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cod. 988656 TECNICA114 TECNICA140.1-142 inverter TROUBLESHOOTING TROUBLESHOOTING TROUBLESHOOTING TROUBLESHOOTING
cod. 988656
TECNICA114
TECNICA140.1-142
inverter
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING
AND REPAIR MANUAL
AND REPAIR MANUAL
AND REPAIR MANUAL
AND REPAIR MANUAL

CONTENTS

PAGE

OPERATION AND WIRING DIAGRAMS

2

Block diagram

2

Analysis of the block diagram

3

Illustrations

5

Wiring diagrams

6

REPAIR GUIDE

9

Equipment required

9

General repair instructions

10

Troubleshooting and remedies

10

Testing the machine

13

Illustrations

15

SPARE PARTS LIST

17

REPAIR SHEET

19

the machine 13 Illustrations 15 SPARE PARTS LIST 17 REPAIR SHEET 19 “reparation no problem !”
TECNICA 114 OPERATIONOPERATIONOPERATIONOPERATION ANDANDANDAND WIRINGWIRINGWIRINGWIRING DIAGRAMSDIAGRAMSDIAGRAMSDIAGRAMS
TECNICA 114
OPERATIONOPERATIONOPERATIONOPERATION ANDANDANDAND WIRINGWIRINGWIRINGWIRING DIAGRAMSDIAGRAMSDIAGRAMSDIAGRAMS

BLOCK DIAGRAM

INPUT EMC FILTER PRE-CHARGE RECTIFIER BRIDGE FILTER CHOPPER CURRENT POWER SECONDARY INDUCTANCE SECONDARY EMC
INPUT
EMC FILTER
PRE-CHARGE
RECTIFIER BRIDGE
FILTER
CHOPPER
CURRENT
POWER
SECONDARY
INDUCTANCE
SECONDARY EMC
OUTPUT
TRANSFORMER
TRANSFORMER
DIODE
FILTER
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
88
9
10
AUXILIARY POWER
DRIVER
PRIMARY
ALARM LED
MAXIMUM
SUPPLY TRIGGER
CURRENT READER
CURRENT
ADJUSTMENT
AND LIMITER
11
13
14
18
20
OVERVOLTAGE
UNDERVOLTAGE
ALIMENTATORE
AUXILIARY
DUTY CYCLE MAKER
ADDER
ALARM BLOCK
CURRENT
SAFEGUARD
SAFEGUARD
FLY-BACK
POWER
POTENTIOMETER
SUPPLY
t
23
24
12
11
15
16
17
19
POWER
FAN
SUPPLY LED
25
26
IGBT THERMOSTAT
GALVANIC
SEPARATION
21
22

-2-

TECNICA 114

TECNICA 114 ANALYSIS OF THE BLOCK DIAGRAM NOTE: Unless indicated otherwise, it should be assumed that

ANALYSIS OF THE BLOCK DIAGRAM

NOTE: Unless indicated otherwise, it should be assumed that the components are assembled on the power board.

Block 1

EMC Filter

Consisting of:C1, C8, C9, L1. Prevents noise from the machine from being transmitted along the main power line and vice versa.

Block 2

Pre-charge

Consisting of:K1, R2. Prevents the formation of high transitory currents that could damage the main power switch, the rectifier bridge and the electrolytic capacitors. When the power source is switched on the relay K1 is de- energised, capacitors C2, C3, C4 are then charged by R2. When the capacitors are charged the relay is energised.

Block 3

Rectifier bridge

Consisting of:D1. Converts the mains alternating voltage into continuous pulsed voltage.

Block 4

Filter

Consisting of:C2, C3, C4. Converts the pulsed voltage from the rectifier bridge into continuous voltage.

Block 5

Chopper

Consisting of:Q1. Converts the continuous voltage from the filter into a high frequency square wave capable of piloting the power transformer. Regulates the power according to the required welding current/voltage.

Block 6

Current transformer

Consisting of:T2. The C.T. is used to measure the current circulating in the power transformer primary and transmit the information to block 17 (primary current reader and limiter).

Block 7

Power transformer

Consisting of:T1. Adjusts the voltage and current to values required for the welding procedure. Also forms galvanic separation of the primary from the secondary (welding circuit from the power supply line).

Block 8

Secondary diode

Consisting of:D22 Diode D22 converts the current circulating in the transformer to a single direction, preventing saturation of the nucleus, and recirculates the inductance output current (block 9) during the time when the IGBT's are not conducting, bypassing the power transformer (block 7).

Block 9

Inductance

Consisting of:L2. Levels the secondary board diodes’output current making it practically continuous.

Block 10

Secondary EMC Filter

Consisting of: C23, C24.

Prevents

transmitted through the welding cables and vice versa.

noise

from

the

power

source

from

being

Block 11

Auxiliary power supply trigger

Consisting of:R13, R14, R15, C13 Via the resistors, the power source supplies the necessary voltage to power block 12 (auxiliary power supply).

Block 12

Auxiliary power supply

Consisting of:D10, C11, Q11, D11 Rectifies, filters and stabilises the voltage arriving from the tertiary winding of the power transformer (block 7).

Block 13

Driver

Consisting of:Q6, Q7, D46, D47 Picks up the signal arriving from block 15 (duty cycle maker) adjusts it to suit piloting of block 5 (chopper).

Block 14

Primary current reader and limiter

Consisting of: D42, D45, R56, C44, R57, R58, R59. Reads the signal from block 6 (current transformer) and scales it down so it can be processed and compared in blocks 15 and 16.

Block 15

Duty cycle maker

Consisting of:U3, U2B.

Processes the information from block 16 (adder) and block

14 (primary current reader and limiter) and produces a

square wave with variable duty cycle limiting the primary current to a maximum pre-set value under all circumstances.

Block 16

Adder

Consisting of:U1D. Gathers all the information from block 14 (primary current

reader and limiter), from block 17 (alarms) and from block

19 (current potentiometer), and produces a signal with a

suitable voltage for processing by block 15 (duty cycle maker).

Block 17

Alarm Block

Consisting of:Q3, U1A, U1C. When an alarm is detected the power source output current

is drastically reduced by making direct adjustments to block

15 (duty cycle maker) and directly changing the reference

signal obtained from block 19 (current potentiometer).

-3-

Alarm LED
Alarm LED

TECNICA 114

Block 18

Block 26

Fan

Consisting of:V1. Powered directly by block 12 (a cools the power components.

Consisting of:D35. It is switched on by block 17 (alarms) in the event of:

1) Triggering of thermostatic capsule/thermostat on power transformer. 2) Triggering of thermostatic capsule on secondary diodes. 3) Triggering due to overvoltage. 4) Short circuit at output (electrode holder clamp and earth cable connected to one another or electrode stuck to piece being welded).

Block 19

Current potentiometer

Consisting of:R75. This is used to set the reference voltage needed to adjust the output current: when the potentiometer knob is turned the cursor voltage varies, thus varying the current from the minimum to the maximum value.

Block 20

Maximum current adjustment

Consisting of:R70, R71, R72, R73, R74. Used to adjust the maximum cutting current to be supplied by the power source.

Block 21

IGBT Thermostat

Consisting of:ST1 When the temperature of the IGBT dissipator reaches a given temperature the thermostat cuts in, sending an alarm signal to block 22 (galvanic separation). It is reset automatically when this alarm condition is no longer present.

Block 22

Galvanic separation

Consisting of:ISO1 The signal arriving from blocks 21 (IGBT thermostat) is separated galvanically and sent to block 17 (alarms) for detection of a possible alarm event.

Block 23

uxiliary power supply ) and

Overvoltage safeguard

Consisting of:R40, R41, R42, Q3. If the main supply voltage exceeds the maximum value this safeguard triggers (a tolerance of approx. ±15% of the power supply voltage is allowed: outside this range the safeguard triggers).

Block 24

Undervoltage safeguard

Consisting of: R63, R64, U1C, Q8. If the main supply voltage falls below the minimum allowed value this safeguard triggers (a tolerance of approx. ±15% of the power supply voltage is allowed: outside this range the safeguard triggers).

Block 25

Power supply LED

Consisting of:D34. Indicates when the power source is correctly powered and ready for use.

-4-

TECNICA 114

TECNICA 114 ILLUSTRATIONS Power boad (6) CURRENT TRANSFORMER (13) (16) DRIVER (12) ADDER (5) (1) (2)

ILLUSTRATIONS

Power boad

(6)

CURRENT

TRANSFORMER

(13) (16) DRIVER (12) ADDER (5) (1) (2) AUXILIARY POWER (17) CHOPPER EMC FILTER (3)
(13)
(16)
DRIVER
(12)
ADDER
(5)
(1)
(2)
AUXILIARY POWER
(17)
CHOPPER
EMC FILTER
(3)
PRE-CHARGE
SUPPLY
ALARM BLOCK
RECTIFIER
BRIDGE
(15)
DUTY CYCLE
MAKER
(19)
CURRENT
POTENTIOMETER
(4)
FILTER
(25)
POWER
SUPPLY LED
(18)
ALARM
LED
(9)
INDUCTANCE
(10)
(8)
SECONDARY
SECONDARY
EMC FILTER
DIODE

(7)

POWER

TRANSFORMER

-5-

TECNICA 114 WIRING DIAGRAMS General wiring diagram J7J7 P4P4 PE J3J3 115V115V N (L2) 1

TECNICA 114

WIRING DIAGRAMS

General wiring diagram

J7J7 P4P4 PE J3J3 115V115V N (L2) 1 1 2 2 J2J2 L1 J1J1 230V230V
J7J7
P4P4
PE
J3J3
115V115V
N (L2)
1
1
2
2
J2J2
L1
J1J1
230V230V
4
4
5
5
S1
S1
ON/OFF
ON/OFF
100/115V OR 230V ON LY
MODELS WITH POWER SUPPLY CHANGE
+J4+J4
-J4-J4
OUT+OUT+
OUT-OUT-
V1
V1
Fan
Fan
POWER PCB

-6-

TECNICA 114

TECNICA 114 Wiring diagram power board – power supply -7-

Wiring diagram power board – power supply

-7-

TECNICA 114 Wiring diagram power board – driver / control SOV -T R R 1

TECNICA 114

Wiring diagram power board – driver / control

SOV -T R R 1 1 R R 5 5 R R 14 14 R
SOV -T
R
R
1
1
R
R
5
5
R
R
14
14
R
R
19
19
R
R
24
24
CN1-4
CN1-6
CN1-6
33K 1206 5%
33K 1206 5%
33K 1206 5%
33K 1206 5%
33K 1206 5%
33K 1206 5%
33K 1206 5%
33K 1206 5%
33K 1206 5%
33K 1206 5%
+12V
R R 30
30 5%
4K7 0805
4K7
0805
5%
Tes t Po int
Tes t Po int
+12V
U U LM324 LM324
2A
2A
CN1-9
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
OU TP
CN1-4
3
3 2
R
R
32
32
CN1-5
R R 29
29 1206
1
1
Q9
Q9
CN1-3
D25
D25
D7
D7
22K
22K
1206 5%
5%
BC807
BC807
+12V
B B YG20G
YG20G
BAV99
BAV99
10K 0805 5%
10K 0805 5%
CN1-6
42
42
CN1-2
1K 0805
1K
0805 R R 5% 5%
D6
D6
CN1-8
BAV99
BAV99
R
R
31
31
+5V
57
57
52
52
T T ISO1 ISO1
LP621
LP621
12
6K8 5W
6K8
5W R R 5% 5%
3K3 R R 1206 1206
3K3
5%
5%
C19
R R 36
36 0805
1
4
100n
100n 50V
50V C19
X7R
X7R
33
2K2
2K2
0805 5%
5%
R
R
34
34
VA+
220K R R 33
220K
0805 5%
0805
5%
100K 0805 5%
100K 0805 5%
CN1-7
51
51
12
12
Fori Passo 2.54mm
Fori Passo 2.54mm
3K3 R R 1206 1206
3K3
5%
5%
3
2
3
C24
C24
1K 0805 5%
1K 0805 5%
1n 50V
1n
50V NPO
NPO
U2B
U2B
1
2
LM324
LM324
U LM324 LM324
U
2D
2D
R R 38
38 0805
+12V
5 6
2K2
2K2
0805 5%
5%
R R 50 50
43
43
R 22 22
R
7
12
2K2 0805
2K2
0805
5%
5%
10K R R 0805 0805
10K
5%
5%
14
1
Q3
Q3
13
32
BC817
BC817
2K2 0805 5%
2K2 0805 5%
32
3
C29
C29
R R 44
44
D37
D37
C13
18V 0W
18V
0W D15 D15
4 4 5%
5%
100u 35V
100u
35V
A A ll ll
4K7
4K7 0805
0805
5%
5%
4V7 0W 4 2%
4V7 0W 4 2%
100n
100n 50V
50V C13
X7R
X7R
411
S
T S _A
OU TN
Termos tati
R
R
54
54
B
-Q5
+12V
S
TS_B
D23
D23
D19
D19
10R 1206 5%
10R 1206 5%
Q2
Q2
+5V
B B YG20G
YG20G
B B YG20G
YG20G
CN1-1
BC817
BC817
R
R
20
20
D17
D17
2
3
1
D1
D1
D24
D24 0W 0W 4 4 5%
Q6
Q6
18V 0W 4 5%
18V 0W 4 5%
BAV99
BAV99
680R 0805 5%
680R 0805 5%
10V
10V
5%
R R 56
56 0805 0805 5%
BC807
BC807
D3
D3
120R
120R
5%
12
R R 26
26
3
U1
U1
14K7 0805
14K7
0805
1%
1%
D18
D18
4V7 0W 4 5%
4V7 0W 4 5%
7
4
B B YG20G
YG20G
Vcc
R T /C T
6 6
R R 17
17 5%
D22
D22 0W 0W 4 4 5%
100R R R 0805 0805
100R
5%
5%
22K
22K 0805
0805
5%
C5
C5
2
8
10V
10V
5%
53
53
VFB
VREF
+5V
T T I I T1 T1
120023
120023
1K
1K 0805
0805 R R 5% 5%
18V 0W 4 5%
18V 0W 4 5%
3
1
4
Isen
COM P
D16
D16
1n 50V NPO
1n 50V NPO
5
6
C9
C9
C26
C26
R R 55 55
GND
OU T
R
R
16
16
C11
C11
C6 50V
C6
1n
1n
50V
50V 50V 50V
NPO
NPO
D20
D20
8
1u 25V Z5U
1u 25V Z5U
470R
470R
0805 5%
0805
5%
E
-Q5
R R 21 21
R R 12
12 0805
C2
C2
R R 7 7
100n
100n
50V X7R
X7R
C7
C7
B B YG20G
YG20G
3
14K7
14K7
0805 1%
0805
1%
10K
10K
0805 5%
5%
100p 50V
100p
50V X7R
X7R
10K
10K
0805 5%
0805
5%
UC3845AD
UC3845AD
100n
100n
X7R
X7R
1K 0805 5%
1K 0805 5%
1u 25V Z5U
1u 25V Z5U
5
2
1
1
+12V
D26
D26
D27
D27
61
61
B
-Q8
411
100n C10 C10
100n
50V
50V X7R
X7R
B B YG20G
YG20G
B B YG20G
YG20G
10R R R 1206 1206
10R
5%
5%
CN1-8
6
D30
D30
1
18V 0W 4 5%
18V 0W 4 5%
U LM324 LM324
U
2C
2C
D5
D5
Q7
Q7
BAV99
BAV99
R R 58
58 0805 0805 5%
BC807
BC807
10 9
D38
D38
R R 48 48
120R
120R
5%
8
12
3
BAV99
BAV99
47R 0805
47R
0805
5%
5%
Q4
Q4
R R 23
23 L L in in 0W
R R 13
13 5%
IR IR FD110
FD110
D28
D28
10K
10K
0W 2 2 20%
20%
4K7 0805
4K7
0805
5%
B B YG20G
YG20G
1
1
Q1
Q1
C4
C4
BC817
BC817
47
47
62
62
4u7
4u7 16V
16V TAN
TAN
1K 0805
1K
0805 R R 5% 5%
1K
1K 0805
0805 R R 5% 5%
D29
D29
18V 0W 4 5%
18V 0W 4 5%
R R 28 28
C14
C14
R R 11
11
R R 27
27 0805
C23
C23
C31
C31
R R 59 59
411
680R
680R
0805
0805 5%
5%
100n 50V
100n
50V X7R
X7R
4K7 0805
4K7
0805
5%
5%
10K
10K
0805 5%
5%
10n
10n 50V
50V C12 C12
X7R
X7R
100n 50V
100n
50V X7R
X7R
1u 25V Z5U
1u 25V Z5U
470R
470R
0805
0805 5%
5%
DC -
CN1-5
CN1-3
3
CN1-2
R IL -I
CN1-9
R
R
15
15
R
R
9
9
1
2
100R 0805 5%
100R 0805 5%
680R 0805 5%
680R 0805 5%
D2
D2
BAV99
BAV99
R R 2 2
200R
200R
1T
1T 0W
0W 5 5 10%
10%
23
49
49
D4
D4 0W 0W 4 4 5%
R R 25
25 1W
C3
C3
R R 3 3
R R 10
10
1K 1206
1K
1206 R R 5% 5%
24V
24V
5%
27R
27R
1W 5%
5%
100p
100p 50V
50V X7R
X7R
100R
100R
0805 5%
0805
5%
470R
470R
0805
0805 5%
5%
411
23
23

-8-

TECNICA 114 REPAIRREPAIRREPAIRREPAIR GUIDEGUIDEGUIDEGUIDE EQUIPMENT REQUIRED
TECNICA 114
REPAIRREPAIRREPAIRREPAIR GUIDEGUIDEGUIDEGUIDE
EQUIPMENT REQUIRED
4 1 3 2 5 6
4
1
3
2
5
6

ESSENTIAL INSTRUMENTS

1 Dual trace oscilloscope

2 Static load generator

3 Variac 0 - 300v 1500 VA

4 Digital multimeter

USEFUL INSTRUMENTS

cod. 802401 (*) cod. 802110 (*) cod. 802402 (*)

5 Unsoldering station

6 Miscellaneous tools

(*)The instruments with codes can be supplied by Telwin. The sale price is available on request.

-9-

TECNICA 114 WARNING: BEFORE PROCEEDING WITH REPAIRS TO THE MACHINE READ THE INSTRUCTION MANUAL CAREFULLY.

TECNICA 114

WARNING:
WARNING:

BEFORE PROCEEDING WITH REPAIRS TO THE MACHINE READ THE INSTRUCTION MANUAL CAREFULLY.

WARNING:

EXTRAORDINARY MAINTENANCE SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT ONLY AND EXCLUSIVELY BY EXPERT OR SKILLED ELECTRICAL- MECHANICAL PERSONNEL.

WARNING:

ANY CHECKS CARRIED OUT INSIDE THE MACHINE WHEN IT IS POWERED MAY CAUSE SERIOUS ELECTRIC SHOCK DUE TO DIRECT CONTACTWITH LIVE PARTS.

GENERAL REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS

The following is a list of practical rules which must be strictly adhered to if repairs are to be carried out correctly.

A) When handling the active electronic components, the IGBT's and Power DIODES in particular, take elementary antistatic precautions (use antistatic footwear or wrist straps, antistatic working surfaces etc.).

B) To ensure the heat flow between the electronic components and the dissipator, place a thin layer of thermo-conductive grease (e.g. COMPOUND GREASIL MS12) between the contact zones.

C) The power resistors (should they require replacement) should always be soldered at least 3 mm above the board.

D) If silicone is removed from some points on the boards, it should be re-applied.

Use only non-conducting neutral or oximic

reticulating silicones (e.g. DOW CORNING 7093). Otherwise, silicone that is placed in contact with points

at different potential (rheophores of IGBT's, etc.) should be left to reticulate before the machine is tested.

E) When the semiconductor devices are soldered the maximum temperature limits should be respected (normally 300 C for no more than 10 seconds).

F) It is essential to take the greatest care at each disassembly and assembly stage for the various machine parts.

G) Take care to keep the small parts and other pieces that are dismantled from the machine so as to be able to position them in the reverse order when re-assembling (damaged parts should never be omitted but should be replaced, referring to the spare parts list given at the end of this manual).

H) The boards (repaired when necessary) and the wiring should never be modified without prior authorisation fromTelwin.

I) For further information on machine specifications and operation, refer to the Instruction Manual.

J) WARNING!

When the machine is in operation there are

dangerously high voltages on its internal parts so do not touch the boards when the machine is live.

N.B.

°

TROUBLESHOOTING AND REMEDIES

1.0 Disassembling the machine

Every operation should be carried out in complete safety with the power supply cable disconnected from the mains

only by done by expert or skilled

electrical-mechanical personnel.

outlet and should

- undo the 4 screws attaching the handle to the top cover

(

fig.1

);

- undo the 2 screws fastening the two plastic shells to the

base:1 screw on each side ( fig.1);

- undo the 2 screws attaching the handle to the base: 1

screw on each side (

fig.1 );

- on the top cover undo the nut for the earth connection

(J7);

- slide out the top cover upwards (

- undo the two screws fastening the power board to the base. After completing the repairs, proceed in the reverse order to re-assemble the cover and do not forget to insert the toothed washer on the ground screw.

fig.1 );

2.0 Cleaning the inside of the machine

Using suitably dried compressed air, carefully clean the components of the power source since dirt is a danger to parts subject to high voltages and can damage the galvanic separation between the primary and secondary. To clean the electronic boards we advise decreasing the air pressure to prevent damage to the components. It is therefore important to take special care when cleaning the following parts:

Fan (fig.2A) Check whether dirt has been deposited on the front and back air vents or has damaged the correct rotation of the blades, if there is still damage after cleaning replace the fan.

Power board figs.2A and 2B

- rheofores of IGBT Q1;

- rheofores of secondary power diode D22;

- thermostat ST1 on the IGBT;

- opto-coupler ISO1.

(

):

3.0 Visual inspection of the machine

Make sure there is no mechanical deformation, dent, or damaged and/or disconnected connector. Make sure the power supply cable has not been damaged or disconnected internally and that the fan works with the machine switched on. Inspect the components and cables for signs of burning or breaks that may endanger operation of the power source. Check the following elements:

Main power supply switch (fig.2A) Use the multimeter to check whether the contacts are stuck together or open.Probable cause:

- mechanical or electric shock (e.g. bridge rectifier or IGBT in short circuit, handling under load). Current potentiometer R75 (fig.3) Probable cause:

- mechanical shock.

Relay K1 (fig.3) Probable cause:

- see main power supply switch.

N.B.

If the relay contacts

are stuck together or dirty, do not attempt to separate them and clean them, just replace the relay.

- 10 -

TECNICA 114

TECNICA 114 Electrolytic capacitors C2,C3 (fig.3) Probable cause (No C3 on 230V version ofTecnica 114): -

Electrolytic capacitors C2,C3 (fig.3)

Probable cause (No C3 on 230V version ofTecnica 114):

- mechanical shock;

- machine connected to power supply voltage much higher than the rated value;

- broken rheophore on one or more capacitor: the remainder will be overstressed and become damaged by overheating;

- ageing after a considerable number of working hours;

- overheating caused by thermostatic capsule failure. IGBT's Q1 (fig. 4) Probable cause:

- discontinuation in snubber network;

- fault in driver circuit;

- poorly functioning thermal contact between IGBT and dissipator (e.g.loosened attachment screws:check);

- excessive overheating related to faulty operation. Secondary diodes D22 (fig.4) Probable cause:

- discontinuation in snubber network;

- poorly functioning thermal contact between IGBT and dissipator (e.g.loosened attachment screws:check);

- faulty output connection. Power transformer and filter reactance (fig. 2A)

Inspect the windings for colour changes.Probable causes:

- power source connected to a higher voltage than

280Vac;

- ageing after a substantial number of working hours;

- excessive overheating related to faulty operation.

4.0 Checking the power and signal wiring

It is important to check that all the connections are in good condition and the connectors are inserted and/or attached correctly. To do this, take the cables between finger and thumb (as close as possible to the fastons or connectors) and pull outwards gently: the cables should not come away

If the power cables are

not tight enough this could cause dangerous overheating. In particular, on the power board it is necessary to make sure all the wiring is inserted correctly into the corresponding connectors or fastons. Also make sure that the connections to the dinse sockets are attached correctly to the power board.

from the fastons or connectors.

N.B.

5.0 Electrical measurements with the machine switched off

A) With the multimeter set in

diode testing

mode check

the following components (junction voltages not less than

0.2V):

- rectifier bridge D1

- IGBT's Q1 (absence of short circuits between collector-

(fig.3 );

gate and between emitter-collector

fig.4 );

- secondary board diodes D22 between anode and

).The secondary diodes can be checked

without removing the power board: with one prod on the secondary board dissipator diodes and the other in sequence on the two power transformer outlets;

B) With the multimeter set in ohm mode check the following

components:

- resistor R2:47ohm (pre-charge

- resistors R3, R4:22ohm (primary snubber

- resistor R22:10ohm (secondary snubber

- thermostat continuity test on IGBT dissipator: clean the resin from the bump contacts for ST1(A,B) and measure the resistance over these two bump contacts, it should

cathode ( fig. 4

fig.3 );

fig.3 );

fig.3 );

be approx 0 ohm (

fig.2B

).

6.0 Electrical measurements with the machine in

operation

WARNING!

should remind you that during these tests the power source is powered and therefore the operator is exposed to the danger of electric shock.The tests described below can be used to check operation of the power and control parts of the power source.

Before proceeding with troubleshooting, we

6.1 Preparation for testing

A) Set up a multimeter in DC volt mode and connect the

prods to the OUT+ and OUT- bump contacts.

B) Position the potentiometer R75 to maximum (clockwise

as far as it will go).

control circuit without powering the power board we recommend carrying out the test given at point 6.2, otherwise pass to the test at point 6.3.

to check correct operation of the

N.B.

6.2 Scheduled tests for theTECNICA 114 at low voltage

A) Between the cathode of diode D10 (+) and the anode of

diode D11(-) insert a stabilised power supply that is able to supply 40Vdc 500mA.

B) Set up the oscilloscope with the voltage probe x100

connected between the gate of Q1 and the earth on the

emitter, also of Q1

C) Switch on the stabilised power supply (initially set to 0V)

and gradually increase the generated voltage until it

reaches 40Vdc.

D) Make sure the waveform shown on the oscilloscope

if the signal is not present it may be

resembles

necessary to replace component Q1 or, alternatively, the

driver circuit U3, Q6 and Q7 (

E) Set up a multimeter in volt mode and make sure that ( fig.

3 ):

- the voltage over pins 2 and 1 of J8 is equal to +23V ±5%;

- the voltage over pins 5 and 1 of J8 is equal to +5Vdc

(fig.3)

.

fig. A . N.B.

fig.3 ).

±5%;

- the voltage over pins 4 and 1 of J8 is equal to +500mVdc

±5%;

- the voltage over pins 8 and 1 of J8 is equal to 0Vdc.

FIGURE A SETTINGS: · PROBE CH1 x10; · 5 V/Div; · 10 µ sec/Div. VERIFY
FIGURE A
SETTINGS:
· PROBE CH1 x10;
· 5 V/Div;
· 10
µ sec/Div.
VERIFY THAT:
·
THE FREQUENCY IS
:
60KHz ±10%.
·
POSITIVE
AMPLITUDE IS
+16V ±10%;
·
NEGATIVE
AMPLITUDE IS
-5V ±10%.

- 11 -

TECNICA 114 6.3 Scheduled tests for theTECNICA 114 (230V) A) Disconnect the stabilised power supply

TECNICA 114

6.3 Scheduled tests for theTECNICA 114 (230V)

A) Disconnect the stabilised power supply from the power

board.

B) Set up the dual trace oscilloscope. Connect probe CH2

(x100) to the collector of Q1 and probe CH1 (x10) to the

gate, also of Q1. The earth terminals are connected together to the emitter of Q1.

C) Connect the power supply cable to a single phase

variac with variable output 0-300Vac.

D) Switch on the variac (initially set to 0V), close the main

power supply switch on the power source and gradually increase the voltage generated by the variac until it reaches 230Vac then make sure that:

- the green power supply LED D34 lights up (

- the fan starts to turn for the power transformer;

- pre-charge relay K1 closes (

- for voltages close to the rated power supply value (230Vac ±15%) the power source does not signal an alarm (yellow LED D35 off).

N.B. if the alarm persists in the power source this could be due to a fault in the control components (in any case proceed to make further tests).

E) Make sure the waveform shown on the oscilloscope

if the signal is not present it may be

resembles

necessary to replace component Q1 or, alternatively, the

driver circuit U3, Q6 and Q7 (

fig.3 );

fig.3 );

fig. B . N.B.

fig.3 ).

FIGURE B SETTINGS : · PROBE CH1 x10; · 10 V/Div; · PROBE CH2 x100;
FIGURE B
SETTINGS :
· PROBE CH1 x10;
· 10 V/Div;
· PROBE CH2 x100;
· 200 V/Div;
· 5
µ sec/Div.
TIME TOLLERANCES:
±20%.
VERIFY THAT
· AMPLITUDE CH2
IS 320V ±10%;
· POSITIVE
AMPLITUDE CH1
IS +18V ±10%;
· NEGATIVE
AMPLITUDE CH1
IS -10V ±10%.

F)

Set up a multimeter in volt mode and make sure that ( fig.

3

):

-

the voltage over pins 2 and 1 of J8 is equal to +23Vdc

±5%;

-

the voltage over pins 5 and 1 of J8 is equal to +5Vdc

±5%;

-

the voltage over pins 4 and 1 of J8 is equal to +500mVdc

±5%;

-

the voltage over pins 8 and 1 of J8 is equal to 0Vdc;

-

the output voltage over OUT+ and OUT- is equal to +80Vdc ±10%.

G)

Set up the dual trace oscilloscope. Connect the voltage

probe x100 between the gate of Q1 and the earth to the

emitter, also of Q1 (

of R55 towards C11 and the earth to the anode of D11.

). Probe CH2 (x10) to the rheofore

fig. 3

H) Make sure the waveform shown on the oscilloscope

resembles

fig.C

.

FIGURE C SETTINGS: · PROBE CH1 x100; · 200V/Div; · PROBE CH2 x10; · 500mV/Div;
FIGURE C
SETTINGS:
· PROBE CH1 x100;
· 200V/Div;
· PROBE CH2 x10;
· 500mV/Div;
· 5
µ sec/Div.
TIME TOLLERANCES:
±20%.
VERIFY THAT
· AMPLITUDE CH1 IS
640V ±10%;
· AMPLITUDE CH2 IS
500mV ±50%;

I) Switch the power source off and on again and make sure

that, after the transitory switch-on time, there is no alarm

If an alarm persists

(yellow alarm LED D12 is off

(and is not caused by a fault in the control board) there could

be a fault in the opto-coupler ISO1 (

fig.3 ) . N.B.

fig.3 ).

6.4 Scheduled tests for theTECNICA 114 (115V)

WARNING! Power the power source at the rated voltage of 115Vac.In this case the tests are exactly the same as those for the Tecnica 114 (230V) and can be carried out in the same way.

7.0 Repairs,replacing the boards

If repairing the board is complicated or impossible, it should

be completely replaced. The board is identified by a 6-digit

code (printed in white on the component side after the

initials TW). This is the reference code for requesting a replacement:Telwin may supply boards that are compatible but with different codes. Warning: before inserting a new board check it carefully for

damage that may have occurred in transit.When we supply

a board it has already been tested and so if the fault is still present after it has been replaced correctly, check the other

machine components. Unless specifically required by the procedure, never alter the board trimmers.

7.1 Removing the power board (fig.2A)

If the fault is in the power board remove it from the bottom as follows:

- with the machine disconnected from the main supply, disconnect all the wiring connected to the board;

- remove the current adjustment knob on the front panel of

the machine (

fig.1

);

- remove any bands constraining the board (e.g. on the power supply cable and connections to primary);

- from the welding side undo the two screws fastening the

dinse sockets to the printed circuit board (

fig.2B ).

- undo the 2 screws fastening the board to the bottom ( fig.

2B ).

- undo the 2 screws fastening the board to the front and

back on the inside (

fig.2B ).

- after removing the screws, lift the board upwards to remove it from the bottom of the machine.

to re-assemble, proceed in the reverse order,

N.B.

remembering to insert the toothed washers on the earth screws.

- 12 -

TECNICA 114

TECNICA 114 A) Take special note of the procedure for replacing the IGBT (fig. 4): -

A) Take special note of the procedure for replacing the

IGBT (fig. 4):

- to replace the IGBT undo the screws fastening the

dissipator to the board (

fig.2B );

- remove IGBT Q1 by unsoldering the rheofores and also remove the solder from the bump contacts on the PCB;

- remove the dissipator from the board;

- undo the screws holding the IGBT.

Before proceeding with the replacement make sure that the

parts piloting the IGBT are not damaged as well:

-

with the multimeter set on

ohms

check the PCB to make

sure there is no short circuit between the 1st and 3rd bump contacts (between gate and emitter) corresponding to each component;

-

alternatively, resistors R8 and R9 could have blown and/or diodes D8 and D9 may be unable to work at a correct Zener voltage (this should have been detected in the preliminary tests);

-

clean any irregularities or dirt from the dissipator. If the IGBT module has blown the dissipator may be irreparably damaged: in such a case it should be replaced;

-

apply thermoconductive paste following the general instructions;

-

attach the new IGBT to the dissipator with the screw (torque wrench setting 1 Nm ±20%);

-

place the dissipator with the new IGBT on the bump contacts of the PCB, interposing, and attach it with the screws (torque wrench setting 1 Nm ±20%);

-

solder the terminals taking care not to let the solder run along them;

-

on the solder side cut the protruding part of the rheofores and make sure they have not shorted (between the gate and emitter in particular).

B)

Take special note of the procedure for replacing the

secondary diodes (fig. 4):

- undo the screws fastening the dissipator to the board;

- remove the secondary diodes by unsoldering the rheofores and also remove the solder from the bump contacts on the PCB;

- remove the dissipator from the board;

- remove the springs locking the diode;

- clean any irregularities or dirt from the dissipator. If the diode has blown the dissipator may have been irreparably damaged: in such a case it should be replaced;

- apply thermoconductive paste following the general instructions;

- insert the new diode between the dissipator and the spring, taking care not to damage the component during assembly (the spring should be inserted by pressure on the dissipator in order to lock the component);

- place the dissipator with the new component on the bump contacts of the PCB, and attach it with the screws (torque wrench setting 1 Nm ±20%);

- solder the terminals taking care not to let the solder run along them;

- on the soldering side cut the protruding part of the rheofores and make sure they have not shorted (between cathode and anode). N.B. make sure that resistor R22 and capacitor C22 of the

snubber are soldered correctly to the PCB (

fig.3 ).

TESTINGTHE MACHINE

Tests should be carried out on the assembled machine

before closing it with the top cover. During tests with the machine in operation never commute the selectors or activate the ohmic load contactor.

WARNING!

Before proceeding to test the machine, we

should remind you that during these tests the power source is powered and therefore the operator is exposed to the danger of electric shock. The tests given below are used to verify power source operation under load.

1.1 Preparation for testing

A) Connect the power source to the static load generator

(code 802110) using cables fitted with the appropriate dinse connectors.

B) Set up the dual trace oscilloscope. Connect the voltage

probe x100 between the gate of Q1 and the earth to the

emitter, also of Q1. Probe CH2 (x10) to the rheofore of R55 towards C11 and the earth to the anode of D11.

C) Set up a multimeter in DC volt mode and connect the

prods to the OUT+ and OUT- bump contacts.

D) Connect the power supply cable to the main 230Vac

power supply.

during testing prevent contact with the metal

part of the torch because of the presence of high voltages that are hazardous to the operator.

WARNING!

1.2 Scheduled tests for theTECNICA 114 (230V)

A) Minimum load test:

- set up the ohmic load with the switch settings as in the

table in

fig.D

;

- on the front panel turn the current potentiometer to minimum (turn anti-clockwise as far as it will go);

- switch on at the main switch;

- start up the ohmic load and make sure that:

- the waveforms displayed on the oscilloscope

resemble those in

fig.D

;

- the output current is equal to +9Adc ±5% and the output voltage is equal to +15Vdc ±5%;

- switch off the ohmic load and switch off the main switch.

FIGURE D SETTINGS: · PROBE CH1 x 100 · 200V/Div; · PROBE CH2 x10; ·
FIGURE D
SETTINGS:
· PROBE CH1 x 100
· 200V/Div;
· PROBE CH2 x10;
· 500mV/Div;
· 5
µsec
/Div.
TOLERANCES:
· FOR TIME 20%.
VERIFY THAT:
· PEAK AMPLITUDE
CH1 600V
± 10%.
· PEAK AMPLITUDE
CH2 900mV
± 30%.
1 2
3456
Numero commutatore
1 0
0000
Posizione commutatore

- 13 -

TECNICA 114 B) Intermediate load test: - set up the ohmic load with the switch

TECNICA 114

B) Intermediate load test:

- set up the ohmic load with the switch settings as in the

table in

fig.E

;

- on the front panel turn the current potentiometer to 40A (approx.Half-way);

- switch on at the main switch;

- start up the ohmic load and make sure that:

- the waveforms displayed on the oscilloscope

resemble those in

fig.E

;

- the output current is equal to +40Adc ±10% and the output voltage is equal to +21.6Vdc ±10%;

- switch off the ohmic load and switch off the main switch.

FIGURE E SETTINGS: · PROBE CH1 x100 · 200V/Div; · PROBE CH2 x10; · 1V/Div;
FIGURE E
SETTINGS:
· PROBE CH1 x100
· 200V/Div;
· PROBE CH2 x10;
· 1V/Div;
· 5
µ sec/Div.
TIME TOLLERANCES
±20%.
VERIFY THAT:
· PEAK AMPLITUDE
CH1 680V
± 10%.
· PEAK AMPLITUDE
CH2 2.5V
± 30%.
1 6
2 4
3 number switch
5
1 1
1 1
1 position switch
1

C) Rated load test:

- set up the static load generator with the switch settings

as in the table in

fig.F

;

- on the front panel turn the current potentiometer to maximum (turn clockwise as far as it will go);

- to the maximum (turn the knob clockwise as far as it will go) and switch on the main switch;

- activate the static load generator and make sure that:

- the voltage waveforms on the oscilloscope display

resemble those in fig.F ;

- the output current is equal to 75Adc ±5% and the output voltage is equal to +23.6Vdc ±5%; if the output current reading is not 75A ±5%, adjust the

current using jumpers JP1, JP2 and JP3 (

fig.5 ).

- switch off the ohmic load and switch off the main switch

FIGURE F SETTINGS: · PROBE CH1 x100 · 200V/Div; · PROBE CH2 x10; · 1V/Div;
FIGURE F
SETTINGS:
· PROBE CH1 x100
· 200V/Div;
· PROBE CH2 x10;
· 1V/Div;
· 5 µ sec/Div.
TIME TOLLERANCES
±20%.
VERIFY THAT:
· PEAK AMPLITUDE
CH1 680V
± 10%.
· PEAK AMPLITUDE
CH2 4.2V
±2
0%.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Switch number
2
2
2
2
2
1
Position of switch

D) Checking the secondary diode voltages:

- set up the dual trace oscilloscope by connecting probes CH1 and CH2 x100 to the two secondary outputs of the power transformer. The earth terminals are connected together to the secondary dissipator;

- remove the multimeter from the OUT+ and OUT- bump contacts;

- set up the ohmic load with the switch settings as in the

table in

fig.F

;

- switch on at the main switch;

- on the front panel turn the current potentiometer to maximum (turn clockwise as far as it will go);

- start up the ohmic load and make sure the waveforms;

- displayed on the oscilloscope resemble those in

- switch off the ohmic load and switch off the main switch.

fig.H ;

FIGURE G SETTINGS: · PROBE CH1 x100 · 50V/Div; · PROBE CH2 x100; · 5V/Div;
FIGURE G
SETTINGS:
· PROBE CH1 x100
· 50V/Div;
· PROBE CH2 x100;
· 5V/Div;
· 5 µ sec/Div.
TIME TOLLERANCES
±20%.
VERIFY THAT
· REVERSE
AMPLITUDE CH1
AND CH2 DOES NOT
EXCEED 250V.

E) Running time check and closing the machine

and the current adjustment

potentiometer on maximum, switch on the power source and leave it in operation until the thermostatic capsules trigger (machine in alarm status). Check the correct positioning of the internal wiring and finally re-assemble the machine.

With the load status as in

fig. F

F) Welding test

With the power source set up according to the instructions in the handbook make a test weld at 40¸70A (electrode diameter 2.5 mm). Check the dynamic behaviour of the power source.

1.3 Tests for theTECNICA 114 (115V)

WARNING! Power the power source at the rated voltage of 115Vac.In this case the tests are exactly the same as those

for the TECNICA 114 (230V) and can be carried out in the

same way.

- 14 -

ILLUSTRATIONS

TECNICA 114

ILLUSTRATIONS TECNICA 114 fig. 1 SCREWS FASTENING HANDLE CURRENT REGULATION POTENTIOMETER POWER SUPPLY LED ALARM
fig. 1 SCREWS FASTENING HANDLE CURRENT REGULATION POTENTIOMETER POWER SUPPLY LED ALARM LED SCREWS FASTENING
fig. 1
SCREWS
FASTENING
HANDLE
CURRENT REGULATION
POTENTIOMETER
POWER SUPPLY LED
ALARM LED
SCREWS FASTENING
BACK PANEL
DINSE SOCKET
SCREWS FASTENING
TOP COVER
SCREWS
FASTENING FRONT PANEL
fig. 2A POWER SUPPLY FILTER POWER INTERRUPTOR CAPACITORS FAN WIRE TRANSFORMER DIODES BRIDGE DISSIPATOR SECONDARY
fig. 2A
POWER SUPPLY
FILTER
POWER
INTERRUPTOR
CAPACITORS
FAN WIRE
TRANSFORMER
DIODES BRIDGE
DISSIPATOR
SECONDARY
BOTTOM
PRIMARY
INDUCTANCE
DISSIPATORS
DISSIPATORS
FAN

- 15 -

TECNICA 114 fig. 2B BUMPCONTACTS RHEOFORES BUMP CONTACTS THERMOSTAT Q1 FAN ST1 V1+,V1- SCREWS FASTENING

TECNICA 114

fig. 2B BUMPCONTACTS RHEOFORES BUMP CONTACTS THERMOSTAT Q1 FAN ST1 V1+,V1- SCREWS FASTENING DINSE SOCKETS
fig. 2B
BUMPCONTACTS
RHEOFORES
BUMP CONTACTS
THERMOSTAT
Q1
FAN
ST1
V1+,V1-
SCREWS
FASTENING
DINSE
SOCKETS
SECONDARY DISSIPATOR
SCREWS
FASTENING
RHEOFORES
D22
IGBT DISSIPATOR
SCREWS FASTENING
Q1
fig. 3
C2
Q1
D1
R2
K1
R55
Q11
J8
D11
U3
U2
U1
R75
D34
D35
ISO
C22, R22
THERMOSTAT
ST1
DISSIPATORS
R3, R4
DISSIPATORS
FOR IGBT
FOR DIODES
D22

- 16 -

TECNICA 114

TECNICA 114 ELENCO PEZZI DI RICAMBIO - LISTE PIECES DETACHEES SPARE PARTS LIST - ERSATZTEILLISTE -

ELENCO PEZZI DI RICAMBIO - LISTE PIECES DETACHEES SPARE PARTS LIST - ERSATZTEILLISTE - PIEZAS DE REPUESTO

Esploso macchina, Dessin appareil, Machine drawing, Explosions Zeichnung des Geräts, Diseño seccionado maquina.

19 18 22 9 21 20 17 14 6 8 16 23 11 12 1
19
18
22
9
21
20
17
14
6
8
16
23
11
12
1
4
3
7
10
5
13
2
15

Per richiedere i pezzi di ricambio senza codice precisare: codice del modello; il numero di matricola; numero di riferimento del particolare sull'elenco ricambi. Pour avoir les pieces detachees, dont manque la reference, il faudra preciser: modele, logo et tension de I'appareil; denomination de la piece; numero de matricule When requesting spare parts without any reference, pls specify: model-brand and voltage of machine; list reference number of the item; registration number Wenn Sie einen Ersatzteil, der ohne Artikel Nummer ist, benoetigen, bestimmen Sie bitte Folgendes: Modell-zeichen und Spannung des Geraetes; Teilliste Nuemmer; Registriernummer Por pedir una pieza de repuesto sin referencia precisar: modelo-marca e tension de la maquina; numero di riferimento de lista; numero di matricula

- 17 -

TECNICA 114 REF. ELENCO PEZZI DI RICAMBIO PIECES DETACHEES SPARE PARTS LIST ERSATZTEILLISTE PIEZAS DE

TECNICA 114

REF.

ELENCO PEZZI DI RICAMBIO PIECES DETACHEES SPARE PARTS LIST ERSATZTEILLISTE PIEZAS DE REPUESTO

 

Potenziometro

1 Potentiometre

Potentiometer

Potentiometer

Potenciometro

 

Diodo

2 Diode

Diode

Diode

Diodo

 

Raddrizzatore Monofase

Redresseur Monophase

3 Single-phase Rectifier

Einphasiger Gleichrichter

Rectificador Monofasico

 

Condensatore

Condensateur
4

Capacitor

Kondensator

Condensador

 

Igbt

Igbt
5

Igbt

Igbt

Igbt

 

Rele'

Relais

6 Relais

Relais

Relais

 

Diodo

Diode

7 Diode

Diode

Diodo

 

Resistenza

Resistance

8 Resistor

Widerstand

Resistencia

REF.

ELENCO PEZZI DI RICAMBIO PIECES DETACHEES SPARE PARTS LIST ERSATZTEILLISTE PIEZAS DE REPUESTO

 

Manopola Potenziometro Poignee Pour Potentiometre

9

Knob For Potentiometer

Potentiometergriff

M

alja Por Resist.electr.variable

 

Termostato

Thermostat

10

Thermal Switch

Thermostat

Termostato

 

Interruttore

Interrupteur

11

Switch

Schalter

Interruptor

 

Cavo Alim.

Cable Alim.

12

Mains Cable

Netzkabel

Cable Alim.

 

Ventilatore

Ventilateur

13

 

Fan

Ventilator

Aventador

 

Induttanza Filtro

Inductance Filter

14

Filter Inductance

Filter Drossel

Induccion Filtro

 

Induttanza

Inductance

15

Inductance

Drossel

Induccion

 

Trasformatore Potenza

Transformateur Puissance

16

Power Transformer

Leistungstransformator

Transformador De Potencia

REF.

ELENCO PEZZI DI RICAMBIO PIECES DETACHEES SPARE PARTS LIST ERSATZTEILLISTE PIEZAS DE REPUESTO

 

Frontale

17 Partie Frontal

Front Panel

Geraetefront

Frontal

 

Retro

Partie Arriere

18 Back Panel

Rueckseite

Trasera

 

Maniglia

Poignee

19 Handle

Handgriff

Manija

 

Fondo

20 Chassis

Bottom

Bodenteil

Base

 

Presa Dinse

Prise Dix

21 Dinse Socket

Dinse Steckdose

Enchufe Dinse

 

Kit Mantello Kit Capot 22 Cover Lit Deckel Kit Kit Panel De Cobertura

 

Kit Scheda

Kit Fiche

23 Kit Board

Kit Karte

Kit Tarjeta

REF. ELENCO PEZZI DI RICAMBIO PIECES DETACHEES SPARE PARTS LIST ERSATZTEILLISTE PIEZAS DE REPUESTO
REF.
ELENCO PEZZI DI RICAMBIO
PIECES DETACHEES
SPARE PARTS LIST
ERSATZTEILLISTE
PIEZAS DE REPUESTO
REF. ELENCO PEZZI DI RICAMBIO PIECES DETACHEES SPARE PARTS LIST ERSATZTEILLISTE PIEZAS DE REPUESTO
REF.
ELENCO PEZZI DI RICAMBIO
PIECES DETACHEES
SPARE PARTS LIST
ERSATZTEILLISTE
PIEZAS DE REPUESTO

TECHNICAL REPAIR CARD. In order to improve the service, each servicing centre is requested to fill in the technical card on the following page at the end of every repair job. Please fill in this sheet as accurately as possible and send it to Telwin. Thank you in advance for your co-operation!

- 18 -

TECNICA 114

TECNICA 114 Official servicing centers Repairing sheet Date: Inverter model : Serial number: Company:
Official servicing centers Repairing sheet Date: Inverter model : Serial number: Company: Technician:
Official servicing centers Repairing sheet Date: Inverter model : Serial number: Company: Technician:

Official servicing centers Repairing sheet

Date:

Inverter

model

:

Serial number:

Company:

Technician:

In which place has the inverter been used?

Building yard

Workshop

Others:

Supply:

Power supply From mains without extension From mains with extension m:

Mechanichal stresses the machine has undergone to Description:

Dirty grade Dirty inside the machine Description:

Kind of failure Component ref. Substitution of primary power board: yes no Rectifier bridge Electrolytic
Kind of failure
Component ref.
Substitution of primary power board:
yes
no
Rectifier bridge
Electrolytic capacitors
Relais
Troubles evinced during repair :
In-rush limiter resistance
IGBT
Snubber
Secondary diodes
Potentiometer
Others

- 19 -

TELWIN S.p.A. - Via della Tecnica, 3 36030 VILLAVERLA (Vicenza) Italy Tel. +39 - 0445
TELWIN S.p.A. - Via della Tecnica, 3 36030 VILLAVERLA (Vicenza) Italy Tel. +39 - 0445
TELWIN S.p.A. - Via della Tecnica, 3 36030 VILLAVERLA (Vicenza) Italy Tel. +39 - 0445

TELWIN S.p.A. - Via della Tecnica, 3 36030 VILLAVERLA (Vicenza) Italy Tel. +39 - 0445 - 858811 Fax +39 - 0445 - 858800 / 858801 E-mail: telwin@telwin.com http://www.telwin.com

(Vicenza) Italy Tel. +39 - 0445 - 858811 Fax +39 - 0445 - 858800 / 858801
(Vicenza) Italy Tel. +39 - 0445 - 858811 Fax +39 - 0445 - 858800 / 858801