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GE Energy

GENERATOR PRODUCTS

The Power of Technology, Experience and Innovation


The world demands a reliable supply of clean, dependable power. GE offers a wide array of technological options to meet the most challenging energy requirements. Using an integrated approach that includes parts, service, repair and project management, we deliver results that contribute to our customers success. And our reputation for excellence can be seen in everything we do.

GE ENERGY GENERATOR PRODUCTS

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Generator Technology Air-Cooled Generators Hydrogen-Cooled Generators Water-Cooled Generators Control and Excitation Systems Generator Reliability Reference Guide Product Overview

Generator Technology
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G E N E R ATO R T E C H N O LO GY

World-Class Technology for the Widest Range of Applications


With more than 14,000 generators shipped and over 100 years of experience, GE Energy is a world leader in generator technology. Whether the application calls for powering a city on the Pacific Rim, a water desalination plant in the Middle East or an industrial cogeneration facility in Europe, GE can deliver. Power generation professionals around the globe have come to rely on GE generators for their high efficiency and exceptional reliabilityas well as quick, simple installation and minimal maintenance coststo ultimately provide a lower cost of producing electricity. GE generators may be driven by steam, heavy-duty gas, or aeroderivative gas turbines and are matched to the turbine to create an optimum system. World-class generator engineers and scientists from GE Energy, GE Global Research and GE Transportation combine their extensive experience with state-of-the-art analytical tools, Six Sigma methodology and advanced material development to deliver evolutionary and revolutionary designs. Our extensive customer experience is a key element in shaping the technology, products and services that we deliver. Our customers count on us to provide generators that contribute to their profitability and success. GE takes a customer-centric approach, working with customers to identify the factors that impact their operating results. We incorporate these inputs into all aspects of the generator product life cycle including design, installation, operation, aftermarket services and product upgrades. We are committed to our customers success.
PSP30176-02-36 RDC27834-34

KOWEPCOs Seoinchon and KOSPOs Shininchon combined cycle power plants in Korea produce a total of 4,000 MW of electricity.

Six GE 7FH2 generators with a total capacity of 1200 MW are readied for customer shipment.

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G E N R ATO R T E C H N O LO GY

GE engineers combine advanced analytical tools with Six Sigma process quality during generator design.

PSP30390-24

Air-Cooled Generators
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A I R - CO O L E D G E N E R ATO R S

Simplicity and Flexibility


GEs air-cooled generators are an ideal choice for power system applications that demand simplicity and flexibility of operation. Air-cooled generators operate with either an open-loop or a closed-loop cooling system. Under the open-loop system, the generator draws air from the atmosphere to cool its active components, then it exhausts the air back into the atmosphere. Under the closed-loop system, cooling air is recirculated continuously through the generator while air-to-water heat exchangers remove heat from the air.
PSP30385-06-02, PSP30439-02 RDC26940

A GE air-cooled generator driven by a GE frame 6B gas turbine produces reliable power at Electroandinas plant in Tocopilla, Chile.

Typical Product Characteristics


Series
5A4

Voltage (kV)
11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5-15.75 13.8 13.8 13.8 13.8 13.8

Output (MVA)
35 50 60 105 190 35 50 65 115 145

Excitation
Brushless Static

Static Start

50 Hz

6A6 6A8 7A6 9A4 5A4

60 Hz

6A6 6A8 7A6 9A4

During operation, an air-cooled generator can be load cycled freely, and it is well suited to peaking duty. Because of the absence of a pressurized atmosphere within the generator, its structural components are simple and easy to handle, which facilitates routine maintenance. The potential for severe corona discharge damage is a challenge to the design of air-cooled generators. GE uses well-proven systems of insulating and voltage-grading materials to ensure freedom from damaging corona activity. GE air-cooled generators are fully assembled before they are shipped, limiting on-site assembly to placement on the foundation, alignment with the turbine and connection to balance of plant equipment. The resulting reduction in construction time represents a direct cost saving to the customer.
Here, Micapal insulation is being applied to an indirect cooled armature bar.
PSP30385-11-7

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A I R - CO O L E D G E N E R ATO R S

RD

C2

62

29

-0

2-

11

Stator for a GE 7A6 air-cooled generator.

Hydrogen-Cooled Generators
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H Y D R O G E N - CO O L E D G E N E R ATO R S

Highly Efficient and Reliable


Hydrogens three outstanding properties, low density, high specific heat, and thermal conductivity, make it a superior coolant for rotating electrical machines. Hydrogen lends itself to a compact, highly efficient, reliable design. Hydrogen gas is circulated in a closed loop within the generator to remove heat from its active parts, then it is cooled by gas-to-water heat exchangers that are part of the stator frame. The frame is tightly sealed to prevent gas leakage, and oil seals are installed on the shaft at each end of the stator to prevent leakage as the shaft emerges from the stator frame. The hydrogen-cooled generators interior is completely sealed from the atmosphere, so dust, humidity, salt or chemicals have
PSP30385-06-02

no effect on the machine. The absence of oxygen in its cooling gas means the generators high-voltage insulation system will not be damaged by any corona activity in the generators stator windings. This is a significant factor in the machines reliability.
PSP30385-06-02, PSP30439-04

GE offers generator designs suitable for base mount or pedestal mount applications.

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H Y D R O G E N - CO O L E D G E N E R ATO R S

The Sarlux Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Plant in Sarroch, Sardinia utilizes GE hydrogen-cooled generators in STAG 109E single shaft configuration.

PSP30120

Velocity vectors colored by magnitude.

Typical Product Characteristics


GEs advances in analytical
Series
7FH2 324 330H 390H 450H 7FH2 324 390H

Voltage (kV)
15 15.75 17 19 19 18 18 22

Output (MVA)
240 360 410 470 530 270 420 480

Static Excitation

Static Start

physics-based modeling, including computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and extensive finite element analysis, lead to robust designs and effective use of materials. By combining design analysis with comprehensive machine testing programs, we prove machine performance and provide physical validation of the high-fidelity engineering tools used in contemporary generator design.

60 Hz

50 Hz

Water-Cooled Generators
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WAT E R - CO O L E D G E N E R ATO R S

GE water-cooled generators are exceptionally well suited to central station applications where output requirements exceed the cooling capabilities of air-cooled or hydrogen-cooled designs. Cool, deionized water, supplied by a closed-loop auxiliary system, flows through hollow copper strands located in the stator winding, then the warm water is discharged at the turbine end of the generator. The GE water-cooled generators performance is heightened by optimization of its bar strand configuration, including hollow-to-solid-strand ratio. Enhancements in stator bar insulation construction and chemistry provide further improvements in the design of new and refurbished liquid-cooled stator windings. Because high-output machines are so important to the overall stability of the grid, reliability is a primary
PSP30385-04-05, PSP30554

requirement for water-cooled generators. GE continues to improve their performance while maintaining their high reliability. Stator frames are designed for low vibration using advanced finite element analysis. Fan efficiency is improved to reduce losses and increase output. Thermal fluid-flow techniques are used to improve the overall performance of the field winding. GE continues to develop the technology to meet our customers demand for reliable, efficient, cost-effective machines.

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WAT E R - CO O L E D G E N E R ATO R S

A GE water-cooled generator is driven by a GE G-Series steam turbine at the Dezhou Phase III Plant in China.
RDC26229-02-11, PSP30439-01

Typical Product Characteristics


Number of Poles Voltage Range (kV) Output Range (MVA) Static Excitation Static Start

PSP30383-04

The generator design process incorporates the use of smart 3D parametric model assemblies that embed all of the applicable engineering design rules. A common model can be used to perform multidisciplinary analyses ranging from structural to ventilation to heat transfer. Upon completion of the analyses, manufacturing drawings are automatically created, resulting in improved design cycle and higher overall product quality.

60 Hz 50 Hz

2 4 2 4

20 - 23 20 - 27 20 - 28 20 - 26

400 - 1050 500 - 1540 400 - 1120 450 - 1600

Control and Excitation Systems


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CO N T R O L A N D E XC I TAT I O N S Y S T E M S

A power system requires a control system that integrates component functions to maximize overall performance and availability. GEs latest generation of fully integrated control systems provide our customers with the ability to operate a power plant on a single platform, which leads to complete system ownership.

GEs continually evolutionary designs create the flexibility to meet all our customers engineering and maintenance needs. Our control systems extend increased productivity to our customers by furnishing a common operator interface, tools that improve efficiency and require fewer operators, peerto-peer communication link controllers for coordinated plant operation, simplified plant data acquisition and performance evaluation, less spare parts, reduced training costs and minimized forced outages.

GEs turbine control products cover steam, gas and aeroderivative applications to give our customers the control, efficiency and availability theyve come to expect from a GE product.

PSP30553

Generator Reliability
A Full Scope of Services to Meet Your Operational Needs
The changing demands of the highly competitive power generation business present a constant challenge to generator operators. GE, a leader in generator technology, has the knowledge, resources and experience to help our customers keep their generators in top condition to meet todaysand tomorrowschallenges. GEs Generator Reliability Program offers proactive fleet monitoring and diagnostics to help prevent problems, which, in turn, will minimize total cost of ownership. The program will help improve fleet reliability and availability, cut future maintenance and repair costs, and extend inspection intervals. Incorporating an entire generator fleet into the program allows a full scope of services to meet operational needs. Under the program, a team of specialists will evaluate a generator fleet and assess its requirements. They will develop a customized, fleetwide maintenance plan designed to reduce operating costs and increase fleet availability. GEs Generator Reliability Program presents a full scope of services to meet our customers operational needs.
PSP30028

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G E N E R ATO R R E L I A B I L I T Y

PSP30127-04-12

Reference Guide Product Overview


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REFERENCE GUIDE PRODUCT OVERVIEW

Generator Applications for Combined Cycle Steam Turbines


STAG Configuration Frequency (Hz) Generator Series
50 50 60 50 50 50 60 50/60 50/60 60 50 50 60 60 50/60 50/60 50/60 324 330H 7FH2H/324 7FH2 9A4 9A4 7A6/9A4 6A6 7A6 9A4 7A6 9A4 6A8 7A6 6A6 9A4 6A8

Generator Applications for Gas Turbine Drive


GT Model Frequency (Hz) Generator Series
50 50 60 60 50 60 50/60 50/60 50/60 50/60 330H 324 7FH2 7FH2 9A4 7A6 7A6 6A8 6A8 6A6

HydrogenCooled

S209FA S209FB S207FA S207FB S109FB S109FA S107FA S106FA S206FA S107FB S109E S209E S107EA S207EA S206B S406B S206C

Air-Cooled

9FB GT 9FA GT 7FB GT 7FA GT 9E GT 7EA GT 6FA GT LM6000 GT 6C GT 6B GT

Air-Cooled

HydrogenCooled

Full range of generators available for steam turbine drive.

Generator Output Range for Various Cooling Media


Cover Photo: RDC26229-02-11, Inside Cover Photos: PSP30436-03-06, PSP30385-04-05. Designed by GE Energys Creative Services team.

Air-Cooled Hydrogen-Cooled Water-Cooled

Generator Applications for Single Shaft Combined Cycle Systems


STAG Configuration
S109FA S107FA S106FA S109FB S107FB

Frequency (Hz) Generator Series


50 60 50/60 50 60 390H 324 9A4 450H 324

100

200

300

400

500

1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600

Generator Output Range (MVA)

GE Value
GE is a leading global supplier of power generation technology, energy services and management systems, with an installed base of power generation equipment in more than 120 countries. GE Energy provides innovative, technology-based products and service solutions across the full spectrum of the energy industry.

Industries Served:

Commercial and industrial power generation Distributed power Energy management Oil & Gas Petrochemical Gas compression Commercial marine power Energy rentals

Our people, products and services provide enhanced performance, competitive life cycle costs and continuous technological innovation with unmatched experience. Our Customer-Centric

approach, combined with Six Sigma quality methodology, assures that customer needs

are defined up front and that performance against customer expectations is measured and

managed every step of the way.

GE Energy
4200 Wildwood Parkway Atlanta, GA 30339 P: 678.844.6000
gepower.com
GEA 13489A (05/05)