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# Electrical Questions Questions based on dc generator Choose the correct answer: 1.

The current induced in the coils of a dc generator is: a) Ac b) dc c) unidirectional d) None 2. The function of carbon brushes in a dc generator is to: a) Reduce friction b) provide insulation c) collect the current d) send the current 3. Rectifying action in a dc generator is provided by: a) Brushes b) commutator c) slip rings d) none 4. Number of commutator bars is .. the number of coils or slots. a) Greater than b) less than c) equal to d) None 5. In a fractional pitched winding, the coil span or coil pitch is. the pole pitch. a) Less than b) greater than c) equal to d) None 6. For a simplex lap winding to be retrogressive, back pitch should be . the front pitch. a) Less than b) greater than c) equal to d) none 7. In lap winding, there as many parallel paths in the armature as the number of: a) Commutators b) poles c) coils d) None 8. The number of parallel paths in simplex wave winding is: a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 9. Lap winding is suitable for . generator: a) Low voltage high current b) high voltage high current c) Low voltage low current d) none 10. Wave winding is suitable for generator: a) High voltage low current b) Low voltage high current c) High voltage high current d) none

Fill in the blanks: 1. Eddy current loss in the dc generator is proportional to the of the frequency of magnetic reversal. 2. Condition for maximum efficiency of a dc generator is 3. The function of .. windings is to neutralize the cross magnetizing effect of armature reaction. 4. The main cause which retards or delays the quick current reversal is the production of in the coil undergoing commutation. 5. is used to neutralize the reactance emf and to make commutation sparkless. Give one-line answers: 1. What is the function of equalizer rings? 2. Define critical speed. 3. Sketch the external characteristics of a dc shunt generator and dc series generator. 4. What will happen if the shunt field resistance is greater than the critical resistance? 5. What is done to neutralize the demagnetizing effect of armature reaction?

Questions based on dc motor Give one-line answers 1. Give the expression for back emf as applicable to dc motors. 2. Why should a dc series motor never be started without some mechanical load on it? 3. Sketch the torque/current and speed/torque characteristics of a dc series motor. 4. Why dc series motor is used in traction? 5. What is the voltage level of electric traction system in India? 6. Sketch the speed torque characteristic of a dc shunt motor. 7. Give the condition for maximum efficiency of a dc motor. 8. How many dc series motors are there in railway electric locomotive?

9. What will happen if the field of a dc shunt motor is opened? 10. What will happen to the direction of rotation of a dc motor if both the field current and armature current are reversed? 11. If progressive winding is changed to retrogressive winding, what will happen to the direction of rotation of dc motor? 12. What is the necessity of a starter?

Choose the correct answer: 1. To obtain speeds below the no load speed .. method is adopted. a) Rheostatic control b) Flux control c) Voltage control d) none 2. Ward Leonard System is method. a) Rheostatic control b) Flux control c) Voltage control d) none 3. Two mechanically coupled motors are first connected in series and then in parallel across the rated power supply. Let the speed in the respective cases be Ts and Tp. Then: a) Ts=Tp b) Ts>Tp c) Ts<Tp d) None 4. Locomotive transformer used in electric engines is: a) Core type b) shell type c) auto transformer d) None Questions based on transformer Give one-line answers 1. Why is low voltage winding placed nearest to the core in core type transformer? 2. Sketch the vector diagram of a transformer on load (assume resistive load). 3. Sketch the equivalent circuit of a transformer as referred to the primary side. 4. Which parameters are obtained from open circuit test of transformer? 5. Which parameters are obtained from short circuit test of transformer? 6. What is the condition of maximum efficiency for a transformer?

7. Sketch a suitable circuit diagram for converting a three-phase supply to two-phase supply? 8. Why the frequency of power supply in US is 60 Hz and that in India is 50 Hz? 9. Why flickering does not occur when a tube light is switched on with an electronic choke? 10. Why OC test is conducted on the low voltage side and SC test is conducted on the high voltage side?

Questions based on induction motor Give one line answers 1. Why cant an induction motor run at synchronous speed? 2. In a star delta starter, first star connection is applied and then delta. Why? 3. Why is single-phase induction motor not self starting? 4. How can you reverse the direction of rotation of three-phase induction motor? 5. How can you reverse the direction of rotation of single-phase induction motor? 6. How you are going to vary the speed of a synchronous motor? 7. What are V-curves? 8. Sketch the open circuit and short circuit characteristics of an alternator. 9. Why aircrafts use 400 Hz AC supply? 10. What are the advantages of stationary armature as applicable to alternators? 11. What is the technical difference in the construction of table and ceiling fan? 12. What happens if DC supply is given to an AC motor?

TRAINING AND PLACEMENT DIVISION B.I.T, MESRA, RANCHI Questions based on Basic Electrical Engineering Time: 30 minutes Choose the correct answer: 1. In no load test which side of transformer must be open: a) L.V. side b) H.V. side c) Any side d) none 2. No load test gives: a) Copper loss b) magnetization current c) magnetization current & loss d) efficiency of transformer 3. The secondary winding of which of the transformer is always kept short circuited: a) Current transformer b) step down transformer c) auto transformer d) step up transformer 4. For parallel operation of single phase transformer it is necessary that they should have: a) Same polarity b) same regulation c) same KVA d) same efficiency 5. Short circuit test gives: a) Core loss b) eddy current loss c) hysteresis loss d) copper loss 6. During open circuit test we normally apply: a) Rated current at HV side b) rated voltage at HV side c) Rated current at LV side d) rated voltage at LV side 7. Sumpners test is conducted on transformer to determine: a) temperature b) stray losses c) all day efficiency d) efficiency 8. During short circuit test if the frequency doubles then: a) Copper loss remains same b) copper loss will double c) Copper loss will be four times d) copper loss will reduce 9. In a transformer the reluctance between primary and secondary must be: a) Low b) very high c) high d) zero 10. The ratio of peak value and RMS value is called the: a) Form factor b) Peak factor c) RMS factor d) Effective factor

11. True or effective power in a pure capacitive circuit is: a) Always negative b) Equal to half of the peak value c) Zero d) Equal to the peak value 12. The power factor of a DC circuit is always: a) Zero b) Less than unity c) Unity d) Greater than unity 13. The product of apparent power and sine of the phase angle between circuit voltage and current is: a) True power b) Reactive power c) Instantaneous power d) Volt-amperes 14. The magnetization vector M is defined as: a) Dipole moment per unit volume b) Dipole moment per square metre c) Dipole moment per unit magnetic field d) None 15. The full load copper losses are 2000W. Half load copper losses are: a) 4000W b) 1000W c) 500W d) 2000W 16. Harmonics in transformer results in: 2 a) Increased core losses b) increased I R loss c) a) and b) both d) none 17. The main reason for generation of harmonics in a transformer could be: a) Mechanical vibrabations b) poor insulation c) fluctuating load d) saturation of core 18. The highest voltage for transmitting electrical power in India is: a) 66kV b) 132kV c) 600kV d) 400kV 19. The unit of magnetization vector M is: a) Ampere/sq. metre b) Ampere sq metre c) Ampere/metre d) Ampere/cu. meter 20. An AC voltage is impressed across a pure resistance of 2 ohms in parallel with a pure inductance of impedance of 2 ohms. The current: a) Through the resistance is less b) Through the resistance is more c) Both inductance and resistance carry equal currents d) None

21. The length of the phasor in a phasor diagram normally represents: a) Peak value b) RMS value c) Average value d) None 22. The S.I. unit of Reactive Power is: a) VAR b) VA c) Watt d) None 23. The unit of Apparent Power is: a) VAR b) VA c) Watt d) None 24. The unit of current density is: a) mho b) A/sq. m c) coloumb d) kWhr 25. A transformer steps up the voltage by a factor 100. The ratio of current in the primary to that in the secondary is: a) 0.01 b) 1 c) 100 d) 0.1 26. A single-phase 50 Hz transformer has a rating of 80kVA and voltage ratio of 3200/400V. Calculate the full load secondary current: a) 50A b) 100A c) 150A d) 200A 27. The value of Joules mechanical equivalent of heat J is equal to: a) 4.2 joules b) 4.2 joules per calorie c) 4.2 calories per joule d) 2.4 joules per calories 28. A 230V 100W bulb and a 230V 25W bulb are connected in series across 230V DC supply. The bulb which burns brighter is: a) 100W bulb b) 25W bulb c) Both will have same brightness d) None 29. The effect of the inductance of a coil on a constant direct current is that: a) It decreases the current b) It strengthens the current c) It causes higher voltage drop d) It does not affect the constant direct current 30. The equation of a 25 cycles current sine wave having RMS value of 30A is: a) 30 sin 20 t b) 30 sin 50 t c) 42.42 sin 157 t d) 42.42 sin 25 t