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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

Electrical and Electronics Engineering

V Semester - Electrical and Electronics Engineering Power Electronics Laboratory Manual (2008 Regulation)

Prepared by S.RAJASEKARAN

Approved by

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

General Instructions to students for EEE Lab courses


Be punctual to the lab class.

Attend the laboratory classes wearing the prescribed uniform and shoes. Avoid wearing any metallic rings, straps or bangles as they are likely to prove dangerous at times. Girls should put their plait inside their overcoat Boys students should tuck in their uniform to avoid the loose cloth getting into contact with rotating machines. Acquire a good knowledge of the surrounding of your worktable. Know where the various live points are situated in your table. In case of any unwanted things happening, immediately switch off the mains in the worktable. This must be done when there is a power break during the experiment being carried out. Before entering into the lab class, you must be well prepared for the experiment that you are going to do on that day. You must bring the related text book which may deal with the relevant experiment. Get the circuit diagram approved. Prepare the list of equipments and components required for the experiment and get the indent approved. Plan well the disposition of the various equipments on the worktable so that the experiment can be carried out. Make connections as per the approved circuit diagram and get the same verified. After getting the approval only supply must be switched on. For the purpose of speed measurement in rotating machines, keep the tachometer in the extended shaft. Avoid using the brake drum side. Get the reading verified. Then inform the technician so that supply to the worktable can be switched off. You must get the observation note corrected within two days from the date of completion of experiment. Write the answer for all the discussion questions in the observation note. If not, marks for concerned observation will be proportionately reduced. Submit the record note book for the experiment completed in the next class. If you miss any practical class due to unavoidable reasons, intimate the staff in charge and do the missed experiment in the repetition class. Such of those students who fail to put in a minimum of 75% attendance in the laboratory class will run the risk of not being allowed for the University Practical Examination. They will have to repeat the lab course in subsequent semester after paying prescribed fee. Use isolated supply for the measuring instruments like CRO in Power Electronics Laboratory experiments.
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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual


VI AND SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS OF SCR & ITS APPLICATION

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

MODEL GRAPH: IA I g1

Pin configuration

I g2 ig2 >ig1 VAK K A G ZP4M

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

Ex. No. 1 VI AND SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS OF SCR 1.a . VI CHARACTERISTICS OF SCR


AIM:
To determine the VI and switching characteristics of SCR

1.

To determine the Characteristics of SCR In static performance of a device we can study the input and output Characteristics.

APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 APPARATUS SCR Module kit Firing Circuit Module Voltmeter Ammeter Ammeter CRO Patch Chords RANGE TYPE 220 V / 5 A PEC16MIB (0-30) V (0-20)mA (0-200) mA 20 MHZ MC MC MC QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 1 1 10

PROCEDURE: 1. Make the connections as per the circuit diagram. 2. Switch on the supply 3. Set the gate current at a fixed value by varying RPS on the gate-cathode side. 4. Increase the voltage applied to anode-cathode side from zero til the SCR gets turned ON. 5. Note down the break over voltage.

TABULAR COLUMN:

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

IG =.( mA) S.No. VAK (V) IA (mA)

IG =.(mA)

VAK (V)

IA (mA)

6. Draw the graph between anode to cathode voltage (v ak) and anode current (ia)

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

1.b. SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS OF SCR


AIM:
To determine switching characteristics of SCR
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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

Switching Characteristics greatly improves its utilization in the various applications. The main performance of switching characteristics is the Turn - on and Turn- off switching transients. PROCEDURE: 1) Connect as per the connection diagram. 2) Switch on the power supply. 3) Vary the Gate knob voltage until the device is ON Which can be observed by the output voltage wave form VAK. 4) Observe the current waveform. 5) Compare the output voltage wave form with the input voltage wave form and measure the TON and TOFF of the device.

RESULT: Thus the VI and switching Characteristics waveforms of SCR were obtained.

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

VI AND SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS OF MOSFET CIRCUIT DIAGRAM (MOSFET):

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

Ex. No. 2 VI AND SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS OF MOSFET 2.a. VI CHARACTERISTICS OF MOSFET


AIM : To determine the VI Characteristics of MOSFET APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 APPARATUS MOSFET Module kit Regulated Power Supply Regulated Power Supply Voltmeter Ammeter Patch Chords RANGE 220 V / 5 A (0-15) V (0-30) V (0-15) V (0-200)mA TYPE VPET 202A MC MC QUANTITY 1 1 1 2 1 10

In static performance of a device we can study the input and output characteristics. PROCEDURE: OUT PUT CHARACTERISTICS ( DRAIN CHARACTERISTICS ) 1) 2) 3) Make the connections as per the circuit diagram. Switch on the supply. Set the gate source VGS voltage . 4) Smoothly vary the drain source VDS voltage till the MOSFET gets turn ON and note down the VDS and Ammeter ID value. 5) Further increase in the gate source voltage ,and note down the readings VDS and Ammeter ID value.

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

MODEL GRAPH ( MOSFET ): DRAIN CHARACTERISTICS TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS

TABULAR COLUMN TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS:

S.No

VGS =.(V) VDS (mV) ID (mA)

VGS =.(V) VDS (mV) ID (mA)

DRAIN CHARACTERISTICS: V DS =.(V) S.No VGS (mV) ID (mA)

VGE (mV)

IC (mA)

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS 1) 2) 3) 4) Make the connections as per the circuit diagram. Switch on the supply. switch on the switches SW1 and SW2 Set the Drain source voltage at a fixed value by varying RPS . Vary the voltage applied across Gate and corresponding VGS and ID is noted 5) 6) The above steps are repeated for different values of VDS Draw the graph between VGS and ID

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

2.b. SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS OF MOSFET


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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

AIM: To determine the switching Characteristics of MOSFET Switching Characteristics greatly improves its utilization in the various applications. The main performance of switching characteristics is the Turn - on and Turn- off switching transients. APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 PROCEDURE: 1) Connect as per the connection diagram. 2) Switch on the power supply. 3) Set the voltage V1 to5V by adjusting the voltage adjustment knob. 4) Observe theoutput voltage waveform.VDS atP16 andP19 terminals by using CRO. 5) Observe the current waveform. 6) Compare the output voltage wave form with the input voltage wave form and measure the TON and TOFF of the device. APPARATUS RANGE TYPE QUANTITY

Patch Chords

10

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

RESULT: Thus the VI and switching Characteristics of MOSFET is obtained.

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

MODEL GRAPH:

TABULAR COLUMN:

S.No.

IG =.(mA) VAK (V) IA (mA)

IG=.(mA) VAK (V) IA (mA)

EX NO: 3
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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

VI AND SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS OF TRIAC

3.a. VI
AIM:

CHARACTERISTICS OF TRIAC

To determine the VI characteristics of TRIAC. APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.No 1 2 3 4 5 APPARATUS TRIAC Module kit Regulated Power Supply Voltmeter Ammeter Patch Chords RANGE 220 V / 5 A (0-5) V (0-30) V (0-200)mA TYPE PEC 16MIC MC MC QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 10

In static performance of a device we can study the input and output characteristics. PROCEDURE: 1. Make the connections as per the circuit diagram. 2. Switch on the supply. 3. Set the gate current at a fixed value by varying RPS on the gate- cathode side. 4. 5. Increase the voltage applied across anode and corresponding current is noted. The above steps are repeated for different values of I G. 6. Draw the graph between anode to cathode voltage (V AK) and anode 7. current (I A)

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

3.b. SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS OF TRIAC AIM: To determine the switching characteristics of TRIAC. APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.No 1 2 3 4 5 APPARATUS RANGE TYPE QUANTITY

Switching Characteristics greatly improves its utilization in the various applications. The main performance of switching characteristics is the Turn - on and Turn- off switching transients.

PROCEDURE: Positive triggering 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Connect as per the circuit diagram. Switch On the power supply. Vary the Gate voltage adjustment knob until the device ONwhich can be observed by the out put voltage waveform VM1 MT2. Observe the current wave form @ P18 and P19. Compare the output voltage waveform with input voltage waveform and measure TON and TOFF of the device. Negative triggering Follow the same procedure (While measuring the timeperiod keep the CRO in X10 mode) RESULT : Thus the VI and switching Characteristics of TRIAC was obtained.

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

Ex. No. 4 VI AND SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS OF IGBT 4.a) VI AND SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS OF IGBT
AIM : To determine the VI characteristics of IGBT. APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 APPARATUS IGBT Module kit Regulated Power Supply Regulated Power Supply Voltmeter Ammeter Patch Chords RANGE 220 V / 5 A (0-15) V (0-30) V (0-30) V (0-20)mA TYPE QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 1 10

MC MC

In static performance of a device we can study the input and output characteristics. PROCEDURE: 1. Make the connections as per the circuit diagram. 2. Switch on the power supply. 3. Set the gate source voltage of particular value 4. Vary the voltage applied across Gate and corresponding ( VCE) and note down ( IC ) 5. Further increase the collector Emitter voltage and note down the readings VCE and ( IC ) 6. Vary the voltage across Collector and Emitter and noted down VGE and IC. 7. Draw the graph between VCE and IC and VGE and IC .

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

MODEL GRAPH DRAIN CHARACTERISTICS TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

TABULAR COLUMN (IGBT): DRAIN CHARACTERISTICS:

S.No

VGE =.(V) VCE (mV) IC (mA)

VGE =.(V) VCE (mV) IC (mA)

TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS:

V CE =.(V) S.No VGE (mV) IC (mA)

RESULT: Thus the Characteristics of MOSFET & IGBT were obtained.

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

4.b SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS OF IGBT


AIM: To determine the switching characteristics of IGBT. APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 APPARATUS IGBT Module kit Regulated Power Supply Regulated Power Supply Voltmeter Ammeter Ammeter Patch Chords RANGE 220 V / 5 A (0-15) V (0-30) V (0-30) V (0-5)mA (0-10)mA TYPE QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 1 1 10

MC MC MC

Switching Characteristics greatly improves its utilization in the various applications. The main performance of switching characteristics is the Turn - on and Turn- off switching transients.

PROCEDURE: 1) Make the connections as per the circuit diagram. 2) Switch on the supply. 3) Set the 30 V in the voltmeter using variable DC supply provided in the trainer. gate current at a fixed value by varying RPS on the gate-cathode side. 4) Vary the gate current and note down the values of IA & VA . 5) The above steps are repeated for different values of I G . 6) Draw the graph between VAK (VDS ) and IG (VGS ) and IA (ID) and IG (VGS).

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

TABULAR COLUMN ( SCR ) : S.No. VAK (V) IG (A) IA (mA)

MODEL GRAPH

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

RESULT: Thus the VI and switching Characteristics of IGBT were obtained.

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

HALF CONTROLLED CONVERTER


CIRCUIT DIAGRAM P 1 230V 50Hz AC Supply N 1 Auto Transformer 230V/0-270V

T1

T2 Resistive Load

D1 1 Isolation Transformer

D2

TABULATOR COLUMN: Observed Angle


O

S.No.

Firing Angle Output Voltage Non Conducting (Degree) Vo (Volts) Period T Sec

(Degree)

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

Ex. No. 5 AC TO DC SINGLE PHASE HALF AND FULLY CONTROLLED CONVERTER 5.a. HALF CONTROLLED CONVERTER
AIM: To construct a single phase half controlled Converter and plot its output response. APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.NO. 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 FORMULA: t Firing angle 0 = --------- x 180 10ms t= non-conducting period of thyristor. APPARATUS Half controlled Converter Power circuit kit SCR firing circuit kit Isolation Transformer Auto-transformer Loading Rheostat CRO Patch chords RANGE 1 , 230V,10A 1 ,230V,5A 230V/115-550-55-115 230V/0-270V, 4A 100 / 2A 20MHz TYPE QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 1 1 15

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

MODEL GRAPH:

Vin

2 3 t

VT t

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

PROCEDURE: 1. Make the connections as per the circuit diagram. 2. Keep the multiplication factor of the CROs probe at the maximum position. 3. Switch on the thyristor kit and firing circuit kit. 4. Keep the firing circuit knob at the 180 position. 5. Vary the firing angle in steps. 6. Note down the voltmeter reading and waveform from the CRO. 7. Switch off the power supply and disconnect.

AC TO DC FULLY CONTROLLED CONVERTER


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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

circuit diagram

1 230V 50Hz AC Supply

Resistive Load

1 Auto Transformer 230V/0-270V

1 -Isolation Transformer 1:1

TABULAR COLUMN: Observed angle


o

S.No.

Firing angle (degree)

Output voltage Vo (volts)

Non conducting Period t sec

(degree)

5.b. AC TO DC FULLY CONTROLLED CONVERTER


AIM: To construct a single phase fully controlled Converter and plot its response.
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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.NO ITEM 1 Fully controlled Converter Power 3 4 5 6 7 8 FORMULA : t Firing angle 0 = --------- x 180 10ms t= non-conducting period of thyristor. circuit kit SCR firing circuit kit Isolation Transformer Auto-transformer Loading Rheostat CRO Patch chords 1 ,230V,5A 230V/115-55-0-55-115 230V/0-270V, 4A 100 / 2A 20MHz 1 1 1 1 1 15 RANGE 1 , 230V,10A TYPE QUANTITY 1

MODEL GRAPH :

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

in

2 3 t

VT

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

PROCEDURE: 1. Make the connections as per the circuit diagram.. 2. Keep the multiplication factor of the CROs probe at the maximum position. 3. Switch on the thyristor kit and firing circuit kit. 4. Keep the firing circuit knob at the 180 position. 5. Vary the firing angle in steps.
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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

6. Note down the voltmeter reading and waveform from the CRO. 7. Switch off the power supply and disconnect.

RESULT: Thus a single-phase fully controlled converter was constructed and their responses were plotted.

. AC TO DC THREE PHASE HALF CONTROLLED CONVERTER

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

Ex. No. 6 AC TO DC THREE PHASE HALF AND FULLY CONTROLLED CONVERTER


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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

6.a . AC TO DC THREE PHASE HALF CONTROLLED CONVERTER AIm

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

9 STEP UP AND STEP DOWN MOSFET BASED CHOPPERS


AIM:
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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

To construct Step down & Step up MOSFET based choppers and to draw its output response. APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.NO ITEM Step up & Step down MOSFET based chopper kit CRO Patch chords 20 MHZ RANGE QUANTITY 1 1 15

1 2 3

PROCEDURE (STEP UP CHOPPER & STEP DOWN CHOPPER) : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Initially keep all the switches in the OFF position Initially keep duty cycle POT in minimum position Connect banana connector 24V DC source to 24V DC imput. Connect the driver pulse [output to MOSFET input Switch on the main supply Check the test point waveforms with respect to ground. Vary the duty cyle POT and tabulate the Ton, Toff & output voltage Trace the waveforms of Vo Vs & Io Draw the graph for Vo Vs Duty cycle, K

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM (STEP UP CHOPPER) :

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM (STEP DOWN CHOPPER):

TABULAR COLUMN (STEP UP CHOPPER): Vs = ____________ V S.NO T ON (sec) TOFF (sec) T Duty Ratio, k=TON / T Vo=kVs(V)

(sec)

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

TABULAR COLUMN (STEP DOWN CHOPPER): Vs = ____________ V S.NO T ON (sec) TOFF (sec) T Duty Ratio, k=TON / T Vo=kVs(V)

(sec)

MODEL GRAPH (STEP UP CHOPPER) :

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

MODEL GRAPH (STEP DOWN CHOPPER) :

RESULT: Thus the output response of Step down & Step up MOSFET based choppers were drawn.

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

Ex. No. 10 IGBT BASED SINGLE PHASE PWM INVERTER


AIM : To obtain Single phase output wave forms for IGBT based PWM inverter APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.No. 1 2 3 4 ITEM IGBT Based PWM inverter Kit CRO Patch Chord Load rheostat RANGE 220/10A 20MHZ 50 /5A TYPE QUANTITY 1 1 10 1

PROCEDURE : 1. Make the connection as per the circuit diagram. 2. Connect the gating signal from the inverter module. 3. Switch ON D.C 24 V. 4. Keep the frequency knob to particulars frequency. 5. Observe the rectangular and triangular carrier waveforms on the CRO. 6. Obtain the output waveform across the load Rheostat.

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: +

C1 T1 D1 50 /5A 24V,D.C T3 D3

C2 T2 D2

Vo T4 D4

TABULAR COLUMN: S.no Output voltage (v) Time (ms)

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

MODEL GRAPH:

Vref

Vcar

Vo

RESULT : Thus the output waveform for IGBT inverter (PWM) was obtained.

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

Ex. No. 11 IGBT BASED THREE PHASE PWM INVERTER


AIM: To obtain Three phase output wave forms for IGBT based PWM inverter APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.No. 1 2 3 4 PROCEDURE: 1. Make the connection as per the circuit diagram. 2. Connect the gating signal from the inverter module. 3. Switch ON D.C 24 V. 4. Keep the frequency knob to particulars frequency. 5. Observe the input and output waveforms for 180 conduction mode and 120 conduction mode in the CRO. 6. Obtain the output waveform across the load Rheostat. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: ITEM IGBT Based PWM inverter Kit CRO Patch Chord Load rheostat RANGE 220/10A 20MHZ 50 /5A TYPE QUANTITY 1 1 10 1

LAMP LOAD

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

TABULAR COLUMN: S.No. Output Voltage (V) Time (ms)

MODEL GRAPH :

RESULT : Thus the output waveform for IGBT inverter (PWM) was obtained.

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

Ex. No. 12 RESONANT DC TO DC CONVERTER


AIM: To study Zero Voltage Switching Resonant converter and Zero Current Switching Resonant Converter and plot its output waveforms. APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.No. ITEM 1 Resonant Converter Module 2 Loading rheostat 3 CRO 4 Patch chords RANGE 100 / 2A 20 MHZ TYPE QUANTITY 1 1 1 15

PROCEDURE (ZVS & ZCS RESONANT CONVERTER): 1. Make the connections as per the circuit diagram. 2. Switch on the resonant converter module. 3. Keep the frequency knob of the firing circuit kit below the resonance Frequency of power circuit kit 4. Switch on the DC power supply connected to the power circuit kit and Switch on the firing circuit kit 5. Vary the frequency knob of the firing circuit kit 6. Observe the waveform from the CRO. 7. Repeat the same procedure for different values of switching frequency. 8. Switch of the power supply and disconnect the connection

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM (ZVS RESONANT CONVERTER ) :

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM (ZCS RESONANT CONVERTER) :

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

TABULAR COLUMN (ZVS RESONANT CONVERTER ) : RESONANT FREQUENCY = S.No. Input voltage (vi) V Switching frequency (hz) Output voltage Vo (V) Output current io (A)

TABULAR COLUMN ( ZCS RESONANT CONVERTER ) : RESONANT FREQUENCY = S.No. Input voltage (vi) V Switching frequency (Hz) Output voltage Vo (V) Output current io (A)

MODEL GRAPH ( ZVS RESONANT CONVERTER ) :


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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

MODEL GRAPH ( ZCS RESONANT CONVERTER ) :

RESULT : Thus ZVS and ZCS Resonant Converter operation were studied and its output waveform were plotted.

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

Ex. No. 13 RESONANT INVERTERS


AIM : To study a Single-phase series inverter and parallel inverter and plot its output waveform. APPARATUS REQUIRED : S.No. ITEM 1 Series inverter power circuit kits 2 Series inverter firing circuit kit 3 Loading rheostat 4 5 6 Regulated power supply CRO Patch chords RANGE 1 ,230 V , 2 A 1 ,230 V , 2 A 100 / 2A (0 30 V) / 2 A 20 MHZ TYPE QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 1 15

PROCEDURE ( SERIES INVERTER ) : 1. Make the connections as per the circuit diagram. 2. Switch on the thyristor firing circuit 3. Keep the frequency knob of the firing circuit kit below the resonance Frequency of power circuit kit 4. Switch on the DC power supply connected to the power circuit kit and Switch on the firing circuit kit 5. Vary the frequency knob of the firing circuit kit 6. Observe the waveform from the CRO. 7. Repeat the same procedure for different values of L,C and load resistance. 8. Switch of the power supply and disconnect the connection 9. Calculate the frequency of the output waveform .

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

PROCEDURE (PARALLEL INVERTER ) : 1. Make the connection as per the circuit diagram. 2. Switch on the 24V DC power supply. 3. Vary the output frequency by proper tuning. 4. Obtain the voltage output across secondary of transformer. 5. Obtain also the voltage across Inductance. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM (SERIES INVERTER) :

FUSE(2A )

T1 D1 L1

(0-30V), M.I V

C1

(0-30)V RPS M D2

LOAD L2 T2
CR O

C2

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM (PARALLEL INVERTER):

V0

P1 + D R C 24V dc T1

P2 P3

P4

P5

C1

Trigger Circuit

T2

R C

L -

TABULAR COLUMN (SERIES INVERTER): RESONANCE FREQUENCY = ____________: FIRING ANGLE = __________ S.No. Input Voltage (Vi) Volts Frequency Of Firing Circuit (Hz) Output Voltage Vo (Volts)

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

TABULAR COLUMN (PARALLEL INVERTER):


Output voltage Voltage (v) Time (ms) Voltage across inductor Voltage (v) Time (ms) Voltage across diode Voltage Time (v) (ms) Voltage across scr Voltage (v) Time (ms)

MODEL GRAPH (SERIES INVERTER):

T1 T2 ec1
t

ec2

eo
t

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Power Electronics Laboratory Manual

MODEL GRAPH (PARALLEL INVERTER) : V0

VL

VSCR1

VD1

RESULT: Thus a single-phase series inverter and parallel inverter operation were studied and its output waveform were plotted.

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