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Issue 23 Fall 2007


13 Prevent volunteer burnout

14 Volunteer training — Army League, Navy League
and Air Cadet League
Terrence Whitty, Jerrod Riley and Sarah Putinski
20 Cadet retention
The power of competition to increase retention
Attracting teenagers is easy. Keeping them interested is not.
Young cadets are not obligated to stick around if you do not
deliver excitement. Competition may help.
Maj Guy Peterson
22 Competition—good or bad?

18 There are two sides to the argument when it comes to youth.

Our challenge is to create the right environment for healthy
24 Six degrees of separation
Humility and a can-do attitude Between you and your cadets
Cadence pays tribute to LCdr Peter Morin, the As a leader, it’s good to keep some degree of separation
new commanding officer of 40 Sea Cadet Corps between you and your cadets.
FALKLAND in Ottawa and invites future Capt Kevin Vieneer
nominations for Tribute.
27 Meal planning for exercises
A local officer shares her ideas for taking the guesswork
(and stress) out of preparing food for exercises.
Capt Nancy Marshall
30 CIC to celebrate 100th anniversary
Learn more about plans for 2009 and how to become
LCol Tom McGrath
31 Joining the new Reserve Force pension plan
Have you earned enough over the past two years to become
a member of the new Reserve Force Pension plan?
Maj Al Memess
32 Support to cadet activities, with or without pay

Policy has been amended to allow Cadet Instructors to
supervise optional cadet activities, paid or not.
Maj Al Memess
33 More on the new CF Leadership Doctrine and you
Good morale starts with leaders Lt(N) Darin McRae
Time to take stock?
Do you stack up as a morale-builder in your 34 Cadet Program Update
corps or squadron? High morale starts with Answers to commonly asked questions
Cadet Program leaders and is reflected in happy Capt Catherine Griffin
cadets who will win friends within the community
for your corps or squadron.
Maj Bob MacKay

2 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007

Drug and alcohol use is a problem among youth
everywhere. Canadian youth are no exception. As a
cross-section of Canadian youth, some cadets will try
drugs and alcohol and some may use them on ‘cadet
What can we do about it? Can we spot cadets who

10 have a problem? How can we promote a drug-free

environment in our corps and squadrons? Are there
legal limitations? We will discuss the subject in our
Winter issue.
FRONT COVER Other articles in our next issue will include one on
Volunteers: Keep the lifeblood flowing what New Zealand does to develop its New Zealand
The Royal Canadian Sea Cadet National Regatta is just one of Cadet Force officers and another on the new CIC
thousands of events each year supported by volunteers. Here, Learning Centre website, designed to make learning
volunteer Gary Garnett (former DND/CF vice-chief of the easier for corps and squadron leaders. As well, a
defence staff and a vice-president of the Navy League) chats civilian volunteer describes the anti-bullying and
with the national champions at this year’s regatta in Kingston, mentoring program she has created that is receiving
Ont.—PO2 James Bone, left, from 201 Sea Cadet Corps rave reviews from the air cadet squadron she
GRILSE in Port Moody, B.C., and PO2 Nicholas Kiefer, volunteers with.
81 Sea Cadet Corps HAMPTON GRAY, VC, in Nelson, B.C.
(Photo by Jerrod Riley) Copy deadlines for the Winter and Spring/
Summer issues are October 12 and January 31,
2008 respectively. If you are interested in writing
for an upcoming issue, or have a story idea,
please contact the editor in advance at
marshascott@cogeco.ca, scott.mk@cadets.net or

4 Opening notes
5 Letters

26 6 News and Notes

36 Viewpoint
38 Test your knowledge
Freedom’s Wings
Teaching disabled cadets to fly
An international non-profit program provides glider flight training
to young people with disabilities—including cadets who cannot be
accommodated by the Cadet Program’s gliding centres.
Peter Musters

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 3

OPENING NOTES Col Craig Fletcher

It is important to note, however, that

there is increasing competition
among organizations for a dwindling Issue 23 Fall 2007
number of volunteers. With this in Cadence is a professional development tool for
officers of the Cadet Instructors Cadre (CIC)
mind, we must value our volunteers and civilian instructors of the Cadet Program.
and ensure that the Cadet Program Secondary audiences include others involved
with or interested in the Cadet Program.
supports and encourages communi-
The magazine is published three times a year
ty participation and engagement. We by Chief Reserves and Cadets—Public Affairs,
hope that the articles inside give you on behalf of Directorate Cadets.
some insight into nurturing and Views expressed do not necessarily
retaining your volunteers. reflect official opinion or policy.
Editorial policy and back issues
Two other articles in this issue that of Cadence are available online at
caught my eye are “idea-sharing” http://cadets.ca/support/cadence/intro_e.asp.

articles—articles by your peers who Managing editor:

Lt(N) Julie Harris,
want to share practices that have Chief Reserves and Cadets—Public Affairs
worked in their corps and Editor:
squadrons. Capt Nancy Marshall Marsha Scott, Antian Professional Services
shares her ‘secrets’ on meal planning
Contact information
for exercises, and Maj Guy Peterson
Editor, Cadence
shares his thoughts on the value of Directorate Cadets
broad-based competition to retain and Junior Canadian Rangers
National Defence Headquarters
cadets. Sharing ideas and best prac- 101 Colonel By Drive
tices like this is fundamental to any Ottawa ON, K1A 0K2
good organization’s evolution. Email:

Proud to join I was equally caught up in the enthu-

siasm of Capt Jacqueline Zweng,
CadetNet at cadence@cadets.net or

the team who writes this issue’s Viewpoint on

being a commanding officer. “It’s
Tel: 1-800-627-0828
Fax: 613-996-1618
not as scary as it seems,” she says,
encouraging all CIC officers to take Distribution

t gives me great pride to join the

Col Fletcher is
the new Director
I team of partners who devote
themselves heart and soul to such a
the plunge.
These attitudes towards continuous
Cadence is distributed by the Directorate Technical
Information and Codification Services (DTICS)
Publications Depot to cadet corps and squadrons,
regional cadet support units and their sub-units,
Cadets and Junior large, diverse and challenging pro- learning and growth, as well as senior National Defence/CF officials and selected
Canadian Rangers the enthusiasm I have encountered league members.
gram. Although I may be a newcom-
to date, are reflective of a Cadet corps and squadrons not receiving
er to Directorate Cadets and Junior Cadence or wanting to update their distribution
Canadian Rangers, what is not new Cadet Program that is healthy and information should contact their Area Cadet
to me is the knowledge that, like thriving. Officer/Cadet Adviser.
so many organizations in Canada, It is fantastic to see so much of your
Translation Bureau
the Cadet Program depends on vol- input in your professional develop- Public Works and Government Services Canada
unteers to make it thrive and grow. ment magazine. You have really Art direction:
taken Cadence under your wing ADM(PA) Director Public Affairs
The Statistics Canada 2004 Canada Products and Services CS07-0250
Survey on Giving, Volunteering and and made it your own. Continue to
Participating (the most recent survey send your feedback, articles and
of its kind) says that 11.8 million comments!
Canadians (45 percent of the popu- Your dedication to deliver the Cadet
lation aged 15 and older) volunteer Program is an inspiration, and I look
their time to charities and other non- forward to my tenure with you and
profit organizations. Certainly, the the best youth organization in the
Cadet Program benefits greatly country.
from tens of thousands of these

4 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007


Your timely article on the possible any leases or rental agreements The feature regarding "homelessness" of cadet corps
dangers of leasing unit quarters should be in the name of the spon- (Spring/Summer 2007) will probably come as a sur-
(Proceed with caution: signing soring committee, which must be an prise to many across the country. It is an unfortunate
leases can be dangerous, Spring/ incorporated society. reality, but thankfully these corps/squadrons have
Summer 2007) needs some not given up. Through the hard work of the staff and
clarification. Obtaining competent legal advice is cadets they continue to deliver their program while
crucial in these circumstances: spon- coping with uncertainty and hardship.
As pointed out, sponsoring commit- soring committees simply cannot
tee members should never sign leas- afford NOT to! With the article focussing mainly on what types of
es in their own names; however, problems these corps/squadrons are having, I think
corps/squadrons are not legal enti- Geoffrey Johnston, the next steps could be figuring out how to address
ties in their own right, and using the President, British Columbia them. Rather than trying to print all the suggestions
name of the corps/squadron might Provincial Committee that people probably have, perhaps this problem
very well result in liability to the Air Cadet League of Canada could be addressed in a forum on CadetNet.
committee members who sign the Richmond, BC
lease. To limit this personal liability, Capt Edison McLean
Program Delivery Officer
Junior Canadian Rangers

Today is my 19th birthday which Cadet Program takes youth seri- SAME ‘HOME’ FOR 95 YEARS
effectively ends my seven-year ously and provides them with con-
cadet career. In this seven years I structive activities and opportuni-
achieved more then I had ever ties they would otherwise never After reading the article ‘Homeless’, I realize how fortunate
thought possible. receive. our cadet corps is. We have been in our local armory since
1912—one year after our formation. Although it is a small
Years of hard work and unrivaled So thank you for doing what you armory compared to many, we have all we really need: a
passion paid off in what has been do, and keep up the good work! parade square for drill and ranges, three classrooms, an
the most rewarding thing I have administration/training office and a supply room.
ever done in my life. My experience Jeffrey Scott
will continue to provide me with 534 Air Cadet Squadron I have great respect and admiration for those CIC officers
fond memories and many more Peterborough, ON that have to work out of their vehicles, and have to con-
rewards. stantly change locations. It takes a great deal of dedica-
tion to work with cadets and those “homeless” corps/
Everyone involved in the Cadet squadrons are lucky to have the commitment and
Program is, in my mind, involved resourcefulness of these officers.
in the production of Canada's
future leaders. In Canada, it seems Capt Diane Scott
the youth are not taken as seriously 318 Army Cadet Corps
as they should be by politicians and Woodstock, NB
other influential adults. But the


I recently read the article enti- Edwards, when in fact it was choices every year. In 1996, as officer and this evaluation
tled “Cadet Selections and an article I wrote and submit- commanding officer (CO) of process was one I designed and
awards: A year-long, transpar- ted to Lt(N) Edwards to for- 237 TRUXTON Sea Cadet implemented to deal with cadet
ent process” (Spring/Summer ward to you. Corps in Lawn, N.L., I saw selections.
2006). I believe there was some that there had to be a better
misinterpretation when the Further, the article states, “This system for selecting cadets for Lt(N) Maurice Tarrant
article was submitted. It indi- is a dilemma for many awards and various positions.” Marksmanship program officer
cates the author as Lt(N) Tom corps/squadron officers and In 1996, I was commanding 237 Sea Cadet Corps
staff faced with making these Lawn, NL

Cadence reserves the right to edit for length and clarity. Please restrict your letters to 250 words.

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 5


LCdr Marcotte
completes his 7115-
CF officer cycles across Canada
kilometre journey
on Parliament Hill
in Ottawa.
for military families
For some officers working with the The CDS Military Family Fund was joined by friends. He often camped
Cadet Program, cycling is a hobby. created last April to allow CF base and occasionally stayed with friends
For LCdr Jean Marcotte, public commanders, partnered with and family. Sometimes, he splurged
affairs co-ordinator for Chief Military Family Resource Centres on a motel, but later admitted to
Reserves and Cadets, cycling is a across the country, to assist military sleeping better in his tent.
Gen Hillier
accepts a cheque passion. His passion helped him raise families in need.
more than $2000 this past summer As he passed through villages and
from LCdr Marcotte On June 2, LCdr Marcotte left cities along the route, he was often
for the CDS Military for the CDS Military Family Fund.
Ottawa/Gatineau to cycle to buoyed by the reception he received
Family Fund. Using his annual military leave, Newfoundland, dip his bike into the from fellow Canadians. Some
LCdr Marcotte cycled 7115 kilome- Atlantic and then fly to Victoria to allowed him to camp in their yards;

tres across Canada in 52 days. do the same in the Pacific Ocean. others offered meals. Certainly, in
From there, he cycled east to arrive sometimes gruelling circumstances,
back home in Gatineau, Que., meals were the high point of the day.
on July 24. The next day, he cycled During his journey he enjoyed “the
from his home to Parliament Hill, best hamburger in the world”, a cou-
where Chief of the Defence ple of five-pound lobsters and to his
Staff General Rick Hillier wel- delight, an omelette with maple
comed him home and accepted syrup, wrapped in a pancake.
his donation.
To make a donation to the
Suffering mosquito bites, a Military Family Fund in LCdr
succession of flat tires, severe Marcotte’s name, call 1-877-445-
wear and tear on his bike 6444 or visit the website at
and the elements along the www.cfpsa.com/en/index.asp and
way, LCdr Marcotte often click on “donations”.
cycled alone on his jour-
ney. Intermittently, he was

6 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007

Air Cadet League’s officer of the year

Maj David Kerr of Penticton, B.C., is acted as interim commanding officer

the Air Cadet League’s “officer of the for 902 Air Cadet Squadron in
year” for 2006. He received his cita- Summerland in 2004/2005 and for
tion at the Albert Head Cadet 243 Air Cadet Squadron in Kelowna
Summer Training Centre in Victoria in 2005/2006. In that same training
in June, where he was working as year, he mentored a young designat-
wing training officer. He received ed commanding officer for 223
the citation for “making a significant Squadron in Vernon, Capt Chris
difference to the youth of Canada Shewchuk. “Maj Kerr always made
and for exemplifying the virtues of time to answer questions and provide
loyalty, integrity, leadership and men- guidance,” says Capt Shewchuk.
torship” in support of the air cadet “He was instrumental in my rapid
program. and unexpected development as an
officer and has been a source of
As Area CIC Officer (ACICO) for inspiration since I was a cadet.”
the Okanagan Region of British
Columbia, Maj Kerr has provided Maj Kerr’s previous awards include a
administrative assistance to the provincial presidential citation in

region’s eight squadrons since 2003. 2003 and a certificate of honour in
However, his service has gone far 2006, both from the B. C. Maj Kerr accepts his CIC Officer of the Year citation
beyond that since he first enrolled as Committee of the Air Cadet League. from Col (ret’d) Len Jenks, past national president of
a CIC officer in 1988. the Air Cadet League. (DND/CF photo)
In civilian life, Maj Kerr is Penticton
Under his leadership as commanding area site supervisor for the B. C.
officer, 259 Air Cadet Squadron in Corps of Commissionaires. In 2002,
Penticton became the top squadron in he was recognized as Penticton’s
British Columbia in 2002. In addition “Man of the Year”.
to his duties as an ACICO, Maj Kerr

Long service recognized

Did you know that about half of the Few people have achieved four
third clasps to the Canadian Forces clasps, and only two people have
Decoration (CD) are awarded to ever received five clasps—the Queen
members of the Cadet Instructors Mother and Air Commodore
Cadre? A total of 58 third clasps were Leonard Birchall, Canada's longest-
awarded in 2006. Although the serving air force officer with 62 years
breakdown for CIC officers was not of service.
yet available for 2006, 22 out of 42,
24 out of 51 and 14 of 25 went to Requests for CDs or CD clasps must
CIC members in 2005, 2004 and be made by a CIC member’s com-
manding officer (CO) directly to the

2003 respectively.
Directorate of Honours and Maj Yvon Savoie, CO of Regional Cadet
The CD is awarded after 12 years of Recognition. The medal is then sent Instructors School (Pacific) since 1991,
service. A clasp is awarded for every directly to the CO for presentation. receives his third clasp to the CD in April
subsequent 10 years of qualifying from Cdr Rick Mountford, commander,
service. Submitted by LCdr Gerry Pash,
regional public affairs officer (Pacific). Regional Cadet Support Unit (Pacific).
Maj Savoie’s service includes 22 years in
direct support of the Cadet Program.

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 7


One current CIC officer and one former CIC officer have been invested as
Prestigious award Members of the Order of Merit (MOM) of the Police Forces. They are LCol
Wayne Kopan of Abbotsford, B. C., currently regional advisor (Pacific) with

for CIC officers the CIC Branch Advisory Council and an RCMP inspector; and Capt (ret’d)
Joseph Browne, formerly commanding officer (CO) of 2515 Army Cadet
Corps in St. John’s, N. L., and the chief of police for The Royal Newfoundland
The Order was created in October 2000 to recognize conspicuous merit and
exceptional service by members and employees of the Canadian police forces
whose contributions extend beyond community protection. The three levels of
membership—Commander, Officer and Member—reflect long-term, outstand-
ing service in varying degrees of responsibility. Governor General Michaelle
Jean also invested 40 other Canadians with their MOM insignia last May; one
Canadian as Commander of the Order and another 10 as officers.
LCol Kopan has served in several local corps in British Columbia since he was
commissioned as a CIC officer in 1981. He has also served as deputy CO and
CO of Vernon Cadet Summer Training Centre.
In 1996, he was appointed Area CIC Officer (Land) for the Lower
Mainland/Fraser Valley region of the province. In addition to assisting and
coaching COs of 15 army cadet corps in the region, he was CO of 72 Army
Cadet Corps in Vancouver in 1998/1999 and 2812 Army Cadet Corps in
Surrey in 1999/2000. He also served as liaison officer to the B.C. branch of the
Army Cadet League.
LCol Kopan was a catalyst for influencing national policy changes with the
RCMP and the CF, which resulted in RCMP members being permitted to
serve concurrently as CF Reserve officers in the CIC.
Further information on Capt (ret’d) Brown was not available at press time.

< LCol Kopan is invested as a Member of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces last May
by Governor General Jean.

New Rank for Air Cadets

As of Sept. 1, air cadets added

the new rank of flight corporal
proficiency level two of the local
(FCpl) to their rank structure.
training program and preferably, a
FCpls Courtney Shields and Eric familiarization summer course.
Beauregard, both from 632 Air
To help squadron commanding
Cadet Squadron in Orleans, Ont.,
officers reach a proper ratio between
became the first cadets to be pro-
sergeants and flight sergeants during
moted to the new rank during a
the new rank’s introductory year,
rank introduction ceremony in
COs will have the discretion—for
Ottawa last June.
2007-2008 only—to waive the profi-
To be promoted to flight corporal, a ciency level four requirement for
cadet must have completed at least promotion to flight sergeant to help
six months of satisfactory service at fill their flight sergeant vacancies.
Michel Cataford, president of the Air Cadet League, and the substantive rank of corporal,
LCol Francois Gaboury, senior staff officer for air cadets at
Directorate Cadets, with FCpls Shields and Beauregard.
(Photo by Myriam Bower)
8 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007
CIC officer takes part
in CF Recognition Day
Capt Steve Stephenson, commanding In keeping with this year’s theme of
officer (CO) of 2918 Army Cadet “Supporting those who support us”,
Corps in Kingsville, Ont., was among Leslie received a Distinguished
12 CF members honoured during Service Medallion for the personal
this year’s CF Recognition Day in the sacrifices she has made over the
House of Commons in June. years to help Capt Stephenson serve
the Cadet Program.
Each year, the 12-member CF con-
tingent consists of deserving junior Capt Stephenson was still flying high
and senior non-commissioned mem- when he went this summer to super-
bers, as well as junior officers from vise cadets on the power pilot schol-
the Navy, Army, Air Force and arship in London, Ont.
Reserve Forces.
CF Recognition Day in the House of
“Nominations can come from any- Commons is the centrepiece of the
where—your corps/squadron, or CF Recognition Program. Regular
even your detachment, as was the and Reserve Force personnel across
case with me,” says Capt Canada can apply or be considered
Stephenson. “About 1000 nomina- for participation.
tions were put forward for the day
and I was lucky enough to be cho- If you would like to nominate a CIC
sen. It was an inspiring and hum- member to take part in CF

bling experience.” Recognition Day 2008, June 1 to 3,
submit your nomination through for picking up event costs for their Capt Stephenson
In addition to appearing in the your chain of command to your candidates. and wife Leslie at
House of Commons, Capt Environmental Command, or to the Rideau Hall for the
Further information is available in
Stephenson and his wife, Leslie, took Assistant Deputy Minister (Human Chief of the Defence
part in a number of events over five Resources-Military). Commands Staff Ball.
Recognition P{rogram 2007-08. The
days, including the Chief of Defence determine their own selection and
deadline for 2008 applications is
Staff Ball. scoring criteria and are responsible
April 15, 2008.

Marketing through You Tube

Today’s youths demand customization in very aspect of their lives, says a November 2006
article on Media Innovation Awards in Marketing magazine. The article says that when
seeking Alberta teens to work for the company, McDonald’s Restaurants of Canada
abandoned traditional media for a mixture of specific teen vehicles that had a personal
“voice” and relevance to their chosen target. Among other things, McDonald’s drove
teens to the Web.
Directorate of Cadets is also using the Web to customize its marketing for teens. It has
placed videos, designed to draw teens to the Cadet Program, on YouTube.
YouTube is a popular video-sharing website—particularly among teens—where users can
upload, view, and share video clips. Site content includes movie and television clips and music
videos, as well as amateur content such as video-blogging and short original videos.
If you are interested in checking out one of the promotional Cadet Program videos, you can access the following links:

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 9



Retired MGen Lionel Bourgeois, a former national president with the Air Cadet League, is one of
many retired military personnel who volunteer with the Cadet Program. Here, he acts as reviewing
officer at the 2006 graduation of cadets from the cadet summer training centre in Trenton, Ont.

Keep the lifeblood flowing

This dry, legalistic definition is nec- your local program and the needs of
Volunteers are the lifeblood
essary in a document like the MOU, your volunteers is crucial to the suc-
of the Cadet Program. signed in December of 2005. But for cess of retaining them.
those of you who depend on volun-
The above description is perhaps a teers to make the Cadet Program Of course, volunteers have different
little closer to your heart than the work in your community, volunteers reasons for volunteering. According
definition of “volunteer” in the are living, breathing entities with to the Statistics Canada 2004 Canada
Memorandum of Understanding skills, interests and talents that can Survey on Giving, Volunteering and
between the Department of National greatly benefit your local program. Participating, the top three reasons for
Defence and the leagues concerning volunteering were: to make a contri-
roles and responsibilities regarding How volunteer efforts can help meet bution to the community, to use
the delivery of the Cadet Program in local program needs is obvious. one’s skills and experiences, and
Canada. The MOU states that a Perhaps less obvious, however, is being affected by the cause support-
“volunteer” is: how you can meet the needs of your ed by the organization.
volunteers. Believe it or not, achiev-
“A person who provides services ing that ‘fit’ between the needs of The most common volunteers in the
directly to or on behalf of DND or Cadet Program are parents (family
the CF, without compensation or members) of cadets participating in
any other thing of value in lieu of “...volunteers are the program. Other volunteers have a
compensation in support of activities living, breathing entities multitude of reasons for helping out.
defined as cadet duty, and who has Knowing those reasons will help you
been screened and approved in
with skills, interests
inspire—and keep—your volunteers.
accordance with the common league and talents that can
and DND process.” greatly benefit your
local program.”
10 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007
“Achieving that ‘fit’ between the needs of your local program
and the needs of your volunteers is crucial to the success of
retaining them.”

Former cadet Wade

Responsibility Each league delivers its own league-
Hofman, right,
required training, which includes
for volunteers helps OCdt Shaun
orientation. Workshops and semi-
Under the MOU, both local officers nars—national, provincial/Division Simpson set up a
and local league representatives are or local—are the preferred vehicles navigation course
responsible for ensuring the author- for delivery. The Army Cadet last May for cadets
ized use of volunteers in accordance League in particular is placing new from 2512 Army
with national policies. Additional emphasis on creating a coherent Cadet Corps in
responsibilities are set out below. strategy to support its volunteer Cochrane, Alta. He
training. (See “Volunteer training” on volunteers for field
Local officers are responsible for:
page 14.) exercises, special
• Identifying requirements for vol- events and an occa-
unteers to sponsoring commit- In co-operation with the leagues, sional parade night,
tees/Branches Directorate Cadets has developed
even though it is a
volunteer screening policies. It has
• Identifying and delivering DND- 440-kilometre
also developed Cadet Administration
required training round trip from his
and Training Order (CATO) 23-07 to
give direction to commanding officers home to the corps.
Local league representatives are (Photo by Kat
responsible for: on how they can involve volunteers
in corps and squadron activities. Hofman)
• Identifying and screening poten- According to this CATO, COs must
tial volunteers monitor the performance of all civil-
• Submitting screening results to ian volunteers on an ongoing basis,
the Provincial League are authorized to suspend a volun- lifeblood flowing. Certainly, the goal
• Providing corps/squadron com- teer’s participation, or request that a of officers and the leagues should be
manding officers with lists of volunteer complete a new application a thriving list of satisfied, happy vol-
approved volunteers and reliability screening. unteers who clearly benefit the
Cadet Program.
• Identifying and delivering league- Ultimately, CIC officers are respon-
required training sible for the day-to-day, hands-on To help, articles on the next few
supervision and direction of all vol- pages discuss a holistic approach to
Currently, there is no DND-required unteers and can, perhaps, make the working with volunteers, preventing
training for volunteers. greatest contribution to keeping the volunteer burnout and the impor-
tance of volunteer recognition.

Volunteering in Canada in 2004

• 11.8 million Canadians (45 percent of services, education and research, and • The average hours volunteered varied
the population aged 15 and older) vol- religious organizations. from a high of 199 hours in British
unteered their time to charities and Columbia to a low of 132 hours in
• Volunteer rates were highest among
other non-profit organizations. Nunavut.
youth, those with university degrees,
• Volunteers contributed almost 2 billion those with household incomes over • The top three reasons for volunteering
volunteer hours to organizations—the $100 000, and those who attended were: to make a contribution to the
equivalent of 1 million full-time jobs. religious services weekly. community, to use one’s skills and expe-
riences, and being affected by the cause
• Canadian volunteers contributed an • The average hours volunteered was
supported by the organization.
average of 168 hours in 2004. highest among seniors, those with
lower levels of household income, and • 83 percent of the population, aged 15
• 11 percent of Canadians (the 25 per- those who attended religious services and older, helped others directly, with-
cent of volunteers who contributed weekly. out going through a charitable or
180 hours or more) accounted for 77 other non-profit organization.
percent of volunteer hours. • The rate of volunteering varied from a
high of 54 percent in Saskatchewan to Source: Statistics Canada: 2004 Canada
• Canadians volunteered most often a low of 34 percent in Quebec.
with sports and recreation, social Survey on Giving, Volunteering and

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 11


Volunteer recognition

includes planning, recruitment, orien- promotion of your event are all free.
tation and training, as well as super- They can help you promote volun-
vision and evaluation. teerism with your corps and
squadron, and celebrate.
Each year, Volunteer Canada launches
National Volunteer Week—scheduled Volunteer recognition events can be
for April 27 to May 3 in 2008. If creative and inexpensive, anything
you are looking for a more formal from a cake and coffee night to creat-
way to pay tribute to your volunteers, ing a thank-you slide show featuring
the website gives you all sorts of ideas photos from the past year of your
for organizing local events during volunteers in action. A token might

that week. be as simple as a framed photo of

The sister of a A good resource for anyone your staff holding a sign that says
working with volunteers is The National Volunteer Week
cadet, Mielsa “thank you”. Or a framed group
Volunteer Canada’s website at website (http://new.volunteer.ca/en/
Hirsh-Pearson, photo of your current volunteers.
www.volunteer.ca. Volunteer Canada, volcan/nvw/sitemap) can help you
centre, volunteers
funded in part by the Department of kick-start your own corps/ squadron Remember that even though
on Friday nights
Canadian Heritage, offers informa- volunteer recognition campaign. National Volunteer Week is the
and during comp-
tion on promoting volunteerism, Take a look at what others have time in which most volunteers
etitions to coach the
volunteer management, volunteer done. You can also click on “cam- are formally recognized, informal
volleyball team of
recognition and more. paign in a kit” for event ideas, pro- recognition is just as important.
690 Air Cadet
motional tips and more. The material We encourage you to recognize your
Squadron in
Recognition is one important link in to support your event, including post- volunteers throughout the year.
Beaconsfield, Que.
the volunteer management cycle that cards, posters and templates for the
(Photo by Capt
Dave Wakely)

A holistic approach to working

with volunteers
The most effective volunteer programs • Is volunteering at your corps/ squadron • Do you support your volunteers; can
take a holistic approach to working a two-way process? Do you meet the they access support when they need it?
with volunteers as human beings and pro- needs of your volunteers—give them
• Do you provide a range of projects to
vide places that welcome, support and opportunities to contribute, to have
give your volunteers opportunities to
encourage community participation and social contact and to gain skills?
think and use their initiative?
engagement. • Do you ask your volunteers for sugges-
• Are the boundaries between paid and
Answer these questions to assess whether tions and take those suggestions
unpaid staff clear and defined, without
your corps/squadron has a human-centred seriously?
creating conflict? In effective programs,
approach to volunteers. • Do leaders at all levels of your local volunteers recognize that they play dif-
corps/squadron value and recognize ferent but equally important roles to the
• Are your volunteers involved in the volunteer contributions?
core purpose and roles of your local paid staff.
program? • Do you provide your volunteers with
Adapted from “Working with Volunteers: a
adequate resources to do their jobs?
• Does your staff recognize the impor- Human Centred Approach” by Mark Creyton,
tance of your volunteers? • Do you recognize your volunteers Deb Olive and Stephen McGarrigle,
informally as well as formally? Volunteering Queensland Inc.

12 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007

Prevent volunteer burnout
Manage volunteer time efficiently. According to Statistics Canada, Canadians cite
lack of time as the greatest barrier to volunteering.

Did you know that in the Statistics Can you recognize burnout? Do to do something else, or rest.
Canada: 2004 Canada Survey on your volunteers suffer from a per- They may appreciate the change
Giving, Volunteering and Participating, sistent lack of energy and satisfac- and return more energized and
more than one-quarter of volunteers tion? Are they short on enthusiasm inspired.
said they did not volunteer more and motivation? Is their interest flag- • Promote a sense of accomplish-
because no one had asked them! ging? Do they lack a sense of ment. Ask your volunteers to help
The other side of this coin, however, humour and suffer from decreased set priorities so the most impor-
is that some volunteers are asked too self-confidence? tant tasks get done first.
The following tips may help you • Manage volunteer time efficiently.
In 2004, the top one-quarter of vol- keep your volunteers motivated: According to Statistics Canada,
unteers who contributed 180 hours Canadians cite lack of time as the
or more accounted for 77 percent of • Ensure goals are realistic, relevant greatest barrier to volunteering.
total volunteer hours. The top 10 per- and achievable. Don’t make your Be prepared so that you don’t
cent contributed 52 percent of all volunteers reach for an impossible waste people’s time. Plan well to
hours! target. Encourage your volunteers make efficient use of your volun-
to communicate concerns, so you teers. Ensure your volunteers
Active and committed volunteers are can deal with them as soon as pos- know exactly what is expected of Experienced
key. Experienced volunteers are sible. them. Tailor your volunteer jobs volunteers are
especially valuable because they • Keep the workload manageable. so that they can be accomplished especially valuable
already ‘know the ropes’. They are Expand timelines and re-evaluate in one, two or three hours at the because they
familiar with the work to be done the size of the job where possible. most. Most volunteers contribute already ‘know
and can inspire and lead new volun- Don’t overwork volunteers. less than five hours a week. the ropes’. Here,
teers. However, with volunteers jug- Spread the work around as much Scheduling in advance allows Ron Cleminson,
gling priorities and the many as possible and if necessary, iden- volunteers to manage their time an Air Cadet
demands on their time, volunteers tify the need for more volunteers. commitment. League volunteer
are susceptible to burnout. Don’t let one person take on too and a former air
much. Encourage volunteers to Source: Adapted from Hands for Nature: cadet who partici-
It is normal to lose volunteers as they A Volunteer Management Handbook, pated in the first
move to new places or on to new delegate.
created for Evergreen—a national non- ever international
interests. However, if you are losing • Give volunteers the opportunity profit environmental organization with air cadet exchange,
key volunteers after they have con- to say no, or take a break. It’s bet- a mandate to bring nature to our cities speaks to foreign
tributed a great deal of time and ter to have a volunteer temporari- through naturalization projects. cadets visiting
effort, you may have a burnout ly step away or take a lesser role Canada at the
situation. than to lose them altogether. (www.evergreen.ca/en/resources/resources/ Aviation Museum
Invite a hard-working volunteer hands/hands-04.html) in Ottawa
to take a break

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 13


Army Cadet League

especially Northern Canada) con-
duct little or no training, mostly due
free to do what you want, when you
Orientation and training are to cost and travel issues.
want and if you want. If we deliver
crucial to good volunteer training in a setting that is more like We recognize that this lack of coher-
management. work than fun, our volunteers are ent ongoing training, and its cousin
going to exercise their prerogative ‘no communication’, create all sorts
Only since the completion of the not to take part. Adequate funding of spin-off issues and inefficiencies.
Memorandum of Understanding to the provincial/territorial branches How to attack this from the national
(MOU) and the formalization of is necessary so that training can be level has been a big question. The
league responsibilities have we in the professionally delivered in an attrac- Army Cadet League’s executive has
leagues found it necessary to come tive setting by knowledgeable facili- been discussing with some urgency
to grips with training. Cadet tators. Here lies our biggest chal- what scope or format of training sup-
Program volunteers across Canada lenge—money, space and people. port the national level can success-
are looking to us for more structured fully deliver to provincial and terri-
leadership and guidance than in the The Army Cadet League is starting
Although Doug torial branches. The subjects being
past. The Army Cadet League is to tap every resource it has to
Smith’s children considered are:
moving in that direction, but we do develop a solid volunteer training
graduated from program. Only now—after one year • League orientation (The structure
not expect it to be easy.
Cadets years ago, of formally identifying and organiz- and the parameters of work)
he stayed on as a In the past, training was delivered ing volunteers at corps—are we start-
volunteer with exclusively by provincial and territo- • The partnership (interaction with
ing to get a handle on what league
2824 Army rial branches. A large or well-funded DND)
training entails.
Cadet Corps in branch could afford to deliver a wide • Fundraising (the law and the
Mississauga, Ont. range of seminars to orient and train opportunities)
Here, he supports volunteers. Other branches had a Cadet Program • Standard first aid (a course for all
the qualified abseil more difficult time, and with the volunteers across corps volunteers and instructors)
instructor by check- turnover in the volunteer pool, we
ing a cadet’s always seemed to be behind the
Canada are looking • Wilderness first aid (a specialist
to us for more structured course)
harness prior curve.
to abseiling. • Public relations (a hands-on prac-
The league is aware that the best leadership and guidance tical seminar)

part of being a volunteer is being than in the past. • Managing your volunteers (and
why it differs from the workplace)
The larger provinces have been ori-
Taking these seemingly serious sub-
enting and training their sponsoring
jects and rendering them into fun
committee volunteers for years.
and formative conferences and semi-
British Columbia, for instance, suc-
nars that volunteers will enjoy and
cessfully orients everyone involved
remember is one way we can help
in the army cadet program in that
(and retain) our volunteers in an
province during a single “Pillars
increasingly professional and well-
Conference”, explaining in clear
run organization.
terms the issues and opportunities
for DND/Army Cadet League part- Terrence Whitty is the executive director of
nership. Alberta, Ontario and the Army Cadet League.
Quebec have delivered sponsoring
committee (support committee in
Ontario) training for years and have
led the way in developing seminar
materials for volunteers. Other
provinces are picking up this task
slowly, but smaller provinces (and

14 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007

Jerrod Riley

Each of the three leagues has similar information as well as provide it. However, workshops will remain
challenges when it comes to volun- Feedback from workshops at our the key ingredient in our training
teer training. While many of our national and Division annual general mix.
training initiatives are developed meetings allows us to continually
independently, our national offices do Jerrod Riley is the national deputy
adapt our material—addressing the
collaborate on common issues (like needs of our volunteers as they see director of the Navy League.
the MOU) and share best practices. them, not as we in Ottawa think
they might be.
Volunteer training is one of eight
national strategic objectives for the At this year’s annual general meeting,
Navy League, and we have adapted we provided workshops on strategic
the experience we have gained from planning, governance and financial
training Navy League Cadet Officers management. The financial manage-
to training all our volunteers to ment workshop proved particularly
support our programs effectively. popular. Our treasurer, Peter Martin,
has also been crisscrossing the nation
While technology has made the to share his wisdom (and humour).
process easier with distance learning When he has not been available,
packages, instructional guides and we have provided copies of his
improved communication, the work- presentation and support materials to
shop format has proven to be the the Divisions.

most popular and effective method LCdr Marie Bourinot, Regional Cadet Sea Training Officer
of developing our volunteer pool. In the coming year, we will release a (Atlantic) with Navy League volunteer Gary Garnett at the
series of updated guides for our national Royal Canadian Sea Cadet Regatta in Kingston,
Interpersonal connections through members, and expand distance Ont., in August. (Photo by Jerrod Riley)
workshops allow us to collect learning material on our website.

Air Cadet League

Sarah Putinski
The Air Cadet League attempts to out financial statements) and fre-
provide its volunteers with the basic quently asked questions to assist
skills they need to work at the provincial and sponsoring commit-
provincial and local levels, as this tee chairpersons in performing
has proven most effective. league duties. These are all available
on the league’s website.
Information for volunteers is deliv-
ered through a series of seminars With a more user-friendly policy
and presentations aimed at develop- and procedures manual in produc-
ing knowledge of the league and tion (among other things), the goal is
providing the tools essential to main- to keep volunteers informed no mat-
taining a squadron sponsoring com- ter what their level of technological
mittee and effective volunteers. comprehension and to make them
feel that they are not alone and are
The league has limited self-directed
in fact backed by an efficient support
learning tools available at the
moment. It has, however, developed
a compilation of handbooks (on sub- Sarah Putinski is the administration officer,
jects such as public relations, volun- communications and media, for the Air

teer screening, how to start an effec- Cadet League. Parent volunteers help staff and cadets from 52 Air Cadet
tive speaking competition and fill Squadron in Calgary, sort bottles following a fund-raising
bottle drive.

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 15


Good morale starts with leaders

Time to take stock?

High morale starts

with Cadet
Program leaders
and is reflected in
happy cadets, who
will spread their
throughout the com-
munity and win
friends for the
(Photo by Lt(N)
Paul Simas) >

Morale is the “mental condition or attitude with regard to courage,

confidence, enthusiasm etc.”, says the Canadian Gage Dictionary. Officers’
Basically, morale applies to the attitude of a group of people who responsibility
share common goals. A group has good morale if it is willing Senior CIC officers get to the top
to plan enthusiastically and work efficiently and harmoniously because of their ability as leaders,
and building morale is first of all a
as a team to attain its purpose.
leadership problem and job.
In the Cadet Program, as elsewhere, High morale spreads outward from Successful leaders take pride in the
good morale starts with leaders. Is it corps/squadron leaders. Cadets who teams they are in charge of. Morale
time to take your personal morale- are happy in their roles, have confi- and team spirit are the products of
building inventory? (See sidebar) dence and have co-operative rela- consistently high character displayed
tions with their officers will spread over a period of years. Loyalty and
High or low their contentment throughout the efficiency are not created overnight
morale? community and win friends for the by some code, appeal, promise or
corps/squadron. What cadets say hand-out. They arise out of a
No one will deny the emotional ben-
about their corps/squadron is a leader’s personality.
efits of being in a group that has
potent force in public relations.
high morale, but there is more to it The character of leadership includes
than emotional pleasure. High Consider, now, the situation when forethought in the interest of cadets,
morale generates thinking and plan- morale is low. Cadets feel no great fairness and impartiality, willingness
ning, stimulates initiative and enter- responsibility for the success of their to listen to complaints and sugges-
prise and is the most important corps/squadron. There is significant tions, giving credit where due and
ingredient of efficiency. It is only in turnover and excessive absenteeism. being honest in living up to promis-
this atmosphere that people are The corps/squadron can be plagued es. But in addition to these necessary
inspired to seek the best. High by disobedience, slow-downs and an qualities, officers who are most suc-
morale pays off in recruitment, job unconcern about quality. There can cessful in building morale are those
satisfaction and the effective opera- be friction, abuse of privileges and who are considerate of their people
tion of corps/squadrons. an all-around tension that is bad for in minor matters.
the health of everyone.
Great leaders are careful in dealing
with people. They know that it is
High morale pays off in recruitment, job satisfaction only possible for them to progress
and the effective operation of corps/squadrons. through other people. They do not

16 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007

Officers who are most successful in building concern them. The destructive
grapevine works hardest in organi-
morale are those who are considerate of their zations where management fails to
people in minor matters. provide necessary information to the
people involved. It is a childish and
boast only an open door policy; often damaging characteristic of peo-
What are the ple in every supervisory rank to
rather, they go through that open facts?
door to reach their team. hold back information to feed their
Cadets is a social unit. When every- ego with the thought that "I know
The joy of leadership—and thrill of one is contributing what he or she something you don't know."
being in charge of staff and cadets— has to give, ‘going to Cadets’
is in spending the last ounce of your Once upon a time, management's
becomes a social activity, yielding
management talent to see that the maxim was, "Don't tell employees
individuals respect and approval, as
people under you fulfil their greatest anything unless you have to."
well as a feeling of fellowship in
abilities in their roles. Enlightened management of today
making a contribution to society.
says, "Don't hold anything back
Co-operation Within this social unit there will be unless there's a good reason."
smaller groups. We should not con-
Co-operation—integral to good Finally, dare to take the “Start build-
demn cliques out-of-hand. Be angry,
morale—is one of the misused words ing morale” exercise in the sidebar
if you wish, about plotting cliques,
of our time. Some people ‘demand’ below. It will blow away the cobwebs
rumour-mongering cliques, catty
co-operation. They say, "Your co- from your thinking about morale-
cliques, subversive cliques and those
operation will be appreciated" when building.
sorts of cliques. At the same time, be
they really mean, "Do it, or else."
aware that there are certain normal Maj MacKay is the Area CIC Officer for
Don’t let this happen if you want to groupings that arise in organizations. New Brunswick and assists Regional
build good morale. Co-operation The foursome that always sits at the Cadet Instructors School (Atlantic) as a
must be practised by everyone— same table is most likely there course commander. He has been a com-
those who are supervising and those because it is made up of congenial manding officer and has held several posi-
who are supervised. Co-operation is spirits with similar interests. tions within local corps and squadrons.
voluntary, a two-way street, a way of He is also aide-de-camp to the lieutenant
living in which people work together Go on record governor of New Brunswick. In his civil-
to get something done. A fair index A significant part of morale-building ian life, he has filled several management
of a person's efficiency in manage- is keeping team members informed positions with the Royal Bank and is cur-
ment is the degree of working of matters that directly or indirectly rently operations adviser for Atlantic
together that exists. Canada.

Your personal inventory

If you are in charge of others, you may be interested in making a personal inventory along these lines:
• Am I developing good human relations with my people, or am I content with casual daily contact?
• Do I have some guiding principles in dealing with cadets, or am I going along from day to day, doing
the best I can according to how things look?
• Do I always seek the positive in a problem or a situation, or is my negative attitude putting a wet blanket on morale?
• Have I given thought to the fact that cadets have the human instincts and emotions that I have, perhaps differently
emphasized, or do I look upon them as ‘hands’ to help make the machinery run?

Start building morale

Whether or not you have a staff morale problem, you will gain something from this exercise.
Brain-storm the proposition: I can contribute something toward improving morale among my people.
Take an hour in solitude, a pen and a supply of paper. Write down as quickly as possible all the questions you can think
of that you would like to have answered about your staff and cadets. Don't worry if the questions seem to be trivial or
Then imagine that you are a junior officer or a cadet, and write down all the questions you would like to have answered
about the corps/squadron and about the commanding officer.
This is a great start toward solving the problem of building morale. Now you know what you need to learn about your
people to understand their wants, and what you have to tell them so they will become aware of the sort of
corps/squadron they work for and the sort of person you are.

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 17

and a can-do attitude
LCdr Peter Morin says he’s “a little nervous” “When I was a cadet, I got turned wearing only pyjamas and slippers—
about finally stepping up to the “big plate” down for a scuba course at a cadet was wandering down the snow-cov-
summer training centre,” says LCdr ered road ahead. The man could not
this year to take over command of 40 Sea
Morin. “From that time, I wanted to speak and about half an inch of ice
Cadet Corps FALKLAND in Ottawa. “I never become a certified diver and get div- had accumulated on his head. As a
felt that I was good with the ‘political’ ing going in Cadets. I wanted it so trained emergency medical care
side of things,” he says. “But hopefully, much that I sold my motorcycle to assistant, LCdr Morin knew exactly
I’ll grow from it.” get the $1000 to pay for my scuba what to do, just as he did in 2004
instructor’s course.” when he provided emergency first
This rare blend of humility with a aid on Cadet Sebastien Rioux dur-
can-do attitude will surely stand To date, he has certified more than ing a scuba training weekend in a
LCdr Morin in good stead as a com- 200 cadets in scuba diving—20 of remote part of Quebec. Cadet Rioux
manding officer. them currently with the corps. Last severed an artery in his right arm
June, he was training four cadets, when he accidentally put his arm
with several more on a waiting list.
“I think I’ve learned He can train only four cadets at a
through a window. He lost a massive
amount of blood, but LCdr Morin’s
to be much more time because he trains them mostly emergency care saved him. Mrs.
diplomatic and not in his swimming pool at home. Beth Jefferson, the cadet’s mother,
as quick to judge. “Cadets love scuba diving,” he says. later wrote, “Your medical training
“It teaches them a skill they can and professionalism got us through
I think I assess things carry on with outside of Cadets. It what could have been a tragedy
more carefully now.” teaches them a bit of physics and it’s were you not there for
good for physical fitness.” He says him.”
...LCdr Peter Morin
one of his biggest thrills was coming
out of a dive with several cadets and
LCdr Morin finds the idea of com- being greeted on shore by a “huge
mand daunting primarily because guy saying ‘hello sir’”. “I had no clue
he’s a hands-on kind of guy. Those who he was, but I’d trained him
hands-on abilities have earned him years before and he was still diving.”
high praise both inside and outside
LCdr Morin has also instructed one
the Cadet Program. In 1999, he
CIC officer to the dive master level
received a commendation from the
so the officer can supervise diving.
Ottawa-Carleton Region for rescu-
He has heard of only two other
ing a mentally challenged person
CIC officers who are qualified
who wandered from a group home
scuba instructors.
in a snow storm. In 2002, he
received the Navy League On ‘civvie street’, LCdr Morin
Meritorious Service Award. In 2004, works for the City of Ottawa.
he received the Navy League In the winter, he drives a
National President’s Commendation snow plow. That’s what
and a Department of National he was doing when he
Defence commendation for provid- rescued the mental-
ing life-saving care to an injured ly challenged
cadet. person,
The new CO is also concerned that
he will no longer have as much time
to devote to his passion for scuba div-
ing. Back in 1987, when scuba diving
was virtually unheard of as a local
cadet activity, he initiated a scuba div-
ing program at FALKLAND.

18 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007

amalgamated and he’d lost his job as If his history is any indicator, LCdr LCdr Morin,
road inspector; however, he’s deter- Morin will do just fine as CO of 40 with his son in
Cadets love scuba mined to “get up there again.” the background,
Sea Cadet Corps. If he needs any
diving. It teaches help, he can always call on the assis- prepares for
That same determination was evi- a dive.
them a skill they can dent in 1976, when, as a young
tance of his wife Connie, a Scout
leader, or his 17-year-old son (one of
carry on with outside cadet, he received the highest mark
two), a cadet who seems determined
in Ontario on his petty officer’s
of Cadets. exam.
to follow in his dad’s footsteps. That
is perhaps the biggest tribute of all.
LCdr Morin has always loved
At FALKLAND, LCdr Morin has Cadets. “I enjoy it as much as the
been a supply officer, boats officer, cadets do. It’s been part of my life
training officer and executive officer. since I was 16 years old and I can’t Cadence would like
He’s taken courses in rappelling, see myself not doing it,” he says.
winter indoctrination, range safety,
to continue Tribute as a
Since becoming a CIC officer in
small bore and air rifle, and basic 1982, he admits he’s learned a thing
regular feature. If you believe
canoe instructor. Instructing seems or two. “I think I’ve learned to be someone is deserving of
to come naturally to him. He also much more diplomatic and not as
trains City of Ottawa employees on this tribute, please email
quick to judge,” he says. “I think I
heavy equipment. assess things more carefully now.” your nomination to
His civilian job has taught him to be He’s also learned to always give staff marshascott@cogeco.ca
challenges. “I don’t want to see them
flexible and optimistic. He used to
stuck, but everyone likes to be chal-
or scott.mk@cadets.net.
have a higher position with the city,
but he came to work one morning to lenged,” he says. “When they learn Or call 905-468-9371.
find his desk cleared. The city had something, the next step is to teach it
to someone else.”

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 19

SHARING IDEAS Maj Guy Peterson

Cadet retention
The power of competition to increase retention

Every year around December, the Cadet

Program parades nearly 70 000 cadets.
On average, 15 000 of them will leave
before June. Some explain this loss by
saying that “The training programs
are boring and cadets do not like
the school-like environment.”

According to statistics, however,

only 1.9 percent of cadets say they
are leaving because what we offer is
too much like school. The main
reason, cadets say, is that the local
experience “is not challenging

Cpl Valérie Vachon, foreground, practises with other 2920
I have found that nothing Corps band members in preparation for competition
brings teenagers closer and We were very good at biathlon and
Involve your
gets them more excited than cadets in broad shooting, but there was room for
the prospect of showing what only 15 cadets in these two activities
competition combined. We had 57 cadets.
they are made of. Teenagers Competition—in both drill and
Then we made the conscious deci-
thrive on competition. band—has proved to be a great reten-
sion to compete on a broader scale.
tion strategy in the army cadet corps
I work with. Now we have 24 cadets on our com-
petitive drill team, and our band
Until a few years ago, we did not may have to turn down musicians
It is that blunt and simple: they reg-
have a drill team. Our band had dif- next year because we have instru-
ister and quickly fall into a routine
ficulty retaining 10 cadets per year. ments for only 40 people! Our band
that fails to excite them.
Our only two competitive teams were had eight members in 2003. Our
Attracting teenagers is easy; keeping biathlon and shooting teams. current band has been the provincial
them interested means putting your- concert champion for the past two
self in their shoes and understanding years. In addition, our corps is
that they are not obligated to stick What does involved in volleyball, curling, bowl-
around if you do not deliver on your competition do ing, swimming, physical fitness, kin-
promise to deliver excitement. ball, marksmanship and adventure
for our corps? training competition with other
Is what you offer too much like Membership has corps in our zone. Overall, nearly 85
school? If so, your problem is likely different cadets from our corps par-
not so much with the program itself, never been higher,
ticipated in at least one competition
but rather with your delivery strate- with 115 cadets at during the last training year.
gy. Here is one strategy you may
want to consider that has worked for
our annual parade
many corps. last May.
20 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007
I have found that nothing brings other teams and maybe, win. Why
teenagers closer and gets them more do cadets participate in a band, the
excited than the prospect of showing shooting team, the biathlon team, Statistically, roughly one third
what they are made of. Teenagers competitive sports teams and so on? of the cadets that leave your
thrive on competition. They will For the same reasons.
endure the most gruelling training corps/squadron will leave for
Cadets who leave your corps/
and frustration if they feel that they
squadron because they are bored are
reasons that are out of your
are moving towards a significant goal.
rarely members of the élite teams. control. The challenge you
Competitive versus Teams that work hard together have face is to keep the others.
fun together and within these teams,
participative event cadets develop ties and friendships This starts with the strategies
The kind of competition I am talking that go beyond the corps/squadron. you choose to deliver your
about is the kind that cadets train for
local program.
over weeks and months. This allows The pay-off
them to develop friendships through What does competition do for our
hard work and rely on each other. corps? Membership has never been
higher, with 115 cadets at our annual Our job is not to blindly deliver
A one-day participative event where
parade last May. Weekly presence training programs, but rather to
all cadets freely participate without
throughout the year was more than develop in our cadets qualities that
training does not have the same pow-
90 percent. And our cadets have will make them better citizens. This
erful effect on retention. Participative
developed enormous pride in their includes learning to work hard,
events have a short-term effect on the
corps. learning to be a valuable team mem-
winning teams and barely any effect
ber, showing chivalry in success and
on the others. The difference Of course, competition alone does defeat and more.
between participative events and not explain this. The corps also has
competitive events is the level of a dynamic set of principles that Statistically, roughly one third of the
commitment required from your guide a highly energetic adult staff. cadets that leave your corps/
cadets to develop and hone skills. But competition is definitely a factor. squadron will leave for reasons that
are out of your control. The challenge
Why do teenagers spend hours Can other corps and squadrons do you face is to keep the others. This
every week training as members of a the same? Why not? It is a matter of starts with the strategies you choose
drill team instead of doing something committing to the idea and putting in to deliver your local program.
else? Because it is fun for them, it is place the right strategies. Broad-scale
challenging, they know that being competition may be one strategy Maj Peterson is a volunteer with 2920
members of an élite team gives them for you. Army Cadet Corps in Gatineau, Que.
special status and they know that the He is the founder and director of the
‘10-minute show’ they are preparing Excalibur Championship. The zone
will allow them to compete with competition includes 12 events (volleyball,
biathlon, decathlon and music, to name
a few) and runs over the entire training
year. For more information, go to
Maj Peterson is also the founder and
director of the Provincial Cadet Music
Festival in Eastern Region. He received
a Command citation this year for his inno-
vative ideas, huge involvement and volun-
teer work in creating and implementing
both competitions. He is currently the
national army cadet co-ordinator at
Directorate Cadets.

The band from 2920 Army Cadet Corps
performs during the Excalibur Championship
in 2006. The band has won the provincial
championship three years in a row
Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 21

Competition — good or bad?

claims that “competition generates a
great deal of excitement and many
people thrive on it.”
At the same time, the article warns
of the danger of focussing on win-
ning when competing. “From a
motivational point of view, competi-
tion can be quite controlling and has
been found to decrease intrinsic
motivation for sport, especially
among girls,” it says. “Failing to win
is likely to be a highly negative expe-
rience because it so easily conveys
feelings of incompetence.”
The main argument against compe-
tition seems to be that it is linked to
extrinsic (external) motivation
(reward-driven, playing only to win
and ego-oriented), as opposed to co-
operation, which is linked to intrin-
sic motivation (mastery-driven, self-
determined and task-oriented).

Over the years, human devel- He also states, however, that it is

Competition—such opment experts have debat- much less clear exactly how competi- Many believe that intrinsic motiva-
as this regional tion motivates young people. tion creates a stronger foundation
ed the role of competition in for young people who are still devel-
youth’s lives—whether it is Good and bad oping their self-worth and identity.
competition in
Central Region good or bad for their devel- Dr. Andrews acknowledges that The good news is that there can be
last spring—can opment. Convincing argu- social comparison appears to help a happy medium between competi-
engage youth ments have been presented young people find their niches and tion and co-operation, and we, as
and generate on both sides. once done, they can move on to leaders, can promote it.
excitement. refine and specialize their skills.
Dr. David Andrews, now Dean of However, he cautions that research Good (healthy)
the College of Education and has shown that repeatedly exposing
Human Ecology at The Ohio State competition
children younger than the age of nine
University, points out in his online years of age to highly competitive sit- Dr. Christopher Thurber, a clinical
article “Competition: The good, the uations may negatively affect the psychologist from Exeter, New
bad and the ugly”, that competition development of their self-worth and Hampshire, who works with sum-
is part of human nature and preva- identity. Fortunately, cadets are fur- mer camps across the United States,
lent to some degree in most cultures. ther along in their development. calls this happy medium “co-opera-
Furthermore, an element of score- tive competition”. In his online arti-
keeping is evident in the most inno- The good and bad aspects of compe- cle “Healthy Competition — It’s not
cent of children’s games. He adds tition are also discussed in another an oxymoron”, he concedes that this
that the number of young people online article in The Research File may seem like a contradiction in
participating in competitive events in (Information from the Canadian terms, but when competition creates
the United States certainly demon- Fitness and Lifestyle Research just a little anxiety, demands fair
strates how competition engages Institute) entitled, “Motivating chil- play and emphasizes fun, children’s
youth. dren to be active”. This article states performance can be enhanced and
that children generally take part in they learn to make moral decisions
physical activity for reasons of chal- independent of adults.
lenge, skill and competition. It also

22 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007

“When planned and
appropriately, competitive experi-
ences can enhance positive youth conducted appropriately,
He offers some advice for healthy development and prepare young competitive experiences
competition (see sidebar) and con- people to become successful adults.”
cludes, “It’s not whether you win or can enhance positive youth
lose; it’s how adults frame the game.” She adds that competitive experi- development and prepare
ences should be appropriate for the
This seemingly simplistic philoso- cognitive, psychological-emotional, young people to become
phy is evident in other online discus- social-moral and physical develop- successful adults.”
sions of competition. mental levels of the youth.
...Dr. Kathryn Cox
Creating Dr. Cox also suggests that any
the right advance publicity regarding compet-
itive events should clearly outline respect. Good competitors respect,
environment expectations for conduct, fairness, play by the rules, take turns, share
Dr. Andrews seems to agree with Dr. honesty, the nature of the competi- and don’t blame others. If you are
Thurber that adults can provide a tion (it will result in both winners aware of the good and bad in compe-
framework for healthier competi- and losers), courtesy and accepting tition and heed the experts’ advice,
tion. “Create an environment in results gracefully. She also offers your experience may be similar to
which our children can compete advice for adults conducting compet- that of Maj Guy Peterson (the author
healthily,” he says. “A balance of itive events. (See sidebar) of the previous article), who says,
competitive and co-operative experi- “My job as a motivator has never
ences may reduce the bad and the Be aware that young people respond been easier than over the past few
ugly side of competition.” The differently to competition. A cadet years when my cadets started com-
“ugly” side, of course, is out-of-con- who loses interest in an activity, peting. You get cadets hooked on
trol competition, when parents, reports high anxiety related to com- music, drill, marksmanship, biathlon,
adults and young people lose their petition, or shows signs of dishon- flying, sports or whatever and pro-
perspectives, and the stakes of com- esty when competing likely has trou- vide the path through which they can
petition are high. ble coping with competition’s progress and prove themselves over
demands. Watch for these signs. the long run. Bingo! Motivating them
In an online article called “Designing is much easier and you have given
competitive programs that enhance For cadets who thrive on competi-
tion, stress sportsmanship, particu- them a reason to stick with the
youth development”, Dr. Kathryn program for the long run.”
Cox, another youth development larly in the heat of competition.
specialist with Ohio State, says, Ensure they treat their teammates,
“When planned and conducted officials and other competitors with

Healthy competition
Dr. Christopher Thurber offers this advice on creating healthy competition:
• Praise effort, not outcomes. Pointing out incremental accomplishments builds self-esteem.
• Focus on strengths. Don’t compare an individual to his or her teammates.
• Have fun, but not at the expense of others. The joy of any game should not be in the winning or losing, but in the playing
of the game and cultivation of relationships. Co-operative competition emphasizes cheers, not jeers, and handshakes.
• Emphasize teamwork. Every individual’s behaviour affects others. Pointing this out as it happens builds strong teams and

Conducting a competitive event

Here’s some advice from Dr. Kathryn Cox to adults conducting competitive events:
• Never play favourites.
• Keep emotions under control and set a positive example of friendliness, maturity and professionalism.
• Accept and support all program policies and procedures. (The time for making changes is before and after, not during).
• Have a logical, sequential, matter-of-fact plan for handling infractions and behaviour problems.
• Encourage youths to enjoy themselves.
• Help the youths learn from their experiences. Discuss what they did well, areas they can improve on and ideas to try in the future.
• Provide positive feedback.

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 23


Six degrees of separation —

between you and your cadets

is something that must be handled My personal policy has been this: a

with caution at all times. Two things few senior cadets have my CadetNet
to keep in mind are the situation you email address only. Even fewer have
are in, as well as how well you know my cell number. None of them are
the cadet in question. contacts on my Windows Messenger
and I will never add any of them as
Tapping your regimental sergeant friends to my Facebook profile. I’ve
major on the shoulder to initiate a rejected one person five times. Why?
discussion would not be an issue, For many, protocol does not really
but physically grabbing someone’s apply online. We must teach our
arm during a drill class—without per- cadets that it should apply!
mission—to correct a fault may create
a situation you don’t want. Either Email subject matter must also be
way, erring on the side of caution is noted. Ask yourself, “Would I hon-
always the best approach regardless estly print that picture or joke and
of circumstances. physically show it to someone in the
program at an event? Would I show
Body language and the realm of per- it to a cadet, to a parent, or a spon-
sonal space is also a key considera- sor?” If you physically wouldn’t do
As leaders of the Canadian tion. I had an experience where a it, why do it virtually?
Cadet Movement (CCM) we first-year female cadet paid me an
are faced every day with an inappropriate compliment. I consid-
3rd degree—
ered letting it pass, but I counselled
important challenge—bring- immediately with a female officer emotional
ing people closer together present. Situations like this have to Every CCM stakeholder is connect-
in pursuit of a common goal, be dealt with as they occur, because ed by the belief that we have the
while practising some degree silence, in many cases, implies power to fundamentally change the
of separation. acceptance. course of a young person’s life. That
is a very emotional thing. However,
How separate should we be? So far 2nd degree— we must remember to be consistent
away that we are out of touch with virtual in separating our feelings from the
the needs of our cadets and others objective day-to-day decisions we
around us? Or, so closely woven into Each day, technology becomes a big- make with regard to cadets.
their lives that we lose sight of ger part of our lives. While techno-
what’s really important and the logical resources provided within the
example we are here to provide? Cadet Program (CadetNet for exam-
The key is balance. My experience is ple) have rules of use attached to Officers may frequent
that balance is achievable if we main- them, others do not…yet! a specific social venue
tain six degrees of separation (physi- Internet applications like Windows after a night’s training
cal, virtual, emotional, economical, Live Messenger and Facebook have
personal and social) between benefits, but they should be used as
is completed. They
ourselves and our cadets. little as possible. If we do use them, may discuss various
we must set an example to everyone topics, but they should
1st degree— by ensuring that everything is as pro-
physical fessional as if it were a regular not discuss these
The expression “it goes without say- memo, a face-to-face conversation, topics around cadets.
ing” doesn’t apply here. It needs to or an order given on our
be said. Touching cadets in any way corps/squadron training night.

24 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007

For example, deciding to promote can become so deep that we make the
someone who is not the best candi- wrong choice when a tough decision
date just because you think they will presents itself.
feel bad and quit is a flawed point of
view. Not only do you possibly set Personal relationships are inevitable,
that person up to fail, but you also but the key is appropriate boundaries.
send the underlying message that it (See chart below)
is better to be liked than respected. Is
that what we are here to do?
Am I am saying, “Stop being
human”? No. Acting with emotion
can be beneficial at times in exercis-
ing effective leadership. Acting by Relationship Examples Possible pitfalls
emotion rarely is.
Adult with cadet Officer is older Perceived favouritism
th brother of a flight
4 degree— sergeant
Former senior cadet Opportunity to
The subject of money is always a
returns as a Civilian fraternize during
delicate one. As a certified manage-
Instructor and is still corps/squadron
ment accountant in civilian life, I dating one of the training
believe we must be doubly vigilant cadets
in this area.
Cadet with cadet Senior cadet’s younger Discipline problems
CIC officers are entrusted with the
brother joins the with younger cadet
use of resources paid for by public squadron/corps
funds (uniforms and training equip-
Sudden change in
ment from the Department of
behaviour in older
National Defence, for example), as
well as non-public funds (fundraising
proceeds from tagging, for example).
These must remain separate.
This is different from using both At the end of the day, the most 6th degree—social
types of resources in support of an important thing to remember is that
the professional relationship must Social circles are exactly that: circles.
approved cadet activity, as that is the
always take precedence over the per- What is said or done within those
nature of the partnership. The dan-
sonal relationship. To do otherwise circles should remain within them.
ger here is when we, deliberately or
could create an atmosphere of mis- Officers may frequent a specific
otherwise, mix our personal finances
trust and send the dangerous mes- social venue after a night’s training
with corps/squadron finances. This
sage that the needs of the is completed. They may discuss
is inappropriate and would set a bad
corps/squadron come after the needs various topics, but they should not
example for our cadets.
of cadets closest to you. discuss these topics around cadets.
An example of economical separa-
On the other side, it is inappropriate
tion from your cadets is avoiding—
for officers to attend a social func-
except under extreme circum-
We must remember tion where cadets are gathered,
stances—lending money to or bor-
unless it is an approved activity
rowing money from a cadet. In the to be consistent in requiring adult supervision. We can-
end, it is just as much about trans-
parency as it is about integrity. separating our not control what cadets do outside
of approved training. Our presence
feelings from the would imply that the cadets are ‘pro-
5th degree—
objective day-to-day tected’ by the Cadet Program during
personal these occasions when, in reality, they
decisions we make
A great thing about the Cadet are not.
Program is that it gives us the ability with regard to cadets.
Capt Vieneer is the former human rights
to make friends—sometimes life-long
advisor and deputy commanding officer
friends. Unfortunately, friendships
with 876 Air Cadet Squadron in
Scarborough, Ont.

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 25


A disabled student receives

gliding training through
Freedom’s Wings. The
program also trains disabled
air cadets to fly gliders.

work the rudders in the standard

Freedom’s Wings Schweitzer 2-33 trainer used at
Regional Gliding School (Central) in
Teaching disabled cadets to fly! Trenton, Ont.,” says Freedom’s
Wings Canada chairman, Charles
Petersen. “But, in our recently
After flying with her squadron on an air cadet flight line, Sgt Melanie MacPherson imported Twin Astir with a hand-con-
of 99 Air Cadet Squadron in Orillia, Ont., knew what she wanted. “I wanted those trolled rudder system, she’s training
gold wings that sat proudly on the uniforms of my friends,” she says. “Those were right alongside many other cadets at
my goal. I had tasted flight in its purest form and I wasn’t going back. Even with York Soaring [Canada’s largest glid-
all the confidence that I had that I could indeed get my wings, one thought stayed ing club located about 100 kilometres
deep in the back of my head. I am disabled. I had never heard of any disabled northwest of Toronto]. We may not
be able to solo or licence everyone,
pilots before, and I wondered just how hard it might be for me to convince the
but we’ll let them fly to their fullest
world that I could in fact accomplish this feat.” ability.”

With some help, Sgt MacPherson initiative and courage have helped The Twin Astir is the current glider
found her way to Freedom’s Wings— them all persevere against the odds for the Freedom’s Wings program
an international non-profit program and became a foundation on which that has licensed and soloed people
that provides glider flight training to to make other major strides in their with a wide range of physical disabil-
students with disabilities. personal lives. With examples like ities. Freedom’s Wings has also mint-
these, hundreds of people with dis- ed Canada’s first paraplegic glider
She soon discovered that the list of abilities across North America are instructor and started a second chap-
pilots with physical disabilities was taking up aviation. ter in Vancouver.
significant and growing. Some
famous examples include amputee “Because of her cerebral palsy, Sgt The program is open to all people
LCol Andrew Lourake of the United MacPherson didn’t have quite with physical disabilities, including
States Air Force, currently flying enough strength in her left foot to cadets who cannot be accommodated
C-20s, and double amputee Wing by the Cadet Program’s gliding cen-
Leader Douglas Bader, an ace Spitfire tres. The costs are managed by cor-
pilot with Royal Air Force Fighter
The [Freedom’s Wings] porate and private donors to give
Command during the Battle of program is open to people with disabilities the chance to
fly a glider.
Britain. all people with physical
A scholarship through Youth Flight disabilities, including More information is available at
Education Canada is funding Sgt cadets who cannot www.freedomswings.ca, or contact
MacPherson’s glider training. Now petermusters@gmail.com
be accommodated by
she and others are confronting their Mr. Musters is the executive director
disabilities and the way we look at
the Cadet Program’s
of Youth Flight Education Canada.
flying ability. Dedication, tenacity, gliding centres.

26 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007

Capt Nancy Marshall SHARING IDEAS

A cadet from 878
Squadron warms
up with hot

Meal planning for exercises

Advance planning They need not only lots of food, but
When you are planning
also lots of good food to keep them
an exercise, what do you Well before the exercise, cadets are going. I always buy peanut butter
dread most? For me, it told to bring a letter from home if and jam for picky eaters. We all have
they require a special diet (vegetarian,
was planning what we at least one.
allergies and so on) so we can make
were going to eat and provisions for them. Otherwise, they My biggest fear used to be running
how much food to buy! eat what is prepared. out of food, but I’m proud to say
that no-one has ever gone hungry.
Through trial and error over the Menus
years, however, I have worked out a Grocery list
You can’t make everyone happy all
system that has taken the guesswork of the time, but I have tried my best My ‘grocery list’ is actually divided
(and stress) out of preparing food for to design a menu that caters to all into four categories: the menu, a
exercises. Maybe it will work for you. tastes. It seems to work well for our general quantities list, the shopping
squadron and I am confident that it list and the meal planner. The meal
will work for other corps and planner actually breaks down por-
When you go to the squadrons too. tions for each meal (based on the
store, know your number of people) and I find this
I have developed a couple of differ- useful during the actual weekend.
budget. Have your ent Saturday dinner menus, but for
list and a calculator the most part I keep the rest of the Budget
handy to keep track meals the same for simplicity It is challenging in this day and age
of what you are I try to cook food that I know the to feed a bunch of hungry teenagers
spending. cadets will enjoy. But, I also remem- on a limited budget, but if you take
ber that they are busy all weekend. your time it can be easy. Watch for
deals. Non-perishable and frozen
items on sale can be purchased a few
Sample weekend menu weeks ahead.



Mug Up Pancakes Hamburgers Chicken Mug Up French toast Sandwiches

Hot chocolate Bacon Vegetable breasts Hot chocolate Cereal Leftover
Hotdogs Hot chocolate tray and dip Mashed Cookies Hot chocolate vegetable
Milk Fruit potatoes Milk tray and dip
Fruit Juice Vegetables Fruit Leftover
Salad salad
Pudding Juice
Milk Leftover milk

Continued on page 28
Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 27
SHARING IDEAS Grocery Shopping List
72 hamburger patties
10 dozen wieners
11 pounds of bacon
56 chicken breasts
4-6 pounds of assorted lunch-
meat (Purchase a whole
Black Forest ham, salami
and pepperoni sticks and
ask the store to slice
them for you)

Fruits and vegetables

10 pounds of apples
5 pounds of bananas
5 pounds of oranges
15 pounds of carrots
2 bunches of celery
3 heads of lettuce
8-10 large tomatoes
2 large onions
5 cucumbers
20 pounds of potatoes

1 large tub of margarine

Grocery shopping When we finish our shopping, we 7 dozen eggs

store the food in the grocery store’s 8 4-litre packages of milk
Lt(N) Neil and storage (2%)
Tannyan, com- coolers until we pick it up the next
Of course, you can only buy your 2 packages of 64 cheese slices
manding officer day. Our grocery store is kind 2 containers (500 ml) of sour
fresh food the night before the exer- enough to do this, and it is a great
of 55 Sea Cadet cream
cise. Luckily, our exercises almost help. Perhaps, before your next exer-
Corps IRON
always take place on weekends, so I cise, you can make the same arrange- Canned goods
shop for groceries on Thursday ment with your local grocery store. 4 large cans of juice crystals
Burlington, Ont.,
evenings. I always try to take two 12 20-ounce cans of hot
and PO1 Melanie chocolate (A&W)
other people with me to make it go Kitchen equipment
Dittmer barbecue 12 cans of evaporated milk
burgers for cadets Fortunately, over the years our 10 cans of kernel corn
during an Outdoor When you go to the store, know squadron has acquired what we feel
Adventure Breads
your budget. Have your list and a is the proper kitchen equipment. In 10 dozen hotdog buns
Training weekend. calculator handy to keep track of addition to utensils, a large griddle, 20 loaves of bread
what you are spending. In all the two large gas stovetops (a three- 6 dozen hamburger buns
years of doing this I have never gone burner and a two-burner), a steam
over my dollar allotment. table and an assortment of pots, Miscellaneous
3 bags of pancake mix
pans and stainless steel serving dish-
45 small boxes of cereal
es round out the kit. Especially nice
Watch for deals. is the fact that our squadron has a
1 large jar of peanut butter
1 large jar of jam
Non-perishable and 14-foot utility trailer to store the 3 bottles of pancake syrup
frozen items on sale equipment year-round. 3 bottles of ketchup
2 large jars of mustard
can be purchased a Don’t forget the coffee pot to help 2 jars of relish
few weeks ahead. get you through the weekend. 1 large jar of Miracle Whip
2 packages (double) Uncle
Hopefully, this will make food plan- Dan's southern dip
> ning for your next exercise a little 3 bottles of salad dressing
Lt Nancy Marshall (assorted)
less stressful and give you more time
(since promoted) has 45 puddings (buy bulk boxes)
to have fun with your cadets!
taken the guesswork 4 large bags of cookies
and stress out of Capt Marshall is the new commanding 1 bag of gravy mix (Costco)
preparing food for officer of 878 Air Cadet Squadron in flour, assorted spices, oil,
878 Squadron Banff/Canmore, Alta. coffee, tea and sugar (keep
these staples for other

28 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007

Cadets need lots of food to give them energy for strenuous activities during an exercise.
Meal planner Here, cadets from 55 Sea Cadet Corps recharge their batteries during an Outdoor
(for 45 people) Adventure Training weekend last May.

Friday evening Mug Up 1 onion, chopped for hamburgers Sunday morning breakfast
2-3 cans of hot chocolate 2 cans juice crystals, mixed accord- 8 loaves of bread for French toast
2-3 cans of evaporated milk ing to package directions 6 dozen eggs for French toast
10 dozen wieners 1 ketchup 45 small boxes of cereal
10 dozen hotdog buns 1 mustard 2-3 cans hot chocolate
1 chopped onion 1 relish 2-3 cans of evaporated milk
1 relish 1 Miracle Whip Milk for cadets
1 mustard 1 sour cream Milk for cereal and eggs
1 ketchup Uncle Dan’s dip mix (made with 1 ketchup
some of the Miracle Whip and sour 1½ bottles of syrup
Saturday breakfast cream above) Margarine
3 bags of pancake mix Apples Leftover oranges, apples and
1 dozen eggs (4 eggs per bag of bananas
mix) Saturday dinner
11 pounds of bacon 56 chicken breasts Sunday lunch
2-3 cans of hot chocolate Flour, oil and spices (I use pepper, 10 loaves of bread
2-3 cans of evaporated milk seasoning salt and chili powder) 4-5 pounds of lunch meat
milk for cadets to coat chicken. Cook chicken in 64 cheese slices
milk for pancakes a bit of oil on a stovetop/grill. 4 tomatoes
1 ketchup Gravy mix, made according to 1 head of lettuce
1½ bottles of syrup package directions Leftover salad and vegetables
margarine 20 pounds of potatoes for mashed Leftover vegetable dip and salad
½ of oranges, cut up; potatoes with margarine and milk dressing
½ of bananas, cut up 12 cans of kernel corn Leftover juice crystals
Salad items: 2 heads of lettuce, Margarine
Saturday lunch 3 tomatoes and 2 cucumbers Leftover Miracle Whip
72 hamburger patties Salad dressing Leftover mustard
6 dozen hamburger buns 45 puddings Leftover fruit
64 cheese slices Milk for cadets
10 pounds of carrots, cut into sticks Peanut butter and jam on bread for
2 bunches of celery, cut into sticks Saturday evening Mug Up cadets who won’t eat properly.
3 cucumbers, cut into sticks 2-3 cans of hot chocolate
3 tomatoes, sliced for hamburgers 2-3 cans of evaporated milk

General quantities
Meat Miscellaneous
Bacon ¼ pound/person Hot chocolate 1 20 ounce can = 20 people
Hamburgers 1½ hamburgers/person Small milk 1/person/meal
Hot dogs 2½ hotdogs/person Pancake mix 1 bag = 14 people
Lunch meat 1 ounce/sandwich French toast 2½ pieces/person
Chicken breasts 1¼ breasts/person Eggs for French toast 1½ dozen for every
Sausages 2 ½ /person 2 loaves of bread
(Sausages may be Eggs for pancakes 4 eggs/bag of pancake mix
substituted for bacon) Scrambled eggs 2 eggs/person
(Scrambled eggs may be
substituted for pancakes)

Sandwiches 2 sandwiches/person
4 slices of bread/person
Bread 18 slices/loaf

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 29

100th ANNIVERSARY LCol Tom McGrath

CIC to
in 2009
In co-operation with the Directorate Cadets and Junior Canadian Rangers, the CIC Branch Advisory
Council (BAC) will organize 100th anniversary celebrations for our 7500 branch members.

May 1, 2009 will mark the 100th wide to volunteer to populate these CIC motto. We have launched a com-
anniversary of the founding of the committees. Committee work is petition to find a motto for our
group of officers who administer, voluntary. branch.
supervise and train cadets in Canada.
Below are some planned highlights. We want to encourage you to volun-
The corps was authorized on May 1, teer to help with planning for your
Logo and commemorative pin. A
1909 as a “Corps of School Cadet region by contacting your regional
100th anniversary logo is being BAC adviser below:
Instructors (Militia).” It was composed
designed for use during the year. We
of qualified male school teachers from
are also requesting authorization to National chairman –
Canada’s public schools. On May 1,
wear an anniversary pin on our LCol Tom McGrath at
1921, the corps was disbanded
Canadian Forces uniform. tommcgrath@nl.rogers.com
and reorganized. On Jan. 1, 1924, the
designation was changed to “The Issuance of a stamp. With support “Class B’ representative –
Cadet Services of Canada (Non- from the three leagues and civilians LCdr Neil Martin at
Permanent).” It was later changed to across Canada, we are requesting that martin.jn@forces.gc.ca
the Cadet Services of Canada which Canada Post produce a stamp to
ceased to exist in 1968 with unifica- depict our contribution to youth Atlantic Region –
tion. Sea and air officers then joined development in Canada over the last Maj Paul Westcott at
with army officers to form the Cadet 100 years. pwestcott@cadets.net
Instructors List. The name was Eastern Region –
changed in 1994 to the Cadet 100th anniversary challenge coin. We
are seeking corporate sponsorship for Maj Francois Dornier at
Instructors Cadre. fdornier@cegepth.qc.ca
the production of a coin to mark our
In co-operation with the Directorate anniversary. Coins would be distrib- Central Region –
Cadets and Junior Canadian Rangers, uted free of charge to members. Maj Harry McCabe at
the CIC Branch Advisory Council harry.mccabe@sympatico.ca
(BAC) will organize 100th anniversary 100th anniversary pictorial history.
celebrations for our 7500 branch We are approaching a national spon- Prairie Region –
members. The council will act as the sor for the production of a national Maj James Barnes at
steering committee for national plan- pictorial history capturing our 100- jbarnes64@shaw.ca
ning, with each region forming and year history.
operating its own committee. Each Pacific Region –
Premiere national event. We will LCol Terry Kopan at
BAC regional adviser will chair the hold a national event in 2009, likely in
regional committee and report to the kopan.tw@cadets.net
national committee. Under the aus- Northern Region –
pices of the regional committees, Proclamation signings. We anticipate Capt Jeff Barkley at
provincial and territorial committees the signing of a national proclamation jbarkley@gov.nu.ca
will be struck to plan local events. We for 2009, with a national figure declar-
are calling on CIC officers nation- ing the year of celebration.
30 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007
Maj Al Memess POLICY

Joining the new Reserve Force pension plan

What does the new Reserve Force
pension plan mean to CIC officers When you meet the
on part-time Reserve service? required minimums,
To figure out if you are close to join- you will receive a
ing the pension plan, you first have letter...
to determine if you are close to 10
percent of YMPE. For example the informing you that
YMPE for 2006 is $42 100, while you are part of the
the amount for 2007 will be $43 200. plan and what percent
If you perform enough Reserve serv-
ice to make at least $4210 in 2006 of your monthly
and $4320 in 2007, you will become taxable income will
a member of the plan.
be deducted as your
Your service may be Class ‘A’ or ‘B’. contribution.
So long as it is paid service and you
meet the minimums, you qualify. At
The pension plan is a subject that
today’s pay rates, an officer cadet
solicits a number of questions, most
would have to serve at least 46 days,
of which should be referred to the
while a lieutenant would have to
experts at the Canadian Forces
serve only 33 days to reach YPME.
Pension Modernization Project
When you meet the required mini- (CFPMP). Visit the project website
mums, you will receive a letter from at www.forces.gc.ca/hr/dgcb/cfpmp/
Since March 1, all members of the Directorate Accounts Processing, to see how the new pension plan will
the Reserve Force, including Pay and Pensions informing you that affect you. Should you have further
the Cadet Instructors Cadre, you are part of the plan and what questions once you have consulted
are eligible to join the new percent of your monthly taxable the online information, you are
Reserve Force pension plan. income will be deducted as your encouraged to call toll free 1-800-
contribution. 267-0325 and speak to an expert
If you are a CIC officer and have from CFPMP.
earned 10 percent of what the pen-
You can also reach CFPMP by email
sion plan calls “the year’s maximum Pensionable earnings at the following addresses:
pensionable earnings (YMPE)” dur-
ing two consecutive 12-month peri-
since April 1999
• For questions regarding
ods of Reserve service, you automat- count. purchasing prior service, email
ically become a member of the plan. PriorPensionableServiceArrears@
This applies to all CIC officers—full- forces.gc.ca
time or part-time. Pensionable earn- Will you be able to retire on your
Reserve pension? Realistically, • For Reserve Force questions
ings since April 1999 count.
someone who works only short-term regarding eligibility and joining
CIC officers on full-time service will part-time Reserve service cannot the pension plan, email
move from the Reserve Force pen- expect to draw a pension that will EligibilityCC@forces.gc.ca
sion plan to the Regular Force pen- ensure a comfortable retirement. As • For other policy questions, email
sion plan when they have served with any plan, what you get out of it cfpmp@forces.gc.ca
1674 days in a 60-month period. will be proportional to what you
Those who had already done so by contribute. It is important to under- Maj Memess is the staff officer responsible
March, when the pension came into stand, however, that you cannot lose for personnel policy at Directorate Cadets.
force, moved directly to the Regular by contributing to the plan. Should
Force pension plan. To give you you leave the service before becom-
some idea of how many officers that ing eligible for a pension, your
affects, records show that in 2005- contributions will be returned with
2006, 290 CIC officers were on full- interest.
time Reserve service.

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 31

POLICY Maj Al Memess

Support to cadet
with or
without pay
The changes made to the “deemed on duty” Amended CATO 13-12 Instructors who provide support
policy last April led to questions and discus- without pay must complete a form
With this coverage, we were able to
acknowledging that they are aware
sions across the cadet world. One major amend the policy that requires a paid
of the differences in coverage.
concern was the requirement to have a paid Cadet Instructor or Civilian
Cadet Instructor or Civilian Instructor at each Instructor to supervise each cadet Benefits more
activity. CATO 13-12 has been clearly defined
authorized cadet activity. amended to allow Cadet Instructors
to supervise optional activities when Some Cadet Instructors may perceive
Since then, in consultation with our a loss or reduction of benefits as a
legal advisor, we have found a way to providing support without pay.
consequence of the repeal of the

ease the burden placed on corps and Why only optional activities? The “deemed on duty” provisions.
A paid Cadet squadrons—particularly those with a reason is simple: paid days are allo- However, you do have clearly
Instructor or heavy activity schedule. cated to cover the mandatory pro- defined benefits and entitlements that
Civilian The Department of National gram, and we want to ensure that can be relied upon when needed.
Instructor must Defence has been authorized to self- there are sufficient resources to
supervise all cover it. There is no change in the policy for
insure CF Reserve Force members Civilian Instructors. To supervise
mandatory cadet (who provide support to cadet activi-
New CATO 23-11 authorized cadet activities, Civilian
activities ties without pay) for liability and Instructors must be paid. When pro-
legal indemnification. The coverage We have also clarified the differences
viding support without pay, they
will be based on the Treasury in coverage for Cadet Instructors
become civilian volunteers with the
Board’s policy on the indemnifica- when providing support without pay.
same status as other civilian volun-
tion of and legal assistance for These Cadet Instructors are not eligi-
teers and must adhere to the policies
Crown servants. ble for the benefits associated with
set out in CATO 23-07.
Reserve Service. To be eligible for
This recognizes that a Cadet those benefits, the member must be
Instructor—an officer of the Cadet “on service” and to be “on service”,
Instructors Cadre or a member of CATO 13-12 has been
the member must be paid.
another sub-component of the amended to allow Cadet
Reserve Force while he or she is CATO 23-11 has been developed to Instructors to supervise
instructing cadets—has received the explain the differences in coverage
and to ensure that Cadet Instructors
optional activities, when
training, is fully qualified to super-
vise cadet activities and will perform are making an informed choice when providing support
the same duties whether being paid they agree to provide support with- without pay.
or not. out pay. In future all Cadet

Main policy changes

• A paid Cadet Instructor or Civilian Instructor shall supervise all mandatory activities.
• Optional activities can be supervised by a paid Civilian Instructor or by a Cadet Instructor who can either be
paid or provide support without pay.
• The differences in coverage between paid Reserve Service and benefits allowed a Cadet Instructor providing
support without pay are clearly set out in CATO 23-11.
• Cadet Instructors who agree to provide support without pay must acknowledge in writing that they are
aware of the differences in coverage.

32 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007


More on the new CF Leadership

Doctrine and you
In the last issue of Cadence, we discussed the new Canadian Forces Leadership doctrine and
its impact on the Cadet Instructors Cadre (CIC). Leadership is about leading people—cadets
and other CIC officers in our case. The new doctrine provides great insight into positive
leadership characteristics, the importance of trust and leading people.

Leadership also demonstrate a number of Regardless, an important part of the
characteristics personal characteristics that relate leader’s job is to build and maintain At all levels of
to adaptability: openness to expe- healthy trust relationships with sub- leadership, inter-
There is neither a definitive list of rience, flexibility of thought and ordinates, peers and superiors. personal skills
essential leadership qualities nor any behaviour, and self-assurance. Leaders build and maintain trust such as commu-
guarantee that the possession of all through their decisions, actions and
• Professional motivation and nication are criti-
or most of the commonly identified interactions. They must exercise
values. Professionalism reflects a cal. Here, CIC
attributes will result in effective lead- good judgment; show trust and con-
strong commitment to the social officers Maj
ership. Nevertheless, CIC officers fidence in their subordinates; ensure
responsibilities of the profession, a Louise Lagarde
can improve their capacity to be subordinates are supported by the
high valuation of professional and Capt Lyne
effective leaders by acquiring and organization; show consideration for
competence, and a personal iden- Prud’Homme
developing competencies in the fol- others; have honest and open com-
tification with the values of the chat with
lowing areas. munications; lead by example; keep
Canadian military ethos. Quebec’s
• Knowledge and skills. A high their word; and be counted on to Minister of
level of proficiency in technical A leader’s effectiveness will have a honour their obligations. Trust is Education,
skills is mandatory for officers in major, everlasting impact on group, developed and earned, and can be Leisure and
direct command and leadership team and corps/squadron effective- easily lost. Sport Michelle
positions. ness. Trust provides the critical bond Courchêsne at
for leadership to be effective. Leading people the Eastern
• Cognitive ability. Analytical
Several principles cover important Region Gliding
skills and creative thinking are
Importance aspects of leadership responsibilities. School in St-
essential abilities for all leaders.
of trust Jean. Que
• Social capacities. At all levels of Leader competence is critical to mis-
leadership, interpersonal skills Trust may be based on demonstrat-
sion accomplishment. Very early in
such as communication, persua- ed leadership competence (the care
their CIC experience, junior leaders
sion and conflict management are and consideration for others dis-
must master the technical and tacti-
critical to working with others. played by a leader) or on perceptions
cal skills of their military specialty
of a leader’s character (integrity,
• Personality traits. Effective lead- and improve proficiency through
dependability, and fairness).
ers exemplify personal integrity in self-study, experiential learning, for-
their decisions and actions. They mal training, and education. This is

Continued on page 34
Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 33
Continued from page 33 ence and support will pay off in Learning from personal experience
enhanced performance and greater and the experience of others is
reflected in the CIC Military resistance to stress. critical to ensuring high reliability
Occupation Structure Change performance and maintaining a
Management Project and in the new Leaders must train and develop sub-
competitive edge.
CIC training program, which will ordinates to master the unit’s opera-
provide enhanced training early in tional functions, provide depth and When all is said and done, leaders
an officer’s career. strength to the unit through the must ensure that their personal con-
number of qualified people below duct and the conduct of their subor-
Leaders must communicate a clear them and ensure a broadly distrib- dinates reflect the best of Canadian
picture of the outcomes they wish to uted leadership capability. military professionalism and the
achieve. Canadian Cadet Movement at all
Leaders have moral and practical
Where time and circumstances times.
obligations to know their subordi-
allow, leaders should involve others nates’ needs, take care of them and Further information about the new
who possess relevant experience in treat them fairly. Leaders must be leadership doctrine may be found at
the decision-making process. on top of what is happening around www.cda.forces.gc.ca/CFLI.
Leaders have to know when to them. In both training and opera-
tions, leaders must constantly Lt(N) McRae is a CIC courseware
direct and when to motivate. development officer at Directorate Cadets.
Training and other formative activi- review performance critically to
ties that reinforce mutual depend- determine if there is a better way.

CADET TRAINING Capt Catherine Griffin

Cadet Program Update

Answers to commonly asked questions

For some time now, leaders at all levels of the Cadet Funding has been re-allocated to a
Program have tried to keep CIC officers informed about second on-water weekend activity
the progress of the Cadet Program Update. Venues have instead. This change is related to a
included cadet summer training centres, commanding offi- shift towards providing sea cadets
cers’ (COs) meetings and league events. If you have not with more on-water experiences and
expanding the scope of activities
heard any of these updates, you may be interested in these beyond sail to include other small
answers to some of the most commonly asked questions. and minor vessels.
Q: Will music training be supported
Q: Is it true that sea cadets will no in the updated program?
longer participate in Outdoor
Adventure Training (OAT) Music training will continue as an
activities in the updated optional activity, supported much
program? the same as it is now. Music courses
offered at the cadet summer training
Participating in OAT will be left to centres (CSTCs) will be updated to
the discretion of each corps com- enhance and support music training.
manding officer, who may choose to Regions will continue to have the
offer it as an optional activity sup- option to support music training
ported by local funding. It is true through regionally directed and
that OAT will no longer be part of funded activities, such as training
phase or summer camp training. seminars and music competitions.

< Regions will continue to have the option to support music training through
regionally directed and funded training seminars such as this music workshop
in Vernon, B.C. Here, OCdt Anders Udsen, from Kamloops, guides CPO
Chris Charbonneau of Vernon through a finger exercise on his chanter.
(Photo by Wayne Emde)

34 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007

Although not directly related to the Qualification Standard and Plan
program update, there have been (QSP). The IG includes specific
changes to the band grant allocation. training content as well as recom-
Monies are still available to COs for mendations on how to deliver train-
band support within their corps and ing using a variety of instructional
squadrons; however, monies are no methods. Instructors should use the
longer specifically targeted to band IG, in conjunction with lesson speci-
purchases. As outlined on the fications found in the QSP, to help
national cadet website at with lesson planning and prepara-
www.cadets.forces.gc.ca/_docs/Key tion. The QSP is a combination of
MsgGrantsVetted_e.pdf, all grant the training standard and plan that
funding (scholarship, contingency you are familiar with. Although
and band grants) has been reallocat- varying in content, the QSPs will
ed to one fund. COs will be reim- have the same look and feel across
bursed from this fund for approved the three elemental programs and at
expenditures in support of cadet the CSTCs.
activities (including band) up to their
Cadet handbooks have not been
budget entitlement.
developed to date. We are continu-
Q: Will cadet handbooks, as we ing to research and examine possi-
know them, be produced as part bilities for a cadet-friendly learning
of the update? tool. We want to be sure that if any
When you receive updated first-year tool is developed, it is useful to
corps and squadron training docu- cadets to support their learning.
mentation this fall (for implementa- Q: Where can I find current infor-
tion in the fall of 2008), you can mation on program updates?
expect to receive two documents: an
Leaders at all levels will continue to
Instructional Guide (IG) and a
give CPU updates whenever possi-
ble. You can also turn to the follow-
ing sources for program update
Participating in OAT
• CadetNet – CPU folder located
will be left to the in each elemental forum
discretion of each • www.cadets.ca
[sea cadet] corps • Cadence (current and past issues
commanding officer, on the national cadet website)
who may choose to • Regional websites

offer it as an optional Capt Griffin is the staff officer cadet

program education development at
activity supported by Directorate Cadets.
local funding.

Where can I direct CPU questions/feedback? Updated training

for sea cadets will
Questions and feedback may be emailed to cpu.questions@cadets.net. A link to this address is also provided on aim to provide
CadetNet in the CPU folder located in each elemental forum. We will not be able to respond to individual sea cadets with
queries. However, your questions will be considered when we prepare future CPU-related information. more on-water
(Photo by Lt(N)
Paul Simas)

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 35

VIEWPOINT Capt Jacqueline Zweng

Being CO
Not as scary as it seems

Capt Zweng When I first took the job as I couldn’t help but think that it is too
practises what commanding officer (CO) of bad about the perception that being
she preaches, 89 Air Cadet Squadron in a CO is too big a challenge or more
getting out of Victoria, a number of people pain than gain. I began my term as As CO, I get to see things from a
her office onto (including past COs, other CIC
the floor to CO wondering what was so bad whole new perspective and really see
officers, volunteers, parents, about the job and how long it would what this program is about from all
talk to her
and cadets) approached me take me to find out. Now that I have angles. Prior to being CO, I spent
saying things like, been a CO for two years, however, most of my time in the training
my message to everyone is that department (which offered a certain
“Wow, you really want view of how a squadron should be),
to do this?” being a CO is amazing!
but the bigger picture is so much
CIC officers out there need to realize more dynamic than that. Each per-
“Um, have fun,” in a that being a CO is the ultimate goal son supporting the program, includ-
sarcastic tone. for us. It is not as scary as it seems! ing officers, parents, sponsors, affili-
“Three years is going Yes there are challenges and situa- ated units, volunteers, friends and
to feel like forever.” tions to work through on a regular family, has a unique and valuable
basis, but that is the part that is so role to play. The CO’s primary
“The first thing you do responsibility is keeping the balance
rewarding. We would all be kidding
as a CO is start looking ourselves to think that being a CIC among them and recognizing that
for your replacement.” officer in any job would not be diffi- even the smallest hands are helping
cult. The same goes for being a CO. hands and need to fit in.

There are no regulations out there that say that as a CO you should know
how to do everything perfectly. It is a learning process.

36 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007

Each time my squadron meets, I see
someone smile and learn something If you are a CO and feel removed from
new! That is all most of us need to
be satisfied with what we are doing. your cadets, then get out of the office onto
At the end of the day I always leave the floor and talk to them.
Cadets with a sense of accomplish-
ment and pride in my squadron.
Once you become a CO, you have and said her CO was looking experience I could have asked for
all the tools you need to take on all forward to stepping down and being and is worth every minute. I am
aspects of the program and mentor able to work closely with the cadets looking forward to one more year
and guide the younger officers to again. I was puzzled because as a and what will develop in that time.
achieve their goals. CO, I am very close to my cadets. I My message to you is that you are all
don’t feel that I have had to distance capable of this job.
There are no regulations out there
myself because of my new title. I
that say that as a CO you should Formed in 1942, 89 Air Cadet
strive to know each cadet’s name,
know how to do everything perfect- Squadron has approximately 90
their personality and interests. What
ly. It is a learning process. I often cadets, nine CIC officers, four
is so difficult about that? If you are a
receive emails from my regional civilian instructors and a number
CO and feel removed from your
cadet support unit telling me I filled of volunteers. In 2005, Capt Zweng
cadets, then get out of the office onto
out a form incorrectly or that I filled became the squadron’s first female—
the floor and talk to them. You’re the
out the wrong form. But each time I and its youngest—CO. She was
CO: you can do whatever you want.
learn from it and smile that this is 27 at the time.
one less thing that I will do wrong This is a wonderful time in my CIC
next time. By the time any of you career. Being a CO is the best
become lieutenants or captains
(depending on the size of your
corps/squadron), you are ready—
with the required courses—to be
a CO.
At the same time, staff members of
every corps/squadron need to be
supportive of their CO. Running a
corps/squadron is not a one-person
show. COs are ultimately responsi-
ble, but that does not mean they are
able to do it on their own. I have
learned that a CO does a lot of ‘hid-
den’ tasks daily, so when you meet
for parade nights, work a little hard-
er for him or her because the experi-
ence of the staff combined—not just
the CO’s experience—is what makes
it all work. You should also treat one
another with the same respect that
you treat your CO.
A member of another unit talked to
me recently at an area competition

Running a corps/squadron is not a one-person show. COs are ultimately

responsible, but that does not mean they are able to do it on their own.

Professional Development for Leaders of the Cadet Program 37

Created by Regional Cadet Instructors School (Atlantic)


CIC officers may be authorized to take other Canadian

1 Forces/civilian training in the following

a) If there is a need within the Canadian Cadet
Organization/Cadet Instructors Cadre;
b) If it is not available through the organization
and is cost effective;
c) If the regional cadet support unit
commanding officer authorizes the training; or
d) All of the above.

The training progression of an officer is the

2 responsibility of:
a) the officer;
b) the officer’s commanding officer;
c) the regional cadet instructors school; or
d) Directorate Cadets

The following is a list of specialized courses

3 offered regularly through regional cadet

instructors schools for local headquarters:
a) Band Officer, Marksmanship Coach,
Biathlon Coach, Unit Administration
5. (c). Reference DCdts 1085-16-5 Trial Directive
4. (c). Reference CATO 23-05, paragraph 12
Officer, Unit Human Rights Advisor 3. (d). Reference CATO 24-01, Annex A
and Unit Supply Officer; 2. (b). Reference CATO 24-01 paragraph 7
b) First Aid, Small Craft Operator Permit 1. (d). Reference CATO 24-01, paragraph 12 g
Modules, Abseil Instructor, Basic Canoe ANSWERS
Instructor, Green Star Instructor and
Tow Pilot Qualification;
c) Military Occupational courses,

Lieutenant Qualification, Captain
Qualification and the Commanding
Officer Course; or
d) Cold Weather Instructor, Biathlon Coach,
Unit Administration Officer, Unit Human
Rights Advisor and Unit Supply Officer
March 9–15, 2008: May 1, 2009:
National Cadet Biathlon 100th anniversary of the CIC
Which of the following is true of Civilian
Championship in

4 Instructor training?
a) Civilian Instructors are not permitted to
attend training as they are hired for
their pre-existing skills and expertise.
Quebec City
Co-ordinator is
Capt Normand Gonthier at:
See more on this on page 30.

February 12–28, 2010:

Olympic Winter Games in
b) Civilian Instructors may attend training captNGonthier@forces.gc.ca. Vancouver–Whistler.
and be paid in the same way as CIC Check with your region regarding
For more information visit
officers. team applications.
c) Civilian Instructors may attend training Recruitment for Games-time
but cannot be paid. May 4–10, 2008:
National Cadet volunteers will begin in 2008.
d) Civilian Instructors attend different
courses than CIC officers and are paid Marksmanship
Championship in 2010 Canadian Naval
to do so.
British Columbia Centennial
What was the first new CIC training course (Exact location to be determined). Visit

5 to be delivered as a trial?
a) Basic Officer Qualification Course
b) CIC Orientation Course
Co-ordinator is Capt Doug
Salmon at
for the most up-to-date news.

c) Basic Officer Training Course Check with your region regarding

d) Cadet Instructor Initial Training Course
team applications.

38 CADENCE Issue 23, Fall 2007