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# BA578Assignment-1 due by Midnight (11:59pm) Sunday, September 11th , 2011 (Chapters 1, 2 and 3) True/False questions carry 1 point each,

Multiple Choices carry two points each and the Essay type questions carry 4 points each. The total score is 60 points. True/False Chapter 1 1. If we examine some of the population measurements, we are conducting a sample of the population. TRUE 2. An example of a qualitative variable is the miles per gallon rate of a car. FALSE 3. Census always gives more accurate values than a sample. FALSE 4. An individuals credit score is an example of an interval scale variable. TRUE 5. The telephone number of an individual is an example of an Ordinal scale variable. FALSE Chapter 2 6. The sample cumulative distribution function is initially increasing, then decreasing. FALSE 7. A bar chart is a graphic that can be used to depict qualitative data. TRUE 8. When we wish to summarize the proportion (or fraction) of items in a class we use the relative frequency distribution. TRUE
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Chapter 3 9. The income distribution is skewed to the right; therefore the Median Income must be less than the Mean Income. TRUE book page 119 10. The range of the measurement is the largest measurement plus the smallest measurement. FALSE book page125 and My Instructions on Ch 3 11. The median is said to be less resistant to extreme values. FALSE My Instructions on Ch 3 12. If there are 7 classes in a frequency distribution then the fourth class must contain the Median. FALSE (depends on how the class frequencies are distributed among the classes)

Multiple Choices Chapter 1 1. Ratio variables have the following characteristics: A. Meaningful order B. An inherently defined zero value C. Categorical in nature D. Predictable 2. Which of the following is a categorical (qualitative) variable? A. Air Temperature B. Bank Account Balance C. Daily Sales in a Store D. Whether a Person Has a Traffic Violation E. Both A and D

3. Which of the following is a quantitative variable? A. The make of a TV B. A person's gender C. The age of a house D. Whether a person is a college graduate E. Whether a person has a charge account
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4. The two types of quantitative variables are: A. Ordinal and ratio B. Interval and ordinal C. Nominative and ordinal D. Interval and ratio E. Nominative and interval 5. Letter Grade is an example of a(n) ________ variable. A. Nominative B. Ordinal C. Interval D. Ratio

Chapter 2 6. A company collected the ages from a random sample of its middle managers with the resulting frequency distribution shown below: Class Interval 20 - 25 25 - 30 30 - 35 35 - 40 40 45 45 50 Frequency 8 16 11 5 7 6

What would be the approximate shape of the relative frequency histogram? (You can draw the histogram to give you a visual impression). A. Symmetrical B. Uniform C. Multiple peak D. Skewed to the left E. Skewed to the right

## class 20-25 25-30 30-35 35-40 40-45 45-50

Freq 8 16 11 5 7 6

Freq
18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 20-25 25-30 30-35 35-40 40-45 45-50 Freq

It is clearly skewed to the right (long right-tail) and one highest peak.

7. A(n) ______ is a graph of a cumulative relative frequency distribution. A. Ogive B. Scatter plot C. Histogram D. Frequency Polygon 8. If there are 50 values in a data set, how many classes should be created for a frequency histogram? A. 4 B. 5 C. 6 D. 7 E. 8

Chapter 3 9. According to a survey of the top 10 employers in a major city in the Midwest, a worker spends an average of 413 minutes a day on the job. Suppose the standard deviation is 25 minutes and the time spent is approximately a normal distribution. What are the times that approximately 99.73% of all workers will fall? A. [388 438] B. [338 488] C. [363 463] D. [338 438] E. [388 488] 10. In a statistic class, 10 scores were randomly selected with the following results were obtained: 74, 73, 77, 77, 71, 68, 65, 77, 67, 66 What is the median? A. 71.5 B. 72.0 C. 77.0 D. 71.0 E. 73.0 11. In a statistic class, 10 scores were randomly selected with the following results were obtained (mean=71.5): 74, 73, 77, 77, 71, 68, 65, 77, 67, and 66. What is the standard deviation? A. 22.72 B. 12.00 C. 4.77 D. 516.20 E. 144.00 12. When using the Chebyshevs theorem to obtain the bounds for a 99.73 percent of the values in a population, the interval generally will be ___________ the interval obtained for the same percentage if normal distribution is assumed (empirical rule). A. Wider than B. Narrower than C. The same as D. greater than or less than (depending on the size of the standard deviation) Book pages 131-132 and My Instructions on Ch 3 page 13.

13. Find the z-score for a IQ test score of 90 when the mean is 100 and the standard deviation is 12. A. 7.5 B. -0.7.5 C. -0.83 D. 0.83 E. -10 14. Time to degree has become a hot topic with federal legislators. At one state university it was necessary to do a quick calculation when one of the local congressmen called the president. Twenty students were randomly selected from the most recent graduating class and the number of semesters they were enrolled was calculated (mean=9.6) 7, 8, 10, 11, 8, 6, 10, 9, 9, 8, 13, 12, 8, 11, 11, 14, 8, 7, 10, 12 What is the variance? A. 8 B. 2.16 C. 9.5 D. 4.67 E. 21.846 You dont need to show the following table (I obtained using MegaStat) but I am giving it to show how quickly you can get answer with MegaStat Descriptive statistics count mean sample variance sample standard deviation minimum maximum range #1 20 9.60 4.67 2.16 6 14 8

Or you can use calculator and the formula given in the book and my instructions for sample variance if you find it difficult to use MegaStat.

Essay Type Questions Chapter 2 1. Consider the following data on distances traveled by 40 people to visit the local amusement park. distance 1-8 9-16 17-24 25-32 33-40 total freq 15 12 7 5 1 40

Expand and construct the table adding columns for relative frequency and cumulative relative frequency. distance freq rel.fr cum.rel.fr 1-8 15 0.375 0.375 9-16 12 0.3 0.675 17-24 7 0.175 0.85 25-32 5 0.125 0.975 33-40 1 0.025 1 total 40 1 na

2. For the above Table (in question 1) construct the histogram of frequencies, plot the frequency polygon and the Ogive curve using Excel.

freq
16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1-8 9-16 17-24 25-32 33-40 freq

16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1-8 miles 9-16 miles 17-24 miles 25-32 miles 33-40 miles

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3. Fill in the missing components of the following frequency distribution constructed for a sample size of 50.

## (Use simple calculator and knowledge about frequency table)

4. The number of weekly sales calls by a sample of 25 pharmaceutical salespersons is below: 24, 56, 43, 35, 37, 27, 29, 44, 34, 28, 33, 28, 46, 31, 38, 41, 48, 38, 27, 29, 37, 33, 31, 40, and 50. Construct a histogram and plot the frequency polygon.
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(Use Excel: Instructions given in Instructions for Chapter 2 and also in Textbook Appendix of Chapter 2) Using Excel, Data, then Data analysis, then Histogram (living bin blank) and checking appropriate boxes you can get Cumulative % 4.00% 28.00% 52.00% 80.00% 92.00% 100.00%

## Bin Frequency 24 1 30.4 6 36.8 6 43.2 7 49.6 3 More 2

Histogram
8 7 100.00% 6 80.00% 5 Frequency 4 3 40.00% 2 20.00% 1 0 24 30.4 36.8 Bin 43.2 49.6 More 0.00% 60.00% 120.00%

Frequency Cumulative %

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frequency polygon
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1 3 2 freq 6 6 7

Some of you have determined five classes on your own and specified the bin ranges, which is also good. The answers will look different but both are acceptable, because the rule is only a recommendation or guide. There can be a little variation from the rule depending on the nature of the data or the problem under study. However in this course if you have to decide the number of classes on your own then follow the rule. If you let the computer determine the number of classes leaving the bin rane blank, that is good too. Finally, MegaStat and excel will give a little different answers depending on how they interpret the class boundaries (whether to include the upper limit of a class boundary or the lower limit). But both are acceptable. A researcher makes the final judgement . Suppose a researcher decided after looking at the data that the lower boundary should be 24 and number of classes only 5, and wanted to use MegaStat, then: Go to Excel, type the data as it is given (no need to order), go to Add-Ins, then MegaStat, then Frequency Dtistribution-Quantitative, then select the range of input, put 21 as lower boundary and 6 as class interval (6 as class intervals gives 6 classes in this case which the researcher finds too many for 25 observations), then check for histogram, ogives etc, and click ok. The result is as follows which different from above but is equally acceptable.

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cumulative

## < < < < <

upper midpoint width frequency percent frequency percent 31 28 7 7 28.0 7 28.0 38 35 7 8 32.0 15 60.0 45 42 7 6 24.0 21 84.0 52 49 7 3 12.0 24 96.0 59 55 7 1 4.0 25 100.0 25 100.0
Histogram

Percent

## 35.0 30.0 25.0 20.0 15.0 10.0 5.0 0.0

Cumulative Percent

Percent

75.0

50.0

25.0

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0.0 17 24 31 38 Data 45 52

Chapter 3 5. The following frequency table summarizes the ages of 60 shoppers at the local grocery store.

First calculate the sample mean for the above frequency table using the method for grouped data. Then, calculate the sample variance and sample standard deviation for this data set. Age of the shopper Frequency(f) 15-23 10 24-32 21 33-41 10 42-50 8 51-59 5 60-68 6 TOTAL 60 = N = (f * M) / N = 2175/60 = 36.25 Mi - -17.25 -8.25 0.75 9.75 18.75 27.75 Midpoint(Mi) 19 28 37 46 55 64 --------------f* Mi 190 588 370 368 275 384 2175

(Mi - )2 297.5625 68.0625 0.5625 95.0625 351.5625 770.0625 Total 2 2 s = (f * (Mi - ) ) / (N-1) = 11549.25 / 59 = 195.75 f 10 21 10 8 5 6 Mi 19 28 37 46 55 64 s = square root of sample variance = 13.99

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