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SUSTAINABLE FISHING: local & stable

Group 39 BIOL 1103 MWF 1:25 30 November 2011

Stability in Sustainability.
Not all sheries are created equal. In order for sheries to be considered sustainable, they must meet, or exceed, several standards set by the Marine Stewardship Council. There are three principles that a shery must score at least an 80/100. The principles include sustainability of exploited stock, maintenance of ecosystem, and effective management system. When a shery scores above a 90 in certain areas, those areas are said to be sustainability strengths. Fisheries that score between 60-80 in certain areas must make a commitment to improve performance in order to continue to be considered a sustainable operation.

Sustainability Standards
State of the sh stock Impact on marine environment Fishery management systems Sustainability of exploited stock Maintenance of ecosystem Effective management system Effectiveness of harvest strategies Effect of shing on ecosystem

GROUP 39: Kira, Liliana, Nick, Clarissa, Sam, Mounir!

BIOL1103

SUSTAINABLE FISHING: local & stable

The graph shows the yield of sh per unit of shing power obtained each year since 1880 in the waters surrounding the United Kingdom. The closed circles indicate the productivity of trawler vessels while the open circles indicate the same for bottom-gear vessels. Their close correlation reinforces the conclusion that overshing is depleting sh populations, rather than any confounding factors resulting from differing capture methods. These results may be surprising to some, as great developments have been made in shing technologies that would theoretically increase the yield of sh. However, this study indicates that just the opposite is true. The advances in technology have enabled drastic overshing of bottom dwelling species like halibut, turbot, haddock and plaice. The trend shown by these data clearly demonstrates the relationship between overshing and the depletion of sh populations. Due to mismanagement by governments, consumer awareness to

this issue is essential to reversing these trends. Consumers should be aware of the source from which the sh they are consuming comes from and make a conscious effort to purchase products that are only from sustainable stocks. __________________________________ Fish & Fast Food Fish sandwiches are a popular addition to the menu at any fast food restaurant. Popular sh used in these sandwiches are pollock and hoki because they are the cheapest white sh and come from the largest sheries. Hoki is a sh that receives a poor rating from the Blue Ocean Institute and Greenpeace. One of the main problems is the method used to catch this sh. Bottom trawling can damage sea oor habitats. These sheries are so large and dominate the source of fast food sh and currently, there are no environmental standards regulating them. These sheries are, however, looking towards improving their aquaculture.

Overshing Overshing in an area without biological risk causes a huge decrease in the substantial yield of the sh in that area. Additionally, though, the biological problems are great and if an area is left with a population drop after overshing, the economy is left in even worse shape and the biological area is left depleted. With less sh available, it is more expensive to catch them. Because of overshing, the size of the population is reduced below the size which produces the maximum surplus production. This leads to the sh no longer being sustainable. Since it is easier and cheaper to sh when there are more sh in the sea, harvesting costs will be larger when overshing is a problem.

By looking at the total mortality and comparing the natural and shing deaths in a sh population, one can nd out the effects of shing on the stock. By comparing the spawning stock when shed, unshed, and when the spawning rate is at 20%. The compared age structures clearly show the declining effect that overshing has on a local shery.

GROUP 39: Kira, Liliana, Nick, Clarissa, Sam, Mounir!

BIOL1103