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This is a review of the English tenses.

The table is provided to help recall the form and use of the different English tenses studied in previous lessons.

Interrogative Is he reading? To be (in the simple present) + verb + ing Form action taking place at the moment of reading action arranged for the future Uses Simple Past Affirmative I cried. Negative I did not cry Interrogative Did I cry? Regular verbs: Verb + ed | Irregular verbs: forms differ and should Form be learned by herat. This is a list of irregular verbs action in the past taking place once, never or several times actions taking place one after another Uses Past Progressive

Simple Present Affirmative Negative Interrogative Form She drinks. She does not drink. Does she drink? I, you we they play | he, she, it plays action in the present taking place once, never or several times facts actions taking place one after another action set by a timetable or schedule Present Progressive Affirmative He is reading. Negative He is not reading.

Affirmative Negative Interrogative Form Uses

He was driving. He was not driving. Was he driving? to be (in the simple past) + verb + ing action going on at a certain time in the past actions taking place at the same time action in the past that is interrupted by another action

Uses

Present Perfect Simple Affirmative They have slept. Negative They have not slept. Interrogative Have they slept? Have / has + past participle (past participle of regular verbs: verb Form + ed | Past paricple of irregular verbs: forms differ and should be

Uses

learned by herat. This is a list of irregular verbs) emphasis is on the result (not the duration) action that started in the past & is still going on action that stopped recently finished action that has an influence on the present

Present Perfect Progressive Affirmative He has been thinking. Negative He has not been thinking. Interrogative Has he been thinking? have or has + been + past participle (past participle of regular verbs: verb + ed | Past paricple of irregular verbs: forms differ and Form should be learned by herat. This is a list of irregular verbs) putting emphasis on the course or duration (not the result) action that recently stopped or is still going on Uses finished action that influenced the present Past Perfect Simple Affirmative She had won. Negative She had not won. Interrogative Had she won? had + past participle (past participle of regular verbs: verb + ed | Past paricple of irregular verbs: forms differ and should be learned Form by herat. This is a list of irregular verbs) action taking place before a certain time in the past sometimes interchangeable with past perfect progressive Uses putting emphasis only on the fact (not the duration) Past Perfect Progressive Affirmative He had been waiting.

Negative Had he been waiting? Interrogative He had not been waiting. had + been + past participle (past participle of regular verbs: verb + ed | Past paricple of irregular verbs: forms differ and should be Form learned by herat. This is a list of irregular verbs) action taking place before a certain time in the past sometimes interchangeable with past perfect simple Uses putting emphasis on the duration or course of an action Future Simple Affirmative Negative Interrogative Form Uses You will win. You will not win. Will you win? will + verb action in the future that cannot be influenced spontaneous decision assumption with regard to the future

Near Future (going to) Affirmative He is going to watch TV. Negative He is not going to watch TV. Interrogative Is he going to watch TV? to be (in the simple present) + going + to + verb Form decision made for the future conclusion with regard to the future Uses Future Progressive Affirmative She will be listening to music.

Negative She will not be listening to music. Interrogative Will she be listening to music? will + be + verb + ing Form action that is going on at a certain time in the future action that is sure to happen in the near future Uses Future Perfect Affirmative He will have spoken. Negative He will not have spoken. Interrogative Will he have spoken? will + have + past participle (past participle of regular verbs: verb + ed | Past paricple of irregular verbs: forms differ and should be Form learned by herat. This is a list of irregular verbs) action that will be finished at a certain time in the future Uses Future Perfect Progressive Affirmative You will have been studying. Negative You will not have been studying. Interrogative Will you have been studying? will + have + been + verb + ing Form action taking place before a certain time in the future putting emphasis on the course of an action Uses Conditional Simple Affirmative We would relax. Negative We would not relax. Interrogative Would we relax ? would + verb Form

Uses

action that might take place

Conditional Progressive Affirmative He would be writing. Negative He would not be writing. Interrogative Would he be writing? would + be + verb + ing Form action that might take place putting emphasis on the course / duration of the action Uses Conditional Perfect Affirmative He would have written. Negative He would not have written. Interrogative Would he have written? would + have + past partciple (past participle of regular verbs: verb + ed | Past paricple of irregular verbs: forms differ and Form should be learned by herat This is a list of irregular verbs) action that might have taken place in the past Uses Conditional Perfect Progressive Affirmative She would have been sleeping. Negative She would not have sleeping speaking. Interrogative Would she have been sleeping? would + have + been + verb + ing Form action that might have taken place in the past puts emphasis on the course / duration of the action Uses

Explanations Action that is repeated every Friday. Habitual action. Facts that are believed to be true. Generalisations Scheduled events in the near future

Present Simple I visit my uncle every Friday Cats hate mice. The sun rises in the morning. The plane takes off at 10 o'clock tonight

Explanations Present Progressive Action that takes place now / at I am working on my computer the moment Near future I am leaving tommorrow Explanations Present Perfect To talk about experiences I have been to Italy. Past action that has the result in She has read that book. the present. Action which started in the past I have lived in this town for 12 years. and continued up to now. Explanations To show that something started in the past and has continued up until now. To talk about an action that started in the past and stopped recently. To talk about an action that started in the past and is continuing now. Explanations Completed action in the past. Present Perfcect Progressive He has been sleeping for the last 3 hours The grass is wet because it has been raining all day long. I have been watching TV for 2 hours / since you left. Past Simple She left yesterday.

To talk about an action that started in the past and stopped recently. To talk about an action that started in the past and is continuing now. An action taking place in the middle of another action.

She woke up, had a shower and left.

If I had a million dollar, I would help the poor. She was playing when the accident occured.

Explanations Past Progressive Actions happening at the same He was reading a newspaper while his wife was time in the past. preparing dinner. Sh was reading a book when the light went off, Interrupted action in the past. had a shower and left. Explanations Completed action before another action in the past. Explanations To show that something started in the past and continued up until another action stopped it. To show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past. We use the Past Perfect Continuous before another action in the past to show cause and effect. Past Perfect Simple She had left when I arrived. Past Perfect Progressive They had been playing soccer when the accident occured I had been living in that town for ten years before I moved to New York.

I was so tired. I had been working for 6 hours.

Explanations Future Simple Instant decisions I've left the door open; I'll close it. We use the simple furure , when She'll pass the exam. She's hardworking.

we predict a future situation We use the simple furure with: "I (don't) think...", "I expect...", It will probably rain tonight "I'm sure...", "I wonder...", "probably". Conditional sentence type one If I have enough time, I'll watch the film. Explanations Future Progressive Action that will be taking place When you arrive, I'll be sleeping . at some time in the future. Explanations Completed action before another action in the past Future Perfect By tomorrow, I will have finished the work.

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple present or present progressive) 1. Look! Sara (go) to the movies. her handbag.

2. On her right hand, Sara (carry) 3. The handbag (be) 4. Sara usually (put) white trainers. 5. And look, she (take)

very beautiful. on black shoes but now she (wear) an umbrella because it (rain)

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or past perfect) 1. When he (wake up) breakfast 2. We (go) 3. He (hear) (call) to London because our friends (invite) the news, (go) a friend. learning English she (already /learn) French. 5. Jane (already / type) three pages when her computer (crash) to the telephone and us , his mother (already /prepare)

Explanations Future Perfect Progressive It is used to show that an action will continue up until a She will have been working for over 8 hours by particular event or time in the the time her children arrive. future.

Grammar Exercises - Mixed Tenses Exercises

4. When she (start)

Do the exercises below on the English tenses and click on the button to check your answers.
(Before doing the exercises you may want to revise the lessons on the English tenses)

. 6. By the time the doctor (arrive) . 7. Before that day we (never / think) 8. I (know) of traveling to Japan. his family. at the house the patient ( die)

him a long time before I (meet)

9. They (not / know) them. 10. It (be)

where to meet because nobody (tell)

4. My father (come)

in, (look)

and (tell)

me to tidy up my room. cloudy for days before it (begin) to rain. 5. While one group (prepare) wood for the campfire. 6. While the parents (have) breakfast the children (run) dinner the others (collect)

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect). 1. I (just / finish) 2. Mary (already / write) 3. Tom (move) 4. My friend (be) 5. I (not / be) 6. But I (already / travel) 7. Last week, Mary and Paul (go) 8. I can't take any pictures because I (not /buy) 9. (they / spend) 10. (you / ever / see ) my homework. five letters. to his home town in 1994. in Canada two years ago. to Canada so far. to London a couple of times. to the cinema. a new film yet. 7. Martha (turn)

about. off the light and (go) to bed.

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple future or future perfect) 1. Tomorrow I think I (start) 2. I (finish) my new project.

it by the end of this month. a test to his students next

3. The teacher (probably/assign) Monday. 4. He (correct) 5. My friend (certainly/get) 6. By 9 o'clock, we (finish)

their holidays in Paris last summer? a whale?

it by the end of next week. a good mark. our homework. the classroom by the end of the hour. my trip tomorrow

Put the verbs into the correct tense (Simple Past or Past Progressive). 1. The receptionist (welcome) them to fill in the form 2. The car (break) home. 3. The boys (swim) the guests and (ask) down and we (have) while the girls (sunbath) to walk

7. They (leave) 8. I think I (start)

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Punctuation and capitalization Spelling

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