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INDONESIA

Asian Development Bank


Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific
last updated through SDBS on 30 July 2010
1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

179.4

182.4

186.4

188.5

191.6

194.8

197.0

199.3

201.6

203.9

205.8

208.6

211.4

214.3

217.1

219.9

222.7

225.6

228.5

231.4

94

96

98

99

101

102

103

105

106

107

108

110

111

112

114

115

117

118

120

121

2.0

1.7

2.2

1.1

1.7

1.7

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

0.9

1.4

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.2

30.9

35.9

39.4

42.1

43.1

77803
75851
42378
7693
528
25252
1952
2.5
3.0
54.7

78455
76423
41206
7946
565
26706
2032
2.6
0.8

80704
78518
42153
8255
525
27585
2186
2.7
2.9

81456
79210
40072
8784
663
29691
2246
2.8
0.9

85776
82039
37858
10841
741
32599
3738
4.4
5.3
58.0

86361
80110
35233
10127
643
34107
6251
7.2
0.7

90110
85702
37720
10773
774
36435
4408
4.9
4.3
66.9

89603
85406
34790
11009
875
38731
4197
4.7
-0.6
66.3

92735
87672
39415
9934
675
37648
5063
5.5
3.5
66.9
83.2
51.2

94847
88817
38378
11516
726
38197
6030
6.4
2.3
67.2
86.6
51.2

95651
89838
40677
11642
523
36997
5813
6.1
0.8
67.8

98812
90807
39744
12086
38977
8005
8.1
3.3
68.6

100779
91647
40634
12110
632
38272
9132
9.1
2.0
67.8
85.6
50.1

102631
92811
43042
11496
733
37540
9820
9.6
1.8
67.8
85.7
50.2

103973
93722
40608
11070
1035
41009
10251
9.9
1.3
67.6
86.0
49.2

105857
93958
41310
11953
904
39791
11899
11.2
1.8
66.8
84.9
48.4

106282
95177
42323
11578
947
40329
11105
10.5
0.4
66.7
84.2
48.6

108131
97583
42609
12094
1021
41859
10548
9.8
1.7
66.6
83.7
49.5

210866
40930
25634
43569
1489
11795
35824
13362
16403
14322
7538
-9616
201251

249969
45636
31953
53379
1898
13762
41981
16968
20835
15218
8339
-10913
239056

282395
52746
30587
62016
2472
16878
47144
19714
23994
17399
9447
-12542
269853

329776
58963
31497
73556
3290
22513
55298
23249
28048
22458
10903
-12553
317223

382220
66072
33507
89241
4577
28017
63859
27353
34506
22755
12335
-10248
371971

454514
77896
40195
109689
5655
34452
75640
30795
39510
26555
14127
-13366
441148

532568
88792
46088
136426
6893
42025
87137
34926
43982
29753
16547
-14272
518296

627695
101009
55562
168178
7832
46679
99582
38531
54360
32128
23834
-18355
609340

955754
172828
120329
238897
11283
61762
146740
51937
69892
40641
41446
-53894
901860

1099732
215687
109925
285874
13429
67616
175835
55190
71220
56745
48210
-83764
1015967

1389770
216831
167692
385598
8394
76573
224452
65012
115463
69460
60294
-92162
1297608

1646322
251727
181840
478311
10855
93791
264984
77188
135370
81851
70407
-61051
1585271

1821833
281591
160921
523200
15392
110527
312187
97970
154442
83294
82309
-54513
1767320

2013675
305784
167572
568920
19144
125337
335100
118916
174075
101606
97220
-77414
1936261

2295826
329125
205252
644343
23730
151248
368556
142292
194411
121129
115741
-105350
2190476

2774281
364169
309014
760361
26694
195111
431620
180585
230523
135133
141071
-135001
2639281

3339217
433223
366521
919539
30355
251132
501542
231524
269121
167800
168459
-142269
3196948

3950893
541932
440610
1068654
34724
304997
592304
264263
305214
205344
192853
-162485
3788409

4951357
716065
540605
1380713
40846
419642
691495
312190
368130
257548
224122
-175865
4775492

5613442
858252
591532
1480905
46823
554982
750605
352407
404116
318581
255238
-196220
5417222

15.3

POPULATION
a
million; as of 1 July
Total population
Population density persons per square kilometer

Population annual change, percent


Urban population percent of total population
LABOR FORCE thousand; calendar year
Employed
Agriculture
Manufacturing
Mining
Others
Unemployed
Unemployment rate percent
Labor force annual change, percent
Labor force participation rate percent
Male
Female
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS billion Rupiah; calendar year
At Current Prices
GDP by industrial origin at current market prices
Agriculture
Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, and water
Construction
Trade
Transport and communications
Finance b
Public administration
Others
Net factor income from abroad
GNI
Structure of Output

111947 113744
102553 104485
41332
43029
12549
12615
1071
1139
47601
47701
9395
9259
8.4
8.1
3.5
1.6
67.2
67.6
83.5
83.6
51.1
51.8

percent of GDP at current market prices

Agriculture

19.4

18.3

18.7

17.9

17.3

17.1

16.7

16.1

18.1

19.6

15.6

15.6

15.5

15.2

14.3

13.1

13.0

13.7

14.5

Industry

39.1

40.4

39.6

39.7

40.6

41.8

43.5

44.3

45.2

43.4

45.9

46.5

44.5

43.7

44.6

46.5

46.9

46.8

48.1

47.6

Services

41.5

41.3

41.7

42.4

42.1

41.1

39.9

39.6

36.7

37.0

38.5

38.3

40.1

41.1

41.0

40.3

40.1

39.5

37.4

37.1

210866
124184
18649
59758
5032
53289

249969
145540
20785
67488
12541
63865

282395
157910
24731
72774
18737
78723

329776
192958
29757
86667
10546
88231

382220
228119
31014
105381
13327
101332

454514
279876
35584
129218
15900
119593

532568
332094
40299
157653
5800
137533

627695
387171
42952
177686
21615
174871

955754
647824
54416
243043
-82716
506245

1099732
813183
72631
221472
-96461
390560

1389770
856798
90780
275881
33283
569490

1646322
1039655
113416
323875
47194
642595

1821833
1231965
132219
353967
35980
595514

2013675
1372078
163701
392789
122682
613721

2295826
1532888
191056
515381
36911
739639

2774281
1785596
224981
655854
39975
945122

3339217
2092656
288080
805786
42382
1036316

3950893
2510504
329760
985627
-1053
1162974

4951357
2999957
416867
1370635
5822
1475119

5613442
3290843
539759
1743728
-5492
1354221

Expenditure on GDP at current market prices


Private consumption
Government consumption
Gross fixed capital formation
Increase in stocks
Exports of goods and services

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific
last updated through SDBS on 30 July 2010
1990
50046

1991
60249

1992
70481

1993
78383

1994
96953

1995
125657

1996
140812

1997
176600

1998
413058

1999
301654

2000
423318
-13145

2001
506426
-13986

2002
480815
-46995

2003
465941
-185355

2004
632376
-87673

2005
830083
-47163

2006
855588
-70416

2007
1003271
-33647

Structure of Demand percent of GDP at current market prices


Private consumption
58.9
Government consumption
8.8
Gross domestic capital formation
30.7
Exports of goods and services
25.3
Imports of goods and services
23.7
Statistical discrepancy

58.2
8.3
32.0
25.5
24.1

55.9
8.8
32.4
27.9
25.0

58.5
9.0
29.5
26.8
23.8

59.7
8.1
31.1
26.5
25.4

61.6
7.8
31.9
26.3
27.6

62.4
7.6
30.7
25.8
26.4

61.7
6.8
31.8
27.9
28.1

67.8
5.7
16.8
53.0
43.2

73.9
6.6
11.4
35.5
27.4

61.7
6.5
22.2
41.0
30.5
-0.9

63.2
6.7
22.5
39.0
30.8
-0.8

67.6
7.3
21.4
32.7
26.4
-2.6

68.1
8.1
25.6
30.5
23.1
-9.2

66.8
8.3
24.1
32.2
27.5
-3.8

64.4
8.1
25.1
34.1
29.9
-1.7

62.7
8.6
25.4
31.0
25.6
-2.1

63.5
8.3
24.9
29.4
25.4
-0.9

60.6
8.4
27.8
29.8
28.7
2.1

58.6
9.6
31.0
24.1
21.3
-2.0

263262
53056
26628
54211
2508
15226
41725
18474
21479
20738
9218
-11397
251865

286765
54583
29969
59941
2720
17487
46669
20040
24309
21380
9670
-12508
274257

307474
58002
30461
66042
2961
19664
50344
21618
26164
22012
10207
-13351
294123

329776
58963
31497
73556
3290
22513
55298
23249
28048
22458
10903
-12553
317223

354641
59291
33262
82649
3703
25858
59504
25189
30901
22752
11533
-9730
344911

383792
61885
35502
91637
4292
29198
64231
27329
34313
23046
12360
-11924
371869

413798
63828
37739
102260
4877
32924
69475
29701
36384
23338
13272
-12487
401311

433246
64468
38538
107630
5480
35346
73524
31783
38543
23617
14318
-15463
417783

376374
63609
37474
95321
5646
22465
60131
26975
28279
21888
14588
-27965
348409

379352 |
64985 |
36866 |
99058 |
6113 |
22036 |
60094 |
26772 |
26245 |
22251 |
14933 |
-22145 |
357207 |

1389770
216831
167692
385598
8394
76573
224453
65012
115463
69460
60294
-92162
1297608

1440406
223892
168244
398324
9058
80080
233308
70276
123266
70200
63757
-66211
1374195

1505216
231614
169932
419388
9868
84470
243267
76173
131523
70482
68500
-56357
1448859

1577171
240387
167604
441755
10349
89622
256517
85458
140374
71148
73957
-81231
1495941

1656517
247164
160101
469952
10898
96334
271142
96897
151123
72324
80583
-80468
1576049

1750815
253882
165223
491561
11584
103598
293654
109262
161252
73700
87099
-107382
1643434

1847127
262403
168032
514100
12251
112234
312519
124809
170074
76618
94087
-113857
1733269

1964327
271509
171278
538085
13517
121809
340437
142327
183659
80778
100928
-120564
1843764

2082316
284621
172443
557764
14994
130952
363814
165906
198800
84378
108646
-96596
1985720

2176976
296369
179975
569551
17060
140184
367959
191674
208832
88683
116688
-109819
2067156

9.0
3.1
11.5
9.8

8.9
2.9
11.7
9.4

7.2
6.3
8.2
6.8

7.3
1.7
9.8
7.4

7.5
0.6
11.2
7.1

8.2
4.4
10.4
7.6

7.8
3.1
10.7
6.8

4.7
1.0
5.2
5.6

-13.1
-1.3
-14.0
-16.5

0.8
2.2
2.0
-1.0

4.9
1.9
5.9
5.2

3.6
3.3
2.7
4.9

4.5
3.4
4.3
5.2

4.8
3.8
3.8
6.4

5.0
2.8
3.9
7.1

5.7
2.7
4.7
7.9

5.5
3.4
4.5
7.4

6.3
3.5
4.7
9.0

6.0
4.8
3.7
8.7

4.5
4.1
3.5
5.7

263262
155094
26689
69519
11133
59808
58981

286765
167455
28094
78488
9884
71702
68856

307474
172640
29702
81302
16125
82605
74900

329776
192958
29757
86667
10546
88231
78383

354641
208062
30443
98589
14836
97002
94291

383792
234245
30851
112386
15853
104492
114035

413798
257016
31681
128699
5873
112391
121863

433246
277116
31701
139726
3342
121158
139796

376374
260023
26828
93605
-6387
134707
132401

379352 |
272070 |
27014 |
76573 |
-9622 |
91864 |
78546 |
|

1389770
856798
90780
275881
33283
569490
423318
-13145

1440406
886736
97646
293793
41847
573163
441012
-11767

1505216
920750
110334
307585
13085
566188
422271
9547

1577171
956593
121404
309431
45997
599516
428875
-26896

1656517
1004109
126249
354866
25099
680621
543184
8757

1750815
1043805
134626
393501
33508
793613
639702
-8535

1847127
1076928
147564
403719
29027
868257
694605
16238

1964327
1130847
153310
441362
-243
942431
757566
54187

2082316
1191191
169297
493717
2170
1032278
833342
27006

2176976
1249011
195908
510118
-474
932124
708587
-1124

17.2
4.8
10.9
0.4
21.4

8.0
5.3
9.6
19.9
16.7

3.1
5.7
10.2
15.2
8.8

11.8
0.2
-0.2
6.8
4.7

7.8
2.3
16.7
9.9
20.3

12.6
1.3
13.1
7.7
20.9

9.7
2.7
4.9
7.6
6.9

7.8
0.1
6.3
7.8
14.7

-6.2
-15.4
-39.0
11.2
-5.3

4.6
0.7
-23.2
-31.8
-40.7

1.6
-0.9
12.9
26.5
25.9

3.5
7.6
8.6
0.6
4.2

3.8
13.0
-4.5
-1.2
-4.2

3.9
10.0
10.8
5.9
1.6

5.0
4.0
6.9
13.5
26.7

4.0
6.6
12.4
16.6
17.8

3.2
9.6
1.3
9.4
8.6

5.0
3.9
1.9
8.5
9.1

5.3
10.4
12.4
9.5
10.0

4.9
15.7
2.8
-9.7
-15.0

Less: Imports of goods and services


Statistical discrepancy

At Constant Prices
GDP by industrial origin at 1993 | 2000 market prices
Agriculture
Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, and water
Construction
Trade
Transport and communications
Finance b
Public administration
Others
Net factor income from abroad
GNI
Growth of Output
GDP
Agriculture
Industry
Services

2008
2009
1422902 1197193
105859 -112424

annual change, percent

Expenditure on GDP at 1993 | 2000 market prices


Private consumption
Government consumption
Gross fixed capital formation
Increase in stocks
Exports of goods and services
Less: Imports of goods and services
Statistical discrepancy
Growth of Demand annual change, percent
Private consumption
Government consumption
Gross domestic capital formation
Exports of goods and services
Imports of goods and services

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific
last updated through SDBS on 30 July 2010

Investment Financing at Current Prices


Gross domestic capital formation
Gross national saving
Gross domestic saving
Net factor income from abroad
Net current transfers from abroad

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

64790
59187
68033
-9616
770

80028
73242
83644
-10913
511

91512
88371
99754
-12542
1159

97213
95629
107061
-12553
1121

118707
114177
123087
-10248
1338

145118
127894
139054
-13366
2206

163453
148098
160175
-14272
2195

199301
181326
197572
-18355
2109

160327
211025
253514
-53894
11405

125011
142439
213918
-83764
12285

309164
361181
442192
-92162
11150

371069
441794
493251
-61051
9594

389947
419338
457650
-54513
16201

515470
416512
477895
-77414
16031

552292
476712
571882
-105350
10180

695829
675218
763704
-135001
46514

848168
860754
958481
-142269
44542

984574
993228
1109057
-162485
46656

1376457
1410683
1534533
-175865
52016

1738236
1637230
1782840
-196220
50609

33.5
29.3
32.0

35.3
31.3
32.4

32.5
29.0
29.5

32.2
29.9
31.1

30.6
28.1
31.9

30.1
27.8
30.7

31.5
28.9
31.8

26.5
22.1
16.8

19.5
13.0
11.4

31.8
26.0
22.2

30.0
26.8
22.5

25.1
23.0
21.4

23.7
20.7
25.6

24.9
20.8
24.1

27.5
24.3
25.1

28.7
25.8
25.4

28.1
25.1
24.9

31.0
28.5
27.8

31.8
29.2
31.0

Savings and Investment percent of GDP at current market prices


Gross domestic saving
32.3
Gross national saving
28.1
Gross domestic capital formation
30.7
At Current Market Prices
Per capita GDP

thousand Rupiah
1176

1371

1515

1750

1995

2334

2703

3150

4741

5393

6752

7891

8616

9399

10576

12616

14991

17510

21667

24262

Per capita GNI

1122

1311

1448

1683

1942

2265

2631

3058

4474

4983

6304

7598

8359

9037

10091

12002

14352

16789

20897

23414

PRODUCTION INDEXES period averages


Agriculture 1999 2001 = 100
Manufacturing 1983 | 1993 | 2000 = 100

80.9
209.4

81.9
232.3

89.1
257.9

90.3
286.7 |

91.1
117.6

99.5
130.5

100.2
139.1

96.0
157.4

96.7
103.5

97.4
105.4

100.3
109.2 |

102.4
104.3

108.7
107.7

115.7
113.6

122.7
117.3

126.1
118.9

131.8
116.9

136.5
123.4

141.2
127.2

146.6
128.9

73071
47487
6351
27801

79605
53175
5636
30097

75683
49234
7109
34048

76274
48863
8877
34521

80274
53301
6699
35178

80521
53000
8151
36904

76250
38255
9350
39740

76000
38977
9126
44685

73315
36914
10473
45215

67588
35902
11497

70587
29226
11473

66856
32617
15397
42956

64774
29054
15880
43476

57424
26518
16817
50558

59805
23468
18930
50484

52882
21488
15650

49301
18128
14642

42641
18175
15147

48839
18235
12749

17967
15304

10532
4196
621
5674

14143
6667
673
6074

23120
15915
454
7099

27585
18717
511
7832

31238
24170
301
7871

39936
31570
644
5515

50332
31955
412
8030

55982
42134
385
6363

60321
48250
59
7674

70703
55206
198

86936
57152
140

90352
66505

103060
73125
20

114610
89022
39

126851
105630
98

152722
129044
98

181061
184009
111

174833
196065
68

1578536

1819419

1989128

2061941

2289298

2443600

2957081

2958693

3142689

3232249

3060900

2957201

3197732

2978773

2951031

2877910

2766081

2459522

1087516

1170920

1091923

1116487

1218046

1171428

1215550

1229297

1758730

1259540

1156862

1666663

27618

27614

26594

24456

23139

21271

20842

22700

ENERGY annual values


Crude petroleum thousand metric tons
Production
Exports
Imports
Consumption
Coal thousand metric tons
Production
Exports
Imports
Consumption
Natural gas terajoules
Production
Exports
Imports
Consumption
Electricity million kilowatt-hours
Production
Consumption
Retail prices Rupiah/liter
Gasoline, premium
Diesel

181570

201104 234253
109
70

28

45

132

69

19

22

49

117

336

971

500320

573499

720216

827121

828566

1027139

1362335

1385723

648146

1178357

1594647

1654685

1293274

35303
27741

37702
30419

41397
34284

45389
37938

50966
42964

54597
49629

65783
57000

70343
64295

74907
65359

84583
71735

92821
79170

101630
84501

111795
88412

113000
90440

120200
99827

107032

112610

121247

450
235

550
285

700
285

700
380

700
380

700
380

700
380

700
380

1000
420

1000
420

1150
600

1450
1150

1750
1510

1810
1650

1810
1650

4500
5180

4842
5114

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific
last updated through SDBS on 30 July 2010
1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

112.5
109.5

178.1
80.1

123.0
118.3

187.1
87.2

132.3
127.4

196.8
91.8

145.1
136.3

204.1
100.0

157.4
151.1

215.2
107.8

172.3
171.1

239.7
118.4

185.9 |
187.4 |
185.2 |
258.0
128.7

106.2
107.2
105.5
281.7 |
144.9

168.3
194.3
151.0
80.5
253.9

202.5
242.5
177.3
88.9
289.9 |

221.4
249.0
190.2
100.0
100.0

249.2
267.1
213.4
113.0
114.3

274.1 |
295.0 |
251.7 |
118.0
121.0

106.8
100.8
270.6
122.0
127.7

113.3
106.8

131.0
138.6

125.1
117.4

151.0
158.5

141.5
134.8

171.6
180.8

150.5 |
150.1 |

195.3
201.1

109.8
116.9

245.6 |
237.8

115.1

163.0
257.9

...
...
10.0
7.7

9.3
8.0
5.1
8.8

7.6
7.7
5.2
5.4

9.7
7.0
3.7
8.9

8.5
10.9
5.4
7.8

9.5
13.2
11.4
9.9

7.9
9.5
7.6
8.7

6.2
7.2
9.2
12.6

58.5
81.3
101.8
75.3

20.3
24.8
10.5
14.2

9.3
2.7
12.5
9.6

12.5
7.3
13.0
14.3

10.0
10.8
4.4
5.9

6.8
0.8
3.4
5.5

6.1
5.9
7.4
8.6

10.5
10.0
15.3
14.3

13.1
14.8
13.6
14.1

6.4
11.4
13.8
11.3

9.8
16.9
25.8
18.2

4.8

8.4

23612
9156
14456
59652
83264
16572
66692
-11992
78684

26342
9346
16996
72717
99059
23552
75507
-13582
89089

28779
11478
17301
90274
119053
30634
88419
-14873
103292

37036
14431
22605
108563
145599
30611
114988
-14069
129057

45374
18634
26740
129138
174512
25272
149240
-18828
168068

53339
21468
31871
169961
223300
32626
190674
-26300
216974

64089
22487
41602
224542
288631
50641
286740
-29056
315796

-48750

78343
28424
49919
277300
355643
67985
407301
-24931
432232

-119643

101197
41394
59803
476184
577381
141677
553928
-28030
581958

-118224

124633
58353
66280
521572
646205
129097
649833
397257
252576

-132725

145345
59540
85805
593386
738731
207581
810143
520692
289451

-278993

177731
76342
101389
666323
844054
233975
858859
529706
329153

-248780

191939
80686
111253
691969
883908
250696
899646
510350
389296

-266434

223799
94542
129257
731893
955692
271820
946711
479885
466826

-262839

245946
109028
136918
787931
1033877
253260
1139263
500318
638945

-358646

271140
123991
147149
931623
1202762
301573
1271336
495686
775650

-370147

347013
150654
196359
1035480
1382493
401710
1382767
507337
875430

-401984

450055
182967
267089
1199606
1649662
509843
1587823
507120
1080703

-448005

456787
209747
247040
1439051
1895839
593137
1800495
387248
1413247

-497793

515824
226006
289818
1625559
2141384
663635
1993933
449977
1543956

-516185

41.8
39.5

19.0
39.6

20.2
42.2

22.3
44.2

19.9
45.7

28.0
49.1

29.3
54.2

23.2
56.7

62.3
60.4

11.9
58.8

14.3
53.2

14.3
51.3

4.7
48.5

8.1
47.5

8.2
45.0

16.3
43.4

14.9
41.4

19.3
41.8

14.9
38.3

13.0
38.1

14532
46150

16752
52632

16997
67560

21987
82953

26398
98372

31530
130891

41172
174968

49543
186311

59379
358649

65147
408580

87830
444651

99716
511556

105441

125790

141619

173494

210701

259027

315728

408357

540275

513954

716942

730230

204067
193467
447481
365410

224761
244437
433127
437942

247143
296646
421290
553548

227571
284485
564054
749527

276196
336135
616802
849338

355272
443272
664318
1067673

359291
503080
819791
1398936

413672
603005
893930
1528944

15.0
19.6
18.5

22.7
22.8

17.8
18.9

13.1
14.2

13.3
13.0

17.0
16.3

16.8
16.7

17.0
15.9

36.8
28.3

14.3
22.4

8.9
13.3
12.2

9.2
16.2
15.5

9.0
13.8
15.3

5.1
8.3
10.4

4.5
7.1
7.1

4.3
10.2
11.0

4.8
10.7
11.6

3.5
7.7
8.2

3.3
10.3
10.4

3.0
7.9
9.6

GOVERNMENT FINANCE k billion Rupiah; fiscal year beginning 1 April | ending 31 December
Central Government
Total revenue and grants
39546
41585
48863
Total revenue
39546
41585
48863
Current revenue
39546
41585
48863
Taxes
37431
39098
45423
l
2115
2487
3440
Nontaxes
Capital receipts

56113
56113
56113
49168
6945

66418
66418
66418
57980
8439

80427
80427
80412
72829
7583
15

87630
87630
87630
57339
30290

112276
112276
112276
70934
41341

156470
156408
156408
102394
54014

204432 |
204432 |
204432 |
112905 |
91528 |
|

204942
204942
204942
115788
89154

301077
300600
300600
185541
115059

300186
299886
299886
210953
88933

341396
340928
340928
242048
98880

403367
403105
403105
280559
122546

495224
493919
493919
347031
146888

637987
636153
636153
409203
226950

707806
706108
706108
490989
215120

981609
979305
979305
658701
320605

870999
869992
869992
651955
218038

PRICE INDEXES period averages


d
April 1988-March 1989 | 1996 | 2002 | 2007 = 100
Consumer
Food
Nonfood
Wholesale 1983 | 2000 | 2005 = 100
Implicit GDP deflator 1993 | 2000 = 100

Price Indexes annual change, percent


Consumer price index
Food price index
Wholesale price index
Implicit GDP deflator
MONEY AND BANKING billion Rupiah; as of end of period
Money supply (M1)
Currency in circulation
e

Demand deposits
f
Quasi-money
Money supply (M2)
Foreign assets (net)
Domestic credit
Claims on government sector (net)
Claims on private sector
Claims on other financial institutions
Other items

Money supply (M2) annual change, percent


M2 percent of GDP at current market prices
Deposit Money Banks
Demand deposits
Savings deposits
Time deposits

Domestic credits outstanding

Interest Rates percent per annum; period averages


On deposits
Savings
Time:

6 months
12 months

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific
last updated through SDBS on 30 July 2010
1990

41336
41336
23145
18191

16401
-18191
-1790

1991

43372
43372
22932
20440

18653
-20440
-1787

1992

52058
52058
25799
26259

23064
-26259
-3195

1993

57833
57833
30128
27705

25985
-27705
-1720

1994

62607
62607
34008
28599

32410
-28599
3811

1995

66723
66723
36037
30686

44375
-30671
10085

1996

82221
82221
46269
35952

41361
-35952
5409

1997

109302
109302
70943
38359

41333
-38359
2974

1998
62
172669
172669
117527
55142

38881
-55142
-16199

1999
|
231880 |
231880 |
149978 |
81902 |
|
54455 |
-81902 |
-27447 |

2000

219936
219936
177342
42594

27600
-42594
-14993

2001
477
341562
341562
218923
122639

81677
-122639
-40485

2002
300
327863
327863
189069
138794

110817
-138794
-27677

2003
468
376505
376505
307258
69247

33670
-69247
-35109

2004
262
427176
427176
365726
61450

37379
-61450
-23809

2005
1305
509632
509632
476744
32889

17176
-32889
-14408

2006
1834
667129
667129
612177
54952

23976
-54952
-29142

2007
1698
757650
757650
693361
64289

12747
-64289
-49844

2008
2304
985731
985731
912958
72773

66347
-72773
-4121

-2
1792

-2
1789

551
2634

1852
-132

-1495
-2316

-8408
-1677

-4392
-1017

-4281
1307

1634
20998
-6433

|
29388 |
-1941 |

18900
9554
-13461

30218
10267

20561
7116
0

34562
548
0

51866
-28057

21393
-10272
3287

55982
-26567
-274

69032
-26576
7387

102478 142569
-18406 -12724
-79950

Government Finance percent of GDP at current market prices


Total revenue
18.8
Taxes
17.8
Total expenditure
19.6
Overall budgetary surplus/deficit
-0.8

16.6
15.6
17.4
-0.7

17.3
16.1
18.4
-1.1

17.0
14.9
17.5
-0.5

17.4
15.2
16.4
1.0

17.7
16.0
14.7
3.0

16.5
10.8
15.4
1.0

17.9
11.3
17.4
0.5

16.4
10.7
18.1
-1.7

18.6
10.3
21.1
-2.5

14.7
8.3
15.8
-1.1

18.3
11.3
20.7
-2.5

16.5
11.6
18.0
-1.5

16.9
12.0
18.7
-1.7

17.6
12.2
18.6
-1.0

17.8
12.5
18.4
-0.5

19.1
12.3
20.0
-0.9

17.9
12.4
19.2
-1.3

19.8
13.3
19.9
-0.1

15.5
11.6
17.8
-2.3

Expenditure by Function, Central Government billion Rupiah; fiscal year beginning 1 April | ending 31 December
Total
38720
41319
52200
54983
61866
General public services
19642
19343
25233
26010
13178
q
3158
3457
4071
4282
5526
Defense
Education
3512
4053
5076
5479
6045
Health
938
1145
1263
1497
2011
r

3259
Social security and welfare
Housing and community amenities
685
810
1062
870
11041
Economic services
10505
12219
14227
15034
19358
Agriculture
2959
3274
3784
3694
11903
Industry
746
760
905
627
725
Electricity, gas, and water
1708
2288
3044
3232
225
Transport and communications
3846
4027
4668
5344
5230
Other economic services
1246
1870
1826
2136
1275
s
281
292
350
445
1448
Others

66723
14325
6704
6042
1723
4153
13699
14125
6290
1004
355
5086
1390
1610

77964
19213
7994
7040
1962
5643
15819
18431
9729
1055
536
5720
1391
1862

112893
47412
9063
8531
2435
7125
17316
18740
8839
1065
1150
6317
1369
2271

174099
88446
12035
11918
3889
9220
23435
22164
11511
639
1136
6395
2481
2992

225874 |
120920 |
13029 |
14349 |
5186 |
12006 |
33787 |
23250 |
8610 |
656 |
2895 |
5580 |
5509 |
3347 |

359038
272493
18073
13433
4542
30766
4726
12747
4652
2382
1146
3709
858
2257

323182
238126
21585
13264
3747
21164
4550
18448
9048
1536
828
5460
1576
2299

395953
279036
29992
20887
7316
21300
4971
29709
11461
3896
1299
9784
3269
2742

447305
331296
32591
17741
6174
25245
3784
27857
10959
2047
3330
8820
2701
2619

EXTERNAL TRADE million US Dollars; calendar year


Exports, fob
Imports, cif
Trade balance

Grants m
Total expenditure and net lending
Total expenditure
Current expenditure
n

Capital expenditure
Net lending
Current surplus/deficit
Capital account surplus/deficit
Overall budgetary surplus/deficit
Financing
Domestic borrowing
Foreign borrowing
Use of cash balances

External Trade
Exports
Imports
Direction of Trade
Exports, total
1. Japan
2. United States
3. Singapore

25675
21837
3838

29142
25870
3272

33967
27305
6662

36823
28328
8495

40053
31984
8070

45418
40629
4789

49815
42929
6886

53444
41680
11764

48848
27337
21511

48665
24003
24662

62124
33515
28609

56321
30962
25359

57159
31229
25930

62527
33086
29441

69714
46180
23534

85660
57701
27959

100690
61078
39612

114100
74473
39627

15.9
33.5

13.5
18.5

16.6
5.5

8.4
3.7

8.8
12.9

13.4
27.0

9.7
5.7

7.3
-2.9

-8.6
-34.4

-0.4
-12.2

27.7
39.6

-9.3
-7.6

1.5
0.9

9.4
5.9

11.5
39.6

22.9
24.9

17.5
5.9

13.3
21.9

25690
10923
3365
1902

29200
10767
3509
2410

33998
10761
4419
3314

36857
11172
5230
3372

40085
10929
5829
4150

45479
12288
6322
3767

49910
12885
6795
4565

53454
12485
7154
5468

48863
9116
7046
5718

48671
10397
6908
4931

62139
14415
8489
6562

56336
13010
7761
5364

57169
12045
7570
5349

61075
13604
7386
5400

71588
15962
8787
6001

85660
18049
9889
7837

100842
21732
11259
8930

114112
23633
11644
10502

2009
1007
1000844
1000844
927462
73382

-57470
-73382
-129845

137020 116510
129244
96829
7776
19681

annual change, percent


20.1
73.5

-15.0
-25.1

million US Dollars; calendar year


137022 112551
27744
19834
13080
12410
12862
12962

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific
last updated through SDBS on 30 July 2010
4. China, People's Republic of
5. Korea, Republic of
6. Malaysia
7. India
8. Australia
9. Thailand
10. Netherlands

1990
834
1363
253
60
403
189
723

1991
1191
1948
342
56
628
267
838

1992
1396
2083
488
70
746
353
1100

1993
1249
2220
586
100
774
468
1086

1994
1322
2593
738
278
705
401
1323

1995
1742
2917
987
381
915
703
1452

1996
2057
3281
1110
531
1202
823
1667

1997
2229
3462
1357
690
1517
848
1842

1998
1832
2568
1358
723
1533
943
1512

1999
2009
3320
1336
924
1485
813
1544

2000
2768
4318
1972
1151
1519
1026
1837

2001
2201
3772
1779
1054
1845
1064
1498

2002
2903
4107
2030
1302
1924
1227
1618

2003
3803
4324
2364
1742
1792
1393
1401

2004
4605
4830
3016
2171
1887
1976
1798

2005
6662
7086
3431
2878
2228
2246
2234

2006
8344
7694
4111
3391
2771
2702
2518

2007
9676
7583
5096
4944
3395
3054
2749

Imports, total
1. Singapore
2. China, People's Republic of
3. Japan
4. Malaysia
5. United States
6. Korea, Republic of
7. Thailand
8. Saudi Arabia
9. Australia
10. Germany

22005
1283
653
5455
290
2520
992
184
335
1206
1527

25929
1698
835
6327
407
3397
1439
278
837
1378
2067

27280
1671
752
6014
525
3822
1894
345
852
1413
2141

28328
1793
936
6248
517
3255
2103
235
351
1399
2072

32041
1877
1369
7740
579
3588
2166
406
680
1542
2473

40630
2367
1495
9217
2595
4756
2451
737
943
2016
2819

42902
2875
1598
8504
823
5060
2411
1095
665
2535
3001

41717
3411
1518
8252
865
5444
2322
867
588
2427
2629

27362
2543
906
4292
627
3523
1528
842
515
1761
2366

24004
2526
1242
2913
606
2841
1330
933
971
1460
1399

33518
3789
2022
5397
1131
3393
2083
1109
1598
1694
1245

30964
3147
1843
4689
1005
3210
2209
986
1314
1814
1301

31293
4100
2427
4409
1037
2644
1647
1191
1104
1587
1224

32556
4155
2957
4228
1138
2702
1528
1702
1498
1648
1181

46528
6083
4101
6082
1682
3236
1943
2772
1967
2215
1734

57714
9471
5843
6906
2149
3886
2869
3447
2712
2567
1781

61073
10035
6637
5516
3193
4066
2876
2983
3384
2986
1457

74484
9840
8558
6527
6412
4798
3197
4287
3373
3004
1982

129274 116990
21790
28733
15249
14951
15129
10267
8923
7111
7898
5617
6926
6948
6336
5123
4805
3208
4005
3629
3069
2281

-2988
5352
26807
-21455
-8758
2897
-11655
418
166
252

4495
1093
-93
3495
744
2251

-2251

-4260
4801
29635
-24834
-9323
3739
-13062
262
130
132

5697
1482
-12
4227
91
1528

-1528

-2780
7022
33796
-26774
-10373
4209
-14582
571
342
229

6129
1777
1122
3230
-1606
1743

-1743

-2107
8231
36607
-28376
-10875
5149
-16024
537
346
191

5771
2003
1805
1963
-2923
741
1
-741

-2790
7901
40223
-32322
-11310
6072
-17382
619
449
170

3559
1500
3877
-1818
-243
526

-526

-6431
6533
47454
-40921
-13945
6775
-20720
981
651
330

10140
3742
4100
2298
-2193
1516
-3
-1513

-7660 |
5948 |
50188 |
-44240 |
-14545 |
7810 |
-22355 |
937 |
796 |
141 |
|
10789 |
5594 |
5005 |
190 |
1322 |
4451 |
|
-4451 |

-5001
10074
56298
-46223
-15800

725
725

-495
4677
-2632
-2540
-1453
-6949

6949

4097
18428
50370
-31942
-15471
6389
-21860
1139
1466
-327

-9633
-241
-1878
-7514
2123
-3417

3417

5783
20642
51242
-30598
-16425
6490
-22915
1564
1914
-350

-5943
-1865
-1792
-2286
2080
1919

-1919

7991
25043
65406
-40366
-18374
7672
-26046
1324
1816
-492

-7896
-4551
-1911
-1434
3822
3918

-3918

6900
22696
57364
-34669
-16731
7504
-24235
935
1520
-585

-7618
-2977
-245
-4396
714
-3

7822
23513
59165
-35652
-17429
7981
-25410
1740
2210
-470

-1103
145
1222
-2470
-1692
5027

-5027

8106
24563
64109
-39546
-18325
6347
-24672
1869
2053
-184

-950
-597
2251
-2604
-3503
3653

-3653

1564
20152
70767
-50615
-19728
14040
-33769
1139
2433
-1294
...
1852
-1512
4409
-1045
-3106
309

-309

278
17534
86995
-69462
-22049
15264
-37313
4793
5993
-1200
333
12
5271
4190
-9449
-179
444

-444

10859
29660
103528
-73868
-23663
14107
-37771
4863
6079
-1216
350
2675
2188
4277
-3791
625
14510

-14510

10492
32754
118014
-85260
-27366
15956
-43322
5104
6801
-1697
546
3045
2253
5566
-4775
-1368
12715

-12715

125
10582
22916
35198
139606 119514
-116690 -84315
-28153 -29487
18838
15654
-46992 -45141
5363
4871
7352
7238
-1989
-2367
295
96
-2169
3577
3418
2313
1721
10104
-7309
-8839
-195
-1748
-1944
12507

1944 -12507

Balance of Payments percent of GDP at current market prices


Exports
23.4
Imports
-18.8
Balance on goods
4.7
Current account balance
-2.6
Overall balance
2.0

23.1
-19.4
3.7
-3.3
1.2

24.3
-19.2
5.0
-2.0
1.3

23.2
-18.0
5.2
-1.3
0.5

22.7
-18.3
4.5
-1.6
0.3

23.5
-20.2
3.2
-3.2
0.8

22.1
-19.5
2.6
-3.4
2.0

26.1
-21.4
4.7
-2.3
-3.2

52.8
-33.5
19.3
4.3
-3.6

36.6
-21.9
14.7
4.1
1.4

39.6
-24.5
15.2
4.8
2.4

35.8
-21.6
14.1
4.3
-0.0

30.2
-18.2
12.0
4.0
2.6

27.3
-16.8
10.5
3.5
1.6

27.6
-19.7
7.8
0.6
0.1

30.4
-24.3
6.1
0.1
0.2

28.4
-20.3
8.1
3.0
4.0

27.3
-19.7
7.6
2.4
2.9

27.3
-22.9
4.5
0.0
-0.4

22.1
-15.6
6.5
2.0
2.3

INTERNATIONAL RESERVES million US Dollars; as of end of period


Total
8520

10250

11394

12354

13199

14787

19281

17396

23517

27257

29268

28018

32047

36253

36303

34731

42588

56925

51641

66119

t
million US Dollars; calendar year
BALANCE OF PAYMENTS
Current account
Balance on goods
Exports
Imports
Services and income
Credit
Debit
Current transfers
Private | Credit
Official | Debit
Capital account
Financial account
Direct investment
Portfolio investment
Other investment
Net errors and omissions
Overall balance
Allocation/cancellation of SDR
Reserves and related items

2008
11637
9117
6433
7163
4111
3661
3926

2009
8505
5929
4494
4659
3637
3483
2536

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific
last updated through SDBS on 30 July 2010
1990
1061
7353
103
3

1991
992
9151
104
4

1992
946
10181
267
0

1993
1092
10988
274
0

1994
1067
11820
312
0

1995
1079
13306
401
1

1996
1030
17820
429
2

1997
809
16088
0
499

1998
803
22401
0
312

1999
812
26245
200
0

2000
766
28280
190
32

2001
772
27048
183
16

2002
1077
30754
198
19

2003
1291
34742
216
4

2004
1351
34724
226
2

2005
1590
32926
208
7

2006
1485
40866
219
18

2007
1948
54737
230
9

2008
2044
49339
224
34

2009
2556
60572
228
2763

1901
1843

1992
1950

2062
2030

2110
2087

2200
2161

2308
2249

2383
2342

4650
2909

8025
10014

7085
7855

9595
8422

10400
10261

8940
9311

8465
8577

9290
8939

9830
9705

9020
9159

9419
9141

10950
9699

9400
10390

69872
58242
47982
10261
11135
494

79548
65067
51891
13176
14315
166

88002
69945
53664
16281
18057

89172
71185
57156
14029
17987

107835
88378
63937
24441
19457

124413
98446
65323
33123
25966

129009
96778
60084
36694
32230

136339
100504
56035
44469
32865
2970

151484
122282
67553
54728
20113
9090

151479
121201
73937
47265
20029
10248

143358
110832
69663
41169
21688
10838

132057
102913
68507
34405
20031
9113

127800
101312
71286
30026
17626
8861

133434
103681
73928
29754
19477
10276

137092
105382
71835
33546
22024
9686

146266
121286
71747
49539
17173
7807

132512
111965
67143
44822
20547

142638
115182
68799
46384
27456

150851
124286
76904
47383
26565

64.0
83.4
15.9
33.3

71.6
81.8
18.0
34.2

72.2
79.5
20.5
32.6

58.7
79.8
20.2
33.6

62.6
82.0
18.0
30.7

63.4
79.1
20.9
29.9

58.3
75.0
25.0
36.6

65.1
73.7
24.1
30.0

168.2
80.7
13.3
31.7

117.1
80.0
13.2
30.0

93.0
77.3
15.1
22.4

85.5
77.9
15.2
23.5

67.3
79.3
13.8
24.7

59.1
77.7
14.6
25.7

55.9
76.9
16.1
23.7

53.8
82.9
11.7
15.4

38.0
84.5
15.5
23.1

34.4
80.8
19.2
16.3

30.4
82.4
17.6
13.4

Debt service million US Dollars; transactions during the year


Principal repayments on long-term debt
Interest on long-term debt
Interest on short-term debt

5812
3413
506

6537
3769
816

7781
3771
737

9138
4111
840

8951
4174
1142

10200
4937
1284

14898
5116
1533

13013
5118
1610

11205
5603
1324

11713
4600
989

9269
5674
1157

7853
4538
863

10518
3119
600

12896
3407
638

14619
3914
731

11274
2963
859

15942
3180
1027

16680
4752
1373

16573
4249
1328

16300
4598

Average terms of new commitments


Interest percent per annum
Maturity years
Grace period years
Grant element percent

6.0
21.7
5.9
29.3

6.0
20.9
5.4
27.6

5.8
21.6
5.2
29.2

5.5
20.4
5.0
29.9

5.2
20.7
5.5
31.9

5.7
18.2
5.1
27.2

5.5
19.7
6.0
30.1

5.5
18.5
4.6
27.3

4.4
19.8
5.1
35.7

3.4
18.4
5.5
41.8

4.2
19.0
6.0
39.7

3.8
27.1
3.5
43.6

3.3
21.0
4.2
41.8

2.3
22.6
3.4
48.4

3.4
18.5
6.4
42.5

5.6
18.5
10.0
29.2

5.5
23.6
12.3
34.0

4.0
25.0
12.5
44.6

4.5
19.9
12.3
36.9

Gold, national valuation


Foreign exchange
Reserve position in the Fund
SDRs
EXCHANGE RATES Rupiah per US Dollar
End of period
Average of period
EXTERNAL INDEBTEDNESS million US Dollars; as of end of year
Total debt outstanding and disbursed
Long-term debt
Public and publicly guaranteed
Private nonguaranteed
Short-term debt
Use of IMF credit
External debt percent of GNI
Total long-term debt percent of total debt
Short-term debt percent of total debt
Debt service percent of exports of goods and services

a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p

Projections based on census/survey figures except for 1990 and 2000, which are actual population census figures, and 1995, which is the actual figure from the intercensal
population survey.
Includes ownership of dwellings.
Derived from balance of payments data.
For 19901996, data refer to CPI for 27 cities; 19972002, 43 cities; 20032007, 45 cities; and for 2008 onward, 66 cities.
Refers to current accounts, transfer, and mature time and savings deposits in Rupiah held by residents with the monetary system.
Figures for 2004 onward include securities other than shares.
Includes import deposits and other items (net).
Shown in the consolidated balance sheets of commercial banks.
Refers to claims of the public sector, private enterprises, and individuals.
Refers to time deposits in deposit money banks (weighted average).
For 2000, data cover 9 months beginning 1 April to 31 December.
Includes surplus on petroleum sales until 1996.
Prior to 1996, grants were included in foreign borrowings.
For 2001, data include balanced funds amounting to Rp82400.4 billion.
Figures exclude nonbudgetary surplus/deficit, hence the item refers to overall budgetary surplus/deficit. Data for net lending are not available but for fiscal year 1995/1996, item
refers to overall surplus/deficit after deducting net lending.
Refers to surplus/deficit financing.

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific
last updated through SDBS on 30 July 2010
q
r
s
t

1990
1991
1992
Includes public order and safety.
Includes environmental protection.
Includes tourism and culture and religion.
Data prior to 1997 followed the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual 4 (BPM4) and BPM5 thereafter.

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

Sources:
Population

Urban Population

Labor Force
Labor Force Participation Rate

National Accounts

Production Indexes
Agriculture
Manufacturing

Energy
Crude Petroleum

For 19901999, 20022009, Official communication, 3 May 2010; past communication. Central Bureau of
Statistics.
For 20002001, Official communication, 2 May 2005; past communication. Bank Indonesia.
Official communication, 22 June 2007; Official website (www.bps.go.id); Welfare Indicators, 1999; past issues.
Central Bureau of Statistics.
Official communication, 3 May 2010; past communication. Central Bureau of Statistics.
For 1990 and 1994, Statistik Dalam 50 Tahun Indonesia Merdeka 1995 . Central Bureau of Statistics.

Official communication, 3 May 2010; past communication; National Income of Indonesia , 19961999. Central
Bureau of Statistics.

Official communication on provisional estimates, 4 August 2010. Food and Agriculture Organization.

Official communication, 3 May 2010; past communication; Official website (www.bps.go.id); Economic Indicators ,
February 1999; past issues. Central Bureau of Statistics.

For 19901997, Official communication, 1 April 1998. Bank Indonesia.


For 19982009, Official communication, 3 May 2010; past communication. Central Bureau of Statistics.

Consumption:
For 20012004, Energy Statistical Yearbook 2004 . United Nations.
Coal

Official communication, 3 May 2010; past communication. Central Bureau of Statistics.

Natural Gas

For 19901995, Energy Statistical Yearbook 1995 ; past issues. United Nations.
For 19962009, Official communication, 28 April 2009; past communication. Central Bureau of Statistics.

Consumption:
For 19901995, 1998, and 20012004, Energy Statistical Yearbook 2004 ; past issues. United Nations.
Electricity

For 19901996, Official communication, 23 May 2001; past communication. Bank Indonesia.
For 19972002 and 20052007, Official communication, 3 May 2010; past communication; Official website
(www.bps.go.id). Central Bureau of Statistics.
For 20032004, Official website (www.pertamina.com). PT PLN (Persero).

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific
last updated through SDBS on 30 July 2010
Retail Prices

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
For 19902001, Official communication, 2 May 2005; past communication. Central Bureau of Statistics.

1999

For 20022006, Official website (www.pertamina.com). PT Pertamina (Persero).


Price Indexes

For 19901995 and 19982009, Official communication, 3 May 2010; past communication; Official website
(www.bps.go.id); Statistical Yearbook 1998; past issues. Central Bureau of Statistics.
For 19961997, Official communication, 30 April 2002. Bank Indonesia.

Money and Banking

Official communication, 21 April 2010. Bank Indonesia.

Government Finance

For 19901994 and 19962009, Official communication, 21 April 2010; past communication. Bank Indonesia.
For 1995, Official communication, 9 April 1999. Central Bureau of Statistics.

Expenditure by Function

External Trade

Direction of Trade

Government Finance Statistics (www2.imfstatistics.org/GFS, downloaded June 2010). International Monetary


Fund.
Official communication, 3 May 2010; past communication; Economic Indicators , February 1999; past issues.
Central Bureau of Statistics.
Direction of Trade Statistics (www2.imfstatistics.org/DOT/, downloaded May 2010). International Monetary Fund.

Balance of Payments

For 19901991, Balance of Payment Statistics CDROM, May 2001. International Monetary Fund.
For 19922009, Official communication, 21 April 2010; past communication. Bank Indonesia.

International Reserves
Exchange Rates

International Financial Statistics (www.imfstatistics.org/IMF/imfbrowser.aspx, downloaded May 2010). International


Monetary Fund.

External Indebtedness

World Development Indicators & Global Development Finance (databank.worldbank.org/ddp/home.do,


downloaded May 2010). World Bank.

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009