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273

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275

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1974: .. , ( 1974).
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38, 2006, 78-90.
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1991: .. , . .: (. . .. ) ( 1991), 4-18.
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2010, 152-192.
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2010: .. , . . . .. (-, 2010) (- 2010), 40-42.
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1988: .. , (, , ) ( 1988).
1991: .. , . .: (. . .. ) . (/ 1991), 131-135.
2000: .. , - . . 4 . .., ( 2000).
Boardman 2001: J. Boardman, The History of Greek Vases (London 2001).
Bothmer 1957: D. Bothmer, Amazones in Greek Art (Oxford 1957).

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Charbonneaux, Martin, Villard 1969: J. Charbonneaux, R. Martin, F. Villard, Grce Classique (480-330
avant J.-C.) (Gallimard 1969).
Charbonneaux, Martin, Villard 1970: J. Charbonneaux, R. Martin, F. Villard, Grce Hellnistique (330-50
avant J.-C.) (Gallimard 1970).
Fialko 2009: E.E. Fialko, Amazons burials in the lands of Steppe Scythia. Mousaios XIV. The Necropolises and
the Environment (1st mill. BC), 2009, 47-59.
Fialko 2010: E.E. Fialko, Skythische Amazonen in den Nordschwarzmeersteppen. In: (ed. A. Koch) Amazonen.
Geheimnisvolle Kriegerinnen (Speyer 2010), 119-122.
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Cndea) Tracii i vecinii lor n antichitate. Studia in Honorem Valerii Srbu (Brila 2010), 215-226.
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Analyse (Mnster 2001).
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1997).

Panoplia rzboinicelor scitice


Rezumat
Articolul este consacrat studierii sortimentului i caracterului armamentului amazoanelor scitice. Descoperirile arheologice ale armamentului i echipamentului femeilor rzboinice coincid practic cu datele surselor narative i ale
celor artistice. n linii generale panoplia femeilor corespundea armamentului detaamentelor scitice. ns, femeile
preferau mai mult armele pentru lupt la distan, dect cele pentru ncierrile corp la corp. Pregtirea lor pentru
rzboi prevedea studierea artei militare nc din copilrie.
Lista ilustraiilor:
Fig. 1. Imagini ale amazoanelor narmate: 1, 2 - pe un kalathos din aur din tumulul Bolaja Bliznica; 3 - pe vase cu
figuri roii.
Fig. 2. Imagini ale amazoanelor pe pelike cu figuri roii.
Fig. 3. Tipuri de vrfuri de sgeat din nmormntrile amazoanelor: 1, 2 - tumulul 9 de la Staryj Merik; 3,
4 - tumulul 6 de la Novoe; 5 - tumulul 34 din necropola ertomlyk; 6 - tumulul 13 din grupul BOF. 1, 4, 5 bronz; 2 - fier; 3, 6 - lemn.
Fig. 4. Armament din nmormntrile amazoanelor: vrfuri de lance (1, 4) i suli (2, 5); clcie de lance (3);
pietre pentru pratie (6). 1-3 - tumulul 13 din necropola de la Steblev; 4-6 - tumulul 5 de la Zelenoe. 1-5 - fier;
6 - piatr.
Fig. 5. Armur din tumulul 5 de la Zelenoe.
Fig. 6. Fragmente de armur din tumulul 5 de la Zelenoe.
Fig. 7. Piese de harnaament din tumulul 13 de la Steblev.

Panoply of Scythian Female Warriors


Abstract
The article is devoted to variety and character of the Scythian Amazons armaments. Archaeological finds of weapons and equipment of militant women is almost identical to the arms from the written and artistic sources. In general, women panoply completely consistent with the armament of the Scythian troops. Amazons preferred missile
weapon, and almost did not use melee weapons. Amazons were studying the military art from an early childhood.
List of illustrations:
Fig. 1. Images of armed Amazons: 1-2 - on the golden Calaf from the kurgan Bolshaja Bliznitsa; 3 - on red-figured
vases.
Fig. 2. Images of Amazons on red-figured pelikai.
Fig. 3. The types of arrowheads from the burials of armed women: 1-2 - kurgan 9 near Staryj Merchyk village,
3-4 - kurgan 6 near Nowoje village; 5 - kurgan 34 from Chertomlyk cemetery; 6 - kurgan 13 of BOF group. 1, 4,
5 - bronze, 2 - iron, 3, 6 - wood.

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II. Materiale i cercetri

Fig. 4. Weapon from the burial mounds of Amazons: javelin-heads (1, 4) and spear points (2, 5), butt (3), slingshot
stones (6). 1-3 - kurgan 13 from Steblev cemetery; 4-6 - kurgan 5 near Zelenoje village. 1-5 - iron, 6 - stone.
Fig. 5. Scale armor from kurgan 5 near Zelenoje village.
Fig. 6. Details of armor from kurgan 5 near Zelenoje village.
Fig. 7. Details of bridle from kurgan 13 near Steblev village.

31.03.2011
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11, 04210 , , e-mail: ofialka@ukr.net

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