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LANGUAGE DISORDERS

An overview

IRA VELASCO, SLP


Pines City Lions Club, Governor Pack Road, Baguio City , Philippines Tel.+63 (0)74- 446-6121 / Mobile +639178119032 website: www.achildsdream.ph email: info@achildsdream.ph FB: www.facebook.com/achildsdreamfoundation

COMMUNICATION

Message Sender LANGUAGE


Crying Pictures Facial expressions Signs & symbols Gestures Writing

Receiver

Speech

Decoding the terms

Speech Disorders Inability to produce speech sounds correctly or fluently


(e.g. bulol; stuttering)

Language Disorders Difficulty understanding Difficulty expressing thoughts, ideas, and feelings

Problems with voice


(e.g. hoarse voice, pitch breaks)

Decoding the terms

Language Delay

Language Disorders Language features are different or unusual at any age

Language features are not age-appropriate

Decoding the terms

Aphasia: disorder resulting from damage to parts of the brain that control language functions
Receptive Aphasia Expressive Aphasia Global Aphasia

Language Disorders in Adults

Mild aphasia Some ability to carry on conversations Difficulty with long instructions or questions Anomia

Language Disorders in Adults

Severe aphasia Little or no comprehension Little or no speech Possibly some approximations of common phrases

Language Disorders in Adults

Receptive aphasia Takes longer to understand spoken language Has difficulty understanding rapid speech May misinterpret figurative language

Language Disorders in Adults

Expressive aphasia Speaks only in single words or short phrases Omits smaller words (like telegram) Jumbles words in phrases Switches sounds and/ or words Jargon May speak fluently but lack sense

Language Disorders in Adults

Stroke Dementia Brain injury

Possible causes of language disorders


Adults

Preschool Language Disorders: difficulty with comprehending or talking that occurs at 3-5 years old

Difficulty understanding gestures, commands, or questions naming objects and pictures constructing sentences conversing or telling stories using pronouns with pre-writing and pre-reading skills

Language Disorders in Children

Language-Based Learning Disabilities: dyslexia; learning disabilities Difficulty using the right words to express ideas clearly learning new words understanding written questions and directions remembering sequence remembering details

Language Disorders in Children

reading and comprehending telling Left from Right learning letters and numbers learning letter sounds spelling memorizing telling time Jumbles letters and numbers

Language Disorders in Children

Selective mutism: failure to speak in at least one social setting despite ability to speak in other settings Consistent failure to speak in at least one setting or situation Not due to lack of knowledge or comfort with the language required in that situation Not due to communication disorder Does not exclusively occur in the course of pervasive developmental disorder, or psychotic disorder

Language Disorders in Children

Pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) Attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Hearing impairment (HI) Down Syndrome (DS) Mental Retardation (MR) Cerebral Palsy (CP) Stroke Emotional / behavioral disorders

Possible causes of language disorders


Children

LANGUAGE DISORDERS
An overview

IRA VELASCO, SLP


Pines City Lions Club, Governor Pack Road, Baguio City , Philippines Tel.+63 (0)74- 446-6121 / Mobile +639178119032 website: www.achildsdream.ph email: info@achildsdream.ph FB: www.facebook.com/achildsdreamfoundation