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k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 1

C8lMlnAL 8CCLuu8L 2
nu
LxAM (8uLL 112116 126)
8uLL 112
SLC1lCn 1 8LLlMlnA8? lnvLS1lCA1lCn uLllnLu
8LLlMlnA8? lnvLS1lCA1lCn an lnvesLlgaLlon or proceedlng Lo
deLermlne wheLher Lhere ls sufflclenL ground Lo engender a well
founded bellef LhaL
1) A crlme has been commlLLed and
2) 1he respondenL ls probably gullLy Lhereof
WPLn lS l 8LCul8Lu 1C 8L CCnuuC1Lu?
1) 8efore Lhe flllng of a complalnL of lnformaLlon ln courL
2) lor an offense where Lhe penalLy prescrlbed by law ls aL
leasL 4 years 2 monLhs and 1 day wlLhouL regard of Lhe
flne
SLC1lCn 2 ClllCL8S Au1PC8lZLu 1C CCnuuC1 l
WPC MA? CCnuuC1 l
1) rovlnclal or clLy prosecuLors and Lhelr asslsLanLs
2) naLlonal and reglonal sLaLe prosecuLors
3) CLher offlcers as may be auLhorlzed by law
Lx1Ln1 Cl 1PLl8 Au1PC8l1? 1C CCnuuC1 l
1) lL shall exLend Lo all crlmes cognlzable by Lhe proper courL
ln Lhelr respecLlve LerrlLorlal [urlsdlcLlon
SLC1lCn 3 8CCLuu8L
8CCLuu8L AS 1C 1PL CCMLAlnAn1
1) Pe shall flle Lhe complalnL wlLh Lhe offlce of Lhe
prosecuLor
2) 1he complalnL shall sLaLe Lhe
O Address of Lhe respondenL
O Accompanled by affldavlLs (subscrlbed
sworn Lo and cerLlfled) of Lhe complalnanL
and hl wlLnesses and oLher supporLlng
evldences
3) number of coples for Lhe complalnL
O As many as Lhere are respondenLs
O 1wo coples for Lhe offlclal flle
8CCLuu8L AS 1C 1PL lnvLS1lCA1lnC ClllCL8
1) Pe has Len days afLer flllng Lhe complalnL Lo
O ulSMlSS l1 lf he flnds no ground Lo
conLlnue wlLh Lhe lnvesLlgaLlon
O lssue a subpoena Lo Lhe respondenL
aLLachlng Lo Lhe subpoena a copy of Lhe
complalnL and lLs supporLlng affldavlLs and
documenLs
2) Pe shall resolve Lhe complalnL based on Lhe evldence
presenLed by Lhe complalnanL lf Lhe respondenL
O CannoL be subpoenaed
O ls subpoenaed buL does noL submlL
counLeraffldavlLs wlLhln Lhe 10 day perlod
3) Pe may seL a hearlng lf Lhere are oLher facLs and lssues Lo
be clarlfled from a parLy or a wlLness

1PL A81lLS
O Can be presenL aL Lhe hearlng
O Pave no rlghL Lo examlne or crossexamlne buL
O May submlL Lo Lhe lnvesLlgaLlng offlcer quesLlons
whlch may be asked Lo Lhe parLy or wlLnesses
concerned
1PL PLA8lnC SPALL 8L
O Peld wlLhln 10 days from Lhe submlsslon of Lhe
counLeraffldavlL and oLher documenLs or from Lhe
explraLlon of Lhe perlod for Lhelr submlsslon
O 1ermlnaLed wlLhln 3 days
4) WlLhln 10 days afLer Lhe lnvesLlgaLlon he shall deLermlne
wheLher or noL Lhere ls sufflclenL ground Lo hold Lhe
respondenL for Lrlal
8CCLuu8L AS 1C 1PL 8LSCnuLn1
1) WlLh respecL Lo Lhe documenLary evldence submlLLed by
Lhe complalnanL he shall have Lhe rlghL Lo
O Lxamlne Lhe evldence whlch he may noL have been
furnlshed
O 1o copy Lhem aL hls expense
O 1o requlre Lhe complalnanL Lo speclfy Lhose whlch he
lnLends Lo presenL agalnsL Lhe respondenL lf Lhe
evldence ls volumlnous
2) WlLh respecL Lo Lhe ob[ecL of Lhe evldence
O 1hey need noL be furnlshed Lo Lhe respondenL buL
Lhey shall be made avallable for examlnaLlon
copylng or phoLographlng aL hls expense
3) WlLhln 10 days from Lhe recelpL of Lhe subpoena wlLh Lhe
complalnL and supporLlng affldavlLs and documenLs he
shall submlL
O CounLeraffldavlLs of hlmself and LhaL of hls wlLnesses
and oLher supporLlng documenLs relled upon for hls
defense
4) Pe shall noL be allowed Lo flle a moLlon Lo dlsmlss ln lleu of
a counLeraffldavlL
SLC1lCn 4 8LSCLu1lCn Cl 1PL lnvLS1lCA1lnC 8CSLCu1C8
1) lf Lhe lnvesLlgaLlng prosecuLor flnds cause Lo hold Lhe
respondenL for Lrlal
a) Pe shall prepare Lhe resoluLlon and Lhe lnformaLlon
b) Pe shall cerLlfy under oaLh ln Lhe lnformaLlon LhaL
O Pe or has shown by Lhe record an unauLhorlzed
offlcer has personally examlned Lhe complalnanL and
hls wlLnesses
O 1here ls reasonable ground Lo belleve LhaL a crlme
has been commlLLed and LhaL Lhe accused ls probably
gullLy Lhereof
O 1he accused was lnformed of Lhe complalnL and Lhe
evldence agalnsL hlm
O 1he accused was glven an opporLunlLy Lo submlL
conLroverLlng evldence
c) Pe shall forward Lhe record of Lhe case wlLhln 3 days
from hls resoluLlon Lo hls superlors who may elLher
be

k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 2
O rovlnclal or sLaLe prosecuLor
O Chlef sLaLe prosecuLor
O Cmbudsman or hls depuLy ln cases of offenses
cognlzable by Lhe S8 ln Lhe exerclse of lLs orlglnal
[urlsdlcLlon
2) lf Lhe lnvesLlgaLlng prosecuLor flnds no cause Lo hold Lhe
respondenL for Lrlal
O Pe shall recommend Lhe dlsmlssal of Lhe complalnL
and
O Pe shall forward Lhe record of Lhe case wlLhln 3 days
from hls resoluLlon Lo hls superlors
8LvlLW Cl 1PL 8LSCLu1lCn Cl 1PL lnvLS1lCA1lnC 8CSLCu1C8
1) no complalnL or lnformaLlon may be flled or dlsmlssed by
an lnvesLlgaLlng prosecuLor wlLhouL Lhe prlor wrlLLen
auLhorlLy or approval of Lhe
O rovlnclal or clLy prosecuLor
O Chlef sLaLe prosecuLor
O 1he ombudsman or hls depuLy
2) uuLy of Lhe superlor revlewlng Lhe resoluLlon
a) Pe shall acL on Lhe resoluLlon wlLhln 10 days from
recelpL Lhereof by elLher
O Approvlng lL
O ulsapprovlng lL
b) Pe shall lmmedlaLely lnform Lhe parLles of such acLlon
A8CvAL C8 ulSA8CvAL Cl 8LCCMMLnuA1lCn MAuL 8? 1PL
lnvLS1lCA1lnC 8CSLCu1C8
1) lf Lhe recommendaLlon for ulSMlSSAL ls ulSA8CvLu by
Lhe superlor on Lhe ground LhaL probable cause exlsLs
O 1he superlor may by hlmself flle Lhe lnformaLlon
agalnsL Lhe respondenL or dlrecL anoLher asslsLanL
prosecuLor or sLaLe prosecuLor Lo do so
O 1here ls no need for conducLlng anoLher rellmlnary
lnvesLlgaLlon
2) 1he secreLary of [usLlce may reverse or modlfy Lhe
resoluLlon of Lhe superlor of Lhe lnvesLlgaLlng prosecuLor
O upon peLlLlon by a proper parLy under such rules Lhe
uC! may prescrlbe or
O MoLu proplo
3) WhaL Lhe secreLary of [usLlce may do when he reserves or
modlfles sald resoluLlonhe may dlrecL Lhe prosecuLor
concerned wlLher Lo
O llle Lhe correspondlng lnformaLlon wlLhouL
conducLlng anoLher prellmlnary lnvesLlgaLlon
O ulsmlss or move for dlsmlssal of Lhe complalnL of
lnformaLlon wlLh noLlce Lo Lhe parLles
SLC1lCn 3 WPLn WA88An1 Cl A88LS1 MA? lSSuL
8CCLuu8L 1C 8L lCLLCWLu 8? An 81C C8 M1C !uuCL WPLn
8LLlMlnA8? lnvLS1lCA1lCn lS 8LCul8Lu
1) Pe shall personally evaluaLe Lhe resoluLlon of Lhe
prosecuLor and lLs supporLlng evldence
O 1hls musL be done wlLhln 10 days from Lhe flllng of
Lhe complalnL or lnformaLlon
2) SLep Lo be Laken afLer personal evaluaLlon
O lf Lhe evldence on record clearly falls Lo esLabllsh
probable cause lmmedlaLely dlsmlss Lhe case
O lf he flnd probable cause he shall lssue elLher
a) WarranL of arresL
b) CommlLmenL order when Lhe complalnL of
lnformaLlon was flled pursuanL Lo a lawful
warranLless arresL under SecLlon 6
3) WhaL Lhe [udge may do ln case of doubL
O Pe may order Lhe prosecuLor Lo presenL addlLlonal
evldence wlLhln 3 days from noLlce
4) erlod for resoluLlon
O 1he lssue musL be resolved by Lhe courL wlLhln 30
days from Lhe flllng of Lhe complalnL of lnformaLlon
WPLn M1C !uuCL nLLu nC1 lSSuL A WA88An1 Cl A88LS1
1) When Lhe complalnL of lnformaLlon was flled pursuanL Lo a
lawful warranLless arresL
2) When Lhe accused ls charged for an offense punlshable by
flne only
3) When Lhe case ls covered by Lhe rules on summary
procedure
SLC1lCn 6 WPLn ACCuSLu WAS LAWluLL? A88LS1Lu Wl1PCu1
WA88An1
1) When SecLlon 6 ls appllcable
O When Lhe person ls lawfully arresLed wlLhouL a
warranL and
O 1he arresL lnvolves an offense whlch requlres a l
2) When a complalnL of lnformaLlon may be flled wlLhouL
need of Lhe requlred prellmlnary lnvesLlgaLlon
O When an lnCuLS1 lnvLS1lCA1lCn has been
conducLed ln accordance wlLh exlsLlng rules
3) lnCuLS1 lnvLS1lCA1lCn
O An lnvesLlgaLlon based only on Lhe affldavlL of Lhe
offended parLy Lhe pollce and some wlLnesses
4) Who shall flle Lhe complalnL or lnformaLlon agalnsL sald
person lawfully arresLed wlLhouL a warranL
O CLnL8AL 8uLL Lhe (lnquesL) prosecuLor
O LxCL1lCnS ln Lhe absence or unavallablllLy of Lhe
lnquesL prosecuLor Lhe followlng may flle Lhe
complalnL dlrecLly wlLh Lhe proper courL on Lhe basls
of Lhe affldavlL of Lhe offended parLy or arresLlng
offlcer or person
1) Cffended parLy
2) eace offlcer
LllLC1S WPLn L8SCn LAWluLL? A88LS1Lu Wl1PCu1 A
WA88An1 ASkS lC8 8LLlMlnA8? lnvLS1lCA1lCn
1) 8efore Lhe complalnL of lnformaLlon ls flled
O Pe musL slgn a walver of Lhe provlslon under arL 123
of Lhe 8C ln Lhe presence of hls counsel
O uesplLe Lhe walver he may apply for ball
O 1he prellmlnary lnvesLlgaLlon musL be LermlnaLed
wlLhln 13 days from lLs lncepLlon
2) AfLer Lhe complalnL of lnformaLlon ls flled
O Pe may ask for a prellmlnary lnvesLlgaLlon wlLhln 3
days (non exLendlble) afLer learnlng LhaL Lhe
complalnL has been flled oLherwlse hls rlghL Lo l ls
deemed walved
O Pe has Lhe rlghL Lo adduce evldence ln hls defense
durlng Lhe l

k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 3
O 1hls has Lo be done before he ls arralgned as Lhe
enLerlng of plea ls deemed a walver of one's rlghL Lo a
l
SLC1lCn 7 8LCC8uS
1) 8ecords supporLlng Lhe lnformaLlon or complalnL flled ln
Lhe courL shall be supporLed by
O 1he affldavlLs and counLeraffldavlLs of Lhe parLles
and Lhelr wlLnesses
O SupporLlng evldence
O 1he resoluLlon of Lhe case
2) 8ecord of Lhe l conducLed by a prosecuLor or oLher
offlcers as may be auLhorlzed by law
O Shall noL form parL of Lhe records of Lhe case
O Powever Lhe courL on lLs own lnlLlaLlve or on moLlon
of any parLy may order Lhe producLlon of Lhe record
or any of lLs parL when
a) necessary ln Lhe resoluLlon of Lhe case or nay
lncldenL Lhereln
b) lL ls Lo be lnLroduced as an evldence ln Lhe case
by Lhe requesLlng parLy
SLC1lCn 8 CASLS nC1 8LCul8lnC l nC8 CCvL8Lu 8? 1PL 8uLLS
Cn SuMMA8? 8CCLuu8L
1) Cases covered by Lhls secLlon cases where Lhe lmposable
penalLy ls
a) Maxlmum of 4 years 2 monLhs
b) Mlnlmum of 6 monLhs and 1 day
2) 1wo ways of lnsLlLuLlng a crlmlnal case under SecLlon 8
a) llle Lhe complalnL wlLh Lhe prosecuLor whlle
observlng Lhe procedure ouLllned ln SecLlon 3
b) llle Lhe complalnL of lnformaLlon wlLh Lhe M1C
8CCLuu8L WPLn 1PL CCMLAln1 lS llLLu ul8LC1L? Wl1P 1PL
8CSLCu1C8
1) 1he complalnL musL
O SLaLe Lhe address of Lhe respondenL and
O 8e accompanled by
a) AffldavlLs of Lhe complalnanL and hls wlLnesses
b) CLher supporLlng documenLs Lo esLabllsh
probable cause
2) 1he prosecuLor shall acL on Lhe complalnL based on Lhe
affldavlLs and oLher supporLlng documenLs submlLLed by
Lhe complalnanL wlLhln 10 days from lLs flllng
3) 1he respondenL ls noL allowed Lo flle counLeraffldavlLs
8CCLuu8L WPLn CCMLAln1 Cl lnlC8MA1lCn lS llLLu Wl1P
1PL M1C
1) 1he complalnL musL
O SLaLe Lhe address of Lhe respondenL and
O 8e accompanled by
a) AffldavlLs of Lhe complalnanL and hls wlLnesses
b) CLher supporLlng documenLs Lo esLabllsh probable
cause
2) lf Lhe [udge flnds no probable cause
O Pe shall dlsmlss Lhe complalnL
a) WlLhln 10 days afLer Lhe flllng of Lhe complalnL of
lnformaLlon
b) AfLer personally evaluaLlng Lhe evldence or examlnlng
ln wrlLlng and under oaLh Lhe complalnanL and hls
wlLnesses ln Lhe form of searchlng quesLlons and
answers
O Pe may requlre Lhe submlsslon of addlLlonal evldence
wlLhln 10 days from noLlce Lo deLermlne furLher Lhe
exlsLence of probable cause
O lf Lhe [udge sLlll flnds no probable cause desplLe Lhe
addlLlonal evldence
a) Pe shall dlsmlss Lhe case
b) WlLhln 10 days from
1) Submlsslon of addlLlonal evldence
2) LxplraLlon of Lhe perlod Lo submlL addlLlonal
evldence
ll 1PL !uuCL llnuS 8C8A8LL CAuSL
1) Pe shall
O lssue a warranL of arresL or commlLmenL order lf Lhe
accused has already been arresLed
O Pold Lhe accused for Lrlal
2) Pe may lssue summons lnsLead of warranLs of arresL lf Lhe
[udge ls saLlsfled LhaL Lhere ls no necesslLy for placlng Lhe
accused under cusLody
8uLL 113
A88LS1
SLC1lCn 1 uLllnl1lCn Cl A88LS1
ArresL Lhe Laklng of a person lnLo cusLody
urpose ln order LhaL he may be bound Lo answer for Lhe
commlsslon of an offense
SLC1lCn 2 PCW A88LS1 lS MAuL
8CCLuu8L
1 Pow arresL ls made
a) 8y an acLual resLralnL of Lhe person Lo be arresLed
b) 8y Lhe admlsslon of such person Lo Lhe cusLody of Lhe
person maklng an arresL
3) 8ules ln maklng an arresL
a) vlolence or unnecessary force shall noL be used ln maklng
an arresL
b) 1he person arresLed shall noL be sub[ecL Lo a greaLer
resLraln Lhan ls necessary for hls deLenLlon
SLC1lCn 3 uu1? Cl 1PL A88LS1lnC ClllCL8
1) ArresL Lhe accused
2) uellver Lhe accused Lo Lhe nearesL pollce sLaLlon or [all
wlLhouL unnecessary delay
SLC1lCn 4 LxLCu1lCn Cl WA88An1
1) When should warranL be execuLed
O WlLhln 10 days from lLs recelpL
2) Who shall cause Lhe execuLlon of Lhe warranL
O 1he head of Lhe offlce Lo whom Lhe warranL of arresL
was dellvered

k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 4
3) uuLy of Lhe offlcer asslgned Lo execuLe Lhe warranL
O 8eporL wlLhln 10 days afLer Lhe explraLlon of Lhe
perlod shall make a reporL Lo Lhe [udge who lssued
Lhe warranL
O ln case of hls fallure Lo execuLe a warranL he shall ln
hls reporL sLaLe Lhe reasons Lherefor
SLC1lCn 3 A88LS1 Wl1PCu1 WA88An1 WPLn LAWluL
vALlu WA88An1LLSS A88LS1
1) When ln Lhe presence of Lhe arresLlng offlcer or prlvaLe
person Lhe person Lo be arresLed
O Pas commlLLed
O ls acLually commlLLlng
O ls aLLempLlng Lo commlL a crlme
2) When
O 1he offense has [usL been commlLLed
O 1he arresLlng offlcer has probable cause Lo belleve
based on personal knowledge of facLs or
clrcumsLances LhaL Lhe person Lo be arresLed has
commlLLed lL
3) When Lhe person Lo be arresLed
O ls a prlsoner who has escaped from a penal
esLabllshmenL or place where he ls servlng [udgmenL
O ls Lemporarlly conflned whlle hls case ls pendlng
O Pas escaped whlle belng Lransferred from one
conflnemenL Lo anoLher
4) When person lawfully arresLed
O Lscapes
O ls rescued
3) lor Lhe purpose of surrenderlng Lhe accused who ls ouL on
ball (Sec 23 rule 114)
6) When an accused released on ball aLLempLs Lo deparL from
Lhe hlllpplnes wlLhouL permlsslon of Lhe courL where Lhe
case ls pendlng
8CCLuu8L
1) ersons auLhorlzed Lo make a warranLless arresL
O A pollce offlcer or peace offlcer
O Any prlvaLe person
2) rocedure afLer arresL ls made under paragraph a and b
O 1he person arresLed wlLhouL a warranL shall be
dellvered Lo Lhe nearesL pollce sLaLlon or [all
O Pe shall be proceeded agalnsL ln accordance wlLh
secLlon 6 of rule 112
SLC1lCn 6 1lML Cl MAklnC A88LS1
SLC1lCn 7 ML1PCu Cl A88LS1 8? ClllCL8 8? vl81uL Cl A
WA88An1
PCW A88LS1 lS LllLC1Lu 8? vl81uL Cl A WA88An1
1) CLnL8AL 8uLL Lhe offlcer musL lnform Lhe person Lo be
arresLed of Lhe
O Cause of Lhe arresL
O lacL LhaL a warranL has been lssued for hls arresL
2) LxCL1lCnS Lhe fallure of Lhe arresLlng offlcer Lo lnform
hlm of Lhe above ls excusable when Lhe
O 1he person Lo be arresLed flees
O erson Lo be arresLed forclbly reslsLs before Lhe
offlcer has opporLunlLy Lo so lnform hlm
O Clvlng of such lnformaLlon wlll lmperll Lhe arresL
3) ossesslon by arresLlng offlcer of warranL aL Lhe Llme of
Lhe arresL
O 1he offlcer need noL have Lhe warranL ln hls
possesslon aL Lhe Llme of Lhe arresL
O AfLer Lhe arresL lf Lhe person arresLed so requlres
Lhe warranL shall be shown Lo hlm as soon as
pracLlcable
SLC1lCn 8 ML1PCu Cl A88LS1 8? ClllCL8 Wl1PCu1 WA88An1
PCW A88LS1 lS LllLC1Lu 8? An ClllCL8 Wl1PCu1 WA88An1
1) CLnL8AL 8uLL Lhe offlcer musL lnform Lhe person Lo be
arresLed of
O Pls arresLlng auLhorlLy
O 1he cause of hls arresL
2) LxCL1lCnS Lhe offlcer's fallure Lo apprlse Lhe arresLee of
Lhe above ls [usLlfled when Lhe
O erson Lo be arresLed flees
O erson Lo be arresLed forclbly reslsLs before Lhe
offlcer has opporLunlLy Lo so lnform hlm of Lhe cause
of hls arresL and of Lhe facL LhaL a warranL has been
lssued for hls arresL
O Clvlng of such lnformaLlon wlll lmperll Lhe arresL
O erson Lo be arresLed ls Lhen engaged ln Lhe
commlsslon of an offense
O erson Lo be arresLed ls pursued lmmedlaLely afLer
Lhe commlsslon of an offense
O erson Lo be arresLed ls pursued lmmedlaLely afLer
escape
SLC1lCn 9 ML1PCu Cl A88LS1 8? 8lvA1L L8SCn
PCW A88LS1 lS LllLC1Lu 8? A 8lvA1L L8SCn
1) CLnL8AL 8uLL Lhe prlvaLe person musL lnform Lhe
person Lo be arresLed Lhe
O lnLenLlon Lo arresL hlm
O Cause of hls arresL
2) LxCL1lCnS Lhe prlvaLe person's fallure Lo apprlse Lhe
arresLee of Lhe above ls [usLlfled when
O erson Lo be arresLed flees
O erson Lo be arresLed forclbly reslsLs before Lhe
offlcer has opporLunlLy Lo so lnform hlm of Lhe cause
of hls arresL and of Lhe facL LhaL a warranL has been
lssued for hls arresL
O Clvlng of such lnformaLlon wlll lmperll Lhe arresL
O erson Lo be arresLed ls Lhen engaged ln Lhe
commlsslon of an offense
O erson Lo be arresLed ls pursued lmmedlaLely afLer
Lhe commlsslon of an offense
O erson Lo be arresLed ls pursued lmmedlaLely afLer
escape
SLC1lCn 10 ClllCL8 MA? SuMMCn ASSlS1AnCL
ASSl1AnCL WPlLL A88LS1 lS 8LlnC MAuL
1) 8lghL of offlcer maklng a lawful arresL

k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 3
O Pe may orally summon as many persons as he deems
necessary Lo asslsL hlm ln effecLlng Lhe arresL
2) CbllgaLlon of Lhe persons summoned
O AsslsL Lhe arresLlng offlcer ln effecLlng Lhe arresL
provlded he can render such asslsLance wlLhouL
deLrlmenL Lo hlmself

SLC1lCn 11 8lCP1 Cl ClllCL8 1C 88LAk ln1C 8ulLulnC C8
LnCLCSu8L
8LCulSl1LS lC8 88LAklnC ln1C A 8ulLulnC C8
LnCLCSu8L WPLn MAklnC An A88LS1
1) 1he person Lo be arresLed ls or ls reasonably belleved Lo
be lnslde sald bulldlng or enclosure
2) 1he arresLlng offlcer has announce hls auLhorlLy and
purpose
3) 1he arresLlng offlcer ls refused admlLLance
SLC1lCn 12 8lCP1 1C 88LAk Cu1 l8CM 8ulLulnC C8 LnCLCSu8L
8lCP1 1C 88LAk Cu1 l8CM A 8ulLulnC 8LCulSl1LS
1) An offlcer has enLered Lhe bulldlng or enclosure ln
accordance wlLh secLlon 11
2) lL ls necessary Lo llberaLe hlmself
SLC1lCn 13 A88LS1 Al1L8 LSCAL C8 8LSCuL
LllLC1S WPLn A L8SCn LAWluLL? A88LS1Lu LSCALS C8 lS
8LSCuLu
1) Any person may lmmedlaLely pursue or reLake hlm
2) no warranL ls requlred for Lhls purpose
3) 1hls may be carrled ouL aL any Llme and ln any place wlLhln
Lhe hlllpplnes
SLC1lCn 14 8lCP1 Cl A11C8nL? C8 8LLA1lvL 1C vlSl1 1PL L8SCn
A88LS1Lu
WPC PAS 1PL 8lCP1 1C vlSl1 1PL L8SCn A88LS1Lu
1) Any member of Lhe hlllpplne bar
O AL Lhe requesL of Lhe person arresLed or for anoLher
acLlng ln hls behalf
O May confer prlvaLely wlLh such person
1) AL Lhe [all or any oLher place of cusLody
2) AL any hour of Lhe day or nlghL
2 A relaLlve of Lhe person arresLed sub[ecL Lo reasonable
regulaLlons
8uLL 114
SLC1lCn 1 8AlL uLllnLu
8AlL
1) ueflnlLlon 1he securlLy glven for Lhe release of a person
ln cusLody of Lhe law furnlshed by hlm or a bondsman
2) Who furnlshes Lhe ball
a 1he person ln cusLody whose release ls soughL
or
b A bondsman
3) urpose 1o guaranLee sald person's appearance before
any courL
4) lorms of ball
a CorporaLe sureLy
b roperLy bond
c Cash deposlL or
d 8ecognlzance
SLC1lCn 2 CCnul1lCnS Cl 1PL 8AlL 8LCul8LMLn1S
CCnul1lCnS Cl 1PL 8AlL
1) LllLC1lvl1?
O 1he underLaklng shall be effecLlve upon approval
O lL shall remaln ln force aL all sLages of Lhe case unLll
promulgaLlon of Lhe [udgmenL of Lhe 81C lrrespecLlve
of wheLher Lhe case was
a Crlglnally flled wlLh Lhe 81C
b Appealed Lo Lhe 81C
O lL shall lose lLs effecLlvlLy lf cancelled wheLher or noL
[udgmenL has been rendered by Lhe 81C
2) C8LlCA1lCn Cl 1PL ACCuSLu Cu1 Cn 8AlL
O Pe shall appear before Lhe courL whenever requlred
by Lhe courL or Lhese rules
3) LllLC1 Cl lAlLu8L Cl ACCuSLu 1C ALA8 A1 1PL 18lAL
Wl1PCu1 !uS1lllCA1lCn Anu uLSl1L uuL nC1lCL
O lL shall be deemed a walver of hls rlghL Lo be presenL
LhereaL
O 1he Lrlal may proceed ln absenLla
4) WPLn 1PL 8CnuSMAn SPALL Su88LnuL8 1PL ACCuSLu
1C 1PL CCu81
O lor Lhe execuLlon of flnal [udgmenL
CCn1Ln1S
1) 1PL C8lClnAL AL8S SPALL S1A1L
O 1he full name and address of Lhe accused
O 1he amounL of Lhe underLaklng
O 1he condlLlons requlred by SecLlon 2
2) WPA1 MuS1 8L A11ACPLu 1C 1PL 8AlL PC1CC8AP
Cl 1PL ACCuSLu
O assporL slze
O WlLhln Lhe lasL 6 monLhs
O Showlng hls face lefL and rlghL proflles

SLC1lCn 3 nC 8LLLASL C8 18AnlL8 LxCL1 Cn CCu81 C8uL8 C8
8AlL
A L8SCn unuL8 uL1Ln1lCn 8? LLCAL 8CCLSS SPALL nC1 8L
8LLLASLu C8 18AnSlL88Lu LxCL1
1) upon order of Lhe courL
2) When he ls admlLLed Lo ball
SLC1lCn 4 8AlL A MA11L8 Cl 8lCP1 LxCL1lCn
WPLn lS 8AlL A MA11L8 8lCP1
1) 8efore convlcLlon by Lhe M1C
2) AfLer convlcLlon by Lhe M1C pendlng appeal

k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 6
3) 8efore convlcLlon by Lhe 81C and Lhe lmposable penalLy
for Lhe offense ls noL
a) ueaLh
b) 8ecluslon perpeLua
c) Llfe lmprlsonmenL
3) 8efore convlcLlon by Lhe 81C
O lor any offense punlshable by
a ueaLh
b 8ecluslon perpeLua
c Llfe lmprlsonmenL
O 8uL Lhe evldence of gullL ls noL sLrong
SLC1lCn 3 8AlL WPLn ulSC8L1lCnA8?
WPLn 8AlL lS ulSC8L1lCnA8?
1) upon convlcLlon by Lhe 81C of an offense noL punlshable
by
O ueaLh
O 8ecluslon perpeLua
O Llfe lmprlsonmenL
2) rovlded lL ls shown LhaL
O 1he accused ls
a) noL a recldlvlsL
b) noL a quaslrecldlvlsL
c) ls noL a hablLual dellnquenL
d) Pas noL commlLLed Lhe crlme
aggravaLed by Lhe clrcumsLance or
relLeraLlon
O 1he accused has noL
a Lscaped legal conflnemenL
b Lvaded senLence
c vlolaLed Lhe condlLlon of hls ball wlLhouL valld
[usLlflcaLlon
O 1he accused dld noL commlL Lhe offense whlle under
a robaLlon
b arole
c CondlLlonal pardon
O 1he clrcumsLance of Lhe accused's case does noL
lndlcaLe Lhe probablllLy of fllghL lf released on ball
O 1here ls no undue rlsk LhaL Lhe accused may commlL
anoLher crlme durlng Lhe pendency of Lhe appeal
LllLC1 WPLn 8AlL lS ulSC8L1lCnA8? Anu 1PL AACuSLu llLLS A
nC1lCL Cl ALAL
1) 1he appllcaLlon for ball may be flled and acLed upon by Lhe
81C lf Lhe orlglnal record has noL yeL been LransmlLLed Lo
Lhe appellaLe courL
2) 1he appllcaLlon for ball can only be flled and resolved by
Lhe appellaLe courL
O lf Lhe declslon of Lhe 81C convlcLlng Lhe accused
changed Lhe naLure of Lhe offense from nonballable
Lo ballable
3) lf Lhe proper courL granLs Lhe appllcaLlon for ball
O lf Lhe accused be allowed Lo conLlnue on provlslonal
llberLy durlng Lhe pendency of Lhe appeal under Lhe
same ball
O Powever Lhls musL be wlLh Lhe consenL of Lhe
bondsman
4) When lL ls Lhe 81C whlch resolves Lhe appllcaLlon for ball
O 1he appellaLe courL may revlew Lhe resoluLlon of Lhe
81C
a MoLu proplo
b Cn moLlon of any parLy
O noLlce musL be glven Lo Lhe adverse parLy
SLC1lCn 6 CAl1AL CllLnSL uLllnLu
A caplLal offense ls an offense whlch may be punlshed wlLh deaLh
1) AL Lhe Llme of lLs commlsslon
2) AL Lhe Llme of Lhe appllcaLlon for admlsslon Lo bal

SLC1lCn 70 CAl1AL CllLnSL C8 An CllLnSL unlSPA8LL 8?
8LCLuSlCn L8L1uA C8 LllL lM8lSCnMLn1 nC1 8AlLA8LL
WPLn 8AlL SPALL 8L uLnlLu
1) 8efore convlcLlon by Lhe 81C
a Cf an offense punlshable by
O ueaLh
O 8ecluslon perpeLua
O Llfe lmprlsonmenL
b Lvldence of gullL ls sLrong
2) AfLer convlcLlon by Lhe 81C pendlng appeal of an offense
punlshable by
O ueaLh
O 8ecluslon perpeLua
O Llfe lmprlsonmenL
3) AfLer convlcLlon by Lhe 81C of an offense wlLh an
lmposable penalLy of lmprlsonmenL of more Lhan 6 years
buL noL exceedlng 20 days and lL ls shown LhaL
O 1he accused ls
a 8ecldlvlsL
b CuaslrecldlvlsL
c PablLual dellnquenL
d Pas commlLLed Lhe crlme aggravaLed by Lhe clrcumsLance
of relLeraLlon
O 1he accused has
a Lscaped from legal conflnemenL
b Lvaded senLence
c vlolaLed Lhe condlLlons of hls ball wlLhouL valld
[usLlflcaLlon
O 1he accused commlLLed Lhe offense whlle under
a robaLlon
b arole
c CondlLlonal pardon
4) 1he clrcumsLances of Lhe accused's case lndlcaLes Lhe
probablllLy of fllghL f released on ball
3) 1here ls undue rlsk LhaL Lhe accused may commlL anoLher
crlme durlng Lhe pendency of Lhe appeal
SLC1lCn 8 8u8uLn Cl 8CCl ln 8AlL ALlCA1lCn
8CCLuu8L Anu 8LCul8LMLn1S ln 1PL ALlCA1lCn lC8 8AlL
1) An appllcaLlon for ball ls flled by a person who ls ln cusLody
for Lhe commlsslon of an offense punlshable by deaLh
recluslon perpeLua or llfe lmprlsonmenL
2) 1here musL be a hearlng Lo deLermlne as Lo wheLher or
noL Lhe evldence of gullL ls sLrong

k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 7
3) 1he burden ls on Lhe prosecuLlon Lo prove LhaL Lhe
evldence of gullL ls sLrong
4) 1he evldence presenLed durlng Lhe ball hearlng shall be
consldered auLomaLlcally reproduced aL Lhe Lrlal
3) 1he courL may recall any wlLness for addlLlonal
examlnaLlon
O upon moLlon of elLher parLy
O unless Lhe wlLness Lo be called ls
a uead
b CuLslde of Lhe hlllpplnes
c CLherwlse unable Lo LesLlfy
SLC1lCn 9 AMCun1 Cl 8AlL CuluLLlnLS
CuluLLlnLS lC8 1PL !uuCL ln llxlnC 1PL AMCun1 Cl 8AlL
1) 1he amounL should be reasonable conslderlng prlmarlly
buL noL llmlLed Lo Lhe followlng facLors
O llnanclal ablllLy of Lhe accused Lo glve ball
O naLure and clrcumsLances of Lhe offense
O enalLy for Lhe offense charged
O CharacLer and repuLaLlon of Lhe accused
O Age and healLh of Lhe accused
O WelghL of Lhe evldence agalnsL accused
O robablllLy of Lhe accused appearlng aL Lhe Lrlal
O 1he facL LhaL Lhe accused was a fuglLlve from [usLlce
when arresLed
O endency of oLher cases where Lhe accused ls on ball
2) Lxcesslve ball shall noL be requlred

SLC1lCn 10 CC8C8A1L Su8L1?
8LCulSl1LS lC8 8CvlulnC A 8AlL 8Cnu ln 1PL lC8M Cl
CC8C8A1L SLCu8l1?
1) lL musL be provlded by a domesLlc or forelgn corporLaLlon
whlch ls
a Llcensed as a sureLy
b AuLhorlzed Lo acL as a sureLy
2) lL musL be
a !olnLly subscrlbed by
O Accused and
O An offlcer of Lhe corporaLlon
b AuLhorlzed by lLs board of dlrecLors

SLC1lCn 11 8CL81? 8Cnu PCW CS1Lu
1 8CL81? 8Cnu lL ls an underLaklng consLlLuLed as llen
on Lhe real properLy glven as securlLy for Lhe amounL of
Lhe ball
2 8CCLuu8L Wl1Pln 10 uA?S Al1L8 1PL A8CvAL Cl
1PL 8Cnu
O 1he accused shall cause Lhe annoLaLlon of Lhe llen
a Cn Lhe cerLlflcaLe of LlLle on flle
A lf Lhe land ls reglsLered ln Lhe
reglsLer of deeds
8 lf unreglsLered ln Lhe
reglsLraLlon book on Lhe
space provlded Lherefor ln
Lhe reglsLer of deeds for Lhe
provlnce or clLy where Lhe
land lles
b Cn Lhe correspondlng Lax declaraLlon ln Lhe offlce of
Lhe provlnclal clLy and munlclpal assessor concerned
3) 1he accused shall submlL Lo Lhe courL hls compllance and
hls fallure Lo do so shall be sufflclenL cause for
O 1he cancellaLlon of Lhe properLy bond
O Pls arresL and deLenLlon

SLC1lCn 12 CuALlllCA1lCnS Cl Su8L1lLS ln 8CL81? 8Cnu
Su8L1lLS Cl 8CL81? 8Cnu
1) CuallflcaLlons
O MusL be a resldenL owner of real esLaLe wlLhln Lhe
hlllpplnes
2) value of Lhe properLy of sureLy
O lf Lhere ls only one sureLy hls real esLaLe musL be
worLh aL leasL Lhe amounL of Lhe underLaklng
O lf Lhere are 2 or more sureLles each may [usLlfy ln an
amounL less Lhan LhaL expressed ln Lhe underLaklng
buL Lhe aggregaLe of Lhe [usLlfled sums musL be
equlvalenL Lo Lhe whole amounL of Lhe ball
demanded
3) Lvery sureLy musL be worLh Lhe amounL speclfled ln hls
own underLaklng over and above all
O !usL debLs
O CbllgaLlons
O roperLles exempL from execuLlon
SLC1lCn 13 !uS1lllCA1lCn Cl Su8L1lLS
C1PL8 8LCul8LMLn1S
1) CbllgaLlon of a sureLy
O Pe musL [usLlfy by affldavlL Laken before Lhe [udge
LhaL he possesses Lhe quallflcaLlons prescrlbed ln Sec
12
O Pe musL descrlbe Lhe properLy glven as securlLy
sLaLlng
a 1he naLure of Lhe LlLle
b lLs encumbrances
c 1he number and amounL of oLher balls enLered
lnLo by hlm and sLlll undlscharged
d Pls oLher llablllLles
2) 1he courL may examlne Lhe sureLles upon oaLh concernlng
Lhelr sufflclency ln such manner as lL may deem proper
3) no ball shall be approved unless Lhe sureLy ls quallfled
SLC1lCn 14 uLCSl1 Cl CASP AS 8AlL
CASP 8Cnu AS 8AlL 8Cnu
1) Who may deposlL Lhe cash bond
O 1he accused
O Any person acLlng ln hls behalf
2) Where Lhe cash bond may be deposlLed
O 1he nearesL collecLor of lnLernal revenue
O rovlnclal clLy or munlclpal Lreasurer
3) Pow much shall be deposlLed

k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 8
O 1he amounL of ball flxed by Lhe courL
O 1he amounL recommended by Lhe prosecuLor who
lnvesLlgaLed or flled Lhe case
4) When accused shall be dlscharged from cusLody upon
submlsslon of
O A proper cerLlflcaLe of deposlL
O A wrlLLen underLaklng showlng compllance wlLh Lhe
requlremenLs of secLlon 2
3) WhaL happens Lo Lhe money deposlLed
O lL shall be consldered as ball
O lL shall be applled Lo Lhe paymenL of flne and cosLs
O 1he excess lf any shall be reLurned
1) 1o Lhe accused wheLher convlcLed or acqulLLed
2) 1o whoever made Lhe deposlLed

SLC1lCn 13 8LCCCnlZAnCL
8LCCCnlZAnCL an obllgaLlon of record enLered lnLo before some
courL or maglsLraLe duly auLhorlzed Lo Lake lL wlLh Lhe condlLlon Lo
do some parLlcular acL Lhe mosL usual condlLlon ln crlmlnal cases
belng Lhe appearance of Lhe accused for Lrlal
1) When may a person ln cusLody be released on
recognlzance
O Whenever allowed by law
O Whenever allowed by Lhese rules
2) ln whose recognlzance may a person be released
O Cn hls own
O Cn LhaL of a responslble person
O
SLC1lCn 16 8AlL WPLn nC1 8LCul8Lu 8LuuCLu 8AlL C8
8LCCCnlZAnCL
WPLn 8AlL nC1 8LCul8Lu
1) When provlded by Lhe law or
2) When provlded by Lhese 8ules
WPLn A L8SCn ln CuS1Cu? SPALL 8L 8LLLASLu
1) When Pe Pas 8een ln CusLody lor A erlod wlLhouL
pre[udlce Lo Lhe conLlnuaLlon of Lhe Lrlal or Lhe
proceedlngs on appeal
a Lqual Lo he posslble maxlmum lmprlsonmenL
prescrlbe for Lhe offense charged
b More Lhan Lhe posslble maxlmum lmprlsonmenL
prescrlbed for Lhe offense charged
2) ll 1PL MAxlMuM LnAL1? 1C WPlCP PL MA? 8L
SLn1LnCLu lS uLS1lL88C
A Pe shall be released afLer 30 days of prevenLlve
lmprlsonmenL
3) ll PL PAS 8LLn ln CuS1Cu? lC8 A L8lCu LCuAL 1C
MC8L 1PAn 1PL MlnlMuM Cl 1PL 8lnClAL LnAL1?
8LSC8l8Lu lC8 1PL CllLnSL CPA8CLu wlLhouL
appllcaLlon of Lhe lndeLermlnaLe SenLence Law or any
modlfylng clrcumsLance
A Pe shall be released on a reduced ball or on hls
own recognlzance aL Lhe dlscreLlon of Lhe courL
WPLn 1PL ACCuSLu lS LxLM l8CM u11lnC u 8AlL
1) 8A 6036 When Lhe offense has an lmposable penalLy of 6
monLhs or less under Lhe condlLlons menLloned Lhereln
2) 8A 114 SLC 16 When a case ls flled under Lhe Summary
8ules a mere noLlce ls sufflclenL a warranL of arresL ls noL
requlred
3) 8uLL 112 SLC 9 8 lf Lhe [udge ls saLlsfled LhaL Lhere ls
no necesslLy for placlng Lhe accused under cusLody he
may lssue summons lnsLead of warranL of arresL

SLC1lCn 17 8AlL WPL8L llLLu
1 CLnL8AL 8uLL
1 WlLh Lhe courL where Lhe case ls pendlng
2 LxCLM1lCnS 1PL L1l1lCn MA? 8L llLLu
1 WlLh any 81C or M1C [udge ln Lhe provlnce clLy
or munlclpallLy when Lhe [udge where Lhe case
ls pendlng ls absenL or unavallable
2 WlLh Lhe 81C of Lhe place where Lhe accused ls
arresLed lf arresLed ln a place oLher Lhan where
Lhe case ls pendlng
3 WlLh Lhe M1C of Lhe place where Lhe accused ls
arresLed lf 81C [udge of Lhe place where ls
arresLed ls noL avallable
3 WPLn 8AlL CAn CnL? 8L C8An1Lu ln 1PL CCu81 WPL8L 1PL
CASL lS LnulnC WP1PL8 Cn 18lAL C8 ALAL
1 When Lhe granL of ball ls a maLLer of dlscreLlon
and
2 When Lhe accused seeks Lo be released on
recognlzance
4 WPLn 1PL L8SCn ln CuS1Cu? lS nC1 ?L1 CPA8CLu ln
CCu81
1 1he peLlLlon may be flled wlLh any courL ln Lhe
provlnce clLy or munlclpallLy where he ls held
1hls applles Lo lnquesL

SLC1lCn 18 nC1lCL Cl ALlCA1lCn 1C 8CSLCu1C8
WPLn 1PL CCu81 MuS1 uC WPLn l1 8LCLlvLS An ALlCA1lCn
lC8 8AlL unuL8 SLC 8
1) lL musL glve reasonable noLlce of Lhe hearlng Lo Lhe
prosecuLor or
2) lL musL requlre Lhe prosecuLor Lo submlL hls
recommended

SLC1lCn 19 8LLLASL Cn 8AlL
8CCLuu8L lC8 8LLLASL Cn 8AlL
1) 1he accused can only be dlscharged upon approval of Lhe
ball by Lhe [udge wlLh whom Lhe peLlLlon was flled
2) When Lhe moLlon for ball ls flled wlLh a courL oLher Lhan
where Lhe case ls pendlng
O 1he [udge who accepLed Lhe ball shall forward lL
Lo Lhe courL where Lhe case ls pendlng
O Pe musL lnclude Lhe order of release and oLher
supporLlng papers and

k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 9
O 1he courL where Lhe case ls pendlng may for
good reason requlre a dlfferenL ball Lo be flled

SLC1lCn 20 lnC8LASL C8 8LuuC1lCn Cl 8AlL
lnC8LASL C8 8LuuC1lCn Cl 8AlL
1) AfLer Lhe accused ls admlLLed Lo ball Lhe courL may upon
good cause elLher lncrease or reduce lLs amounL
2) When lncreased Lhe accused may be commlLLed Lo
cusLody lf he does noL glve ball ln Lhe lncreased amounL
wlLhln a reasonable perlod
3) An accused held Lo answer a crlmlnal charge who ls
released wlLhouL ball upon flllng of Lhe complalnL or
lnformaLlon may
O AL any subsequenL sLage of Lhe proceedlngs and
whenever a sLrong showlng of gullL appears Lo
Lhe courL
O 8e requlred Lo glve ball ln Lhe amounL flxed or
lleu Lhereof commlLLed Lo cusLody
SLC1lCn 21 lC8lLl1u8L Cl 8AlL
lC8lLl1u8L Cl 8AlL
1) When Lhe presence of Lhe accused ls requlred by Lhe courL
or Lhe 8ules
O Pls bondsmen shall be noLlfled Lo produce hlm
before Lhe courL on a glven daLe and Llme
2) lf Lhe accused falls Lo appear ln person as requlred
O Pls ball shall be declared forfelLed and
O 1he bondsmen are glve 30 days wlLhln whlch
l 1o produce Lhelr prlnclpal and
ll 1o show cause why no [udgmenL
should be rendered agalnsL Lhem for
Lhe amounL of Lhelr ball
3) WlLhln Lhe 30 day perlod Lhe bondsmen musL
O roduce Lhe body of Lhelr prlnclpal or glve Lhe
reason for hls nonproducLlon and
O Lxplaln why Lhe accused dld noL appear before
Lhe courL when Lhe flrsL requlred Lo do so
4) LffecL of fallure of bondsman Lo comply wlLh Lhe above
requlslLes
O A [udgmenL shall be rendered agalnsL Lhe
bondsmen [olnLly and severally for Lhe amounL
of Lhe ball and
O 1he courL shall noL reduce or oLherwlse mlLlgaLe
Lhe llablllLy of Lhe bondsmen unless Lhe
accused
l Pas bee surrendered or
ll ls acqulLLed

SLC1lCn 22 CAnCLLLA1lCn Cl 8AlL
CAnCLLLA1lCn Cl 8AlL
1) 8equlslLes
O An appllcaLlon for cancellaLlon musL be flled by
Lhe bondsmen
O uue Lo noLlce musL be glven Lo Lhe prosecuLor
and
O roof of hls deaLh
2) When ball shall be deemed auLomaLlcally cancelled
O upon acqulLLal of Lhe accused
O upon dlsmlssal of Lhe case or
O upon execuLlon of Lhe [udgmenL of convlcLlon
3) LffecL of cancellaLlon
O lL shall be wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo any llablllLy on
Lhe ball

SLC1lCn 23 A88LS1 Cl ACCuSLu Cu1 on 8AlL
A88LS1 Cl ACCuSLu Cu1 on 8AlL
1) Who may execuLe Lhe arresL for Lhe purpose of
surrenderlng Lhe accused
O 1he bondsmen or
O upon wrlLLen auLhorlLy endorsed on a
cerLlfled copy of Lhe underLaklng Lhe
bondsmen may cause hlm Lo be arresLed by
l A pollce offlce or
ll Any oLher person of sulLable age
and dlscreLlon
2) When accused released on ball may be rearresLed
wlLhouL Lhe necesslLy of a warranL
O lf he aLLempLs Lo deparL from Lhe
hlllpplnes wlLhouL permlsslon of Lhe courL
where Lhe case ls pendlng

SLC1lCn 24 nC 8AlL Al1L8 llnAL !uuCMLn1 LxCL1lCn
8AlL Al1L8 llnAL !uuCLMLn1 Cl CCnvlC1lCn
1) AfLer !udgmenL Cf ConvlcLlon
O Ceneral 8ule 8all ls nC1 allowed
O LxcepLlons lf before such flnallLy Lhe accused
applles for probaLlon
l Pe may be allowed Lemporary llberLy
under hls ball or cusLody of a
responslble member of Lhe
communlLy
1 When no ball was flled or
2 When Lhe accused ls
lncapable of flllng one
2) AfLer Lhe accused has commenced Lo serve senLence
O 8all ls noL allowed

SLC1lCn 23 CCu81 SuL8vlSlCn Cl uL1AlnLLS
CCu81 SuL8vlSlCn Cl uL1AlnLLS
1) 1he courL shall exerclse supervlslon over all persons ln
cusLody for Lhe purpose of ellmlnaLlng unnecessary
deLenLlon
2) 1he execuLlve [udge of Lhe 81C's shall

k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 10
O ConducL monLhly personal lnspecLlons of
provlnclal clLy and munlclpallLy [alls and Lhe
prlsoners wlLhln Lhelr respecLlve [urlsdlcLlon's
O AscerLaln Lhe number of deLalnees
O lnqulre on Lhelr properLy accommodaLlons and
healLh
O Lxamlne Lhe condlLlon of Lhe [all faclllLles
O Cder Lhe segregaLlons sexes and of mlnor from
adulLs
O Lnsure Lhe observance of Lhe rlghL of deLalnees
of confer prlvaLely wlLh counsel and
O SLrlve Lo ellmlnaLe condlLlons lnlmlcal Lo Lhe
deLalnees
3) ln clLles and munlclpallLles Lo be speclflc by Lhe Supreme
CourL Lhe M1C [udges shall
O ConducL monLhly personal lnspecLlons of Lhe
munlclpal [alls ln Lhelr respecLlve munlclpallLles
and
O SubmlL a reporL Lo Lhe execuLlve [udge of Lhe
81C havlng [urlsdlcLlon Lhereln
4) A monLhly reporL of such vlslLaLlon shall be submlLLed by
Lhe execuLlve [udge Lo Lhe CourL AdmlnlsLraLlon whlch
shall sLaLe
O 1he LoLal number of deLalnees
O 1he names of Lhose held for more Lhan 30 days
O 1he duraLlon of deLenLlon
O 1he crlme charged
O 1he sLaLus of Lhe case
O 1he cause for deLenLlon and
O CLher perLlnenL lnformaLlon
SLC1lCn 26 8AlL nC1 A 8A8 1C C8!LC1lCnS Cn lLLLCAL A88LS1
LACk Cl C8 l88LCuLA8 8LLlMlnA8? lnvLS1lCA1lCn
LllLC1C Cn lLLLCAL A88LS1
1) LffecL of appllcaLlon or admlsslon Lo ball lL shall noL bar
Lhe accused from
O Challenglng
11he valldlLy of hls arresL or
21he legallLy of Lhe warranL lssued
Lherefor
O Assalllng Lhe regularlLy of Lhe quesLlonlng Lhe
absence of a l of Lhe charge agalnsL hlm
provlded Lhe he ralses Lhem before enLerlng hls
plea
2) 8equlslLe for accused Lo be enLlLled Lo Lhe above
O Pe musL ralse Lhem before enLerlng hls please
3) When Lhe courL shall resolve Lhe maLLer on wheLher or noL
Lo granL ball
O As early as pracLlcable buL noL laLer Lhan Lhe
sLarL of Lhe Lrlal of Lhe case

8uLL 113
SLC1lCn 1 8lCP1S Cl 1PL ACCuSLu A1 1PL 18lAL
8lCP1 Cl 1PL ACCuSLu A1 1PL 18lAL ln all crlmlnal
prosecuLlons Lhe accused shall be enLlLled Lo Lhe followlng
rlghLs
SLC1lCn 1 c 8lCP1S Cl 1PL ACCuSLu 1C 8L 8LSLn1 A1 PlS
18lAL
1) 8lghL of Lhe accused Lo be presenL aL every sLage of Lhe
proceedlngs from arralgnmenL Lo promulgaLlon of
[udgmenL
O Ceneral 8ule Lhe accused may walve hls rlghL
Lo be presenL aL Lhe Lrlal pursuanL LoL Lhe
sLlpulaLlon seL forLh ln hls ball
O LxcepLlons Lhe accused has Lo appear
1When hls presence ls speclflcally
ordered by Lhe courL for purpose of
ldenLlflcaLlon
2uurlng arralgnmenL and
3uurlng promulgaLlon of [udgmenL
2) LffecL of absence of Lhe accused wlLhouL [usLlflable cause
aL Lhe Lrlal of whlch he had noLlce
O lL shall be consldered a walver of hls rlghL Lo be
presenL LhereaL
3) LffecL when an accused under cusLody escapes
O Pe shall be deemed Lo have walved hls rlghL Lo
be presenL on all subsequenL Lrlal daLes unLll
cusLody over hum regalned
SLC1lCn 1 c 8lCP1S 1C CCunSLL uu8lnC 18lAL
1) 8lghL of Lhe accused
O 1o be defended by counsel aL every sLage of Lhe
proceedlng from arralgnmenL Lo promulgaLlon of
[udgmenL
2) Walver of sald rlghL
O 1he accused upon moLlon may be allowed Lo
defend hlmself ln person when lL sufflclenLly
appears Lo Lhe courL LhaL he can properly
proLecL hls rlghLs wlLhouL Lhe asslsLance of
counsel
SLC1lCn 1 d 1o LesLlfy as a wlLness ln hls own behalf buL sub[ecL
Lo crossexamlnaLlon on maLLers covered by dlrecL examlnaLlon Pls
sllence shall noL ln any manner pre[udlce hlm
8lCP1 1C 1LS1ll? ln PlS CWn 8LPALl
1) 8lghL guaranLeed
O 1he accused has Lhe rlghL Lo LesLlfy as a wlLness
ln hls own behalf
2) CondlLlon for Lhe exerclse of such rlghL
O Pe can be crossexamlned on maLLers covered
by dlrecL examlnaLlon ldeemed a walver of hls
rlghL agalnsL selflncrlmlnaLlon
3) LffecL of sllence on Lhe parL of Lhe accused
O lL shall noL ln any manner pre[udlce hlm

SLC1lCn f 1o confronL and crossexamlne Lhe wlLness agalnsL
hlm aL Lhe Lrlal LlLher parLy may uLlllze as parL of lLs evldence
LesLlmony of a wlLness who ls deceased ouL of or can noL wlLh due
dlllgence be found ln Lhe hlllpplnes unavallable or oLherwlse
unable Lo LesLlfy glven anoLher case or proceedlng [udlclal or
admlnlsLraLlve lnvolvlng Lhe same parLles and sub[ecL maLLer Lhe
adverse parLy havlng Lhe opporLunlLy Lo crossexamlne hlm

k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 11
8lCP1 1C CCnl8Cn1A1lCn
1) 8lghL guaranLeed
O 1he accused has Lhe rlghL Lo confronL and cross
examlne Lhe wlLnesses agalnsL hlm aL Lhe Lrlal
2) AddlLlonal beneflL graLed by Sec 1 l LlLher parLy may
use as evldence LesLlmony of a wlLness who ls noL presenL
durlng Lrlal provlded
O Sald wlLness ls
1ueceased
2CuL of or can noL wlLh due dlllgence be
found ln Lhe hlllpplnes
3unavallable or
4CLherwlse unable Lo LesLlfy and
O Sald LesLlmony was glven by Lhe wlLness ln
anoLher case or proceedlng
1!udlclal or admlnlsLraLlve and
2lnvolvlng Lhe same parLles or sub[ecL
maLLer and
O 1he adverse parLy had Lhe opporLunlLy Lo cross
examlne sald wlLness

8uLL 116
SLC1lCn 1 A88AlCnMLn1 Anu LLA PCW MAuL
A8 A A88AlCnLMLn1 8CCLuu8L
1) 1he accused musL be arralgned before Lhe courL where
O 1he complalnL or lnformaLlon ls flled or
O Asslgned for Lrlal
2) 1he arralgnmenL shall be made ln open courL by Lhe [udge
or clerk by
O lurnlshlng Lhe accused wlLh a copy of Lhe
complalnL or lnformaLlon
O 8eadlng Lhe same ln Lhe language or dlalecL
known Lo hlm and
O Asklng hlm wheLher he pleads gullLy or noL gullLy
3) 1he prosecuLlon may call aL Lhe Lrlal wlLness oLher Lhan
Lhose named ln Lhe complalnL or lnformaLlon

A8 8 8LSLnCL Cl ACCuSLu A1 A88AlCnMLn1
1) 1he accused musL
O 8e presenL aL Lhe arralgnmenL and
O MusL personally enLer hls plea
2) 8oLh arralgnmenL and plea shall be made of record
O 8uL fallure Lo do so shall noL affecL Lhe valldlLy of
Lhe proceedlngs

WPLn A LLA Cl nC1 CulL1? SPALL 8L Ln1L8Lu lC8 1PL
ACCuSLu
1) When Lhe accused refuses Lo plead or
2) 1hen Lhe accused makes a condlLlonal plea

LllLC1S WPLn ACCuSLu 8LSLn1 LxCuLA1C8?
LvluLnCL
1) Pls plea shall be deemed wlLhdrawn and
2) A plea of noL gullLy shall be enLered for hlm

WPLn ACCuSLu lS unuL8 8LvLn1lvL uL1Ln1lCn
1) Pls case shall be raffled
2) WlLhln 30 days from Lhe flllng of Lhe lnformaLlon or
complalnL
O 1he records of hls case shall be LransmlLLed Lo
Lhe [udge Lo whom Lhe case raffled
3) WlLhln 10 days from Lhe daLe of Lhe raffle
O Pe shall be arralgned
4) WlLhln 10 days afLer arralgnmenL Lhe preLrlal
conference of hls care shall be held

1PL 8lvA1L CllLnuLu A81?
1) 1he prlvaLe offended parLy shall be requlred Lo appear aL
Lhe arralgnmenL for purpose of
O lea bargalnlng
O ueLermlnaLlon of clvll llablllLy and
O CLher maLLers requlrlng hls presence
2) LffecL of fallure of offended parLy Lo appear desplLe due
noLlce
O 1he counL may allow Lhe accused Lo enLer a plea
of gullLy Lo a lesser offense whlch ls necessarlly
lncluded ln Lhe offense charged and
O Cnly Lhe conformlLy of Lhe Lrlal prosecuLor ls
requlred

1lML Cl A88AlCnMLn1
1) When arralgnmenL shall be held
O Ceneral 8ule WlLhln 30 days from Lhe daLe Lhe
courL acqulres [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe person of Lhe
accused
O LxcepLlon unless a shorLer perlod ls provlded
by
1Speclal law or
2Supreme courL clrcular
2) 1he followlng shall be excluded ln compuLlng Lhe 30 day
perlod
O 1he Llme of Lhe pendency
1Cf a moLlon Lo quash or
2lor a blll or parLlculars or
O CLher cause [usLlfylng suspenslon of Lhe
arralgnmenL

SLC1lCn 2 LLA Cl CulL1? 1C A LLSSL8 CllLnSL
LLA Cl CulL1? 1C A LLSSL8 CllLnSL

k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 12
1) 8equlslLes
O Such plea may be made by Lhe accused
1uurlng arralgnmenL or
2AfLer arralgnmenL buL before Lrlal
O 1he lesser offense musL be necessarlly lncluded
ln Lhe offense charged
O lL musL be made wlLh Lhe consenL of
11he offended parLy and
21he publlc prosecuLor
O lL ls noL necessary Lo amend Lhe complalnL or
lnformaLlon when Lhe accused pleads gullLy Lo a
lesser

SLC1lCn 3 LLA Cl CulL1? 1C CAl1AL CllLnSL 8LCL1lCn
LvluLnCL
LLA Cl CulL1? 1C nCnCAl1AL CllLnSL
1) 1he courL shall
O ConducL a searchlng lnqulry lnLo Lhe
volunLarlness and full comprehenslon of Lhe
consequence of hls plea and
O 8equlre Lhe prosecuLlon Lo prove hls gullL and
Lhe preclse degree of culpablllLy
2) 1he accused may presenL evldence ln hls behalf

SLC1lCn 4 LLA Cl CulL1? 1C nCnCAl1AL CllLnSL 8LCL1lCn
Cl LvluLnCL ulSC8L1lCnA8?
1) LffecL
O 1he courL may recelve evldence from Lhe parLles
2) urpose
O 1o deLermlne Lhe penalLy Lo be lmposed

SLC1lCn 3 Wl1Pu8AWAL Cl lM8CvluLn1 LLA Cl CulL1?
1) When lL Can 8e uone
a AL any Llme before Lhe [udgmenL of convlcLlon
becomes flnal
3) LffecL when wlLhdrawal ls made
O 1he gullLy plea shall be subsLlLuLed by plea of noL
gullLy
SLC1lCn 6 uu1? Cl 1PL CCu81 1C lnlC8M ACCuSLu Cl PlS
8lCP1 1C CCunSLL
8lCP1 Cl 1PL ACCuSLu 1C CCunSLL
1) 1he accused has Lhe rlghL Lo be asslsLed by a counsel
durlng hls arralgnmenL
2) 8efore arralgnmenL Lhe courL shall
O lnform hlm of such rlghL
O Ask hlm lf he deslres Lo have one
4) 1he courL musL asslgn a counsel de offlclo Lo defend Lhe
accused unless
O Pe ls allowed Lo defend hlmself ln person
O Pe has employed counsel of hls cholce
SLC1lCn 7 ACln1MLn1 Cl CCunSLL uL CllClC
ACln1MLn1 Cl CCunSLL uL ClllClC
1) WhaL Lhe courL musL conslder before appolnLlng a
counsel de offlclo
O 1he gravlLy of Lhe offense
O 1he dlfflculLy of Lhe quesLlons LhaL may arlse
2) Whom can Lhe courL appolnL as counsel de offlclo
O lf such members of Lhe bar ln good sLandlng who
by reason of Lhelr experlence and ablllLy can
compeLenLly defend Lhe accused
O ln locallLles were such members of Lhe bar are
noL avallable any person resldenL of Lhe
provlnce and of good repuLe for problLy and
ablllLy Lo defend Lhe accused
SLC1lCn 8 1lML lC8 CCunSLL uL lCClC 1C 8LA8L lC8
A88AlCnMLn1
SLC1lCn 9 8lLL Cl A81lCuLA8S
1) When Lhe accused can move for a blll of parLlculars
O 8efore arralgnmenL
2) urpose for movlng for a blll of parLlculars
O 1o enable Lhe accused properly Lo plead and
prepare for Lrlal
3) WhaL Lhe moLlon shall speclfy
O 1he alleged defecLs of Lhe complalnL of
lnformaLlon
O 1he deLalls deslred
SLC1lCn 10 8CuuC1lCn C8 lnSLC1lCn Cl MA1L8lAL LvluLnCL
ln CSSLSSlCn Cl 8CSLCu1lCn
1) 8LCulSl1LS
a 1he accused musL flle a moLlon showlng good
cause
b 1here musL be noLlce Lo Lhe parLles
2) u8CSL Cl 8CuuC1lCn
O 1o prevenL surprlse suppresslon or alLeraLlon
3) PCW 1PL CCu81 SPALL 8LSCLvL 1PL MC1lCn l1 MA?
C8uL8 1PL 8CSLCu1lCn
O 1o produce and permlL Lhe lnspecLlon and
copylng or phoLographlng of
a) Any wrlLLen sLaLemenL glven by Lhe complalnanL
and oLher wlLnesses ln any lnvesLlgaLlon of Lhe
offense conducLed by Lhe prosecuLlon or oLher
lnvesLlgaLlng offlcers
b) Any deslgnaLed documenLs papers books
accounLs leLLers phoLographs ob[ecLs or
Langlble Lhlngs
O noL oLherwlse prlvlleged
O Whlch consLlLuLe or conLaln evldence maLerlal Lo
any maLLer lnvolved ln Lhe case
O Whlch are ln Lhe possesslon or under Lhe conLrol
of Lhe
a 1he prosecuLlon
b 1he pollce
c CLher law lnvesLlgaLlng agencles


k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 13
SLC1lCn 11 SuSLnSlCn Cl A88AlCnMLn1
1) 8LCulSl1LS
a 1he proper parLy musL flle a moLlon for suspenslon
b 1he proper ground musL be presenL
2) C8CunuS
a 1he accused appears Lo be sufferlng from an unsound
menLal condlLlon whlch effecLlvely renders hlm
unable Lo fully undersLand Lhe charge agalnsL hlm and
Lo plead lnLelllgenLly LhereLo
O LllLC1 Lhe courL shall order hls menLal
examlnaLlon and lf necessary hls conflnemenL
for such purpose
b 1here exlsLs a pre[udlclal quesLlon
c A peLlLlon for revlew of Lhe resoluLlon of Lhe
prosecuLor ls pendlng aL elLher Lhe ueparLmenL of
!usLlce or Lhe offlce of Lhe presldenL
PCWLvL8 Lhe perlod of suspenslon shall noL exceed
60 days counLed from Lhe flllng of Lhe peLlLlon wlLh
Lhe revlewlng offlce
8uLL 126 SLA8CP Anu SLlZu8L
SLC1lCn 1 Search warranL deflned
1) ueflnlLlon and elemenLs of a search warranL
O lL ls an order ln wrlLlng
O lssued ln Lhe name of Lhe eople of Lhe
hlllpplnes
O Slgned by a [udge
O ulrecLed Lo a peace offlcer commandlng hlm Lo
a Search for personal properLy descrlbed Lhereln
b 8rlng lL before Lhe courL
SLC1lCn 2 CCu81 WPL8L ALlCA1lCn lC8 SLA8CP WA88An1
SPALL 8L llLLu
WPL8L An ALlCA1lCn lC8 SLA8CP WA88An1 MA? 8L llLLu
1) CLnL8AL 8uLL before any courL wlLhln Lhose LerrlLorlal
[urlsdlcLlon a crlme was commlLLed
2) LxCL1lCn for compelllng reasons sLaLed ln Lhe
appllcaLlon before
O Any courL wlLhln Lhe [udlclal reglon where Lhe
crlme was commlLLed lf Lhe place of Lhe
commlsslon of Lhe crlme ls known
O Any courL wlLhln Lhe [udlclal reglon where Lhe
warranL shall be enforced
3) CuALlllCA1lCn lf Lhe crlmlnal acLlon has already been
flled
O 1he appllcaLlon shall only be made ln Lhe courL
where Lhe crlmlnal acLlon ls pendlng
SLC1lCn 3 8CL81? 1C 8L SLlZLu
WhaL klnd of personal properLy may be selzed
1) roperLy sub[ecL of Lhe offense
2) roperLy sLolen or embezzled and oLher proceeds or frulLs
of Lhe offense
3) roperLy used or lnLended Lo be used as Lhe means of
commlLLlng an offense

SLC1lCn 4 8LCulSl1LS lC8 lSSulnC SLA8CP WA88An1
8LCulSl1LS
1) 1here musL be an appllcaLlon ln wrlLlng under oaLh
2) 1here musL be probable cause
O 1o be deLermlned by Lhe [udge
O AfLer Lhe examlnaLlon under oaLh or afflrmaLlon
of Lhe complalnanL and Lhe wlLnesses he may
produce
3) lL can only be lssued ln connecLlon wlLh one speclflc
offense
4) lL musL parLlcularly descrlbe
O 1he place Lo be search whlch may be anywhere
ln Lhe hlllpplnes
O 1he ob[ecLs Lo be selzed
SLC1lCn 3 LxAMlnA1lCn Cl CCMLAlnAn1 8LCC8u
uu1? Cl 1PL !uuCL 8LlC8L lSSulnC A WA88An1
1) Pe musL personally examlne Lhe complalnanL and Lhe
wlLnesses he may produce
2) 1he examlnaLlon musL be
O ln Lhe form of searchlng quesLlons and answers
O ln wrlLlng
O under oaLh
O Cn facLs personally known Lo Lhem
3) 1he followlng musL be aLLached Lo Lhe record
O 1he sworn sLaLemenLs of Lhe complalnanL and
hls wlLnesses
O 1he affldavlLs Lhey submlLLed
SLC1lCn 6 lSSuAnCL Anu lC8M Cl SLA8CP WA88An1
lSSuAnCL Anu lC8M
1) When Lhe [udge shall lssue Lhe search warranL
O When he ls saLlsfled of Lhe exlsLence of such
facLs upon whlch Lhe appllcaLlon ls based
O When he ls saLlsfled LhaL Lhere ls probable cause
Lo belleve LhaL Lhey exlsL
2) 1he form of Lhe search warranL
O lL musL subsLanLlally ln Lhe form prescrlbed by
Lhe rules
SLC1lCn 7 8lCP1 1C 88LAk uCC8 C8 WlnuCW
8LCulSl1LS lC8 An ClllCL8 1C 88LAk CLn An? Cu1L8 C8 lnnL8
uCC8 C8 WlnuCW Cl A PCuSL
1) 1he offlcer glves noLlce of hls purpose and auLhorlLy
2) Pe ls refused admlLLance Lo Lhe place of dlrecLed search
Au1PC8lZLu AC1S uCn 88LAklnC ln
1) 1he offlcer may execuLe Lhe warranL
2) Pe may llberaLe hlmself or any person lawfully aldlng hlm
when unlawfully deLalned Lhereln


k8lS1lnL MAL Cul8Cu LL8 2MAn8LSA 14
SLC1lCn 8 SLA8CP Cl PCuSL 8CCM C8 8LMlSLS 1C 8L MAuL ln
8LSLnCL Cl 2 Wl1nLSSLS
WPC MuS1 8L 8LSLn1 uu8lnC A SLA8CP
1) 1he lawful occupanL of Lhe house room or premlses
2) Any member of hls famlly
3) ln Lhelr absence 2 wlLnesses of sufflclenL age and
dlscreLlon resldlng ln Lhe locallLy
SLC1lCn 9 1lML Cl MAklnC 1PL SLA8CP
CLnL8AL 8uLL Lhe warranL musL dlrecL LhaL lL be served ln Lhe day
Llme
LxCL1lCn lL may be served aL any Llme of Lhe day or nlghL lf Lhe
affldavlL asserLs LhaL Lhe properLy ls on Lhe person or ln Lhe place
ordered Lo be searched
SLC1lCn 10 vALlul1? Cl 1PL SLA8CP WA88An1
vALlul1? Cl 1PL SLA8CP WA88An1
1) A search warranL shall be valld for 10 days from lLs daLe
2) 1hereafLer lL shall be vold
SLC1lCn 11 8LCLl1 Cl 1PL 8CL81? SLlZLu
1) Pe musL glve a deLalled recelpL for Lhe properLy selzed
2) 1he recelpL
O MusL be glven Lo Lhe lawful occupanL of Lhe
premlses ln whose presence Lhe search and
selzure were made
O ln Lhe absence of such occupanL musL be lefL ln
Lhe place ln whlch Lhe selzed properLy ls found
Lhe presence of aL leasL 2 wlLnesses of sufflclenL
age and dlscreLlon resldlng ln Lhe same locallLy
SLC1lCn 12 uLLlvL8? Cl 1PL 8CL81? Anu lnvLn1C8?
1PL8Cl 1C CCu81 8L1u8n Anu 8CCLLulnCS 1PL8LCn
SLC1lCn 13 SLA8CP lnCluLn1AL 1C LAWluL A88LS1
1) WhaL may be done Lo a person lawfully arresLed
O Pe may be searched wlLhouL a search warranL
2) WhaL he may be search for
O uangerous weapons
O AnyLhlng whlch may have been used or
consLlLuLe proof ln Lhe commlsslon of an offense
SLC1lCn 14 MC1lCn 1C CuASP A WA88An1 C8 Su8LSS
LvluLnCL
1) lf a crlmlnal acLlon has already been lnsLlLuLed
O lL may be flled ln and acLed upon only by Lhe
courL where Lhe acLlon has been lnsLlLuLed
2) lf no crlmlnal acLlon has been lnsLlLuLed
O 1he moLlon may be flled ln and resolved by Lhe
courL LhaL lssued Lhe search warranL
3) Powever lf such courL falled Lo resolve Lhe moLlon and a
crlmlnal case ls subsequenLly flled ln anoLher courL
O 1he moLlon shall be resolved by Lhe laLLer courL