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Kimberly Clark Professional

Emission Factors of Fuel


enero 2010

ndice
1 Distribution 2 Disposal 3 7

ndice de Tablas
Table 1 Fuel Characteristics (Distribution) Table 1 Fuel Characteristics (Distribution) Tabla 2 Fuel Characteristics (Disposal) Tabla 2 Fuel Characteristics (Disposal) 3 3 7 7

ndice de Figuras

85/11151/4121 Carbon Footprint Model Inputs

1 Distribution
Table 1 Fuel Type Fuel Characteristics (Distribution) Average fuel consumption (L/km) Proportion of fuel carbon oxidised (%) CO2 eq. emissions (ton/km)

Disel (trucks) Biofuel / Ethanol (trucks) Fuel Marino Especial Heavy Fuel Oil N 6 (ships) References a)

0.431 0.35 12.5

100 100 100

1.16 kg CO2/Km 0.06 Ton CO2/Km 33.75 kg CO2/Km

Disel http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-resources/calculator.html
Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: Fast Facts 1990-2005. Conversion Factors to Energy Units (Heat Equivalents) Heat Contents and Carbon Content Coefficients of Various Fuel Types. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. USEPA #430-R-07-002 (PDF) IPCC (2006). 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland.

G:\85\11151\Tech\CAPTULO 6 - LOS COSTOS DEL TRANSPORTE DE CARGAS ENTRE LOS PAISES DEL MERCOSUR.htm http://es.boats.com/boat-details/Container-Ship-Container-Feeder/21232431

G:\85\11151\Tech\CAPTULO 6 - LOS COSTOS DEL TRANSPORTE DE CARGAS ENTRE LOS PAISES DEL MERCOSUR.htm

85/11151/4121 Carbon Footprint Model Inputs

0.43 metric tons CO2/barrel2= 2.7 kg CO2/L 2.7 kg CO2/L *0.43 L/Km= 1.16 kg CO2/Km b)

Biodisel
IPCC (2006). 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland.

http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-resources/calculator.html#results

1 barril= 159 L

85/11151/4121 Carbon Footprint Model Inputs

Ethanol= 0.000191 kg NO2/km = 0.06 kg CO2/km 0.001227 kg CH4/km = 0.03 Kg CO2/Km c) Navegation

7.5 ton/da a 13 nudos; full carga. http://es.boats.com/boat-details/Container-Ship-ContainerFeeder/21232431 13 nudos= 25 km/hr= 600 km/da Por lo tanto, (7.5 ton/da)/ (600 km/da) = 0.0125 ton/km =12.5 L/km

85/11151/4121 Carbon Footprint Model Inputs

0.43 metric tons CO2/barrel3= 2.7 kg CO2/L 2.7 kg CO2/L *12.5 L/Km= 33.75 kg CO2/Km

1 barril= 159 L

85/11151/4121 Carbon Footprint Model Inputs

2 Disposal
Tabla 2 Fuel Type Fuel Characteristics (Disposal) Average fuel consumption (L/km) Proportion of fuel carbon oxidised (%) CO2 eq. emissions (ton/km)

Disel (trucks) Biofuel / Ethanol (trucks) Fuel Marino Especial (ships)

0.44 0.35 12.5

100 100 100

1.16 kg CO2/Km 0.06 Ton CO2/Km 33.75 kg CO2/Km

Biodiesel de residuos de la caa azucarera(diplomado practico de energias alternativas)

85/11151/4121 Carbon Footprint Model Inputs

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85/11151/4121 Carbon Footprint Model Inputs