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Table of Contents

Introduction...............................................................................2 Siemens.Residential.Products...................................................4 Residential.Power.Distribution. .................................................6 . Power.Quality............................................................................8 Causes.of.Surges.................................................................... 2 Surge.Protection.Terminology.................................................. 5 Whole-House.Protection.Strategy...........................................2 Point-of-Entry.Surge.Protection...............................................26 Signal.Line.Surge.Protection...................................................32 . Point-of-Use.Surge.Protection.................................................33 Commercial.and.Industrial.TVSSs............................................36 Review.Answers......................................................................38 Final.Exam...............................................................................39 quickSTEP.Online.Courses......................................................44

Introduction

Welcome.to.another.course.in.the.STEP.series,.Siemens. Technical.Education.Program,.designed.to.prepare.our. distributors.to.sell.Siemens.Energy.&.Automation.products. more.effectively..This.course.covers.Basics of Surge Protection..Although.some.of.the.products.included.in.this. course.are.used.in.a.variety.of.commercial.applications,.the. emphasis.of.this.course.will.be.on.surge.products.used.in. residential.and.light.commercial.applications. Upon.completion.of.Basics of Surge Protection,.you.should. be.able.to: . . . . . Describe.the.damaging.effects.of.lightning.strikes.and. other.electrical.surges Explain.the.need.for.surge.protection Explain.the.difference.between.point-of-use.and.point-ofentry.surge.protectors Explain.the.need.for.whole-house.surge.protection.and. how.to.achieve.it Identify.and.describe.each.of.the.various.surge.protection. products.in.the.Siemens.residential.product.line

This.knowledge.will.help.you.better.understand.customer. applications..In.addition,.you.will.be.able.to.describe.products. to.customers.and.determine.important.differences.between. products..You.should.complete.Basics of Electricity.and.Basics of Load Centers.or.have.a.basic.understanding.of.electrical. concepts.before.attempting.Basics of Surge Protection. If.you.are.an.employee.of.a.Siemens.Energy.&.Automation. authorized.distributor,.fill.out.the.final.exam.tear-out.card.and. mail.in.the.card..We.will.mail.you.a.certificate.of.completion.if. you.score.a.passing.grade..Good.luck.with.your.efforts. Siemens.is.a.trademark.of.Siemens.AG..Product.names. mentioned.may.be.trademarks.or.registered.trademarks.of.their. respective.companies..Specifications.are.subject.to.change. without.notice. National.Electrical.Code.and.NEC.are.registered.trademarks. of.the.National.Fire.Protection.Association,.Quincy,.MA.0269.. Underwriters.Laboratories.Inc..and.UL.are.registered. trademarks.of.Underwriters.Laboratories.Inc.,.Northbrook,.IL. 60062-2096. Other.trademarks.are.the.property.of.their.respective.owners.

Siemens Residential Products

Siemens.manufactures.a.variety.of.electrical.distribution. products.for.residential.applications..Central.to.these. applications.are.load centers.and.associated.circuit breakers,. which.control.the.distribution.of.electrical.power.throughout.the. home..Refer.to.the.STEP.course.titled.Basics of Load Centers. for.additional.information.regarding.these.products.
Circuit Breaker & TVSS GFCI Breaker

AFCI Breaker

AFC
TEST

1-Pole QP

2-Pole QP QT Duplex

QT Triplex

Surge Protection Products.

Load.centers.with.standard.residential.circuit.breakers.cannot. protect.a.home.from.damaging.electrical.surges.such.as. those.produced.by.lightning..Siemens.offers.a.variety.of. products.designed.to.protect.the.home.from.such.electrical. surges..Siemens.electrical.surge.protection.products.work.in. conjunction.with.load.centers.and.circuit.breakers.to.provide. more.complete.residential.circuit.protection.. Siemens.also.provides.products.used.for.surge.protection. in.commercial.and.industrial.applications;.however,.Siemens. surge.protection.products.intended.for.residential.and.light. commercial.applications.are.the.focus.of.this.course.

Phase Indicators
L2

On-Full Protection

Off-No Proection
L1

CAUTION

DANGER
HAZARDOUS VOLTAGE
Disconnect all power supplying this equipment before replacing. Failure to do so will result in death or serious injury.

SURGE ARRESTER
MODEL: TPS-ASA1
120-240VAC MCOV-175VAC (L-G) WHITE-GROUND BLACK-LINE

SURGE ARRESTER
MODEL: TPS-ESA3
120-240VAC MCOV-175VAC (L-G) WHITE-GROUND BLACK-LINE

C0401 C UL
o

e103120

2E03

US LISTED

C0401 C UL
o

e103120

2E03

US LISTED

OUT
OUT

TPS COAX

IN

TPS TEL

IN

Residential Power Distribution

Electrical.energy.is.generated.at.a.power.plant.and.sent. over.transmission.lines.at.a.voltage.high.enough.for.efficient. transmission..At.various.points.in.the.distribution.system,. energy.is.drawn.from.the.power.lines.and.stepped.down.to.a. lower.voltage.at.substations..Each.substation.further.distributes. the.electrical.energy.to.nearby.customers..When.the.energy. reaches.its.final.destination.at.a.residential.customer,.the. voltage.is.further.stepped.down.to.240.volts..

Power Supply.

The.most.common.supply.system.used.in.U..S..residential. applications.today.is.a.single-phase, three-wire.system..In.this. system,.there.are.20.volts.between.either.hot.wire.and.neutral. and.240.volts.between.the.two.hot.wires..The.20.volt.supply. is.used.for.general-purpose.receptacles.and.lighting..The.240. volt.supply.is.used.for.heating,.cooling,.cooking,.and.other.highdemand.loads.

Service Entrance.

Power,.purchased.from.a.utility.company,.enters.the.house. through.a.metering.device.and.connects.to.a.load.center..This. is.the.service entrance..Residential.service.can.come.from. an.overhead.utility.transformer.or.from.a.lateral.service.run. underground.

Transformer Load Center Meter Transformer Meter Load Center

Overhead Service

Lateral Service

Distribution.

Load.centers.provide.circuit.control.and.overcurrent protection..Power.is.distributed.from.the.load.center.to.various. branch.circuits.for.lighting,.appliances,.and.electrical.outlets..

Load Center

Disconnect

Meter

Power Quality

Voltage.used.in.the.home.can.be.represented.by.a.sine wave.. Ideally,.a.sine.wave.would.be.smooth.and.free.of.disturbances.. However,.even.the.best.power.distribution.systems.are.subject. to.voltage.fluctuations..

Voltage Variations.

Voltage.changes.can.range.from.small.voltage.fluctuations.of. short.duration.to.a.complete.outage.for.an.extended.period.of. time..Undervoltage.occurs.when.voltage.decreases.below. normal.rated.tolerance..An.undervoltage.is.often.referred.to.as. a.sag.when.the.duration.is.short,.typically.no.more.than.a.few. seconds.. Overvoltages.occur.when.voltage.increases.above.normal. rated.tolerance..An.overvoltage.is.often.referred.to.as.a.swell. when.the.disturbance.lasts.a.short.duration,.typically.no.more. than.a.few.seconds.
Normal +10% 100% -10% 0V -10% 100% +10% Outage/Sustained Power Interruption Fluctuations Swell or Overvoltage

Sag or Undervoltage * Based on equipment with normal rated voltage tolerance of +/-10%

Very Short Duration Disturbances

Many.voltage.fluctuations.are.even.shorter.in.duration.than.sags and.swells..Very.short.duration.disturbances.may.be.called.a. transient,.impulse,.spike,.or.if.opposite.in.polarity.to.the.sine. wave,.a.notch..One.common.term.used.to.describe.a.very. short.duration.rise.in.voltage.and.current.is.a.surge. The.definition.for.a.surge.varies,.but,.in.general,.it.is.an.increase. of.at.least.ten.percent.in.current.and.voltage.that.typically.lasts. only.a.few.microseconds..Although.the.duration.of.a.surge.is. very.short,.the.amount.of.electrical.energy.associated.with.a. surge.can.be.significant.because,.during.a.surge,.voltage.can. rise.to.as.much.as.a.few.thousand.volts.

Surges.

In.spite.of.the.efforts.of.electric.utilities.to.minimize.voltage. fluctuations.and.electronic.equipment.manufacturers.to.protect. equipment,.electronic.equipment.is.still.susceptible.to.damage. anytime.the.supply.voltage.exceeds.the.manufacturers. recommended.tolerance.. Large.surges,.such.as.those.caused.by.lighting,.can.result. in.immediate,.catastrophic.failure.of.electronic.equipment.. However,.even.smaller.surges.occurring.repetitively.can,.over. time,.degrade.and.eventually.damage.electronic.equipment.


0.01 Cycle 0.01 Cycle

400% 300% 200% 100%

400% 300% 200% 100%

A large surge can cause immediate damage

Even small, repetitive surges can, over time, damage equipment

Sensitive Equipment in the Home.

By.now.you.may.be.wondering.what.all.of.this.has.to.do.with the.average.home.owner..In.the.past,.it.was.considered. sufficient.for.home.power.distribution.systems.to.provide.short. circuit.and.overload.protection..More.recently,.selected.circuits. have.been.required.to.have.ground.fault.or.arc.fault.protection.. In.general,.the.purpose.of.most.protective.devices.in.a.home. power.distribution.system.is.safety.and.not.equipment. protection. Todays.modern.homes,.however,.are.full.of.complex.and. sensitive.electronic.equipment..Many.homes.now.have.a. variety.of.electronic.entertainment.devices,.home.appliances. often.incorporate.electronic.circuits,.and.computers.and.office. equipment.are.also.commonly.used.in.the.home..While.the. value.of.these.systems.varies,.it.is.not.uncommon.for.a.typical. home.to.have.thousands.of.dollars.of.electronic.equipment,.and. it.can.take.as.little.as.one.surge.to.damage.these.devices.

Function of a Surge Protective.Device.

As.the.name.implies,.the.function.of.a.surge protective device (SPD).is.to.provide.a.degree.of.protection.for.electrical. equipment.from.the.damaging.effects.of.electrical.surges..The. amount.of.protection.provided.depends.upon.the.ratings.of.the. device.. The.way.that.an.SPD.protects.an.electrical.circuit.is.by.limiting. the.voltage.that.can.be.applied.to.the.protected.circuit.in.the. event.of.a.surge..This.requires.the.SPD.to.channel.the.excess. energy.of.the.surge.away.from.the.protected.circuit.to.ground. through.the.SPD.

0

Review 1. .. The.most.common.supply.system.used.in.residential. applications.is.a._______.-phase,._______.-wire.system.

2.. In.a.typical.U..S..residential.electrical.system,.the. voltage.between.the.two.hot.wires.is.240.volts,.and.the. voltage.from.either.hot.wire.to.the.neutral.wire.is._____. volts. 3.. A.short.duration.undervoltage.is.sometimes.called.a . ________,.and.a.short.duration.overvoltage.is. sometimes.called.a.________. 4.. A.________.is.an.increase.of.at.least.ten.percent.in. current.and.voltage.that.typically.lasts.only.a.few. microseconds.. 5.. In.general,.the.purpose.of.most.protective.devices.in. a.home.power.distribution.system.is.________.and.not. equipment.protection. 6.. An.SPD.protects.an.electrical.circuit.by.limiting.the. ________.applied.to.the.protected.circuit.in.the.event.of. a.surge.



Causes of Surges

Surges from Outside. the Home

Surges.can.be.caused.by.sources.outside.a.home,.such.as when.large.electrical.loads.are.turned.on.and.off..Disturbances. can.result.from.the.routine.operation.of.electrical.machinery.at.a. nearby.factory.or.large.commercial.facility,.but.they.can.also.be. caused.by.the.electric.utilities.protective.devices.. The.most.damaging.source.of.electrical.surges,.however,.is. lightning..Lightning.is.caused.by.the.attraction.of.positive.and. negative.charges.in.the.atmosphere..This.results.in.a.buildup. and.discharge.of.electrical.energy..Lightning.can.occur.within.a. cloud,.from.cloud.to.cloud,.or.from.cloud.to.earth..According.to. the.National.Oceanic.and.Atmospheric.Administration.(NOAA),. there.are.an.estimated.2000.thunderstorms.at.any.given. moment.in.the.world,.resulting.in.00.lightning.strikes.every. second..In.the.United.States.alone,.there.are.over.22.million. lightning.strikes.in.an.average.year..A.typical.lightning.strike. might.range.from.20,000.to.00,000.amps.at.a.potential.of.up. to.30.million.volts.

2000 thunderstorm are occuring in the world at any given time 100 lightning strikes every second Over 8 million lightning strikes every day Over 22 million lightning strikes in the United States in an average year

2

Electrical Equipment . Damage

Lightning.does.not.have.to.strike.a.home,.or.near.a.home.to cause.electrical.damage..A.lightning.strike.on.a.power.line. several.miles.away.still.has.the.potential.to.cause.extensive. electrical.damage.in.a.home..In.addition.to.causing.surges.on. the.power.line,.lightning.can.also.cause.damaging.surges.on. telephone.lines.and.TV.cables.

Thunderstorm Locations.

Thunderstorms.occur.everywhere.in.the.United.States..The. following.map.shows.the.approximate.mean.annual.number.of. days.with.thunderstorms.in.the.United.States.


20 <10 50 20 10 30 40 50 <10 40 30 100 60 60 60 70 40 50 40 70 80 90 80 70 30 30 30 20 10

3

Surges from Within. the Home.

In.addition.to.external.sources.of.electrical.surges,.devices.in. or.near.the.home.also.produce.electrical.surges..For.example,. electrical.appliances.that.incorporate.electric.motors.or.turn.on. or.off.very.quickly.also.cause.power.surges.


Air Conditioner

Microwave Oven

Computer

Garage Door Opener Gas Stove with Electronic Ignition

Refrigerator

4

Surge Protection Terminology

There.are.a.variety.of.SPDs.available.to.protect.sensitive. electronic.equipment.from.surges..In.order.to.understand.these. devices,.it.is.necessary.to.understand.some.basic.terminology. Joule Rating. One.of.the.more.common.ratings.for.an.SPD.is.the.amount. of.electrical.energy.the.device.can.absorb.in.a.designated. time.without.failing..This.rating.is.sometimes.called.the.joule rating.because.the.joule (J).is.a.basic.unit.of.measurement.for. energy..However,.this.rating.is.often.referred.to.by.other.names. such.as.transient energy rating.or.single pulse energy dissipation rating.. In.theory,.the.higher.the.joule.rating,.the.more.energy.an. SPD.can.channel.away.from.the.protected.circuit..However,. procedures.for.testing.the.amount.of.single.pulse.energy.that. an.SPD.can.dissipate.without.failing.vary,.so.the.joule.rating. should.be.considered.in.the.context.of.other.ratings.provided.by. an.SPD.supplier. One.way.to.think.about.the.concept.of.a.joule.of.electrical. energy.is.to.relate.it.to.another.more.familiar.electrical.unit,.a. watt..One.watt.is.the.basic.unit.of.measurement.for.power,.and. power.is.the.rate.at.which.energy.is.used..More.specifically,.for. every.watt.of.power,.one.joule.of.energy.is.used.every.second. (joules.=.watts.x.seconds)..This.means.that.a.common.5.watt. light.bulb.uses.5.joules.of.energy.per.second.

75 Watts = 75 Joules per Second

5

It.is.important.to.note.that.an.SPDs.joule.rating.applies.to.the. energy.bypassed.by.the.SPD..The.lamp.that.uses.5.joules.per. second.when.operated.for.more.than.a.few.seconds.would. appear.to.far.exceed.the.capability.of.a.surge.suppressor.rated. for.500.joules..However,.the.SPD.does.not.absorb.energy. delivered.to.the.load.. Metal Oxide Varistor (MOV). A.metal oxide varistor (MOV).is.a.device.commonly.used. in.an.SPD.to.provide.a.path.for.excess.energy..There.are.two. characteristics.of.MOVs.that.make.them.desirable.for.surge. protection..First,.the.resistance.of.an.MOV.decreases.with. an.increase.in.voltage..In.addition,.MOVs.are.fast.acting.and. can.respond.to.a.surge.in.just.a.few.nanoseconds..This.results. in.suppressing.a.surge.before.it.has.a.chance.to.damage. electronic.equipment.

MOV

Circuit Symbol

Clamping Voltage.

Clamping voltage.is.a.measure.of.the.voltage-limiting. capability.of.an.MOV..Voltage.at.a.lower.level.than.the.clamping. voltage.is.passed.on.to.the.load..When.a.surge.occurs,.the. MOV.attempts.to.limit.the.excess.voltage.to.the.level.of.the. clamping.voltage.by.channeling.excess.energy.to.ground.

Unsuppressed Surge

Suppressed Surge

6

Peak (or Impulse) Current . Rating

The.peak current rating,.also.sometimes.called.the.impulse current rating,.specifies.the.maximum.current.that.can.be. dissipated.from.a.single.surge.without.causing.the.SPD.to. fail..Over.time,.however,.even.the.best.MOVs.degrade.in. performance.if.subjected.to.surges..This.is.why.SPDs.are.often. equipped.with.one.or.more.indicator.lights.to.show.if.the.SPD.is. still.protecting.the.associated.circuits. Under.normal.conditions,.an.MOV.provides.a.very.high. resistance.path..Resistance.can.be.several.hundred.thousand. ohms,.limiting.the.current.flowing.through.the.MOV.and. allowing.most.of.the.current.to.flow.through.the.load..In. residential.applications,.the.load.is.all.electrical.devices. connected.to.the.power.source.
Fuse Inductor

MOV Operation.

120 VAC Power Supply

MOV

Load

Normal Voltage

The.clamping.voltage.rating.of.an.MOV.is.greater.than.the. normal.supply.voltage..Therefore,.when.a.surge.occurs.and. the.clamping.voltage.rating.of.the.MOV.is.exceeded,.the. MOV.switches.from.a.high.resistance.path.to.a.low.resistance. path.and.excess.energy.passes.through.the.MOV.to.ground,. bypassing.the.connected.load.. In.addition.to.MOVs,.SPDs.may.have.inductors.or.other.filter. elements.to.further.reduce.the.effects.of.a.surge.and.may. incorporate.a.fuse.or.other.protective.devices.to.insure.safe. operation.of.the.SPD.
Fuse Inductor

120 VAC Power Supply

MOV

Load

Surge Voltage



Surge Protective Device. (SPD)..

The.term.surge protective device (SPD).can.refer.to.a.device designed.to.provide.a.degree.of.protection.against.electrical. surges.regardless.of.its.placement.with.respect.to.the.service. entrance.main.overcurrent.protection.device..However,.the. 2008.National Electrical Code.identifies.four.types.of.SPDs.. . Type 1.-.An.SPD.permanently.mounted.between.the. service.transformers.secondary.and.the.services.main. overcurrent.protection.device..This.type.of.SPD.is.also. referred.to.as.a.surge arrester. Type 2.-.An.SPD.permanently.mounted.on.the.load.side.of. the.services.main.overcurrent.protection.device..This.type. of.SPD.is.also.referred.to.as.a.transient voltage surge suppressor.or.TVSS. Type 3.-.A.point-of-use.SPD..This.type.of.SPD.is.also. referred.to.as.a.transient.voltage.surge.suppressor.or. TVSS..Point-of-use.SPDs.are.discussed.later.in.this.course. Type 4.-.An.SPD.component.or.assembly..This.includes. MOVs.and.assemblies.containing.MOVs.and.related. components.

. .

Type 1 SPD.

The.following.illustration.shows.an.example.of.a.type..SPD. (surge.arrester).installed.in.an.application.with.a.single-phase,. three-wire.service..Note.that.the.SPD.is.installed.on.the.line side.of.main.overcurrent.protection.device,.which.in.this.case.is. a.circuit.breaker.


A Power Source N B

Type 1 SPD

Service Entrance Load Center

8

Type 2 SPD.

The.following.illustration.shows.an.example.of.a.type.2.SPD. (TVSS).installed.in.an.application.with.a.single-phase,.three-wire. service..Note.that.the.SPD.is.installed.on.the.load side.of.main. overcurrent.protection.device.


A Power N Source B

Type 2 SPD

Service Entrance Load Center

Refer.to.2008.National Electrical Code article 285.for. additional.information.regarding.SPDs.rated.for.kV.or.less. In.the.United.States,.the.most.widely.known.company. that.tests.and.lists.electrical.products.is.Underwriters Laboratories (UL)..The.UL.specification.that.applies.to.SPDs. is.UL 1449..This.specification.provides.detailed.descriptions.of. SPD.requirements.and.testing. Another.important.SPD.standard.is.NEMA LS 1-1992 Standard for Low Voltage Surge Suppression Devices.

9

Review 2. .. ________.is.the.most.damaging.source.of.surges. 2.. In.addition.to.causing.surges.on.the.power.line,. lightning.can.also.cause.damaging.surges.on.________. and.________. 3.. The.________.rating,.or.transient.energy.rating,.of. an.SPD.is.an.indication.of.how.much.energy.a.surge. protector.can.absorb.in.a.designated.time.without. failing. 4.. An.________.is.a.device.commonly.used.in.surge. protectors.that.exhibits.a.change.of.resistance.with.a. change.in.voltage. 5.. SPDs.typically.providing.a.path.to.________.for.excess. energy.when.a.surge.occurs. 6.. According.to.the.NEC,.a.type..SPD,.or.surge.arrester,. is.connected.on.the.________.side.of.the.service. disconnect.overcurrent.protection.device.and.a.type.2. SPD,.or.TVSS,.is.connected.on.the.________.side.of.the. service.disconnect.overcurrent.protection.device.

20

Whole-House Protection Strategy

Surge Protection Strategy.

No.single.SPD.can.protect.all.the.equipment.in.a.residence. from.all.causes.of.electrical.surges..Instead,.a.whole-house. protection.strategy,.consisting.of.point-of-entry.and.point-ofuse.SPDs,.is.necessary.to.help.guard.against.disturbances.from. inside.and.outside.the.home.

Point-of-Entry Surge Protection

Point-of-Use Surge Protection

2

Point-of Entry Protection

A.point-of-entry.SPD.is.necessary.to.limit.damage.from. electrical.surges.entering.the.home.via.service.entrance. conductors..As.previously.discussed,.these.electrical.surges. can.come.from.a.lightning.strike.on.or.near.high-voltage. transmission.lines,.switching.of.primary.circuits.by.the.local. utility,.or.equipment.operation.in.nearby.commercial.or.industrial. facilities.

A B Type 2 SPD N

Service Entrance Load Center

Surges from Within . the Home.

Point-of-entry.SPDs,.however,.cannot.provide.protection.from surges.developed.within.the.home..For.example,.an.air. conditioner.can.cause.a.small.electrical.surge.every.time.it. cycles.on.or.off..Surges.caused.by.equipment.within.the.home. are.usually.weaker.than.surges.caused.by.lightning;.however,. they.occur.more.frequently..These.surges.are.distributed. throughout.the.homes.electrical.system,.possibly.causing. problems.with.other.connected.equipment.

A B Type 2 SPD N

Service Entrance Load Center

22

Exterior Wiring.

Additionally,.many.homes.have.some.form.of.exterior.electrical. wiring..Security.gates,.outdoor.lighting,.electronic.dog.fences,. and.swimming.pool.filtration.equipment.are.just.a.few. examples.of.outdoor.electrical.devices.in.use.today..

Security Gate Control

Underground Wiring

Pool Filtration Lighting

Electronic Dog Fence

A.cloud-to-earth.lightning.strike.in.close.proximity.to. underground.wiring.can.cause.a.voltage.surge.which.has.a. direct.path.to.the.home.distribution.system.

A B N Type 2 SPD

Service Entrance Load Center

23

Surges from Other Services. Most.damage.occurs.from.electrical.surges.that.enter.the.home . from.outside.services..We.have.already.learned.how.lightning. strikes.can.enter.the.home.through.the.electrical.utility..It.is. equally.important.to.note.that.telephone lines.and.TV cables. can.also.conduct.electrical.surges.into.the.home.causing. damage.to.electronic.equipment.connected.to.these.lines.. The.National Electrical Code.requires.services.to.be.grounded. and.bonded.together..The.purpose.is.to.reduce.fire.and.shock. hazard.in.the.event.electric.utility.power.conductors.come.in. contact.with.communication.conductors.. However,.this.will.not.protect.sensitive.electrical.and.electronic. equipment.located.within.the.house.
Electrical Service Telephone Line

Cable TV
Services Grounded and Bonded Together

24

Type 3 SPDs.

Type.3.SPDs,.also.called.point-of-use SPDs,.are.essential.to. any.surge.protection.strategy.to.provide.household.equipment. with.a.degree.of.protection.from.surges.created.in.the.home.. In.addition,.point-of-entry.SPDs.typically.have.a.relatively.high. clamping.voltage.and.this.allows.some.let-through energy.that. can.be.absorbed.by.point-of.use.SPDs.

A B Type 2 SPD N

Type 3 SPD

Service Entrance Load Center

Review 3 .. . . . Point-of-entrance.SPDs.provide.a.degree.of.protection. from.________. a..surges.caused.by.external.sources b..surges.caused.by.internal.sources c..surges.cause.by.external.and.internal.sources

2.. Point-of-entrance.SPDs.typically.have.a.clamping. voltage.that.is.________.the.clamping.voltage.of.pointof-use.SPDs. . . . a..lower.than b..about.the.same.as c..higher.than

3.. Surges.can.enter.the.home.distribution.system.through. ________. . . . . a.. b.. c.. d.. electrical.service.entrance.wiring telephone.wiring cable.TV.wiring all.of.the.above

25

Point-of-Entry Surge Protection

An.SPD.installed.at.the.service.entrance.is.the.first.line.of. defense.in.a.home.surge.protection.strategy..Point-of-entry. SPDs.provide.protection.by.diverting.surges.to.ground.before. they.can.damage.equipment..A.properly.installed.and.operating. point-of-entry.SPD.protects.appliances,.such.as.refrigerators,. dishwashers,.electric.washers.and.dryers,.heaters,.and.air. conditioners,.that.are.not.normally.connected.to.point-of-use. SPDs..

Point-of-Entry Solutions.

An.electrical.surge,.whether.it.is.caused.by.electrical.equipment. or.lightning,.always.finds.a.path.to.ground..When.such.a.surge. occurs,.any.equipment.connected.to.the.electrical.service.can. be.damaged.. Siemens.response.to.this.threat.is.to.offer.SPDs.that.can.meet. a.variety.of.point-of-entry.application.requirements..Siemens Circuit Breaker and Surge Arrester.or.Circuit Breaker and TVSS.can.be.conveniently.installed.in.Siemens.load.centers. to.provide.point-of-entry-protection..Alternatively,.Siemens TPSA9040 TVSS.can.provide.point-of-entry.protection. regardless.of.the.load.center.used.at.the.service.entrance..In. addition,.Siemens.also.offers.1-phase.and.3-phase secondary surge arresters,.often.referred.to.as.lightning arresters.

26

SURGE ARRESTER
MODEL: TPS-ASA1
120-240VAC MCOV-175VAC (L-G) WHITE-GROUND BLACK-LINE

Phase Indicators
L2

On-Full Protection

Off-No Proection
L1

CAUTION

C0401 C UL
o

e103120

2E03

US LISTED

DANGER
HAZARDOUS VOLTAGE
Disconnect all power supplying this equipment before replacing. Failure to do so will result in death or serious injury.

Single-Phase Lightning Arrester

TPSA9040 Point-of-Entry TVSS

Cir TVScuit Brea S ke

r and

Circu it Br

eake r an

d TV

SS

SURGE ARRESTER
MODEL: TPS-ESA3
120-240VAC MCOV-175VAC (L-G) WHITE-GROUND BLACK-LINE

e103120

C0401 C

UL
o

2E03

US LISTED

Three-Phase Lightning Arrester

Siemens Circuit Breaker and Surge Arrester and Circuit Breaker and TVSS

Siemens.Circuit.Breaker.and.Surge.Arrester.and.Circuit.Breaker. and.TVSS.are.UL.listed,.and.each.of.these.devices.include.two. independent,.-pole.QP.circuit.breakers.and.an.integral.SPD.. The.SPD.not.only.provides.a.degree.of.protection.for.the. circuits.served.by.the.circuit.breakers,.but.also.for.all.circuits. connected.to.the.load.center..


Type QP Circuit Breakers MOV

Circuit Breaker and Surge Arrester

Circuit Breaker and TVSS

Indicator Lights

Surge Protection Circuitry

2

QSA1515.Circuit.Breaker.and.Surge.Arrester.incorporates.two. -pole,.5.amp.QP.circuit.breakers..QSA2020.Circuit.Breaker. and.Surge.Arrester.and.QSA2020TVSS.Circuit.Breaker.and. TVSS.each.incorporates.two.-pole,.20.amp.QP.circuit.breakers.. Although.both.the.Circuit.Breaker.and.Surge.Arrester.and.Circuit. Breaker.and.TVSS.provide.point-of-entry.surge.protection,.the. specifications.for.these.devices.differ..In.particular,.the.Circuit. Breaker.and.TVSS.incorporates.an.SPD.with.a.lower clamping voltage.that.provides.increased.protection.for.connected. devices. Visual Indication Even.the.best.point-of-entry.surge.protectors.can.fail.over.time.. As.a.result,.Siemens.Circuit.Breaker.and.Surge.Arrester.and. Circuit.Breaker.and.TVSS.each.have.two.indicator lights.that. illuminate.to.indicate.that.surge.protection.is.being.provided..

An.added.exclusive.feature.of.these.devices.is.that,.in.the.event. that.surge.protection.is.lost,.one.or.both.circuit.breakers.trip.to. provide.an.indication.of.this.condition..As.a.result,.these.circuit. breakers.should.be.used.for.circuit.protection.of.the.more. commonly.used.circuits..This.allows.the.lights.or.other.devices. connected.to.these.circuit.breakers.to.provide.an.effective. indication.of.the.status.of.the.SPD. Installation.. These.devices.occupy.two.standard.width.circuit.breaker. spaces.and,.in.addition.to.providing.point-of-entry.surge. protection,.function.to.provide.overcurrent.protection.for.two. 20.volt.circuits.. Installation.is.as.simple.as.mounting.a.conventional.circuit. breaker.in.a.Siemens.load.center..After.power.is.switched.off. and.the.trim.removed,.the.Circuit.Breaker.and.Surge.Arrestor. or.Circuit.Breaker.and.TVSS.plugs.into.place..A.wire.is.provided. to.connect.the.neutral.side.of.the.module.to.the.load.centers. neutral.bus.. It.is.best.to.position.the.device.in.the.first.position.of.the.load. center.and.connect.the.wire.in.the.first.neutral.position..This. keeps.the.ground.path.for.the.SPD.as.short.as.possible. 28

Circuit Breaker and Secondary Surge Arrester Circuit Breaker and TVSS Initial Clamping Level Transient Energy Rating Secondary Surge Arrester Voltage Rating TVSS Voltage Rating Peak Current Rating (Impulse) Discharge Voltage Characteristic (line-to-neutral) Circuit Breaker Interrupting Rating Refer to the product warranty for warranty details. 360 Volts 460 Joules line-to-neutral 920 Joules line-to-line 170 Volts AC max. line-to-ground Not Applicable 40,000 Amps at 1500 Amps, 600 Volts at 5000, Amps 800 Volts 10,000 Amps, 120/240 Volts AC Discharge Current Withstand Rating (line-to-neutral) 10,000 Amps 240 Volts 360 Joules line-to-neutral 720 Joules line-to-line Not Applicable 500 Volts peak, line-to neutral 1000 Volts peak, line-to-line 40,000 Amps at 1500 Amps, 600 Volts at 5000, Amps 800 Volts 10,000 Amps 10,000 Amps, 120/240 Volts AC

TPSA9040 Point-of-Entry. TVSS

The.TPSA9040.is.a.UL.listed.point-of-entry.TVSS.designed.to shield.motor-driven.appliances.against.electrical.power.surges,. including.surges.caused.by.lightning,.from.entering.through.the. service.entrance.load.center..

Phase Indicators
L2

On-Full Protection

Off-No Proection
L1

The.TPSA9040.TVSS.is.mounted.external.to.the.load.center.and. can.be.used.with.Siemens.or.non-Siemens.load.centers.
L1

Off-No Proection

CAUTION

Load Center/Panelboard
Black 2-Pole 20 Amp Black Circuit Breaker

Neutral Bus For a service entrance panel, the neutral and ground bus are both grounded. Ground Bus

White

Green

L2

On-Full Protection

TPSA9040 Point-of-Entry TVSS

Disconnect all power supplying this equipment before replacing. Failure to do so will result in death or serious injury.

Phase Indicators

DANGER

HAZARDOUS VOLTAGE

CAUTION

DANGER
HAZARDOUS VOLTAGE
Disconnect all power supplying this equipment before replacing. Failure to do so will result in death or serious injury.

29

The.TPSA9040.TVSS.uses.multiple MOV technology.with. thermal disconnects.to.prevent.catastrophic.failure..Two. LED.indicators.and.an.audible.alarm.provide.system.status. indications.


TPSA9040 Initial Clamping Level Transient Energy Rating Spike Capacity Line Voltage Rated Voltage Short Circuit Rating 400 Volts 1080 Joules line-to-neutral 40,000 Amps 120/240 Volts, 1-Phase 150 Volts 10,000 Amps

Refer to the product warranty for warranty details.

. Single-Phase and Three-Phase Lightning. Arresters

Siemens.TPSASA1.single-phase.and.TPSESA3.three-phase secondary.surge.arresters,.also.called.lightning.arresters,.are UL.listed.and.designed.to.protect.electrical.equipment.from.the. damaging.effects.of.spikes.and.notches.caused.by.lightning,. utility.switching,.electric.motor.cycling,.and.other.large.or. sudden.changes.in.electrical.power.flowing.on.incoming.AC. power.lines.

SURGE ARRESTER
MODEL: TPS-ASA1
120-240VAC MCOV-175VAC (L-G) WHITE-GROUND BLACK-LINE

SURGE ARRESTER
MODEL: TPS-ESA3
120-240VAC MCOV-175VAC (L-G) WHITE-GROUND BLACK-LINE

e103120

C0401 C

UL
o

2E03

US LISTED

e103120

C0401 C

UL
o

2E03

US LISTED

TPSASA1 Single-Phase Lightning Arrester (Secondary Surge Arrester)

TPSESA3 Three-Phase Lightning Arrester (Secondary Surge Arrester)

120 Volts 120 Volts


B L K W H T

Neutral

480 Volts

240 Volts

Neutral

277 Volts

277 Volts 277 Volts B L K B L K W H T B L K B L K

TPSASA1 Single-Phase Lightning Arrester

TPSESA3 Three-Phase Lightning Arrester

30

These.secondary.surge.arresters.can.be.used.to.provide.surge. protection.for.a.variety.of.equipment.such.as:.outdoor.lighting,. pumps,.workshops,.farm.equipment,.electric.motors,.heat. pumps,.air.conditioning,.etc.


TPSASA1 Single-Phase Lightning Arrester Initial Clamping Level Peak Current Rating (Impulse) Max. Continuous Operating Voltage Service Voltage 500 Volts 25,000 Amps 175 Volts AC line-to-ground 120/240 Volts AC TPSESA3 Three-Phase Lightning Arrester 500 Volts 25,000 Amps 550 Volts AC line-to-ground 277Y/480 Volts AC

Refer to the product warranty for warranty details.

Review 4 .. Siemens.Circuit.Breaker.and.Surge.Arrester.and.Circuit. Breaker.and.TVSS.each.provide.point-of-entry.surge. protection.and.incorporate.two.-pole.________.circuit. breakers.

2.. In.comparison.to.the.Circuit.Breaker.and.Surge.Arrester,. the.Circuit.Breaker.and.TVSS.has.a.lower.________.that. provides.increased.protection.for.connected.devices. 3.. Unlike.the.Circuit.Breaker.and.Surge.Arrester.or.the. Circuit.Breaker.and.TVSS,.the.TPSA9040.TVSS.is. mounted.________.to.the.load.center.and.can.be.used. with.Siemens.or.non-Siemens.load.centers. 4.. Siemens.TPSASA.lightning.arrester.is.designed.for.use. in.20/240.V,.________.circuits.and.Siemens.TPSESA3. lightning.arrester.is.intended.for.use.in.2Y/480.V. ________.circuits.

3

Signal Line Surge Protection

Siemens.offers.two.devices.intended.to.provide.point-of-entry. or.point-of-use.surge.protection.for.signal.line.circuits.. TPSTEL Telecommunication. Siemens.TPSTEL Telecommunication Protector.is.a.UL.listed Protector device.that.provides.lightning.protection.for.equipment. connected.to.RJ45.modem,.fax,.or.DSL.telephone.lines.
OUT

TPS TEL

IN

TPSTEL Telecommunication Protector Catastrophic Surge Protection Overcurrent Protection Spike Capacity Let Through Voltage Response Time Data Lines Protected Yes Yes 200 Amps < 260 Volts 1 nsec. RJ45 pins 3, 4, 5, and 6

Refer to the product warranty for warranty details.

TPSCOAX Coaxial Protector. Siemens.TPSCOAX Coaxial Protector.is.a.UL.listed.device. that.provides.lightning.protection.for.equipment.connected.to.a. TV.coaxial.cable..This.includes.cables.associated.with.cable.TV. as.well.as.cables.connected.directly.to.an.antenna.


OUT

TPS COAX

TPSCOAX Coaxial Protector Frequency Range Catastrophic Surge Protection Overcurrent Protection Spike Capacity Let Through Voltage Response Time Insertion Loss 1 MHz through 1.45 GHz Yes Yes 200 Amps < 85 Volts 1 nsec. 0 to 3.0 db

Refer to the product warranty for warranty details.

32

Point-of-Use Surge Protection

Point-of-use.surge.protection.in.a.home.typically.consists.of. a.power.strip.with.an.SPD.circuit.built.in..Point-of-use.surge. protection.should.be.used.anywhere.expensive.and.sensitive. electrical.equipment.is.used..In.addition.to.providing.protection. from.surges.generated.by.air.conditioners,.major.appliances,. or.other.large.loads.connected.to.the.home.power.distribution. system,.point-of-use.SPDs.provide.an.additional.line.of.defense. from.surges.created.outside.the.home.


MOV On/OFF Power Switch Indicator Light Miniature Circuit Breaker Surge Protection Circuitry

Electrical Outlet

Home Entertainment.

The.use.of.expensive.and.sensitive.electronic.equipment.in. the.home.is.on.the.rise..Todays.home.entertainment.centers,. for.example,.may.include.a.large-screen.television.set,.stereo. equipment,.a.DVD.player,.and.satellite.or.cable.equipment..

Point-of-Use Surge Protection

33

Home Office.

Today,.millions.of.homes.have.home.offices..Home.offices. include.computers,.fax.machines,.printers,.copiers,.scanners,. and.telephones..Home.offices.benefit.from.point-of-use.surge. protection.because.the.replacement.cost.of.equipment.is.high.. Home.offices.are.frequently.associated.with.a.home.business.. The.expense.of.lost.business.while.equipment.is.down.can.be. significant.

Point-of-Use Surge Protection

Other Uses for Point-of-Use SPDs

In.addition.to.home.entertainment.centers.and.home.offices, the.number.of.expensive.electronic.devices.or.appliances. with.built-in.electronic.circuits.connected.to.a.home.power. distribution.system.continues.to.grow..As.previously.discussed,. any.of.these.devices.can.be.damaged.by.catastrophic.or. repetitive.surges..Therefore,.no.surge.protection.system.is. complete.without.appropriate.use.of.SPDs.to.protect.this. equipment. Too.often,.home.owners.seek.inexpensive.solutions.to. connecting.and.protecting.expensive.equipment..Inexpensive. extension.cords,.add-on.outlets,.and.basic.power.strips. provide.no.surge.protection,.leaving.equipment.susceptible.to. performance.degradation.and.damage.

Basic Power Strips

34

Basic Surge Protection.

Home.owners.may.also.settle.for.an.inexpensive.surge. protected.power.strip..Some.of.these.may.have.a.fuse.or. miniature.circuit.breaker.that.can.be.reset,.but.provide.no.visual. indication.that.the.surge.protection.circuitry.is.functioning..A. home.owner.may.think.the.connected.equipment.is.protected,. when.in.reality.it.is.not.

Visual Indication.

Good.point-of-use.surge.protectors,.like.good.point-of-entry. surge.protectors,.will.sacrifice.themselves,.and.not.the. connected.equipment,.in.the.event.of.a.catastrophic.surge..It. is.important.to.note.that.many.point-of-use.surge.protectors. continue.to.supply.power.to.equipment.even.when.the.surge. protection.circuitry.is.damaged..Good.point-of-use.surge. protection.devices.provide.visual.indication.that.the.surge. protection.circuitry.is.functional.and.protecting.the.connected. equipment.

35

Commercial and Industrial TVSSs

It.is.not.within.the.scope.of.this.course.to.cover.commercial. and.industrial.use.of.SPDs;.however,.the.need.for.surge. protection.in.commercial.and.industrial.power.distribution. systems.is.even.greater.than.for.a.home.system..Not.only. are.the.sources.of.surges.more.numerous.and.significant. in.commercial.and.industrial.applications,.but.the.cost.of. equipment.subject.to.damage.from.surges.is.also.greater. Fortunately,.Siemens.offers.multiple.options.for.building.in. SPDs.into.new.equipment.as.well.as.add-on.surge.protection. equipment.for.existing.commercial.and.industrial.power. distribution.systems..Refer.to.the.Transient Voltage Surge Suppressors.section.of.the.SPEEDFAX.catalog.for.additional. information.

Phase Indicators On-Full Protection Off-No Proection

CAUTION

DANGER
HAZARDOUS VOLTAGE
Disconnect all power supplying this equipment before replacing. Failure to do so will result in death or serious injury.

Danger
High Voltage

36

Review 5 .. Siemens.________.Telecommunication.Protector.is.a. UL.listed.device.that.provides.lightning.protection.for. equipment.connected.to.telephone.lines.

2.. Siemens.________.Coaxial.Protector.is.a.UL.listed. device.that.provides.lightning.protection.for.equipment. connected.to.a.TV.coaxial.cable. 3.. ________.surge.protection.in.a.home.provides. protection.from.surges.created.by.large.loads. connected.to.the.home.power.distribution.system. and.provides.an.additional.line.of.defense.from.surges. created.outside.the.home. 4.. The.need.for.surge.protection.in.commercial.and. industrial.power.distribution.systems.is.________.the. need.for.surge.protection.in.the.home. . . . a..less.than b..greater.than c..about.the.same.as

3

Review Answers

Review 1. . Review 2. Review 3. Review 4. Review 5.

).single,.three;.2).20;.3).sag,.swell;.4).surge;.5).safety; 6).voltage. ).Lightning;.2).telephone.lines,.TV.cables;.3)..joule;.4).MOV;. 5).ground;.6).line,.load. ).a;.2).c;.3).d. ).QP;.2).clamping.voltage;.3).external;.4).single-phase,.threephase. )TPSTEL;.2).TPSCOAX;.3).Point-of-use;.4).b.

38

Final Exam

The.final.exam.is.intended.to.be.a.learning.tool..The.book. may.be.used.during.the.exam..A.tear-out.answer.sheet.is. provided..After.completing.the.test,.mail.the.answer.sheet.in.for. grading..A.grade.of.0%.or.better.is.passing..Upon.successful. completion.of.the.test.a.certificate.will.be.issued.. .. An.increase.of.at.least.ten.percent.in.current.and.voltage. that.typically.lasts.only.a.few.microseconds.is.referred.to. as.a/an.________. a...surge b.. swell c.. sag d.. notch Generally,.the.most.damaging.source.of.electrical.surges. comes.from.________. a.. motor.driven.equipment b.. lightning.strikes c.. household.equipment d.. utility.companies.switching.primary.circuits A.00.watt.lamp.uses.00.joules.of.energy.per.________. a.. hour b.. minute c.. second d.. millisecond ________.is.a.measure.of.the.voltage-limiting.capability.of. an.MOV. a.. Peak.current.rating b.. Clamping.voltage c.. Peak.impulse.rating d.. Joule.rating

. . . . 2.. . . . . 3.. . . . . 4.. . . . .

39

5..

A/An.________.is.a.device.used.in.surge.protectors.that. switches.from.a.high.resistance.to.a.low.resistance.when. a.voltage.surge.occurs. a.. MOV b.. inductor c.. capacitor d.. resistor The.NEC.defines.a.type.2.SPD.as.an.SPD.permanently. connected.________.. a.. at.the.service.entrance.in.front.of.the.main.disconnect b.. on.the.load.side.of.the.service.disconnect.overcurrent . .protection.device c.. only.at.the.point.of.use d.. either.in.front.of.or.on.the.load.side.of.the.service . disconnect.overcurrent.protection.device A.good.whole-house.surge.protection.strategy.requires all.of.the.following.except.____________. a.. point-of-use.SPDs b.. signal.line.SPDs c.. point-of-entry.surge.protection d.. GFCIs According.to.the.NEC.a.________.is.connected.between. the.service.transformer.and.the.service.disconnect. overcurrent.protection.device. a.. type..SPD b.. type.2.SPD c.. type.3.SPD d.. type.4.SPD Which.of.the.following.SPD.ratings.is.measured.in.joules?. a.. clamping.voltage.rating b.. peak.current.rating c.. transient.energy.rating d.. short.circuit.current.rating

. . . . 6.. . . . . . .  .. . . . . . 8..

. . . . 9.. . . . .

40

0.. Siemens.Circuit.Breaker.and.Surge.Arrester.incorporates. two.-pole.___.amp.or.two.-pole.___.amp.QP.circuit. breakers. . . . . a.. 5,.0 b.. 5,.5 c.. 0,.5 d.. 5,.20

.. Siemens.Circuit.Breaker.and.TVSS.is.available.with.two.pole.___.amp.QP.circuit.breakers. . . . . a.. 20 b.. 5 c.. 5 d.. 0

2.. In.comparison.to.the.Circuit.Breaker.and.Surge.Arrester,. Siemens.Circuit.Breaker.and.TVSS.has.a.________. clamping.voltage.that.provides.________.protection.for. connected.devices. . . . . a.. lower,.less b.. higher,.increased c.. higher,.less d.. lower,.increased

3.. Siemens.________.is.mounted.external.to.the.load.center. and.can.be.used.with.Siemens.or.non-Siemens.load. centers. . . . . a.. Circuit.Breaker.and.Surge.Arrester b.. Circuit.Breaker.and.TVSS c.. TPSA9040.point-of-entry.TVSS d.. None.of.the.above

4.. Siemens.________.is.a.single-phase.lightning.arrester. . . . . a.. TPSTEL b.. TPSCOAX c.. TPSASA d.. TPSESA3

4

5.. Siemens.________.is.a.three-phase.lightning.arrester. . . . . a.. TPSTEL b.. TPSCOAX c.. TPSASA d.. TPSESA3

6.. Siemens.________.provides.lightning.protection.for. equipment.connected.to.telephone.lines. . . . . a.. TPSTEL b.. TPSCOAX c.. TPSASA d.. TPSESA3

 Siemens.________.provides.lightning.protection.for. .. equipment..connected.to.a.TV.cable. . . . . a.. TPSASA b.. TPAESA3 c.. TPSTEL d.. TPSCOAX

8.. Point-of-use.surge.suppressors.________. . . . . a.. are.not.needed.if.a.point-of-entry.SPD.is.used. b.. are.only.needed.for.telephone.or.TV.signal.lines. c.. are.generally.not.needed d.. are.an.important.part.of.a.whole-house.surge.protection. strategy

9.. A.good.point-of-use.surge.protector.________. . . . . a.. is.essentially.just.a.power.strip b.. provides.visual.indication.that.the.surge.protection. circuitry.is.functional c.. works.better.if.connected.to.a.long.extension.cord d.. will.not.sacrifice.itself.in.the.event.of.a.catastrophic. failure

20.. The.need.for.surge.protection.in.industrial.and.commercial. power.distribution.systems.is.________. . . . . 42 a.. even.greater.than.for.a.home.distribution.system b.. less.than.for.a.home.distribution.system c.. about.the.same.as.for.a.home.distribution.system d.. negligible.

43

quickSTEP Online Courses

quickSTEP.online.courses.are.available.at. http://www.sea.siemens.com/step. The.quickSTEP.training.site.is.divided.into.three.sections:. Courses,.Downloads,.and.a.Glossary...Online.courses. include..reviews,.a.final.exam,.the.ability.to.print.a.certificate. of.completion,.and.the.opportunity.to.register.in.the.Sales. &.Distributor.training.database.to.maintain.a.record.of.your. accomplishments. From.this.site.the.complete.text.of.all.STEP.courses.can.be. downloaded.in.PDF.format..These.files.contain.the.most.recent. changes.and.updates.to.the.STEP.courses.. A.unique.feature.of.the.quickSTEP.site.is.our.pictorial.glossary.. The.pictorial.glossary.can.be.accessed.from.anywhere.within. a.quickSTEP.course..This.enables.the.student.to.look.up.an. unfamiliar.word.without.leaving.the.current.work.area..

44