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Trabalho de ingls sobre discurso direto e indireto, nos tempos verbais: present e future perfect.


Instituto Federal de educao cincia e tecnologia da Bahia. Disciplina: Ingls Professora: Socorro Alunos: Angelo Antonio Carvalho Arago Camila Nirvana Dayana Rodrigues Liza Sena


Direct and reported speech: Direct and reported speech are two different ways to say what someone else said. In direct speech, we quote the exact words that were spoken. We put quotation marks around what was said and add a speech tag such as "he said" or "she asked" either before or after the quote. For example: "Are you free tonight?" she asked. "I failed a test last week," she said. He asked, "Have you seen any good movies lately?" We can also use direct speech to say what someone is saying right now, as in: She says "Hurry up." Reported speech is another way of saying what someone said, but without quotation marks. Reported speech doesn't repeat the words exactly as they were spoken. It changes the tense of all the verbs that were used. For example, if the speaker used a present tense verb, we change it to the past tense. If the speaker used a past tense verb, we change it to past perfect. We also change pronouns and time expressions. See how the quotations given in direct speech above look in reported speech. Notice the changes in verb tense: She asked if I was free that night. She said she had failed an exam the week before. He asked if I had seen any good movies lately. Present and future perfect: We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc. The Future Perfect expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future. It can also show that something will happen before a specific time in the future. Future Perfect has two different forms: "will have done" and "be going to have done."

Direct Speech: Miss Joana said: we have lived in Brotas. Reported Speech: Miss Joana said that they have lived in Brotas.

Imagem 01: Miss Joana.

Direct Speech: Percilene said: I have been nanny in Europe. Reported Speech: Percilene said that she have been nanny in Europe.

Imagem 02: Percilene.

Direct Speech: Maria said: you have left me Reginaldo. Reported Speech: Maria said that Reginaldo has left her.

Figura 03: Maria

Direct Speech: Yolanda said: I have fucked with Reginaldo Reported speech: Yolanda said that she has fucked with Reginaldo.

Figura 04: Yolanda.

Direct Speech: Cosme e Damio said: We have taken out the Devil from people, mommy Reported Speech: Cosme e Damio said that they have taken out the Devil from people.

Figura 05: Cosme e Damio (nome dos filhos de Miss Joana)

Direct Speech: They said: We will end before your clients arrive Reported Speech: They said that they would end before her clients arrive.

Figura o6: Dana no bar da Neuzo

Direct Speech: Reginaldo said: I will have repaired my taxi cab before the time you eat an acaraj. Reginaldo said that he would repaired his car before the time you can eat an acaraj.

Figura 07: Acidente de Taxi.

Direct Speech: Roque said: the party will have ended 2:oo am Reported Speech: Roque said that the party would be ended 2:oo am.

Figura 08: Roque.

Direct Speech: Boca said: You wont have finished the work when I arrive. Reported Speech: Boca said that Roque wouldnt fineshed yhe work when he has arrived.

Figura 09: Roque e Boca.

Direct Speech: Reginaldo said: Next year well bought our home Reported Speech: Reginaldo said that they would bought their house this year.

Figura 10: Reginaldo.

http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/futureperfect.html http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/presentperfect.html http://www.englishbaby.com/lessons/grammar/direct_vs_reported_speech http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%93_Pa%C3%AD,_%C3%93 http://contigo.abril.com.br/producoes/seriado/o-pai-o/quem-e-quem?personagem=4 http://contigo.abril.com.br/producoes/seriado/o-pai-o/quem-e-quem?personagem=4#persnav=5 http://contigo.abril.com.br/producoes/seriado/o-pai-o/quem-e-quem?personagem=4#persnav=6 http://contigo.abril.com.br/producoes/seriado/o-pai-o/quem-e-quem?personagem=4#persnav=8 Sites acessados em 15 de dezembro de 2011, entre 7 e 12h