITSDEFTARGET , .

0 20. 0.

INTELLIGENTUPDATE
, ; 0 () 100 / (
AutoCAD 2006). 20
,
Windows. 0
( .bak) , 1 ( )

AutoCAD

735


ISAVEPERCENT


, .
50

ISOLINES

ISOLINES () .
0 2047.
. 4

LASTANGLE

LASTANGLE , XY
()
.

LASTPOINT

LASTPOINT .
.
0.0000,0.0000,0.0000

LASTPROMPT

LASTPROMPT ,
.

LAYERFILTERALERT

LAYERFILTERALERT
, 99 ( AutoCAD 2006). 0 , 1 ( Layer Properties Manager
), 2
( Layer Properties
Manager ), 3
,
. 2

LAYOUTREGENCTL



. 2.
0
, 1
Model
, 3

LENSLENGTH

LENSLENGTH
( ) .

LIMCHECK

.
. 0
(
), 1

736


LIMMAX

LIMMIN

LISPINIT

LOCALE

LOCKUI

LOGFILEMODE

LOGFILENAME

LOGFILEPATH

LOGINNAME

LTSCALE

LIMMAX
().
.
12.0000,9.0000
LIMMIN
().
.
0.0000,0.0000

(LISP-)
( -
). LISPINIT . 0
AutoLISP, 1 AutoLISP
( )
LOCALE ISO AutoCAD.
(
)
LOCKUI ,

( AutoCAD 2006).
, <Ctrl>. 0
( ), 1
, , , 2 ,
, , 4 ,
8
( .log). 0
( ), 1
( ) . C:\Program Files\
AutoCAD 2004\acad.log
LOGFILEPATH
.

AutoCAD

LOGINNAME
,
AutoCAD,

LTSCALE
.
. 1.0000

AutoCAD

LUNITS

LUPREC

LWDEFAULT

LWDISPLAY

LWUNITS

MAXACTVP

MAXSORT

MBUTTONPAN

MEASUREINIT

737

LUNITS .
. 1 , 2 ( ),
3 , 4 , 5
LUPREC ( ).

. 4
LWDEFAULT , DEFAULT. , ,
( )
LWDISPLAY Model ()
Layout (). . 0 ( ), 1

LWUNITS ( ).

. 0 , 1 (
)
MAXACTVP
,
.
48
MAXSORT
,
.
, .

. 200
MBUTTONPAN - ().
. 0
, AutoCAD
(.mnu), 1 ,
- (
)
MEASUREINIT ( ),
, .
. 0 ( ) (AutoCAD
ANSI), 1
(AutoCAD
ISO)

738


MEASUREMENT

MENUCTL

MENUECHO

MENUNAME

MIRRTEXT

MODEMACRO

MSOLESTATE

MTEXTED

MEASUREMENT ( ),
, .
. 0 ( ) (AutoCAD
ANSI), 1
(AutoCAD
ISO)
MENUCTL
.
. 0

, 1 (
)
MENUECHO
- .
:
0 , 1 -
, 2 , 4 , 8 -
DIESEL
MENUNAME MENUGROUP.
, MENUGROUP,
AutoCAD,
.
.
MENUNAME

MIRRTEXT MIRROR.
. 0 , 1 ( )
MODEMACRO DIESEL
.
, / .

MSOLESTATE
OLE-,
( AutoCAD 2005).
-1 PLOTSCALE, 0 DIMSCALE, >0
. 1.0
MTEXTED ,

.
. Internal ()

AutoCAD

739


NOMUTT

NOMUTT
AutoLISP. . 0
( ), 1

OBSCUREDCOLOR


,
HIDE
SHADEMODE.
0 ( ). ,
-

OBSCUREDLTYPE


.
0.
:
1 , 2 , 3 ,
4 , 5
, 6 , 7 , 8 ,
9 ,
10 , 11

OFFSETDIST

OFFSETDIST .
,
.
, .
1.0000

OFFSETGAPTYPE

OFFSETGAPTYPE
OFFSET.
. 0
( ), 1 , ,
2

OLEFRAME

OLEFRAME
OLE- ( AutoCAD 2005).
0 , 1 , 2 , ( )

OLEHIDE

OLEHIDE OLE- AutoCAD. . 0


OLE- ( ), 1 OLE- ,
2 OLE ,
3 OLE-

740


OLEQUALITY

OLEQUALITY , ,
OLE-. . 0
, ,
1 Word ( ), 2
,
3 , 4

OLESTARTUP

OLESTARTUP
OLE- . . 0 -
OLE- ( ),
1 OLE-

ORTHOMODE

ORTHOMODE ,
.
. 0
( ), 1

OSMODE

OSMODE
,
:
0 NONe ( ), 1
ENDpoint, 2 MIDpoint,
4 CENter, 8
NODe, 16 QUAdrant, 32
INTersection, 64 INSertion, 128
PERpendicular, 256
TANgent, 512 NEArest,
1024 QUIck,
2048 APPint.
, . ,
, OSMODE 12 (4+8).

OSNAPCOORD


, . 0

, , 1 , , , 2 , ,
,
( )

AutoCAD

OSNAPHATCH

OSNAPNODELEGACY

OSNAPZ

PAPERUPDATE

PDMODE

PDSIZE

PEDITACCEPT

PELLIPSE

741

OSNAPHATCH
(
AutoCAD 2005). 0
( ), 1
OSNAPNODELEGACY ( AutoCAD 2005).
1
OSNAPZ Z
( AutoCAD 2006). 0
Z ( ), 1
PAPERUPDATE
, ,
.
. 0 ,
, , ( ),
1
,
PDMODE ().
. 0
PDSIZE
.
. 0.0000.
0 5
, >0
, <0

PEDITACCEPT Object Selected Is Not a Polyline


( )
PEDIT. Do you want it to turn into one?
( ?.
, Y
<Enter>. ,
. 0 ( ), 1
PELLIPSE , ELLIPSE.
.
0 ( ), 1

742


PERIMETR

PFACEVMAX

PICKADD

PICKAUTO

PICKBOX

PICKDRAG

PICKFIRST

PICKSTYLE

PERIMETR
, AREA, DBLIST
LIST.

PFACEVMAX
, .

PICKADD
. . 0 PICKADD , 1
PICKADD ( ).
, .
,
<Shift>, ,

PICKAUTO

Select object
.
.
0 PICKAUTO , 1 PICKAUTO ( )
Select object
PICKBOX ( ).
.
3
PICKDRAG
: 0 ,
( ), 1

, , (-
) ,
.
PICKFIRST , ,
. 0 PICKFIRST , 1
PICKFIRST ( )
PICKSTYLE
. . 0 ,
1 (
), 2 , 3

AutoCAD

PLATFORM

PLINEGEN

PLINETYPE

PLINEWID

PLOTID

PLOTOFFSET

PLOTROTMODE

PLOTTER

743

PLATFORM ( ) AutoCAD.
.
: Microsoft Windows Sun/SPARCstation,
386 DOS Extender DECstation, Apple Macintosh
Silicon Graphics Iris Indigo
PLINEGEN
, .
.
0
( ), 1 , .
PLINEGEN
( ),
AutoCAD. 0 PLINE
, 1 PLINE
, 2
PLINE ,
AutoCAD
, .
. 0.0000
PLOTID
.
.
PLOTID .
PLOTOFFSET
( AutoCAD 2005).
0 ( ),
1
PLOTROTMODE . . 0

0 , 90 ,
180
270 ; 1

( )
PLOTTER , .
, 0
.
, 6 , 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 5.

744

PLQUIET

POLARADDANG

POLARANG

POLARDIST

POLARMODE

POLYSIDES

, ,
.
. 0
PLQUIET
. . 0
( ), 1


POLARADDANG
. 10
. 25 , (;).
. 0
POLARANG . 90
( ), 45, 30, 22.5, 18, 15, 10 5.
POLARANG
POLARDIST
,
SNAPSTYL 1 (
). POLARDIST . 0.0000
POLARMODE .
.
: 0 (
), 1
( );
: 0
, 2 ;
: 0 , 4 .
: 0
, 8
<Shift>.
POLARMODE . 1
POLYSIDES
, POLYGON.
3 1024.
4

AutoCAD

745


POPUPS

POPUPS
. ". 0 , , () ,
1 , ,

PREVIEWEFFECT

PREVIEWEFFECT

( AutoCAD 2006).
0 , 1 ,
2 ( )

PREVIEWFILTER

PREVIEWFILTER ,

( AutoCAD 2006). 0
, 1 ( ), 2 , 4
, 8 ,
16 , 32

PRODUCT

, AutoCAD

PROGRAM

, AutoCAD

PROJECTNAME

.
( )

PROJMODE

PROJMODE . 0 ( ),
1 XY
( ), 2

PROXYGRAPHICS

- .
0 , 1
( )

PROXYNOTICE

, ,
- .
0 - , 1 - ( )

PROXYSHOW

. 0 -
, 1
- ( ), 2
, -

746


PROXYWEBSEARCH

Object Enabler,
-. 0 Object
Enabler ( ,
AutoCAD 2004
Today), 1 Object Enabler Web- Autodesk Point A
( ),
AutoCAD 2004 Today ; 2
Web- Autodesk Point A
Object Enabler

PSLTSCALE

PSLTSCALE .
.
0 .
, ,
, 1
(
). , TILEMODE
0,
(
)

PSTYLEMODE

PSTYLEMODE ,
( )
.
. 0
( ), 1
.

PSTYLEPOLICY

PSTYLEPOLICY
. ,
,
. . 0
,
1 (
)

PSVPSCALE

PSVPSCALE

.


. 0, ,
.
.
PSVPSCALE . 0

PUCSBASE

PUCSBASE ,
( ).
.

AutoCAD

747


QCSTATE

QCSTATE QuickCalc ( AutoCAD 2006).


0

QTEXTMODE

QTEXTMODE ()
.
. 0
( ), 1
.

RASTERDPI

RASTERDPI
;
100
32 767 ( AutoCAD 2006).
300

RASTERPREVIEW

RASTERPREVIEW .

. 0 , 1 ( )

RECOVERYMODE

RECOVERYMODE
(
AutoCAD 2006). 0 , 1
; Drawing Recovery , 2 ; Drawing
Recovery (
)

REFEDITNAME

REFEDITNAME
,
REFEDIT.
. .

REGENMODE

REGENMODE . . 0
REGENAUTO , 1 REGENAUTO

RE-INIT

RE-INIT
, -, , ,
acad.pgp. : 0
( ), 1
(), 2 , 4 , 8 , 16 PGP-.
,

748


REMEMBERFOLDERS


,
Select File ( ) Save
(). 0 , 1

RTDISPLAY


( ZOOM PAN). 0 , 1
(
)

SAVEFILE

SAVEFILE .
. auto.sv$

SAVEFILEPATH

SAVEFILEPATH ,
AutoCAD.
. C:\Temp\

SAVENAME

SAVENAME , ( ).

SAVETIME

SAVETIME ( ).
120. 0 ,
>0 . SAVETIME .
SAVE, SAVEAS QSAVE
.
AutoCAD auto.sv$

SCREENBOXES

SCREENBOXES
,
. , .
,
, AutoCAD,
SCREENBOXES
.

SCREENMODE

SCREENMODE ,
AutoCAD ( ).
. : 0 , 1
, 2

AutoCAD

749


SCREENSIZE

SCREENSIZE ( Y).

SDI

AutoCAD ( ). SDI
. 0 ( ), 1
, 2
( ),
3
( )

SELECTIONAREA

SELECTIONAREA (
AutoCAD 2006). 1

SELECTIONAREAOPACITY



0 () 100 ()
( AutoCAD 2006). 25

SELECTIONPREVIEW

SELECTIONPREVIEW
( AutoCAD 2006). 0 ,
1 , , 2 ,

( )

SHADEDGE

SHADEDGE

. . 0 ,
, 1 ,
, 2 ,
, 3
, (
)

SHADEDIF

SHADEIF
.
. 70

SHORTCUTMENU

SHORTCUTMENU (Default, Edit Command) ,


. . 11.
: 0 (Default, Edit Command)

R14, 1 Default,
2 Edit, 4
Command.
- , 8
Command

750


SHOWLAYERUSAGE

SHPNAME

SKETCHINC

SKPOLY

SNAPANG

SNAPBASE

SNAPISOPAIR

SNAPMODE

SNAPSTYL

SNAPTYPE

SHOWLLAYERUSAGE
Layer Properties Manager ( AutoCAD 2006). 1
SHPNAME , .
.
, (.)
SKETCHINC ,
SKETCH.
.
0.1000
SKPOLY (
), SKETCH.

. 0 (
), 1
SNAPANG
( ) .
. 0.


SNAPBASE
( ).
. 0.0000,0.0000.


SNAPISOPAIR
.

. 0 ( ), 1 , 2
SNAPMODE (SNAP).
.
0 ( ), 1

SNAPSTYL
.
.
0 ( ), 1
SNAPTYPE
.
.
0 ( ), 1

AutoCAD

SNAPUNIT

SOLIDCHECK

SORTENTS

SPLFRAME

SPLINESEGS

SPLINETYPE

751

SNAPUNIT
( X Y) .
. 0.5000,0.5000.



AutoCAD. .
0 , 1 ( )
SORTENTS
: 0 , 1 ,
2 , 4 , 8
MSLIDE,
16 , 32
, 64
PostScript. , .
96.
PostScript
SPLFRAME ,
. . 0 ( )
. ,
.
,
1 ,
. ,
SPLINESEGS ,
. ,
.

. 8.

, .
,
.

SPLINETYPE , Spline
PEDIT. . 5 B- , 6 B- ( )

752


SSFOUND

SSLOCATE

SSMAUTOOPEN

SSMPOLLTIME

SSMSHEETSTATUS

SSMSTATE

SURFTAB1

SUTFTAB2

SSMFOUND
( AutoCAD 2005).

SSMLOCATE
, , (
AutoCAD 2005). 0 , 1
( )
SSMAUTOOPEN ,
Sheet Set Manager , (SSLOCATE = 1).
AutoCAD 2005. 1
SSMPOLLTIME


( AutoCAD 2006). 20 600
(SSMSHEETSTATUS = 2). 60
SSMSHEETSTATUS

( AutoCAD 2006). 0
, 1
, 2
,
,
SSMPOLLTIME ( )
SSMSTATE , Sheet Set Manager ( AutoCAD 2005).
.
0
SURFTAB1 ,
TABSURF RULESURF. REVSURF EDGESURF.
.
6. , ,
, , ,
,
SURFTAB1. , (
),
. ,
SURFTAB1
SURFTAB2
N REVSURF EDGESURF.

. 6

AutoCAD

SURFTYPE

SURFU

SURFV

SYSCODEPAGE

TABLEINDICATOR

TABMODE

TARGET

TBCUSTOMIZE

TDCREATE

TDINDWG

TDUCREATE

TDUPDATE

753

SURFTYPE ,
Smooth PEDIT.
. 5 B- , 6
B- ( ),
8
SURFU . .
6
SURFV N. .
6
SYSCODEPAGE , acad.xmx. .

TABLEINDICATOR


( AutoCAD 2006). 1
TABMODE
Tablet (). 0 Tablet ( ), 1 Tablet

TARGET
.
.

TBCUSTOMIZE
(
AutoCAD 2005). 1
TDCREATE () . .

TDINDWG . .

TDUCREATE () . .
TDUPDATE ()
.
.

754


TDUSRTIMER

TDUUPDATE

TEMPPREFIX

TEXTEVAL

TEXTFILL

TEXTQLTY

TEXTSIZE

TEXTSTYLE

THICKNESS

TDUSRTIMER . .

TDUUPDATE ()
.
.
TEMPPREFIX , .
.

TEXTEVAL . 0 , ,
(
), 1 ,
( !, AutoLISP.
TEXTEVAL TEXT.
TEXT

TEXTFILL
, True , , . . 0 ,
1 ( )
TEXTQLTY True Type, Bitstream Abode Type 1
, .
,
. ,
,
.
0 100.0.
50
TEXTSIZE ,
. ,
.
. 0.2000
TEXTSTYLE
. . STANDARD
THICKNESS . . 0.0000

AutoCAD

TILEMODE

TOOLTIPS

TOOLTIPMERGE

TRACEWID

TRACKPATH

TREEDEPTH

755

TILEMODE AutoCAD. . 0

.
MVIEW, 1 ( ) AutoCAD 10.
(Tiled Viewport) .

. MSPACE, PSPACE, VPLAYER
MVIEW
TOOLTIPS
. 0 , 1 ( )
TOOLTIPMERGE ( AutoCAD 2006).
0
TRACEWID ,
. .
0.0500
TRACKPATH .
. 0
( ), 1
, 2
, 3

TREEDEPTH
.

. 3020.
0 .
, ,
SORTENTS
, >0 TREEDEPTH . ,
.
,

. <0 , () .

.

756


TREEMAX

TREEMAX
.
,
.
10000000

TRIMMODE

TRIMMODE
CHAMFER FILLET.
0
, 1
( )

TSPACEFAC

TSPACEFAC

.
0.25 4.0. 1

TSPACETYPE

TSPACETYPE .
At Least ( )
. Exactly
()
, .
. 1 ( ) At Least ( ), 2 Exactly
()

TSTACKALIGN


. . 0 , 1 (
), 2

TSTACKSIZE


. 1 127.
. 70

UCSAXISANG

,
X, Y Z
UCS. ( : 5, 10, 15, 18, 22.5, 30,
45, 90, 180). . 90

UCSBASE

UCSBASE , .
.
. World

AutoCAD

757


UCSFOLLOW

UCSFOLLOW
. UCSFOLLOW
, UCSFOLLOW
. . 0
(
), 1
( )

UCSICON

UCSICON .
: 1
( ), 2 ( ). ,
, UCSICON. , UCSICON

.

UCSNAME

UCSNAME .
.
.
, ,

UCSORG

UCSORG

. .

UCSORTHO

UCSORTHO
.
.
0 , 1

( )

UCSVIEW

UCSVIEW .

. 0
, 1
( )

758


UCSVP

UCSXDIR

UCSYDIR

UNDOCTL

UNDOMARKS

UNITMODE

UPDATETHUMBNAIL

UCSVP
, .

( ). 0 ; , 1 ;
,
( )
UCSXDIR X

. .

UCSYDIR Y

. .

UNDOCTL
, UNDO.
.
: 0 UNDO , 1 UNDO , 2
, 4
, 8 ,
16
( AutoCAD 2006).
21
UNDOMARKS , Mark UNDO
. ,
, Mark Back .

UNITMODE .
.
0 , ,

( ), 1 ,
, ,
UPDATETHUMBNAIL

( AutoCAD 2005). 0 , 1 ,
2 , 4 , 8
, , 16
.
15 ( )

AutoCAD

759


USEACIS

USEACIS
ACIS ( AutoCAD 2006). 0

USERI1-5


, . 0

USERR1-5

, . 0.0000

USERS1-5

, .

VIEWCTR

VIEWCTR
.
.

VIEWDIR

VIEWDIR ,
.

.
.

VIEWMODE

VIEWMODE , .
: 0
, 1 , 2
, 4 , 8
, 16
.
,
FRONTZ. , , FRONTZ .
(
20 ), 16 .
.

VIEWSIZE

VIEWSIZE .
.

VIEWTWIST

VIEWTWIST
.
.

760


VISRETAIN

VPMAXIMIZEDSTATE

VSMAX

VSMIN

VTDURATION

VTENABLE

VTFPS

WHIPARC

VISRETAIN , , ,
, ,
. 0 , ( ),
, ,
, 1
, ,

,
VPMAX
( AutoCAD 2005). 0
VSMAX
,
.
.
VSMIN
,
.
.
VTDURATION
( AutoCAD 2006).
0 5 000 .
750
VTENABLE , ,
(
AutoCAD 2006). 0 , 1 , 2 ,
3 , ( ), 4
, 5
,
6 , 7 ,
VTFPS ; 1 30
( AutoCAD 2006). 7.0
WHIPARC .
.
0 , ( ),
1

AutoCAD

761


WHIPTHREAD

( ),
,
. 0 , 1
, 2 ,
3

WINDOWAREACOLOR

WINDOWAREACOLOR
,
( AutoCAD 2006). 5

WMFBKGND

WMFBKGND AutoCAD
Windows, WMFOUT,

Windows
AutoCAD Windows. . 0
AutoCAD

WMFFOREGND

WORLDUCS

WORLDUCS (
).
. 0 ,
1

WORLDVIEW

WORLDVIEW DVIEW
VPOINT.
. 0 ,
1 DVIEW VPOINT.
DVIEW VPOINT

WRITESTAT

, .
WRITESTAT
,
AutoLISP.
. 0 , 1 ( )

WSCURRENT

WSCURRENT
( AutoCAD 2006).
AutoCAD Default

XCLIPFRAME


. 0 ( ),
1

762


XEDIT

XEDIT ,
,
, . . 0

, 1
( )

XFADECTL

XFADECTL

.
.
50. 0
( ), 90 90- (
)

XLOADCTL

XLOADCTL .
0 ;
, 1 ;
( ), 2 ;

XLOADPATH

XLOADPATH .

XREFCTL

XREFCTL ,
AutoCAD
( .xlg).
.
0
( ), 1

XREFTYPE

XREFTYPE
( AutoCAD 2005).
0 ( ),
1

ZOOMFACTOR

ZOOMFACTOR .
3 100. ,
,
. . 10


A
ADS, 517
ASE, 634

D
DCL, 516

G
Geometry Calculator, 646

I
IDE, 587

O
ODBC, 622
OLE DB, 622

P
PDB, 518

V
Visual Basic, 586

, 254; 297
DCL
alignment, 523
aspect_ratio, 553
big_increment, 553
color, 553
edit_width, 548
fixed_width, 522
is_default, 522
key, 521
label, 521
max_value, 552
min_value, 552
mnemonic, 533
small_increment, 552
width, 548

, 620
, 626
, 622
, 624
, 629
Edit, 625
Readonly, 625
, 630
, 621
, 621
Labels, 630

, 124

, 190
, 236

, 303
, 303

, 355

AutoCAD, 501


Boundary Hatch and Fill, 128
Create New Drawing, 22
Customize, 194
DBCONNECT MANAGER, 622
Dimension Style Manager, 32; 46
Drafting Settings, 26
Drawing Units, 27
Hatch Pattern Palette, 129; 139
Label Template, 631
Layer Properties Manager, 34; 36
Linetype Manager, 101
Link Conversation, 642
Link Select, 641
Load/Unload Application, 417; 452
Load or Reload Linetypes, 34; 101
Menu Customization, 186
Options, 23
Page Setup, 36
Select Color, 36
Select Menu File, 168; 217; 270
Select Script File, 64
Select Shape or Font File, 122
Select Slide File, 79
Startup, 22
Startup Suit, 418

DBCONNECT MANAGER, 622

, 167; 216
, 180; 332
, 128
, 118
, 249
, 332
DCL, 524
, 28
, 180; 270; 331

764

SQL, 639
, 587

, 646

, 646
, 661
, 647
, 648
-, 659

ang, 652
ang(apex,p1,p2), 653
ang(apex,p1,p2,p), 654
ang(v), 652
ang(1,2), 653
cvunit, 660
dee, 657
ill(end,end,end,end), 655
ill(p1,p2,p3,p4), 654
nee, 656
pld, 650
plt, 650
rad, 649

, 169; 351
, 202
, 66
, 224
, 233
, 232
, 224
, 231
, 232


, 371

-LAYER, 34
-PLOT, 70
BHATCH, 129
CAL, 646
CHAMFER, 421
COMPILE, 122
DELAY, 65
EXPLODE, 139
HATCH, 129
LAYER, 34
LAYOUT, 36
LIMITS, 26; 31
LTSCALE, 32; 106
MENU, 158; 167; 216; 244
MENULOAD, 186
MSLIDE, 78
MVIEW , 36
OPTIONS, 132

PLINE, 38; 46
RECTANG, 31
REINIT, 154
RESUME, 66
ROTATE, 77
RSCRIPT, 64
SCRIPT, 57
SHELL, 86
TABLET, 244
TABLET
CFG, 247
TBCONFIG, 197
TEXTSIZE, 27; 31
UNITS, 27
VPOINT, 37
VPORTS, 40
VSLIDE, 79
ZOOM, 37
ZOOM
All, 26
ZOOM
Extents, 211
ZOOM
Window, 211; 228
HATCH, 129
LINETYPE
Create, 103
LINETYPE
Load, 105
STYLE, 395


, 519
, 519
, 519

, 175

, 247
- , 224

DIESEL, 571
Advanced Setup, 23
, 109

, 188
, 184

, 175; 354
, 208
, 210
, 218; 357
, 209
, 210
, 357
, 211
, 209
, 210

, 345
, 356
1, 332
2, 341
3, 341
4, 344
, 350
, 360


, 39
, 42
, 35
, 29

, 184

, 124
, 125
, 127
, 138
, 125

, 370
, 370
, 370


, 520
Object Snap, 26

, 196
, 191
, 201
, 200

, 208
, 242
, 245
, 253
, 244
, 332
, 250
, 243

, 296
, 178
, 179
, 180
, 179

, 201

, 506
, 199

765

Visual Basic, 587


Module, 589
Project Explorer, 587
Properties, 589
Toolbox, 590
, 596
UserForm, 590

AutoCAD, 635
Query Builder, 635
Quick Query, 635
Range Query, 635
SQL Query, 636

, 409

, 196

ANGBASE, 430
ANGDIR, 430
CELTSCALE, 110
LTSCALE, 108; 109
MACROTRACE, 576
MENUCTL, 254; 297
MENUECHO, 298
MODEMACRO, 569
OSMODE, 537
SCREENBOXES, 272
SCREENMODE, 305

, 78
, 88
, 78
, 82
, 79
, 78
, 84

, 115
, 120
, 115

, 159
, 330
, 330
, 331

, 527
, 375
005 006, 379
000, 376
001, 376
002, 376
003, 378
004, 379
007, 380
008, 381
009, 381
00D 13, 385
00 10, 381
00 11, 383

766

00 14, 386
00 12, 384

, 22
, 22
, 568
, 570

DIESEL, 577
, 620
, 54
, 66
, 67
, 57
, 64
, 65

, 389
, 389
, 391
, 390


, 112
, 98
, 100
, 99

, 529
, 189

acad.lin, 98; 101


acad.mnu, 158; 216; 270; 314
acad.pgp, 144

AutoCAD
, 151
, 151
, 152
, 154

AutoLISP
, 410
, 411
, 405
, 406
, 410
, 410
, 409
, 409
, 405
, 406
abs, 407
action_tile , 529
angtos, 408
atan, 408
atof, 538

cadr, 424
car, 424
cdr, 424
Command, 413
cos, 407
defun, 411
dimx_tile, 556
dimy_tile, 556
done_dialog, 529
end_image, 557
fill_image, 557
get_tile, 538
getangle, 430
getcorner, 420
getdist, 420
getint, 432
getorient, 431
getpoint, 413
getreal, 433
getstring, 433
getvar, 433
graphscr, 425
if, 444
itoa, 437
list, 423
load_dialog, 528
logand, 537
logior, 537
new_dialog, 528
polar, 434
princ, 425
progn, 448
prompt, 438
repeat, 451
rtos, 437; 538
set_tile, 538
setq, 412
setvar, 421
sin, 407
sqrt, 434
start_dialog, 529
start_image, 557
strcase, 438
terpri, 426
textscr, 425
unload_dialog, 528
value, 558
vector_image, 556
while, 448

DIESEL
, 579
, 580
, 578
, 578
, 579
, 579
, 579


, 578
, 577
, 578
angtos, 580
edtime, 582
eq, 580
eval, 580
fix, 581
getvar, 581
if, 581
rtos, 581
strlen, 582
upper, 582

Visual LISP
assoc, 504
cons, 504
entget, 504
entlast, 508
entmod, 505
entnext, 508
entsel, 508
ssadd, 503
ssdel, 503
ssget, 498
ssget, 500
sslength, 502
ssname, 502
subst, 505

, 469

, 22

, 266
, 274
, 294
DIESEL, 304
AutoLISP, 303
, 272
, 279
, 272
, 299
, 273
ASCII, 299


boxed_column, 532
boxed_radio_column, 541
boxed_row, 532
column, 532
edit_tile, 548
image, 552
radio_button, 541
radio_column, 541

radio_row, 542
row, 532
slider, 552
toggle, 532


AutoLISP, 404
DIESEL, 568
SQL, 634
Visual LISP, 460

AutoLISP
-, 442
, 406
, 412
, 417
, 405
, 407
, 443

DCL
, 520
, 519

Visual Basic
, 591
Add, 592
AddArc, 594
AddCircle, 592
AddLine, 593
AddText, 594
AngleFromXAxis, 607
Get
GetAngle, 601
GetDistance, 601
GetOrientation, 602
GetPoint, 600
PolarPoint, 606
, 591
, 590
, 595

Visual LISP
- , 470
, 471
, 465
, 460
, 473
, 488
, 498
, 489
, 471
, 469
, 472
, 472

, 568
, 634
, 516

767

AutoCAD

..
..
..
.. ,
.. ,
.. ,
.. ,
..


101509, . , . , . 43, . 1
06.12.2005. 70100/16
Times.
. . . 61,92. .-. . 36,69.
2000 .
.

. . .
.
197110, -, ., 15.