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!

"#$$%( Wuli Huaue Xuebao


994
)
Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. , !""!&#$ ( ) 994 ~ 997 November
2002-02-0 ()*+&2002-0-06 (),-+. ./0123 E-mail: gaoshli@nwu. edu. cn ( ) .
!
45678$9: 207036 ( );<
=>678$9: 99H03 ( )?<=>@ABCD8EFG 00JK3 ( )HIDJ
%& !"#$%&()*+,-
!
!"# $%& () *+,
(<=>!"KL#$MNOPQ, =RS$#$/&=T 70069)
./ UL- VWXYZ[X\]^_ab)\L- VWXcd&e80 1fZghMgO aijkl&m
dnopqKrstub L- VWXvwxyz . {#$^|}~!^|"#$%& Mg( C4H7O
)
2
(
H2O. IR )*^|+,, #-!.VWXU/9012Z Mg
2 +
34&Mg
2 +
sp
3
5#6&347 4.
TD-DTG 89:,&;e<^_.=>#?#@&ABCr?D&Mg OAc ( )
2
&EpD&MgO. {FGH<h
FIb$JKLMN !E 0 407. 34 4. 67 kJ ( ) (mol

, FO$PQLMR!!Hm
"
?PQD&R!"Hm
"
^S
3 249. 49 . 46 kJ ( ) (mol

? 2 786. 23 . 84 kJ ( ) (mol

.
012 L- : VWXv& uT& <^|& PQD&R
34567 O643 :
L- VWXU:VW2\XY&Z[:VW2
\Z]9X^_w8-AaG!b(?3{
[ ]
.
Ec&VWXdeg=LauT\
2-4 [ ]
&fgbh
DL- VWX&ijkl < 0% ( )mnASo^[
{W2pqr
- [ ]
&sb)tL- VWX&fguv
j&wk. xy0z{]^_r
6-7 [ ]
&{|}u\L-
VWXY.~!"qXd&#pH = ~ 7&$%gm
{b . &r7()&\*u&+ijk1 ( ,
90% ) . vdD-=LY./01~!2>&Mg
2 +
34567N\/Gd8M9\&:;<=>?@
\}ABCk&DEF6\G#/@0HIJMg
2 +
\6\/#
[8 ]
. K&ELL- VWXZv\#-!
8=09. L- VWXv\!#@ZL- VWXY
MNO&f$P9{QdURS?3TS&UZ
UdVWUXYZS{
[6 ]
. [\[6] %]^L- V
WXv\uT&[{ Vc Z MgCO3
? H2O2
aA
b>r-!;_r-!^Kr#-! . feuT
.&KD&\MgC2O4
carb\cd&A[ie
tfb1. Aghi
[9 ]
jk3uTgL- VWXl
?L- VWXY&m%]^;z\PQD&R
0 [ ]
.
n[UL- VWXZMgO ap\cdnoq
KrstubtMg(C4H2O
)
2
(H2O(BHPLC ^|
tf 99. 9% )&{#$^|;~!^|;IR )*;
TD-DTG ?h<rEL^;\"#@.
# 89:5
# # ;<=>?
L- XopX Vc ( );B. R. ( qRuSrs)m
H2O2
;CaCO3
;H2C2O4
?MgO hA. R. (=T#$
tWs)m2400 u~!^|v PE ( wx)mMg
2 +
y
h{ EDTA "#rI#mTG-7 u<M^|v PE (
wx)mBRUKER EQ UINOX-0 uz{|}~^
))fF KBr ( !")mRBC-"u#$FGH<h
F
[ ]
. OP(r?%&Z[\ 2 [ ]M. LMa
\()*f 2. 0000 0. 000 ( )1&*)0!
2 MPa&+6i!^|{[\ [ ] \(r&<pq
,?-.{Linio-Pyfengdelel-Wsava w/
3 [ ]
. [{
0{<-9Q12X (tf99. 999%&PQ0H3
4f&LMN 26 434 J(g

) =>P#&<hF
N5h 7 936. 0 9. 08 kJ ( ) (K

&#f. 06
0
4
.
# ! %& !"#$%&
# $%
4# %& !"#(@ABCDE% () FG
*+, # () -./0123 45 %&162/47+0 30+8 378
+1- 9/13: 049.4;78-
L-threonic acid, 2 Calcium L-threonate, ) )
3 Zinc L-threonate, 4 Magnesium L-threonate ) )
6. ^7i&8.|9L- VWXY?L- VWX
l\ IR 8*&;z\P99:;Gb(7<=a
+.
>8;+ ?[\ 6 [ ] Z?, 3a3YA@&
>aA9dBk@9:&5A9#-!\C-D
EF@G. 5cdnfHqk&OH IJ;Gb
(KLlM7(L4N&e 3 400 ~ 3 200 cm

O
9D PQAB\b(K; A9?R9S&TUV
[R9\WXYZ[l&b(LlM7(L4N\
739. cm

m]W/X\ O H IJ;Gb(4
a 3 00 cm

O&$_^2C-!KA9?R9
S&TUALlM7(L4N&e 3 200 ~ 2 00
cm

O9D PQA^\K&_PKeg?a
b9\IJ;GKMc&ddu/X.e\Y
ZK 2 928. cm (

)m3-!M3a3Y&$R9
b(4%e=G\f#&:,R9012ZZn
2 +
34&K3YC234A[/969/Xg@
&^hWKm$3iIJ;Gb(4a 400
cm

jx&3iIJ;Gb(e 60 ~ 0
cm

O&kYZ\Bb(K. A !C O
b(K\
4Nd34plm\no . 3 400 cm

\b(K
pQ&:,VWXvy=8qr&Ud;ZL- VW
Xl?L- VWXYIR 8\rS2>.
K&Zs&akvW2Z3Y\R903
4&kZ/9C234mAtA92b_W&
Z[\[] \8t>u&$.vW2 sp
3
5#&3
474&a/v/().
! < CDE%HIJK
8 2 #-! L- VWXv\ TG-DTG wx .
y8.ZUz9&{e|<p= 3 },~Mg
u. >a$~M!"j\OP-(#$f7-)ZF
O-(#$f%&.7-) ^(x&q2.li!
?E+i!\ IR )*8Z Sadtler PQ*8>u&
ZUs3-!\<^_L" (#$.l*f-
DTG K*):
i)*[\ 4- [ ](rub\L- VWXY+
Yyz0. 0 mol ca200 mL r.&,-fq.y
0. 0 mol [X\rcd&,- h&D&Shwx/
0&gmpmd.q.gh MgO yz&1q1,
-. 2*\80 1,-4 h&[\Q*3,- h&m
dbc\MgO&Vmd4!no\,30 mL&q.
00 mL Krst&{bwx/0&gm. {5hK
rst672 }&89f:;\JMT{.
! LM=NO
! # PE%Q,(RSK
i!B#$^|&Mg
2 +
yh8. 09%&FO-
7. 79% &~!^|OI- C 30. 92% &H
. 4%&FO-^S30. 7%?. 6%&Z?$
%&<-Mg(C4H7O
)
2
(H2O&i!\car&c
a2t&bcast.
! ! PE%LT5U
L- VWXZ L- VWXv\ IR )*v8 g
99 No. 123iL- VWXv\uT}PQD&R
V# %& !"#(@ABCDE%WXFGYZ
Table Data of IR absorption of main groups of L-threonic acid and its metal compounds cm (

)
4! %& !"#$% =>&>=? [\
*+, ! =?&>=? 0;2@/- 542 A+70 %&162/4731/
mol

.
< L O
UL- VWXZMgO ap\cdnoqKr
stubt#-!Mg(C4H7O
)
2
(H2O. $.VWX
U/9012ZMg
2 +
34&Mg
2 +
sp
3
5#6. =
#-!e<^_.=>#\?#@&8 1k>?
^_ MgO. ;\PQD&R 2 786. 23 (
Compounds !O H !C H !C = H !as COO ( ) !s COO ( ) !C O
L-threonic acid 3 366. 2 2 928. 739. 204. 092. 7
3. 0.
Zinc L-threonate 3 37. 8 2 93. 6 9. 8 48. 2 30. 28. 2 044. 8
Calcium L-threonate 3 30. 0 2 86. 6 606. 440. 376. 0 3. 024. 3
Magnesium L-threonate 3 40. 2 82. 4 67. 400. 9 303. 3 24. 6 074. 2
Mg
@
C4H7O
A
2
(H2O
60 1~ 96 1~ 49 1
94. 22% @94. 3% A
Mg
@
C4H7O
A
49 1~ 80 1~ 38 1
4. 9%
2
!4. 6% "
Mg
!
OAc
"
2. 7%
2
!2. 90% "
38 1~ 2 1~ 8 1
MgO
! B CDE%)*+,-
+2 L- VWXvJKLMN\I#89.
$PQLMR!!Hm
"
dB298. K ?0. MPa f&
f="CLMa\Rf
Mg
:
(C4H7O
)
2
(H2O(s + 7O )
2
(g)
MgO
=
(s + 8CO )
2
(g + 8H )
2O( ) ( l 3)
!!Hm
"
Z> (4) /Db 3 249. 99 . 46 kJ ( ) (
mol

!!Hm
"
= !E + !nRT (4)
I<<#$(u/ (3)&{Hess #EFO;\PQ
D&R:
!f Hm
"
= [!f, MgO( s ) Hm
"
+ 8 !f&CO2
@gAHm
"
+
8 !f&H2O@lAHm
"
] "c Hm
"
()
_F&!f, MgO( s ) Hm
"
= 60. 0 0. 30 kJ ( ) (mol

,
!f&CO2
@gAHm
"
= 393. 0. 3 kJ ( ) (mol

,
!f&H2O@lAHm
"
= 28. 83 0. 04 kJ ( ) (mol
7 [ ]
.
89Ob$PQD&R 2 786. 23 . 84 kJ ( ) (
# &%
V! %& !"#$]^_a%89LM
Table 2 The experimental results of constant-volume combustion energy for the magnesium L-threonate
Calibrated heat of Calibrated heat Calibrated Combustion energy
No. m ' g combustion wire of acid ! T K of sample
qc J qN J ! E (J(g

. 002 36 . 70 . 38 0. 80 7 0 408. 6
2 . 04 30 2. 60 . 6 0. 606 0 420. 00
3 0. 993 2 2. 60 . 33 0. 7 7 0 4. 38
4 0. 996 7 0. 80 . 3 0. 76 4 0 39.
. 024 2 2. 60 . 0 0. 92 3 0 39. 72
6 . 03 84 2. 60 . 44 0. 87 0 43. 26
Mean . 040 7. 34 4. 67
)
996
Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. ( Wuli Huaue Xuebao% !""! Vol. 8
Received: February 0, 2002; Revised: May 6, 2002. Correspondent: Gao Sheng-Li E-mail: gaoshli@nwu. edu. cn ( ) .
!
The Project Sup-
ported by NSFC 207036 and NSF of Shaanxi Province 99H03 ( ) ( )
. 84 kJ ) (mol

. _GHU3$Di?a{=>#
\B]IJ.
)/5/2/70/-
Sun XD, Yin XC, Zhu SR, Lin HK, Chen RD. Chem. J. Chin.
Univ. , #CC$D #C(6 : 849 ) [KLM&NLO&PQR, STQ, A
RU. 1i$,#$$%( Gaodeng Xueiao Huaue Xuebao),
#CC$D #C(6 : 849
2 Braon G.
) ]
J. Am. Chem. Soc., #C<"D E!F 367
3 Glattfeld J W E, Hoen R E. J. Am. Chem. Soc. , #C<ED EGF
40
4 Glattfeld J W E, Lee E C. J. Am. Chem. Soc., #CB"D H!F 34
Sun XD, Yin XC, Zhu SR, Lin HK, Chen RD. J. Inorg.
Chem. , #CC$D #B( : 09 ) [KLM, NLO, PQR, STQ,
ARU. KL#$$%( Wuji Huaue Xuebao), #CC$D #B()
09
:
6 Yu K, Wang ZW, Kou FP. CN Patent, 200 366 A, 998-
2-02
]
[a V&WX[&YZh. .4C3, 200, 366 A,
998-2- 02
7 Yu K, Kou F D, Wang Z W. WO Patent, 0 00 962, 2000-0-
02
8 Ouyang P, He G S. Metal Chelate Compound in Cell. Xi'an:
Shaanxi Sicence and Tedchnology Press, 989: 379
]
[ [\]&^
_D. :;.\:V-!. =T<=8$ab9cd&
989: 379
9 Chen SP, Ju ZF, Gao SL.
]
J. Appl. Chem. , !""#D #$(9 : 76 )
[Agh&efg&123. a{#$( Yingyong Huaue ),
!""#D #$(9 : 76
0 Chen S P, Ju Z F, Li H Y, Gao S L.
) ]
Chem. Pap. , !""#D EE
(4 : 239
Gao S L, Chen S P, Yang X W, Hu R Z, Shi Q Z.
)
Chinese
Journal of Chemistry, !""#D #C : 037
2 Yang XF, Yang XW, Sun LZ.
( )
Chem. J. Chin. Univ. , #C$HD
GF 363 [h}r&hij&Kkl. 1i$,#$$%
( Gaodeng Xueiao Huaue Xuebao), #C$HD GF 363
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]
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3462
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979: 29
7 Cox J D.
]
J. Chem. Thermodyn., #CG$D #"F 903
Synthei and Standard Enthalpy of Formation of Magneium L-Threonate
!
Gao Sheng-Li Yang Xu-Wu Chen San-Ping Ju Zhan-Feng
Shaani Key Laboratory of Physico-Inorganic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Northwest University, Xi' an 710069 ( )
IJ-12301 The white powder of magnesium L-threonate was obtained by extracting with alcohol the concen-
trated solution obtained from the reaction between L-threonic acid solution prepared by double decomposition
reaction of calcium L-threonate with oxalic acid and superfluous magnesium oxide at 80 1. The composition of
the new compound was determined by chemical and elemental analyses and its formula fits Mg(C4H7O
)
2
(H2O,
the IR spectra indicated that Mg
2 +
in the compound coordinates to oxygen atom of the carboxyl group, while th
proton of the carboxyl group is dissociated, it was assumed that the coordination number of Mg
e
2 +
was 4 . The
results of TG-DTG showed that the compound had fairish stability, the intermediate and final product of the
thermal decomposition of the compound are Mg(C4H7O
)
2, Mg CH (
3COO)
2 and MgO, respectively. The con-
stant volume combustion energy of the compound, !c E, was determined as 0 407. 34 4. 67 kJ ( ) (mol

by
a precise rotating-bomb calorimeter at 298. K, its standard enthalpies of combustion, !!Hm
"
, and standard
enthalpies of formation, "f Hm
"
, were calculated as 3 249. 49 . 46 kJ ( ) (mol

and 2 786. 23 . 84
kJ
( )
(mol

, respectively.
K/LM428-F Magnesium L-threonate, Synthesis, Thermal analysis, Standard enthalpies of formation
997 No. 123iL- VWXv\uT}PQD&R