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C.

TRANSMISSION CALCULATION

Transmitter Output Power (Pt) = 29 dBm


Receiver Threshold = -72 dBm
Reliability = 99.99%
Fade Margin (FM) = 38 dB
Waveguide Length (from antenna base): 6.1 m allowance to equipment
Radome Loss = 0.5 dB
Connector Loss = 0.5 dB

A TO R

Frequency = 6.585 GHz


Distance = 41 km
Waveguide Loss (at 6.585Ghz) = 4.50 dB/100m
Antenna Height (A) = 123m
Antenna Height (R) = 72m

Receiver Signal level (RSL) = FM + Receiver Threshold


RSL = 38 dB – 72 dB
RSL = -34 dB

Free Space Loss (FSL) = 92.4 + 20log F (GHz) + 20log D(km)


FSL = 92.4 + 20log(6.585) + 20log(41)
FSL = 141.0267927 dB

Waveguide Loss A = Waveguide Loss * (Antenna Height + Allowance) / 100


Waveguide Loss A = 4.50 * (123 + 6.1) / 100
Waveguide Loss A = 5.8095 dB

Waveguide Loss R = Waveguide Loss * (Antenna Height + Allowance) / 100


Waveguide Loss R = 4.50 * (72 + 6.1) / 100
Waveguide Loss R = 3.5145 dB

Total Waveguide Loss = Waveguide Loss A + Waveguide Loss R


Total Waveguide Loss = 5.8095 + 3.5145
Total Waveguide Loss = 9.324 dB

Total Connector Loss = 0.5 dB per site * 2


Total Connector Loss = 1 dB

Total Radome Loss = 0.5 dB per site * 2


Total Radome Loss = 1 dB

Total Fixed Losses A = Waveguide Loss A + Connector Loss + Radome Loss


Total Fixed Losses A = 5.8095 + 0.5 + 0.5
Total Fixed Losses A = 6.8095 dB

Total Fixed Losses R = Waveguide Loss B + Connector Loss + Radome Loss


Total Fixed Losses R = 3.5145 + 0.5 + 0.5
Total Fixed Losses R = 4.5145 dB
Total Losses = FSL + WG loss + Connector Loss + Radome Loss
Total Losses = 141.0267927 + 9.324 + 1 + 1
Total Losses = 152.3507927 dB

Total Antenna Gain = RSL – Pt + Total Losses


Total Antenna Gain = -34 – 29 + 152.3507927
Total Antenna Gain = 89.3507927 dB

Antenna Gain = Total Antenna Gain / 2


Antenna Gain = 89.3507927 / 2
Antenna Gain = 44.67539635 dB

Antenna Diameter (D):


Antenna Gain = 7.5 + 20log F (GHz) + 20 log B (ft)
44.67539635 = 7.5 + 20log (6.585) + 20log B
D = 10.97018719 ft

Note: Antenna chosen is 12 ft.

REVERSE CALCULATION

Antenna Gain = 7.5 + 20log F (GHz) + 20 log D (ft)


Antenna Gain = 7.5 + 20log (6.585) + 20log 12
Antenna Gain = 45.45474051 dB

Total Antenna Gain = Antenna Gain * 2


Total Antenna Gain = 45.45474051 * 2
Total Antenna Gain = 90.90948101 dB

Net Path Loss = Free Space Loss – Total Antenna Gain


Net Path Loss = 141.0267927 – 90.90948101
Net Path Loss = 50.11731169 dB

Receiver Signal Level = Pt + Total Antenna Gain – Total Losses


Receiver Signal Level = 29 + 90.90948101 – 152.3507927
Receiver Signal Level = -32.44131169 dB

Fade Margin = Receiver Signal Level – Receiver Threshold


Fade Margin = -32.44131169 + 72
Fade Margin = 39.55868831 dB

Undp = 2.5*a*b*f*D^3*10^(-FM/10)*10^-6
Undp = 2.5*4*0.25*6.585*(41/1.609344)^3*10^(-1*40.1879127/10)*10^-6
Undp = 3.10323 x 10^-05

Reliability = (1 - Undp)*100%
Reliability = (1 – 3.10323 x 10^-05)*100%
Reliability = 99.99698677%
R TO A

Frequency = 6.729GHz
Distance = 41km
Waveguide Loss (at 6.729Ghz) = 4.44 dB/100m
Antenna Height (A) = 123m
Antenna Height (R) = 72m

Receiver Signal level (RSL) = FM + Receiver Threshold


RSL = 38 dB – 72 dB
RSL = -34 dB

Free Space Loss (FSL) = 92.4 + 20log F (GHz) + 20log D(km)


FSL = 92.4 + 20log(6.729) + 20log(41)
FSL = 141.2146877 dB

Waveguide Loss A = Waveguide Loss * (Antenna Height + Allowance) / 100


Waveguide Loss A = 4.44 * (123 + 6.1) / 100
Waveguide Loss A = 5.73204 dB

Waveguide Loss R = Waveguide Loss * (Antenna Height + Allowance) / 100


Waveguide Loss R = 4.44 * (72 + 6.1) / 100
Waveguide Loss R = 3.46764 dB

Total Waveguide Loss = Waveguide Loss A + Waveguide Loss R


Total Waveguide Loss = 5.73204 + 3.46764
Total Waveguide Loss = 9.19968 dB

Total Connector Loss = 0.5 dB per site * 2


Total Connector Loss = 1 dB

Total Radome Loss = 0.5 dB per site * 2


Total Radome Loss = 1 dB

Total Fixed Losses A = Waveguide Loss A + Connector Loss + Radome Loss


Total Fixed Losses A = 5.73204 + 0.5 + 0.5
Total Fixed Losses A = 6.73204 dB

Total Fixed Losses R = Waveguide Loss B + Connector Loss + Radome Loss


Total Fixed Losses R = 3.46764 + 0.5 + 0.5
Total Fixed Losses R = 4.46764 dB

Total Losses = FSL + WG loss + Connector Loss + Radome Loss


Total Losses = 141.2146877 + 9.19968 + 1 + 1 dB
Total Losses = 152.4143677 dB

Total Antenna Gain = RSL – Pt + Total Losses


Total Antenna Gain = -34 – 29 + 152.4143677
Total Antenna Gain = 89.4143677 dB

Antenna Gain = Total Antenna Gain / 2


Antenna Gain = 89.4143677 / 2
Antenna Gain = 44.70718385 dB

Antenna Diameter (D):


Antenna Gain = 7.5 + 20log F (GHz) + 20 log B (ft)
44.70718385 = 7.5 + 20log (6.729) + 20log B
D = 10.77478627 ft

Note: Antenna chosen is 8 ft.

REVERSE CALCULATION

Antenna Gain = 7.5 + 20log F (GHz) + 20 log D (ft)


Antenna Gain = 7.5 + 20log (6.729) + 20log 12
Antenna Gain = 45.64263549 dB

Total Antenna Gain = Antenna Gain * 2


Total Antenna Gain = 45.64263549 * 2
Total Antenna Gain = 91.28527097 dB

Net Path Loss = Free Space Loss – Total Antenna Gain


Net Path Loss = 141.2146877 – 91.28527097
Net Path Loss = 49.92941673 dB

Receiver Signal Level = Pt + Total Antenna Gain – Total Losses


Receiver Signal Level = 29 + 91.28527097 – 152.4143677
Receiver Signal Level = -32.12909673 dB

Fade Margin = Receiver Signal Level – Receiver Threshold


Fade Margin = -32.12909673 + 72
Fade Margin = 39.87090327 dB

Undp = 2.5*a*b*f*D^3*10^(-FM/10)*10^-6
Undp = 2.5*4*0.25*6.729*(41/1.609344)^3*10^(-40.6830229/10)*10^-6
Undp = 2.86553 x 10^-05

Reliability = (1 - Undp)*100%
Reliability = (1 - 2.86553 x 10^-05)*100%
Reliability = 99.99713447%
B TO R

Frequency = 6.636GHz
Distance = 35km
Waveguide Loss (at 6.636Ghz) = 4.50 dB/100m
Antenna Height (B) = 150m
Antenna Height (R) = 663m

Receiver Signal level (RSL) = FM + Receiver Threshold


RSL = 38 dB – 72 dB
RSL = -34 dB

Free Space Loss (FSL) = 92.4 + 20log F (GHz) + 20log D(km)


FSL = 92.4 + 20log(6.54) + 20log(35)
FSL = 139.7194884 dB

Waveguide Loss B = Waveguide Loss * (Antenna Height + Allowance) / 100


Waveguide Loss B = 4.50* (150 + 6.1) / 100
Waveguide Loss B = 7.0245 dB

Waveguide Loss R = Waveguide Loss * (Antenna Height + Allowance) / 100


Waveguide Loss R = 4.50* (663 + 6.1) / 100
Waveguide Loss R = 30.1095 dB

Total Waveguide Loss = Waveguide Loss B + Waveguide Loss R


Total Waveguide Loss = 7.0245 + 30.1095
Total Waveguide Loss = 370134 dB

Total Connector Loss = 0.5 dB per site * 2


Total Connector Loss = 1 dB

Total Radome Loss = 0.5 dB per site * 2


Total Radome Loss = 1 dB

Total Fixed Losses B = Waveguide Loss B + Connector Loss + Radome Loss


Total Fixed Losses B = 7.0245 + 0.5 + 0.5
Total Fixed Losses B = 8.0245 dB

Total Fixed Losses R = Waveguide Loss B + Connector Loss + Radome Loss


Total Fixed Losses R = 30.1095 + 0.5 + 0.5
Total Fixed Losses R = 31.1095 dB

Total Losses = FSL + WG loss + Connector Loss + Radome Loss


Total Losses = 139.7194884 + 37.134 + 1 + 1
Total Losses = 178.8534884 dB

Total Antenna Gain = RSL – Pt + Total Losses


Total Antenna Gain = -34 – 29 + 178.8534884
Total Antenna Gain = 115.8534884 dB

Antenna Gain = Total Antenna Gain / 2


Antenna Gain = 115.8534884 / 2
Antenna Gain = 57.92674422 dB

Antenna Diameter (D):


Antenna Gain = 7.5 + 20log F (GHz) + 20 log B (ft)
57.92674422 = 7.5 + 20log (6.636) + 20log B
D = 50.05308308 ft

Note: Antenna chosen is 50 ft.

REVERSE CALCULATION

Antenna Gain = 7.5 + 20log F (GHz) + 20 log D (ft)


Antenna Gain = 7.5 + 20log (6.636) + 20log 50
Antenna Gain = 57.91752763 dB

Total Antenna Gain = Antenna Gain * 2


Total Antenna Gain = 57.91752763 * 2
Total Antenna Gain = 115.8350553 dB

Net Path Loss = Free Space Loss – Total Antenna Gain


Net Path Loss = 139.7194884 – 115.8350553
Net Path Loss = 23.88443317 dB

Receiver Signal Level = Pt + Total Antenna Gain – Total Losses


Receiver Signal Level = 29 + 115.8350553 – 178.8534884
Receiver Signal Level = -34.01843317 dB

Fade Margin = Receiver Signal Level – Receiver Threshold


Fade Margin = -34.01843317 + 72
Fade Margin = 37.98156683 dB

Undp = 2.5*a*b*f*D^3*10^(-FM/10)*10^-6
Undp = 2.5*0.25*0.25*6.636*(35/1.609344)^3*10^(-40.07058714/10)*10^-6
Undp = 1.69757 x 10^-06

Reliability = (1 - Undp)*100%
Reliability = (1 – 1.69757 x 10^-06)*100%
Reliability = 99.99983024%
R TO B

Frequency = 6.824GHz
Distance = 35km
Waveguide Loss (at 6.824Ghz) = 4.43 dB/100m
Antenna Height (B) = 150m
Antenna Height (R) = 663m

Receiver Signal level (RSL) = FM + Receiver Threshold


RSL = 38 dB – 72 dB
RSL = -34 dB

Free Space Loss (FSL) = 92.4 + 20log F (GHz) + 20log D(km)


FSL = 92.4 + 20log(6.824) + 20log(35)
FSL = 139.9621413 dB

Waveguide Loss B = Waveguide Loss * (Antenna Height + Allowance) / 100


Waveguide Loss B = 4.43* (150 + 6.1) / 100
Waveguide Loss B = 6.91523 dB

Waveguide Loss R = Waveguide Loss * (Antenna Height + Allowance) / 100


Waveguide Loss R = 4.43* (663 + 6.1) / 100
Waveguide Loss R = 29.64113 dB

Total Waveguide Loss = Waveguide Loss A + Waveguide Loss R


Total Waveguide Loss = 6.91523 + 29.64113
Total Waveguide Loss = 36.55636 dB

Total Connector Loss = 0.5 dB per site


Total Connector Loss = 1 dB

Total Radome Loss = 0.5 dB per site * 2


Total Radome Loss = 1 dB

Total Fixed Losses B = Waveguide Loss B + Connector Loss + Radome Loss


Total Fixed Losses A = 6.91523 + 0.5 + 0.5
Total Fixed Losses A = 7.91523 dB

Total Fixed Losses R = Waveguide Loss R + Connector Loss + Radome Loss


Total Fixed Losses R = 29.64113 + 0.5 + 0.5
Total Fixed Losses R = 30.64113 dB

Total Losses = FSL + WG loss + Connector Loss + Radome Loss


Total Losses = 139.9621413 + 36.55636 + 1 + 1
Total Losses = 178.5185013 dB

Total Antenna Gain = RSL – Pt + Total Losses


Total Antenna Gain = -34 – 29 + 178.5185013
Total Antenna Gain = 115.5185013 dB

Antenna Gain = Total Antenna Gain / 2


Antenna Gain = 115.5185013 / 2
Antenna Gain = 57.75925063 dB

Antenna Diameter (D):


Antenna Gain = 7.5 + 20log F (GHz) + 20 log B (ft)
57.75925063 = 7.5 + 20log (6.824) + 20log B
D = 47.74451798 ft

Note: Antenna chosen is 50 ft.

REVERSE CALCULATION

Antenna Gain = 7.5 + 20log F (GHz) + 20 log D (ft)


Antenna Gain = 7.5 + 20log (6.824) + 20log 50
Antenna Gain = 58.16018045 dB

Total Antenna Gain = Antenna Gain * 2


Total Antenna Gain = 58.16018045 * 2
Total Antenna Gain = 116.3203609 dB

Net Path Loss = Free Space Loss – Total Antenna Gain


Net Path Loss = 139.9621413 – 116.3203609
Net Path Loss = 23.64178035 dB

Receiver Signal Level = Pt + Total Antenna Gain – Total Losses


Receiver Signal Level = 29 + 116.3203609 – 178.5185013
Receiver Signal Level = -33.19814035 dB

Fade Margin = Receiver Signal Level – Receiver Threshold


Fade Margin = -33.19814035 + 72
Fade Margin = 38.80185965 dB

Undp = 2.5*a*b*f*D^3*10^(-FM/10)*10^-6
Undp = 2.5*0.25*0.25*6.828*(35/1.609344)^3*10^(-40.67130734/10)*10^-6
Undp = 1.44521 x 10^-06

Reliability = (1 - Undp)*100%
Reliability = (1 - 1.44521 x 10^-06)*100%
Reliability = 99.99985548%