You are on page 1of 14


Dissertation Guide Lines for Students of

Master of Business Administration


Dissertation -1(Synopsis)

Dissertation -2(Thesis)

Prepared By- Supervised & Varified By-
Dr. Rajeev Sharma Dr.Sandeep Shandilya
Dr. Anurag shakya

Mangalayatan University, Aligarh

S.No. Content
Research Proposal / Synopsis

Structure oI synopsis


Chapterization oI Dissertation

Dissertation Report Structure

Page dimension and binding speciIication

Specimen oI cover & title page

Format oI Student`s Declaration

Format oI Supervisor certiIicate

1. Research Proposal / Synopsis
Synopsis is in Iact the research proposal. Most students and beginning researchers do not
Iully understand what a research proposal means, nor do they understand its importance. To
put it in plain words, one's research is only as good as one's proposal. An ill-conceived
proposal dooms the project even iI it somehow gets through the evaluation committee. A high
quality proposal, on the other hand, not only promises success Ior the project, but also
impresses your evaluation committee about your potential as a researcher.
A research proposal is intended to convince others that you have a worthwhile research
project and that you have the competence and the work-plan to complete it. Generally, a
research proposal should contain all the key elements involved in the research process and
include suIIicient inIormation Ior the readers to evaluate the proposed study.
Regardless oI your research area and the methodology you choose, all research proposals
must address the Iollowing questions: What you plan to accomplish, why you want to do it
and how you are going to do it.
The proposal should have suIIicient inIormation to convince your readers that you have an
important research idea, that you have a good grasp oI the relevant literature and the major
issues, and that your methodology is sound.
The quality oI your research proposal depends not only on the quality oI your proposed
project, but also on the quality oI your proposal writing. A good research project may run the
risk oI rejection simply because the proposal is poorly written. ThereIore, it pays iI your
writing is coherent, clear and compelling.
Requirement of quality dissertation-
1. Ability to provide the proper context to Irame the study question.
2. Ability to delimit the boundary conditions oI study.
3. Presence oI landmark studies as part oI review oI literature.
4. Accurate presentation oI the theoretical and empirical contributions by other
5. Focus on the research question.
6. Ability to develop a coherent and persuasive argument Ior the proposed research.
7. Avoidance oI too much detail on minor issues, but not enough detail on major issues.
8. Avoidance oI too much rambling -- going "all over the map" without a clear sense oI
direction. (The best proposals move Iorward with ease and grace like a seamless
9. Avoidance oI too many citation lapses and incorrect reIerences.
10.Avoidance oI too long or too short coverage.
Basic purpose oI synopsis is to deIend your topic oI research by producing convincing prooI
oI the existence oI the problem.

2. Structure of synopsis
1. Introduction
2. Problem identiIication
3. Need and signiIicance oI the work along with managerial understanding and
4. Review oI Literature
5. Objectives oI Study
6. Hypotheses
7. Research Methodology
O Research design
O Sampling technique
O Sample size
O Data collection
O Steps / Statistical technique Ior data analysis
8. Organization oI the study

Note: 1. For detailed explanation see chapter .1 oI the document titled Chapterization oI
2. Total number of pages in synopsis must range between 12 to 15.
Dissertation - 1 (Synopsis) carries 25 and Dissertation - 2 (Thesis)
carries 75 of overall weightage. Total credits for Dissertation 1 & 2 are 8.

3. Dissertation
A Dissertation is a document submitted in support oI candidature Ior an academic degree or
proIessional qualiIication by the student. It is a new view point emerging Irom research
usually a requirement Ior an advanced academic degree. It will help in developing more in-
depth and broader insights and understanding oI business & industry Irom multiple
By doing dissertation student will be able to -
O Develop a research proposal to explore a speciIic research question/problem.
O IdentiIy and access the resources necessary to undertake the investigation, reviewing
and analyzing relevant literature.
O Choose a research methodology appropriate to the problem and apply the
methodology which can be either qualitative & quantitative or both.
O Report the project particularly its purpose, background, methods, Iindings,
conclusions and recommendations.
O IdentiIy and critically comment on the wider implications oI the work.
bjectives of dissertation-
O To enable student to solve and find answers to the problem
Student can discover new things and ideas along with providing a solution oI the
O To help student enhance his knowledge about subject
For this Student will have to sustain his dissertation work with enough resources. This
will make his work more credit worthy. This will add value to his and existing
knowhow about the area oI research.
O To challenge some existing idea
This is possible iI student wishes to write a research paper that can compete with
some existing research paper. However he need to be careIul while doing this because
iI he will not have suIIicient basis Ior his claim, his work will loose authenticity,
quality and worth.

You need to answer following questions before attempting dissertation
O Does a problem really exist?
O What is this problem (clear understanding oI problem)?
O What is the hypotheses oI dissertation?
O Who will be the beneIiciaries oI this work?
O What will be the nature oI beneIits Irom research outcome and its impact on socio-
economic environment oI country?
O How will this research add value to student`s existing knowledge and skills?
O What will be the implications oI this work on Iuture studies?

4. Chapterization of Dissertation
Chapter .1. Introduction
1. Introduction and problem identification
O It will contain a brieI explanation about the area including problem occurrence
& their eIIect on the system .It will also include a brieI description about the
company, Area oI study, Industry in which company operates etc.
2. Need and significance of the work along with managerial understanding and
O It will elaborate about why the study has been conducted and what is the
signiIicance oI this work Ior the student as well as company/Industry/
Economy. In this section student will also elaborate on managerial
understanding and applicability oI such understanding in solving business
problem oI varying complexities. Also he/ she should be able to judge the
importance oI this study
4. Review of Literature
O This will include brieI summary about past studies done on similar topics/
areas .It will consists oI names oI the researches, year/place oI the research
and their research outcomes in brieI.
O The literature review serves several important Iunctions:
Ensures that you are not "reinventing the wheel".
Gives credits to those who have laid the groundwork Ior your research.
Demonstrates your knowledge oI the research problem.
Demonstrates your understanding oI the theoretical and research issues
related to your research question.
Shows your ability to critically evaluate relevant literature .
Indicates your ability to integrate and synthesize the existing literature.
Provides new theoretical insights or develops a new model as the
conceptual Iramework Ior your research.
O Convinces your reader that your proposed research will make a signiIicant and
substantial contribution to the literature (i.e., resolving an important theoretical
issue or Iilling a major gap in the literature).
Most students' literature reviews suIIer Irom the Iollowing problems:
Lacking organization and structure
Lacking Iocus, unity and coherence
Being repetitive and verbose
Failing to cite inIluential papers
Failing to keep up with recent developments
Failing to critically evaluate cited papers
Citing irrelevant or trivial reIerences

5. bjectives of Study
O An analysis oI studies listed in review oI literature will help in Iormulating
appropriate objectives oI dissertation work.
Here student can attempt to solve a long standing problem. This will
enable student to discover either new ideas or a perception change.
He can make an attempt to enhance additional inIormation about the
subject and in the process he will collect a lot oI inIormation Irom
various sources.
In some cases, student can even attempt to challenge with outcomes oI
other similar studies. However, student will have to be extremely
careIul to present his views supported by suIIicient base.
6. Hypotheses
O Based on objectives oI the dissertation, student will Iormulate hypotheses oI
his work. Hypotheses will be an assumption strictly developed on the basis oI
O The number oI hypotheses will be equal to number oI objectives.
7. Research methodology
O Research design
It will elaborate on basic structure and style such as- Descriptive,
Exploratory, Experimental etc.
O Sampling technique
This will concentrate on technique related to selecting appropriate
sample Irom population so that maximum inIormation about the
population can be drawn.
O Sample size
This will include inIormation about the number oI elements/ members
selected in the sample.
O Data collection
It will include description about the process/ source oI data collection
such as primary / secondary.
O Steps / Statistical techniques Ior data analysis
It will include explanation about various statistical techniques used in
the work.
8. rganisation of the study
O In this section, chapterization oI the study will be presented in brieI.
9. Limitations
O Here student will elaborate on resource constraints Iaced by him during
the work.

Chapter. 2. Conceptual framework of the study
O Here student will give a detailed explanation (theory) about the theme / subject
area oI the study.

Chapter .3. Data analysis and interpretation
O This will include data analysis and interpretation aIter making thorough use
and application oI appropriate statistical techniques as mentioned in chapter
Chapter. 4. Finding and conclusion
O In the Iindings section student will give all his inIerences and inter- linkages
ultimately resulting into overall picture oI his Iindings.
O In conclusions student is expected to elaborate overall beneIits Irom his work
to various parties such as Company, Industry and Economy (National /
Global) etc.
Chapter .5. Suggestion and recommendation along with future implication
of work
O Here caution must be exercised that no generic suggestion is given like organisation
needs to improve interpersonal communication. It is more scientiIic to present our
views in such a manner that questions, when, where, what etc can also be addressed.
Suggestion must be innovative and in tune with research outcome. Student must
properly present his/ her recommendations to Company/ Industry/ Economy
depending on nature oI work and suggestions.
O Appendices are provided to give supplementary inIormation, which is included in the
main text may serve as a distraction and cloud the central theme.
O Appendices should be numbered using Arabic numerals, e.g. Appendix 1, Appendix
2, etc.
O Appendices shall carry the title oI the work reported and the same title shall be made
in the contents page also.
Bibliography/list of references

O The reIerence material should be listed in the alphabetical order oI the Iirst author.
The name oI the author/authors should be immediately Iollowed by the year and other
Kothari C.R, Research methodology, New Delhi, New Age International (P) Ltd. Publishers, 2007
5. Dissertation Report Structure
Title page I
Student`s declaration II
Supervisor`s certiIicate III
Acknowledgement IV
Index V
List oI Iigures, tables etc VI
Page .No.
Chapter .1. Introduction
Introduction and problem identiIication
Need and signiIicance oI the work along with managerial understanding and
Review oI literature
Hypothesis(iI any)
Research Methodology
O Research Design
O Selection oI unites
O Sampling Technique
O Sample size
O Data Collection
O Steps/ Statistical technique Ior Data analysis
Organisation oI the study
Chapter.2. Conceptual Iramework oI the work
Chapter.3. Data analysis and Interpretation
Chapter.4. Finding and conclusion
Chapter.5. Suggestion and recommendation along with Iuture implication oI

Size/dimension: International standard paper size A4 (297x210mm) should be
Binding: The project report should be hard bound with Golden Embossing.
Margin: Top 1.0, Bottom 1.0 LeIt 1.5 Right 1.0
Line spacing: 1.5
Font: Times new roman, size 12 Ior text, larger Ionts may be used Ior
headings & Subheadings.
Page number: Page should be numbered consecutively and clearly. No page
number should be indicated on title page, supervisor`s certiIicates, declaration
and acknowledgement; however pages are counted Irom title page. Use Greek
numbers Irom title page to List oI Iigures, tables` etc page. Use Indian numerals Irom
main text to end oI thesis. All typing should be on right hand pages only.
Folded diagram/charts (If any): These should be arranged so as to open to the
top and right.
Landscape chart/ fig: Bottom oI chart/ Iig should be on right side.
Important note-

1.Each paragraph should start Irom the next line oI heading and subheadings.
2.Do not write General inIormation and history oI statistical tools.
3. Write about appropriate tools you have used and reason Ior using the tools.
4. Constantly Iine tune your project report Irom the synopsis to your Iinal report.

It will be rich experience for you to cherish.

7.Specimen oI Cover Page & Title Page: Font Style Times New Roman Bold~




Submitted by

Anuj kumar

Enrollment no. 2011MBA001

In partial fulfillment for the award of the degree




Human resource management


MAY 2011

8.Student`s Declaration

This is to certiIy that Thesis/Report entitled '..........which is
submitted by me in partial IulIilment oI the requirement Ior the award oI
degree ...... to Mangalayatan University, Aligarh comprises only my
original work and due acknowledgement has been made in the text to all
other material used.

Date: Name & Signature oI the student

9. Supervisor`s certificate

This is to certiIy that thesis/Report entitled '..5rofect title...
which is submitted by of student... in partial IulIilment oI
the requirement Ior the award oI degree ........... to
Mangalayatan University, Aligarh is a record oI the candidate`s own work
carried out by him/her under my/our supervision. The matter embodied in this thesis is
original and has not been submitted Ior the award oI any other degree.

uaLe name and SlgnaLure of Supervlsor