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SULIT 4531
4531
Physics
September
2008

## PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA-PENGETUA

SEKOLAH MENENGAH
NEGERI KEDAH DARUL AMAN

## PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2008

PHYSICS

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

4531

## SMS MUZAFFAR SYAH , MELAKA

MOZ@C
3
PHYSICS
Paper 2
SECTION A
MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

- 0.1 cm 1

- 3.0 cm 1

- 0.6 cm 1

## (c) State the instrument correctly

- Vernier callipers 1 4

## 2(a) (i) State the meaning of acceleration correctly

- Rate of change of velocity 1

## (ii) Mark the point correctly

- X at the point (5, 30) 1

1 1
(10 + 30) 2
2
40 m 1

## (c) Sketch the graph correctly

- Curve of the same shape but higher gradient 1 5

## 3(a) State the principle correctly

- Pascal’s principle 1

## (b) (i) Answer with correct unit

2.5 N cm-2 // 2.5 x 104 N m-2 1

## (ii) Compare the pressure correctly

- same pressure 1

2.5 x 5 1
12.5 N 1

## (c) State the reason correctly

- Liquid cannot be compressed easily 1 6

## SMS MUZAFFAR SYAH , MELAKA

MOZ@C
4
MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

## 4(a) Name the principle correctly

- Thermionic emission 1

## (b) (i) Describe the motion correctly

- Uniform acceleration 1

## (ii) Describe the motion correctly

- Uniform velocity 1

## (c) (i) State the correct answer

- Alternating current 1

## (ii) Calculate the period correctly

T = 3 x 0.02 = 0.06 s 1
State the frequency and unit correctly
1 1
f= = = 16.7 Hz 1
T 0.06

## (iii) Sketch the waveform correctly

- Sinusoidal with one complete cycle 1 7

## 5(a) (i) Name the force correctly

- Gravitational force / Gravity / Weight 1

- Free fall 1

## (b) (i) Compare the force on the coconuts correctly

- In Diagram 5.1, the force is higher/greater // vice 1
versa

## (ii) Compare the change in momentum correctly

- The change in momentum is the same for both 1
diagrams.

## (iii) Compare the time of impact between the coconuts

and their landing ground correctly
- In Diagram 5.1, the time of impact is shorter // vice 1
versa

## (c) Relate the force and the time of impact correctly

- The shorter the time of impact, the greater the force 1

## (d) Name the force correctly

Impulsive force 1

## (e) State the field event correctly

- High jump / Long jump / Triple jump 1 8

## SMS MUZAFFAR SYAH , MELAKA

MOZ@C
5
MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
6(a) (i) State the happening of the wave correctly
Wave diffracts / spreads to a bigger area 1
(ii) State the change to the amplitude of the wave and
the reason correctly
-Amplitude of the waves decrease 1
-Energy decreases 1
(iii) State the phenomenon correctly
Diffraction 1
(iv) State the change to the speed of the wave correctly
Unchanged / same 1

## (b) (i) State the correct situation at P

Vibrates/Oscillates 1
(ii) State the correct situation at Q
Stationary 1

reflection 1 8

## 7(a) (i) State the meaning of heat correctly

- The energy transferred from a hot object to a cold
object // the energy transfer because of the difference
in temperature 1
(ii) Explain how the heat is removed correctly
- The temperature of the forehead is higher than the

## (b) Show the temperature change correctly

36 – 15 1
Show the correct substitution
Q = 30 × 4.3 × (36 – 15) 1
2709 J 1

## (c) Give suggestion 1 correctly

- Increase the mass of the gel 1
Give reason 1 correctly
- The heat removed increases with the mass of the gel //
the heat removed is directly proportional to the mass 1
Give suggestion 2 correctly
- Use a gel with higher specific heat capacity 1
Give reason 2 correctly
- The heat removed increases with the specific heat
capacity of the gel // the heat removed is directly
proportional to the specific heat capacity of the gel 1 10

## SMS MUZAFFAR SYAH , MELAKA

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6
MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

## 8(a) State the law correctly

- current flowing through a conductor is directly
proportional to the potential difference across its ends
(provided that its temperature and the other physical
conditions remain constant) 1

## (b) (i) State that the Ohm’s law is not obeyed

- Ohm’s law is not obeyed 1

## (ii) State the reason correctly

- The resistance of the conductor is extremely high 1

## (iii) Show the method to obtained the current

- From the graph, when V = 2.0 V, I = 4.6 x10-3 A 1
V
R=
I
2.0
=
4.6 x 10-3
= 434.8 Ω 1

- X with K 1
- Y with M 1
- Z with L 1

## (ii) Give the reasons correctly

- Gradient of the graph represents the effective
resistance of the circuit 1
- Series circuit has higher resistance // Parallel circuit
has lower resistance 1

## (iii) Show the method correctly

12
R = Gradient of graph P = 1
4
= 3Ω 1 12

## SMS MUZAFFAR SYAH , MELAKA

MOZ@C
7
SECTION B

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
9(a) (i) State the light phenomenon correctly
- Total internal reflection 1 1

## (ii) State the function of objective lens correctly

- used to produce a real, inverted and magnified image // 1
intermediate image

## State the function of eyepiece correctly

- as a magnifying glass 1 2

## (iii) State two advantages of using fibre optics correctly

- can carry large amount of data/information 1
- transmit signals with very little loss 1
- can transmit large amount of signals at one time
- very much thinner and lighter 2

(b) (i) Compare the size of object and the size of image
correctly
- in diagram 9.2/9.3 the size of object is equal to the size 1
of image

## (ii) Compare the object distance and the image distance

correctly
- in diagram 9.2/9.3 the object distance is equal to the 1 2
image distance

## (c) (i) Compare the focal lengths correctly

- Focal length of lens X is shorter than the focal length 1
of Y

## (ii) Compare the thickness of lens correctly

- Lens X is thicker than lens Y 1

## (iii) Relate the focal length to the thickness correctly

- The thicker the lens, the shorter the focal length 1 3

correctly
T R Eye
Object
Fo Fe

Image2

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8

## - R as an eye piece and T as an objective lens 1

- Fe and Fo are not overlapped 1
- Light rays to form first image 1
- First image formed shown 1
- Light rays to form final image 1
- Final image formed shown 1

## State the characteristics of final image correctly

Virtual, magnified and inverted
(Any two) 2 8

## (ii) Suggestion on the modification to produce bigger

image
By using more powerful // shorter focal length lenses 1

## Suggestion on modification to produce brighter

image
By using a plane mirror near the object to reflect more 1 2
rays / a lamp near the object/ Objective lens of bigger
diameter
20

## 10(a) State the meaning correctly

- Isotopes of an element are atoms having the same
proton number but different neutron number. 1 1

## (ii) State the use correctly

- to record the radiations detected by the G-M tube 1 2

## (c) Describe the happenings correctly

- The original nucleus changes into a different nucleus 1

## Name the process correctly

- Radioactive decay (disintegration) 1 3

## (d) State the meaning for nuclear fission correctly

- The splitting of a heavy nucleus into two lighter nuclei 1

## State the meaning for nuclear fusion correctly

- The combining of two lighter nuclei to form a heavy
nucleus 1

## SMS MUZAFFAR SYAH , MELAKA

MOZ@C
9
State there is a mass defect after reaction
- The resulting nucleus (nuclei) formed has a smaller
mass than the original nucleus (nuclei) 1
State energy released due to mass defect
- The mass defect caused energy to be released (resulting
in a more stable nucleus /nuclei) 1 4

## (e) (i) State how the radioisotope is used

- The fertilizer that contains a radioisotope of one of the
elements is injected into the soil/plant 1
State a waiting time
- Wait for a few days for the fertilizer to be absorbed 1
State the use of the detectors
- Use the G-M tube and ratemeter to detect the
State how the analysis is done
- The locations of where the fertilizer has gone to are
located and analysed 1 4

## (ii) State a suitable choice of half-life

- The half-life should be a few days long 1
State a reason for the choice of half-life
- This allows time for the fertilizer to be absorbed // the
effect of the radiation to be minimised 1
State the suitable choice of radiations
- The radiation emitted should be beta // gamma
State a reason for the choice of radiations
- This enables the radiations to penetrate the plant tissue
(so that it can be detected) 1
State a suitable choice for the detector
- The detector should be able to detect beta // gamma
State a reason for the choice of detector
- This enables the radiation to be detected 1 6
20

## SMS MUZAFFAR SYAH , MELAKA

MOZ@C
10
SECTION C

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

## 11(a) (i) State the meaning correctly

- Archimedes’ principle states that the buoyant force
on an object immersed in a fluid is equal to the
weight of fluid displaced by the object. 1 1

## (ii) Explain why a balloon filled with helium gas rises up

in the air correctly
- The balloon acted by two forces: Upthrust and the
weight of the balloon 1
- The density of helium gas is less than the density of
surrounding air 1
- Upthrust equals to the weight of the air displaced by
the ballloon 1
- Upthrust is higher than the weight of the balloon 1 4

## (b) M1 States a suitable size of the balloon

- Large balloon 1

## M2 State the reason for M1 correctly

- To produce bigger buoyant / upthrust // Increase the
volume of the air displaced 1

## M3 State a suitable number of the burner

- Use 2 burners // Many burners 1

## M4 State the reason for M3 correctly

- To produce bigger flame // heat up the gas in the
balloon faster 1

## M5 State a suitable type of fabric of the balloon

- Synthetic nylon 1

## M6 State the reason for M5 correctly

- Light-weight, strong and air-proof material 1

## M7 State a suitable temperature of the air in the

balloon
- High temperature of the air in the balloon 1

## M8 State the reason for M7 correctly

- Reduce the density /weight of the air in the balloon 1

## M9 Choose the most suitable hot air balloon

Hot air balloon Q is chosen 1

## M10 State the reason correctly

Large balloon, use 2 burners / many burners, use
synthetic nylon and has high temperature of the air in
the balloon // or combination of the reasons 1 10

## SMS MUZAFFAR SYAH , MELAKA

MOZ@C
11
(c) (i) Giving a correct equation
Weight = buoyant force / weight of the water displaced 1

## Substitute the equation correctly

m x 10 = (10 x 2 x 10-6) x 1000 x 10 1

m = 0.02 kg /20 g 1

## (ii) Show a correct substitution

20 = (12 x 2) ρ 1

ρ = 0.83 g cm-3 1 5
20

## 12(a) Defines correctly

- Current that flows in one direction 1 1

## (b) State that the magnets produce a magnetic field

- The (magnadur) magnets produce a magnetic field / 1
diagram

magnetic field

diagram

## State that the two fields combine to form a resultant

catapult field
- The two magnetic fields interact/combine to form a
resultant / catapult field / diagram 1

## Diagram showing the catapult field and the force

labelled

S N

1 4
(c) M1 State a suitable density
- Low density material 1

## M2 State the reason for M1 correctly

- Coil has smaller mass / lighter 1

## SMS MUZAFFAR SYAH , MELAKA

MOZ@C
12
M3 State a suitable number of turns
- High number of turns 1

## M4 State the reason for M3 correctly

- Larger force acting on the coil / higher electromagnetic
field strength 1

## M5 State a suitable strength of magnet

- High strength magnets 1

## M6 State the reason for M5 correctly

- Larger force acting on the coil 1

## M7 State a suitable number of segments

- More segments 1

## M8 State the reason for M7 correctly

- Coil rotates smoothly 1

- Motor R 1

## M10 State the reason correctly

- Lowest density, high number of turns, high strength
magnets and commutator splits into the most number
of segments 1 10

## (d) (i) Correct expression or answer

3 x 8 // 24 (J) 1

24
(e.c.f.)
5 1

4.8 W 1

## (iii) Correct expression

4 .8 4 .8
 100 // (e.c.f.)
1
12 12