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kim loi + axit thng

Cu 1: Ho tan hon ton 2,17 gam hn hp 3 kim loi A, B, C trong dung dch HCl d thu
c 2,24 lt kh H2 (ktc) v m gam mui. Gi tr ca m l
A. 9,27.
B. 5,72.
C. 6,85.
D. 6,48.
Cu 2: Ho tan hon ton 10,4 gam hn hp A gm Fe v kim loi R (c ha tr khng
i) bng dung dch HCl thu c 6,72 lt H2 (ktc). Mt khc, nu cho A tc dng hon
ton vi dung dch HNO3 long d th thu c 1,96 lt N2O duy nht (ktc) v khng to ra
NH4NO3. Kim loi R l
A. Al.
B. Mg.
C. Zn.
D. Ca.
Dng cho cu 3 v 4: Ho tan ht hn hp X gm Fe v Mg bng mt lng va dung
dch HCl 20%, thu c dung dch D. Nng ca FeCl2 trong dung dch D l 15,757%.
Cu 3: Nng phn trm ca MgCl2 trong dung dch D l
A. 11,787%.
B. 84,243%.
C. 88,213%.
D. 15,757%.
Cu 4: Phn trm khi lng ca Fe trong hn hp X l
A. 30%.
B. 70%.
C. 20%.
D. 80%.
Cu 5 (A-07): Cho m gam hn hp Mg, Al vo 250ml dung dch cha hn hp HCl 1M v
H2SO4 0,5M thu c 5,32 lt kh H2 (ktc) v dung dch Y. Coi th tch dung dch khng
i. Dung dch Y c pH l
A. 1.
B. 6.
C. 2.
D. 7.
Cu 6 (B-07): Cho 1,67 gam hn hp 2 kim loi 2 chu k k tip nhau thuc nhm IIA
tc dng ht vi dung dch HCl d, thot ra 0,672 lt kh H2 (ktc). Hai kim loi l
A. Mg v Ca.
B. Ca v Sr.
C. Sr v Ba.
D. Be v Mg.
Cu 7: Cho 3,87gam hn hp X gm Mg v Al vo 250ml dung dch X gm HCl 1M v
H2SO4 0,5M thu c dung dch B v 4,368 lt H2(ktc). Phn trm khi lng Mg v Al trong
X tng ng l
A. 37,21% Mg v 62,79% Al.
B. 62,79% Mg v 37,21%
Al.
C. 45,24% Mg v 54,76% Al.
D. 54,76% Mg v 45,24%
Al.
Cu 8: Ho tan hon ton 15,8 gam hn hp Mg, Fe, Al trong dung dch H2SO4 long d thu
c 13,44 lt kh H2 (ktc) v dung dch X. Cho X tc dng vi dung dch NaOH thu c lng kt ta ln nht l m gam. Gi tr ca m l
A. 20,6
B. 26,0.
C. 32,6.
D. 36,2.
Cu 9: Ho tan 1,19 gam hn hp A gm Al, Zn bng dung dch HCl va thu c dung
dch X v V lt kh Y (ktc). C cn dung dch X c 4,03 gam mui khan. Gi tr ca V
l
A. 0,224.
B. 0,448.
C. 0,896.
D. 1,792.
Cu 10: Ho tan hon ton hn hp X gm 5,6 gam Fe v 32,0 gam Fe 2O3 trong dung
dch HCl thu c dung dch Y cha m gam mui. Gi tr ca m l
A. 77,7.
B. 70,6.
C. 63,5.
D. 45,2.
Cu 11: Cho 5,35 gam hn hp X gm Mg, Fe, Al vo 250ml dung dch Y gm H2SO4 0,5M
v HCl 1M thu c 3,92lt kh (ktc) v dung dch A. C cn dung dch A trong iu
kin khng c khng kh, thu c m gam cht rn khan. Gi tr ca m l
A. 20,900.
B. 26,225.
C. 26,375.
D. 28,600.
Dng cho cu 12, 13, 14: Chia 16,9 gam hn hp Mg, Fe, Zn thnh 2 phn bng nhau.
Phn 1 tc dng va vi V1 lt dung dch HCl 2M thu c x gam mui v 4,48 lt kh
H2 (ktc). Phn 2 tc dng va vi V2 lt dung dch H2SO4 0,1M thu c y gam mui.
Cu 12: Gi tr ca x l
A. 22,65.
B. 24,00.
C. 28,00.
D. 31,10.
Cu 13: Gi tr ca y l
A. 17,86.
B. 18,05.
C. 26,50.
D. 27,65.
Cu 14: Gi tr ca V1 v V2 ln lt l
A. 0,2 v 0,1.
B. 0,4 v 0,2.
C. 0,2 v 2.
D. 0,4 v 2.
Dng cho cu 15, 16: Hn hp A gm 3 kim loi X, Y, Z c t l mol tng ng l 1: 2: 3 v t
l khi lng nguyn t tng ng l 10: 11: 23. Cho 24,582 gam A tc dng vi 500ml dung
dch NaOH 1M thu c dung dch B v hn hp cht rn C. Mt khc, khi cho lng kim loi
X bng lng X c trong A tc dng vi dung dch HCl d thu c 2,24 lt H2(ktc). Cho t t V
lt dung dch HCl 1M vo B n khi thu c dung dch trong sut tr li.
Cu 15: Kim loi Z l:

A. Mg.
B. Al.
C. Zn.
D. Fe.
Cu 16: Gi tr ti thiu ca V l
A. 0,8.
B. 0,9.
C. 1,1.
D. 1,2.
Dng cho cu 17, 18, 19: Ho tan hon ton 32 gam hn hp X gm Fe 2O3 v CuO vo 1,1
lt dung dch HCl 1M thu c dung dch A. Cho x gam Al vo dung dch A n khi phn
ng hon ton thu c 1,12 lt kh (ktc); dung dch B v y gam hn hp cht rn C.
Cho B tc dng vi NaOH d thu c 9 gam kt ta.
Cu 17: Khi lng Fe2O3 trong X l
A. 4 gam.
B. 8 gam.
C. 16 gam.
D. 24 gam.
Cu 18: Gi tr ca x l
A. 5,4.
B. 8,1.
C. 10,8.
D. 13,5.
Cu 19: Gi tr ca y l
A. 12,8.
B. 16,4.
C. 18,4.
D. 18,2.
Dng cho cu 20,21: Chia 2,290 gam hn hp Mg, Al, Zn thnh 2 phn bng nhau. Phn 1
ho tan hon ton trong dung dch HCl va thu c 1,456 lt H2 (ktc) v to ra x
gam mui. Phn 2 cho tc dng vi O2 d, thu c y gam 3 oxit.
Cu 20: Gi tr ca x l
A. 6,905.
B. 6,890.
C. 5,890.
D. 5,760.
Cu 21: Gi tr ca y l
A. 2,185.
B. 3,225.
C. 4,213.
D. 5,672.
Dng cho cu 22, 23, 24: Hn hp E1 gm Fe v kim loi R c ha tr khng i. Trn
u v chia 22,59 gam hn hp E1 thnh 3 phn bng nhau. Ho tan ht phn 1 bng
dung dch HCl thu c 3,696 lt H2 (ktc). Phn 2 tc dng hon ton vi dung dch HNO3
long thu c 3,36 lt NO duy nht (ktc). Cho phn 3 vo 100 ml dung dch Cu(NO 3)2,
lc k Cu(NO3)2 phn ng ht thu c cht rn E2 c khi lng 9,76 gam.
Cu 22: Kim loi R l
A. Mg.
B. Al.
C. Zn.
D. Na.
Cu 23: Phn trm khi lng ca Fe trong E1 l
A. 89,24%.
B. 77,69%.
C. 22,31%.
D.
10,76%.
Cu 24: Nng ca dung dch Cu(NO3)2 dng l
A. 0,3.
B. 0,45.
C. 0,65.
D. 0,9.
Cu 25: Chia m gam hn hp 2 kim loi X v Y c ho tr khng i thnh 2 phn bng
nhau. Phn 1 ho tan ht trong dung dch H2SO4 long thu c 1,792 kt kh H2 (ktc).
Phn 2 nung trong oxi n khi lng khng i thu c 2,84 gam hn hp oxit. Gi tr
ca m l
A. 1,56.
B. 2,20.
C. 3,12.
D. 4,40.
Cu 26: Ho tan hon ton 1,78 gam hn hp 3 kim loi trong dung dch H2SO4 long thu
c 0,896 lt kh H2 (ktc) v dung dch cha m gam mui. Gi tr ca m l
A. 5,62.
B. 3,70.
C. 5,70.
D. 6,52.
Cu 27: A l hn hp 2 kim loi kim X v Y thuc 2 chu k k tip. Nu cho A tc dng
va vi dung dch HCl th thu c a gam 2 mui, cn nu cho A tc dng va vi
dung dch H2SO4 th thu c 1,1807a gam 2 mui. X v Y l
A. Li v Na.
B. Na v K.
C. K v Rb.
D. Rb v Cs.
Cu 28: Cho 11,0 gam hn hp Al v Fe tc dng ht vi dung dch HCl thu c 8,96 lt
H2 (ktc). Phn trm khi lng ca Fe trong hn hp l
A. 49,09%.
B. 50,91%.
C. 40,91%.
D. 59,09%.