Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 70
Human Rights Violations Committed by the Syrian Regime 15 March - 15 October LCC Media

Human Rights Violations Committed by the Syrian Regime

15 March - 15 October

LCC Media Office

11/7/2011

Some of the most prominent violations committed by the Syrian Regime in the period between 15 March and 15 October 2011

Contents

Preface

4

March 2011

6

Damascus

6

Daraa

6

April 2011

8

Daraa

8

Homs

10

Storming of Talbeiseh and Rastan

10

Banyas and the events of Bayda

11

Jableh

11

Damascus and its suburbs

11

Increase in arrests and torture

12

May 2011

15

The siege on Talbeiseh and Rastan continues

15

Mass graves in Daraa

15

Besieging and invading Banyas

16

Damascus and its suburbs

16

Hama

16

Daraa

16

Crimes against humanity in Talkalakh

17

Idlib

18

Aleppo

18

Brutal Torture of Detainees

19

June 2011

21

Homs

21

Damascus

21

Hama

21

Lattakia

22

Idlib

22

Daraa

22

Damascus and its suburbs

23

Homs

24

July 2011

26

Homs

26

Hama

27

Damascus and its suburbs

28

Deir Ezzor

30

Homs

30

Lattakia

30

August 2011

32

Hama

32

Lattakia

32

Homs

33

Damascus and its suburbs

34

Daraa

34

Detainees

35

September 2011

38

Homs

38

Damascus suburbs

38

1-15 October 2011

40

Homs

40

Qamishli

40

Special Cases

42

Taking revenge on the families of activists and defected soldiers

42

Taking revenge on the family of the lieutenant colonel Hussein Harmoush

42

Targeting doctors and medical personnel

42

Death during detention

44

Bibliography

70

Preface

A few weeks after the collapse of the Egyptian regime, under pressure of popular

revolt, it became obvious that history is being written in the region. These changes came in ways that did not align with the intentions of the regional aging authoritarian regimes that maintained their power and corrupted their countriesat

the expense of their own people and their basic rights to a dignified life.

Despite the long years of oppression, it was obvious that many other countries were not far from this tide of change, and demonstrations spread to include other countries such as Libya, Yemen, Bahrain, and Syria. Those demonstrations took on various forms, as did the response of the respective oppressive regimes.

An oppressive regime such as that of Syria has always treated the country as personal property. This was obvious in the year 2000, when power was inherited by the son from the father, yet the same violent, oppressive methods continued to rob the Syrian people, prevent them from living in dignity, and prohibit them from participating in shaping the fate of their country.

The essence of such a regime was to work ensure, by all means possible, that all potential solutions to the developing crisis in Syria were eliminated. In this manner, the regime made itself the only viable solution and possible replacement for itself.

It was only natural for such a regime to lack the ability to adapt to change, and it was

incapable of finding practical ways out of the crisis that tired the Syrian people and dried up their resources.

The demonstrations, which started concurrently in several Syrian cities in mid- March, have posed a serious challenge to the regime, and have shown a firm disobedience in the face of a power that was always portrayed as absolute. Thus came the decision from the regime to face the peaceful demonstrations with unprecedented brutality.

The regime started by using their famous sill-reputed Security Forces, which have a long history of criminal behavior. They clashed with the unarmed Syrian people, carrying out wide range of random civilian arrests regardless of the age and gender

of the detainees. Even children were not spared from the brutal torture in detention

basements; many children were returned to their families as unidentified, faceless

bodies.

The regime has resorted to using live bullets from day one, and has also used military helicopters to open fire on demonstrators in the city of Daraa, the birth place of all Syrian Revolution demonstrations. All this has occurred in the midst of media blackouts, where international and independent media, as well as human rights organizations, have been denied entry into Syria to document and witness the

daily-committed violations, because a killer does not bring witnesses to his crime scene.

When demonstrations spread across the nation, when every new funeral turned to an angry demonstration, and when every demonstrator became a potential martyr, the regime participated in raising the demands of the people to reach the downfall of the entire regime with all its people and symbols. The regime has driven the country and themselves to the point of no return, and their remaining in power is now considered a grave danger to the lives of the Syrians as well as to the future of the nation and the region as a whole.

The oppressive regime in Syria used all its military and security forces against their unarmed people, waging open war on the crowds of peaceful demonstrators. In some documented cases, the regime used military equipment such as helicopters, armored sea vessels, and military tanks, to bomb residential neighborhoods in many cities. This is in addition to using internationally banned weapons, such as poison gas and expanding bullets, to disperse peaceful demonstrators.

Many public venues, such as cinemas, stadiums, and theaters, were turned into detention centers in which systematic brutal torture occurred, resulting in many death-under-torture cases. In addition, there have been several forced disappearance of citizens who were kidnapped for months, and disappeared completely thereafter.

There are many documented cases of hospitals that were invaded to prevent treating the wounded; in some cases, the wounded were detained or even killed.

All of the above happened during seven months of an almost complete international silence, save a few shy statements by the international community that did not reach the point of condemning those documented cases as crimes against humanity.

It is unacceptable for the Arab nations, the Arab League, and the United Nations and their organizations to remain on an undecided weak stance. They have not been able, so far, to adopt one serious and strong move to stop the instruments of this regime from committing more crimes and violations against the peaceful people who are merely demanding their basic rights.

This hesitance and the lack of a conclusive stance is sending very negative signs to the Syrian people, who are starting to consider this indirect participation in the ongoing assault against. This also gives the regime the leeway to continue its nihilistic approach, and provides incentives to similar regimes in the world to commit atrocities against their own people and remain unaccountable.

We now bring this file before you and expect a serious and firm stance that acknowledges that the Syrian people are fellow humans and should treated as such; and decisive action that corresponds with the substance and basis of international law, as well as the concepts of international human rights.

March 2011

Damascus

On March 15, in response to successive calls on Facebook, the the social networking site, dozens participated in a demonstration in downtown Damascus, calling for freedom. A demonstration started from in front of the Umayyad Mosque, passed through Hamidieh Market, and headed towards Hariqa. Security forces forcefully dispersed the demonstration and detained three young men and a young woman who were participating in the protest.

men and a young woman who were participating in the protest. The next day, dozens of

The next day, dozens of activists and families of the detained participated in a peaceful sit-in front of the headquarters of the Interior Ministry in Damascus to demand the release of prisoners of conscience and political prisoners in Syria. Security forces that were present suddenly violently attacked the sit-in and arrested more than 25 people, after they had been severely beaten by security forces and armed gangs (shabiha). Among them were the opposition figure Suheir Atassi, activist Dana Jawabra, and the intellectual Tayyeb Tizini.

Daraa

On March 18, demonstrations came out in the city of Daraa. As background, several children had been arrested after they wrote anti-Assad slogans on their school walls. Security forces opened fire on demonstrators in the city of Daraa, killing several of them. This instigated demonstrations over the following days, all met by repeated campaign of firing live bullets to quell demonstrations. Soon, the demonstrations spread to several cities in Syria, and all were met by the same violence.

The situation escalated when security forces targeted the Omari Mosque in Daraa, where the demonstrations started and which became a field hospital for those wounded by security forces’ bullets and gas bombs. On March 23, 58 people died during the invasion, which is documented. Here are some videos exposing the evidence of the Omari massacre.

are some videos exposing the evidence of the Omari massacre. On March 25, demonstrators took to

On March 25, demonstrators took to the streets in the city of Sanamayn when security forces opened random fire; this led to many deaths and wounded. The next day, when families went to the funerals of the martyrs, security forces opened fire on them yet again. This led to more deaths of martyrs. The number of people killed in those two days was 13.

The following video shows some of the victims

The following video shows some of the victims Lattakia Security forces fired bullets at peaceful demonstrators

Lattakia Security forces fired bullets at peaceful demonstrators in the city of Lattakia and killed 22 people. This video shows one martyr of Lattakia who was killed by security bullets during a peaceful demonstration.

killed by security bullets during a peaceful demonstration. This section of a clip shows one of

This section of a clip shows one of the martyrs of Lattakia, who was shot by security forces during a peaceful demonstration

was shot by security forces during a peaceful demonstration By the end of March, the number

By the end of March, the number of martyrs reached 119, including only five soldiers. The remainders of those killed were civilians, the majority of whom were killed in the city. They include six children, four of whom were from Hama and two from Lattakia.

Martyrs of March 2011

Homs, 3

Hasakeh, Idlib, 1 1 Lattakia, 22 Daraa, 92
Hasakeh, Idlib, 1 1
Lattakia,
22
Daraa, 92

Hundreds were arrested from several cities that witnessed peaceful demonstrations. The following is a list of more than four hundred detainees from the mentioned period, which is reflected in the list via this link

April 2011

The wave of violence by security forces and the Syrian army escalated against peaceful demonstrators with the expansion of these demonstrations and their spread throughout most of the country. The month of April witnessed a massive rise in the number of those killed and wounded by security forces’ gunfire.

Daraa

On April 1, the people of Daraa attempted to stage a sit-in front of the governor’s house in Daraa Al-Mahata, after many had been martyred in the past days. The security forces opened random fire on the people. As a result, many were wounded and martyred.

One of those wounded in Daraa on the first of April:

One of those wounded in Daraa on the first of April: On the same date, security

On the same date, security forces opened fire on demonstrators in the town of Inkhil in Daraa. Many were wounded as a result.

the town of Inkhil in Daraa. Many were wounded as a result. Successive security operations in

Successive security operations in the city of Daraa were aimed at suppressing the peaceful protests. Dozens were killed and hundreds arrested. Even medical staff were targeted. This video shows the targeting of an ambulance resulting in the death of one of the emergency responders on 8-4-2011

in the death of one of the emergency responders on 8-4-2011 The followin g clip shows

The following clip shows some of those martyred on this day:

followin g clip shows some of those martyred on this day: Here are some of the
followin g clip shows some of those martyred on this day: Here are some of the

Here are some of the martyrs from the city of Izraa on Good Friday 22-4-2011:

the martyrs from the city of Izraa on Good Friday 22-4-2011: Mart y rdom of the

Martyrdom of the young man in the town of Nu'aima in the city of Daraa 24-4-2011:

in the town of Nu'aima in the city of Daraa 24-4-2011: The martyr Bilal Shawha in

The martyr Bilal Shawha in the town of Izraa, Daraa 22-4-2011:

Nu'aima in the city of Daraa 24-4-2011: The martyr Bilal Shawha in the town of Izraa,

The martyr Amjad Awad Al-Hussein, 22, was a student at Damascus University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, and a resident of the city of Sheikh Miskeen. He was martyred on 23-4-2011.

of the city of Sheikh Miskeen. He was martyred on 23-4-2011. On April 25, the Syrian

On April 25, the Syrian army raided the city of Daraa and was reinforced by tanks and machinery. Water, electricity, telephone lines, and the Internet were cut off from the city. The raid resulted in the death of 25 people.

Army forces also destroyed the water tank in the city the day after the raid. Security enhancements and new military forces entered the city the next day. Bread and medicine were forbidden from entering the city, as per the provisions of the siege, resulting in the worsening of the humanitarian situation there.

Hamza Al-Bakr, a guard at the Industrial Bank in Daraa, was shot dead in Daraa and then was burned inside one of the shops on 26-4-2011.

and then was burned inside one of the shops on 26-4-2011. On the 28 th of

On the 28 th of the same month, Daraa was bombarded with a barrage of shells and flames, which could be seen from 15 km away. Snipers were deployed on rooftops and fired at those who tried to save injured people in the streets or attempted to obtain food or medicine for their families.

On April 29, the army and security forces committed the Massacre of Saida Bridge. They randomly opened fire at thousands of protesters who came from towns surrounding the city of Daraa. They brought with them milk and bread to break the siege.

The following video clips show clearly how security forces and the army began firing at the peaceful demonstrators.

and the army began firin g at the peaceful demonstrators. The martyr Abdel Muhsin Shehada Awad
and the army began firin g at the peaceful demonstrators. The martyr Abdel Muhsin Shehada Awad

The martyr Abdel Muhsin Shehada Awad Abazeid, who was 83 years old:

Abdel Muhsin Shehada Awad Abazeid, who was 83 years old: The number of victims of this

The number of victims of this massacre reached at least 91; this is the number of verified names. In addition, hundreds of people were arrested, many of whom are still detained. Others were killed and tortured and their bodies were handed over to their families at a later time.

"The Syrian government is collectively punishing the residents of Daraa because some demonstrators from the town dared protest against it. It would appear that the government has a lot to hide, because it's refusing to let Daraa residents out or independent observers in." Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch (1)

Homs

On April 1, the residents of Homs went out and chanted peacefully for the fall of the regime, at which point security forced opened fire directly at demonstrators, resulting in nine martyrs. Among the martyrs were two women. The following video shows some of the injured.

two women. The following video shows some of the injured. On the April 18, security forces

On the April 18, security forces killed eleven people in Bab Sebaa'. Their funerals were conducted on the following day. Thousands of mourners attended the funeral, their lines reaching the Clock Plaza, where tens of thousands aimed to stage a peaceful sit-in. After midnight, army officers fired indiscriminately on demonstrators, leading to the death and wounding of dozens in the massacre now known as the Massacre of the Clock (Plaza).

the massacre now known as the Massacre of the Clock (Plaza). In the city of Hawla,

In the city of Hawla, on April 12, security forces opened fire on demonstrators, resulting in the fall of nine martyrs.

on demonstrators, resulting in the fall of nine martyrs. Storming of Talbeiseh and Rastan On April

Storming of Talbeiseh and Rastan

On April 16, several demonstrators staged a sit-in in one of the public squares in the city of Talbeiseh. Security forces, however, attacked and fired at them, resulting in the fall of several martyrs and wounded.

The next day, military reinforcements arrived, accompanied by security forces, armed military vehicles, and heavy weaponry. The city that had held funerals for its martyrs the day before was besieged. Security forces, again, opened fire on mourners, leading to a number of dead and wounded.

On April 29, a demonstration took place in Talbeiseh and Rastan. On that same day, dozens of Baath Party officials in Rastan announced their resignation, which indicated a big challenge to the regime. The regime responded by meeting peaceful demonstrators with even more force and violence, opening fire on them yet again; this resulted in more death and injuries.

During the month of April, the number of martyrs in Talbeiseh and Rastan reached 47.

Banyas and the events of Bayda

On April 9, more than 5,000 security forces, military personnel, and armed gangs (shabiha), raided the town of Bayda and Banyas. Most of the young men of the city were arrested and tortured in an animalistic manner, as shown in the following clips.

in an animalistic manner, as shown in the following clips. On April 10, 33 martyrs fell

On April 10, 33 martyrs fell in Banyas due to security forces’ and armed thugs’ (shabiha) gunfire during their raid of the city.

Jableh

On April 14, security forces fired randomly at mourners in a funeral in the city, resulting in the fall of 19 martyrs, whose names are confirmed.

Damascus and its suburbs

Raids in the city of Douma and the Damascus suburbs, which were among the first to go out in mass demonstrations, resulted in the death of dozens by security forcesbullets. Likewise, there were raids in the cities of Darayya, Mo'adamya in the suburbs, and Barzeh in Damascus, in an attempt to contain the spread of demonstrations and the demand for the departure of the regime, which resulted in hundreds of deaths and thousands of detainees.

Among the martyrs of the massacre of Douma on April 3:

Among the martyrs of the massacre of Douma on April 3: The following video shows one

The following video shows one of the martyrs of Mo'adamya, Mouhideen Damrani, who was killed by a security force bullet on April 5.

who was killed by a security force bullet on April 5. On April 22, the martyr

On April 22, the martyr Mo'ataz Sha'ar, 22, went out after the demonstration of Hassan Mosque. After he returned to his residence in Darayya, Damascus, he joined a demonstration there. Bullets and tear gas were dispersed, and he was hit by two bullets. When his father attempted to save him, security forces stopped them at a checkpoint and tortured the father as the son bled. The martyr’s two siblings, who were children, were also arrested.

The following link contains an image of the martyr and his father, with obvious signs of torture on the father’s body.

Also on April 22, a young child was martyred due to a bullet to the

Also on April 22, a young child was martyred due to a bullet to the eye in the region of Barzeh in Damascus.

to a bullet to the eye in the region of Barzeh in Damascus. Increase in arrests

Increase in arrests and torture

There was an increase in random arrests in various cities that were experiencing demonstrations. There were frequent reports of detainees being subjected to various forms of torture.

"Alkarama has received confirmation from Syria that 716 people were arrested during protests between 9 April and 2 May 2011. While Alkarama has alerted the UN human rights procedures of this staggering figure, Syrian NGOs claim that the total number of arrests is closer to a thousand, since protests began in mid-March 2011." Alkarama report 6-5-2011 (2)

The following video clips show the security forces’ machinery torturing children arrested in the city of Douma during April 2011.

children arrested in the city of Douma during April 2011. "Syrian security and intelligence services have
children arrested in the city of Douma during April 2011. "Syrian security and intelligence services have

"Syrian security and intelligence services have arbitrarily detained hundreds of protesters across the country, subjecting them to torture and ill-treatment, since anti- government demonstrations began in mid-March 2011, Human Rights Watch said today." "Many of those interviewed shortly after their release still had traces of bruises on their faces and heads. One, a 17-year-old, could hardly move - he needed assistance sitting down and standing up. Human Rights Watch reviewed video footage showing evidence of severe beatings on the face and arms of another child, described in the footage as a 12-year-old from Douma, a town near Damascus." Joe Stork, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch (3)

deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch (3) Evidence of torture of released detainees arrested
deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch (3) Evidence of torture of released detainees arrested

Evidence of torture of released detainees arrested in Banyas in April 2011

The testimony of one of the doctors who treated some victims in one of Banyas hospitals:

Today, we got around 30 cases of newly released detainees, most of whom had various types of injuries, grave bruises, broken ribs, psychological trauma, broken hands, broken legs, and many attempts to break the collar bone of the patients. I have to underline here that whoever was beating them is experienced enough to hurt the patient and induce pain without killing him. There are double fractures in the arms, one case of a broken skull, cases of throwing up and loss of balance. This requires an MRI scan to diagnose and treat, but there is no MRI machine in the hospital. There are bruises all over the patients’ bodies, especially the chest and the back, swollen eyes and bleeding under the eye. There are traces of sexual assault and sodomizing patients with sticks. Psychological traumas are common, especially when there is an intentional insult for patients’ beliefs. Patients were asked: “who is your god” and are forced to answer: Bashar Assad (Syrian president) is my god. Local Coordination Committees in Syria (4)

"Syrian security forces in at least two towns prevented medical personnel and others from reaching wounded protesters on April 8, 2011, and prevented injured protesters from accessing hospitals, Human Rights Watch said." Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch (5)

This video shows abusing the body of one of the martyrs on the hands of security forces and their thugs (shabiha):

on the hands of security forces and their thugs (shabiha): On 29 April 2011, Human Rights

On 29 April 2011, Human Rights Council, in its exceptional 16 th meeting and in statement Number S-16/1, condemned the Syrian regime’s use of excessive force against peaceful demonstrators. The council called for the regime for an immediate stop to all forms of violations and demanded that a fact-finding committee is urgently sent to Syria to investigate those violations. Human Rights Council report S-16/1 dated 29-4-2011 (6)

The martyrs of the month of April reached 687 martyrs documented by name; among them are 126 military soldiers and 29 children in Daraa, Homs, Damascus suburbs, and Damascus; and six women.

Martyrs of April 2011

Raqqa, 6 Hama, 29 Aleppo, Hasakeh, 12 6 Deir Ezzor, 10 Swaida, 3 Tartous, 46
Raqqa, 6
Hama, 29 Aleppo, Hasakeh, 12 6
Deir Ezzor, 10
Swaida, 3
Tartous, 46
Daraa, 238
Lattakia, 62
Idlib, 6
Damascus & its
suburbs, 123
Homs, 145

The Human Rights Violations Documenting Center in Syria has recorded 1,528 cases of detention in April 2011. All victims have been documented and their names verified. The center also stressed that the real number is much higher.

May 2011

The siege on Talbeiseh and Rastan continues

While huge demonstrations in Talbeiseh and Al Rastan continued everyday, they reached an all-time high in the Humata Dyar Friday on May 27. The regime sent huge military reinforcements to besiege the two cities with tanks and heavy machinery, accompanied by a complete electricity blackout and water cutoff.

This did not stop the people from demonstrating and calling for the downfall of the regime, which led security and army forces open live fire on these demonstrations, causing numerous casualties and leaving many wounded.

The following few days witnessed heavy artillery shelling of Talbeiseh, destroying large parts of the city and leaving dozens wounded and injured.

Mass graves in Daraa

The siege on Daraa continued under security and army forcespresence. This was accompanied by a complete communication blackout and arrest campaigns in which city schools were turned into detention centers.

This went on until May 4, when the army started withdrawing their tanks and vehicles from the city while security checkpoints remained and the siege continued.

while security checkpoints remained and the siege continued. Three mass graves were found in Daraa on

Three mass graves were found in Daraa on May 16; many of the discovered bodies bore the signs of brutal torture. These bodies belonged to people who were detained by security forces during the siege that was imposed on the city of Daraa.

One of these graves had the bodies of a full family: Abdulrazzak Abazeid, and his four children: Samir, Samer, Suleiman, and Mohammad.

of a full family: Abdulrazzak Abazeid, and his four children: Samir, Samer, Suleiman, and Mohammad. Page

Besieging and invading Banyas

The siege on Banyas, the coastal city, started around the beginning of May, when security forces completely surrounded the city and closed its northern and southern entrances. At the same time, other troops entered the city to control the center, especially the main market area.

On May 7, the real invasion of the city began; security forces and the army performed a search campaign and arrested hundreds.

A nighttime demonstration of 150 women started, denouncing the siege campaign. Security forces opened fire on the women in the demonstration, killing 3 of them, as shown in the following video footage:

killing 3 of them, as shown in the following video footage: The security operation lasted for

The security operation lasted for several days and was accompanied by a complete electricity blackout and water cutoff. Services were restored around May 11.

Damascus and its suburbs

On May 9, the city of Mo'adamya in the Damascus suburbs was invaded after a complete cutoff of power and cellular communications. Security and army checkpoints were installed amid heavy and random gunfire.

On May 20, Saqba city was invaded by security forces and thugs (shabiha). Cars and stores were vandalized and hundreds of civilians were detained

were vandalized and hundreds of civilians were detained Hama On May 20, Omran Aldweik was participating

Hama

On May 20, Omran Aldweik was participating in a peaceful demonstration in the city of Hama when security forces opened fire and he was shot in the leg. He fell to the ground in front of the Asfour Restaurant on Asi Square Street in the Hader area. Security forces, some in civilian clothing and others in full uniform, started beating him brutally until he died at their hands.

This video shoes how he was beaten and how he died:

hands. This video shoes how he was beaten and how he died: Daraa On April 29,

Daraa

On April 29, Hamza Al-Khateeb (13 years old) was arrested at an army checkpoint near Daraa, along with hundreds of others, as he was returning from Al-Jiza in an attempt to break the siege on Daraa.

Security forces arrested him, along with others. All traces of Hamza vanished until May 25,when his body, bearing the signs of brutal torture and abuse, was returned to his parents.His genitals were also mutilated, as shown in this video:

genitals were also mutilated, as shown in this video: Crimes against humanity in Talkalakh On May

Crimes against humanity in Talkalakh

On May 14, security forces and the army started a security operation in the city of Tal Kalakh near the Lebanese border after demonstrations calling for the downfall of the Syrian regime. This security operation lasted for a week and resulted in dozens of casualties. Thousands have been detained and displaced.

"The brutal methods used in a devastating Syrian security operation in the western town of Tell Kalakh may constitute crimes against humanity, Amnesty International said today in a new report."

Amnesty International report 6-7-2011 (7) Amnesty Document: "Crackdown in Syria: Terror in Tell Kalakh" (8)

During this operation, dozens of martyrs fell. 35 names are documented so far. Hundreds of men, young and old, were detained and brutally tortured, which led to the death of more than 9 people in detention. Eight of those were shot they were activists in demonstrations.

They were wounded when they were ordered out from one of the homes, then soldiers took them away. Their families were called two weeks later to go to the closest military hospital and identify the bodies of the eight men.

Amnesty International’s report stated that a medical examiner who works with the organization analyzed the photo of one of the men, Abdulrahman Abu Labdeh, and concluded that the man was injured severely in the face, shoulders, and neck while he was still alive.

Some of the family members of these men said they were forced to sign a document that says that armed gangs killed their relatives.

"The arrests started during the latest demonstrations on what was named "Freedom Friday" on 13 May 2011. Subsequently, the army greatly increased its presence, until it had one division and one regiment at hand, which equals about 244 military vehicles, including tanks, armored personnel carriers, etc. Also, various supporting forces from the Military Security, the Political Security, the State Security, as well as the Shabeehah were deployed. And while they were all wearing the same military uniform, we managed to distinguish them by the special shoes that the respective forces used." As for the crimes committed by the armed militias under the control of the regime, who came to be known under the name of Al-Shabeehah, two other Syrian refugees, Mr. M.Kh. and Mr. A.J., whom Alkarama met on 18 May 2011, stated that: "These unofficial and irregular forces carry out arrests of civilians, mostly of youth, as well as kill protestors by shooting at them from the roofs of buildings, hospitals and even mosques." They also added that the Shabeehah are also responsible for "the destruction and theft of people's property, such as their jewelry", as well as for "pursuing and chasing those who were about to flee to north Lebanon, in order to prevent them from reaching the Lebanese-Syrian border, fearing that otherwise the truth of what is happening would be revealed.""

Alkarama report 8-7-2011 (9)

Idlib

On May 20, a massive demonstration of 10,000 people left Binnesh towards Idlib. Just before the demonstration reached the city, security forces and shabiha opened fire on demonstrators, leaving more than 50 dead and dozens wounded.

Aleppo

At the end of May, Dr. Sakhr Hallak from the city of Aleppo was assassinated. Dr. Hallak had visited the United States in April to attend a medical conference; he was arrested on May 25on his way home from his Aleppo clinic.

The next morning, he telephoned a friend to tell him that he was being held at a security branch to be interrogated about his visit to the United States, that he was in good condition, and that he would be released soon.

This friend visited Dr. Hallak in the security branch after the telephone call and told his family that Dr. Hallak was in good health.

On May 28, Dr. Hallak’s wife called the security forces branch and was told that her husband was on his way home. That night, the office of the medical examiner called the family and told them that they had a body that might belong to Dr. Hallak.

When the body was examined, it became apparent that Dr. Hallak had been subjected to severe torture and had severe head trauma. His eyes and anus were deformed, all his ribs were broken, and there were marks from boots on his body. The cause of death was asphyxia as they could gather from the traces of a rope on

his fingers, probably from trying to untie the rope from his neck. There were also traces of handcuffs on his wrists.

The following day, the body was delivered to the family. Two security service agents stayed with the body the whole time to prevent people from taking pictures of the body or attending the funeral. Only 200 mourners were allowed at the funeral. The body was transported to the cemetery in a security services car and they supervised the burial.

Brutal Torture of Detainees

On May 31, 2001, a “general amnesty” was announced. Hundreds of political prisoners were released later under this amnesty; however, thousands of protesters and activists were kept imprisoned and were subjected to the most brutal kinds of torture. The following videos show the cases of former detainees from Idlib, Hama, and Damascus suburbs in May 2011.

from Idlib, Hama, and Damascus suburbs in May 2011. Kafarnubbul: Bruises and scratches on the leg

Kafarnubbul: Bruises and scratches on the leg and the left foot of one of the former detainees, who was tortured by Syrian security forces on May 5, 2011, from the town of Kafarnubbul, Idlib province, northwest Syria.

the town of Kafarnubbul, Idlib province, northwest Syria. Hama: This video shows torture marks on the

Hama: This video shows torture marks on the bodies of two former detainees from Hama city, May 6, 2011.

bodies of two former detainees from Hama city, May 6, 2011. This video shows torture marks

This video shows torture marks on the bodies of three former detainees from the city of Jisr Shughour, Idlib province, May 15, 2011.

the city of Jisr Shughour, Idlib province, May 15, 2011. This video shows torture marks on

This video shows torture marks on the body of a young man from Mo'adamya, Damascus suburbs, May 9, 2011, after he had been detained in prison for five days.

9, 2011, after he had been detained in prison for five days. On May 30, the

On May 30, the family of fallen hero Amir Qarah Dalli received his body. He died under torture after having been imprisoned on April 17, 2011

Amir Qarah Dalli received his body. He died under torture after having been imprisoned on April

On May 21, the body of the fallen hero Muhammad Masri was delivered. Masri; from Qusair, Homs, was a special-needs person (mental retardation). On May 19, he and his 22-years old brother Omar Masri were detained. Omar saw how his brother was beaten and harassed. Although Masri’s family brought the security police the medical statement that proves that Muhammad suffered from mental retardation, the security police released him as a corpse.

retardation, the security police released him as a corpse. On May 30, the body of victim

On May 30, the body of victim Amir Rakan Qurah Dali was delivered. He had been detained on April 17, and he was killed under torture in Baba Amr, Homs.

April 17, and he was killed under torture in Baba Amr, Homs. The overall number of

The overall number of May’s victims is 517: 75 from the military, 24 children, and 22 women.

Deir Ezzor, 13

Martyrs of April 2011

Banyas, 19 Lattakia, 10 Aleppo, 5 Hasakeh, 4 Raqqa, 3 Idlib, 52 Daraa, 155 Damascus
Banyas, 19
Lattakia, 10
Aleppo, 5
Hasakeh, 4
Raqqa, 3
Idlib, 52
Daraa, 155
Damascus and its
suburbs, 29
Hama, 23
Homs, 203

June 2011

Homs

The siege and shelling of the city of Rastan in Homs province continued, along with house raids and rampant looting of possessions, money, and gold during arrest campaigns that detained more than 1,000 people. On June 2, the road between Al- Rastan and Talbeiseh was blocked; snipers were heavily deployed around the road to prevent any assistance from nearby villages from getting in. A number of critical locations were broken into, namely pharmacies, in order to cut off medical supplies. Grocery stores were emptied of food, while detergents were left untouched. Shabiha and security forces also looted shops and took away the most expensive equipment, loading it onto trucks. In addition, they fired heavily in the neighborhood of the Al- Ashtar family, causing the martyrdom of 5 people.

The number of martyrs in Rastan and Talbeiseh during the month of June was more than 40.

Child and Martyr, Abdullah Juha, in the city of Rastan in Homs on June 18, 2011:

Juha, in the city of Rastan in Homs on June 18, 2011: Damascus On June 2,

Damascus

On June 2, the body of Zaher Ahmed Al-Mubayyed was handed over to his family. He had died under torture. Earlier, on April 28, Al-Mubayyed was arrested at the checkpoint of Darayya-Mo'adamya. The 21-year-old worked in the furniture business. According to his friend, who was with him that day and was not arrested himself; Al-Mubayyed was arrested at the checkpoint because he refused to give them his ID card and his motorcycle [a common means of transportation in Syria]. When his father demanded his release, he was told “Your son needs to be disciplined; we will discipline him and return him to you.”

They did return him, but as a dead body full of the signs of torture. The y

Hama

Massive demonstrations took place in the city of Hama on June 3, dubbed Friday of Freedom’s Children. Security forces and shabiha confronted the demonstrations with heavy and random gunfire, killing and wounding dozens. Besides the more than 10 dead bodies found later, victims were killed and dumped unburied.

The number of martyrs of Hama killed in June, as a result of the massacre committed on the third day of the month, was 68, including 7 children.

The following clips show some of the bodies of the martyrs killed on that day:

show some of the bodies of the martyrs killed on that day: Lattakia On June 10,

Lattakia

On June 10, approximately 20 martyrs were shot dead by security forcesbullets in Al-Raml neighborhood in Lattakia. According to physicians’ testimonies and similar to what can be seen in the following video of one of the martyrs, most of the martyrs were shot in the head with explosive bullets:

of the martyrs were shot in the head with explosive bullets: The body of martyr Ismail

The body of martyr Ismail Milish, in Al-Raml in Lattakia on June 10 th

martyr Ismail Milish, in Al-Raml in Lattakia on June 10 th Idlib On June 11, army

Idlib

On June 11, army and security forces were heavily deployed and spread in the area extending from Ariha to Jisr Shughour. In addition, they besieged Jisr Shughour from the north and the west, fired heavy machineguns, raided homes, destroyed property, and conducted a huge arrest campaign in Ariha. Security forces fired at residents using rifles, killing 10 victims, most of whom were shot in the head. The army fired heavily at, then stormed, the nearby village of Muhambel. Army forces fired indiscriminately at homes, killing the 50-year-old woman Khadija Mohammed Abu Naqra, who was standing on the roof of her house; and critically injuring her daughter Khaldieh AbdulAlim. Homes were searched and damaged, despite the fact that most residents had escaped and had been displaced to Jabal Zawyeh. Of those who remained in the village, about 90 were arrested.

Daraa

15-year-old Thamer Muhammad Al-Shari lived with his family in the city of Al-Jiza in Daraa province in Syria. On April 29, he was arrested under the same circumstances as 13-year-old Hamza Al-Khateeb [Hamza is mentioned before in this report]. Thamer Al-Shari was killed under torture; his body was handed over to his family on June 8.

The following video shows the marks and signs of torture on the body of the child, Thamer Al-Shari:

8. The following video shows the marks and signs of torture on the body of the

Also, during the same month, a leaked video showed dozens of dead bodies of martyrs who were killed by security forcesbullets. The bodies were piled inside large refrigerator cars, to be taken away later.

inside large refrigerator cars, to be taken away later. In addition, a clip showing the martyrs

In addition, a clip showing the martyrs of Al-Karak Mosque in Daraa was leaked. The clip shows the martyrs surrounded by soldiers laughing and throwing weapons around the victims.

soldiers laughing and throwing weapons around the victims. "Alkarama is concerned at the ongoing widespread

"Alkarama is concerned at the ongoing widespread violation of human rights in Syria. On 14 June 2011, we submitted a new communication regarding a further 80 people who have been extra-judicially executed by the security forces, some dying under torture to the Special Rapporteur on Extra-judicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions. Alkarama was also able to collect information regarding three individuals who died under torture, including two minors."

Alkarama report 24-6-2011 (10)

Damascus and its suburbs

On June 17, in the town of Harasta, security forcessnipers shot demonstrators, directly targeting the heads [shoot to kill policy]:

directly targeting the heads [shoot to kill policy]: On June 21, security forces abducted two Syrian

On June 21, security forces abducted two Syrian activists, Hussein Toma and Mahmoud Wanousa, from the town of Hammourieh in the Damascus suburbs. Security forces ran them over while the two activists were riding a motorcycle in the eastern neighborhood of Hammourieh, at a place called Jisr Ghisrin. Security forces then abducted and took them away to an undisclosed location. This came after previous failed attempts to abduct the activists; their homes had been previously raided multiple times but they had not been caught.

On June 23, security forces started shooting at a massive peaceful demonstration in the city of Kesweh in the Damascus suburbs. The gunfire caused the fall of five martyrs, including a 14 year-old child.

the fall of five mart y rs, including a 14 year-old child. On the same day,

On the same day, security forces killed five demonstrators in the Barzeh area of Damascus. One of them was killed in his house when he tried to prevent shabiha from breaking into his house, fearing that they would smash and loot it. In addition, about 20 people were injured from heavy shooting by security, which also

surrounded Tishreen Hospital in Barzeh so that they could arrest the wounded. The number of detainees exceeded 100, and they were transported in buses previously prepared for this purpose. Security forces also fired more than 50 teargas grenades, and smashed more than 40 civilian cars in addition to storefronts.

more than 40 civilian cars in addition to storefronts. This video also shows security forces and

This video also shows security forces and shabiha attacking private and public properties, especially in Barzeh area in Damascus:

public properties, especially in Barzeh area in Damascus: This video shows dozens of units brutally beating

This video shows dozens of units brutally beating a number of demonstrations’ detainees in the Barzeh area of Damascus; the beatings led to the death of one on June 24.

Damascus; the beatings led to the death of one on June 24. Homs On June 24,

Homs

On June 24, a military security detachment started shooting at a massive demonstration in Qusair in Homs. This led to the deaths of four people and injury of 10 others, including a 10-year-old child. The wounded were rushed to the National Hospital. Not long after they arrived at the hospital, security attacked it to kidnap the wounded but people surrounded the hospital to protect it. They also surrounded the security detachment to be able to transport the wounded to Lebanon. During the transport of the martyrs, a security checkpoint, which included security and Air Intelligence personnel, started shooting at the ambulance heading to Lebanon.

This video shows the security forces’ and shabiha’s process of humiliating and torturing citizens in Baba Amr in Homs.

of humiliating and torturing citizens in Baba Amr in Homs. The number of martyrs in June

The number of martyrs in June reached 441 including 161 military, 24 female and male children, and 9 women.

Martyrs of June 2011

Daraa, 14

Deir Ezzor, 13 Homs, 73 Idlib, 143 Hama, 68 Lattakia, 36 Tartous, 4 Damascus and
Deir Ezzor, 13
Homs, 73
Idlib, 143
Hama, 68
Lattakia,
36
Tartous, 4
Damascus and
its suburbs, 27

July 2011

Homs

Military forces stormed Homs on the July 17, and began a campaign of raiding houses, arbitrarily arresting people, and indiscriminately shooting at protestors. These activities led to many martyrs and wounded, as well as shooting at mourners at funerals of those who were killed in the next few days. Moreover, they shelled the neighborhoods of Bab Sebaa', Qusoor, Muraijeh, Adawyeh and Fakhoura. During this month the number of martyrs was 67 in this city only.

this month the number of martyrs was 67 in this city only. The month of July

The month of July also witnessed the assassination of many leading activists in Homs:

On July 1, Diaa' Ramez Al-Najjar, 17, was killed at the Qadmous security checkpoint while he was trying to save some of his wounded friends in the area. He was first shot in the foot, then executed by security forces.

On July 8, Hadi Al-Jundi (born in 1989) was also assassinated. He was one of the prominent activists who first led and organized demonstrations in the neighborhoods of Dablan, Ghouta, Hamra, and Mala'ab Street. Hadi was targeted by a sniper (believed to be positioned on the roof of the National Hospital) while he was walking in a safe street.

On July 10, Khalid Al-Afnan was also assassinated. He was one of the prominent leaders of demonstrations in the neighborhoods of Deir Ba'albeh and Bayyada and he occupied a prestigious position in his family. He was targeted and killed while he was driving his car back home; he was accompanied by his daughter. There was no demonstration or any kind of protest in the street at the time.

On July 17, several burned bodies of people kidnapped by security forces were found.

bodies of people kidnapped by security forces were found. This video shows members of military security

This video shows members of military security assaulting the Imam of Al-Jilani mosque in the neighborhood of Baba Amr in Homs (July 24): street at the time. On July 17, several burned bodies of people kidnapped by security forces

And this video shows an old lady who was shot by the Syrian army in Rastan, Homs, on August 23:

shot by the Syrian army in Rastan, Homs, on Au g ust 23: And a video

And a video showing security forces shooting at the mourners of one of the martyrs

in Homs, Khaldieh, on July 19:

of one of the martyrs in Homs, Khaldieh, on July 19: Hama On July 2, the

Hama

On July 2, the shabiha and security forces stormed the city of Hama. They attacked homes, established checkpoints, and paralyzed and cordoned off the city following one month of peaceful demonstrations that had been attended by hundreds of thousands. These demonstrations were the largest of their kind in the country. The campaign continued for several days. As a result, dozens died or were injured, hundreds were arbitrarily detained, and dozens of families took refuge in Damascus and Salamiyeh. Over the following days, the city saw waves of security forces operations that involved random shooting, arbitrary detention, and home raid campaigns. All the while, the peaceful demonstrations continued.

Massive demonstration in Asi square, Hama, on July 1:

Massive demonstration in Asi square, Hama, on July 1: "Hama is the latest city to fall

"Hama is the latest city to fall victim to President Bashar al-Asad's security forces despite his promises that his government would tolerate peaceful protests, security forces have responded to protests with the brutality that's become familiar over the past several months." Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch (11)

Security forces stormed the city again on July 31:

(11) Security forces stormed the city again on July 31: A video segment showing the dead

A video segment showing the dead body of Ghadeer Al-Jalta, 5, killed by security

forcesgunfire in Hama on July 31:

killed by security forces ’ gunfire in Hama on July 31: Another clip showing the body

Another clip showing the body of a victim of the shelling on Hama on July 31:

gunfire in Hama on July 31: Another clip showing the body of a victim of the
gunfire in Hama on July 31: Another clip showing the body of a victim of the

The number of martyrs in the city reached 103 during the month of July.

Damascus and its suburbs

On July 7, the town of Dumair was stormed by more than 5,000 soldiers and 40 armored vehicles, including tanks. Immediately upon their arrival, they established checkpoints, blocked roads, positioned snipers and machine guns in high posts, and prohibited public- and private-sector employees from going to work. At nine o'clock, Major General Jamil Al-Hasan, Brigadier General Mohammad Rahmoun of the Air Force Intelligence, and a Colonel who is the Operations Commander of the 55 th Brigade of the Fourth Division. They asked the elders of the town to meet at the municipal center. They said words to the effect of: (we want all those who have demonstrated, otherwise you will see woe). The elders attempted to calm things down but the response was that this is not an option, and that if the residents gather in a demonstration ever again they will be killed. They were warned to "keep the kids and those you love away from demonstrating because orders to kill are issued."

The security cordon was extended around the town by about 2 kilometers. No one was able to get in or out. Hundreds of the town residents were arbitrarily detained. The next day, fewer army forces were deployed again, without armored vehicles. The rest of these vehicles remained at the military housing units on the outskirts of the city.

During the same month, multiple other campaigns were undertaken. The army and security forces carried out shootings, took on arbitrary detention and break-in campaigns, established military and security checkpoints, and stormed several towns.

Examples include events in Zabadani and Kanaker on July 27. Each campaign ended with the detention of hundreds of citizens and the injury of dozens of others. In Kanaker, the army and security forces, backed by tanks and armored vehicles, surrounded the town on July 27. Water, electricity, and land communications were cut. The town was then invaded amid random gunfire, which led to several dead or injured. Hundreds were arbitrarily detained.

On July 26, the army and security forces stormed the town of Qatana with 5,000 troops backed by about 25 tanks, including 18 that belong to the Republican Guard. Seven tanks were stationed atop Ain Al-Sultan hill. Checkpoints were set up around the town’s perimeter and were used to fire directly at anyone who attempted to exit the city. A mother and her 7-month- old infant were fired upon. The child, Ahmad Mohammad Sabboura, died while the mother was shot in the chest and mouth. Al-Hikma hospital was forced to close and was sealed on the pretext of treating the

the chest and mouth. Al-Hikma hospital was forced to close and was sealed on the pretext

Page 28 of 70

wounded without prior approval. Several nurses were detained. The wounded who were prevented from being treated there were then moved to houses, where essential medical care and supplies are lacking. By the time the campaign ended it had resulted in 1,500 detainees. Living conditions were very poor; each family was allowed one bundle of bread (8 loafs) and there was a water shortage.

In Douma, demonstrations that started on July 15 were suppressed using grenades containing metal pellets that pepper the body and penetrate deep into the skin.

that pepper the body and penetrate deep into the skin. In Harasta, the shabiha and security
opened fire and threw nail bombs on July 2 2 n d . In Damascus, firing
on July 15 th . As a result, 12 people fell martyrs . And this video
Damascus on July 1 5 th . It resulted in his death. Army and security forces

Army and security forces troops aiming directly at demonstrators in Qaboon

forces troops aiming directly at demonstrators in Qaboon Martyr Ahmad Al-Khashen Martyr Mohammad Al-Sharbaji:
directly at demonstrators in Qaboon Martyr Ahmad Al-Khashen Martyr Mohammad Al-Sharbaji: Obituary of martyrs on July

Martyr Mohammad Al-Sharbaji:

in Qaboon Martyr Ahmad Al-Khashen Martyr Mohammad Al-Sharbaji: Obituary of martyrs on July 15 : Page

Obituary of martyrs on July 15 :

in Qaboon Martyr Ahmad Al-Khashen Martyr Mohammad Al-Sharbaji: Obituary of martyrs on July 15 : Page

Deir Ezzor

On July 8, Deir Ezzor was stormed.

Deir Ezzor On Jul y 8, Deir Ezzor was stormed. And on July 16 th ,

Homs

Lattakia

The city saw several incidences of firing live ammunition at demonstrations in several areas. The following videos are but two examples of the security forces firing live bullets in the Qunaines neighborhood on July 29.

firing live bullets in the Qunaines neighborhood on July 29. Child martyr Layal Askar, 7 years
firing live bullets in the Qunaines neighborhood on July 29. Child martyr Layal Askar, 7 years

Child martyr Layal Askar, 7 years old, in Daraa city.

29. Child martyr Layal Askar, 7 years old, in Daraa city. During the month of July,

During the month of July, the total number of martyrs was 372, including 44 soldiers, 30 children, and 5 women.

Martyrs of July 2011 Homs, 67 Damascus and its suburbs, 69 Banyas, 7 Hama, 103
Martyrs of July 2011
Homs, 67
Damascus and its
suburbs, 69
Banyas, 7
Hama, 103

August 2011

Hama

The security situation continued to deteriorate in the city of Hama with the storming of the city by army tanks and the continuation of random shooting, as it appears in this video on August 5, 2011.

shooting, as it appears in this video on August 5, 2011. The following video shows bodies

The following video shows bodies of the number of martyrs who were victims of shelling in Hama on August 7:

martyrs who were victims of shellin g in Hama on August 7: This video shows the

This video shows the body of one of the children in Hama on August 19:

shows the body of one of the children in Hama on August 19: Lattakia On August

Lattakia

On August 13, Syrian army forces, supported by heavy machinery and weapons, stormed the Raml Al-Janoby neighborhood. This was accompanied by heavy gunfire at homes and water tanks, and an arrest campaign that affected hundreds of young men. Security forces completely cut off electricity and telecommunications in the area. Bulldozers and other heavy equipment also entered the area and demolished some houses and altered the main roads. The security apparatus also occupied Hurriya (Freedom) Square in the neighborhood, and started shooting at the minaret of the Mohajreen Mosque. A'aedin Camp for Palestinian Refugees; which is a road leading to the square, was stormed, and about 5,000 Palestinians were displaced by force when they were ordered via bullhorn to evacuate their homes.

Within three days of the military operations in the neighborhood, more than 30 martyrs and more than 200 wounded fell (all civilians), including women and a two- and-a-half year-old girl. The neighborhood witnessed heavy displacementsof civilians.

This video shows the camp under random shelling.

civilians. This video shows the camp under random shelling. This video also shows humiliating and torturing

This video also shows humiliating and torturing of the citizens while storming Palestinian Raml camp in Lattakia by a Brigadier in the marines.

torturing of the citizens while storming Palestinian Raml camp in Lattakia by a Brigadier in the

Page 32 of 70

Among the martyrs of Lattakia in August was the child Bara' Mahmoud Qabaro (9 years

Among the martyrs of Lattakia in August was the child Bara' Mahmoud Qabaro (9 years old). She was killed while asleep in her bed at home in the Al-Ashrafeya neighborhood. She was hit by shrapnel of a bomb that was thrown at the house next door; the shrapnel entered her heart and she died instantly.

door; the shrapnel entered her heart and she died instantly. Child martyr Ola Jeblawy was shot

Child martyr Ola Jeblawy was shot in the eye in the Skantory area in Lattakia on August 14, 2011.

eye in the Skantory area in Lattakia on Au g ust 14, 2011. Homs The shelling

Homs

The shelling and killing in the city of Homs and its suburbs continued, and the outcome of the martyrs in August alone in this city were 150 martyrs.

The following video shows some of the martyrs in Baba Amr in Homs on August 5:

shows some of the martyrs in Baba Amr in Homs on August 5: This video shows

This video shows the remains of martyr Hamza Darweesh, who fell due to an armored shell in Bab Sebaa' in Homs on August 5:

to an armored shell in Bab Sebaa' in Homs on August 5: And a video that

And a video that shows the martyrdom of two people in the Baba Amr neighborhood in their house on August 10.

Homs also witnessed, this month, the assassination of the well-known activist Pharmacist Jamal Fatwa in Homs Military Hospital, where he was transferred. He had suffered a fractured skull as a result of being tortured for three days after his arrest by military security On August 2, 2011, from a demonstration in Al-Mala'ab Al-Balady.

2, 2011, from a demonstration in Al-Mala'ab Al-Balady. Damascus and its suburbs And on August 25,

Damascus and its suburbs

And on August 25, security and shabiha units kidnapped world-famous caricature artist Ali Ferzat, brutally beat him, and stole the contents of his personal bag before throwing him on the airport road in Damascus.

And field activist Samer Anwar Al-Hashash, from Irbeen in Damascus suburbs, was assassinated in front of his wife and children while security units stormed the family’s house.

while security units stormed the famil y ’s house. Fahd A'dnan Al-Khija (30 years old) was

Fahd A'dnan Al-Khija (30 years old) was also martyred in Damascus suburbs in Douma, as a result of torture at the state security branch. The martyr was arrested on July 31, 2011 by state security after he was in the Badran printing house in Douma at 4 pm. He was taken to the Al-Khateeb Branch of State Security and suffered from convulsions. His cellmates asked prison guards to rescue him, but they did not respond for 30 minutes. They finally they took him out of the cell for two hours, and then brought him back in the same condition. He died moments later.

him back in the same condition. He died moments later. Ghassan Al-Refae'i was also martyred in

Ghassan Al-Refae'i was also martyred in Qaboon in Damascus; his body, bearing the signs of torture, was thrown in front of his house after he had been was detained for a few days by security.

In the city of Harasta, security forces and shabiha opened fire on peaceful demonstrators in on August 19, 2011; this led to the fall of many martyrs from being shot by security.

led to the fall of many martyrs from being shot by security. Daraa On August 28,

Daraa

On August 28, which was the first day of Eid Al-

the

Fitr,

security

forces

opened

fire

on

demonstrators on Harra town in Daraa, which led to the fall of many wounded and martyrs.

Daraa, which led to the fall of many wounded and mart y rs. In the month

In the month of August the well-known activist Ma'n Al-Odat was assassinated during a shooting at the funeral of martyr Malek Al-Karrad in the city of Daraa

the funeral of martyr Malek Al-Karrad in the city of Daraa Detainees The detainees of this

Detainees

The detainees of this month include 22 lawyers in the city of Raqqa, for participating in a peaceful sit-in at the headquarters of the Lawyer’s Union inside the justice palace in Raqqa, at the invitation of “Syrian Lawyers for Freedom.Approximately 80 students were arrested on August 19 from the University City in Homs, after it was stormed by security forces and shabiha, who beat and tortured the students all accused of participating in the peaceful demonstrations.

The detainees in the month of August 2011 include the well-known activist Ghassan Yaseen, who was arrested on August 18 in the city of Aleppo. It was the second time he had been arrested since the beginning of the revolution.

"At least 88 people are believed to have died in detention in Syria during five months of bloody repression of the country’s pro-reform protests, a new Amnesty International report reveals" Amnesty International Syria researcher Neil Sammonds said:

“These deaths behind bars are reaching massive proportions and appear to be an extension of the same brutal disdain for life that we are seeing daily on the streets of Syria. The accounts of torture we have received are horrific. We believe the Syrian government to be systematically persecuting its own people on a vast scale." Amnesty International report 30-8-2011 (12) Amnesty Document: "Deadly detention: Deaths in custody amid popular protest in Syria" (13)

This new resolution convicts again the regime of Bashar Assad's use of systematic violence against his own people and on a large scale, and the Council establishes under this resolution an independent commission of inquiry mandated to shed light on the human rights situation in Syria, where the committee completes the task of fact- finding mission entrusted the task of investigating human rights violations in Syria following the adoption of resolution S - 16 / 1, in last April. And in the 17 th of August this mission sent to investigate facts, recorded serious violations by the regime of Bashar Al-Assad, including in particular: ill-treatment, enforced disappearances, arbitrary and extrajudicial executions, and torture.

In the wake of what the mission found of results, the Council expressed concern about the seriousness of these violations that amount to crimes against humanity in accordance with the provisions of Article 7 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

Arabic report from Alkarama 23-8-2011 )11( United Nations Human Rights Council resolution S-16/1 (6)

The number of martyrs in the month of August reached 444 martyrs, including 33 military martyrs, 39 children, and 15 women.

Martyrs of Augest 2011 Lattakia, 57 Homs, 150 Hama, 60 Daraa, 40 Idlib, 42 Damascus
Martyrs of Augest 2011
Lattakia, 57
Homs, 150
Hama, 60
Daraa, 40
Idlib, 42
Damascus and
its suburbs, 52
Deir Ezzor, 32

September 2011

Homs

On September 19, security and army forces surrounded Al-Hikma Hospital next to Baba Amr neighborhood, and kidnapped about 20 wounded and sick people. Then they surrounded the streets leading to the neighborhood, shooting randomly at houses and water tanks before raiding neighborhood homes and arresting dozens. Detainees were held in the nearby Al-Basel Stadium, which was transformed into a prison. The operation led to the martyrdom of about 10 civilians and dozens of wounded. All this was accompanied by a complete cutoff of communications, electricity, and water, as well as a severe shortage of food.

In early September, the city of Homs also witnessed the assassination of a number of technical and scientific experts, including the head of thoracic surgery at the National Hospital in Homs, the Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Architecture Engineering for Academic Affairs, and the Dean of the Faculty of Petro Chemistry in Al-Baath University. At the time, the regime tried to accuse the youth of the revolution of committing these assassinations. However, the revolutionary forces strongly denied the charges, and confirmed them as being a regime fabrication similar to those witnessed in the 1980s.

At the end of September, security forces and army stormed the city of Rastan amid random shelling and heavy shooting after cutting off all communications. Security forces and shabiha exhumed martyrs from their graves, arrested hundreds of others, and detained them in a cement factory and schools, which were transformed into prisons. More than 60 people were martyred, and we have been able to document the names of only 36 of them. The military campaign on the city continued until the beginning of October.

Damascus suburbs

On September 11, peace activist Ghiath Matar (26 years old) was martyred as a result of severe torture, five days after he had been arrested by Air Intelligence in the city of Darayya in Damascus suburbs. This video shows the signs of torture on his body: days after he had been arrested by Air Intelligence in the city of Darayya in Damascus

In Douma on September 2, 2011, demonstrators were repressed by live ammunition.

of torture on his body: In Douma on September 2, 2011, demonstrators were repressed by live
of torture on his body: In Douma on September 2, 2011, demonstrators were repressed by live

All of the mosques of the city of Douma were surrounded by security and army in the Friday of “Unity of the Opposition” and snipers were deployed on residential rooftops on September 23, 2011.

were deployed on residential rooftops on September 23, 2011. A small town may have thousands of

A small town may have thousands of people who have completely lost touch since the beginning of the events which took place in Syria. While the most reserved observers estimate that number in the range of 3000 people, others offer a number more than 10,000, but it is established that both parties agree to a massive observed rise in the cases of enforced disappearances the country witnessed in recent months, as a result of violent repression against the civilian people. If just these numbers were troubling, the nature of this widespread systematic practice, which included all parts of Syria, is a source of even a greater concern; where it became that each person to get arrested now, is placed automatically in most cases, in solitary confinement for weeks or months without any contact with the outside world, which increases the anxiety of the families that find themselves completely helpless, especially as the authorities deny the occurrence of these arrests, as well as the fact that the units responsible for these abductions, belong to different and multiple security devices, and not to the judicial police. Arabic report from Alkarama 2-9-2011 )11(

The number of the martyrs in September reached 499, including 69 military martyrs, 41 children, and 18 women.

Martyrs of Septermber 2011

Lattakia, 15 Aleppo, 8 Damascus and its suburbs, 51 Deir Ezzor, 20 Daraa, 20 Hama,
Lattakia,
15 Aleppo, 8
Damascus and
its suburbs, 51
Deir Ezzor, 20
Daraa, 20
Hama, 77
Idlib, 65
Homs, 232

1-15 October 2011

Homs

On October 19, the neighborhoods of Homs had an atmosphere of a real war. The sounds of explosions from rocket-propelled grenades and nail and sound bombs echoed in all the neighborhoods. There was heavy gunfire from different kinds of machineguns, and Dushka and Shilka anti-aircraft, which destroyed several houses in the neighborhoods of Bab Sebaa', Nazeheen, and Karm Al-Zaitoun. These operations resulted in the fall of 9 martyrs and dozens of wounded, many of them in critical condition. Security forces and shabiha prevented ambulances and the Red Crescent from providing emergency treatment to the wounded.

This video shows the destruction that happened in Bab Sebaa' neighborhood, and randomly targeting houses:

Bab Sebaa' neighborhood, and randomly targeting houses: This video shows the effects of the violent shelling

This video shows the effects of the violent shelling of the neighborhoods of Qusoor and Khaldieh in Homs:

of the neighborhoods of Qusoor and Khaldieh in Homs: On October 11, the city of Rastan

On October 11, the city of Rastan was stormed again by the army, which caused the destruction of major parts of the city including Hurriya Square, in which demonstrators used to gather, and a number of mosques:

which demonstrators used to gather, and a number of mosques: Qamishli On October 17, Syrian Kurdish

Qamishli

On October 17, Syrian Kurdish activist and leader of the Kurdish Future Movement, Masha'al Temmo, was assassinated by the Syrian regime’s shabiha. He had survived an assassination attempt the previous month.

He had survived an assassination attempt the previous month. "Syrian protesters in Europe and the Americas
He had survived an assassination attempt the previous month. "Syrian protesters in Europe and the Americas

"Syrian protesters in Europe and the Americas have been systematically monitored and harassed by embassy officials and others believed to be acting on behalf of the Syrian regime, Amnesty International said today in a new briefing paper. 'The Long Reach of the Mukhabaraat' includes cases of more than 30 activists in eight countries - Canada, Chile, France, Germany, Spain, Sweden, the UK and the USA who say that they have faced intimidation from embassy officials and others and that their

relatives in Syria have as a result, in some cases, apparently been exposed to harassment, detention and even torture." Amnesty International report 3-10-2011 (16) Amnesty Document: "The Long Reach of the Mukhabaraat " (17)

"The Syrian people should not have to suffer because of political disagreements about the situation in a different country. Yesterday's veto was nothing short of a betrayal of the Syrian people"

Malcolm Smart, Amnesty International's MENA Director (18)

The number of martyrs in the first two weeks of October reached 278 martyrs, including 94 military martyr, 14 children, and 6 women.

Martyrs in the first half of October 2011

Hasakeh, 11 Idlib, 33 Lattakia, 12 Homs, 108 Aleppo, 15 Hama, 34 Daraa, 13 Deir
Hasakeh, 11
Idlib, 33
Lattakia, 12
Homs, 108
Aleppo, 15
Hama, 34
Daraa, 13
Deir Ezzor, 6
Tartous, 9
Damascus, 32

Special Cases

Taking revenge on the families of activists and defected soldiers

In the last few months, we have seen several cases of revenge being taken on the families of activists involved in the revolution and defected soldiers who refused to shoot at peaceful protestors. Of these:

Taking revenge on the family of the lieutenant colonel Hussein Harmoush

From the village of Ibleen, Jabal Zawyeh, province of Idlib; who defected on June 9, 2011. At first, security forces kidnapped his brother Hasan (33 years old) in June 2011, and nothing is known about him. After that, security forces stormed the house of his elder brother Muhammad (74 years old) and arrested him, his son Ahmed (30 years old), and his son-in-law Muhannad (34 years old) after they shot his wife in the shoulder and leg and kidnapped her as well. A few days later, the dead bodies of Muhammad and Muhannad were returned; they had been tortured to death. The fate of Ahmad and his mother is still unknown.

In addition, last September, security forces kidnapped the cousins of Lieutenant Colonel Hussein Harmoush: Mousa (22 years old) and Hasan (18 years old). The next day Hasan's dead body was returned; he had been executed after being brutally tortured in the Military Security Department in Idlib. A few hours, the dead body of Mousa, who had suffered the same fate, was returned.

Targeting doctors and medical personnel

Frequently, Syrian authorities target medical staff and hospitals as part of their security crackdown tactic for the past few months of the revolution. Nurses and doctors are arrested if they are suspected of treating those wounded at protests. Hospitals and clinics are also raided for being suspected of treating demonstrators.

Treating the wounded before notifying authorities is prohibited, as per public security directives, whether at private or public hospitals. This means an immediate detention [of the wounded] by the security forces regardless of the dangers of their injury and the need for immediate medical attention.

The Human Rights Violations Documentation Center recorded more than 250 cases of doctors and pharmacists being detained from their private clinics, medical centers, and hospitals. Furthermore, several hospitals have been raided, including Fateh Hospital in Kafarbatna and Al-Raja' Hospital in Irbeen.

Hourani Hospital in Hama raided on Aug 15.

in Irbeen. Hourani Hospital in Hama raided on Aug 15. Fateh Hospital in Kafarbatna in Damascus
in Irbeen. Hourani Hospital in Hama raided on Aug 15. Fateh Hospital in Kafarbatna in Damascus

Fateh Hospital in Kafarbatna in Damascus suburbs raided on September 2.

Bab Sebaa Hospital in Homs raided on Oct 19. These strict security measures in the

Bab Sebaa Hospital in Homs raided on Oct 19.

Bab Sebaa Hospital in Homs raided on Oct 19. These strict security measures in the medical

These strict security measures in the medical sector pushes most of the wounded to receive treatment in their homes and with minimal medical capabilities, for fear of being imprisoned[extra judicially] from hospitals or being subjected to targeted assassinations, which many of the wounded have suffered after being arrested in a hospital by security forces.

Among the doctors who have been imprisoned is the young Nezar Madani from Qaboon, Damascus. He was arrested on Sunday for the second time since the beginning of the revolution. It is noteworthy that he had been wanted by the security forces for the three months prior. Additionally, Dr. Asaad Sayeh, from Bab in Aleppo, and Dr. Omar Saryoul, from Douma, in the Damascus suburbs, and the chairperson of the Health Association in Douma, were targeted.

On October 9, Dr. Abdelmunem Hejazi was detained in Kesweh, Damascus suburbs, after his medical office was raided by security forces. On the same day, the well- known Dr. Mohammad Fateh Halawa was imprisoned. He is the executive director of the private Fateh Hospital in Kafarbatna, Damascus suburbs, which had been raided several times since the beginning of the revolution. He was accused of treating wounded demonstrators.

The detention of the psychiatrist Dr. Mohammad Abu Hilal, from Kesweh, has continued since September 26, when he was detained from the medical center where he worked.

The detention of Dr. Al-Qa'qa' Mughir from Deir Ezzor continues since August 23. Dr. Mohammad Sheikh Ibrahim from Lattakia has also been incarcerated for more than five months; he was detained while treating the injured. He was recently referred to the court system, where he has been charged with of “weakening the national sentiment and undermining the prestige of the state.”

Security sweeps on hospitals and medical personnel continue and now include nurses and pharmacists. The latest incident was the imprisonment of the pharmacist Rae'ef Hani Hajjar from Homs a few days ago.

Amnesty International recently issued a report that highlights several cases of attacks on medical personnel and the wounded in hospitals:

Death during detention

The number of people killed in detention is 161, geographically distributed as shown in the chart below.

Killed in detention

Lattakia, 5 Other, 4 Hama, 8 Daraa, 30 Damascus and its suburbs, 23 Idlib, 19
Lattakia, 5 Other, 4
Hama, 8
Daraa, 30
Damascus and its
suburbs, 23
Idlib, 19
Homs, 72

Included among them are the victims of the Saida Bridge massacre on April 29 in Daraa province. The bodies were returned after they had been liquidated in detention.

   

Area(within City), or Town (within Province)

City or

   

Name

Date

Provincial

Age

Comments

Unit

Yasser Hafiz

       

Yasser was imprisoned Sept. 11, 2011. His body was delivered to his family Oct. 11, 2011, with marks of torture on it.

ظفاحلارساي

11-10-2011

Mare'

عرام

Aleppo

Muhammad

Abdulqader

Sayigh

8-10-2011

Dumair

Damascus

suburbs

20

Imprisoned by security after being wounded by gunfire; died of the wounds

by end of day.

دبعدمحم

ريمضلا

دبعدمحم ريمضلا

غياصلارداقلا

Muhammad

       
Muhammad        

Ahmad

Husaini

دمحأ

6-10-2011

Qusoor

روصقلا

Homs

ينيسحلا دمحم

 

Sayih Hasan

       

Masri

00-10-2011

Hilfaya

Hama

44

نسح حياس

ايافلح

يرصملا

     

Muhammad

Ahmad

00-10-2011

Bayyada

Homs

00

Detained for a month, he

دمحم

ةضايبلا

died under torture in the Air Force Security branch.

دمحلأا

Talal

       

Detained for over a month with his three sons, accused of providing emergent care to them. His sons are still

Mamduh

Turjman

00-10-2011

Homs

44

imprisoned.

حودمم للاط

حودمم للاط

نامجرتلا

         

Detained for two days & died under torture.

Muhannad

Madarati

يتاردم دنهم

04-10-2011

Khaldieh

ةيدلاخلا

Homs

Muhannad Madarati يتاردم دنهم 04-10-2011 Khaldieh ةيدلاخلا Homs

Yaseen Sadiq

       

Imprisoned on Oct. 3, 2011; his body delivered to his family with signs of torture on Oct. 5

Omar

04-10-2011

Jisr Shughour

Idlib

روغشلا رسج

   
   

Area(within City), or Town (within Province)

City or

   

Name

Date

Provincial

Age

Comments

Unit

Muhammad Ahmad Husain Rahmoun نيسح دمحأ دمحم نومحرلا

 

Qaryatain

   

Forcibly disappeared on Oct 3, 2011; tortured to death.

04-10-2011

نيتيرقلا

Homs

Husain Ali Hamsho وشمح يلع نيسح

 

Kernaz

   

Imprisoned Sept. 3, 2011; his body was delivered to his family with signs of torture on Oct. 5, 2011

04-10-2011

زانرك

Hama

04-10-2011 زانرك Hama

Rashid

       

He was abducted /forcibly disappearedbecause he refused to shoot at demonstrators on Oct 4, 2011. His body--marks of torture were clear on it-- was delivered to his family on Oct 5, 2011.

Mustafa

Mansur

5-10-2011

Homs

24

ىفطصم ديشر

روصنملا

         

Torture: He refused to detain demonstrators, so

Fadi Hasan Aboud دوبع نسح يداف

5-10-2011

Homs

30

shabiha (regime’s thugs) abducted/ forcibly disappeared him and tortured him to death.

Zakaryia

       

He was detained on Sept 15, 2011. His body, with marks of torture on it, was delivered on Oct 4, 2011.

Abdu Dhahir

4-10-2011

Kafr Uwaid

Idlib

34

ودبع ايركز

ديوعرفك

ودبع ايركز ديوعرفك

رهاضلا

     

Omar

       

He was detained on Sept 20, 2011. It is believed that he died under torture.

Khulayyif

Safuk

فيلخ رمع

4-10-2011

Deir Ba'albeh

ةبلعبريد

Homs

Safuk فيلخ رمع 4-10-2011 Deir Ba'albeh ةبلعبريد Homs

كوفص

   

Area(within City), or Town (within Province)

City or

   

Name

Date

Provincial

Age

Comments

Unit

Abdullah Faraj Zu’aib جرف الله دبع بيعز

 

Baba Amr

   

He was detained on Sept, 21, 2011. His body full of excruciating torture marks was delivered to his family on Oct 3-2011.

3-10-2011

ورمع اباب

Homs

family on Oct 3-2011. 3-10-2011 ورمع اباب Homs           He was detaineda
         

He was detaineda few days prior to the date provided. He died under torture. His

Abdo AbdulHay Reem يحلا دبع ودبع ميرلا

KhanShaikhoun

2-10-2011

نوخيشناخ

Idlib

body was delivered on Oct. 2, 2011.

body was delivered on Oct. 2, 2011.

Mohammad AbdulMu’in Qutaini نيعملا دبع دمحم ينيطق

       

He was detained a few days prior to the date provided. He died under torture. His body was delivered on Oct.

2-10-2011

KhanShaikhoun

نوخيشناخ

Idlib

28

2, 2011.

2, 2011.

Muhammad

       

Imprisoned on Sept 30, 2011; his body was delivered to his family on Oct. 2, 2011 with signs of torture on it.

Musa Telawi

KhanShaikhoun

ىسوم دمحم

02-10-2011

نوخيشناخ

Idlib

يولاتلا

يولاتلا

Imad Manhal Abu Halawa وبأ لهنم دامع ةولاح

 

Ibta’a

   

Subjected to torture, he was killed with a bullet to the head.

02-10-2011

عطبا

Daraa

02-10-2011 عطبا Daraa
         

He was forcibly disappeared

Ahmad Skaf

Jabal Zawyeh Basamis سماسب - ةيوازلا لبج

/ abducted; he was tortured until death; his body was found on Oct. 2, 2011.

فاكس دمحأ

02-10-2011

Idlib

44

   

Area(within City), or Town (within Province)

City or

   

Name

Date

Provincial

Age

Comments

Unit

Hassan

         

Husain

نيسح ناسح

02-10-2011

Um A'mad

دمعلامأ

Homs

Ahmad Raslan AbdulHay دبع نلاسر دمحأ يحلا

       

Imprisoned on Sept. 28, 2011; his body was

Bayyada

01-10-2011

ةضايبلا

Homs

delivered to his family on Oct. 1, 2011.

delivered to his family on Oct. 1, 2011.

Zuhair

       

Imprisoned on Sept. 26,

Tarabulsi

يسلبارطلا ريهز

22-9-2011

Bayyada

ةضايبلا

Homs

34

2011, from the Bayyada neighborhood checkpoint

Ahmad Abdo

 

Banyas

   

Imprisoned after having been wounded, on Saturday, Sept. 24, 2011; his body was delivered to his family on Sept. 28, 2011.

ودبع دمحأ

22-9-2011

سايناب

Tartous

ودبع دمحأ 22-9-2011 سايناب Tartous Muhammad         Sheikh Muhammad

Muhammad

       

Sheikh Muhammad Mahdi was imprisoned on Sept. 16, 2011; he died under torture; his body was delivered to his family on Sept. 26, 2011.

Mahdi Siyadi

20-9-2011

Hilfaya

Hama

يدهملا دمحم

ايافلح

يدايصلا

   
يدايصلا    

Yusef

       

Imprisoned on Sept. 16, 2011; died under torture; his body was delivered to his family on Sept. 26, 2011.

Imprisoned on Sept. 16, 2011; died under torture; his body was delivered to his family on

Muhammad

Mahdi Siyadi

دمحم فسوي

20-9-2011

Hilfaya

ايافلح

Hama

يدايصلا يدهملا

Musa

       

Imprisoned on Sept. 16, 2011; died under torture; his body was delivered to his family on Sept. 26, 2011.

Imprisoned on Sept. 16, 2011; died under torture; his body was delivered to his family on

Muhammad

Mahdi Siyadi

دمحم ىسوم

20-9-2011

Hilfaya

ايافلح

Hama

يدايصلا يدهملا

   

Area(within City), or Town (within Province)

City or

   

Name

Date

Provincial

Age

Comments

Unit

AbdulSalam Muhammad Mahdi Siyadi دمحم ملاسلا دبع يدايصلا يدهملا

       

Imprisoned on Sept. 16, 2011; died under torture;

Hilfaya

20-9-2011

ايافلح

Hama

his body was delivered to his family on Sept. 26, 2011.

his body was delivered to his family on Sept. 26, 2011.

Ahmad

         

Sultan

Rahhal

ناطلس دمحأ

24-9-2011

Talbeiseh

ةسيبلت

Homs

44

Imprisoned on Sept. 23, 2011; died under torture.

لاحرلا

Safa Ghassan

       

Wounded during the final 10 days of Ramadan/August, he was taken for emergency care at Birr Hospital; from there, he was forcibly disappeared/abducted; his body was delivered to his family on Sept. 24, 2011.

Birr Hospital; from there, he was forcibly disappeared/abducted; his body was delivered to his family on

24-9-2011

Bab Dreib

بيردلا باب

Homs

Tawakkul لكوت ناسغ افص

Muhammad

       

Imprisoned on Sept. 12, 2011; his body was

Mahmud

Saleh

دمحم دومحم

24-9-2011

Khattab

باطخ

Hama

31

surrendered to his family on Sept. 25, 2011 with signs of torture on it.

حلاصلا

AbdulMu’in

       

Imprisoned on Aug. 19; killed under torture; delivered to his family on Sept. 25, 2011.

Mukahhal

24-9-2011

Deir Ba'albeh

نيعملا دبع

ةبلعبريد

Homs

لحكملا

 

Hamdo

       

He was imprisoned by Political Security; suffered a bullet wound to his abdomen; bore signs of torture.

He was imprisoned by Political Security; suffered a bullet wound to his abdomen; bore signs of

Sulaiman

Hamada

ناميلس ودمح

ةدامح

22-9-2011

Qusair, Abu

Hora

وبأ،ريصقلا

ةروح

Homs

   

Area(within City), or Town (within Province)

City or

   

Name

Date

Provincial

Age

Comments

Unit

Muhammad Ibrahim AbdulRazzaq Birro دبع ميهاربا دمحم وربلا قازرلا

21-9-2011

Jabal Zawyeh, Kafr Uwaid ديوعرفك ،ةيوازلا لبج

Idlib

24

Gunshot was fired at him after he had been tortured and his neck broken at a security branch; he had been imprisoned on Sept. 15, 2011.

         

Imprisoned on Sept. 15, 2011; died under torture.

Diab

Khabbaz

زابخلا بايد

21-9-2011

Damascus

suburbs

Diab Khabbaz زابخلا بايد 21-9-2011 Damascus suburbs

Muhammad

       

Imprisoned on Sept. 15, 2011; died under torture.

Imprisoned on Sept. 15, 2011; died under torture.

Halboni

(Abu Hasan)

ينوبلحلا دمحم

21-9-2011

Harasta

اتسرح

Damascus

suburbs

(نسحوبأ)

Yusef Omar Haj Darwish جح رمع فسوي شيورد

       

Imprisoned two days prior; his body was delivered Sept 16, 2011.

10-9-2011

Sarjeh

ةجرس

Idlib

10-9-2011 Sarjeh ةجرس Idlib

Ammar

         

Mustafa

Imprisoned two days prior; his body was delivered Sept. 16, 2011.

Zaidan

ىفطصم رامع

10-9-2011

Sarjeh

ةجرس

Idlib

ناديزلا

 

Ruwad

         

Rashud

10-9-2011

Deir Ezzor

دوشرلا داور

         

Mahmud was imprisoned

Mahmud al-

Beik

كيبلا دومحم

14-9-2011

Raml

لمرلا

Lattakia

10

on Sept. 7, 2011; his family received his body on Sept. 15, 2011.

   

Area(within City), or Town (within Province)

City or

   

Name

Date

Provincial

Age

Comments

Unit

Ayman

       

Died in Harasta Orchards; was wounded by bullet from security and imprisoned; was subjected

Zaghlul

لولغزلا نميأ

14-9-2011

Irbeen

نيبرع

Damascus

suburbs

22

to torture before dying.

to torture before dying.

Muhammad Adham Abdeh ةدباع مهدا دمحم

       

Died on Sept. 15, 2011 in Harasta from bullets fired at random; his body was delivered to his family in

14-9-2011

Qaboon

نوباقلا

Damascus

23

Qaboon on Sept. 18, 2011.

Qaboon on Sept. 18, 2011.

Faruq Juri

14-9-2011

Baba Amr

Homs

 

He expired under torture; he had been imprisoned for a week.

يروجلا قوراف

ورمع اباب

         

Imprisoned after having been wounded in the foot by a bullet; subjected to

Amer Kamal Hanayat تاينج لامك رماع

Baba Amr

10-9-2011

ورمع اباب

Homs

torture in the Military Hospital.

torture in the Military Hos p ital.
         

Imprisoned on Sept. 6, 2011 by Air Force Intelligence; his body was delivered to his family Sept. 9, 2011.

Ghiyath

Ghiyath

10-9-2011

Darayya

Damascus

20

10-9-2011 Darayya Damascus 20

Tayseer Matar رطم ريسيت ثايغ

ايراد

suburbs

   

Area(within City), or Town (within Province)

City or

   

Name

Date

Provincial

Age

Comments

Unit

         

Imprisoned five days prior,

Azzam Jamil

Musa

ليمج مازع

7-9-2011

Idlib

by Military Security; died under torture.

by Military Security; died under torture.

ىسوملا

Muhammad

         

Mustafa

Died under torture because he had harbored defected members of the army in his house.

Harmush

7-9-2011

Idlib

ىفطصم دمحم

شومره

Mahmud

         

Beik

كيب دومحم

7-9-2011

Raml

لمرلا

Lattakia

10

Jamal Huri

يروح لامج

4-9-2011

Jableh

ةلبج

Lattakia

 

Died under torture in one of the security branches; he had been imprisoned on Aug. 25, 2011.

Died under torture in one of the security branches; he had been imprisoned on Au g

Ahmad Muhammad Saleh Da’aas حلاص دمحم دمحأ ساعد

4-9-2011

 

Idlib

 
Ahmad Muhammad Saleh Da’aas حلاص دمحم دمحأ ساعد 4-9-2011   Idlib  

Muhammad Waleed Hindawi يوادنه ديلو دمحم

       

Died under torture; family

Jura

prohibited from holding a wake and a funeral procession for him.

4-9-2011

ةروجلا

Deir Ezzor

34

Walid

       

Was imprisoned; his delivered body bore signs of torture.

AbdulKarim

Darwish

3-9-2011

Qusair

ريصقلا

Homs

Adnan AbdulBaqi Qasim يقابلا دبع ناندع مساقلا

       

Imprisoned on Aug. 7, 2011; his body was surrendered on Aug. 29, 2011.

29-2-2011

Hawla

ةلوحلا

Homs

29-2-2011 Hawla ةلوحلا Homs
   

Area(within City), or Town (within Province)

City or

   

Name

Date

Provincial

Age

Comments

Unit

Mahmud Husain Sa’d- al-din دعس نيسح دومحم نيدلا

 

Hawla,

   

Imprisoned on Aug. 7, 2011; his body was delivered on Aug. 29, 2011.

29-2-2011

Kafarlaha

Homs

29-2-2011 Kafarlaha Homs

اهلارفك ،ةلوحلا

Ammar

Dawud

29-2-2011

Hawla

ةلوحلا

Homs

 

Imprisoned Aug. 7, 2011; his body was delivered the same day.

دوؤادلا رامع

دوؤادلا رامع

Usama

 

Hawla

   

Imprisoned Aug. 7, 2011; his corpse was returned on Aug. 29, 2011.

Hamo

ومح ةماسأ

29-2-2011

ةلوحلا

Homs

Hamo ومح ةماسأ 29-2-2011 ةلوحلا Homs
         

Imprisoned on Aug. 7, 2011; died under torture.

Hasan Abu Qurun نورق وبأ نسح

Hawla

Hasan Abu Qurun نورق وبأ نسح Hawla

29-2-2011

ةلوحلا

Homs

         

Imprisoned on Aug. 7, 2011;

Khaled Abdullah Hmaidan الله دبع دلاخ ناديمح

Hawla,

29-2-2011

Tal Dhahab

بهذلت ،ةلوحلا

Homs

liquidated and his body delivered on Aug. 29, 2011.

liquidated and his body delivered on Au g . 29, 2011.

Ubada Musa

       

Imprisoned on Aug. 7, 2011; liquidated during detention; his body delivered on Aug. 29, 2011.

Imprisoned on Aug. 7, 2011; liquidated during detention; his body delivered on Aug. 29, 2011.

Ismail

ىسوم ةدابع

ليعامسا

29-2-2011

Hawla,

Tal Dhahab

بهذلت ،ةلوحلا

Homs

   

Area(within City), or Town (within Province)

City or

   

Name

Date

Provincial

Age

Comments

Unit

Mahmud AbdulFattah Diab حاتفلا دبع دومحم بايد

       

Imprisoned on Aug. 7, 2011; his corpse delivered on Aug. 29, 2011.

29-2-2011

Hawla,Tiba

ةبيط ،ةلوحلا

Homs

29-2-2011 Hawla,Tiba ةبيط ،ةلوحلا Homs

Firas Jaja

22-2-2011

Hader

Hama

20

Imprisoned with his brother from their home in Hader on Aug./Ramadan 28, 2011 at 10am.

ةجاجلا سارف

رضاحلا

Ismail

         

Mu’mina

ةنموم ليعامسا

27-2-2011

Qatana

انطق

Damascus

suburbs

Nasr

         

Bedaiwi

يويدبلا رصن

20-2-2011

Ma'arret

Nou'man

نامعنلا ةرعم

Idlib

Died in detention; body delivered to his kin on Aug. 26, 2011.

Na’im Sabe’ Lail ليللا عبس ميعن

12-2-2011

 

Lattakia

 

His corpse was delivered on Aug. 18, 2011, after he had been imprisoned by security agents; he had been killed under torture.

         

Imprisoned on Aug. 5, 2011; his body was returned to his family on Aug. 17, 2011, with signs of torture on it. Facebook page

Ismail Jamil

Ismail Jamil

Zartit

ليمج ليعامسا

17-2-2011

Lattakia

30

طيطرز

Ibrahim

         

Khatib Rifa’I

Ibrahim died under torture after being detained by State Security

بيطخلا ميهاربا

14-2-2011

Homs

يعافرلا

   

Area(within City), or Town (within Province)

City or

   

Name

Date

Provincial

Age

Comments

Unit

         

Imprisoned Aug. 2 from a protest in downtown Mala'ab. After 3 days he was transferred to the Military Hospital suffering from a

shattered skull as a result of severe torture by State Security; he died; his body was released on Aug. 14,

2011.

Jamal Fatwa

Jamal Fatwa

ىوتفلا لامج

14-2-2011

Homs

         

Imprisoned while returning from Lebanon, where he worked.

Muhammad Husain Ali يلعلا نيسح دمحم

14-2-2011

Hawla

ةلوحلا

Homs

Muhammad Husain Ali يلعلا نيسح دمحم 14-2-2011 Hawla ةلوحلا Homs

Faisal Khaled Najjar راجنلا دلاخ لصيف

       

Died under torture. Had

14-2-2011

Khan Shaikhoun

نوخيش ناخ

Idlib

00

been imprisoned on Aug. 12, 2011.

Samir ‘Aqul

       

Died in detention under torture four days after being detained.

لوقع ريمس

13-2-2011

Kafarlaha

اهلارفك

Homs

Umar

       

He died under torture in prison, four days after his detention began.

Jukhdar

رادخوج رمع

13-8-2011

Kafarlaha

اهلارفك

Homs

40

Jukhdar رادخوج رمع 13-8-2011 Kafarlaha اهلارفك Homs 40
   

Area(within City), or Town (within Province)

City or

   

Name

Date

Provincial

Age

 

Comments

Unit

 

Luay AbdulHakim Amer ميكحلا دبع يؤل رماعلا

       

He died under torture in prison, four days after his detention began.

13-8-2011

Taldo

ودلت

Homs

29

 
13-8-2011 Taldo ودلت Homs 29  

Husam AbdulMunib Said Ali بينملا دبع ماسح يلع ديسلا

13-8-2011

 

Homs

 

He died under torture in prison, 18 days after his detention began.

         

He was detained on July 3,

Murhaf

2011

by Military Security.

Jawdat Said

10-8-2011

Homs

His family was called today [Aug 10 2011],to receive his body from the military hospital in Homs

تدوج فهرم

ديسلا

   

Tamer

       

His body was delivered four days after his detention began.

Shumari

يرموشلا رمات

10-8-2011

Deir Ba'albeh

ةبلعبريد

Homs

Ruhi Faiz

       

He was detained on Aug 7, 2011 by Air Force Security. He died on the same day at 8:30, but his body was not delivered to his family until

Naddaf

Irbeen

Damascus

Tuesday [Aug. 9] because of the security and military crackdown on the city.

زياف يحور

9-8-2011

نيبرع

suburbs

30

فادنلا

9-8-2011 نيبرع suburbs 30 فادنلا           He was detained on Aug 1,
         

He was detained on Aug 1,

2011

by State Security. His

family was informed on the

Khalid Walid Murad دارم ديلو دلاخ

day[listed here] that his body was at the Military

9-8-2011

Homs

30

Hospital. He died under torture.

   
   
   

Area(within City), or Town (within Province)

City or

   

Name

Date

Provincial

Age

Comments