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.

230100

2011


1. .................................................................................3
1.1. , , ...............................................................................3
1.2. , .........................5
2. - .............................................................8
2.1. .............................................................................................................8
2.2. ...................................................................................................15
3. - ..........................................................21
3.1. ...........................................................................................................21
3.2. ...................................................................................................22
4. ..............................................................26
4.1. ......................................................................................26
4.2. ...............................................................................28
4.3. ....................................................................29
4.4. ..............................................................................................31
4.5. ................................................................................34
5. ...............................................................................40
5.1. ...........................................................................................................40
5.2. ...............................................................................................41
5.3. .................................................................................................46
5.4. ....................................................................................................................51
.........................................................................................................................56

1.
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8
10
12
14
16
18
24

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110
27.5
430


192
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10
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1.24
124
1.62
311
31.1
405
77.7
7.77
101
19.4
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25.3
4.86
486
6.32
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121
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, 108 ( MAXIM http://www.maxim-ic.com) 1,5


1 .
. , N- 2N-1
2N . (
) . 108, ,
4 .
Atmel. . 3.2 .
3.2
Device
AT84AD004B
AT84AD001B
AT84AS003
AT84AS004
TS83102G0B
TS83102G0B MGS
AT84AS008
AT84AS001
EV8AQ160

Resol

SAR

IB

ENOB

PD

8bit
8bit
10bit
10bit
10bit
10- bit
10bit

500 Msps
1 Gsps
1.5 Gsps
2 Gsps
2 Gsps
2 Gsps
2.2 Gsps

1 GHz
1.5 GHz
3 GHz
3 GHz
3.3 GHz
3.3 GHz
3.3 GHz

7 bit
7.4bit
>8bit
7.8bit
8bit
8bit
>8bit

2
2
1
1
1
1
1

1.4W
1.4W
6.5W
6.5W
4.6W
4.6W
4.2W

12bit
8bit

500 Msps
5Gsps

1.5 GHz
2.5 GHz

12bit
7.5bit

1
4

2.3W
3.9W

P
LQFP144
LQFP144
EBGA317
EBGA317
CBGA 152
CI-CGA152
CI-CGA 152,
CBGA 152
EBGA192
EBGA380

:
IB Input Bandwidth, C Channels, SAR Sampling Rate, PD Power Dissipation, P Package.


, (. 2.11).
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:
N = 2n.
f(x1, 2 ....n ) :
P = 2N.
(N = 21=2,
= 22 = 4), (N = 22=4, = 24 = 16).

. . 3.21
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( , (&), )
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4.2

4.2.
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) x + x = 1 ;
) x x = 0 .

:
x1 x2 = x1 + x .
) x1 x2 = x1 + x2 ;
x1 + x2 = x1 x2 .
) x1 + x2 = x1 x2 ;

:
) x1 ( x2 x3 ) = ( x1 x2 ) x3 ;
x1 + ( x2 + x3 ) = ( x1 + x2 ) + x3 ;
) x1 x2 = x2 x1 ; x1 + x2 = x2 + x1 ;
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)
x1 + x2 x3 = ( x1 + x2 ) ( x1 + x3 ) .
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( x1 + x2 ) ( x1 + x3 ) = x1 + x2 x1 + x2 x3 .
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2-
(2-).
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2- (. 4.1).

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4.6

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4.5.

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p = n a b,
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(4.2)

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.

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5.
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(Q) ( Q ),
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Q n +1 = F ( X 1n , X 2n ,..., X pn , Q n ) ,
n
Q n +1 (n+1)- ; X i
n- ; Q n n- .
, , ,
Q .
. 5.1, .

. 5.1. () ()

(. . 4.39.) ()
() .

().

.
, ,
() .

.

5.2.

(. . 4.39, ),
.
S (set ), (Q = 1).
R (reset )
(Q = 0).

.
(),
Q n Q n +1 .
(. 5.1) ,
.
5.1
Sn

Rn

Qn

Q n +1

0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1

0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
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X

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Rn = 0), ( Q n +1 =0 , Q n = 0 , Q n +1 =1 ,
Q n =1 ). Sn = 1 Q ,
. Sn = 1,
Rn = 0 Q n +1 =1 . ,
Q n = 0 , , Q n =1 ,
. Rn = 1 Q ,
.
Sn = 0, Rn = 1 Qn+1 = 0. ,

Q n =1 . , Q n = 0 ,
.
Sn = 1, Rn = 1
.
,
Qn+1 X.

(. . 4.1) ,
. 5.2, . Qn+l.
, ,
, , , - .

. 5.2. () ()
, Sn = 1,
Rn = 1, . ,
.
. 5.2,
Qn+1, ,
, .
,
,
.

Qn+1
. :
RS- ( R S -), RS - (RS), E-. JK - (. . 5.2, ).
R S -

Qn+1 "11" (. . 4.40,6).


RS - . 5.3, .
R S -,
.5.3, . . , (),
, Q n +1 =1 , Sn = 1, Qn R.
, (), , Q n +1 =1 , Qn =
1 R = 0, Sn.

. 5.3. (), - ()
R S - ()
, ,
R S -
-

R S -
-.
R S -
. 4.41 . 4.41, .
R S -,
-,
Sn = Rn = 1,
. ,
R S -, .
RS-
Qn+1 00 (. . 5.2, ). RS-
. 5.4, .

. 5.4. (), - ()
() RS-
RS-.
. 5.4, . .
, (), , Qn+1 = 1,
Sn= 1 Rn= 0 , Qn. , ().
, Qn+1 = 1, Qn = 1 R n = 0.
, .
RS-

-

RS -.
RS- . 5.4,
5.4, .
RS-,
-.
Sn = Rn = 1,
. ,
. -. .
- (extension - )
Qn+1 01 (. . 5.2, ).
E- .5.5, .

. 5.5. (), - ()
() -
E-.
. 5.5, . . , (),
, Qn+1 = 1,, Sn=1 Rn= 0, Q. .
(), , Qn+1 = 1, Qn = 1 Sn = 1,
Rn. , () , Qn+1 = 1,
Qn = 1 Rn= 0 Sn.
, ,
E-
-

E-
-. E-
. 5.5, 5.5, .

E- ,
-. ,
.
JK- (jump, keep , )
Qn+1 10 (. .
5.2, ). JK- . 5.6, .

. 5.6. (), (, ) ()
JK-
JK-,
. 5.6, . . , (),
, Qn+1 = 1, Qn = 0 Sn = 1, Rn.
, () , Qn+1 = 1, Qn = 1
Rn = 0, Sn.
, .
JK-
JK.
. 5.6, JK- RS
- -. RS- S
R, JK- . , J
K. J , S, K - ,
R . JK-

J K (. . 5.5, ), JK-.
RS-, Qn+1 =1 Qn+1 = 0.
J
Qn+1 =1, Qn= 0, Qn+1 =0, Qn=1. . JK-
.
DL JK-. . 5.6,
,
.
JK- .
RS- ( ),
, RS-
( ), RS-
.
MS- (master - , slave - ).
JK-
. 4.44, 4.44, .
JK- , RS-.
JK-
J . J=1 K=1 JK-
: Q n +1 =Q n .
JK- .
J K
. JK-
, .
, , -. T JK- . 5.7.

. 5.7. JK- - ()
()
, JK-
. , JK-
J K,

JK- RS-. J K , JK T-.

5.3.

,
,
. "".
, "",
, Y = X X .

Y
X.
,
-. . 5.8, .

. 5.8. () ()
, . 5.8,
, DD1
"",
( ),
. Y
, (. T-
).
, "",
, ,
,
"" .

.

-, ,
. . ,
, ,
.
RS- R S -
-. RS-.
, ,
. 5.9.

. 5.9. RS- (), ()


()
R S -

Sn Sn Cn, Rn: Rn Cn,


RS-, . 5.9,
, - RS-
R S -
.
.

, D- (delay - ).
D- D.
Q (n+1)-
n- .
, D- D
, .. Qn+1 = Dn.
D- . 5.2,
, (n = 0)
. (n = 1) D ,
.
D-, . 5.2,
. 5.10. D-,
. 5.10, .
, (), , Qn+1 = 1,
Qn = 1 n = 0, Dn. , (),
, Qn+1 = 1, Dn = 1 n = 1. Qn.
, ,
D- Q n +1 =Q n C n +D nC n .
5.2

Dn

Qn

Qn+1

0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1

0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1

. 5.10. D-
,
() (. . 5.10).
D-. :
D-
RS-,
Dn = Sn D n = R n .
, D-
RS- (. . 5.9, ) ,
D n , R.
D-
,

D n C n = D nC nC n ,
D-
. 5.11, .

. 5.11. D- () ()
D-,
, . 5.11, .

. 5.11, D-
.
D-. MS-, ..
.

.
D-
. 5.12, . 5.12, .

. 5.12. D- (),
() - ()
D-
, JK-.
(. . 5.12, ).
D-, .
5.12, , . n = 1, D
, D. (n = 0)
, -.

( RS-), .

D- -.
- D- . 5.12, .
, ,
. D- Q n +1 = D n .
Q D n =Q n , Q n +1 =Q n ,
, .. T-.
JK- JK-
- (. . 5.6, )
-
.
,
-.
JK- . 5.13, .
JK- .
J K
RS-. D- JK-
J K (. . 5.13, ). J
K JK- ,
, T- (. . 5.13, ).

RS-, D-, JK-, T-.



. ,
D- , JK- T-
R S,
. R S
.

. 5.13. JK- ()
D- () - ()
,

.
D- JK-
. 5.14.

. 5.14. D- () JK- ()


.

5.4.
,
, ..
.
.
n- ,
.
(),
(),


( ), .
,
, , .
,
.
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