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# Test V2 Ch6FyANVC07: Work, energy and the power Name: _________________________________________

## Warning: There are more than one versions of the test.

In the multi-choice problems below, i.e. problems 2-8 write the answer clearly in the space provided under the problem as alternative: ________. In some of these problems you may need to explain or show the details of your solutions. All explanations and solutions to these problems must be written clearly under the problem in the space provided to. The solutions to the problems 9-16 will be written in separate sheets available. Problems 14 and 15 are extremely important for the highest possible grade, MVG. You need at least an hour to solve these problems. Maximum score: 48/28/ G: 16 points VG: 32 points/ at least 9 VG points: MVG: 33 points/ at least 19 VG points; MVG-quality work
Elev nr: 0 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10a 10b 11 12 13a 13b 14 14 14 15a 15b 15 15 15 Sum 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 G G vg G vg G vg G vg G vg G vg G vg G vg 3 G 3 3 3 vg vg vg 2 G 3 vg 2 4 1 G vg mvg 1 G 1 vg 1 3 1 G vg mvg 2 mvg Summa varav 28 48 g&vg vg 16 32 33 9 19 X Ej deltagit Betyg enligt MVG VG G

## Only the marked problems in the box below will be graded.

Problem 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

1.

What are conservative and none-conservative forces? Explain. Give an example for each case. [2/0]

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## NV-College Student Number: Seat

2.

A hill has a height h = 60.0 m . A child on a sled slides down from rest at the top of the hill. The velocity of the sled at the bottom [1/0] a. b. c. d. depends on the angle of the hill if the surface of the hill is deep snow and therefore there is friction. does not depend on the angle of the hill even if the surface of the hill is deep snow and therefore there is friction. depends on the angle of the hill if the surface of the hill is icy and there is no friction. does not depend on the angle of the hill if the surface of the hill is icy and there is no friction. Answer: Alternative: ________________ [0/1]

3.

Two springs of different spring constant are compared in a physics lab. Spring A is stiffer than spring pendulum B , i.e. k A > k B . In each of the following cases, compare the work done on spring A and on spring B. Describe in each case, on which spring more work is done? [1/0] a. If they are stretched the same distance. b. If they are stretched the same distance using the same force. c. If they are stretched using the same force. Why? Motivate your answer. [0/1]

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## NV-College Student Number: Seat

4.

Two identical arrows, one with three times the speed of the other, are fired into a bale of hay. Assume the hey exerts the same constant retarding (friction) force on the arrows [1/0] a. b. c. d. They both will penetrate exactly the same. The faster arrow will penetrate three times further than the slower one. The faster arrow will penetrate nine times further than the slower one. None above. Answer: Alternative: ________________ [0/1]

5.

A pendulum is launched from a point that is a height h = 5.0 cm above its lowest point. The pendulum is launched in two different ways. During the launch, the bob is given an initial speed of 2.0 m / s . On the first launch, the initial velocity of the bob is directed upward along the trajectory, and on the second launch it is directed downward along the trajectory. [1/0] a. b.

2 .0 m / s upward

c.

d.

In both trajectory, the pendulum to swing the same largest angle from the equilibrium position. 2 .0 m / s The first launch, i.e. when the initial velocity of downward the bob is directed downward along the trajectory, the pendulum to swing the largest angle from the equilibrium position. The second launch, i.e. when the initial velocity of the bob is directed upward along the trajectory, the pendulum to swing the largest angle from the equilibrium position. None above. Answer: Alternative: ________________

[0/1]

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## NV-College Student Number: Seat

6.

60.0 kg Boby runs up a flight of stairs in 10.0 s . The vertical height of stairs is 11.0 m . The power output of Magnus is: [1/0] 66 W a) b) 54.5 W c) 648 W d) 6500 W Why? Show the details of your calculations: [0/1] Solution: Answer: Alternative ______

7.

At room temperature, an oxygen molecule, with mass of 5.3110 26 kg has a kinetic energy of 6.21 10 21 J . How fast is it moving? a) b) c) d) [1/0]

5

## Why? Show the details of your calculations: Solution:

8.

How much work is required to stop a proton moving at 4.5 10 5 m / s ? Mass of proton is 1.67 10 27 kg . a) b) c) d) [1/0]

3.53 10

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## NV-College Student Number: Seat

9.

What happens to the gravitational potential energy when water at the top of a waterfall falls to the pool below? Describe the energy transformation in the process in a sufficient detail. [1/1]

10.

The x component of the force on an object varies as shown below. Determine the work done by the force to move the object [3/0] i from x = 0.0 to x = 30.0 m , ii from x = 0.0 to x = 90.0 m . [0/3]
Force_Displacement 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 -100 0 -200 -300 -400 -500 -600

F [N]

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

x [m]

11.

A pump is to lift 2000. lit of water per minute through a height of 75.0 m . What minimum output power should the pump motor have? [0/3]

12.

If the speed of a car is tripled, by what factor will its minimum breaking distance be increased, assuming all else is the same? Ignore the drivers reaction time. [0/3] A 65 kg trampoline artist jumps vertically upward from the top of a platform with a speed of 4.5 m / s a) How fast is she going as she lands on the trampoline, 3.5 m below? [2/0] b) If the trampoline behaves like a spring of spring constant 55.0 kN / m , how far does she depress it? [0/3]

13.

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## NV-College Student Number: Seat

At the aspect assessment of your work with exercise 14 and 15 the teacher will consider the depth of understanding of physics you have demonstrated how well you have carried through the task how well you have explained your work and motivated your conclusions how well you have accounted for your work.

14.

One car has nine times the mass of a second car, but one-ninth as much kinetic energy. When both cars increase their speed by 10.0 m / s , they then have the same kinetic energy. What were the original speeds of the two cars? [2/4/]

15.

If you stand on a bathroom scale, the spring inside the scale compresses 0.40 mm , and tells you your weight. You jump on the scale from a height of 100.0 cm . a) Describe the energy transformation in the process. [1/1] b) Calculate the reading of the scale at its peak. [1/3/]