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Code: 9ABS304 1

II B.Tech I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, November 2011 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS

(Computer Science & Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks *****

Max Marks: 70

 1 A student appears for tests I, II and III. The student is successful if he passes either in test I and II or tests I and III. The probability of the student passing in test I, II, III are p, and ½ respectively. If the probability that the student is successful is ½ then find the relation between p and q. q 2 Find the mean of the probability distribution of the number of heads obtained in three flips of a balanced coin. Fit a binomial distribution to the following data 3 X 0 1 2 3 4 5 f 2 14 20 34 22 8 4 The following are the times between six calls for an ambulance in a city and the patient’s arrival at the hospital: 27, 15, 20, 32, 18 and 26 minutes. Use these figures to judge the reasonableness of the ambulance services claim that it takes on the average 20 minutes between the call for an ambulance and patient’s arrival at the hospital? 5 (a) Define estimate, estimator and estimation. (b) In how many ways the estimation can be done and what are they? Explain in detail. 6 (a) What is meant by Level of Significance? (b) A die was thrown 9000 times and of these 3220 yielded a 3 or 4. Is this consistent with the hypothesis that the die was unbiased? (Use  = 0.01 as level of significance). (c) In a random sample of 60 workers, the average time taken by them to get to work is 33.8 min. with a S.D. of 6.1 min. Can we reject the null hypothesis  = 32.6 min. in favour of alternative hypothesis   32.6 at  = 0.025? (a) Prices of shares of a company on the different days in a month were found to be 66, 7 65, 69, 70, 69, 71, 70, 63, 63, 64 and 68. Discuss whether the mean price of the shares in the month is 65? (b) Pumpkins were grown under two experimental conditions. Two random samples of 11 and 9 pumpkins show the sample S.D. of their weights as 0.8 and 0.5 respectively. Assuming that the weight distributions are normal, test hypothesis that the true variances are equal. 8 Barber A takes 15 min. to complete one hair cut. Customers arrive in his shop at an average rate of one every 30 min. Barber B takes 25 min. to complete one hair cut and customers arrive at his shop at an average of one every 50 min. The arrival processes are Poisson and the service time follow an exponential distribution. (i) Where would you expect a bigger queue? (ii) Where would you require more waiting time including a hair cut?

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Code: 9ABS304 2

II B.Tech I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, November 2011 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS

(Computer Science & Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks *****

Max Marks: 70

 (a) Five persons in a group 20 are engineers. If three persons are selected at random, 1 determine the probability that all engineers and the probability that at least one being an engineers. (b) From a pack of 52 cards, three cards are drawn at random. Find the probability that two are aces and another is a king. 2 The probability mass function of a random variable X is zero except at the points x= 0, 1, 2. At these points, it has the values P(0) = 3c 3 , some c>0 P(1) = 4c-10c 2 , P(2) = 5c-1 for (i) Determine the value of c. (ii) Find P(x<1), P(x<2), P(1  x  2) and P(0  x  3) . (iii) Find the largest value of X such that F(x) < 1/2. (iv) Find the smallest value of X such that F(x)>1/2. 3 If a Poisson variate 2P(x=0) = P(x  2) find the probability that (i) P(x  3) , (ii) P(2  x  5) , (iii) P(x  3) . 4 Find the mean and s.d of sampling distribution of variances for the population 2, 3, 4, 5 by drawing samples of size two (a) with replacement (b) without replacement (Sampling - distribution of variances). 5 (a) Give the difference between the interval estimation and the Bayesian estimation. (b) The mean weight loss of n= 16 grinding balls after a certain length of time in mill slurry is 3.42 grams with a S.D. 0.68 grams. Find the maximum error of estimate at 99% confidence interval. Also construct a 99% confidence interval for the true mean weight loss of such grinding balls under the stated conditions. 6 (a) Write a note on one tailed test and two tailed test? (b) The mean life time of a sample of 100 light tubes produced by a company is found to be 1560 hours with a population S.D. of 90 hours. Test the hypothesis for  = 0.05 that the mean life time of the light tubes produced by the company is 1580 hours. 7 (a) Write properties of t – distributioin. (b) 8 students were given a test in Statistics and after one month coaching they were given another test of similar nature. The following table gives the increase 1 their marks in the second test over the first. Students No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Increase of Marks 4 -2 6 -8 12 5 -7 2 Do the marks indicate that the students have gained from the coaching. 8 (a) (a) Define unbiased estimator. What is the more efficient unbiased estimator, explain briefly? (b) Show that x is an unbiased estimator of the population mean . *****

Code: 9ABS304 3

II B.Tech I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, November 2011 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS

(Computer Science & Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks *****

Max Marks: 70

 1 a) What is the probability of picking an ace and a king from a 52 cards deck? (a) (b) For any three events A, B and C defined on the sample space S such that B  C and P(A) > 0, show that P(B/A)  P(C/A). 2 A random variable x has the following probability function X=x 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 P(X=x) 0 k 2k 2k 3k K 2 2k 2 7k 2 +k (i) Find the value of k. (ii) P(x  5) and P(x  5) . (iii) P(0

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Code: 9ABS304 4

II B.Tech I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, November 2011 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS

(Computer Science & Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks *****

Max Marks: 70

1 (a) A bag A contains 2 white and 3 red balls, and a bag B contains 4 white and 5 red balls. One ball is drawn at random from one of the bags and it is found to be red. Find the probability that it was drawn from the bag B.

(b)

A man is known to speak the truth 3 out of 4 times. He throws a die and reports that it is a six. Find the probability that it is actually a six.

2 If X is a continuous random variable and Y = ax+b prove that E(1/y) = aE(x) + b and V(y) = a 2 V(x).

3 In a family of 5 children find the probability that there are (i) 2 boys. (ii) At least one boy. (iii) All are boys. (iv) No boys,

4 Find the mena and s.d of sampling distribution of variances (S.D.V) for the population 2, 3, 4, 5 by drawing samples of size two

(a)

(b)

With replacement.

Without replacement.

(a)

5 (a) Write a short note on interval estimation and Bayesian estimation.

(b)

Measurements of the weights of a random sample of 200 ball bearing made by a certain machine during one week showed a mean of 0.824 and a S.D. of 0.042. Find maximum error at 95% confidence interval. Find the confidence limits for the mean if x = 32?

6 (a) 20 people were attached by a disease and only 18 survived. Will you reject the hypothesis that the survival rate if attacked by this disease is 85% in favour of the hypothesis that is more at 5% level?

(a)

(b)

A sample of 64 students has a mean weight of 70 kgs. Can this be regarded as a sample from a population with mean weight 56 kgs and S.D. 25 kgs?

7 The nicotine contents in milligrams in two samples of tobacco were found to be as follows:

 Sample A 24 27 26 21 25 - Sample B 27 30 28 31 22 36

Can it be said that the two samples have come from the same normal population?

8 A car park contains 5 cars. The arrival of cars is Poisson with a mean rate of 10 per hrs. The length of time each car spends in the car park has negative exponential distribution with mean 2 hrs. How many cars are in the car park on average and what is the probability of a newly arriving customer finding the car park full and having to park his car elsewhere?

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