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Which of the following properties of molecules of an ideal gas is/are the same on the moon as on the earth, if the temperature and volume of the gas are unchanged ?

 1) The average momentum change when a molecule of 2) the gas rebounds from a wall of the container. The average kinetic energy of a molecule of the gas. 3) The weight of a molecule of the gas.

A. (1), (2) and (3)

B. (1) and (2) only

C. (2) and (3) only

D. (1) only

E. (3) only

The r.m.s. speed of the molecule of a certain gas X is 341 m s -1 at 298 K. Find the molar mass of the gas X. (Given : Universal gas constant R = 8.31 J mol -1 K -1 )

A. 5.4 g

B. 21.8 g

C. 33.8 g

D. 42.6 g

E. 63.9 g

The pressure of an ideal gas in a container is P. If the number of gas molecules is halved, the volume of the container is doubled and the temperature is kept constant, the pressure will be

 A. P/4 B. P/2 C. P D. 2p E. 4p

Which of the graphs best represents the distribution of molecular speeds in a gas at 500 K if the dotted curve represents this distribution for the same gas at 300 K ?

4

An ideal gas is contained in a cylinder fitted with a light piston as shown below :

Initially, the piston is held fixed and the gas is cooled. Afterwards, the piston is pushed inwards slowly. Which of the following graphs represents the variation of gas pressure P with gas volume V ? (i represents initial state; f represents final state)

5

One mole of an ideal gas is contained in a cylinder fitted with a light, frictionless piston. The gas is heated under constant pressure P so that its volume increases from V to 4V and the final temperature is T. If R is the universal gas constant, the work done by the gas is

A.

3RT

4

B .

RT

3

C

D. 3RT

E. 4RT

RT

.

Which of the following is NOT an assumption in deriving the kinetic theory of gases ?

A. The volume of the molecules is negligible compared with the volume of the gas.

B. Attractive forces between the molecules are negligible.

C. The duration of a collision is negligible compared with the time between collision.

D. Collisions with the walls of the container and with other molecules cause no change in the average kinetic energy of molecules.

E. The molecules suffer negligible change of momentum on collision with the walls of the container.

An inexpansible vessel contains 1.2 kg of gas at 300 K. What is the mass of gas expelled from the vessel if it is heated from 300 K to 400 K under constant pressure ?

A. 0.25 kg

B. 0.3 kg

C. 0.6 kg

D. 0.75 kg

E. 0.9 kg

A piston is SLOWLY pushed into a metal cylinder containing an ideal gas. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT ?

A. The mass of the gas remains the same.

B. The pressure of the gas increases.

C. The number of the molecules per unit volume increases.

D. The average speed of gas molecules increases.

E. The frequency of collision of the gas molecules with the piston increases.

An ideal gas is contained in two metal cylinders A and B connected by a tap, which is initially closed. The volume and pressure of the gas in the cylinders are as follows :

pressure / Pa

volume / m 3

A 5 x 10 5

B 2 x 10 5

When the tap connecting the two cylinders is opened, what will be the final pressure in the vessel ? You may assume that the temperature remains constant.

11 x 10 -3 4 x 10 -3

A. 2.4 x 10 5 Pa

B. 3.5 x 10 5 Pa

C. 4.2 x 10 5 Pa

D. 5.0 x 10 5 Pa

E. 6.9 x 10 5 Pa

For smoke particles undergoing Brownian motion in air, the motion of the smoke particles is mainly caused by

A. Air convention currents.

B. The interaction between oxygen and nitrogen molecules.

C. Collisions between air molecules.

D. Collisions between smoke particles.

E. Collisions between air molecules and smoke particles.

1 mole of an ideal mono-atomic gas expands at a constant pressure of 10 5 Pa from a volume of 0.02 m 3 to a volume of 0.03 m 3 . The increase in internal energy of the gas is

A. 500 J.

B. 667 J.

C. 1000 J.

D. 1500 J.

E. 2500 J.

Two vessels of equal volume both contain an ideal gas and are connected by a tube of negligible volume. Initially both vessels are at temperature T o and pressure P o . One vessel is maintained at T o , while the temperature of the other is raised to T. The new pressure is then given by

A.

B .

C

.

D

.

E

.

P

o

TP

o

T

o

T P

o

o

T

2TP

o

T

P

o

+

T

o

(

T

+

T

o

)

2 T

o

Two different gases A and B are contained in two identical vessels. If the ratio of their molecular masses and absolute temperatures are respectively 8 : 1 and 2 : 1, the ratio of their r.m.s. molecular speeds will be

A. 1 : 4

B. : 2

1

 C. 1 : 1 D. 2 : 1 E. 4 : 1

A fixed mass of ideal gas at S.T.P. occupies a volume of 2 m 3 . The gas is heated and allowed to expand to a final volume of 4 m 3 with its pressure doubled. The root mean square speed of the gas molecules is

A. reduced to one quarter to its value.

B. halved.

C. unchanged.

D. doubled.

E. increased four times.

Which of the following statements about an experiment showing the Brownian motion with smoke particles in air is/are correct ?

 1) The motion is caused by collisions between air 2) molecules and smoke particles. The experiment makes it possible to see the motion 3) of the air molecules. The motion is irregular because air is a mixture of gases, and the molecules have different masses.

A. (1), (2) and (3)

B. (1) and (2) only

C. (2) and (3) only

D. (1) only

E. (3) only

16

An ideal gas is taken through the series of changes shown. Which of the following statements is/are correct ?

 1) No net work is done by the gas 2) is completing one cycle. The work done by the gas 3) during the change AB is equal to that done on the gas during the change CD. The gas has the same temperature at B and C.

A. (1), (2) and (3)

B. (1) and (2) only

C. (2) and (3) only

D. (1) only

E. (3) only

An inexpansible vessel contains air at 50°C. What percentage of air remains in the vessel if it is heated to 100°C under constant pressure ? (You may take the ice point to be 273 K)

A. 87 %

B. 85 %

C. 73 %

D. 63 %

E. 50 %

Identical containers A and B contain oxygen (O 2 ) and hydrogen (H 2 ) respectively. Both gases are at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Which of the following statements is/are true ?

In both containers,

1)

2)

3)

the number of gas molecules is the same; the r.m.s. speed of gas molecules is the same; the frequency of collision of gas molecules with the walls of container is the same.

A. (1) only

B. (3) only

C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only

E. (1) , (2) and (3)

Given : Avogadro constant = 6 x 10 23 mol -1 Boltzmann constant = 1.38 x 10 -23 J K -1 Molar gas constant = 8.31 J mol -1 K -1 If 1 mole of an ideal gas is heated under constant pressure from 20°C to 70°C, the total kinetic energy of the gas molecules is increased by

A. 208 J

B. 415 J

C. 581 J

D. 623 J

E. 831 J

The relative atomic mass of oxygen is 16. what is the ratio of the average speed of oxygen molecules to that of hydrogen molecules at room temperature ?

 A. 1/16 B. ¼ C. 1 D. 4 E. 16

Which of the following statements is/are correct ?

1)

2)

3)

The boiling point of pure water increases with atmospheric pressure. The water molecules in 100°C steam have a higher r.m.s. speed than those in pure water boiling at

100°C.

When pure water is boiling, the supplied energy becomes the intermolecular potential energy and the kinetic energy of the water molecules.

A. (1) only

B. (3) only

C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only

E. (1) , (2) and (3)

22

Two different ideal gases, A and B, are contained in two identical vessels. If the ratio of their absolute temperature and the ratio of the root-mean-square speed of the molecules are respectively 2 : 1 and 3 : 1, the ratio of their molecular mass is

A. 2 : 3

B. 2 : 9

C. 1 : 6

D. 9 : 2

E. 3 : 2

 A fixed mass of an ideal gas undergoes a cycle ABCD in which its pressure p and volume V change as shown in the p-V diagram below. Which of the following

statements is/are correct ?

1)

2)

3)

From A to B, work is done by the gas. From B to C, heat is extracted from the gas. From C to D, the internal energy of the gas increases.

A. (1) only

B. (3) only

C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only

E. (1) , (2) and (3)

24

When a gas is below its critical temperature, which of the following is/are correct ?

 1) Intermolecular forces are significant. 2) The gas can be liquefied by applying pressure 3) alone. Collisions between molecules are not perfectly elastic.

A. (1) only

B. (3) only

C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only

E. (1) , (2) and (3)

The root-mean-square speed of a sample of helium gas molecules, each of mass m, is c. Which of the following deductions is correct ?

A. The percentage of molecules travelling at speed c is greater than at other speeds.

B. Half of the molecules travel at a speed higher than c.

C. All molecules travel randomly with speed c.

D. The average speed of the molecules is c.

E. The average kinetic energy of the molecules is ½ mc 2 .

In which of the following cases will heat always flow away from a body X ?

 1) X is changed from its liquid state to a solid at 2) freezing point. X is in thermal contact with another system at a 3) lower temperature. X is in thermal contact with another system which has a smaller amount of internal energy.

A. (1) only

B. (3) only

C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only

E. (1) , (2) and (3)

27

The internal energy of an ideal gas is always changes when

 1) Its volume increases. 2) It undergoes an isothermal change. 3) It is compressed in an insulating container.

A. (1) only

B. (3) only

C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only

E. (1) , (2) and (3)

Two metallic containers X and Y of volume V and 4V respectively are connected by a narrow tube as shown. Initially the tap S is closed and an ideal gas is contained in X at a pressure of 400 kPa while container Y is evacuated. The tap S is then opened and when equilibrium is finally reached

A. the gas pressure in X is 100 kPa.

B. there are still gas molecules moving through the tap S.

C. the product of pressure and volume of the gas in X is equal to that in Y.

D. the density of gas molecules in X is greater than that in Y.

E. the gas molecules in Y on average move faster than those in

X.

Which of the following descriptions about ideal gas is/are correct ?

 1) An ideal gas obeys Boyle’s law only under high 2) temperature and low pressure. The molecules of an ideal gas have no size. 3) The internal energy of an ideal gas consists of kinetic energy only.

A. (1) only

B. (3) only

C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only

E. (1) , (2) and (3)

A fixed mass of an ideal gas undergoes the process ABC as shown in the pressure-temperature diagram. Which of the following deductions from the diagram is INCORRECT ?

A. The volume of the gas at C is greater than that at B.

B. No work is done by the gas when it changes from A to B.

C. Work is done by the gas on the surroundings when it changes from B to C.

D. Heat energy is transferred to the gas when it changes from A to B.

E. Heat energy is extracted from the gas when it changes from B to C.

A and B are two identical containers connected by a tap S initially closed. A contains an ideal gas at a pressure P 1 and a temperature T 1 . B contains the same gas at a pressure P 2 and a temperature T 2 . The tap S is then opened. If the temperature of the containers A and B remain constant at T 1 and T 2 respectively, the final pressure of the gas mixture will be

A.

B

.

C .

D .

E

.

 P 1 + P 2 2 P 1 1 + PT 1 P 2 + PT 2 2 T 1 T + 2

PT

1

2

+

PT

2

1

T

1

P

T

1

1

+

T

2

+

P   T

T

2

(

2

1

+

T

2

)

A vessel of volume 1 x 10 -3 m 3 contains 0.72 g of an ideal gas at a pressure of 1 x 10 5 Pa. The r.m.s. velocity of the gas molecules is

A. 20 m s -1

B. 110 m s -1

C. 340 m s -1

D. 650 m s -1

E. 3400 m s -1

Container X holds N molecules of a certain gas at atmospheric pressure. Container Y has the same volume as X and holds 2N molecules of the same gas. Both containers are at the same temperature. The ratio of the average number of collisions per second with the walls in X to those in Y is

A. 1 : 2

 B. 1 : 2 C. 1 : 1 D. 2 : 1 E. 4 : 1

The figure above shows two curves for a given mass of gas at temperature T 1 and T 2 . If the symbols P, V and T stand for the pressure, volume and absolute temperature of the gas, which of the following statements is FALSE ?

 A. Temperature T 1 is twice temperature T 2 . B. PV/T is constant for all the points on the two curves. C. When the gas expands from state B to state C as represented by the curve BC, no energy is transferred from the surroundings to the gas. D. No work is done by the gas when it changes from state A to state B along the line AB. E. To take the gas from state A to state C, work done = 100 J. 35

At 0ºC temperature and 1.00 x 10 5 N m -2 pressure, the density of a gas is 0.179 kg m -3 . The r.m.s. speed of the gas molecules at 91ºC will be

A. 231 m s -1 .

B. 470 m s -1 .

C. 1290 m s -1 .

D. 1490 m s -1 .

E. 1730 m s -1 .

For an ideal gas expanded isothermally,

A. the work done by the gas is equal to the heat energy added to it.

B. the work done on the gas is equal to the heat energy rejected by it.

C. the work done on the surroundings is zero.

D. the heat energy transferred to the gas is zero.

E. the internal energy of the gas increases.

An ideal gas undergoes the processes marked abc in the above p-V diagram. If the total heat energy supplied to the gas during the processes is 3100 J, the change in internal energy of the gas will be

A. -3900 J.

B. -2700 J.

C. 2300 J.

D. 2700 J.

E. 3500 J.

The graph shows the distribution of molecular speeds c for a gas at room temperature. N(c) represents the number of molecules ΔN in a small range of speeds c to c + Δc so that ΔN = N(c) Δc. As the temperature is increased,

A. the peak position will move to the right and its height will increase.

B. the peak position will move to the right and its height will decrease.

C. the peak position will move to the left and its height will increase.

D. the peak position will move to the left and its height will decrease.

E. the peak position and its height will both remain unchanged.

An ideal gas inside a container without thermal insulation is compressed very slowly to 70 % of its original volume. While the gas is being compressed, there is a heat energy transfer of 5000 J. which of the following statements is/are correct ?

1) Heat energy is transferred out of the system. 2) Work done on the gas during compression is equal to 5000 J. 3) The internal energy increases by 5000 J.

A. (1), (2) and (3)

B. (1) and (2) only

C. (2) and (3) only

D. (1) only

E. (3) only

40

A fixed mass of an ideal gas goes through the three processes from P to S indicated in the above p-T diagram : (1) : P Q, (2) :

Q R, (3) : R S. During which of the above processes is work done by the gas on the surroundings ?

A. (1) only

B. (3) only

C. (1) and (2) only

D. (1) and (3) only

E. (2) and (3) only

Which of the following statements concerning a real gas is/are correct ?

 1) Collisions between molecules and the wall of a 2) container are not perfectly elastic. The volume of the molecules cannot be neglected. 3) Intermolecular forces cannot be neglected.

A. (1) only

B. (2) only

C. (3) only

D. (1) and (2) only

E. (2) and (3) only

The first law of thermodynamic can be expressed as ΔU = Q + W. When as ideal gas is compressed while keeping its pressure constant, which of the following holds ?

Q

A. positive

B. positive

C. zero

D. negative

E. negative

ΔU

negative

positive

negative

negative

negative

W

negative

positive

negative

negative

positive

Which of the following is NOT a basic assumption of the kinetic theory of an ideal gas ?

A. All molecules are in random motion.

B. All molecules move with the same speed at a certain temperature.

C. All molecules are point particles that have no physical size.

D. All collisions are perfectly elastic.

E. All molecules do not exert force on one another except during collisions.

The graph shows the relation between the pressure P and the absolute temperature T of a fixed mass of an ideal gas, which changes from state A to state B along the path AB. Which of the following statements is/are correct ?

 1) The graph shows that P is 2) directly proportional to T. The volume V of the gas increases. 3) All the points on straight line AB satisfy the relation PV/T = constant.

A. (1) only

B. (3) only

C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only

What is the order of magnitude of the number of molecules in 1 cm 3 of air in an atmospheric pressure of 10 5 Pa and at room temperature ? (Given : Universal gas constant = 8.31 J K -1 mol -1 , Avogadro constant = 6.02 x 10 23 mol -1 )

A. 10 25

B. 10 19

C. 10 16

D. 10 13

A fixed mass of an ideal gas is contained in a cylinder with a light piston. In which of the following processes will the internal energy of the gas increase ?

1)

2)

3)

The gas is made to expand under constant pressure. The gas pressure is increased while keeping the piston at a fixed position. The gas is compressed suddenly as that heat transfer to or from the gas is negligible.

A. (1) and (2) only

B. (1) and (3) only

C. (2) and (3) only

D. (1), (2) and (3)

A fixed mass of an ideal gas undergoes changes from state X to state Z via state Y as shown in the plot of pressure p against volume V below. Which graph best shows how the absolute temperature T of the gas varies with its volume V ?

48

Two vessels contain hydrogen gas and oxygen gas respectively. Both gases are assumed to be ideal and they have the same pressure and temperature. Which of the following physical quantities must be the same for the two gases ?

A. The volume of the gas

B. The mass per unit volume of the gas

C. The r.m.s. speed of the gas molecules

D. The number of gas molecules per unit volume

A gas in a vessel of fixed volume leaks gradually. The gas in the vessel changes from state X to state Y along the path XY shown in the plot of pressure against absolute temperature. What percentage of the original mass of gas leaks out from the vessel in this process ?

A. 10 %

B. 20 %

C. 25 %

D. 50 %

 [ 0 6 # 2 2 ] T h e i d e a l g a s e q u a t i o n d e r k i n e t i c t h e o r y c a n b e e x p r e s s e d a s

i v

e

d

f

r

o

m

t h

e

In this equation, what does the product Nm

r e

p

r e

s

e

n

t

?

A. The total mass of the gas

B. The mass of one mole of the gas

C. The number of molecules in unit volume of the gas

D. The number of molecules in one mole of the gas

51515151

[07#44] Which of the following thermodynamic processes on fixed mass of an ideal gas is IMPOSSIBLE ?

A. It absorbs heat and expands while its internal energy increases.

B. It absorbs heat and expands while its internal energy decreases.

C. It liberates heat and is compressed while its internal energy increases.

D. It absorbs heat and is compressed while its internal energy decreases.

[08#22] Which of the following assumptions leads directly to the factor 1/3 in deriving the equation PV=1/3 Nmc 2 in kinetic theory of gases ?

A. All gas molecules are in random motion.

B. The gas molecules are negligible in size.

C. All collisions are perfectly elastic.

D. There is no intermolecular force between molecules except during collision.

[08#23] A closed vessel contains an ideal gas at a certain temperature. The gas is heated until its pressure reaches 1.2 times its initial value. Calculate the percentage increase in the average kinetic energy of the gas molecules.

A. 10%

B. 20%

C. 44%

D. It cannot be determined since the number of moles of gas molecules is not known.