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GEs Gas Engines CHP Technologies

Travis Dauwalter Business Development Leader GEs Gas Engines Business North America

1 GE Energy Gas Engines MCA Conference October 2011

Reciprocating Engine Advancements

The Otto Cycle (4-stroke engines) Supercharging Turbocharging Miller Timing (5-stroke engines) Cross-flow cylinders Finite element analysis Computer modeling (cylinder design) Flame optimization (pre-combustion chambers) Advanced Miller Timing TODAY: Gas-Specific Fuel Controls TODAY: 2-Stage Turbo-Charging
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Power Generation

Introducing the Waukesha APG1000


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Fuel Flexibility and Tailor-Made Solutions


Coal mine gas Landfill gas Sewage gas Industrial power plants (IPPs)
Oilfield applications (AP gas)

Island mode
Cogeneration (Natural gas)

Special gases Greenhouse applications

Biogas
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GEs Waste-to-Energy Portfolio


Waukesha

APG1000

Jenbacher Type

Electrical output from 500 to 1,100 kW (50 Hz), 600 to 1,100 kW (60 Hz) V12, V16 and V20 cylinder 1,500 rpm (50 Hz) / 1,800 rpm (60 Hz) Delivered engines: about 5,800 Since 1988 in the product program

Jenbacher Type

Jenbacher Type

Electrical output from 1,500 to 4,400 kW 850 Hz) V12, V16, V20 and V24 cylinder

Electrical output: 1,000 kW (50 Hz), 1,100 kW (60 Hz) Engine speed: 1,500 rpm (50 Hz), 1,800 rpm (60 Hz) Delivered engines: ~ 130 V16 cylinder

Electrical output from 800 to 1,500 kW (50 Hz), 900 to 1,500 kW (60 Hz) V12, V16 and V20 cylinder 1,500 rpm (50 Hz) / 1,800 rpm (60 Hz) Delivered engines: more than 1,000 Since 2002 in the product program

1,500 rpm (50 Hz, 60 Hz with gear-box)


Delivered engines: more than 2,660 Since 1989 in the product program

Since 2006 in the product program

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Four types of waste-to-energy applications


Electrical output range (60 Hz, kW)
J624 J620

Jenbacher type 6

J616
J612

J420
J416 APG 1000

Jenbacher type 4

J320
J412 J316

Waukesha APG 1000

J312
0 1000 2000

Jenbacher type 3
3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000
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Optimized gas-specific fuel control system Little user interaction Easy engine starting Increased fuel flexibility Maximized uptime

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Fuel control valve


Adjusts to changes in gas composition, minimizing operator interaction

Optimized gas-specific fuel control system Little user interaction Easy engine starting Increased fuel flexibility Maximized uptime

Gas regulator
Ensures constant fuel pressure from commonly unstable fuel source for optimal engine performance

Double blocking valve


Two safety shutoff valves includes a valve proving system to ensure safe operation

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Engine mounted control panel provides quick onsite adjustments and engine monitoring
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Low profile air filter easily fits within container enclosure without modification

10 GE Energy Gas Engines MCA Conference October 2011

Skid mounted gas train includes regulator and double blocking valve with valve proving system.
Simplifies packaging and complies with common European and US codes. Provides consistent fuel pressure to engine for optimal performance.

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Improved Air Cleaner Design enables easy Containerization

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Waukesha APG1000
Container-friendly overall engine design

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Four Waukesha APG 1000 containerized Enginators have been running at Hampton Downs Landfill in New Zealand since 2009, providing an output of 4400 kWe.

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In Pig City, Philippines, one APG 1000 Enginator running on digester gas produces 1100 kWe of electricity, which is used for farm operation. Excess electrical output is sold to the local grid and the heat produced is used for the incubators. This site was named one of the Worlds Best Power Plants in the January 15 February 2010 issue of Diesel & Gas Turbine Worldwide. GE Energy Gas Engines
General Electric
MCA Conference October 2011

Ecomagination Imagination at work


Elec Power + Heat + CO2 = Nothing wasted

Greenhouses in the Netherlands running APG & VGF models from Waukesha are a perfect example of efficiency. These modern day farmers not only use the electricity created by the generators, but also the heat & CO2 from the exhaust stream for district heating and fertilizing the plants.

The Worlds First

24 Cylinder Gas Engine

General Electric

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J624: 2-stage turbocharger technology


Fuel 1st Stage Air Inlet Filter Mixture to Engine Engine Exhaust Hot Side Connection 2nd Stage Exhaust

J624

Future
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Operating range
Mixture Cooling Water Temp 104F

Single-Stage Turbocharger
Full Output at High Site Elevation 1,600 ft

Full Output at High Ambient Temp 86F

General Electric

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Operating rangebecomes much larger


Mixture Cooling Water Temp 158F

Two-Stage Turbocharger
Full Output at High Site Elevation 5,000 ft

Full Output at High Ambient Temp 104F

No impact on
Emissions Start up time Part load Service intervals
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General Electric

Standard hydraulic interfaces


Engine jacket water HE Engine jacket water pump

Mixture HE

Oil HE Standardized hydraulic interface to customer

Modular hydraulic integration

Standardized interfaces, flexible hydraulic integration


General Electric
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Multi-unit Gas Engine Power Plant


Short cycle time less than 12 month from NTP to COD Flexible plant sizes easy to expand Black-start capability

46.5% high simple cycle efficiency 10-100% load range (>5 engines) Best in class part load capability load following ability 5 min. start-up time

General Electric

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Typical Plant Layout


Air inlet Filter Control room
18m/60ft 10m/33ft

CL Distance: ~4.5m/15ft
67m/220ft

Maintenance area Radiators on roof top

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Driving innovation: The worlds first 24-cylinder gas engine

The worlds first 4 MW 24-cylinder gas engine is powering one of the largest commercial tomato greenhouses in the Netherlands, offering an economic supply of onsite electrical and thermal power while also employing the engines cleaned exhaust gas as a fertilizer.

Waste heat to power technology

General Electric

25 GE Energy Gas Engines MCA Conference October 2011

Energy Balance of a Gas Engine


HE 1 Mixture intercooler
HE 2

Oil heat exchanger


HE 3 Engine jacket water heat exchanger HE 4 Exhaust gas heat exchanger

Approximately 50% of heat energy (HE4) is in the form of high-energy exhaust

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Introducing Clean CycleTM 125kW


Bringing Waste Heat to Power to the masses

125 kWe, no additional emissions Permanent magnet technology found in exotic sports cars and heart pumps For engines, biomass boilers, other heatwasting applications down to 121C (250F)

35 ft2 module footprint can fit almost anywhere Quick onsite assembly

General Electric

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www.dresserwaukesha.com www.gejenbacher.com www.geheatrecovery.com

Travis Dauwalter
CHP Business Development GE Energy, Gas Engines 28 +1 404 735 8852 GE Energy Gas Engines travis.dauwalter@ge.com MCA Conference October 2011