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.......................................................................................................

6
1. -
...............................................................8
1.1. ....................................................8
...............................................................................12
1.2. ,
..........................................13
1.2.1. .......................................15
1.2.2. ...............16
1.2.3. ...........................19
...............................................................................20
1.3. ....................21
...............................................................................26
1.4. ...............................................................................27
...............................................................................28
1.5. ,
...........................................................29
...............................................................................30
2. (-).........31
2.1. -.

- ...........................................................31
2.2. -..........................................................38
2.3. ,
-...........................................................................45
2.4.


-...........................................................................54
2.5. -.................................................................64
2.5.1. Application Service Providing (ASP)...................................68
2.5.2. .........................................76
2.5.3. .....................84
2.5.4. .........................................................90
..............................................................................105
3. ....................................106
3.1. .......................................................106
3.1.1. General Motors.........................107
3.1.2. Solectron....................................111
3

3.1.3. Volkswagen...............................113
3.1.4. ................................114
3.1.5.
...........116
3.1.6.
- ...........................117
3.1.7. ......117
3.1.8. ....119
3.1.9. ....................120
..............................................................................121
3.2. ......................................................123
..............................................................................127
4. .................................................................128
4.1. ...............128
4.1.1. 3PL, ?...........133
4.2. ..........................138
4.2.1. ..................................142
4.3. .............146
4.3.1. ............................................................146
4.3.2. -.............................................147
4.3.3. ..............................................149
4.3.4. , .....................................
.................................................152
4.3.5. ....................153
4.4. ................158
4.4.1. .......................158
4.4.2. ..................................................163
4.4.3. ...........................
.............................................................168
4.5.
............................................................................171
4.6. ...............174
4.6.1. .................174
4.6.2. ....................175
4.6.3. ..........................176
4.6.4. .............................................
......................................................177
4.6.5. .............................
..............................................................179
4.7. -
...........................................181
4.7.1. ......................................181
4.7.2. ....184
..............................................................................186


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Fearon. Purchasing and Supply Management. Irwin, 1997.
2. .. . . .: , 2001.
3. Lacity M.C. and Hirscheim R. Information Systens Outsourcing.
New York, 1993.
4. Monczka R.M. Purchasing 2000: Building the Infrastructure.
NAPM Annual International Purchasing and Materials Managements
Conference Proceedings, 1994. P. 240.
5. Birou L.M. and Fawcett S.E. International Purchasing: Benefits,
Requirements, and Challenges // International Journal of Purchasing
and Materials Management, Spring 1993. P. 34.
6. .. : . .: , 2002.

20

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5. . . .: Mamba. Ru., 2002.
6. Derose G. Outsourcing: traning and education. London:
Financial times, 2001.

26

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2. Derose G. Outsourcing: traning and education. London:
Financial Times, 2001.
3. Greaver M. Strategic outsourcing. London: Financial Times,
2001.

28

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Financial Times, 2001.

30

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.

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71

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,

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. -. ,

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72


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, , . ,
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: Oracle Applications
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,
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81

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e-Procurement .
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96

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98

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. , ,
. ,
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.
100


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MasterCard, AmEx, Discover
(www.imbs.com/protokol.
htm) VISA, Euro/MasterCard,
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. , ,
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1. .. // . 2002.
4.
2. . // . 2001. 25(169).
3. . ? // . 2002. 16.
4. . //
Week. 2002. 3.
5. . . .: , 1998.
6. .. // Computerworld. 2002.
39.
104

7. .. . . .:
, 1995.
8. . // . 1999.
56 (6263).
9. .. : .: . . .: , 2002.
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-. www.gaap.ru
11. . // . 1999. 26.
12. . (IT-:
.) // Business Online. 2001. 3.

105

3


3.1.
, .
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. , (,
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. 107

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, . 40- .
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Motors Cryisler. ,
, 60- .
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.
( 1965 . 250 ) (. 3.1).
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4.
5. , ,
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8. , ,
9.
10.
11.
12.
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General
Motors

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Motors

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128

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2
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2

. 3.1

13.
14.
15.
16.


General
Motors

Ford
Motors

Cryisler

1
2
1
1

: Moodys Industrial Manual. 1967, 28862890, 30013005,


30933100.
Die Weltautomobilindustries 1966. Geneva. May 1966.
P. 9394, 121124.


, , ( 7 . ).
. 3.2.
3.2

326
42
29
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350
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.
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1965 .?

(9 305 561 .) (1 751 805 .) 11 057 366 .
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.
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Solectron
, ,
1991 1997 . Malcolm
Baldrige National Quality Award 6 . , ,
.
, Solectron
Corp., , .
, .
, , : 111

(OM ) Solectron.
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, . , Solectron , :
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.
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.
11 , , 16 , 23.
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,
.
112

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).
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[3].
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,
.


General Motors,
Solectron, Volkswagen.

Volkswagen , , .
, , , Volkswagen, . Rockwell, Cumins, Remon MWM.
, ,
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, 100 -
--, 200 1000 Volkswagen
, .
, .
, - (Sean McAlinden),
.
,
100
113

800 -,
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, , . Volkswagen . ,
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. , 2005 .
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.
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. ,
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, , [5].
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, , 150 . . .


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1.
.
2.
.
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1. Taylor F.W. Scientific Management. Harper and Row, 1947.


2. .. - . .: ,
1968.
3. . 2001. 4.
4. : Shemo D.J. The New York Times
Company. November 19, 1996; Goering L. Revolution at Plant X. The
Chicago Tribune, April 13, 1997.
121

5. . 2002. 3.
6. . . .: , 2002.
7. . 2002. 12.
8. .. . .:
-, 2001.
9. . 1995. 138.

122

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.

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124

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2001 . .
: OECD in Figures. Statistics of the Members Countries. 1997 Edition. Paris: OECD, 1997. P. 3841;
.. // .
1999. 2. . 31.

17,4

23,6

68,3

, ,

:
(
-,
)

1985 2001 1985 2001 1985 2001 1985 2001 1985 2001 1985 2001

, %

198090- .
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.
, . 3.3, 19852001 .

() . ,
.
.

. , , -, , , -
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. 198090- .,
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125

-,
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126

3. ,
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,

.
.

1. .
2. 1980-,
1990- . I .
3. -
?
4. 1980-, 1990- . I .?
5. .
6.
?

1. Inter-Agency Task Force on Statistics of International Trade in


Services. Progress Report, May 2001. World Trade Organization.
S/CSS/W/81, 9 May 2001.
2. OECD in Figures. Statistics of the Members Countries. 1997
Edition. Paris: OECD, 1997. P. 3841.
3. .. . // . 1999. 2.
. 2526.
4. .. . .:
, 2002.
127

4

4.1.

30% . 56% . .
. , ( , ) 25%. 1015%.
. ,
.
, ,

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, ).
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.
.
128

, .
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.
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, () , 3PL- ,
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. , - ,
( - ,
, ..).
Armstrong & Associates, 1999 .
,

, ,
,
.
. 4.1.

, 31%

, 25%


, 3%
,
, 32%

, , 9%

Armstrong & Associates: Who`s Who in Logistics, 2000;


Mercer Management Consulting, Inc. Analysis.

. 4.1.

. 4.2.
,
, ,
,
, .
, -.
, 2001 . 500 U.S. Fortune 500 manu130

3.
(4PL)
19902000 .
+
+

-
4PL

3PL-

IT-

2. (3PL)
19801990 .

3PL-

1. (3PL)
19701980 .

: Douglas Bade, James Mueller, Bryan Youd. Technoligy in the


Next Generation of Supply Chain Outsourcing Leveraging Capabilities
of Fouth Party Logistics // April. 1999. AscetVolume 1.

. 4.2.
.

facturers, , 3PL- , , , , .
3PL- . 4.1.
4.1
, 3PL-

, %
1998

1999

2000

2001

63

68

49

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1998

1999

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2000

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: Lieb Dr.R., Schwarz B. The Use of Third Party Logistics Services


by Large American Manufacturers, the 2001 Survey.

132

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. 4.3.
: Third-Party Logistics Study: Results and Findings of the 2002
Seventh Annual Study C. John Langley Jr., Cary R. Allen, Gere R. Tyndell
Cap Gemini Ernst & Young Inc.
136

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Ocean Group.

: Lynch C. Developing a Strategy for Outsourcing. Logistics Management


and Distribution Report, Volume 40, Issue 6, Jun 2001.

,
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1997

1998

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2000

2001

. 4.16.

: Third-Party Logistics Study: Results and Findings of the 2001 Sixth


Annual Study C. John Langley Jr., Gary R. Allen, Gene R. Tyndall Cap Gemini
Ernst & Young Inc.

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2000 .

2000

. 4.17.
3PL- ( )
: : Third Party Logistics Services: Views from the
Customers. Results and Findings of the1999 Fourth Annual Study Langley Jr.,
Brian Newton, Glenn A. Dalhart Third Party Logistics Services: Views from
the Customers. Results and Findings of the 2000 Fifth Annual Study Langley
Jr.,Brian Newton, Gary Allen.

Cap Gemini Ernst&Young, 2001 . 35% 50% .


,
3PL-.
Dr. Robert Lieb Brandon Schwarz, 2001 . 500
U.S. Fortune 500 manufacturers, , 3PL- , : , , , .
165

Cap Gemini Ernst &Young, 2001 . , 2000 .


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. 4.18.

: Boyson, Sandor; Corsi, Thomas; Dresner, Martin & Rabinovich,


Elliot. Managing Third Party Logistics Relationships: What Does It Take? //
Journal of Business Logistics 1999. January.

Cap Gemini Ernst & Young


3PL- :
8,2%;
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1. .., .. //
. 2002. .
2. Third-Party Logistics Study: Results and Findings of the 2002
Seventh Annual Study C. John Langley Jr., Gary R. Allen, Gene R.
Tyndall Cap Gemini Ernst &Young Inc. http://www.us.cgey.com
3. http://www.mchugh.com
4. http://www.eyefortransport.com/eyefortransport-e-commerce
transportation glossary1.htm
5. Craig, Thomas Third-Party Logistics Providers/ Logistics Service
Providers a Bright Future. World Wide Shipping, December/January
2001.
6. Horst Krampe, Hans-Joachim Lucke, Grundlagen der Logistik
Mnchen, Hussverlag, 1996.
7. Jahrbuch der Logistik Dsseldorf, Verlagsgruppe Handelsblatt
GmbH, 2002.
8. .., .. // . 2002. .