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REDUCTION GEAR BOX 1. General A.

The reduction gearbox (RGB) is a module which gives a suitable reduction of the power turbine speed to drive the propeller and accessories shafts. Two identical systems, (one for each engine) are installed. A description of the LH system is given. The RGB includes a spur-type geartrain in four cast housings. The propeller is installed on a shaft at the front of the RGB. Accessories are installed on pads on the housings of the RGB. The RGB has two stages of reduction gears and accessory drive gears. The power turbine drives the input gearshaft which causes the rotation, after speed reductions, of the propeller shaft, alternator drive, overspeed governor and hydraulic pump. The system is fully automatic as soon as the engine turns.

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Component Information (Refer to Fig. 72-11-00-990-010-A00) (Refer to Fig. 72-11-00-990-020-A00)

A.

Reduction Gearbox 1. The RGB is made up of a reduction geartrain in two stages in a module including four housings. 2. The RGB is attached to the front flange of the turbomachinery module in Zone 410. 3. The RGB has two stages of reduction gears, accessory-drive and idler gears. The four castings are the front housing, the rear housing, the input drive housing and the accessory drive cover. a. The first stage of the reduction geartrain has a helical input gearshaft and two first-stage helical gears. The helical input gear has 23 teeth and the first stage gears 108 teeth each. b. The second stage has two spur gears with 38 teeth and one 135 tooth gear. The two 38-tooth spur gears are on the first-stage helical gearshaft. The 135 tooth-gear is on the propeller shaft. c. The accessory-drive and idler spur gears in the accessory drive cover are, from left to right : The alternator drive gearshaft with 34 teeth The idler drive gearshaft with 3 sets of teeth The hydraulic-pump drive gearshaft with 59 teeth The overspeed-governor drive gearshaft with 30 teeth. The idler-drive gearshaft has a 32-tooth driven end is a mesh with the large second-stage spur gear. A driving 49-tooth set is a mesh with the 59-tooth set of the hydraulic pump gearshaft. A driving 57-tooth is a mesh with the 34 tooth set of the alternator drive gearshaft. The 30tooth set of the overspeed governor is a direct mesh with the large second-stage spur-gear. d. The front housing has mounting pads for the electric feathering pump and the propeller brake with a drive seal. Rivets hold the data plate, of the RGB module, to the front housing. This housing holds the following items : The propeller shaft seal and seal runner The front roller bearing and ball bearing for the propeller shaft

The front roller bearing for the two spur gears of the second stage.

Drains are installed at the propeller shaft flange and at the two layshaft covers. e. The rear housing has three pads for the front mounting of the engine. One is on the top center, the other two are on each side at the approximate center. The housing has also two torque mounts at the eight and five o'clock positions. Other mounting pads are for the propeller control-unit on the back face, the propeller-speed (NP) sensor on the top and the oil chip-detector on the bottom. The rear housing contains : The rear roller bearings of the propeller shaft and of the two second-stage spur gears The front roller bearings for the two first-stage gears, the input gearshaft, the accessory-drive gears and the accessory idler gear. The input drive housing connects the gearbox to the turbo- machinery module. The RGB torque sensors are installed in a boss on each side of the housing. The housing holds the three rear roller bearings of the input gearshaft and two first-stage helical gears. The accessory drive cover is on the top of the back face of the rear housing. The overspeed governor is on the right side and the hydraulic pump is in the center of the cover. The integrated drive generator (IDG) is on the left side. The accessory drive cover holds : The rear roller bearing of the three accessory-drive gears The drive seal at IDG The drive seal at hydraulic pump The rear roller bearing of the accessory idler gear.

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B. COMPONENT

Component Location Index QTY ACCESS ZONE REFERENCE

'* See 31-11-06 and WM Equipment List' -DRIVE SEAL AT HYDRAULIC PUMP LH -DRIVE SEAL AT HYDRAULIC PUMP RH -DRIVE SEAL AT IDG LH -DRIVE SEAL AT IDG RH -DRIVE SEAL AT PROPELLER BRAKE LH -DRIVE SEAL AT PROPELLER BRAKE RH -PROPELLER SHAFT SEAL LH -PROPELLER SHAFT SEAL RH 3. Operation and Control A. First-Stage Operation 1. When the engine turns, the power turbine drives the helical input gearshaft clockwise through coupling shafts. The input gearshaft 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 415AL 425AL 413AL 423AL 413AL,414AR 423AL,424AR 410 420 415 425 413 423 413,414 423,424 72-11-04 72-11-04 72-11-03 72-11-03 72-11-05 72-11-05 72-11-02 72-11-02

engages with the double-helical gear of the first stage. The gear teeth are cut in opposite angles to stop axial movement. The first stage gears turn conterclockwise with a reduction ratio of 4, 7 to 1. B. Second-Stage Operation 1. The two gears of the second stage drive the 135-tooth gear clockwise and therefore the propeller shaft. This gives a reduction ratio of 3, 6 to 1. The 135-tooth gear drives the idler-drive gearshaft and the overspeed-governor gearshaft counterclockwise. The idler-drive gearshaft drives the IDG and hydraulic pump gearshafts clockwise. A chamber in the gearbox rear housing is supplied with engine oil. This auxiliary tank is always full of oil, even when the engine is not running. Oil from this tank lubricates the reduction and accessory gears and bearings. The overspeed governor and the propeller control unit use this oil to operate the pitch change mechanism of the propeller.

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COMPRESSOR 1. General A. The compressor section has two centrifugal impellers. Co-axial shafts connect the impellers to the turbines. Each impeller is installed in two bearings. Low-pressure Centrifugal Impeller (LP impeller) 1. The LP impeller is to the rear of the rear air-inlet case and the low-pressure diffuser case. 2. The No. 2 (roller) bearing and the No. 4 (ball) bearing hold the LP impeller. The LP impeller has 16 full vanes and 16 splitter (partial) vanes. The low-pressure turbine shaft connects the LP impeller to the low-pressure turbine. High-pressure Centrifuged Impeller (HP impeller) 1. The HP impeller is in the rear of the intercompressor case and the front of the gas generator case. 2. The No. 4 (ball) bearing and the No. 5 (roller) bearing hold the HP impeller. The HP impeller has 18 full vanes and 18 splitter vanes. The high-pressure turbine shaft connects the HP impeller to the high-pressure turbine. Twenty-one lowpressure diffuser exit-ducts connect the intercompressor case to the low-pressure diffuser case. Twenty-one high-pressure diffuser exit-ducts connect the gas generator to the combustion chamber.

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Operation and Control A. The LP impeller compresses the air which goes into the engine through the front and rear air-inlet cases. The LP impeller has a compression ratio of 4,4 to 1. The compressed air then goes through the low-pressure diffuser exit-ducts to the HP impeller. The HP impeller compresses the air again, at a ratio of 3 to 1. The air then goes through the high- pressure diffuser exit-ducts to the combustion chamber. The total compression ratio of the compressor section is 14 to 10. The compressed air is mixed with fuel and burned in the combustion chamber(Refer to 7240-00, Pageblock 001). The burning gases turn the high-pressure turbine and low-pressure turbine(Refer to 72-50-00, Pageblock 001). The high-pressure turbine drives the HP impeller, and the low-pressure turbine drives the LP impeller. The LP impeller turns counterclockwise, and the HP impeller turns clockwise.

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TURBINE

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General A. The turbine section is behind the combustion chamber(Refer to 72-40-00, Pageblock 001). The turbine section is made up of turbine, vanes, stators and casings for : The high-pressure turbine The low-pressure turbine The power turbine. The High-pressure (HP) Turbine 1. The HP turbine is a single-stage turbine. It is connected to the HP impeller by the high-pressure turbine shaft. The HP turbine is behind the high-pressure turbine vane assembly (which is connected to the combustion chamber). The No. 5 (roller) bearing holds the HP turbine. 2. The HP turbine has 38 turbine blades. The high-pressure turbine vane assembly has 27 stator vanes. The turbine blades and stator vanes are kept cool by air that goes through internal passages. The HP turbine also has a cover on the front and rear. These covers send air across the front and rear face to keep the HP turbine cool. Fir-tree roots hold the HP turbine blades in the turbine disk. The Low-pressure (LP) Turbine 1. The LP turbine is a single-stage turbine. It is connected to the LP impeller by the low-pressure turbine shaft. The LP turbine is behind the low-presure turbine stator assembly. The No. 6 (roller) bearing holds the LP turbine. 2. The LP turbine has 53 turbine blades. The low-pressure turbine stator assembly has 24 stator vanes. The stator vanes are kept cool by air that goes through internal passages. The LP turbine also has a cover on the front and rear. These covers send air across the front and rear face to keep the LP turbine cool. Fir-tree roots hold the LP turbine blades in the turbine disk. The Power Turbine 1. The power turbine is a two-stage turbine. The power-turbine shaft connects it to the helical input-driveshaft of the reduction gearbox. The first stage of the power turbine is behind the first- stage power-turbine stator assembly. The second stage of the power turbine is behind the second-stage power-turbine stator assembly. The No. 7 (roller) bearing holds the power turbine. 2. The first stage of the power turbine has 66 blades. The second stage of the power turbine has 71 Blades. The first-stage power-turbine stator assembly has 60 stator vanes. The second-stage power turbine stator assembly has 54 stator vanes. A cover is on the front face of the first-stage and rear face of the secondstage power turbines. These covers send air across the power-turbine disks to keep the power turbine cool. 3. Fir-tree roots hold the power-turbine blades in the turbine-disks. The Vanes and Stators 1. The high-pressure turbine stator assembly is installed in the gas generator case. Bolts go through the high-pressure turbine stator assembly into the combustion chamber. A sealing ring around the outside of the high-pressure turbine stator stops air leakage into the gas generator case. Nozzles and labyrinth seals control the flow of air to keep the low-pressure turbine area cool. 2. The low-pressure turbine stator assembly is installed in the turbine-support case assembly and the low-pressure turbine housing assembly. Two sealing rings around the outside of the low-pressure turbine stator assembly stop air leakage into the turbine-support case assembly. Labyrinth seals control the flow of air to keep the high-pressure turbine area cool. 3. The first-stage power-turbine stator assembly is installed behind the turbineinterstage case assembly. Bolts go through the first- stage power-turbine stator assembly into the low-pressure turbine housing assembly. A sealing ring stops air leakage into the turbine exhaust-duct assembly. Labyrinth seals control the flow of air to keep the power-turbine area cool. 4. The turbine-support case assembly holds the LP turbine and the power turbine. The T6 thermocouples go through the turbine-support case assembly into the gas path. Three transfer tubes go through the turbine support case : The No. 6 and 7 bearing-vent transfer tube (at 2 o'clock location)

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The No. 6 and 7 bearing oil-scavenge transfer tube (at the 6 o'clock location) The No. 6 and 7 bearing oil-pressure transfer tube (at the 10 o'clock location). The No. 5 bearing vent pipe goes through the turbine-support case assembly into thre turbine exhaust-duct assembly.

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Operation and Control A. The expanding gases from the combustion chamber go into the HP turbine through the high-pressure turbine-vane assembly. The high-pressure turbine-vane assembly changes the speed and pressure of the gas flow. This gets the most efficient gas flow for the HP turbine. The flow of gas turns the HP turbine, to drive the HP impeller. The gas flows through the low-pressure turbine-vane assembly to the LP turbine. The lowpressure turbine-vane assembly changes the speed and pressure of the gas flow. It also makes the gas flow from the HP turbine straight. The flow of gas turns the LP turbine, to drive the LP impeller. The gas flows through : The first-stage power-turbine stator assembly The first-stage power-turbine The second-stage power-turbine stator assembly The second-stage power turbine The turbine exhaust-duct assembly. The first and second-stage power-turbine stator assemblies change the speed and pressure of the gas flow. They also make the gas flow straight, to get the most efficient gas flow for the power turbines. The flow of gas turns the power turbines to drive the propeller through the reduction gearbox. The turbine exhaust-duct assembly makes the gas flow straight as it goes out of the engine. The turbine exhaust-duct assembly makes the gas flow smooth and constant. This decreases exhaust noise and makes sure that the gas flow through the engine does not choke up. Some air from the impellers is used to keep the turbines, vane assemblies and stator assemblies cool. This air goes through holes, nozzles and controlled leaks across labyrinth seals to get to the turbine area. When the air has made the turbine area cool, it flows out of the engine through the exhaust gas path.

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