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ccna certification practice exam

1 a network has been assigned the ip address of 156.16.0.0. a decision has been
made to divide the network into 1024 subnets. which of the following commands are
required to activate an ethernet interface and configure it with an address from
the 25th subnet of this network? (choose two.)

router(config-if)# ip address 156.16.5.0 255.255.255.224


router(config-if)# ip address 156.16.5.0 255.255.255.192
router(config-if)# ip address 156.16.6.65 255.255.255.192
router(config-if)# ip address 156.16.4.193 255.255.255.192
router(config-if)# no shutdown
router(config-if)# clockrate 56000

ce

2 which of the following application layer protocols use tcp? (choose three.)

smtp
ftp
icmp
telnet
hdlc
isdn

abd

3 which of the following are private ip addresses? (choose three.)

172.168.33.1
10.35.66.70
192.168.99.5
172.18.88.90
192.169.77.89
127.33.55.16

bcd

4 what must be done to enable a network administrator to configure a switch


remotely?

the switch must be assigned a host name.


the remote management terminal must be assigned to the management vlan.
the management ip address of the switch must be set.
the managment port must be configured for full-duplex operation.
cisco discovery protocol must be active on the switch.
snmp must be configured with the ip address of the management console.

5 which of the following isdn devices can be directly connected to the local loop?
(choose three.)

a router serial port


an isdn router with a nt interface
an isdn terminal adapter
an nt1 device
an nt1/nt2 device
a te1 device

bde

refer to the diagram. all ports on switch a are in the sales vlan and all ports on
switch b are in the accounting vlan. how many broadcast domains and how many
collision domains are shown? (choose two).

3 collision domains
3 broadcast domains
5 broadcast domains
9 collision domains
10 collision domains
13 collision domains

cd

7 which commands can a network administrator use to monitor and verify access list
operations? (choose two.)

router# show ios version


router# show access-lists
router# show ip route
router# show protocols
router# show ip interface
router# show cdp neighbor

bd

8 identify the factors that contribute to congestion on an ethernet lan. (choose


three.)

improper placement of enterprise level servers


addition of hosts to a physical segment
replacement of hubs with workgroup switches
increasing use of bandwidth intensive network applications
creation of new collision domains without first adding network hosts
migration to full-duplex ethernet within the lan

cdf

9 which of the following commands will display "serial0 is up, line protocol is
up"? (choose two.)

router# show ip route


router# show protocols
router# show interfaces
router# show ip protocols
router# show running-config
router# show cdp neighbors detail

bc

10 what command will display a list of commands available for viewing the status
of the router?
router# ?show
router# sh?
router# show ?
router# help
router# status ?

11

the network administrator shown in the graphic is unable to access the tftp server
attached to the miami router. consider only the ip addressing scheme to identify
the causes of this problem. (choose two.)

the default gateway configured on the network administrator's workstation is not a


valid host address.
the ip address configured on interface e1 of the miami router is not a valid host
address.
the ip address of the tftp server is a subnetwork address.
the ip address of the s0 interface of the detroit router is a broadcast address.
the ip addresses for the miami s1 interface and the detroit s0 are not in the same
subnet.

ae

12 a network host can ping other hosts on its local lan segment, but it is unable
to ping the ip address of the corporate intranet server on another subnet. which
of the following are potential causes of this problem? (choose two.)

a faulty patch cable from the host to the communications outlet


a nic hardware resource conflict on the host
an incorrect subnet mask on the host
an incorrect default gateway setting on the host
a local dns server failure

ad

13

a network administrator can ping the denver router, but gets a 'password required
but none set' message when trying to connect remotely via telnet. which command
sequence must be applied to the denver router to allow remote access?

router(config)# line console 0


router(config-line)# login
router(config-line)# password cisco
router(config)# line vty 0 4
router(config-line)# login
router(config-line)# password cisco
router(config)# line virtual terminal
router(config-line)# enable login
router(config-line)# password cisco
router(config)# line vty 0 4
router(config-line)# enable secret
router(config-line)# password cisco
router(config)# enable secret cisco
router(config)# enable cisco
b

14

a company has outgrown the address space provided by its 192.168.10.0 network. to
accommodate new users, the network administrator decided to implement vlans and do
the following:

1. place the users of the 192.168.10.0 network in vlan 168.


2. assign new users an ip address from the 172.30.10.0/24 network.
3. place users of the 172.30.10.0 network in vlan 30.

after implementing the planned vlans and connecting the network as shown in the
graphic, the administrator finds that the users in vlan 30 are unable to access
the internet or communicate with users in vlan 168. however, vlan 168 users are
able to access the internet and each other.

using the graphic, what should be done to enable users in vlan 30 to communicate
with vlan 168 users and the internet? (choose three.)

configure e1 with an address in the 172.30.10.0/24 network.


place all vlan 30 hosts on the same switch.
configure all hosts with 192.168.10.1 as the default gateway.
connect the router's e1 port to a switch port configured for vlan 30.
connect the router's e1 port to a switch port configured for vlan 168.
add the network 172.30.10.0 to the dynamic routing protocol process.

abc

15 which of the following best describes the operation of distance vector routing
protocols?

they use hop count as their only metric.


they only send out updates when a new network is added.
they send their routing tables to directly connected neighbors.
they flood the entire network with routing updates.

16 a router does not load its configuration after a power failure. after running
the show startup-configuration command, the adminstrator finds that the original
configuration is intact. what is the cause of this problem?

the configuration register is set for 0x2100.


the configuration register is set for 0x2101.
the configuration register is set for 0x2102.
the configuration register is set for 0x2142.
boot system commands are not configured.
flash memory is empty causing the router to bypass the configuration in nvram.

17 which of the following commands will verify layer 3 reachability between


networks?

router# show ip interface brief


router# show ip route
router# show cdp neighbors
router# show running-config
router# show protocols

18 which of the following statements are true regarding the command "ip route
192.168.7.24 255.255.255.248 192.168.7.9"? (choose two.)

a packet destined for host 192.168.7.30 will be forwarded to address 192.168.7.9.


192.168.7.9 is the destination network for this route.
192.168.7.24 is the next-hop router in this command.
this command is issued from the interface configuration mode.
this command is used to define a static route.
the route for this network will be propagated to other routers via rip.

de

19 what steps are required to implement and assign hosts to vlans? (choose two.)

create the vlans on a switch.


assign ports to the vlans.
select the vlan number on the host machine.
configure the switchports with ip addresses.

ab

20 which of the following ios commands will define the "interesting" traffic that
will cause an isdn link to become active, and which command will assign that
definition to an interface? (choose two.)

router(config)# dialer 100 idle-timeout 180


router(config)# dialer-list 100 protocol ip permit
router(config)# dialer map ip 192.168.100.1 name sanjose 555 1234
router(config-if)# dialer-group 100
router(config-if)# dialer 100 string 555-5000

cd

21 which of the following is associated with link-state routing protocols?

low processor overhead


poison reverse
routing loops
split horizon
shortest-path first calculations

22 on a cisco router, which of the following can be configured during setup mode?
(choose three.)

ip addresses
a message of the day banner
routed protocols
the clock rate for a serial interface
the enable password
host tables
aef

23

a switch can be configured for three different forwarding modes based on how much
of a frame is received before the forwarding process begins. each of the numbered
arrows in the accompanying graphic signifies the point in a frame where a
particular forwarding mode will begin. which one of the following groups reflects
the sequence of forwarding modes signified by the numbered arrows?

1) fast forward
2) fragment free
3) store-and-forward

1) store-and-forward
2) fragment free
3) fast forward
1) fragment free
2) fast forward
3) store-and-forward
1) fast forward
2) store-and-forward
3) fragment free

24

refer to the partial protocol data unit diagrams shown. which of the following
statements are true regarding the encapsulation process? (choose three.)

pdu #1 is an encapsulated packet.


pdu #2 is an application layer pdu
pdu #3 is a segment.
pdu #4 is a transport layer pdu.
the order in which these pdus are created during the encapsulation process is 3,
4, 1, 2.
the order in which these pdus are created during the encapsulation process is 2,
1, 4, 3.

def

25 which of the following encapsulation methods are available on the isdn b


channel? (choose three.)

ddr
hdlc
lapb
lapd
lcp
ppp

bcd

26 which terms refer to frame relay congestion management mechanisms? (choose


three.)

becn
cir
dlci
de
fecn
lmi

abe

27 which layer of the tcp/ip model corresponds with layer 3 of the osi model?

the application layer


the network layer
the internet layer
the ip layer
the data-link layer
the network interface layer

28 a router has learned about a network through static and dynamic routing
processes. which of the following routes will be used to reach network
192.168.168.0?

i 192.168.168.0/24 [100/8947] via 192.168.200.1, 00:00:09, ethernet0


o 192.168.168.0/24 [110/1012] via 192.168.200.1, 00:00:22, ethernet0
r 192.168.168.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.200.1, 00:00:17, ethernet0
s 192.168.168.0/24 [1/0] via 192.168.200.1, 00:00:10, ethernet0

29 which of the following statements are true regarding ip default routing?


(choose three.)

router(config-if)# ip default-route 150.150.150.150 will set a default route.


router(config)# ip default-network 150.150.150.150 will set a default route.
default routes keep the routing table shorter.
a default route is used to forward data when the destination network is not
explicitly listed in the routing table.
default routes are automatically created when the routing protocol is enabled.

bcd

30 which of the following are methods of flow control? (choose three.)

positive acknowledgement
buffering
congestion avoidance
retransmission
windowing

bce

31

when troubleshooting a network, it is important to interpret the output of various


router commands. using the graphic, identify which of the following statements are
true. (choose three.)
the missing information for blank 1 is the command show ip route.
the missing information for blank 1 is the command debug ip route.
the missing information for blank 2 is the number 100.
the missing information for blank 3 is the letter r.
the missing information for blank 3 is the letter i.
the missing information for blank 4 is the letter c.

acf

32 the router reads each bit to determine the class of an address. which of the
following binary numbers would the router identify as public class a addresses?
(choose three.)

00001010.10101100.11001100.00000111
00011111.11110011.11111111.00111011
01011101.11100001.11001100.11011011
10000000.11111000.11000111.11110011
00010111.11011011.11000001.11001100

bcd

33 after several configuration changes are made to a router, the copy run start
command is issued. where will the changes be stored?

flash
rom
nvram
ram
the configuration register
a tftp server

34

refer to the diagram. spanning-tree protocol is running in all three switches.


after running spanning-tree protocol, ports 1,2,3,4, and 5 are placed in the
forwarding state. which spanning-tree state will port 6 be assigned in order to
prevent a loop?

listening state
disabled state
blocking state
learning state
forwarding state

35

according to the the provided router output, which of the following statements is
true regarding ppp operation?

only the link-establishment phase completed successfully.


only the network-layer phase completed successfully.
neither the link-establishment phase nor the the network-layer phase completed
successfully.
both the link-establishment and network-layer phase completed successfully.
d

36 which type of vlan identification is specified by ieee 802.1q?

frame filtering
frame switching
frame bridging
frame checking
frame tagging

37 assuming that four bits have been borrowed to make subnets, identify the subnet
network addresses. (choose three.)

192.168.14.8
192.168.14.16
192.168.14.24
192.168.14.32
192.168.14.148
192.168.14.208

abc

38

the show cdp neighbors command is a very useful network troubleshooting tool.
using the output in the graphic, select the statements that are true. (choose
two.)

cdp operates at the network layer of the osi model.


the output of this command displays information about directly connected cisco
devices only.
the switch is attached to the sanjose1 fastethernet0/21 interface.
sanjose1 is running cdp version 12.0.
sanjose1 has two fully operational, cdp-enabled cisco switches directly connected
to it.
sanjose2 is a 2600 series router running several routed protocols.

bd

39 which of the following are true concerning full-duplex operation on an ethernet


network? (choose three.)

there are no collisions in full-duplex mode.


a dedicated switch port is required for each node.
hub ports are preconfigured for full-duplex mode.
the host network card must detect the availability of the media before
transmitting.
the host network card and the switch port must be capable of operating in full-
duplex mode.

abe

40 which of the following are examples of tcp/ip application layer protocols?


(choose three.)
a terminal emulation protocol that supports remote console connections with
various network devices
a protocol created by ibm that makes it easier for mainframes to connect to remote
offices
a protocol responsible for transporting electronic mail on tcp/ip networks and the
internet
a protocol that controls the rate at which data is sent to another computer
a protocol that exchanges network management information between a network device
and a management console

acd

41 the output of the show ip interface brief command displays serial0 is up, line
protocol is down. which of the following are possible causes for the line protocol
being in the down state? (choose two.)

the clock rate is not set on the dte.


an incorrect default gateway is set on the router.
a network is missing from the routing protocol configuration.
the encapsulation on the serial0 interface is incorrect.
keepalives are not being sent.

cd

42 assuming a subnet mask of 255.255.224.0, which of the following would be valid


host addresses? (choose three.)

124.78.103.0
125.67.32.0
125.78.160.0
126.78.48.0
176.55.96.0
186.211.100.0

abc

43

which hosts will receive arp requests from host a, assuming that port 4 on both
switches is configured to carry traffic for multiple vlans? (choose three.)

host b
host c
host d
host e
host f

44 a serial link between routera and routerb is configured for ppp with pap
authentication. which of the following additional commands are required on the
routers in order for routerb to authenticate to routera? (choose two.)

routera(config)# username stranger password letmein


routerb(config)# username stranger password letmein
routera(config-if)# ppp pap sent-username stranger password letmein
routerb(config-if)# ppp pap sent-username stranger password letmein
ab

45 which of the following are features of a connection-oriented protocol? (choose


two.)

data transport reliability


best path determination
establishing, maintaining, and terminating virtual circuits
encapsulation of packets in a data frame with source and destination mac addresses

best-effort datagram delivery

ac

46 where should extended access control lists be placed?

they should be placed as close as possible to the source of the traffic to be


denied.
they should be placed as close as possible to the destination of the traffic to be
denied.
they should be placed on the fastest interface available.
they should be placed on the destination wan link.

47 which of the following statements are true regarding the meaning of the access
control list wildcard mask 0.0.0.15? (choose two.)

the first 28 bits of a supplied ip address will be ignored.


the last four bits of a supplied ip address will be ignored.
the first 32 bits of a supplied ip address will be matched.
the first 28 bits of a supplied ip address will be matched.
the last five bits of a supplied ip address will be ignored.
the last four bits of a supplied ip address will be matched.

af

48

refer to the diagram. two vlans have been configured on the switch and users have
been assigned. users in the sales vlan can ping all of the users in their vlan,
but can not ping the users in the hr vlan. why is this true? (choose two.)

all users are in one collision domain.


all users are in one broadcast domain.
a router is required for communication between vlans.
the users are in separate broadcast domains.
the switch has not been assigned an ip address.

cd

49 frame relay is configured over a point-to-point connection between two routers.


the output of the show frame-relay pvc command indicates that the status of this
pvc is inactive. which of the following devices could be the source of the
problem? (choose two.)

local router
local frame relay switch
remote router
remote frame relay switch

ab

50

the tampa and orlando routers have been configured but do not have full
connectivity. using the partial command output and the diagram, which of the
following will occur when testing the network?

tampa and orlando will not be able to ping each other through the serial
interfaces.
tampa and orlando will not learn any routes through the rip process.
orlando will have all five of the networks listed in its routing table.
tampa will have all five of the networks listed in its routing table.

51 understanding the differences between pap and chap is essential. read the items
below and determine which are correct. (choose three.)

pap sends passwords in clear text.


pap uses a 3-way handshake to establish a link.
pap uses the router to control the frequency of login attempts.
chap uses a 2-way handshake to establish a link.
chap encrypts the password while providing protection against playback attacks.
chap uses repeated challenges for verification.

ace

52 which of the following applications use the udp protocol? (choose two.)

telnet
snmp
smtp
sql
tftp

ce

53

a dynamic routing protocol is configured and working on all of the routers shown
in the network. the new network, 143.116.123.0/24, was added to the configuration
of router e and advertised in its routing table 60 seconds ago. which of the
following statements are true regarding the new network? (choose three.)

if rip is the routing protocol, routers a,b,c,d, and e should display the new
network in their routing table.
if rip is the routing protocol, all of the routers should display the new network
in their routing table.
if igrp is the routing protocol, routers a,b,c,d, and e should display the new
network in their routing table.
if igrp is the routing protocol, only router e should display the new network in
its routing table.
if ospf is the routing protocol, routers b,c, and e should display the new network
in their routing table.
if ospf is the routing protocol, all of the routers should display the new network
in their routing table.

abc

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