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GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_First sequence examoct.

2011
1
Courses In
Electrical
Engineering
Volume IV
ELECTRICAL MACHINES
FIRST SEQUENCE EXAM WITH SOLUTION
By
Jean-Paul NGOUNE
DIPET I (Electrotechnics), DIPET II (Electrotechnics)
DEA (Electrical Engineering)
Teacher in the Electrical Department, GTHS KUMBO, Cameroon.
GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_First sequence examoct.2011
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I TECHNOLOGY
1. Define electrical generator.
2. Give two functions of yoke in DC machines.
3. What is the role of the commutator in DC generators?
4. Explain why the armature of electrical machines is made up of substances
having low hysteresis coefficient.
5. How can the strength of the magnetic field of an electromagnet be increased?
6. Cite the three main types of magnetic materials and give one example of each
of them.
7. Why are the armature core and the pole cores of a dc machine made up of
laminated steel?
II ELECTROTECHNOLOGY
Exercise 1: Shunt generator.
An asynchronous three phase motor drives a shunt generator which supplies in full
load a current of 40A under 320V. The useful power of the driving motor is equal to
20.614 kW at full load. Its armature resistance is 1.25 and its field resistance is
200 . Determine:
1. The useful power of the generator.
2. The current in the field circuit and in the armature.
3. The emf of the generator.
Exercise 2: Long shunt compound DC generator.
A 60kW long shunt compound wound dc generator delivers a rated current of 150A
at its rated voltage. Calculate:
REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON
Peace Work Fatherland

GTHS KUMBO/ ELECT DPT


FIRST SEQUENCE EXAM
Class: F
3
6
Option: Electrotechnology
Duration: 2H30
Coefficient: 3
ELECTRICAL MACHINES
No document is allowed except the one given to
the candidates by the examiners
GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_First sequence examoct.2011
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1. The rated voltage.
2. The resistance of the connected load.
If series field resistance, shunt field resistance and armature resistance are 0.075 ,
220 and 0.15 respectively. Calculate:
3. The shunt and series field currents.
4. The voltage across the armature.
5. The emf generated.
Exercise 3: Self inductance, AC circuits.
The electrical model of an asynchronous motor can be given by the following circuit:
t t v 314 sin 2 230 ) ( = ; Xm = 110 ; Rt = 900 ; r1 = 1.5 ; r2 = 48 ; x = 6 .
1. Determine the complex impedance of the branches AB and AC of the circuit.
2. Express the total impedance of the circuit in the form: Z = R + jX.
3. Determine the complex expression of the current I consumed by the circuit.
4. Determine the active and the reactive power consumed by the circuit.
5. Deduce the complex expression of the currents passing through branches AB
and AC.
Proposed by Mr. NGOUNE Jean-Paul,
PLET Electrotechnics, GTHS KUMBO.
C
B
A
x r1
r2 Rt Xm V(t)
GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_First sequence examoct.2011
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PROPOSITION OF SOLUTION
I TECHNOLOGY
1. An electrical generator is an electromagnetic converter that permits to
transform mechanical energy into electrical energy.
2. Two functions of the yoke:
- It provide a mechanical protection to the machine;
- It carries coils and other parts such as mechanical parts;
- It acts as a magnetic circuit where magnetic flux circulates (it canalize the
flux).
3. The commutator permits to convert alternating current from the armature into
direct current in the external load.
4. The armature of electrical machines is made up of substances having low
hysteresis coefficient in order to reduce hysteresis losses in the armature.
5. The strength of the magnetic field of an electromagnet can be increased using
the following methods:
- By increasing the current supplying the electromagnet;
- By inserting an iron core within the electromagnet;
- By adding the number of turns of coil of the electromagnet.
6. Magnetic materials:
- Ferromagnetic materials: iron, nickel;
- Paramagnetic materials: Oxygen, aluminium, platinum;
- Diamagnetic materials: Nitrogen, water, silver, bismuth.
7. Armature core and pole core of DC machines are made up of laminated steel
in order to reduce Eddy current losses.
II ELECTROTECHNOLOGY
Exercise 1: Shunt generator.
Data: I = 40A; U = 320V; Pin = 20.614kW
Ra = 1.25 ; Rsh = 200 .
GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_First sequence examoct.2011
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RSH
E
RA
LOAD
U
Ish
I
1. Useful power of the generator:
2. Current in the field circuit and in the armature:
A
R
U
I
sh
sh
6 . 1
200
320
= = =
A I I I
sh a
6 . 41 = + =
3. Emf of the generator:
V U I R E
a a
372 320 6 . 41 25 . 1 = + = + =
Exercise 2: Long shunt compound dc generator.
Data: P = 60 kW; I = 150A; Rs = 0.075 ; Rsh = 220 ; Ra = 0.15 .
E
RA
RS
RSH LOAD
Ua
Ish
I
U
1. Rated voltage:
V
U
P
U 400
150
60000
= = =
W P
P
I U P
12800
40 320
=
=
=
GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_First sequence examoct.2011
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2. Resistance of the connected load:
O = = = 66 . 2
150
400
I
U
R
3. Shunt an series field currents:
A
R
U
I
sh
sh
81 . 1
220
400
= = =
A I I I
sh S
81 . 151 = + =
4. Voltage across the armature:
( ) V U I R U
U I R U
S S a
S S a
38 . 411 400 81 . 151 075 . 0
0
= + = + =
=
5. Emf generated:
V U I R E
U I R E
a a a
a a a
151 . 434 38 . 411 81 . 151 15 . 0
0
= + = + =
=
Exercise 3: Self inductance, AC circuits.
Let us consider the following circuit:
t t v 314 sin 2 230 ) ( = ; Xm = 110 ; Rt = 900 ; r1 = 1.5 ; r2 = 48 ; x = 6 .
1. Determination of impedances:
- Branch AB:
( )( )
jXm Rt
jXm Rt
Rt jXm Z
AB
+

= =
C
B
A
x r1
r2 Rt Xm V(t)
GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_First sequence examoct.2011
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( )
| |O = + =
+
=
+

=
+
=
+

=
o
AB
AB
j Z
j j j
j
j
j
j
Z
03 . 83 18 . 109 38 . 108 24 . 13
8221
108900 891000
121 8100
11 90 9900
11 90
9900
110 900
110 900
- Branch AC:
( )
| |
o
AC
AC
j Z
jx r r Z
91 . 6 86 . 49 6 5 . 49
2 1
= + =
+ + =
2. Total impedance of the circuit:
( )( )
( ) ( )
| | | | | |
| |
| | O + = =
=
+

=
+

= =
j Z
j Z Z
Z Z
Z Z Z
o
T
o
o o o
AC AB
AC AB
AC AB T
03 . 20 60 . 36 69 . 28 73 . 41
25 . 61 45 . 130
91 . 89 71 . 5443
38 . 114 74 . 62
91 . 6 56 . 49 03 . 83 18 . 109
3. Total current consumed by the circuit:
| |
| |
| |A
Z
V
I
o
o
o
T
69 . 28 51 . 5
69 . 28 73 . 41
0 230
= = =
4. Active and reactive power consumed by the circuit:
Z
T
= R + jX

= =
= =

sin
cos
2
2
VI XI Q
VI RI P
Where is the power factor of the circuit.
Var XI Q
W RI P
11 . 608 51 . 5 03 . 20
17 . 1111 51 . 5 6 . 36
2 2
2 2
= = =
= = =
We can still proceed as follows:
( )
( ) Var VI Q
W VI P
39 . 608 69 . 28 cos 51 . 5 230 sin
71 . 1111 69 . 28 cos 51 . 5 230 cos
= = =
= = =

5. Currents in the branches AB and AC:


ZAB ZAC
I
Iab Iac
GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_First sequence examoct.2011
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Using current divider theorem, we have:
( )
| | | |
| |
| |A I
Z Z
Z
I
o
o
o o
AC AB
AC
AB
03 . 83 106 . 2
25 . 61 45 . 130
69 . 28 51 . 5 91 . 6 86 . 49
=

=
+
=
( )
| | | |
| |
| | A I
Z Z
Z
I
o
o o
AC AB
AB
AC
91 . 6 61 . 4
25 . 61 45 . 130
69 . 28 51 . 5 03 . 83 18 . 109
=

=
+
=
END.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
NGOUNE Jean-Paul is a teacher in the electrical
department in GTHS KUMBO. He is teaching this year
in the following subjects: Power electronics, Electrical
Machines, Digital Circuits, Electricity-Electronics, and
Automation.
Any suggestion or critic is welcome
NGOUNE Jean-Paul, PLET, DEA.(Electrical Engineering).
P.O. Box: 102 NSO, Kumbo, Cameroon.
Phone: (+237) 7506 2458.
Email : jngoune@yahoo.fr
Web site : www.scribd.com/jngoune