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Magnet Contours

Jonathan Frederick, Michael Snyder,


Yiting Hsieh, Chrysostomos
Chrysostomou, Zach Harris
Overview
• Motivation- Investigating the optical effects
of a Ferrofluid Hele-Shaw Cell
• Methodology- Two cameras were used to
take simultaneous pictures
• Conclusions to be Reached- If a Ferrofluid
Hele-Shaw Cell maps contour lines?
What is a Ferrocolloidal Fluid?
• “A magnetic Ferrofluid
consists of a stable
colloidal dispersion of
sub-domain magnetic
particles in a liquid”
(Rosensweig).
•The magnetic sub-
domains are non-
homogeneous in size and
shape. The optimum size
for magnetic effect is
approximately 5 nm.
Diagram of the Sub-domain

These particles are


suspended in a
solvent such as water,
Oleic acid,
Perfluoropolyether
acid, Polyphosphoric
acid derivative, or
Polymeric amine.
Apparatus
Procedure
• MatLab programs were used to dark frame
calibrate, crop, resize, drop the green and Red
layers, flip, mask, and draw grid lines
• MatLab was used to assemble the results into
one photo per photo pair showing the front and
back of the lens liquid layer.
• MatLab was used to compute a cube matrix with
1/R dipole potential values and then the contour
command to view different planes.
MatLab Code for Magnetic
Equipotential Lines
• %simple Code to populate a cube matrix with 1/r values for a dipole.
• x1=103;
• y1=100;
• z1=100;
x2=97;
• y2=100;
• z2=100;
• for x=1:200
• for y=1:200
• for z=1:200
• cube(x,y,z)=((x-x1)^2 + (y-y1)^2 + (z-z1)^2)^(-.5)-((x-x2)^2 + (y-y2)^2 +(z-z2)^2 )^-.5;

• end
end
• end
• figure;
• hold on
• axis equal;
• axis([75 125 75 125 75 125]);
• contour(cube(:,:,70),40);
• hold off;
Procedure
Front and Back of Lens
Contour due to a Disc Magnet
Contour due to a Disc Magnet
Contour due to a Disc Magnet
The Problems We Arrived At
• The lack of time prevented us from
correlating the contour to mathematical
models.
• Another problem we encountered was that
our references were at graduate level.
• At this time, we are the only group
worldwide that is attempting this research
to our knowledge.
Conclusions
• In strong magnetic fields, light appears to
follow equipotential lines while traveling
through a thin confined layer of Ferrofluid.

• We believe we have taken some of the


best detailed photographs of magnetic
contour lines.
References
• Sadiku, Matthew N.O. Elements of
Electromagnetics. 3rd ed. Oxford
University Press Inc. New York, NY, USA
(2001).
• Rosensweig, R.E. Ferrohydrodynamics.
Dover Publications, Inc. Mineola, NY, USA
(1997).
Questions?
• We have taken some of the most detailed
pictures of the magnetic field (we’ve taken
the best darn pictures ever in the history of
mankind) (beat that Newton). (you too
Faraday)

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