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You are on page 1of 11

TN180_stress_check_12

102905

1.0 OBJECTIVE

This example illustrates how you can verify the stresses and other design values reported by Floor-Pro.

It presents the input data and the results obtained from a column supported floor system, followed by

steps to take for their verification.

The plan view and other characteristics of the floor system selected are shown in Figs. 2.1-1 through

2.1-3. Two design sections are selected for verification. One is through a region of the slab that

includes the opening (design section 1205) 1. The other is through the beam (design section 2202).

Results of the following two sections are verified (Fig. 2.1-4). In both instances, the sections selected

do not meet the requirements of the design code (ACI-318-02). This is indicated by the broken lines

(shown in violet in color prints) in Fig. 2.1-4.

1

Note the convention used for definition of design sections. The first digit refers to the support line, the second to

the span and the last two to the design section from the beginning of the span. For example, design section 3412

means the third support line, fourth span and the twelfth section.

E-Mail support@adaptsoft.com

1733 Woodside Road, Suite 220, Redwood City, California, 94061, USA, Tel: (650) 306-2400 Fax (650) 306 2401

Technical Note

2

Technical Note

IN X-DIRECTION

The section properties of the design sections are reported in two input data tables (Tables 2.2-1 and

2.2-2). These tables can be viewed, printed or appended to your compiled report. The tables included

in this writing are truncated by removing the rows that are not relevant to the current verification. The

tables are:

Design section geometry as identified by the program, and idealized if need be.

• Data Table 152.2

This table reports the properties of the section, such as centroid, area, and moment of inertia as

calculated and used by the program. The program calculates the centroid of the design section

and determines the section properties with respect to the calculated centroid, where applicable.

3

Technical Note

Design Strip: Support Line 1

Design Section b1 d1 b2 d2 b3 d3

ft ft ft ft ft ft

1204 18.25 0.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

1205 15.00 0.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

1206 18.25 0.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Design Section b1 d1 b2 d2 b3 d3

ft ft ft ft ft ft

2201 18.25 2.50 1.00 0.79 0.00 0.00

2202 18.25 2.50 1.00 0.79 0.00 0.00

2203 18.25 2.50 1.00 0.79 0.00 0.00

Design Strip: Support Line 1

Design Section Start(x,y) End(x,y) Centroid Area I Ytop Ybot

(local x,z)

Ft ft Ft in2 in4 in in

1204 (65.20,36.50) (65.20,18.25) (9.13,9.60) 2080.52 15646.54 4.75 4.75

1205 (68.25,36.50) (68.25,18.25) (7.50,9.60) 1709.92 12860.25 4.75 4.75

1206 (71.30,36.50) (71.30,18.25) (9.13,9.60) 2080.52 15646.54 4.75 4.75

Design Section Start(x,y) End(x,y) Centroid Area I Ytop Ybot

(local x,z)

Ft ft Ft in2 in4 in in

2201 (56.80,18.25) (56.80,0.00) (9.13,9.47) 2326.50 73772.68 6.34 23.66

2202 (60.60,18.25) (60.60,0.00) (9.13,9.47) 2326.50 73772.68 6.34 23.66

2203 (64.40,18.25) (64.40,0.00) (9.13,9.47) 2326.50 73772.68 6.34 23.66

4

Technical Note

The “Start” and “End” columns list the coordinates of the beginning and end of a design section. The

“Centroid” column gives the distance of the centroid of the design section along its length from the start

of the section. The following is the verification of the properties of the two sections selected:

• Section 1205

This is a rectangular section with the following dimensions:

b = 15 ft

d1 = 0.79 ft (9.5 in.)

From Table 2.2-2 the actual length of the design section is given by:

However, since 3.252 ft of the design section falls within an opening, the “idealized” section is

only 15 ft. The cross-sectional area and other properties of the section are determined using the

solid part of the cross-section.

Moment of inertia (I) = (15*0.793/12)*124 = 12779 in4 , OK

(From Table 2.2-2 I = 12860 in4 the difference is due to using only two decimal

points in the hand calculation.)

Distance from the centroid to the top and bottom = (0.79/2)*12 = 4.74 in.

(From Table 2.2-2, distance = 4.75 in. OK)

• Section 2202

Using the section display tool of the program and an exaggerated vertical scale the geometry of

the design section is shown in Fig. 2.2-1. The dimensions of the section are:

Section depth d1 = 2.5 ft

Flange thickness d2 = 0.79 ft

Web thickness b2 = 1.00 ft

2

The distance 3.25 ft was measured from on the plan using the “measure” tool of the program and the

appropriate snap tools

5

Technical Note

From the above dimensions, the following values are obtained. The minor discrepancy is

due to the report and the hand calculation using two decimal points only.

(From Table 2.2-2 2326.50 in2 OK)

Moment of inertia I = 73777 in4

(From Table 2.2-2 I = 73773 in4 OK)

(From Table 2.2-2 Ybot = 23.66 in. OK)

(From Table 2.2-2 Ytop = 6.34 in. OK)

The integral of the calculated actions (moments, shears, axial) are listed in report Table 2.3-1 for load

combinations selected by you. In this case, the following load combinations were selected: Sustained

Load, and Strength. For each design section the program calculates three forces and three moments

referenced to the centroid of the design section. However, the table lists only the four primary actions

used in design of the section. The six actions are reported elsewhere.

154.20 DESIGN ACTIONS FOR AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED SECTIONS

Load Combination:Service(Sustained Load)

Design section Moment Shear Axial Torsion Top Bottom Centroid

Stress Stress Stress

k-ft k k k-ft psi psi psi

1204 153.270 0.479 -224.848 59.259 -666 450 -108

1205 151.508 0.901 -216.685 17.256 -798 545 -127

1206 159.761 -2.820 -234.673 -26.614 -695 469 -113

Design section Moment Shear Axial Torsion Top Bottom Centroid

Stress Stress Stress

k-ft k k k-ft psi psi psi

2201 310.513 16.032 -375.862 14.117 -481 1033 -162

2202 245.456 -24.266 -375.623 134.143 -414 783 -161

2203 166.307 -18.686 -379.291 90.957 -334 477 -163

6

Technical Note

Design section Moment Shear Axial Torsion

k-ft k K k-ft

1204 416.976 12.003 24.072 130.438

1205 434.766 2.805 28.452 0.562

1206 458.207 -9.094 21.604 -101.495

Design section Moment Shear Axial Torsion

k-ft k K k-ft

2201 389.410 105.771 -8.000 -261.872

2202 735.385 74.912 -15.472 -205.871

2203 988.670 52.693 -20.506 -140.362

Consider section 2202 through the beam for verification of stresses reported.

o Area = 2326.50 in.

o Moment of inertia = 73772.68 in4

o Distance to bottom fiber = 23.66 in.

o Moment = 245.456 k-ft (tension at bottom)

o Axial = -375.623 k (compression)

= -161.45 + 944.66 = 783.21 psi (tension)

(ADAPT -> 783 psi from Table 2.3-1 OK)

(ADAPT -> 161 psi from Table 2.3-1 OK)

Reinforcement is provided for service condition and strength. The results are reported in Table 2.5-1.

Herein, the reinforcement required for strength condition of design section 1205 is verified.

7

Technical Note

156.20 DESIGN SECTION REBAR FOR AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED SECTIONS

<Bending rebar>

Design section As top As bot Top bar Bottom

bar

In2 in2

1204 0.00 6.30 0#5 8#8

1205 0.00 6.30 0#5 8#8

1206 0.00 6.56 0#5 9#8

<Bending rebar>

Design section As top As bot Top bar Bottom

bar

In2 in2

2201 4.46 0.00 41#3 0#3

2202 0.00 0.00 0#3 0#3

2203 0.00 0.00 0#3 0#3

2204 0.00 2.76 0#3 26#3

<Bending rebar>

Design section As top As bot Top bar Bottom

bar

in2 in2

1204 0.00 7.39 0#5 10#8

1205 0.00 8.04 0#5 11#8

1206 0.00 8.33 0#5 11#8

<Bending rebar> <Shear rebar>

Design section As top As bot Top bar Bottom Av U-Strip

bar spacing

in2 in2 in2/ft in

2201 0.00 2.45 0#3 23#3 0.15 17.87

2202 0.00 2.15 0#3 20#3 0.20 13.21

2203 0.00 1.91 0#3 18#3 0.16 16.82

Reinforcement reported by ADAPT is 8.04 in2 at bottom for design section 1205

• Geometry of section

b = 15 (ft) * 12 = 180 in.

h = 9.50 in.

• Material

8

Technical Note

Concrete f’c = 5000 psi

PT fpu = 270 ksi

fse = 26.7*1000/0.153 = 175 ksi

CGS = 1.08 in. 3

Rebar 60 ksi

Rebar cover 1.50 in.

Rebar size #8 (1 in. diameter)

• Reinforcement

PT = 9 strands * 0.153 = 1.377 in2 (from input data )

Rebar = 8.04 in2 (from report of Table 2.5-1)

• Design moment

Mu = 434.766 k-ft

• Verification

o Determine ultimate stress in prestressing (fps)

Span 33 ft

Depth 9.5 in. (0.79 ft)

Span/depth ration = 33/0.79 = 41 > 35, hence use

fps = fse + 10 + f’c/(300 ρp) < fse + 30 (Eqn 18-5 of ACI-318)

ρp = Aps/b*dp

dp = 9.5 – 1.08 = 8.42 in.

fps = 175 + 10 + 5/( 300 * 9.09x10-4 ) = 203.34 ksi <175 + 30 = 205 ksi OK

= 279.99 + 482.40 = 762.39 k

3

The location of the strands are measured from the cross-sectional geometry of the design section using the

“Create a Cut at Specified Location” and “Measure” tools of the program. The dimension is given in ft.

9

Technical Note

The design moment (Mu) is 434.766 k-ft. The difference between the hand calculation (419.66) and the

required value from the program (434.766) is 3.5%. The apparent discrepancy is due to the fact that the

program’s computation is based on “strain compatibility,” whereas the above verification was carried out

using the simple code formulas. Using strain compatibility, the stresses calculated for the prestressing

strands are generally higher. This leads to a smaller value for the required rebar, as reported in Table

2.5-1.

The summary report generated for each of the design strips and shown as an example for design strip

1 lists the critical stresses, along with the envelope of the reinforcement required and provided.

10

Technical Note

SUPPORT LINE 1

Stress Diagrams Stress Diagrams

Project: General name / Support Line 1 / Load Case: Service(Sustained Load) Project: General name / Support Line 1 / Load Case: Service(Sustained Load)

1.00 x Selfweight + 1.00 x Dead load + 0.30 x Live load + 1.00 x Prestressing 1.00 x Selfweight + 1.00 x Dead load + 0.30 x Live load + 1.00 x Prestressing

Tensile Stress Positive Tensile Stress Positive

0

500

-100

400

-200

300

-300

Stress [psi]

Stress [psi]

200

-400

-500 100

-600 0

-700 -100

-800 -200

Span 1 Span 2 Span 3 Span 1 Span 2 Span 3

(a) Max tension 64.8 psi, Allowable 530.1 psi (b) Max tension 888.8 psi, Allowable 530.1 psi

Max compression -1136.7 psi, Allowable -2250.0 psi Max compression -289.6 psi, Allowable -2250.0 psi

DESIGN STRIP SERVICE COMBINATION STRESSES

(Tension stress positive)

Moment Diagrams

Project: General name / Support Line 1 / Load Case: Strength(Dead and Live)

1.20 x Selfweight + 1.20 x Dead load + 1.60 x Live load + 1.00 x Hyperstatic

Moment Drawn on Tension Side

-100

100

Moment [k-ft]

200

300

400

500

Span 1 Span 2 Span 3

(Moment is drawn on the tension side)

Rebar Diagrams

Project: General name / Support Line 1 / Load Case: Envelope

0.0

-2.5

Rebar [in²]

-5.0

-7.5

-10.0

-12.5

Span 1 Span 2 Span 3

REQUIRED AND PROVIDED

11

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