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A P P L I C A T I O N

N O T E

Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet


Leveraging the 7705 SAR for Wireline Transformation

Abstract
As Internet usage is growing significantly due to an insatiable appetite for multimedia applications and content, many operators are facing an increasing amount of legacy obsolescence issues with their installed base of high-speed Internet infrastructure. What was a strategic asset just a few years ago has suddenly turned into a financial liability that is limiting service growth and innovation. A majority of these service providers may already have considerable investments in next-generation broadband infrastructure based on IP, Ethernet and MPLS technologies, but lack the critical link that provides backwards compatibility with their legacy ATM-based infrastructure. As a result, many existing subscribers, services and revenues are effectively marooned on an island of legacy infrastructure that is facing rapidly dwindling resources. The Alcatel-Lucent 7705 Service Aggregation Router (SAR) is a next-generation aggregation platform that is purpose-built for network transformation tasks spanning TDM, ATM, Ethernet and IP/MPLS technologies. The Alcatel-Lucent 7705 SAR bridges technology generation gaps between evolving 2G, 3G and 4G mobile networking technologies just as easily as it can bridge those that exist between TR-059 and TR-101 broadband aggregation networks for wireline. This application note discusses the application of the 7705 SAR to enable operators to cost-effectively leverage and consolidate their existing ATM DSLAM installations on a next-generation IP/Ethernet broadband services platform.

Table of contents
1 2 3 4 5 6 9 11 11 13 14 14 14 1. Executive summary 2. New technology introduction and legacy migration 3. Alcatel-Lucent 7705 Service Aggregation Router 4. Legacy aggregation and interworking scenarios 4.1 Legacy ATM transport over MPLS pseudowires 4.2 Legacy ATM interworking with Ethernet aggregation 5. Legacy subscriber consolidation and service innovation 6. Alcatel-Lucent data integration and migration services 6.1 Multivendor Integration 6.2 Multivendor data network migration 7. Conclusion 8. References and sources 9. Glossary of terms

1. Executive summary
The introductions of IPTV, video on demand (VoD) and rich multimedia services require a network transformation from todays IP service delivery networks that are built for best-effort Internet (HSI) services to a converged, future-safe broadband services platform that is able to take on Web 2.0 delivery requirements. The main rationale for an HSI legacy migration is to shift investments from legacy maintenance to the strategic build-out of next-generation infrastructure and services. Although legacy infrastructure represents a sunk cost and is fully operationalized, there are increasing and ongoing maintenance expenses (i.e., OpEx), while the network lacks the capacity and capability for service innovation and new revenue creation. Although legacy network migration is needed, the goal is to make such migration financially feasible and operationally non-disruptive. A lot of time and resources have gone into the establishment of existing IT/OSS infrastructure and this effort should be leveraged by providing backwards compatibility with the present mode of operation, while paving the way towards a future mode of operation. A gradual migration of the IP transport layer from legacy ATM to Ethernet and from PPPoX to IPoE eases the migration of existing subscribers and services to the next-generation all-IP platform. This application note reviews a subset of migration scenarios that are based on best practices that have been developed with leading service providers to address these migration requirements in a cost-optimized manner (see Figure 1).
Figure 1. Legacy broadband network transformation
Next-gen TR-101 network

HQoS

Policy Manager

CPE Multiple devices per subscriber

AN

EAN

BNG

RADIUS/DHCP server

Converged OSS Apps

Strategic network value Investment phase

Transport Legacy PPoE HSI network

IT/OSS Service migration

PPPoE CPE DSLAM ATM aggregation Legacy BRAS RADIUS server Billing system

Diminishing network value Cash cow

Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

2. New technology introduction and legacy migration


As the legacy HSI infrastructure and service models are being challenged by the rise of Internet video, on-line gaming and other rich multimedia content, an inflection point is approaching at which it becomes more economical to transform the network to a new architecture that is better optimized to handle these requirements than to keep progressing with incremental legacy upgrades. For many Telco service providers, this network transformation was triggered by the need to offer IPTV as a means to close an important gap with competing MSOs in terms of services portfolio. For others, this transformation point only occurs now, as their legacy HSI infrastructure is becoming increasingly congested by emerging, bandwidth-hungry applications like peer-to-peer and streaming video. From a cost and investment perspective, the goal is to balance the cost of rolling out new infrastructure, and to address multimedia service innovation requirements, while at the same time avoiding the need to make substantial upgrades and extensions of the installed base to cater for continuing growth in HSI in other words how to implement an effective cap-and-grow strategy that leverages installed base assets, while reaching the end-goal of converged service delivery? This migration will take several years to complete, and it is therefore important to manage capital and operational expenditures during the transformation process carefully, as well as absorbing the ramp-up costs of building a next-generation service delivery infrastructure, while saving cost for legacy services and infrastructure. The transformation process has the following phases: Introduction phase: The initial roll-out of a next-gen residential IP broadband infrastructure, to build service coverage in a given geographical area, in conjunction with legacy voice and HSI networks. Upgrade phase: This is a cap-and-grow phase in which the next-gen infrastructure provides full service coverage in a given area. Both new subscribers and existing voice and HSI subscribers that upgrade to a multiservice bundle are migrated over to the new all-IP broadband network in a gradual process. (This is indicated by the vertical arrows dropping down in Figure 2.) Migration phase: Legacy infrastructure is being phased out and remaining customers are transparently migrated to the next-gen infrastructure, even if they have decided not to upgrade their existing service. The rationale is to reduce the cost of maintaining separate legacy infrastructures in parallel. (This is indicated by the horizontal arrows in Figure 2.)
Figure 2. All-IP broadband network transformation process

Legacy PSTN CAPEX/OPEX requirements


Dialup IA POTS VoIP/FMC Hybrid phone Connected home Internet video On-line gaming

Legacy HSIA

Best effort services

MOS

IPTV Triple Play bundles Introduction HSI migration HDTV/PIP PSTN migration VoD/nPVR

Multiscreen multimedia All-IP NGN

Converged services network Time

IPTV/video inection point

Internet video inection point

IP multimedia inection point

Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

The end result is converged broadband service delivery over a common IP broadband infrastructure. Note that these phases may overlap in time, especially on a network-wide basis. While subscribers that only require HSI and/or voice could still be served through the legacy ATM DSL access infrastructure, a legacy replacement of the ATM aggregation layer may be more cost-effective and futuresafe than to continue down the route of incremental upgrades. The following section will introduce the Alcatel-Lucent 7705 SAR as a platform of choice to migrate ATM legacy aggregation.

3. Alcatel-Lucent 7705 Service Aggregation Router


The Alcatel-Lucent 7705 Service Aggregation Router (SAR) is an edge aggregation platform providing superior IP/MPLS and pseudowire capabilities (Figure 3). The 7705 SAR excels at concentrating traffic from wireline and radio access sites and adapting it to a normalized IP/MPLS infrastructure that leverages available media, especially scalable, cost-effective Ethernet. It is also extremely effective at transporting of legacy traffic such as T1/E1 private line transport over a modernized infrastructure.
Figure 3. Alcatel-Lucent 7705 SAR family
Redundant 12x 2.5G CSMs adapter slots

4x 10G adapter slots Alarm module

7705 SAR-F
2 Gb/s HD Small sites hardened

7705 SAR-8
12 Gb/s HD Small to medium aggregation sites

7705 SAR-18
140 Gb/s HD Large aggregation hubs or smaller central sites

The 7705 SARs quality of service, traffic management, provisioning, troubleshooting and billing features make it possible to provide consistent, superior services. Its flexible interface options (Figure 4) and future-proof architecture will enable it to address evolving aggregation requirements.
Figure 4. Interface adapter cards for 7705 SAR-8 and SAR-18

Ethernet
8-port Ethernet: 6 ports of 10/100 Base-Tx 2 ports of 10/100/1000 with small form factor pluggable (SFP) optics

SONET/SDH
4-port OC-3/STM-1 clear channel 2-port OC-3/STM-1 channelized

ASAP
16-port ASAP T1/E1 32-port ASAP T1/E1 4-port DS3/E3

Built on the same architectural software base as the highly successful Alcatel-Lucent service router products, the 7705 SAR enables the creation of an end-to-end solution for the growing fixed and mobile aggregation market. The Alcatel-Lucent 7705 SAR backhaul solution employs pseudowire encapsulation methods to map services end-to-end, ensuring that the key service attributes are

Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

maintained, while using a cost-effective packet environment to aggregate services. In addition to pseudowire transport, IP routing and forwarding are supported. Services such as ATM, ATM IMA, Ethernet and TDM traffic can be natively switched across the 7705 SAR and transported over Ethernet/MPLS and SDH/SONET transport architectures. Table 1 lists the key deployment benefits of the 7705 SAR.
Table 1. Key deployment benefits
CuSTomeR ISSue oR PRobLem SoLuTIon DIFFeRenTIATIon

ATM switches were traditionally used for DSLAM aggregation, but broadband access and services have now converged on IP over Ethernet transport Uplink capacity becomes a bottle neck, but upgrading the ATM infrastructure is not a strategic investment for the operator Operator wants to leverage sunk investment in ATM DSLAMs but has future-oriented infrastructure in networking

7705 SAR addresses the balance between leveraging existing investment in ATM DSLAMs while allowing for a transition to Ethernet uplinks Allows the operator to make the best use of the scalable Ethernet aggregation infrastructure 7705 SAR can interconnect legacy ATM DSLAMs and IP DSLAMs over next generation Ethernet and MPLS transport

The 7705 SAR has a unique transformational capability as it is a modern, compact IP/MPLS-based platform with legacy interface support The 7705 SAR provides high-density capacity from 2 to 140 Gb/s switching capacity in a compact chassis The 7705 SAR allows full leverage of existing assets while investing for a future-oriented architecture

4. Legacy aggregation and interworking scenarios


Today, ATM DSLAMs are deployed in the wiring offices (WO) and central offices (CO) of carrier networks. The traffic is aggregated by an ATM switch and then transported over a SONET network to a central location where the BRAS terminates the sessions. But as traffic volumes are growing due to bandwidth-hungry Internet applications, operators are forced to deal with their ATM aggregation node congestion by building out capacity in the ATM and SONET network until there is a cost-effective way to move the traffic to the metro Ethernet network (see Figure 5).
Figure 5. Coexistence of legacy and next-generation infrastructure

WO N x T1

CO

OC-3 ATM DSLAM DS3 OC-3 ATM switch

ADM

ADM

SONET/ATM network ADM

OC-3 ATM DSLAM ATM DSLAM ADM ADM IP BRAS

ATM DSLAM Ethernet Ethernet IP DSLAM

7450 ESS

7750 SR IP/MPLS Metro

7450 ESS

7750 SR

IP BRAS

Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

While the legacy ATM network and the next-generation infrastructure can coexist and operate as ships in the night, there is a significant duplication of resources and efforts. Over time, a natural subscriber migration occurs as more demanding subscribers will upgrade their broadband service to typically higher speeds and a broader service offering that can be supported on the next-generation infrastructure. As the legacy infrastructure is gradually bleeding subscribers and revenues, it will ultimately reach the point where legacy retirement becomes financially attractive to the network provider. The question then is How do you conduct this retirement process in an orderly manner? 4.1 Legacy ATM transport over MPLS pseudowires Service providers will look for a cost-effective migration strategy for legacy infrastructure that minimizes service disruption for the existing subscriber base. They will attempt to leverage the installed ATM DSLAM base for existing customers, while minimizing expenditures on further capacity upgrades to cater to increasing HSI traffic volumes. The validity of the DSLAM upgrade scenarios will depend on the make, model and age of the installed base. One option is to upgrade existing ATM DSLAMs (e.g., Alcatel 7300/7301 ASAM) with Ethernet network terminations, effectively turning them into IP DSLAMs that can directly interface with a next-generation aggregation network. However, this effectively entails an investment in legacy infrastructure, which may not be the best use of capital. The alternative is to use legacy interfacing options in the next-generation aggregation network. In this scenario, the Alcatel-Lucent 7705 SAR is introduced to directly aggregate traffic from legacy ATM DSLAMs typically from N x T1, DS3 and OC-3 uplinks that are carried within ATM VPs and encapsulate this traffic in MPLS tunnels for transport over the IP/MPLS or SDH/SONET metro network. Subscriber traffic from IP DSLAMs in the same CO can be aggregated on the same 7705 SAR that provides investment protection in the aggregation layer, as subscribers and services gradually migrate from legacy ATM DLSAMs to IP DSLAMs. The solution (see Figure 6) replaces the existing ATM aggregation network, which can then be phased out. To manage subscriber services delivered from the legacy ATM DSLAMs, there are two options: A dual-edge approach, in which legacy ATM BRAS and next-gen IP BRAS coexist. The ATM BRAS is managing subscribers on the legacy ATM DSLAMs, and the IP BRAS is handling IP DSLAM subs. The 7750 SR acts as the L2 service edge, handing subscriber traffic to respective legacy ATM BRAS and IP BRAS systems. The advantage is a transparent operational migration of the legacy ATM aggregation layer in which the existing ATM BRAS is fully leveraged. A single-edge approach, in which interworking functions adapt subscriber traffic from ATM DSLAMs for termination on an IP BRAS in order to phase out legacy ATM BRAS. In this scenario, the 7750 SR can act as a converged Broadband Network Gateway for all subscribers, thus avoiding the need for separate BRAS systems. The advantage is a more consolidated network and a more homogeneous subscriber experience.

Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

Figure 6. Aggregating legacy ATm PVCs into ATm VPs over mPLS pseudowires
ATM PVC ATM VP pseudowire MPLS WO N x T1 CO PPP Eth VCI VPI PPP Eth VCI VPI Srvc Lbl MPLS Lbl PPP Eth VCI VPI Srvc Lbl MPLS Lbl ATM broadband services 7450 ESS OC-3 7705 SAR-18 GigE IP/MPLS Metro 7450 ESS IP broadband services 7750 SR (BNG) IP BRAS ATM BRAS

ATM DSLAM DS3 OC-3 ATM DSLAM ATM DSLAM

GigE ATM DSLAM

IP DSLAM

Note that these scenarios are not necessarily competing alternatives. They can be executed sequentially as a migration strategy that, first, consolidates legacy ATM DSLAMs in a common aggregation network and, secondly, consolidates legacy subscribers and services on a converged IP service edge. Conducting the migration in two steps may spread the amount of complexity and effort involved. The 7705 SAR can aggregate traffic both on a next-generation MPLS/Ethernet metropolitan area network or existing SDH/SONET metro transport networks. 4.2 Legacy ATM interworking with Ethernet aggregation The advantage of transporting ATM traffic over MPLS pseudowires lies in its operational simplicity and interworking transparency. Subscribers and services delivered from legacy ATM DSLAMs share the same aggregation network but peacefully coexist and operate as ships-in-the-night. The drawback of this scenario is that this logical separation implies the need to maintain a redundant operational infrastructure for legacy and next-generation services, which may be costly over time. The following aggregation scenario remedies this issue by introducing interworking functions in the aggregation layer, which allows for the adaptation of subscriber traffic from legacy ATM access traffic into a next- generation IP/Ethernet environment, and subsequently on a common IP service edge. The interworking scenario (Figure 7) aggregates ATM Virtual Private Connections into Service Access Points (SAPs) on a Virtual Private LAN Service. This solution is available for the 7705 SAR in R 4.0 and is identical to the way IP traffic is aggregated in the Alcatel-Lucent Triple Play Service Delivery Architecture model using Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS) to aggregate subscriber traffic.

Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

Figure 7. Aggregation legacy ATm PVCs in ethernet Virtual Private LAn Services
ATM PVC ATM residential SAP and VPLS Spoke SDP to ePipe service MPLS

WO N x T1

CO

ATM DSLAM DS3 OC-3 ATM DSLAM ATM DSLAM 7450 ESS OC-3 7705 SAR-18 GigE

7750 SR

IP/MPLS Metro 7450 ESS ATM and IP broadband services 7750 SR 7750 SR (BNG)

GigE ATM DSLAM

IP DSLAM

A logical bridging domain (VPLS) is created, which can terminate ATM Permanent Virtual Connections (PVCs). Each ATM PVC is attached as a circuit into the VPLS instance, and subscribers are represented as residential Service Access Points (SAP) towards the 7450 ESS/ 7750 SR. The SAPs will take PPPoEoA or IPoEoA traffic coming from the CPE/DSLAM and remove the ATM encapsulation to expose the Ethernet header. VPI/VCI addresses are associated to MAC addresses in the Ethernet domain and QoS is applied. For reliability reasons, the VPLS instance utilizes redundant uplinks. Split Horizon forwarding prevents traffic exchange between attached circuits for security reasons (Figure 8). The advantage of the interworking scenario based on subscriber SAPs is that it fits into the 7450 ESS/7750 SR management paradigm in a similar way as subscribers on an IP DSLAM would. It also provides an easy way to map subscriber traffic from SAPs on other types of Layer 2 and Layer 3 identifiers at egress of the MPLS cloud, in order to adapt to different BRAS interworking requirements or different wholesale/retail demarcation options.
Figure 8. Residential Split Horizon
Split horizon ATM ATM ATM ATM ATM Redundant uplinks GigE GigE

Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

An alternative to using residential SAPs for mapping subscriber traffic is shown in Figure 9 and is using MPLS uplinks to groom traffic to the IP service edge (7750 SR). MPLS uplinks can be initiated at the 7705 SAR or at the edge of the Ethernet aggregation network, depending on operational requirements. There are two options (A and B) for extending the MPLS uplinks: Option A extends MPLS all the way to the 7705 SAR. In this case, MPLS fast reroute is used to protect uplink resiliency on the 7705 SAR. This option works well with centralized subscriber management on the 7750 SR (routed CO), or on BRAS systems attached to it. C-VLAN tags are defined per VP/VC on a SAP basis and pushed on access ingress at the 7705 SAR. The S-VLAN tag can (optionally) be pushed in the 7705 SAR and defined per spoke SDP for the VPLS service. The S-VLAN can also be pushed by the 7750 SR on access egress toward the Ethernet BRAS (if required). A consequence of using this option is that there is no possibility for IGMP snooping functions in combination with IP multicast distribution. This capability is used for IPTV service delivery to intelligently forward only those channels that are actually being watched by attached subscribers. This is typically not an issue when aggregating subscribers from legacy ATM DLSAMs because these access nodes generally lack the capacity to deliver IPTV service. However, for attached IP DSLAMs this is a consideration. Option B initiates the MPLS tunnels at the edge of the Ethernet aggregation network. In this case, Gigabit Ethernet Link Aggregation Groups (LAG) are being used to enable resilient uplink connectivity between the 7705 SAR and the 7x50. This scenario allows the 7x50 to enable IGMP snooping (i.e., VPN multicast registration) for efficient IPTV channel distribution and also allows distributed subscriber management on the 7x50. The 7705 SAR tags subscriber traffic with both S and C-VLAN tags so that at egress of the MPLS cloud no further VLAN-tagging is required.
Figure 9. ATm to ethernet interworking using mPLS uplinks
MPLS (Option A) MPLS (Option B)

CO

GigE/ 10GigE STM-1

7x50 MPLS network GBE 7750 SR HSI BRAS

CPE

VC: Voice VC: Data

ATM DSLAM PPP Eth ATM VLAN translation PPP Eth C-VLAN

7705 SAR

7x50

GBE

PPP Eth C-VLAN VPLS Lbl MPLS Lbl PPP Eth C-VLAN S-VLAN

MPLS (Option A)

MPLS (Option B) PPP Eth C-VLAN S-VLAN VPLS Lbl MPLS Lbl

PPP Eth C-VLAN VPLS Lbl MPLS Lbl PPP Eth C-VLAN S-VLAN VPLS Lbl MPLS Lbl

Push S-VLAN @ Service Egress PPP Eth C-VLAN S-VLAN No push required VoIP BRAS

To support Lawful Intercept requirements, PPP PADI/PADO messages are captured at access ingress of the 7705 SAR upon which an Agent-Circuit-ID TLV can be inserted for interception and source trace at the BRAS. As before the 7750 SR can either act as converged Broadband Network Gateway, combining IP Service edge and subscriber management capabilities, or act as a Broadband Service Router feeding into separate BRAS systems.

Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

In conclusion, the Alcatel-Lucent 7705 SAR provides several options to aggregate and transport subscriber traffic from legacy ATM DSLAMs into an Ethernet/MPLS based broadband infrastructure. Which option is best depends on operational requirements expressed by the service provider. AlcatelLucent recommends conducting a network architecture review to determine the best option forward. The Alcatel-Lucent 7705 SAR is IPv6 ready, even as the use of IPv6 is transparent in the specific Layer 2 aggregation applications described in this paper. IPv6 and dual stack subscriber management are an important requirement for the BNG though and the 7750 SR is fully compliant in this area. In addition to migrating the legacy ATM aggregation network, there are various options for consolidating subscriber traffic from legacy ATM DSLAMs and IP DSLAMs on a converged Broadband Network Gateway. This is the subject of the following section.

5. Legacy subscriber consolidation and service innovation


The introduction of the Alcatel-Lucent 7705 Service Aggregation Router provides an elegant and cost-effective solution to enable service providers to shift investments from legacy ATM aggregation (and optionally SDH/SONET) to a more strategic and long term investment in next-generation broadband aggregation infrastructure. However, further research will likely point out that the legacy subscriber services edge ( i.e., BRAS system) is also approaching the end of its technical and economical life cycle and in need of replacement. This discussion revolves around IP edge convergence on a Broadband Network Gateway (BNG) as defined in the TR-101 architecture standard by the Broadband Forum for multiservice delivery to residential consumers (see Figure 10).
Figure 10. The bnG in the TR-101 architecture for ethernet-based DSL aggregation

NSP/BB network gateway A10-NSP L2TP A10-NSP NSP2 IP-QoS A10-NSP ASP1 IP-QoS A10-ASP IP BB network gateway Ethernet aggregation Access node (DSLAM) V Regional broadband network Access network V MDF

NSP1

L2TS Access loop User1 NID CPE T User2

Customer prem. net.

Aggregation network

There are several motivations that drive service providers towards a consolidation of these various service edges into a single converged IP edge centered on the BNG. The first motivation is legacy obsolescence: Many BRAS deployments are reaching their end-of-life, both technically and economically. Some products are already manufacturer discontinued; others simply do not have the horsepower or headroom to take on new requirements for rich multimedia content delivery and IPv6, and a replacement is needed.

Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

Besides obsolescence issues with legacy BRAS systems, there are more overarching concerns to reduce complexity and cost, both capital and operational expenditures. Network elements that perform the role of subscriber and/or service edge are the most complex and heavily instrumented systems in a network. Therefore, if one can consolidate the amount of edge functionalities on fewer platforms, or ideally only on one platform, there can be significant cost synergies. A converged service edge also makes it far easier to offer a seamless multi-screen service experience to the connected home. Consolidating subscriber traffic from both legacy ATM DSLAMs and next-gen IP DSLAMs on a common Broadband Network Gateway will provide a more consistent service behavior across different access modalities and lower the operational threshold and effort involved in migrating subscribers from ATM to IP DSLAMs, in order to benefit from superior bandwidth and innovative service options. A common BNG approach creates easy up-sell opportunities to existing consumers with the least amount of administrative overhead. Such IP service edge consolidation can be obtained in various manners with dual- or single-edge implementation models (see Figure 11). Converging on a single IP edge yields the largest consolidation benefits and would result in a single touch point with the network for all subscriber services. To implement the singleedge BNG strategy, there is a choice between a distributed or centralized deployment model: The distributed BNG model offers good scalability and moves the subscriber management point closer to end users, which is beneficial for peer-to-peer traffic management and allows for caching and insertion of popular content that is closer to end users than what a centralized BNG model allows. The centralized BNG model places higher scaling requirements on the BNG itself but may be advantageous in less densely populated areas or for a dual-edge strategy (e.g., the HSI/VoIP edge could potentially be more centralized than a video or multiservice BNG).
Figure 11. Service edge consolidation

AA/DPI HSI edge Ethernet aggregation AN Video edge

VoIP edge

Today
Dual edge

HSI edge Ethernet aggregation AN Video edge Usually deployed in more distributed way Single edge Ethernet aggregation Converged and integrated BNG AN

When consolidating multiple service edges in the BNG, any existing Layer 2/ Usually deployed in more distributed way Goal Layer 3 overlay service models with separate Layer 2 and Layer 3 edges can either remain as they are, or can be consolidated further by having a converged BNG with integrated Layer 2 aggregation. Whether this is feasible and desirable will largely depend on the capabilities of the BNG platform of choice and the preferences of the operational support organization.

10

Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

The Alcatel-Lucent 7750 Service Router is a TR-101 standard-compliant BNG that can operate as an integrated Layer 2/Layer 3 edge or as a Layer 3 edge in combination with the Alcatel-Lucent 7450 Ethernet Service Switch as the L2 edge. Besides offering full compliance with TR-101 architecture requirements, deploying the Alcatel-Lucent 7750 SR as a BNG offers a number of additional benefits: Fully backwards compatible support for TR-059 BRAS functions based on PPP and L2TP as Layer 2 Aggregation Concentrator, Layer 2 Tunnel Switch (L2TS) and/or Layer 2 Network Server (L2NS) IPv6 and dual-stack subscriber management with Large Scale Network Address Translation Full suite of network and service management support products such as the 5580 Home Network Manager, 5620 Service Aware Manager and 5750 Subscriber Services Controller An experienced professional services organization to assist in the IP network transformation. Expanding choice with managed online services for residential consumers and content partners by leveraging Application Assurance technology to enable a premium Quality of Experience for Internet video, audio, voice, gaming and other value-added content Offer secure remote VPN access over the Internet by means of the IPSec Integrated Service Adapter (Besides being attractive for business users, this is also applicable to scenarios such as mobile aggregation over virtual leased lines) Complementary offering of Layer 2 and Layer 3 VLL and VPN services for business consumers to maximize economies of scale of the broadband access and aggregation network For the interested reader, there is a separate application note (need title of document) available that describes the deployment capabilities of the Alcatel-Lucent 7750 SR as multiservice Broadband Network Gateway. In addition the Isocore Internetwork Lab recently conducted an independent validation of the entire BNG feature set of the 7750 SR. Alcatel-Lucent Residential Service Delivery Solution Verification is available on request.

6. Alcatel-Lucent data integration and migration services


Aside from the underlying network platform changes, service providers have overriding concerns of an operational nature. First of all, there is a learning curve in mastering new technologies and platforms. Then there is the operational effort of turning up these new platforms and subsequently migrating over the subscribers and services. Meanwhile business must go on as usual, 24/7. Many service providers have adopted a lean operational model that is sufficient to maintain dayto-day operations, but potentially challenged when having to absorb the transient peak workload incurred by transformation. These are cases where Alcatel-Lucent Services can lead the integration and migration project, thus providing an effective solution to manage the effort and risk involved with realizing an integrated, end-to-end solution. Alcatel-Lucent provides these services for its own platforms and for those platforms that are integrated in the equipment of many other vendors. 6.1 Multivendor Integration Multivendor network integration encompasses design, integration, interoperability testing, solution validation, and migration of IP/MPLS deployments, for telecommunication operators. The integration service philosophy is based on the operational reality that service providers operate platforms from multiple vendors. These platforms must interwork with the Alcatel-Lucent solution before and after migration (Error! Reference source not found.).

Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

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Figure 12. Alcatel-Lucent multivendor network integration

Personalized IPTV

IP Communications Broadband Internet services

Optical Transport Mobile

Centralized policy management

IP/MPLS Backbone Enterprise Access Aggregation IP Service Edge Optical core

Copper, fiber Multivendor integration areas Residential

Network and service management

The multivendor integration services include Alcatel-Lucents industry-proven services framework, planning and delivery tools, and access to our global centers of excellence. These assets have maximized telecommunications operators capital investments in over 70 major IP/MPLS transformation projects including many that utilize Alcatel-Lucent 7705 SARs and 7750 SRs. Results reaped by our customer partners are deployment cost reductions of up to 60% and, in some cases, reduced project completion times by several years.
Figure 13. Performance benchmarks
Transformation Multivendor data network migration services Capability preparation Data and telecom specic transformation methodologies Typical delivery costs Migration operation centers IP transformation centers Major IP/MPLS and VoIP/IMS migrations Risk Industry performance Multiple years Minimal 100% 0 0 Minimal All internal/wholly responsible With Alcatel-Lucent involvement < 1 year Over 70 IP transformations Reduced by ~60% 2 4 Over 100 countries Shared with Alcatel-Lucent

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Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

6.2 Multivendor data network migration Successful data network migration is essential to many projects in order to meet their primary business objectives. Achieving success requires careful planning and a detailed understanding of both the legacy solution and the target solution. Figure 13 highlights the importance of migration planning and the creation of teams, processes, and tools to effectively facilitate mass scale changes. In most network transformation projects, there will usually be an objective to retire the legacy solution as soon as possible, once the new solution is in place. While the two solutions are operating in parallel, the operator has the increased burden both financially and technically of having to support both platforms. Retirement of the legacy platforms can only occur when all of the customers and services have been migrated to the new solution. The objective of the Data Network Migration Services program is to deliver a complete end-to-end migration solution to ensure success (see Error! Reference source not found.). Migration experts work with service provider staff to develop the necessary support tools and procedures to migrate the customers and/or services (including all features) from one technology platform to another. All aspects of the migration process is controlled by the dedicated Migration Project Management function, which is responsible for specific management and reposting aspects related to migration planning, preparation and execution.
Figure 14. Alcatel-Lucent Data network migration Services

Strategic approach for migrations

Intelligent capability design


FR ATM DSL PL Other IP MPLS GMPLS Ethernet

Fast and reliable executions

Specialized labs MOC GNEICs

100s of IP engineers ALU SRCs

Experience with over 500 NEs Upfront migration planning saved mid-sized European SP 25 million OPEX in 5 years 4 Set up and manage a Migration Operations 24x7 Coordination with NOC Get started in months rather than years Major data and voice migrations in 100+ countries and 70+ IP transformations

Migration Operation Centre (MOC)


Reduces migration schedule and execution resources requirements by 50%

The Alcatel-Lucent migration methodology and processes, proven in data and voice migration engagements in over 100 countries, ensures a structured approach to the design and delivery of the migration program. Alcatel-Lucent is also capable of providing a complete execution and supervision service through its Migration Operations Center a focused team and facility that manages migrations 24/7. The center is able to handle migrations in any locale during any maintenance window, and work with legacy ATM, FR, DSL ,and other technologies and the latest IP/MPLS equipment from Alcatel-Lucent and other vendors. The center has been able to reduce migration schedules by 50%, and its operational knowledge base is the broadest in the industry because of its global focus on multivendor data network migration. With this centralized team of resources, it also ensures the solution is implemented in the same manner in all migrations throughout the service provider network.

Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

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7. Conclusion
The Alcatel-Lucent 7705 SAR and 7750 SR provide a unique and powerful combination to help you transform your legacy infrastructure and effectively take on business opportunities and delivery requirements pertaining to multimedia content, applications and Web 2.0 subscriber traffic. AlcatelLucent possesses an unmatched experience in IP network transformation, with deployments in over 60 carrier deployments worldwide. Our market-leading technology and expertise is at your service and on display in one of our IP transformation centers near you.

8. References and sources


Applying the Alcatel-Lucent 7750 Service Router for Multiservice Broadband Network Gateway. Application note High Leverage Residential Service Delivery IP transformation for profitable growth. Strategic white paper Isocore Technical Report. Alcatel-Lucent Residential Service Delivery Solution verification Alcatel-Lucent 7750 Service Router. Datasheet

9. Glossary of terms
BNG BSAN BRAS Capex DHCP ESS HSI IPTV MPLS NPV Opex QoS RADIUS RG SAR SR VLAN VLL VPLS VoIP broadband network gateway broadband service access node broadband remote access server captital expenditures dynamic host configuration protocol Ethernet service switch high-speed Internet Internet protocol television Multiprotocol Label Switch Net Present Value Operational Expenditures quality of service remote authentication dial-in user service residential gateway service aggregation router service router Virtual local area network Virtual leased Line Service Virtual Private LAN Services voice over IP

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Legacy ATM Migration to IP/Ethernet | Application Note

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