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The Immigrant Bees, 1788 to 1898, Vol.

IV

A Final Insight on the Introduction of European Honeybees into Australia and New Zealand

Peter Barrett

Published March, 2011. A limited edition of 25 copies. Published by the Author. This book is copyright. Apart from fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without written permission. Inquiries regarding any form of reproduction beyond the above permissions, should be directed to the author: Peter Barrett, 28 Osprey Street, Caloundra 4551, Qld., Australia Phone 07 5491 1204 or Overseas +61 7 5491 1204 Also by the author: The Immigrant Bees 1788 to 1898, Vol. I (1995) William Charles Cotton, Grand Bee Master of NZ, 1842-1847 (1997) An Australian Beekeeping Bibliography (1996, 1999, 2010) The Immigrant Bees 1788 to 1898, Vol. II (1999) The Immigrant Bees 1788 to 1898, Vol. III (2006) The Immigrant Bees 1788 to 1898, Vol. V (manuscript)

Transferring spoils from a bee tree


Angus Mackay borrowed several illustrations from the 23 rd April 1881 issue of Harpers Weekly and inserted versions of them into his 1885 Elements of Australian Agriculture. So, mirroring his creative selectivity, Ive extracted another.

Table of Contents
Acknowledgements ..................................................................... 11 Copy Holders & Subscribers ........ Error! Bookmark not defined. Foreword....................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. PART I - THE NATIVE BEESERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. BEE-HUNTING, 1887 ................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. NEW SOUTH WALES ................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. James Atkinson and Jim Vaughan, native bees honey, c1820Error! Bookmark not defined. Horticultural Society of London, 1825Error! Bookmark not defined. Edward Macarthur, 1825......... Error! Bookmark not defined. They have been unsuccessfully tried in hives at Sydney, 1839Error! Bookmark not defined. T. W. Woodbury, 1864 .................. Error! Bookmark not defined. VICTORIA ................................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Tarlton Rayments Apis Aenigmatica, an updateError! Bookmark not defined. NORTHERN TERRITORY........... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Port Essington, c1846 ................... Error! Bookmark not defined. WESTERN AUSTRALIA............. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Edward John Eyres explorations, 1840-41Error! Bookmark not defined. David Carnegie, c1892-96 ............ Error! Bookmark not defined. A.C. Gregory & F.T. Gregory, Murchison River, 1857Error! Bookmark not defined. PART II - THE DARK EUROPEAN HONEYBEEERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. NEW SOUTH WALES ................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Another attempt, 2 hives from England, 1809Error! Bookmark not defined. The convict ship Phoenix, 1824 another updateError! Bookmark not defined. Captain Wallace, 1822: ................ Error! Bookmark not defined. an 1824 reference ......................... Error! Bookmark not defined. 1823, 1824 and 1825 referencesError! Bookmark not defined. Apis Mellifica, an 1828 reference . Error! Bookmark not defined. Observations of Peter Cunningham, 1821-1824Error! Bookmark not defined. Bees plentiful in the colony ? 1826Error! Bookmark not defined. several times tried, in each instance failed, 1830Error! Bookmark not defined. Thomas Braidwood Wilson delivers a hive to Sydney, 1832Error! Bookmark not defined. The European bee has been oftener than once introduced into Sydney but without success; 1835............................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. 4 hives imported from Hobart to Sydney, 1835Error! Bookmark not defined. English bees, which have been recently introduced, multiply fast, 1838 Error! Bookmark not defined. Some early Sydney imports & exportsError! Bookmark not defined. Honey and Beeswax, 1832 to 1845Error! Bookmark not defined. Honey Exports from Sydney & Newcastle, 1850-52Error! Bookmark not defined. Honey & Wax to Sydney from Taree, 1854Error! Bookmark not defined. Two bee hives from Hobart Town for Sydney, June 1836Error! Bookmark not defined. A bee hive from Launceston for Sydney, May 1838Error! Bookmark not defined. Bee hive stolen, South Head Road, Sydney, Nov. 1838Error! Bookmark not defined. Foulbrood symptoms, Maitland, 1839 and 1842Error! Bookmark not defined. English bees are now pretty numerous, 1842Error! Bookmark not defined. Mr. B, Sydney, 50 hives of bees, 1842Error! Bookmark not defined. One hive exported to Port Nelson, New Zealand, April 1844Error! Bookmark not defined. Two hives for Port Phillip, Vic., May 1844Error! Bookmark not defined. Illawarra: 1845, 1846, 1849, 1852Error! Bookmark not defined. Maitland, a tentative honey industry, 1840sError! Bookmark not defined. Potential of honey and wax production, 1843, 1844Error! Bookmark not defined.

Benefits of honey and beeswax exports, 1845Error! Bookmark not defined. 100 hives for auction, 1845 ..... Error! Bookmark not defined. Proceeds from 40 hives, 1846 . Error! Bookmark not defined. Costs of production, 1846 ....... Error! Bookmark not defined. Honey scarce, 1845 & 1847 .... Error! Bookmark not defined. Twenty hives of bees for auction, 1848Error! Bookmark not defined. A Productive Hive, William River, 1850Error! Bookmark not defined. Feral bees...................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. Hawkesbury River, 1844 and 1849Error! Bookmark not defined. North of Sydney, 1854 ........ Error! Bookmark not defined. Dapto, South Coast, 1860 ....... Error! Bookmark not defined. For Sale, Durham Hotel, Dungog, with apiary 18 feet long, shingled, 1863 Error! Bookmark not defined. TASMANIA ............................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. English Black Bees in Tarraleah, 1986Error! Bookmark not defined. Two Illusive years, 1817 and 1826Error! Bookmark not defined. Foreign Honey, 1827 .................... Error! Bookmark not defined. Bees suggested obtainable from Cape of Good Hope, 1829Error! Bookmark not defined. Dr. Thomas Braidwood Wilson..... Error! Bookmark not defined. Bees let loose from the wire cage, March 1831Error! Bookmark not defined. Bees thriving well, Nov. 1831 Error! Bookmark not defined. 13 hives in the Government garden, Jan. 1832Error! Bookmark not defined. Beekeeping Hobart style, March 1832Error! Bookmark not defined. Beautiful transparent combs of colonial honey, March 1832Error! Bookmark not defined. Government gardens bees active, circa Jan. 1832Error! Bookmark not defined. Dr. Wilsons 7th visit to Hobart, July 1832Error! Bookmark not defined. Colonel Arthur gifts a hive to Gov. Bourke, 1832Error! Bookmark not defined. An early swarm, Oct. 1832 ..... Error! Bookmark not defined. English Bees have lately been introduced, 1833Error! Bookmark not defined. It is necessary to remark the introduction of bees , 1833Error! Bookmark not defined. Another swarm, Oct. 1833 ...... Error! Bookmark not defined. Lessons in the practical management of the apiary, Dec. 1833Error! Bookmark not defined. Dr. Wilson, who has immortalized his name as the friend of Van Diemen's Land March 1834......................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. The bees are now becoming so numerous Nov. 1834Error! Bookmark not defined. These useful little insects are now very numerous in the colony, Jan. 1835 Error! Bookmark not defined. bees are now very numerous in the colony, March 1836Error! Bookmark not defined. The bees are now largely spread over this colony, New South Wales and Swan River, May 1836......................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. Conclusions re Dr. T.B. Wilson 1831 & Capt. Wallace, 1822Error! Bookmark not defined. Thomas Hentys livestock casualties aboard the Forth, May 1832Error! Bookmark not defined. Mr. Clayton, entrepreneurial apiarist, 1834, 1836 & 1837Error! Bookmark not defined. Some early honey imports & exportsError! Bookmark not defined. For Sale, Campbellford Cottage, consisting of a well-stocked garden, with green-house, apiary, &c., 1842 ....................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. Louisa Anne Meredith, a lady beekeeper, 1848Error! Bookmark not defined. These busy little colonists are fast spreading all over the island, 1851 Error! Bookmark not defined. Feral bees, 1852............................ Error! Bookmark not defined. Robbery of Bees, 1859 .................. Error! Bookmark not defined. Some Honey Exports from Hobart, 1850 & 1859Error! Bookmark not defined. SOUTH AUSTRALIA ................. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Bees from Tasmania, 1838 ............ Error! Bookmark not defined. A honey industry progressing by 1859Error! Bookmark not defined.

No market for inwards honey cargo, Dec. 1858Error! Bookmark not defined. Four hives of bees exported to Fremantle, 1859Error! Bookmark not defined. Honey Exports from 1859 ....... Error! Bookmark not defined. Apiarian Society Formed, 1860Error! Bookmark not defined. Honey Imports from Moreton Bay, Qld, 1860Error! Bookmark not defined. Honey Exports to Melbourne, 1860Error! Bookmark not defined. WESTERN AUSTRALIA............. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. William Hardey, Swan River, 1830, an update to Vol. IIError! Bookmark not defined. May & July 1834, hives imported from VDLError! Bookmark not defined. Fremantle, King Georges Sound, 1835Error! Bookmark not defined. Lieutenant Helpman, bee hives to the Swan River, Western Australia, in 1841, 1843 & 1846 ...................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. Pre-1841 attempts ................... Error! Bookmark not defined. One hive of bees from Van Diemens Land, July 1841Error! Bookmark not defined. Three hives from Sydney, 5 July 1843Error! Bookmark not defined. Potential hive sourcing voyages in 1844Error! Bookmark not defined. The 1846 importation .............. Error! Bookmark not defined. Bees established at Fremantle by 1849Error! Bookmark not defined. Dramatis Personae .................. Error! Bookmark not defined. Lt. Francis Helpman:, naval officer, ships captain, expeditioner, harbourmaster, bee hive beneficiary........................... Error! Bookmark not defined. Marshall MacDermott, army officer, prominent settler, banker, the first importer of Bees from England, 1831 ........... Error! Bookmark not defined. Captain John Molloy: army officer, gentleman farmer, beekeeper with one bee hive aboard the Warrior, already two months at sea, Dec. 1829Error! Bookmark not defined. Lawrence Welch: customs officer, collector of dues, inspector of weights and measures, collector of license dues, constable, court bailiff, gaoler, beekeeper Error! Bookmark not defined. Addenda .................................. Error! Bookmark not defined. Early river travel on the Swan RiverError! Bookmark not defined. An incident with refractory natives, 1838Error! Bookmark not defined. Honey and Beeswax Imports, 1833 to 1846Error! Bookmark not defined. Dom Rosendo Salvado, Spanish bees to New Norcia, May 1869?Error! Bookmark not defined. Salvado & Serras arrival in W.A., 1846Error! Bookmark not defined. Salvado in Europe 1849 to 1853Error! Bookmark not defined. Salvados May 1867 visit to Spain, back in Fremantle, May 1869 Error! Bookmark not defined. Salvados Sept. 1869 visit to RomeError! Bookmark not defined. Conclusions ............................. Error! Bookmark not defined. Senor John Casellas beehouse, 1918Error! Bookmark not defined. NORTHERN TERRITORY ........... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Three hives of bees for Erickson and Clopenburg, 1882Error! Bookmark not defined. A hive of bees for Hodgson Downs Station, 1896Error! Bookmark not defined. Bees for the Botanical Gardens, 1897Error! Bookmark not defined. VICTORIA ................................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Intense heat destroys hives, Heidelberg, Jan. 1848Error! Bookmark not defined. Spread of feral bees, Gippsland, 1857, 1860, 1863Error! Bookmark not defined. Spread of feral bees, Melbourne, 1866Error! Bookmark not defined. QUEENSLAND .......................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Moreton Bay, four inwards shipments of hives, 1848Error! Bookmark not defined. Before the Magistrates Bench, Dec. 1855Error! Bookmark not defined. hives of bees for auction, 1860-1861Error! Bookmark not defined. One hive to Captain Cottier, Rockhampton, July 1860Error! Bookmark not defined. hives of bees for auction, March, 1861Error! Bookmark not defined. New England district, 1861........... Error! Bookmark not defined.

Honey from bee trees, Gregory River, 1861Error! Bookmark not defined. An Immigrants view of Queensland, 1862Error! Bookmark not defined. An Ipswich swarm, 1863 ............... Error! Bookmark not defined. German Settlers, 1863 .................. Error! Bookmark not defined. NEW ZEALAND ........................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. William Brown, Auckland, Feb. 1840Error! Bookmark not defined. Campbell and Brown in Australia, 1839-40Error! Bookmark not defined. Campbell and Brown in NZ, 1840-41Error! Bookmark not defined. Motu korea Browns Island, 1840Error! Bookmark not defined. Acacia Cottage, Auckland, June 1841Error! Bookmark not defined. George Graham, bees from Hobart to Auckland, 1841Error! Bookmark not defined. Mrs Eliza Hobson, Bay of Islands, 1840Error! Bookmark not defined. Mrs. Williams diary, March 1840Error! Bookmark not defined. Rev. Richard Taylor, Waimate, Dec. 1840Error! Bookmark not defined. James Busby, some biographical notesError! Bookmark not defined. Mr. John Carne Bidwill, 1842, an updateError! Bookmark not defined. Dr. Pompellier & Mr. Cotter, May 1843Error! Bookmark not defined. The quantity of honey yielded is amazing 1843-47Error! Bookmark not defined. Nuisance bees, enthusiastic honey-eaters & and a pains-taking industrious clergyman, 1857 ................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined. A Race of Sorts: William Charles Cotton & Mrs. Allom, Dec. 1841 Error! Bookmark not defined. Thames River, London............ Error! Bookmark not defined. 14th December 1841 ............ Error! Bookmark not defined. Departure of the Tomatin Error! Bookmark not defined. 18th December 1841 ............ Error! Bookmark not defined. Mrs. Allom .............................. Error! Bookmark not defined. Correspondence to the Royal Society of Arts, 1845Error! Bookmark not defined. Self Nomination for an award, 1845Error! Bookmark not defined. The ship London ................. Error! Bookmark not defined. The ship Clifford ................. Error! Bookmark not defined. The brothers Imlay, April 1842Error! Bookmark not defined. The brothers Wakefield, 1842Error! Bookmark not defined. The Silver Isis Medal .......... Error! Bookmark not defined. An 1849 novel inspired by Mrs Alloms effortsError! Bookmark not defined. Rotchs version of Nutts Collateral HiveError! Bookmark not defined. Francis Whishaw, Secretary, Royal Society of ArtsError! Bookmark not defined. Cottons Plan........................... Error! Bookmark not defined. The demise of Cottons bees ... Error! Bookmark not defined. Background ......................... Error! Bookmark not defined. Superstitious sailors and the myth of successError! Bookmark not defined. Mrs. Alloms letter of 12 March 1845Error! Bookmark not defined. A carelessly packed hogshead, mashed hives thrown overboard in Plymouth Sound ............................................ Error! Bookmark not defined. A competing explanation - sailors stung by the bees !Error! Bookmark not defined. Misinformation, ignorance and intensive researchError! Bookmark not defined. Cotton: some additional biographical backgroundError! Bookmark not defined. I know that bee well ............. Error! Bookmark not defined. a bodyguard of them used to attend him to lecture and chapel Error! Bookmark not defined. About daylight he used to crow like a cockError! Bookmark not defined. as if he had in a previous state of existence been a queen bee himself Error! Bookmark not defined. A small box would throw a swarm in a very short time, and this again would swarm ................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.

Mr. Cotton may claim the honours of an Aristaeus in NZError! Bookmark not defined. He was never without a plurality of dogsError! Bookmark not defined. Mr. Cotton had the swarm sent to his own apiary 1871Error! Bookmark not defined. My Bee Book, a book review, Dec. 1842Error! Bookmark not defined. Memoir of Jane Pennington, 1856Error! Bookmark not defined. An 1881 report of Cotton in Melbourne?Error! Bookmark not defined. The Rise & Fall of an 1840s Cross-Tasman Trade in BeesError! Bookmark not defined. Sydney hives of bees for sale, September 1842Error! Bookmark not defined. One hive to Nelson from Sydney, January 1844Error! Bookmark not defined. One hive from Sydney, January 1844Error! Bookmark not defined. Nelson, Wellington and Taranaki sourced swarms available, 1844 & 1847 Error! Bookmark not defined. English honey imports, 1841 .. Error! Bookmark not defined. New South Wales honey, 1843, 1844 & 1846Error! Bookmark not defined. Van Diemens Land honey, 1844 & 1846Error! Bookmark not defined. Other imported honey, 1846 ... Error! Bookmark not defined. Domestic Bee produce at Agricultural Shows, 1845 & 1849Error! Bookmark not defined. Beekeeping books and bell hives for sale, 1847-1848Error! Bookmark not defined. Bees Wax sought by H.M. Ships, 1847-1848Error! Bookmark not defined. Bees Wax a potential export, 1848Error! Bookmark not defined. Domestic Honey into Auckland, 1849Error! Bookmark not defined. Increasing Domestic Honey Self SufficiencyError! Bookmark not defined. Domestic Honey into Auckland, 1850Error! Bookmark not defined. Foreign Honey into Auckland, 1850Error! Bookmark not defined. Domestic Honey into Auckland, 1851Error! Bookmark not defined. Foreign Honey into Auckland, 1851Error! Bookmark not defined. Exports from Auckland, 1851 . Error! Bookmark not defined. Home Grown hives for sale, 1852, 1856Error! Bookmark not defined. Domestic Honey into Auckland, 1852-1854Error! Bookmark not defined. Domestic Honey into Auckland, Wellington & Lyttelton, 1855Error! Bookmark not defined. Foreign Exports, 1855 ............. Error! Bookmark not defined. Domestic Honey into Auckland, 1856-58Error! Bookmark not defined. Foreign Honey Imports / Exports 1858-59Error! Bookmark not defined. Domestic Honey into Auckland, 1859Error! Bookmark not defined. Domestic Honey Coastwise, 1860Error! Bookmark not defined. Foreign Exports 1860-61 ........ Error! Bookmark not defined. Domestic Honey Shipments into Auckland, 1861Error! Bookmark not defined. Foreign Imports, 1861 ............. Error! Bookmark not defined. Domestic Honey into Auckland, 1862Error! Bookmark not defined. Valley of the Okouto River, Feb. 1848Error! Bookmark not defined. New Plymouth, 1848 ..................... Error! Bookmark not defined. Mr. Thorpes apiary, Thames River, 1849Error! Bookmark not defined. Isaac Cookson, Lyttelton, 1852 ..... Error! Bookmark not defined. Bees plentiful & cheap & colonial collateral hives, 1856Error! Bookmark not defined. William Swales letter to Charles Darwin, July 1858Error! Bookmark not defined. Shipping of Bee Hives and Bee ProduceError! Bookmark not defined. The 1860s ................................ Error! Bookmark not defined. The 1870s ................................ Error! Bookmark not defined. Grand Exhibition, 1851................. Error! Bookmark not defined. NORFOLK ISLAND ................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Captain Maconochie, 1840, 1845 and 1850 referencesError! Bookmark not defined. HAWAII .................................. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Sandwich Islands, 1852................. Error! Bookmark not defined. Kona, Hawaii, 1863 ...................... Error! Bookmark not defined.

PART III - THE ITALIAN OR LIGURIAN, APIS LIGUSTICAERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. NEW SOUTH WALES ................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. S. MacDonnell, Homebush, July 1881Error! Bookmark not defined. WESTERN AUSTRALIA............. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Ligurians available commercially by 1898Error! Bookmark not defined. QUEENSLAND .......................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. The first Ligurians an 1873 updateError! Bookmark not defined. Angus Mackay ............................... Error! Bookmark not defined. 1860s & 1870s ........................ Error! Bookmark not defined. Special Commissioner from Qld to Philadelphia, 1876Error! Bookmark not defined. Success in 1877 ? .................... Error! Bookmark not defined. Chas Fullwood .............................. Error! Bookmark not defined. Plymouth to Brisbane, Sept. - Oct. 1880Error! Bookmark not defined. Success in 1881 ....................... Error! Bookmark not defined. Beekeeper, bookbinder and rechabite, 1880sError! Bookmark not defined. Some NZ notes, 1884..................... Error! Bookmark not defined. SOUTH AUSTRALIA ................. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. The first Ligurians a minor updateError! Bookmark not defined. NORTHERN TERRITORY........... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. An early record of Italian bees, 1914Error! Bookmark not defined. Ligurian Sanctuary established on Groote Island, 1923Error! Bookmark not defined. Oenpelli, 1926 ............................... Error! Bookmark not defined. VICTORIA ................................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Apiarian Societys Report, Dec. 1862Error! Bookmark not defined. Acclimatisation Society, Melbourne, 1864Error! Bookmark not defined. Alfred Neighbour, 1865 - The apiary; or Bees, bee-hives and bee culture Error! Bookmark not defined. NZ newspapers - Edward Wilson, 1863 & Mr. Hopwood, 1865Error! Bookmark not defined. The Journal of Horticulture, Jan. 1865Error! Bookmark not defined. American Bee Journal, August 1866Error! Bookmark not defined. Gleanings in Bee Culture, 1873 .... Error! Bookmark not defined. Ligurianizing an Apiary, 1879 ...... Error! Bookmark not defined. Serious doubt cast on success of the 1862 Ligurian adventure, 1872 & 1881 Error! Bookmark not defined. BATAVIA (JAKARTA), JAVA, INDONESIA, 1880ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. NEW ZEALAND ........................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Acclimatisation Society of Canterbury, Ligurian bees and a little chaos, 1868 Error! Bookmark not defined. An unsuccessful attempt, Mr. Parsons of Waikato, May 1877Error! Bookmark not defined. Royal Commission on Local Industries, Aug. 1880Error! Bookmark not defined. Hopkins & Wren, Sept. 1880 .. Error! Bookmark not defined. Canterbury Beekeepers Assoc., Christchurch, Dec. 1880Error! Bookmark not defined. Robert James Creighton, Noah Levering & Samuel Charles Farr, 1880 (an update to Vol. 2) ...................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. Failure of the first attempt ....... Error! Bookmark not defined. The second attempt, San Francisco to Auckland, 13 Dec. 1880Error! Bookmark not defined. Robert Creighton, NZ Government agent, San FranciscoError! Bookmark not defined. Noah Levering, Los Angeles, CaliforniaError! Bookmark not defined. S.S. Australia, Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co.Error! Bookmark not defined. Samuel Farr, Canterbury Acclimatisation Society, NZError! Bookmark not defined. A German in Tahiti offers Ligurians to NZ, 1882Error! Bookmark not defined. Thomas Wilson, Kaipoi, Canterbury, from Alfred Newman of Chicago via San Francisco, Oct. 1880............................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.

A sample of subsequent imports, 1881-85Error! Bookmark not defined. Isaac Hopkins, Oct. 1881 to Dec. 1884, numerous importations from Queensland, California & Italy ......................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. L. J. Bagnal, Auckland from America, Nov. 1884Error! Bookmark not defined. Otago Acclimatisation, 1877 to 1882Error! Bookmark not defined. Major Jackson, Ligurian queen importer & breeder, circa Jan. 1882 Error! Bookmark not defined. A. J. Karl, Ohaupo, a Waikato Ligurian queen bee breeder, Sept. 1885 Error! Bookmark not defined. CAPE TOWN SOUTH AFRICA ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. T.W. Woodbury, c1865 and 1868 .. Error! Bookmark not defined. PART IV BY SEA & LAND IN THE 19TH CENTURYERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. NEW SOUTH WALES / VICTORIAERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Diary of James and Alice Greening, 1886Error! Bookmark not defined. COOK ISLANDS RAROONGA, C1862, AN UPDATEERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. CALIFORNIA ............................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. The shipment of bees for California and Oregon has been a brisk business, 1860 Error! Bookmark not defined. QUEENSLAND .......................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. From London for Brisbane via Sydney, Jan. 1888Error! Bookmark not defined. S.S. Dorundas cholera bees, Moreton Bay, Jan. 1886Error! Bookmark not defined. WESTERN AUSTRALIA............. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Rev. William Horsfall, Roebourne bees head for SingaporeError! Bookmark not defined. Golden Italians in the Goldfields, 1899Error! Bookmark not defined. Port Adelaide to Fremantle on the S.S. RomeError! Bookmark not defined. SOUTH AUSTRALIA ................. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. R. D. Ross, Aug. 1883 ................... Error! Bookmark not defined. Fred Meincke, railway carrier & queen bee breederError! Bookmark not defined. South Australian Beekeepers AssociationError! Bookmark not defined. SOUTHAMPTON TO GRAHAMSTOWN, SOUTH AFRICA, 1875ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. SPAIN TO CUBA AND MEXICO IN THE 17TH CENTURYERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Dr. Gerstacker, historical sleuth, 1863Error! Bookmark not defined. Frederick Smith, British Museum, 1865Error! Bookmark not defined. A BEES SOLILOQUY ............... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. PART V MORE EARLY 19TH CENTURY BEEKEEPERS & SOME UPDATED BIOGRAPHIES ................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. TASMANIA ............................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. William Kermode, 1821 ................ Error! Bookmark not defined. Joseph Milligan, Tasmanian Beekeeper, 1845-51Error! Bookmark not defined. Van Diemen's Land Royal Society, 1852Error! Bookmark not defined. Robert Walker of Kilburn Grange, 1854Error! Bookmark not defined. Samuel Perkin, Launceston, 1869 . Error! Bookmark not defined. Thomas Lloyd Hood, 1884 ............ Error! Bookmark not defined. Thomas James Lempriere ............. Error! Bookmark not defined. Hugh Munro Hull, 1864 ................ Error! Bookmark not defined. SOUTH AUSTRALIA ................. ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Jonathan Basham, Hindmarsh Valley beekeeper, 1859Error! Bookmark not defined. Albert Molineux, 1880s ................. Error! Bookmark not defined. NEW SOUTH WALES ................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Nathaniel Payten, stonemason & beekeeper, 1842Error! Bookmark not defined. QUEENSLAND .......................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. James Carroll and the illusive Queensland Apicultural JournalError! Bookmark not defined.

VICTORIA ................................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Mr. Bell, Newstead farmer & Mr. Mlnnes, carpenter, 1867Error! Bookmark not defined. James Shackell, Echuca, 1869 ...... Error! Bookmark not defined. Local beeswax candles, Beechworth, 1869Error! Bookmark not defined. NEW ZEALAND ........................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Marianne Gittos (1830 1908) .... Error! Bookmark not defined. APPENDICES ................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. APPENDIX 1. BEN OLDROYDS LETTER, JUNE 2007ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. MY question .................................. Error! Bookmark not defined. Bens response .............................. Error! Bookmark not defined. APPENDIX 2. PAPERS PAST NEW ZEALANDS SEARCHABLE NEWSPAPERS ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. APPENDIX 3. AMY STORRS LETTERS TO THE HAWKES BAY HERALD ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. APPENDIX 4. A SUBSCRIBERS LETTER TO THE NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL, 12 NOVEMBER 1842 ................................................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. APPENDIX 5. ANOTHER SUBSCRIBERS LETTER TO THE NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL, 24 DECEMBER 1842 ........................................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. APPENDIX 6. AUSTRALIAN NEWSPAPERS DIGITISATION PROGRAM AUSTRALIAS SEARCHABLE NEWSPAPERS ........................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. APPENDIX 7. ANGUS MACKAYS PUBLISHED WORKSERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. APPENDIX 8. OFFICERS OF THE NSW BEE-KEEPERS UNIONERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. APPENDIX 9. SOME MORE SHIPS PICTURESERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. APPENDIX 10. A FRESH PERSPECTIVE ON THE FIRST SUCCESSFUL (?) INTRODUCTION OF HONEY BEES INTO AUSTRALIA IN 1822.ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. Failed Attempts both before and after 1822Error! Bookmark not defined. Evidence for and against Capt. Wallace in 1822Error! Bookmark not defined. Overwhelming evidence for Dr. Thomas Braidwood Wilsons success in 1831 Error! Bookmark not defined. BOOK REVIEWS ....................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. The Australasian Beekeeper, November 2007Error! Bookmark not defined. SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHYERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. BOOKS ..................................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. SELECTED NEWSPAPERS ......... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. PROFESSIONAL PAPERS, JOURNAL ARTICLES & DIARIESERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. INDEX................................ ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. ENDNOTES....................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.

This volume has been published in a limited edition of 26 copies in early 2011. Readers may enquire upon the author for further information on the topics listed above. Email barrpete@bigpond.net.au