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Typography Binder Justina Roberts Fall 2011

Set 1

ASSIGNMENTS SCHEDULE & GRADES

Typography & Layout 1200

The course has 8 Sets. Each Set is at 100 Points. Mid-Term & Finals are at extra 100 Points each. The Total Points for the course: 1000
All assignments require On-Going use of computer, scanner, printer, and graphic software to include the Adobe Suite, Microsoft Word & On-Going access to the Internet Required Books: 1. Graphic Design Solutions, 4th Edition, Robin Landa. 2. Quickstart: InDesign for Mac and Windows Peachpit Press. Best to finish the Sets outside Bb, when done, re-enter Bb; Attach to the dedicated BoX & click on Submit - if you click on Save - the Instructor cannot enter your BoX.

ASSIGNMENTS 01-04 Review CourseInfo + 05SelfIntro

For lab assignments Student can use the TLC Computers as needed

REFERENCE
GD Book Intro + GD Basics

Pnts

Part I: - Review: - Start this Assignment ASAP but no later than the Term 3rd day. A. Activate Blackboardo > Course Info Tab & Review the following documents: 1. Syllabus: - Verify if all clear or in need for further info. 2. BOOKs & Supplies: - Purchase Supplies + both Books & review the chapters 3. The Project: - Designing & Creating Multi-Pg Layouts Publications. 4. Review # 05Intro & 10-12 & Verify if clear or if in need for further info. B. Type a Comment in the Users Comment Box if all clear/ or a question & Send. Part II: - SELF INTRO - Bio Personality/ Unique Style
On your computer & Disk Create Folder: 1200_YourName & Sub-Folder: 01Self_YourName

+ Typography
Quickstart: Preferences + Setting up a New Document. Tools + Text

20

On your computer & Disk Create & Save in Folder: 01Self_YourName


Bb > Attach &

1. Enter info into the attached doc + 3 Adjectives describing your Personality. 2. Save As 05SelfIntro_YourName.doc - do not use docx Print, Proof, Revise as needed & include in your 3-Ring-Organized-Binder. Attach the Word.doc - Not docx - Type a Comment & Submit - Do not click Save - Via Bb.

Send a Comment if clear

Notes: To enter the Assignments, go to Blackboard (Bb) & click on Assignments / Set & Follow the Assignments Sequentially. When finishing an Assignment click on Submit - if you click the Save button - the Instructor cannot enter your BoX. After you Submit you cannot re-enter that Assignment. Best to finish the Set outside Bb, than enter & Attach to Bb. After you have Submitted the Assignment, the Instructor will Review, Enter Comments & suitable Points on your behalf. Once done, you can read the feedback Comments from the Instructor by going to Blackboard & Activating the Check Grades Tab. On that Page Site, click on the Points that you received & you can view the feedback Comments. XtraBoX is provided in case you are encountering any Bb glitch &/or in need for re-entry of Assignments. Call the DL Office for any Blackboard technical issues or problems with attaching files. Do not email any assignment.
To Download & Saving Attachments from Blackboard: PC Users: Right Click on Attachment Mac Users: Control Click on the Attachment.

PRINCIPLES OF DESIGNING WITH TYPE DESIGNING YOUR NAME 10RsrchMono + 11SelfMono SELF-MONOGRAM DESIGN On your computer > save in Folder: 01Self_YourName Part I: - Research & Collect Monograms & Typeface Samples - 20 Points 1. Collect 20-25 Samples of existing Monograms into the attached Word.doc 2. Design the doc, resize placed images & include all sources & Links. 3. Save As10RsrchMono_YourName.doc do not use docx Part II: - Designing your Monogram 60 Points 4. Create B/W thumbnail sketches for Self Initials of your name to reflect SELF. Choose your best 3 Alternatives and bring them into an InDesign 8.5x11 file. 5. Create the 3 Monograms in 1.75X1.75 Boxes & type a page Heading to read: Self-Monogram Your Name. Under heading type the 3 Adjectives from your 05SelfIntro. Select font Style & Design to match your Personality & Concept. 6. Place the designs in 3 columns & create 3 variations under each Alternative. The page will have 3 columns & 4 Rows. At the top of the Columns are the 3 Alternatives & under each alternative there are 3 Variations for each 12 totals. 7. Under each Design type the font style, size & the Concept that you are using. 8. Save As > 11SelfMonoBW_YourName.indd - PrintProof & include in your Binder. 9. Export As - SmallestFileSize - PDF > 11SelfMonoBW_YourName.pdf Attach both the Word.doc & the PDF Not the indd; Type a Comment & Submit. Research & Collect Samples
GD BOOK Typography Quickstart: Tools + Text Text Flow & Text Wrap

80

See: Portfolios & Samples + Reference & Links

12XtraBoX Set 1 Due Date:

If locked out from any AssignBox > Use XtraBoX to enter Memo &/or Attach Assignments.

Points adjusted as per the AssignBox Set 1 Total:

As Posted on Bb Late entries are not accepted for grading. Verify Mid-Term & Finals Dates
Next: Principles of Designing with Type & Expressive Typography

100

Course Focus is on exploration of ones own Creativity, Design Solutions, own Layouts & Grid & Typography No Clip Art, nor Stock Photos or Illustrations

Collect all documents Save to Disk Organize Folders & Subfolders Backup to available Server Print & include all in an Organized Binder

Set 2 PRINCIPLES OF DESIGNING WITH TYPE Typography & Layout 1200 All assignments require On-Going use of computer, scanner, printer, and graphic software to include the Adobe Suite, Microsoft Word & On-Going access to the Internet
Course Focus is on exploration of ones own Creativity, Design Solutions, own Layouts & Grid & Typography No Clip Art, nor Stock Photos or Illustrations
Required Books: 1. Graphic Design Solutions, 4th Edition, Robin Landa. 2. Quickstart: InDesign for Mac and Windows Peachpit Press. Best to finish the Set outside Bb, when done, re-enter Bb; Attach to the dedicated BoX & click on Submit - if you click on Save - the Instructor cannot enter your BoX.

ASSIGNMENTS 20Review + 201RsrchLayouts

For lab assignments Student can use the TLC Computers as needed

REFERENCE
GD BOOK Typography +

Pnts

PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN W/ TYPE Folder on your Computer: 01Self_YourName Part I: - Review Both 1 & 2: 1. Instructors Comments & 2. Books 1. Activate Blackboard Check Grades for each prior entry from Set 1, Read Instructors Comments & verify if in need for any further information. 2. Books: Typography & Text Tool Review the components of Typography & working with the Text Tool.
Verify for any question or if all clear & you are ready to continue.

Creativity + Visualizations + Compositions


Quickstart: Doc Setup + Text Tool

30

+ Text Effects

Part II: - 201RESEARCH & COLLECT - Create a New Word.doc & collect the info.
Margins: Left & Right 1 Top & Bot: 0.5 Font: Times New Roman 11pt > Type Your Name, Date & Heading & Collect the Info w/ all Links & Sources. Focus on Type/ Text-Flow/ Layouts & Grid not on Photos or Illustrations. 1. Collect into the doc ~16- 20 Samples of Type Layouts & Grid s> Include all Links.

Create Folder: 03 Layouts_Grids Research & collect Samples


Include all Sources & all Links Note: This Research is geared to Identify Layouts, Grid Systems, and Design Trends towards developing own unique concepts & Style.

Search for Unique Layouts, Designs w/ Type & Grid System from Print & Web. 2. Highlight relevant Info, unique features, Trends & Styles. 3. Design a Cover page to Reflect the Content w/ Heading, YourName,Date eetc 4. Following the cover page, Insert Page 2 & enter your Summary Analysis & your Observation of your findings. Print Proof & Revise as needed. 5. Resize/ scale down the placed images, refine & the layout for best Presentation. 6. Save As 201RsrchLayouts_YourName.doc > IntoYourFolder: 03 Layouts Grids Attach the Word.doc do not use docx - Type a Comment & Submit.

Reminders: Print all Sets & file in your On-Going-Binder. Once done w/ assignment, enter Bb, Attach & click on Submit (not the Bb Save button). Use Check Grades to view Points & Instructors Comments. Revise your work based on Comments or send reasoning for design choices.
XtraBoX is provided in case you are encountering any Bb glitch &/or in need for re-entry of Assignments. Call the DL Office for any Blackboard technical issues or problems with attaching files. Do not email any assignment.
To Download & Saving Attachments from Blackboard: PC Users: Right Click on Attachment Mac Users: Control Click on the Attachment.

Designing w/ Type Applying the Elements & Principles of Design (E &P)


21SelfStlBk8pg SELF STYLE BOOKLET MONOGRAM &NAME - see 11SelfMono All designs should be in Black & White or Grayscale Use only Text / Fonts no colors no images. 1. Create InDesign file, 8.5x11 Facing-8Pg Booklet; Margins: 0.5 all around. Booklet 8Pg should be designed in B/W - Use only Text no colors no images. 2. Design the following Pages in a Style that Express your Personality: Pg1: Cover Title: Designing with Type YourName + Use only Text no color no images. Pg2-3: Spread for Bk opener Design own Heading & Subheading. Pg4-5: 2-pg Spread - Monogram from 11SelfMono Cut/Paste/Re-Size. Pg6-7: 2-pg Spread Design Your Name Follow same Style as Mono No Color. Select Typeface/s that express the 3 Adjectives of your personality & spirit. Design the layout, Heading/ Titles w/ same Style & Personality as Mono. Pg8: Design the Back Cover for the Booklet keeping the same style.
On the pages, under each Composition Type the Terms, the names of the E & P that you are depicting & also type the chosen Font name in your composition. Print, Proof & Refine Layouts, Font Selections, size & overall balanced Layouts.
BOOK Typography + Creativity +

70

Visualizations + Compositions
Quickstart: Doc Setup + Text Tool

See Reference & Links see 11SelfMono Your Research & Collection See: The Vocabulary Wheel shown in DesignConceptStyle_Guide.pdf

3. Save As 21SlfStlBk8pg_YourName.indd PrintProof & include in your Binder. 4. Export - Smallest File Size - PDF As 21SlfStlBk8pg_YourName.pdf Attach Only - Smallest - PDF to the Assignment Box, Type a Comment & Submit.

22XtraBoX Set 2 Due:

If locked out from any AssignBox > Use XtraBoX to enter Memo &/or Attach Assignments.

Points adjusted as per the AssignBox Set 2 Total:

As Posted on Bb Late entries are not accepted for grading. Verify Mid-Term & Finals Dates
Next: Designing with Type & Layouts

100

All assignments require On-Going use of computer, scanner, printer, and graphic software to include the Adobe Suite, Microsoft Word & On-Going access to the Internet

Collect all documents Save to Disk Organize Folders & Subfolders Backup to available Server Print & include all in an Organized Binder

Set 3 Type &Layout Typography & Layout 1200 All assignments require On-Going use of computer, scanner, printer, and graphic software to include the Adobe Suite, Microsoft Word & On-Going access to the Internet
Course Focus is on exploration of ones own Creativity, Design Solutions, own Layouts & Grid & Typography No Clip Art, nor Stock Photos or Illustrations
Required Books: 1. Graphic Design Solutions, 4th Edition, Robin Landa. 2. Quickstart: InDesign for Mac and Windows Peachpit Press. Best to finish the Set outside Bb, when done, re-enter Bb; Attach to the dedicated BoX & click on Submit - if you click on Save - the Instructor cannot enter your BoX.

ASSIGNMENTS
30ReV &

For lab assignments Student can use the TLC Computers as needed

REFERENCE
BOOK Layout + Typography +

Pnts

201RsrchLayouts

TYPE & LAYOUT FORMAT & GRID > on your computer Folder: 03 Layouts_Grids Part I: - Review Both 1. Instructors Comments & 2. Books & References 1. Activate Check Grades/ Instructors Comments & verify if all clear 2. Read Books: Typography - Layouts, Grid Systems + Fonts used in magazines & web sites. Format, Selecting Fonts & Grids & utilizing InDesign Features.
Part II: - Refer to your Research 201RsrchLayouts prior to starting the next Design.

100

Creativity + Visualizations + Compositions

QUICKSTART Document

Focus on Type/ Text-Flow/ The Copy, Layouts & Grid not on Photos or Illustrations.
32Font11Grid16pg Part III: - TYPOGRAPHY & LAYOUTS COLUMNS & GRIDS STUDY

Setup + Basic Text + Text Effects Exporting/ Creating PDF Files

This assignment is a Progressive Study & it will Continued in the next Set.

LAYOUTS & FONTS Studying Serif + Sans-Serif using 11pt Size in a 16Pg Booklet >
On Your computer & your Disk Create a Folder: 03Layouts_Grids

See Reference & Links See: 201RsrchLayouts See: Your research Findings + Loremipsum_Wikipedia.pdf Loremipsum_WikiText.doc

1. Create a new InDesign 8.5x11, Facing 16Pg. Margins: Left, Right: 0.75 / Top & Bot: 0.5 & Design a Booklet to further study Type, Fonts & Layouts. 2. Design the following Pages in a Style that Express your Personality: Page1: Cover Design w/ Grid &Title: Designing with Type & Grid YourName Pg2-3: The Spread as a Book Opener design to reflect the content of the Book. 3. From the Fonts families Select & choose 2 fonts: one Font w/ Serif & another San-Serif font, use 11 Point size for all the Pgs & for all the Booklet layouts. 4. Designing Text using 1Column on facing pages w/ Serif & Sans Serif font: From the attached Loremipsum_WikiText.doc Copy the whole Text & Paste on Pg4-5 > use 1Column on these 2Pgs, Paste the LoremipsumWikiText, Format the Text w/ your Serif font & Design the Spread. These two facing pages. Pg6-7 > use 1Column on these 2Pgs, Paste Same Text into each of the 1Column, Format the Text w/ your Sans Serif font & Design the Spread. Pg6/ Left facing Pg7/ Right. 5. Designing Text using 2Columns on facing pages w/ Serif & Sans Serif font: Pg8-9 > use 2Columns on these 2 Pgs & Paste SameTxt, into the 2Columns on both Pgs,
Format the Text w/ your Serif font & Design the Spread using the 2 Columns per page.

Pg10-11 > use 2Column on these 2 Pgs & Paste SameTxt, Format the Text w/ your Sans Serif & Design the Spread. Pg10/ Left facing Pg11/ Right. 6. Designing Text using 3Columns on facing pages w/ Serif & Sans Serif font: Pg12-13 > use 3Column: Paste SameTxt, Format w/ Serif & design the Spread. Pg14-15 > use 3Column: Paste SameTxt, Format w/ SansSerif & design Spread. 7. Page16: Back Cover Design depicting Grid Structure, Content & Info of choice. 8. Save As > 32Font11Grid16pg_YourName.indd > into your Folder: 03 Layouts_Grids Print, Proof, Revise as needed & include in your 3-Ring Binder & your Disk. 9. Export - Smallest File Size - PDF > 32Font11Grid16pg_YourName.pdf Attach only - Smallest - PDF, Type a Comment & Submit.
Reminders: Print all Sets & file in your On-Going-Binder. Once done w/ assignment, enter Bb, Attach & click on Submit (not the Bb Save button). Use Check Grades to view Points & Instructors Comments. Revise your work based on Comments or send reasoning for design choices.
XtraBoX is provided in case you are encountering any Bb glitch &/or in need for re-entry of Assignments. Call the DL Office for any Blackboard technical issues or problems with attaching files. Do not email any assignment.

33XtraBoX Set 3 Due:

If locked out from any AssignBox > Use XtraBoX to enter Memo &/or Attach Assignments.

Points adjusted as per the AssignBox Set 3 Total

As Posted on Bb

Verify Date for Mid-Term & Finals Presentation

100

Next: Further study of Typography & Layouts, Columns & Grids Verify Date for Mid-Term Course Focus is on creating own Designs, Drawings & Illustrations, use of Type/ Text, own Graphics, Layouts & Grid No Clip Art, Stock Photos or Illustrations

Collect all documents Save to Disk Organize Folders & Subfolders Backup to available Server Print & include all in an Organized Binder

Set 4

EXPLORATION OF TYPE & GRID

TYPOGRAPHY & LAYOUT

VC&D1200

Course Focus is on creating own Designs, Drawings & Illustrations, use of Type/ Text, own Graphics, Layouts & Grid No Clip Art, Stock Photos or Illustrations Print all Sets & use as Ref. Once done w/ assignment, enter Bb, Attach & click Submit (not the Bb Save button). Check Grades to view Points & Comments. Contact the DL Office for any Blackboard technical issues w/ attaching files. Do not email any assignment.

ASSIGNMENTS 40Rev + 41RsrchGrid

For lab assignments Student can use the TLC Computers as needed

REFERENCE
BOOK Intro + Basics + Layouts +

Pnts

EXPLORATION OF TYPE & GRID Beyond Column > Folder:03Layouts_Grids Further Refer to Grid Structure & Fonts used in all range of Publications & web. Additional Considerations, Selecting Fonts & Grids Exploring InDesign Features. Part I: - Review Both 1. Instructors Comments & 2. Books & References 1. Activate Check Grades/ Instructors Comments & verify if all clear. 2. Read Books: Typography - Layouts, Grid Systems + Fonts used in magazines & web sites. Format, Selecting Fonts & Grids & utilizing InDesign Features. Part II: - RESEARCH & COLLECT - Create a New Word.doc & collect the info.
Margins: Left & Right 1 Top & Bot: 0.5 Font: Times New Roman 11pt > Type Your Name, Date & Heading & Collect the Info w/ all Links & Sources.

40

Typography + Creativity + Visualizations + Compositions


QUICKSTART Document Setup +

Basic Text + Text Effects

Research & collect Samples


Include all Sources & all Links Note: This Research is geared to Further Identify unique Grid Systems, & Trends beyond 31RsrchLayouts towards developing own unique concepts & Style.

Focus on complex & unique Grid Systems Space Divisions Text Format & Flow

1. Research & Collect ~16- 20 Samples of Unique Grid s from array of Publications i.e. Newspapers, Bulletins, Brochures, Books, Calendars, Posters/ Flyers > Include all Links. 2. Highlight relevant Info, unique features, Trends & resize images for best visual. 3. Design Cover to Reflect the Content w/ Heading, YourName,Date 4. Insert Pg 2 for Summaries/ Analysis of your findings & Design the Information. 5. Save As 41RsrchGrid_YourName.doc > On your computer Folder: 03 Layouts_Grids Print, Proof, Revise as needed & include in your 3-Ring-Organized Binder. Attach the Word.doc do not use docx - Type a Comment & Submit for review.
42Font9Grid16pg

Progressive Study Based on 32Font11

LAYOUTS & FONTS Serif + Sans-Serif 9pt 16Pg Booklet > Folder: 03Layouts_Grids 1. Open 32Font11Grid16pg.indd & Change all 11 pt Fonts to 9pt on all pages. 2. Use same Serif & San-Serif, Change Font Size to 9 Point & Modify the Layouts to balance on all pages make sure to keep all text & equally flow it. Page1: Cover Design w/ Grid &Title: Designing with Type & Grid YourName
Enter Subheading: Name of Fonts Used, Size of Font & The style of the Book.

QUICKSTART Document

Setup + Basic Text + Text Effects Exporting/ Creating PDF Files


33Font11Grid16pg_Yours.indd Note: This Assignment is geared to further study the use of Fonts & its effect on Grid Systems & Layouts. Compare the 11Pt w/ the 9pt Layouts.

60

Pg2-3: Spread for Book Opener Modify design to reflect content of Book. Pg4-5/ Pg6-7 > 1Clmn Change 11pt to 9pt font & balance the Layouts on both pgs. Pg8-9/ Pg10-11 > 2Clmn repeat same w/ the 9pt & balance the layouts on both pgs. Pg12-13+ Pg14-15 > 3Clmn repeat same w/ the 9pt font & balance the Layouts. Pg16: Back Cover Design depicting Grid Structure, Content & Info of choice. 3. Save As > 42Font9Grid16pg_YourName.indd into your computer Folder & backup disk. Print, Proof, Revise as needed & include in your 3-Ring-Organized Binder. 4. Export - Smallest File Size - PDF > 42Font9Grid16pg_YourName.pdf Attach only - Smallest - PDF, Type a Comment & Submit for review.
43XtraBoX If locked out from any AssignBox > Use XtraBoX to enter Memo &/or Attach Assignments.

Points adjusted as per the AssignBox

Set 4 Due:

As posted on Blackboard

Verify Date for Mid-Term & Finals Presentation

Set 4 Total

100

Mid-Term
400Crit + 401ReportMT

CRITIQUE & PRESENTATION - Apply your own Critique on your Designs & improve as needed
Part I: Books CRITIQUE Guide Apply your Own Critique on all your Designs Review all your Design based on the Books Critique Guides, the Design Suggestions & all prior Comments & Revise as needed. Print Proof Revise & improve all for best professional presentation. Part II: MidTermReport: Based on the GD Book Complete the attached doc. Type the information into the attached exactly as it appears in the GD Book. Save As401ReportMT1200_YourName.doc Do Not use docX ATTACH the Word.doc Not docX - Type a Comment & Submit.
GD BOOK Critique Guide & all Design + Case Studies Suggestions throughout the book

100

Up-to-date reading

402XtraBoX MidTerm Due:

If locked out from any AssignBox > Use XtraBoX to enter Memo &/or Attach Assignments.

Points adjusted as per the AssignBox MidTerm Total:

As Posted on Bb

If too far behind - Verify Date to withdraw w/ W grade

100

Next: Layout Positive & Negative Space


All assignments require On-Going use of computer, scanner, printer, and graphic software to include the Adobe Suite, Microsoft Word & On-Going access to the Internet

Collect all documents Save to Disk Organize Folders & Subfolders Backup to available Server Print & include all in an Organized Binder

Set 5

LAYOUTS POSITIVE/ NEGATIVE SPACE


ASSIGNMENTS REFERENCE

1200
Pnts

All assignments require On-Going use of computer, scanner, printer, and graphic software to include the Adobe Suite, Microsoft Word & On-Going access to the Internet

Course Focus is on creating own Designs, Drawings & Illustrations, use of Type/ Text, own Graphics, Layouts & Grid No Clip Art, Stock Photos or Illustrations
For lab assignments Student can use the TLC Computers as needed

50Rev + 51PosNeg

POSITIVE & NEGATIVE SPACE - your computer Folder: 05 SpreadsPositiveNegative Focus: Layout Goals, Unity, Balance, Format & Manipulation of Graphic Space Concentrate on designing w/ Positive/ Negative Space for successful visual impact Space & Structure, Magazine Spreads InDesign Exploration of Pages & Layers. Part I: Review Both 1. Instructors Comments & 2. Books & References. Part II: Research & Collect - Create a New Word.doc & collect the info.
Word doc Margins: Left/Right 1 Top/Bot: 0.5 Font: TimesNewRoman 11

BOOK Fund of GD/ GraphicSpace + Layout / Formats / Grids

50

Positive & Negative Space QUICKSTART Pages & Books + Layers Research & collect Samples
Include all Sources & all Links Identify unique use of Posit/Negative Space & Trends beyond 31+41Rsrch towards developing own unique Style. BOOK Review PROJECT 5-1

A. Positive/Negative Visuals & Images + Include the images & all the Links 1. Collect 10-15 Samples of Positive/ Negative visuals & images. B. Positive/Negative Articles + Include all the info & all the Links 2. Collect 5-8 Articles about Positive/ Negative Design & Space. C. Summary Analysis of your observation & Designing the research layout 3. Highlight your chosen features, resize images, add & design a Cover Pg for the research reflecting Pos/Neg, Create Heading + YourName + Date + Titles. 4. Add Pg #2 after the Cover for your Summary, Analysis & your observations. Print, Proof, Revise as needed & include in your 3-Ring-Organized Binder. 5. Save As 51RsrchPosNeg_YourName.doc > your Folder 05 SpreadsPositiveNegative. Attach the Word.doc do not use docx - Type a Comment & Submit for review. 52Font9Grid16pg
Progressive Study >

Article Topic on Pos/Negative

LAYOUTS & FONTS Serif + Sans-Serif 9pt 16Pg Booklet > Folder: 03Layouts_Grids Revise your 32Font11Grid & 42Font9Grid & Balance all the Spreads throughout. 1. Open 42Font9Grid16pg.indd & Change to another Serif & Sans-Serif on all pgs. 2. Modify Covers & Pgs reflecting New Fonts/ Designing w/ Type&GridName
Re-Enter Subheading: Name of Fonts Used, Size of Font & The style of the Book.

GD BOOK COMPOSITION / GRID


QUICKSTART Document

50

Setup + Basic Text + Text Effects Exporting/ Creating PDF Files


Further study Fonts & its effect on Grid Systems & Layouts. Compare the 11Pt w/ the 9pt & w/ the New Fonts selection in this design

Use your new Serif & Sans-Serif 9 pt on all Pgs & Re-Balance all the Layouts. Print, Proof, Revise as needed & include in your 3-Ring-Organized Binder. 3. Save As > 52Font9Grid16pg_YourName.indd & Export - Smallest File Size - PDF Attach only - Smallest - PDF, Type a Comment & Submit for review. Set 5 Due: As posted on Blackboard Verify Date for Mid-Term & Finals Presentation

Set 5 Total:

100

Set 6
60Rev + 61RsrchSpreads

DESIGNING MAGAZINE SPREADS


Part I: Review 1. Instructors Comments & 2. Books & References. Further Study Grid Systems for Two-Pg-Spreads using Pos/Negative Space as main theme. Part II: Research Magazine Spreads > Word: Lft/Rt 1 Top/Bot: 0.5 Font: TimesNewRoman 11pt 1. Collect 8-12 Samples of Two-Pg-Spread from Creative Art/Design/Fashion Magazines. - i.e. HOW, Communication Arts, Print, WWD, Vogue, AD, etc. + Include all Links GD BOOK COMPOSITION / GRID Research & collect Samples Include all Sources & all Links See Posted Samples On your computer create Folder: 05 SpreadsPositiveNegative BOOK COMPOSITION / GRID +

30

2. Highlight; resize images, add Cover & Pg 2 for Summaries. Print/Proof/Revise. 3. Save As 61RsrchSpread_YourName.doc not docx into your 05 SpreadsPositiveNegative. Attach the Word.doc do not use docx - Type a Comment & Submit for review. 62SprdBrf + MgznPosNeg Magazine Spreads Design using Positive/ Negative Space for the Article & the Visuals.
Refer to your research on Spreads, Pos/Neg, the GD book & Samples posted.

70

62.A. The Design Brief for the Spreads. Emphasis on Pos/Neg Space as the topic. 1. Write the Design Brief for this Magazine Spread see GD book for DesBrief. 2. Save As 62SprdBrf_YourName.doc not docX PrintProofRevise. Attach to Bb. 62.B. Sketch 8Pgs Magazine -focus on spreads with Pos/Neg content, visuals & concept. 1. From Sketches / Mockup into InDesign Facing-8pg Mini-Magazine. Pg 1: Cover Design for the Article - Establish Emphasis, Unity & Balance throughout all. Pg 2-3: Design the opening Spread (two-facing pages) - see Samples & the GD Book.
An opening spread puts emphasis on the name of the article & main visual/s to lure the reader. Pg4-5: 2nd Spread for the Pos/Neg Article using text & visuals from your research. Pg6-7: Design the 3rd Spread continuing the article. Include the following: subheads, small visuals, a pull-quote, text type all to promote Positive / Negative design. Pg8: Closing Page for the article. Make sure to include your name & balance all the pages.

LAYOUTS + DESIGN BRIEF + PUBLICATIONS + POSITIVE/ NEGATIVE SPACE Use your research on Pos/Neg as The Topic for the Project Article
See Reference & Links for How-To write a Design Brief

See Posted Samples For your design use only B/W, No colors, no Filters or Special Effects.
Images placed from your research, as part of the story, can be kept in the original color.

2. Save As 62MgznPosNeg_YourName.indd PrintProofRevise. 3. Export - Smallest File Size - PDF > 62MgznPosNeg_YourName.pdf Attach both 62.doc not docX + 62MgznPosNegSmallest PDF, Comment & Submit. Set 6 Due: As posted on Blackboard Verify Date for Final Presentations

Set 6 Total

100

Next: Design collection Self Brochure Plan & Productions for Finals Collect all documents Save to Disk Organize Folders & Subfolders Backup to available Server Print & include all in an Organized Binder

Set 7

PRODUCTION OUTPUT PRESENTATION

1200

All assignments require On-Going use of computer, scanner, printer, and graphic software to include the Adobe Suite, Microsoft Word & On-Going access to the Internet

ASSIGNMENTS 70Rev + 71DesCollection

Apply The Books Critique Guide on all your Designs

REFERENCE
BOOK: Production + Execution

Pnts

PROJECT FINALIZATION & PRESENTATION See The Project document CRITIQUE Apply Books Critique Guides, Design Suggestions & all Comments. Part I: Review Both 1. Instructors Comments & 2. Books & References. Part II: DESIGN-COLLECTION Portfolio Bklt - Putting together your best Designs. 1. Sketch, Design & Mockup 8.5x11 InDesign 16or20Pg Self Portfolio Booklet. 2. Select your best designs, create Covers, TOC, Intro+PgOpeners+Titles + Resize images as needed & Design special packet for CD/DVD inclusion as an integral part of the Bklt. Design spreads & use type to promote self Style.
Print+Proof+Revise: Spelling, Balance, remove Hyphenations+Widows+Orphans, etc.

50

3. Select a Provider for your Output, choose Paper & NonCheapBinding & Print. ATTACH Smallest PDF > 71DesCollect_YourName.pdf, Type Comment & Submit. 72SelfBrochure SELF BROCHURE Design a folded Brochure for Self Promo 1. Sketch, Design & Mockup in InDesign 11x8.5 3 Panels folded 2-side brochure. 2. Select, Copy/ Paste best designs, use guides, panels, design covers, Self Info. Add Titles, resize images & design for best-folded brochure & the open layout. Print, Proof, Revise as needed & include in your 3-Ring-Organized Binder. Print your revised on high quality elegant paper for best Professional Presentation. ATTACH Smallest PDF > 72SelfBrochure_Name.pdf, Type Comment & Submit.
If locked out from any AssignBox > Use XtraBoX to enter Memo &/or Attach Assignments.

The Project + Paper Selection Critique Guides & Design Tips Portfolio + Self Promos Paper Tips Production + Execution + The Project QUICKSTART Print/ Booklet... Output Paper Selection Collect your Designs & Layouts
BOOK Layout + Brochure

50

Design + Self Promos Reference & Links on Brochure Printing & Paper Selection

73XtraBoX

Points adjusted as per the AssignBox

Set 7 Due:

As Posted on Bb

Late entries are not accepted passed due dates

Verify Date for Finals

Set 7 Total:

100

Set 8

FINAL PRESENTATION On-Time; proficiency; Information Design, Skills & Performance All assigned work must be neat, professionally displayed, printed &/or pdf, filed & submitted as per given deadline
Apply Books Critique Guide & Design Suggestions on all your Designs prior to Posting the Finals on Blackboard
For all Finals: When Exporting the InDesign to PDF / or Merging PDF - It is essential to use Smallest File Size PDF. Pnts

81DesCollect
Print x2 Copies & bring both to class

81. DESIGN COLLECTION Booklet w/ Disk Revise your 71DesCollectione refer to The Project doc
The printed copy of this Booklet, w/ the Disk included, is for student own use for future reference & resource.

100

Print on high quality paper w/ best elegant bind & Covers including Disk for best Professional Presentation.
For the CD/DVD Organize all your files in Folders & Subfolders w/ all the material as listed under the Binder category. The digital files should replicate the on-going Binder to include the Word.doc, the indd & pdf as required by Industry Practice. ATTACH ONE Smallest File Size PDF > 81DesCollect1200_YourName.pdf, Type a Comment & Submit.

82ePortfolioShow

82. ePortfolios PDF / SHOW Best Designs converted into horizontal Layouts For On-Line wide-screen presentation.
For screen/ monitor display of ePortfolios convert vertical layouts to horizontal presentation. See Samples A. Utilizing InDesign, Create (17X11) X4 Pages collect & place your best Designs for Screen display. B. Select your best Designs &/or Spreads from Booklets & Design a Digital Portfolio Show 4Slides. C. Add Headings, Titles, Name & any needed info for best on-line/ monitor display & presentations. D. Export - Smallest File Size - 82ePortfolio1200_YourName.pdf ATTACH - Smallest File Size - PDF, Type a Comment & Submit.

50

83Binder
Digital version for grade Printed version for student use

83. THE BINDER INFORMATION DESIGN Comprehensive Digital version of all work See The Project doc
A. Merge & Batch all your files in sequential order into one PDF file (Binder) for online PDF Presentation. See Ref& Links &/or Acrobat Help for Creating PDF from multiple Files. B. Design & Add Cover Pg, Section Openers w/ Headings & Titles for best Binder Design Presentation. C. Utilize Acrobat feature for Merging & Creating PDF from Multiple Files w/ Sequential Bookmarks inclusions.
Essential Note for BOOKMARKS inclusions in the Digital Binder file: The final merged PDF should include all Bookmarks in sequential order for all the Assignments. D. Merge - Smallest File Size - & Save As 83Binder1200_YourName.pdf

50

Attach only the


84XtraBoX

- Smallest File Size PDF,

Type a Comment & Submit.


-

If locked out from any AssignBox > Use XtraBoX to enter Memo &/or Attach Assignments.

Finals

Due as per Schedule


900 -1000 pt 800 - 899 pt 700 - 799 pt 600 - 699 pt

No Late entries accepted for Final grades

Set 8 Final Total:


Course Total Points:

200
1000

A = 90 -100% B = 80 - 89% C = 70 - 79% D = 60 - 69%

Backup all your files & Presentations to a Server/ Drive & Organize Folders w/ all Course docs, files & designs. Collect all documents Save to Disk Organize Folders & Subfolders Backup to available Server Print & include all in an Organized Binder

05

SelfIntro

1200

Type your Name here: Justina Roberts

Date Created: 10/27/2011 Revision:

1. Type your name & Date into this Word document 2. Enter the information directly into this word document. 3. Save As 05SelfIntro_name.doc 4. Attach the File to this Bb Assignment 5. Enter a note in the Users Comment Box & submit Save on Server, Print, proof Revise as needed & include in your 3Ring Binder
List the Courses you are currently taking: Course: Course: Commercial Studio I Course: Vector Graphics Course: Film Appreciation Course: Intro to Type Campus: W W W W In-Class: Yes Hybrid: Yes Yes DL/Web:

Self-Goals
What Degree/ Certificate are you currently perusing? Visual Communication and Design - Photography Projected Graduation date: Not sure yet. Describe your primary Professional Goals: I want to earn my associates degree and move on to a 4 year college. Describe your Main area/ s of interest in the fields of VC&D: Photography.

Self-Personality & Style


Describe your Design Philosophy & Design Style: List Three Adjectives that bets describe your Personality or Spirit: 1. Type here: Hard-working 2. Type here: energetic 3. Type here: proud Describe your most Unique, Distinguish Professional Characteristics: I am a hardworking student, who also works two jobs. My job in my chosen field is a school portrait photographer. I started as an assistant and under a year I was promoted to photographer. Finish the sentence: - list only ONE. No commas in the sentence nor use of the word and. The Most Unique Feature about me is that I am a first generation high school graduate.

Set 1: Review + A. Self-Intro. & B. Self-Monogram

Part I: - 10RsrchMonograms Part II: - 11SelfMonoBW

& SAMPLE COLLECTION

VC&D1200Typography&Layout

Designing your Monogram


Date Created: 10/27/2011 Revision:

Type your Name here: Justina Roberts

PART I: SAMPLE COLLECTION > Into this Word Document 1. Type your name & Date into this Word document 2. Read & Review the Reference Documents 3. Research the Topics & Enter the information into this word document. 4. Collect 20-25 samples of existing monograms, resize & design the layout. 5. Save As 10RsrchMono_YourName.doc do not use docx PART II: DESIGN YOUR MONOGRAM > Utilizing InDesign 1. Refer to your Sample Collection of Step One. 2. Create B/W thumbnail sketches for Self Initials of your name reflecting SELF. 3. Choose your best 3 Alternatives and bring them to InDesign 8.5x11 file. 4. In InDesign create the 3 Monograms into a 1.75X1.75 Boxes and type a page Heading to read: Self-Monogram Design Your Name 5. Place the designs in a three columns & create 3 variations underneath each. 6. The page will now have 3 columns and 4 Rows. At the top of the Columns are the 3 Alternatives & under each alternative there are 3 Variations for each. See Portfolios & Samples for reference guide. 7. Save As > 11SelfMonoBW_YourName.indd 8. Export & Save As - SmallestFileSize - PDF > 11SelfMonoBW_YourName.pdf 9. Attach to the Assignment Box, Add a Users Comment & Submit. FINAL STEP: Attach & Submit 1. Attach the Word.doc & the PDF to this Bb Assignment. Do not send the InDesign file. 2. Enter a descriptive note in the Users Comment Box & submit Save on your Disk, Backup/ Server, Print & include in your 3Ring On-Going Binder.

STEP ONE: Collect Samples of existing Monograms. Part I: - MONOGRAMS

SAMPLE COLLECTION
Enter the information into this document Add pages as needed

Note: Research reliable resources Cut/ Paste from sources as long as you include the sources & all the links. You can Drag & Drop Images directly into the document. Resize the images & make your entries in this document visually pleasing.

Monograms are utilized for wedding decorations, invitations, and signs all the time. Its the first thing that comes to mind when I think of monograms, other than fancy bathrobes!
http://www.customweddingdetails.com/site/index.php/monograms/pre-designed-monograms

These are very simple monograms. They are clear to read and extremely effective. http://www.periwinkleonline.com/shop/monogram.cfm

This is an example of an old monogram from a book. Old fashioned type is very desirable in some situations.
http://www.fromoldbooks.org/DelamotteOrnamentalAlphabets/pages/53-Monograms-Crosses-etc.img29-IHSmonogram/

Self-Monogram * Justina Roberts Hardworking Energetic Proud

JR
Bernard 60pt

Chalkduster 60pt

JR
J

JR
Impact 60pt

R
R

Bernard 60pt, first superscript

Chalkduster 60pt, first superscript

R
R

JR
Impact 60pt, First Bold

Bernard 60pt, last superscript

Chalkduster 60pt, last superscript

JR
Impact 60pt, Last Bold

Jr
Bernard 60pt, Second Small

Chalkduster 60pt, Second Small

Jr

Jr
Impact 60pt, Second Small

Set 2: Review + A. Self Style & B. Expressive Type

Identify Layouts, Grid Systems & Design Trends


Justina Roberts October 31, 2011 Research and Collect Assignment

Summary Analysis & Observation Type is a bigger deal than I had originally imagined. Looking at advertisements, websites, and even things that are not usually made up of type has given me the skill to identify it now. Interesting layouts on websites usually are composed of grids and good looking text chunks. Theres nothing interesting about line after line information, its good to break up information so the viewer really gets the most out of it.

16- 20 Samples of Type Layouts & Grids:

http://www.sitepoint.com/principles-beautiful-web-design/

http://leevidalsummerbrief.blogspot.com/2011_08_14_archive. html

http://www.artofthisguy.com/layouts.php

http://www.monster-munch.com/category/typography/

http://jeffreyhill.typepad.com/english/2009/10/cnncom-site-relaunch.html

http://www.imgspark.com/image/view/type/1643092/

Dees ignin With Type De si D s g i g With Designing n ignniin g W ith Type gn n g W T gW ingg W ith T ype h y Wi iitth Ty pe th Ty pe Typpe Justtiin a Robert e Justina R us n Roberts a R ob erts ob s a Ro e berrtts s

Designing With Type

Designing With Type

gningiseD hpiyT tW e

gningiseD ht W epiyT

JR

JR
J

JR
J

R Jr

JR Jr JR Jr

JR

JR

anitsuJ streboR

Justina Roberts

Justina Roberts

anitsuJ streboR

Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed.

Set 3: Creative Type, Layout & Grid Systems

In this document the Margins are 0.75 for Left & Right; and 0.5 for Top & Bottom. Headings are Helvetica & Copy/ Text is Times New Roman. All Fonts Size are set at 10 Points. The Word Count according to the title bar at the bottom of Word is showing an entry of 1100 (see #at bottom) Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of "greeking". Even though using "lorem ipsum" often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. "Lorem ipsum" also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Cicero's De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: "Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it"). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word 'consectetur' in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Cicero's original text: "neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur?" H. Rackham's 1914 translation: "Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure?" Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which don't follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything "hidden" in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Cicero's first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Today's popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporation's first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random "lorem text" that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apple's Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet" text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22.

Designing with Type and Grid


Justina Roberts

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

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Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal.

In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking.

Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English.

The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum

quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . .

Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-rand om lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout.

Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur.

Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at HampdenSydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut per spiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta

nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . .

Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other

Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi

consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to

the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plugin modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly

when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial

Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provi-

dent, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plugin modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the ca-

nonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit,

sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration

Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, con-

sectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo mi-

nus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril,

takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers

use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia conse-

quuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure

Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney Col-

lege in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima ve-

niam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted

older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mol-

lit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolo-

rum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren

Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves

justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts

grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat,

Designing with Type and Grid


Justina Roberts

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

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Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by

injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque

porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical va-

riety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate

velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plugin modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jum-

bled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus,

qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses

this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates

repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning.

Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime

placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semirandom lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout.

References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et do-

lorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh.

Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the

Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at HampdenSydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat.

English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including

text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who

is the publications director at HampdenSydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rack-

hams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often be-

ing) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been

as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem

vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout.

References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not

known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at HampdenSydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea

voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or noth-

justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts

ing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is

Midterm: MT Report

Mid-Term

CRITIQUE & REPORT

1200

All assignments require On-Going use of computer, scanner, printer, and graphic software to include the Adobe Suite, Microsoft Word & On-Going access to the Internet

MID-TERM 400CritiqueMT CRITIQUE & PRESENTATION Review all prior entries, all Comments, all Design Suggestions & Apply the Critique Guides for Layouts, Information Design practice & Professional Presentations. Up-to-date Report & Definitions Complete the attached, Save As > 401ReportMT_YourName.doc ATTACH the Word.doc, Type a Comment & SUBMIT for review Grade.

REFERENCE
BOOK Chapter 2: Critique Guide + the

Design Suggestions throughout the Book


BOOK Overview GD + Typography +

401ReportMT

Layout + Books Design Suggestions

Read the related Chapters & References in the BOOK Prior to starting this Assignment & enter the requested info
Type the information directly into this document exactly as it appears in the Book. 401ReportMT TYPE your Answers in this Column - Save As > 401ProcessMT_YourName.doc > ATTACH & SUBMIT
Points

Type Classification

Name the Typefaces Major Categories & also list any of the related sub categories.

10

JUSTINA ROBERTS

Definitions:
1. Typography:

Define & briefly describe the Terms shown on the left column Enter the definitions in the column bellow Typography is the technique of choosing appropriate type styles and organizing words for print, media, etc.

80

2. Typeface:

Typeface is commonly refered to as a font which are styles that words can be presented in.
3. Type Style: 4. Serifs:

Type style varies in each font, it is a way to change the way a font looks for emphasis or reference. Serifs are small details at the end of some typefaces individual letters kind of like wings or feet.

5. Baseline:

Baseline is usually straight line that type is set on, some pieces go below.
6. Descender:
7. Counter:

Descender is a letter that has a part that drops below the base line. Counter is an area that is either closed or open that is an area that could collect water if it were an object, not allow it to run through. Leading is the distance between lines, or baselines, of text. Layout is the way in which type is arranged and presented. Sometimes it can be abstract but it is mostly uniform. Grid is the way in which type is arranged in blocks on a form of media such as paper or digital presentation.
Describe your take & observation of the Books CRITIQUE Guide as it relates to your Designs:

8. Leading: 9. Layout: 10. Grid:


Books :CRITIQUE Guide:

10

MidTerm Entries

Due as per posted Schedule

Late entries result No Points 401ReportMT Total

100

Collect all documents Save to Disk Organize Folders & Subfolders Backup to available Server Print & include all in an Organized Binder

Set 4: The Grids & the Progressive Study

Justina Roberts Fall 2011 Grid Research

16-20 Samples of the Grid:

Summary Analysis: The grid is an important design tool to typography and for designs such as magazine spreads. In all of the examples above the grid is utilized and presents an organized structure for information to be shared with its audience. I hadnt realized that columns are a form of grid until I read the textbook text. Grids organize and separate visual information. I had understood the concept of flowlines before I read about them and could put a name to the concept. I find it very interesting when the eye is given things to look at in a certain order without people even having to think about it!

Designing with Type and Grid


Justina Roberts

Garamond as title font, Baskerville as serif font, Helvetica as san-serif font.


text used in body sized 9 font.

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus

to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presenta-

tion, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from ty-

pography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur?

Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem

ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit

amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus

Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of

Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente

delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plugin modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore

eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at HampdenSydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem

abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum

exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plugin modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in

culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has

any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semirandom lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Pur-

poses of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations

of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin

scholar who is the publications director at HampdenSydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more

closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known

exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it

is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semirandom lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hamp-

den-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ip-

sum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the

Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at HampdenSydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure

there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semirandom lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipi-

justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts

sci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some

Set 5: Positive/Negative Space & Progressive Study

Positive and Negative Space: Research November 21, 2011 Justina Roberts

A) Positive/Negative Visuals & Images (15-20 Sample images with links)

B) Positive/Negative Articles (5-8 Articles: info and links)

C) Summary * Analysis of observation

I feel that utilizing the relationship between positive and negative space in design, art, typography, photography, etc is extremely valuable. Using cut out style involves imagery within text (as seen in the Duck and Bull logos in the article above) its very simple, and very effective. Positive and negative space play within design gives the piece momentum or shows a relationship in a very clever way.

Designing with Type and Grid


Justina Roberts

Garamond as title font, Garamond as serif font, Tahoma as san-serif font.


text used in body sized 9 font.

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

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Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

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Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English.

The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on

the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or noth-

ing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pur-

sues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dig-

nissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself

since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free en-

cyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates.

Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example,

which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plugin modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items high-

lighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plugin modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22.

Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by

injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plugin modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorem_ipsum Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo

enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for

the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semirandom lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel

eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semirandom lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a

sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor

repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not

intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas

assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semirandom lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal.

In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus

maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semirandom lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or

visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum

fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semirandom lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Lorem ipsum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the Wikipedia template, see lorem ipsum Resource Link: http://en.wikipedia. o r g / w i k i / L o r e m _ i p s u m Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal.

In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et

justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts

voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. References ^ Description of the Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet text that appears in Word Help (HTML). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-03-22.

Set 6: Magazine Spreads Design for Pos/Neg Article

Justina Roberts 11/28/11

Composition | Spread
Two Page Spreads from Creative { Fashion | Design | Art } Magazines

8-12 Example Samples:

Following Three cited: http://bestdesignoptions.com/?p=4076

Summary words: In the Graphic Design book text it talks about arrangement which all of these two page spreads (or beginnings to articles/information) each utilize. The way type and picture content fit together is beautifully done in some of these examples. I find it interesting how type compliments art/photos. Type and grid and composition all come together to create something visually acceptable, sometimes the viewer doesnt even realize it. Audience will realize when it is bad, because they wont like the way it looks, if it looks great they will accept it and not usually give it further thought.

The Design Brief | Justina Roberts

The audience of the upcoming assignment, or Part B of this assignment, is the instructor of this class and any current or future students who see examples of other students works. This assignment is to be about the relationship between positive and negative space. The format it is to be handed in is a pdf made from an In Design file. It is supposed to be an 8 page spread consisting of a cover page, an open face spread, type from research and supporting materials. The style and layout is supposed to explain our understanding of positive and negative space while utilizing the skills we talk about in the piece itself.

Positive

Negative

Balance
th

e relationship between positive and negative space

What is positive space?

What is negative space?

When talking about positive and negative space, it is also called figure and ground. When seperating a figure from the background it gives us a sense of postive (the something or the figure.) Positives are definite shapes, while the area thats left is the negative or the ground. The ground takes up a negative space or negative shape, the whole space of a surface is occupied always. The whole space consists of the postive and negative in a composition.

Positive and negative space play within design gives the piece momentum...

Utilizing the relationship between positive and negative space in design, art, typography, photography, etc is extremely valuable. Using cut out style involves imagery within text (as seen in the Duck and Bull logos in the article above) its very simple, and very effective. Positive and negative space play within design gives the piece momentum or shows a relationship in a very clever way.

Roberts,

Justina

Set 7: The Design Collection + Self-Brochure

noitcelloC ngiseD streboR anitsuJ 1102 llaF

Design Collection Justina Roberts Fall 2011

Table of Contents
Page 1 | Cover Page 2 | Table of Contents Page 3 | Introduction Page 4 | Sample: Self Monogram Assignment Page 5 | Sample: Designing with Type Assignment Page 6 | Sample: Designing with Type Assignment Page 7 | Sample: Designing with Type Assignment Page 8 | Sample: Designing with Type Assignment Page 9 | Sample: Designing with Type Assignment Page 10 | Sample: Design Type Grid Assignment Page 11 | Sample: Design Type Grid Assignment Page 12 | Sample: Design Type Grid Assignment Page 13 | Sample: Design Type Grid Assignment Page 14 | Sample: Design Type Grid Assignment Page 15 | Sample: Design Type Grid Assignment Page 16 | Sample: Designing with Type Assignment Page 17 | CD-ROM Design

Introduction
Im a twenty one year old college student, majoring in Visual Communication and Design with a concentration in Photography. I generally feel that I am a hard-working, proud, and energetic individual. I dont feel that I am particually good at using computers, but I am learning every day. I feel that basic, clear designs are most attractive and are key to success of the study of typography. As a future-professional, my audience consists of my instructor to this course and many others and fellow students.

Self-Monogram * Justina Roberts Hardworking Energetic Proud

JR
Bernard 60pt

Chalkduster 60pt

JR
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JR
Impact 60pt

R
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Bernard 60pt, first superscript

Chalkduster 60pt, first superscript

R
R

JR
Impact 60pt, First Bold

Bernard 60pt, last superscript

Chalkduster 60pt, last superscript

JR
Impact 60pt, Last Bold

Jr
Bernard 60pt, Second Small

Chalkduster 60pt, Second Small

Jr

Jr
Impact 60pt, Second Small

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Designing With Type

Designing With Type

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gningiseD ht W epiyT

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Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi

consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to

Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves

justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts justina roberts

grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat,

Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Rich-

ard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, con-

sectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution

of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters

Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed.

CD-ROM booklet design


Design Collection Justina Roberts Fall 2011

Design Collection Justina Roberts Fall 2011

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Justtiin a Robert Justina R us n Roberts a R ob erts ob s a Ro e berrtts s


Architect of Type

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Visual Communication and Design

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www.justinaroberts.com 216.555.5555 justina@justinaroberts.com

Justina Roberts

Set 8: Collection + ePortfolio

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Design Collection Justina Roberts Fall 2011

Table of Contents
Page 1 | Cover Page 2 | Table of Contents Page 3 | Introduction Page 4 | Sample: Self Monogram Assignment Page 5 | Sample: Designing with Type Assignment Page 6 | Sample: Designing with Type Assignment Page 7 | Sample: Designing with Type Assignment Page 8 | Sample: Magazine Pos/Neg Assignment Page 9 | Sample: Magazine Pos/Neg Assignment Page 10 | Sample: Design Type Grid Assignment Page 11 | Sample: Design Type Grid Assignment Page 12 | Sample: Design Type Grid Assignment Page 13 | Sample: Design Type Grid Assignment Page 14 | Sample: Design Type Grid Assignment Page 15 | Sample: Design Type Grid Assignment Page 16 | Sample: Designing with Type Assignment Page 17 | CD-ROM Design

Introduction
Im a twenty one year old college student, majoring in Visual Communication and Design with a concentration in Photography. I generally feel that I am a hard-working, proud, and energetic individual. I dont feel that I am particually good at using computers, but I am learning every day. I feel that basic, clear designs are most attractive and are key to success of the study of typography. As a future-professional, my audience consists of my instructor to this course and many others and fellow students.

Self-Monogram * Justina Roberts Hardworking Energetic Proud

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Bernard 60pt

Chalkduster 60pt

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Impact 60pt

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Bernard 60pt, first superscript

Chalkduster 60pt, first superscript

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Impact 60pt, First Bold

Bernard 60pt, last superscript

Chalkduster 60pt, last superscript

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Impact 60pt, Last Bold

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Bernard 60pt, Second Small

Chalkduster 60pt, Second Small

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Jr
Impact 60pt, Second Small

Dees ignin With Type De si D s g i g With Designing n ignniin g W ith Type gn n g W T gW ingg W ith T ype h y Wi iitth Ty pe th Ty pe Typpe Justtiin a Robert e Justina R na Roberts o Ro be s a Ro be rts berrtts s

Designing With Type


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Designing With Type


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Positive

Negative

Roberts,

Justina

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid | Designing with type and grid |

Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi

consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to

Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves

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grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Richard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat,

Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters in English. The most common lorem ipsum text reads as follows: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. History and discovery The text is derived from Ciceros De finibus bonorum et malorum (On the Ends of Goods and Evils, or alternatively [About] The Purposes of Good and Evil ).[1] The original passage began: Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit (Translation: Neither is there anyone who loves grief itself since it is grief and thus wants to obtain it). It is not known exactly when the text acquired its current standard form; it may have been as late as the 1960s. The passage was discovered by Rich-

ard McClintock, a Latin scholar who is the publications director at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, by searching for citings of the rarely used word consectetur in classical literature. The original version (with the excerpted items highlighted): [32] Sed ut perspiciatis, unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam eaque ipsa, quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt, explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem, quia voluptas sit, aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos, qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt, neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum, quia dolor sit, amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt, ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit, qui in ea voluptate velit esse, quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum, qui dolorem eum fugiat, quo voluptas nulla pariatur? [33] At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus, qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti, quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint, obcaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa, qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio, cumque nihil impedit, quo minus id, quod maxime placeat, facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Temporibus autem quibusdam et aut officiis debitis aut rerum necessitatibus saepe eveniet, ut et voluptates repudiandae sint et molestiae non recusandae. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat. English translation Ciceros original text: neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, con-

sectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur? H. Rackhams 1914 translation: Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure? Variations There are many variations of passages of Lorem Ipsum available, but the majority has been altered in some form, by injected humour, or randomized words, which dont follow the conventions of common language. If one is going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, it is proper to be sure there is not anything hidden in the middle of text. Many variations on the standard lorem ipsum text exist, some with little resemblance to the original. Other versions have additional letters such as k, w, and z that were uncommon or missing in the Latin, and nonsense words such as Z.zril, takimata, and gubergren added to the original passage to achieve a distribution

of letters that more closely approximates English. Ciceros first Oration against Catiline is sometimes used in type specimens: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? Quam diu etiam furor iste tus nos eludet? . . . Todays popular version of lorem ipsum was first created for Aldus Corporations first desktop publishing program Aldus PageMaker in the mid-1980s for the Apple Macintosh. Art director Laura Perry adapted older forms of the lorem text from typography samples. The text was frequently used in PageMaker templates. Various pieces of software, including text editors (or plug-in modules for same), can generate semi-random lorem text that often has little or nothing in common with the canonical variety, other than looking like (and often being) jumbled Latin. Apples Pages software uses this jumbled text as a sample screenplay for their screenplay layout. Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is common placeholder text used to demonstrate the graphic elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout. It is a form of greeking. Even though using lorem ipsum often arouses curiosity due to its resemblance to classical Latin, it is not intended to have meaning. Where text is visible in a document, people tend to focus on the textual content rather than upon overall presentation, so publishers use lorem ipsum when displaying a typeface or design in order to direct the focus to presentation. Lorem ipsum also approximates a typical distribution of letters

Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed.

CD-ROM booklet design


Design Collection Justina Roberts Fall 2011

Design Collection Justina Roberts Fall 2011

Introduction

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Design ePortfolio Justina Roberts Fall 2011

Im a twenty one year old college student, majoring in Visual Communication and Design with a concentration in Photography. I generally feel that I am a hard-working, proud, and energetic individual. I dont feel that I am particually good at using computers, but I am learning every day. I feel that basic, clear designs are most attractive and are key to success of the study of typography. As a future-professional, my audience consists of my instructor to this course and many others and fellow students.

Designing With Type

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Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed. Achievement Unlocked: Type Designed.