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Country Report – Bangladesh (Bangladesh


Meteorological Department)
Murad Ahmed *

Abstract
This country report on Bangladesh has been prepared to fulfill the
requirement of the training organized by Korea International Cooperation
Agency (KOICA) on Information and Communication Technology for
Meteorological Services to be held in Korea from April 02 – 29, 2006. In
this report some brief description of current status of the Information and
Communication Technology including Telecommunication network used in
Bangladesh Meteorological Department will be presented. Here, needs of
training for the improvement of our services especially in the field of ICT
will be emphasized.

History of Bangladesh Meteorological Department


Bangladesh Meteorological Department was established in December 16, 1971, the
day we got independence from Pakistan. Bangladesh Meteorological Department is
the authorized Government organization for all meteorological activities in the
country. It maintains a network of surface and upper air observatories, radar and
satellite stations, agro- meteorological observatories, geomagnetic and seismological
observatories and meteorological telecommunication system. The Department has its
Headquarters in Dhaka with two regional centres i.e. Storm Warning Centre (SWC),
Dhaka and Meteorological & Geo-Physical Centre (M & GC), Chittagong.

Services of Bangladesh Meteorological Department


v To observe different meteorological parameters both for surface and upper air
all over Bangladesh round the clock.
v To prepare and analyse all weather charts and to make interpretation on the
basis of analyses.
v To provide weather forecasts for public, farmers, mariners and aviators on
routine basis and also to issue warnings for severe weather phenomena such as
tropical cyclones, tornadoes, nor’westers, heavy rainfall, etc.
v Earthquake monitoring, dissemination of related information including
Tsunami Warning to the Government and to the public for disaster
preparedness and mitigation in the country.
v To maintain surveillance of weather radars for probing impending tropical
cyclones, nor’westers and tornadoes.
v To provide weather forecasts for public, farmers, mariners and aviators on
routine basis and also to issue warnings for severe weather phenomena such as
tropical cyclones, tornadoes, nor’westers, heavy rainfall, etc.

* Assistant Communication Engineer 1


Bangladesh Meteorological Department
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v Earthquake monitoring, dissemination of related information including


Tsunami Warning to the Government and to the public for disaster
preparedness and mitigation1in the country.
v To maintain surveillance of weather radars for probing impending tropical
cyclones, nor’westers and tornadoes.

Meteorological data Communication System

Purpose:
1. National Forecast
2. Aviation forecast

Different Types of Data :


1. Real- time Meteorological Data RX/TX
2. Agro. Met, Seismic data
3. Image( Satellite , Radar )
4. Bulletin, Forecast, Warning
5. Administrative message/ service message to WMO Member countries

Data Type
1. Local Data
2. International data

Category:
• Synop data (WMO Format ) :3 hourly
• Pilot Data (WMO Format ) :6 hourly
• Temps data (WMO ) Format :12 hourly
• Radar data :3 hourly
• Aviation data/warning : hourly or may vary
• Agro. Met
• Bulletin/ Warning as per needed : As required

Total Observatories in Bangladesh


• Total Observatory in BMD : 35
• GTS Station : 10
• Non GTS Station : 25
• Pilot Baloon Observatory : 10
• Temps Station : 3
• Agro. Met Station : 13
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Different way for Electronic Communication


• Radio Link
• Telegraphic line
• Hot line phone/fax
• Telephone line
• Fax
• Weather facsimili receiver (obsolete)
• RTT ( Obsolete)
• Satellite data link

Local data Collection/Transmit


1. Wireless System ( HF transceiver)
2. Teleprinter ( Telegraphic system)
3. Microwave link within Metropolitan Area
4. VSAT Link
• Dhaka- Rangpur
• Dhaka-Cox’s Bazar (Upcoming Project)
• Dhaka- Khepupara (Upcoming Project)
5. Dedicated Phone/Fax line

Teleprinter Network

Bogra Ishurdi Sylhet Chittagong BAF


ZIA

Cox’s Bazar

NMCC Dhaka

Radio FFWC Navy

Legend:
NMCC: National Meteorological Communication Centre
ZIA: Zia International Airport
BAF: Bangladesh Air Force
FFWC: Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre
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International Data Exchange


1. GTS Link
• Satellite data link (Dedicated)
• Analogue line (leased from BTTB)
• Speed 2.4 kbps (2 way)
• Protocol X.25
2. SADIS System
• Aviation warning and forecast charts received
3. Satellite receiving System(NOAA, GMS)

Local data Network

Teleprinter

Wireless
NMCC Phone/Fax

Data accumulated
and punched

MAC Send to service provider


Meteorological Application Centre
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CMSS Connection Diagram

BAF

Chittagong
ZIA
Printer

50 Baud
Teleprinter

50 Baud
2.4 kbps
New Delhi (Data )
ZIA
(PRT)
Satelite Link leases from
BTTB

Telegraphic
Adapter
PRT
LAN CMSS Printer
(50 Baud)

DMP

BTV

Legend
CMSS: Computer Message Switching System
DMP: Dhaka Metropolitan
BTV: Bangladesh Television

Communication Server Description

• Operating System HP UNIX 4.0


• Software CMSS (Computerized Message
Switching System)
• Receives Unicode data and decode it to WMO format.
• Switching operation to some local interfaces
• Error detection in WMO format
• Store 5 day data and then automatically erase the old data
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Ethernet

Ethernet

BMD
SWC

WDP1 WDP2 CCU1 CCU Server for


Primary Secondary Communicatio 2 Radar
Server Server n Control image
Unit
Local Printer Local Telegraphic Cyclone Data Data
Host Host adapter Warnin Management
Processo Analysis
Processo
Processo
g r r
r
ZIA Teleprinter BAF Chittagon
Teleprinter Teleprinter
g
Machine Machine

Wireless LAN (WLAN)

Fig: Point to Point Radio Link

BMD
Headquarter

ZIA Prime Minister's Office BTV FFWC


Airport Monitoring cell Control room

Network in different media


Optical Fiber

Antenna
Micro wave

Ethernet product Media Converter Router Multiplexerx


(Cable to Optical media) Path Selector Demultiplexer

Radar Image BMD Web page BTV Product

Satellite Image Different warning SADIS Product Real time


bulletins Meteorological data
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Bangladesh Meteorological Department’s Network

Need for Future Development

1. We now use Dhaka – New Delhi GTS link having speed of 2.4 Kbps. This speed is
sufficient for today but not for tomorrow when huge sized multimedia and animated
meteorological information would be regular practice. So, WMO has advised to
increase the speed to 64 Kbps and WMO also is looking for foreign donor to
undertake this huge task. The requirements of this are:
• Server
• Modem
• Router
• TCP/IP protocol
• Necessary operating system and
• Specialized software

But our manpower is not trained enough to adapt to the new technology. So we need
foreign training and expertise to train our manpower. KOICA would be a great help
for us regarding the matter.

2. Bangladesh Government has decided to implement E-Governess in all the country.


In this circumstance, Bangladesh Meteorological Department would need to
implement computer network in entire organization. It is a huge task for us and we
need foreign as well as local expertise to design and implement this network.
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3. The High Frequency (HF) Transceiver we use in our 35 observatories is not


suitable enough to collect data because of Noise, Interference (cellular phone, radio
linked internet etc) and ground clutter causes weak signal and interruption of the data
reception/sending problem. We have plan to replace this with GPRS (General Packet
Radio Services) technology. We need training and develop our man power to adapt
this new technology.

Acknowledgement

I am greatly indebt to Mrs. Parveen Sultana, Communication Engineer, NMCC,


Bangladesh Meteorological Department to provide me much needed information and
cooperation to prepare this country report in such a limited time.
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Country Report – Bangladesh


(Bangladesh Meteorological Department)

Submitted to
Korea International Cooperation Agency
(KOICA)

For the Training on


Information and Communication Technology
for Meteorological Services
to be held on
April 02 – 29, 2006
Korea

Submitted by

Murad Ahmed
Assistant Communication Engineer
Communication Division
Bangladesh Meteorological Department

Korea International Cooperation Agency


March 30, 2006