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1993 Hong Kong Certificate Of Education Examination

Chemistry Paper II
There are 50 questions in the paper.
A. Ag + 2H+ → Ag+ + NO2 + H2O
1. Which of the following pairs of atoms/ions has B. Ag + 4H+ + 2NO3– → Ag + 4NO2 + O2 +
the same number of electrons? 2H2O
C. 3Ag + 4HNO3 → AgNO3 + 3NO2 + 2H2O
A. Mg2+ and F
B. Cl and Ne
D. Ag + 4HNO3 → AgNO3 + 3NO2 + 2H2O
C. K + and O2-
D. Cl- and S2- 6. Which is the percentage by mass of silver in the
coin? (Relative atomic masses: Cl = 35.5, Ag =
2. The element, sodium to chlorine, in the third
period of the Periodic Table show a gradual A. 45
change in properties. Which of the following B. 60
changes is correct? C. 75
D. 90
A. Their melting points increase.
B. Their ability to gain electrons increases.
C. Their oxides change from acidic to basic. 7. CO2(g) + CaCO3(x) + H2O(y)→Ca(HCO3)(z)
D. Their chlorides change from covalent to
ionic. In the above chemical equations, which of the
following combinations is correct?
3. Which of the following molecules is linear in x y z
A. aq l aq
A. tetrachloromethane B. s aq s
B. water C. s l s
C. ammonia D. s l aq
D. carbon dioxide

8. The molecular formula of gaseous element X is

4. The element with atomic number 11 will X2. If the relative atomic mass of X is 19, what
combine most readily with the element whose is the number of molecules in 114g of the gas?
atomic number is (Avogadro’s number = 6.02 x 1023)

A. 12 A. 3
B. 13 B. 6
C. 17 C. 3 x 6.02 x 1023
D. 18 D. 6 x 6.02 x 1023

Direction: Q.5 and Q.6 refer to the following

9. 0.21g of a gaseous hydrocarbon occupies
0.12dm3 at room temperature and pressure. If
this hydrocarbon has the empirical formula
CH2, what is its molecular formula?
A silver coin, with a mass of 12.00g, was dissolved
(Relative atomic mass : H = 1.0, C = 12.0;
completely in concentrated nitric acid. When excess
Molar volume of gas at room temperature and
potassium chloride solution was added to the
pressure = 24.0dm3)
resulting solution, 14.35g of a white precipitate were
A. C2H4
B. C3H6
5. Which of the following equations correctly C. C4H8
represents the reaction between silver and D. C5H10
concentrated nitric acid?

10. (This item was deleted in the live paper as it metals?
was found to be unsuitable.)
A. W>X>Y
Which of the following compound does NOT B. W>Y>X
give a characteristic colour to the flame in the C. X>Y>W
flame test? D. Y>W>X

A. potassium chloride 15. The oxidation number of copper remains

B. calcium chloride unchanged when
C. copper(II) chloride
D. magnesium chloride A. magnesium ribbon is added to copper(II)
sulphate solution.
B. sodium carbonate solution is added to
11. The following substances were burnt in oxygen copper(II) nitrate solution.
and the products were mixed with water. C. carbon is heated with copper(II) oxide.
Which of these substances would produce a D. copper foil is burnt in chlorine.
resulting solution with the highest pH value?

A. calcium 16. In which of the following equations does the

B. iron underlined substance undergo reduction?
C. sulphur
D. carbon A. 2H2O + 2K → 2KOH + H2
B. Fe2(SO4)3 + 2KI → 2FeSO4 + K2SO4 + I2
12. A mixture contains copper powder and zinc C. 2H2S + SO2 → 3S + 2H2O
powder. In order to remove the zinc powder, D. NaClO + SO2 + H2O → NaCl + H2SO4
the mixture is heated with an acid and filtered.
Which of the following acids should be used?
A. dilute nitric acid
B. concentrated nitric acid
C. dilute sulphuric acid
D. concentrated sulphuric acid

13. 0.12g of sodium metal is added to a large

volume of water. When the reaction is
completed, the resulting solution is treated with
0.2M hydrochloric acid. What is the volume of
the acid required, to the nearest cm3, for
complete neutralization?

A. 13
B. 26 With reference to the above diagram, which of the
C. 39 following statements is correct?
D. 52
A. The electrode made of metal X is the
positive pole.
14. The carbonates of three metals W, X and Y are B. Copper is at a higher position in the
separately heated strongly and the results electrochemical series than metal X.
obtained are tabulated below: C. The mass of the copper electrode
D. The mass of the electrode made to metal X
Action of heat on
Metal decreases.
metal carbonate
CO2(g) and O2(g)
18. In an electrolysis experiment, a steady current
X No reaction
of 0.5A was passed through an aqueous solution
Y CO2(g) evolved of the chloride of an unknown metal M for 1
hour 20 minutes. At the end of the experiment,
Which of the following arrangements represents
the correct decreasing order of reactivity of the

1.15g of metal M were deposited at the cathode. 21. In Dish II, which of the following colours will
What is the formula of the chloride? develop around the iron wire and the copper
(Relative atomic mass of metal M = 140; 1 wire?
faraday = 96500 coulombs)
iron wire copper wire
A. MCl A. pink blue
B. MCl2 B. blue pink
C. MCl3 C. pink no colour
D. MCl4 D. blue no colour
22. Which of the following reactions would product
a halogen?
(1) sodium chloride + concentrated sulphuric
(2) sodium bromide + concentrated sulphuric
(3) sodium iodide + concentrated sulphuric

A. (1) only
B. (3) only
C. (1) and (2) only
D. (2) and (3) only
In the above experiment, which of the following
major products will be liberated at the electrodes?
23. Which of the following statements about a
cathode anode solution of hydrogen chlorides in water is
A. magnesium oxygen correct?
B. magnesium bromine
C. hydrogen bromine A. The hydrogen chloride exists as molecules
D. hydrogen oxygen in the solution.
B. The hydrogen chloride is slightly ionized in
Directions: Q.20 and Q.21 refer to the following C. The pH value of the solution is greater than
experiment: 7.
Three different pairs of metal wires are placed D. The reaction between the solution and
separately in petri dishes (as shown in the diagram aqueous ammonia is exothermic.
below) containing a mixture of gelatin, potassium
hexacyanoferrate(III) solution and phenolphthalein
solution. 24. There is a gradual change in the properties of
halogens from chlorine to iodine. Which of the
following properties are in the order.
chlorine < bromine < iodine?

(1) oxidizing power

(2) density
(3) boiling point
Which of the following statements are correct?
(1) The iron wire in Dish I does not corrode readily. A. (1) and (2) only
(2) The iron wire in Dish II corrodes readily. B. (2) and (3) only
(3) The iron wires in Dish III do not corrode. C. (1) and (3) only
D. (1), (2) and (3)
A. (1) and (2) only
B. (1) and (3) only 25. Which of the following properties apply to
C. (2) and (3) only sulphur dioxide?
D. (1), (2) and (3) (1) It bleaches dry litmus paper.
(2) It decolorizes bromine water.
(3) It supports the burning of magnesium

transferred to flask Y and heated as shown
A. (1) and (2) only below:
B. (1) and (3) only
C. (2) and (3) only
D. (1), (2) and (3) 30. What is the function of the piece of apparatus
labeled X?
26. On heating, blue copper(II) sulphate crystals
gradually change to a white powder. Which of
the following statements are correct?
(1) Heat would be liberated if water is added to
the white powder.
(2) On further heating, the white powder
would turn reddish-brown.
(3) A chemical change occurs during the
heating of the blue crystals.

A. (1) and (2) only

B. (1) and (3) only
C. (2) and (3) only
D. (1), (2) and (3)

27. Which of the following solutions forms a

A. to condense the products in M
precipitate with excess aqueous ammonia?
B. to separate the products in M
C. to prevent the loss of the products in M due
A. copper(II) chloride solution
to evaporation
B. aluminum nitrate solution
D. to prevent the loss of the reactants in M due
C. zinc sulphate solution
to evaporation
D. sodium chloride solution

31. The first fraction of the distillate collected in

28. In the above experiment, the gaseous products
flask Z is mainly
A. methanol
A. nitrogen and water vapour. B. propan-1-ol
B. nitrogen and hydrogen. C. methanoic acid
C. nitrogen monoxide and water vapour. D. propanoic acid
D. nitrogen monoxide and hydrogen.

32. Which of the following substances can react

29. In the above process, which of the following with propene?
combinations is correct?
(1) concentrated sodium hydroxide solution
Process X (2) acidified potassium permanganate solution
fractional (3) ethanol
A. an alkane
fractional A. (1) only
B. an alkene B. (2) only
C. cracking an alkane C. (1) and (3) only
D. cracking an alkene D. (2) and (3) only

Direction: Q.30 and Q.31 refer to the following 33. Which of the following statements about fossil
experiment: fuels is correct?

A mixture of methyl propanoate and sulphuric A. They are liquids or gases.

acid was allowed to react by heating under B. They are all formed from plants which died
reflux for some time until equilibrium was millions of years ago.
reached. The resulting mixture M was then

C. They can be recycled to help conserve
energy resources.
D. They cause air pollution when burnt.

34. Which concentrated sulphuric acid is added

dropwise to a solution containing urea and
methanal in a test tube with shaking, a white
solid can be formed. Which of the following
statements about this experiment is/ are correct?

(1) The reaction involved is condensation

(2) Concentration sulphuric acid acts as an
oxidizing agent.
(3) The white solid is a thermoplastic

A. (1) only 38. The reaction between X(aq) and Y(aq) is

B. (2) only represented by the following equation:
C. (1) and (3) only
D. (2) and (3) only X(aq) + Y(aq) ↔ Z(aq)

Which of the following graphs represents the

35. A polymer has the following structure: change of concentration of Y(aq) with time
when fixed quantities of X(aq) and Y(aq) are
introduced into a closed container?

Its monomer is

A. chloroethene
B. 1,1-dichloroethane
C. 1,2-dichloroethane
D. 1,2-dichloroethane

36. Consider the following equilibrium system:

Which of the following statements about the
above system is/are correct?

(1) When the temperature is increased, the

colour of the system becomes darker.
(2) When the pressure is increased, the total Direction: Q.39 and Q.40 refer to the following
number of molecules in the system experiment on the study of the rate of reaction
increases. between hydrochloric acid and sodium
(3) When the volume is increased, the colour thiosulphate solution:
of the system becomes darker immediately.
10 cm3 portions of 2.0M hydrochloric acid were
A. (1) only added to four separate conical flasks each
B. (2) only containing sodium thiosulphate solution which
C. (1) and (3) only was prepared respectively as follows:
D. (2) and (3) only
sodium thiosulphate
conical volume
37. A mixture of ammonia and oxygen is passed flask of water
concentration volume
over red hot platinum for a few minutes. Which W 1.0M 80 cm3 10 cm3
of the following graphs represents a plot of the X 1.5M 60 cm3 30 cm3
mass of platinum against time? Y 2.5M 30 cm3 60 cm3

Z 3.0M 20 cm3 70 cm3
39. In which of the above conical flasks does the A. barium chloride solution
reaction proceed at the fastest rate? B. sodium hydroxide solution
C. nitric acid
A. W D. hydrochloric acid
B. X
C. Y
D. Z 44. Which of the following statements is
40. Which of the following apparatus should be
used when carrying our the above experiment in A. Tin is used for making food cans.
addition to the conical flasks? B. Sulphuric acid is used for making soap.
C. Ammonium chloride is used for making
(1) syringe dry cells.
(2) stop watch D. Chlorine is used for sterilizing drinking
(3) measuring cylinder water.

A. (1) and (2) only

B. (1) and (3) only Direction: Each question below (Question Nos. 45
C. (2) and (3) only to 50) consists of two separate statements. Decide
D. (1), (2) and (3) whether each of the two statements is true or false; if
both are true, then decide whether or not the second
statement is a correct explanation of the first
41. Which of the following experiments is statement. Then select one option from A to D
potentially hazardous and should NOT be according to the following table:
carried out on a laboratory bench?
1st statement 2nd statement
45. Concentrated sulphuric Sulphuric acid is more
acid can be used to volatile than nitric acid
A. heating ammonium nitrate strongly in a test prepare nitric acid.
B. passing ethane through bromine water in a 46. Sodium carbonate is not Sodium carbonate is an
conical flask decomposed by heat. ionic compound.
C. adding a small piece of sodium to a beaker
of ethanol 47. A flash of lightning Lightning provides
D. pouring a small amount of concentrated causes nitrogen sufficient energy for
nitric acid into a trough of water monoxide to be formed nitrogen to react with
in the air. oxygen in the air.

48. Which car exhaust Nitrogen dioxide is

gases are bubbled into present in car exhaust
citrated blood, the gases.
colour of the blood
gradually becomes
cherry red.

49. 100cm3 of 1M Both acids contain the

hydrochloric acid react same concentration of
42. Which of the following solids can be purified with excess magnesium H+(aq) ions.
using the above set-up? ribbon at the same rate
as 100cm3 of 1M
A. potassium iodide sulphuric acid.
B. ammonium chloride
C. lead(II) bromide 50. When a reversible A catalyst can increase
D. sodium hydrogencarbonate reaction is at the rate of the forward
equilibrium, the amount reaction.
of product increases on
43. Which of the following reagents can be used to addition of a catalyst.
distinguish between aluminum sulphate solution
and lead(II) ethanoate solution?